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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512188/the-functional-movement-test-9-is-a-poor-screening-test-for-lower-extremity-injuries-in-professional-male-football-players-a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Arnhild Bakken, Stephen Targett, Tone Bere, Cristiano Eirale, Abdulaziz Farooq, Johannes L Tol, Rod Whiteley, Karim M Khan, Roald Bahr
BACKGROUND: The 9+ screening battery test consists of 11 tests to assess limitations in functional movement. AIM: To examine the association of the 9+ with lower extremity injuries and to identify a cut-off point to predict injury risk. METHODS: Professional male football players in Qatar from 14 teams completed the 9+ at the beginning of the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Time-loss injuries and exposure in training and matches were registered prospectively by club medical staff during these seasons...
May 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508338/fluid-balance-in-team-sport-athletes-and-the-effect-of-hypohydration-on-cognitive-technical-and-physical-performance
#2
REVIEW
Ryan P Nuccio, Kelly A Barnes, James M Carter, Lindsay B Baker
Sweat losses in team sports can be significant due to repeated bursts of high-intensity activity, as well as the large body size of athletes, equipment and uniform requirements, and environmental heat stress often present during training and competition. In this paper we aimed to: (1) describe sweat losses and fluid balance changes reported in team sport athletes, (2) review the literature assessing the impact of hypohydration on cognitive, technical, and physical performance in sports-specific studies, (3) briefly review the potential mechanisms by which hypohydration may impact team sport performance, and (4) discuss considerations for future directions...
May 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503911/community-football-teams-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-secure-settings-they-take-you-off-the-ward-it-was-like-a-nice-day-and-then-you-get-like-medals-at-the-end
#3
Nicholas Andrew Hudson, Jennifer Hella Mrozik, Rose White, Kristian Northend, Steve Moore, Katherine Lister, Kelly Rayner
BACKGROUND: People with learning disabilities (LD) are particularly vulnerable to mental health and behavioural difficulties, and it has been shown that regular exercise can improve psychosocial well-being as well as physical fitness. This research aims to explore the experiences of men with LD detained in secure settings who have engaged in community football training programmes and identify the benefits of such provision. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with eight patients in a forensic LD service, discussing their experiences of participating in community football...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500358/injury-prediction-and-vulnerability-assessment-using-strain-and-susceptibility-measures-of-the-deep-white-matter
#4
Wei Zhao, Yunliang Cai, Zhigang Li, Songbai Ji
Reliable prediction and diagnosis of concussion is important for its effective clinical management. Previous model-based studies largely employ peak responses from a single element in a pre-selected anatomical region of interest (ROI) and utilize a single training dataset for injury prediction. A more systematic and rigorous approach is necessary to scrutinize the entire white matter (WM) ROIs as well as ROI-constrained neural tracts. To this end, we evaluated injury prediction performances of the 50 deep WM regions using predictor variables based on strains obtained from simulating the 58 reconstructed American National Football League head impacts...
May 12, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488913/relationship-between-pre-training-subjective-wellness-measures-player-load-and-rating-of-perceived-exertion-training-load-in-american-college-football
#5
Andrew D Govus, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Andrew Murray, Hugh Fullagar
PURPOSE: The relationship between pre-training subjective wellness, external and internal training load in American College football is unclear. This study examined the relationship between pre-training subjective wellness (sleep quality, muscle soreness, energy, wellness Z score) on 1) player load and 2) session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE-TL) in American College footballers. METHODS: Subjective wellness (measured using 5-point, Likert scale questionnaires); external load (derived from global position systems [GPS] and accelerometry) and s-RPE-TL were collected during three typical training sessions per week for the second half of an American collegiate football season (eight weeks)...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488906/factors-affecting-match-outcome-in-elite-australian-football-a-14-year-analysis
#6
Brendan H Lazarus, William G Hopkins, Andrew M Stewart, Robert J Aughey
Effects of fixture and team-characteristics on match outcome in elite Australian football were quantified using data accessed at AFLtables.com for 5109 matches for seasons 2000-2013. Aspects of each match included days-break between matches (≤7 d vs ≥8 d), location (home vs away), travel-status (travel vs no travel), and differences between opposing teams' mean age, body mass and height (expressed as quintiles). A logistic-regression version of the generalised mixed linear model estimated each effect, which was assessed with magnitude-based inference using one extra win or loss in every 10 matches as the smallest important change...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476439/misunderstandings-of-concussion-within-a-youth-rugby-population
#8
Philip E Kearney, James See
OBJECTIVES: The recognition and management of concussion has become a major health concern within rugby union. Identifying misconceptions and attitudes regarding concussion is valuable for informing player education. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the knowledge of, and attitudes towards, concussion in subgroups of youth rugby players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Information sheets and consent forms were distributed at training sessions for multiple teams at each of three schools and three clubs...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476118/-it-s-like-a-personal-motivator-that-you-carried-around-wi-you-utilising-self-determination-theory-to-understand-men-s-experiences-of-using-pedometers-to-increase-physical-activity-in-a-weight-management-programme
#9
Craig Donnachie, Sally Wyke, Nanette Mutrie, Kate Hunt
