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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634456/absolute-and-relative-training-load-and-its-relation-to-fatigue-in-football
#1
Unai Zurutuza, Julen Castellano, Ibon Echeazarra, David Casamichana
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship of external and internal training load (TL) indicators with the objective and subjective fatigue experienced by 15 semi-professional football players, over eight complete weeks of the competition period in the 2015-2016 season, which covered microcycles from 34th to 41st. The maximum heart rate (HRmax) and maximum speed (Vmax) of all the players were previously measured in specific tests. The TL was monitored via questionnaires on rating of perceived exertion (RPE), pulsometers and GPS devices, registering the variables: total distance (TD), player load 2D (PL2D), TD at >80% of the Vmax (TD80), TD in deceleration at < -2 m⋅sec-2 (TDD <-2), TD in acceleration >2 m⋅sec(-2) (TDA >2), Edwards (ED), time spent at between 50 and 80% (50-80% HRmax), 80-90% (80-90% HRmax), and >90% of the HRmax (>90% HRmax), and RPE both respiratory/thoracic (RPEres) and leg/muscular (RPEmus)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622081/effects-of-inspiratory-muscle-training-in-professional-women-football-players-a-randomized-sham-controlled-trial
#2
Bruno Archiza, Daniela Kuguimoto Andaku, Flávia Cristina Rossi Caruso, José Carlos Bonjorno, Cláudio Ricardo de Oliveira, Paula Angélica Ricci, André Capaldo do Amaral, Stela Márcia Mattiello, Cleiton Augusto Libardi, Shane A Phillips, Ross Arena, Audrey Borghi-Silva
This study was conducted to determine the effects of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) on respiratory and peripheral muscles oxygenation during a maximal exercise tolerance test and on repeated-sprint ability (RSA) performance in professional women football players. Eighteen athletes were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: SHAM (n = 8) or IMT (n = 10). After a maximal incremental exercise test, all participants performed (on a different day) a time-to-exhaustion (Tlim) test. Peripheral and respiratory muscles oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy, breath-by-breath ventilatory and metabolic variables, and blood lactate concentration were measured...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615216/emergency-response-facilities-including-primary-and-secondary-prevention-strategies-across-79-professional-football-clubs-in-england
#3
Aneil Malhotra, Harshil Dhutia, Sabiha Gati, Tee-Joo Yeo, Gherardo Finnochiaro, Tracey Keteepe-Arachi, Thomas Richards, Mike Walker, Robin Birt, David Stuckey, Laurence Robinson, Maite Tome, Ian Beasley, Michael Papadakis, Sanjay Sharma
AIM: To assess the emergency response planning and prevention strategies for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) across a wide range of professional football clubs in England. METHODS: A written survey was sent to all professional clubs in the English football league, namely the Premiership, Championship, League 1 and League 2. Outcomes included: (1) number of clubs performing cardiac screening and frequency of screening; (2) emergency planning and documentation; (3) automated external defibrillator (AED) training and availability; and (4) provision of emergency services at sporting venues...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614162/validity-of-heart-rate-based-indices-to-measure-training-load-and-intensity-in-elite-football-players
#4
Pedro Silva, Eduardo Dos Santos, Mikhail Grishin, José Mário Rocha
This study aimed to identify the most sensible heart rate-based indices to physical measures of training load and intensity. Twenty professional football players competing in the Russian league and in the UEFA Champions League were monitored during 15 training sessions (270 individual records) using GPS devices (10 Hz) and heart rate telemetry. Expert knowledge and a collinearity r < .5 were used initially to select the external physical markers for the final analysis. A multivariate-adjusted within-subjects model was employed to quantify the correlations between heart rate indices with various measures of training intensity and load...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593090/dynamic-hip-adduction-abduction-and-abdominal-exercises-from-the-holmich-groin-injury-prevention-program-are-intense-enough-to-be-considered-strengthening-exercises-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kasper Krommes, Thomas Bandholm, Markus D Jakobsen, Lars L Andersen, Andreas Serner, Per Hölmich, Kristian Thorborg
BACKGROUND: Training intensity is an important variable in strength training and above 80% of one repetition maximum is recommended for promoting strength for athletes. Four dynamic and two isometric on-field exercises are included in the Hölmich groin-injury prevention study that initially failed to show a reduction in groin injuries in soccer players. It has been speculated that exercise-intensity in this groin-injury prevention program was too low to induce the strength gains necessary to protect against groin-related injuries...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#6
Ric Lovell, Michael Knox, Matthew Weston, Jason C Siegler, Scott Brennan, Paul W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into 3 groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) bi-weekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530474/optimising-pre-season-training-loads-in-australian-football
#7
David L Carey, Justin Crow, Kok-Leong Ong, Peter Blanch, Meg E Morris, Ben J Dascombe, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: To investigate whether pre-season training plans for Australian football can be computer generated using current training load guidelines to optimise injury risk reduction and performance improvement. METHODS: A constrained optimisation problem was defined for daily total and sprint distance, using the pre-season schedule of an elite Australian football team as a template. Maximising total training volume and maximising Banister model projected performance were both considered as optimisation objectives...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512188/the-functional-movement-test-9-is-a-poor-screening-test-for-lower-extremity-injuries-in-professional-male-football-players-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Arnhild Bakken, Stephen Targett, Tone Bere, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Johannes L Tol, Rod Whiteley, Karim M Khan, Roald Bahr
BACKGROUND: The 9+ screening battery test consists of 11 tests to assess limitations in functional movement. AIM: To examine the association of the 9+ with lower extremity injuries and to identify a cut-off point to predict injury risk. METHODS: Professional male football players in Qatar from 14 teams completed the 9+ at the beginning of the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Time-loss injuries and exposure in training and matches were registered prospectively by club medical staff during these seasons...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508338/fluid-balance-in-team-sport-athletes-and-the-effect-of-hypohydration-on-cognitive-technical-and-physical-performance
#9
REVIEW
Ryan P Nuccio, Kelly A Barnes, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Sweat losses in team sports can be significant due to repeated bursts of high-intensity activity, as well as the large body size of athletes, equipment and uniform requirements, and environmental heat stress often present during training and competition. In this paper we aimed to: (1) describe sweat losses and fluid balance changes reported in team sport athletes, (2) review the literature assessing the impact of hypohydration on cognitive, technical, and physical performance in sports-specific studies, (3) briefly review the potential mechanisms by which hypohydration may impact team sport performance, and (4) discuss considerations for future directions...
May 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503911/community-football-teams-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-secure-settings-they-take-you-off-the-ward-it-was-like-a-nice-day-and-then-you-get-like-medals-at-the-end
#10
Nicholas Andrew Hudson, Jennifer Hella Mrozik, Rose White, Kristian Northend, Steve Moore, Katherine Lister, Kelly Rayner
BACKGROUND: People with learning disabilities (LD) are particularly vulnerable to mental health and behavioural difficulties, and it has been shown that regular exercise can improve psychosocial well-being as well as physical fitness. This research aims to explore the experiences of men with LD detained in secure settings who have engaged in community football training programmes and identify the benefits of such provision. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with eight patients in a forensic LD service, discussing their experiences of participating in community football...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500358/injury-prediction-and-vulnerability-assessment-using-strain-and-susceptibility-measures-of-the-deep-white-matter
#11
Wei Zhao, Yunliang Cai, Zhigang Li, Songbai Ji
Reliable prediction and diagnosis of concussion is important for its effective clinical management. Previous model-based studies largely employ peak responses from a single element in a pre-selected anatomical region of interest (ROI) and utilize a single training dataset for injury prediction. A more systematic and rigorous approach is necessary to scrutinize the entire white matter (WM) ROIs as well as ROI-constrained neural tracts. To this end, we evaluated injury prediction performances of the 50 deep WM regions using predictor variables based on strains obtained from simulating the 58 reconstructed American National Football League head impacts...
May 12, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488913/relationship-between-pre-training-subjective-wellness-measures-player-load-and-rating-of-perceived-exertion-training-load-in-american-college-football
#12
Andrew D Govus, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar
PURPOSE: The relationship between pre-training subjective wellness, external and internal training load in American College football is unclear. This study examined the relationship between pre-training subjective wellness (sleep quality, muscle soreness, energy, wellness Z score) on 1) player load and 2) session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE-TL) in American College footballers. METHODS: Subjective wellness (measured using 5-point, Likert scale questionnaires); external load (derived from global position systems [GPS] and accelerometry) and s-RPE-TL were collected during three typical training sessions per week for the second half of an American collegiate football season (eight weeks)...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488906/factors-affecting-match-outcome-in-elite-australian-football-a-14-year-analysis
#13
Brendan H Lazarus, William G Hopkins, Andrew M Stewart, Robert J Aughey
Effects of fixture and team-characteristics on match outcome in elite Australian football were quantified using data accessed at AFLtables.com for 5109 matches for seasons 2000-2013. Aspects of each match included days-break between matches (≤7 d vs ≥8 d), location (home vs away), travel-status (travel vs no travel), and differences between opposing teams' mean age, body mass and height (expressed as quintiles). A logistic-regression version of the generalised mixed linear model estimated each effect, which was assessed with magnitude-based inference using one extra win or loss in every 10 matches as the smallest important change...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476439/misunderstandings-of-concussion-within-a-youth-rugby-population
#15
Philip E Kearney, James See
OBJECTIVES: The recognition and management of concussion has become a major health concern within rugby union. Identifying misconceptions and attitudes regarding concussion is valuable for informing player education. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, and attitudes towards, concussion in subgroups of youth rugby players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Information sheets and consent forms were distributed at training sessions for multiple teams at each of three schools and three clubs...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#16
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#17
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415065/acute-effect-of-biomechanical-muscle-stimulation-on-the-counter-movement-vertical-jump-power-and-velocity-in-division-i-football-players
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Bert H Jacobson, Taylor P Monaghan, John H Sellers, Eric C Conchola, Zach K Pope, Rob G Glass
Jacobson, BH, Monaghan, TP, Sellers, JH, Conchola, EC, Pope, ZK, and Glass, RG. Acute effect of biomechanical muscle stimulation on the counter-movement vertical jump power and velocity in division I football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1259-1264, 2017-Research regarding whole body vibration (WBV) largely supports such training augmentation in attempts to increase muscle strength and power. However, localized biomechanical vibration has not received the same attention. The purpose of this study was to assess peak and average power before and after acute vibration of selected lower-body sites in division I athletes...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368955/combined-carbohydrate-and-protein-ingestion-during-australian-rules-football-matches-and-training-sessions-does-not-reduce-fatigue-or-accelerate-recovery-throughout-a-week-long-junior-tournament
#19
Nathan A Lee, James W Fell, Nathan W Pitchford, Andrew H Hall, Michael D Leveritt, Cecilia M Kitic
Australian Rules football (ARF) is a physically demanding sport that can induce high levels of fatigue. Fatigue may be intensified during periods where multiple matches are played with limited recovery time. Combined carbohydrate and protein (CHO+PRO) intake during physical activity may provide performance and recovery benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CHO+PRO ingestion during ARF matches and training sessions throughout a tournament would enhance performance or recovery in comparison to CHO-only ingestion...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367778/relationship-between-leadership-among-peers-and-burnout-in-sports-teams
#20
Julio Torrado, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Alberto Areces, Gabriel Iglesias, Iván Valle, Gabriel Patiño
This study has been conducted with the aim of ascertaining the relationship between peer leaders in sport teams and the levels of burnout experienced by their team-mates. A total of 219 Spanish athletes involved in football and basketball participated in the study. To measure leadership among peers, we employed the Sports Peer Leadership Scale, which comprises 24 items, grouped into 6 primary factors: empathy, influence on decision making, sports values, social support, training orientation and competition orientation...
April 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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