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring using pedometers is an effective behaviour change technique to support increased physical activity (PA). However, the ways in which pedometers operate as motivational tools in adoption and maintenance of PA is not well understood. This paper investigates men's experiences of pedometers as motivational tools both during and after their participation in a 12-week group-based, weight management programme for overweight/obese men, Football Fans in Training (FFIT)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459281/self-managed-exercises-strength-and-fitness-training-and-multifidus-muscle-size-in-elite-footballers
#10
Julie A Hides, Jazmin Walsh, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis
CONTEXT:   Low back pain (LBP) and lower limb injuries are common among Australian Football League (AFL) players. Smaller size of 1 key trunk muscle, the lumbar multifidus (MF), has been associated with LBP and injuries in footballers. The size of the MF muscle has been shown to be modifiable with supervised motor-control training programs. Among AFL players, supervised motor-control training has also been shown to reduce the incidence of lower limb injuries and was associated with increased player availability for games...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415065/acute-effect-of-biomechanical-muscle-stimulation-on-the-counter-movement-vertical-jump-power-and-velocity-in-division-i-football-players
#11
Bert H Jacobson, Taylor P Monaghan, John H Sellers, Eric C Conchola, Zach K Pope, Rob G Glass
Jacobson, BH, Monaghan, TP, Sellers, JH, Conchola, EC, Pope, ZK, and Glass, RG. Acute effect of biomechanical muscle stimulation on the counter-movement vertical jump power and velocity in division I football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1259-1264, 2017-Research regarding whole body vibration (WBV) largely supports such training augmentation in attempts to increase muscle strength and power. However, localized biomechanical vibration has not received the same attention. The purpose of this study was to assess peak and average power before and after acute vibration of selected lower-body sites in division I athletes...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368955/combined-carbohydrate-and-protein-ingestion-during-australian-rules-football-matches-and-training-sessions-does-not-reduce-fatigue-or-accelerate-recovery-throughout-a-week-long-junior-tournament
#12
Nathan A Lee, James W Fell, Nathan W Pitchford, Andrew H Hall, Michael D Leveritt, Cecilia M Kitic
Australian Rules football (ARF) is a physically demanding sport that can induce high levels of fatigue. Fatigue may be intensified during periods where multiple matches are played with limited recovery time. Combined carbohydrate and protein (CHO+PRO) intake during physical activity may provide performance and recovery benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate whether CHO+PRO ingestion during ARF matches and training sessions throughout a tournament would enhance performance or recovery in comparison to CHO-only ingestion...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367778/relationship-between-leadership-among-peers-and-burnout-in-sports-teams
#13
Julio Torrado, Constantino Arce, Ángel Vales-Vázquez, Alberto Areces, Gabriel Iglesias, Iván Valle, Gabriel Patiño
This study has been conducted with the aim of ascertaining the relationship between peer leaders in sport teams and the levels of burnout experienced by their team-mates. A total of 219 Spanish athletes involved in football and basketball participated in the study. To measure leadership among peers, we employed the Sports Peer Leadership Scale, which comprises 24 items, grouped into 6 primary factors: empathy, influence on decision making, sports values, social support, training orientation and competition orientation...
April 3, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361571/correlation-between-ecg-changes-and-early-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-preadolescent-footballers
#14
M Zdravkovic, B Milovanovic, S Hinic, I Soldatovic, T Durmic, G Koracevic, S Prijic, O Markovic, B Filipovic, D Lovic
The aim of this study was to assess the early electrocardiogram (ECG) changes induced by physical training in preadolescent elite footballers. This study included 94 preadolescent highly trained male footballers (FG) competing in Serbian Football League (minimum of 7 training hours/week) and 47 age-matched healthy male controls (less than 2 training hours/week) (CG). They were screened by ECG and echocardiography at a tertiary referral cardio center. Sokolow-Lyon index was used as a voltage electrocardiographic criterion for left ventricular hypertrophy diagnosis...
March 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360143/return-to-play-after-hamstring-injuries-in-football-soccer-a-worldwide-delphi-procedure-regarding-definition-medical-criteria-and-decision-making
#15
Nick van der Horst, Fjg Backx, Edwin A Goedhart, Bionka Ma Huisstede
There are three major questions about return to play (RTP) after hamstring injuries: How should RTP be defined? Which medical criteria should support the RTP decision? And who should make the RTP decision? The study aimed to provide a clear RTP definition and medical criteria for RTP and to clarify RTP consultation and responsibilities after hamstring injury. The study used the Delphi procedure. The results of a systematic review were used as a starting point for the Delphi procedure. Fifty-eight experts in the field of hamstring injury management selected by 28 FIFA Medical Centres of Excellence worldwide participated...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350233/does-slow-motion-impact-on-the-perception-of-foul-play-in-football
#16
Jochim Spitz, Koen Put, Johan Wagemans, A Mark Williams, Werner F Helsen
OBJECTIVES: Slow-motion replays of foul play situations are now used in the education and training of sports officials. We investigated the impact of video speed on the decision-making process of association football referees and how this interacted with expertise. METHODS: Three different groups of referees, varying in level of expertise, assessed video clips from an in-game perspective. Video clips represented corner kick and open play situations in which a foul occurred or not...
July 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347219/the-national-football-league-225-bench-press-test-and-the-size-weight-illusion
#17
Paul E Luebbers, Gavin Buckingham, Michael S Butler
The purpose of this study was to test reports that size and arrangement manipulations of weight plates (i.e., inducing a size-weight illusion [SWI]) would have an effect on athletic weightlifting performance. The participants were 72 experienced, weight-trained collegiate American football players. Across 3 weeks, each athlete performed three different repetitions-to-fatigue bench press tests (NFL-225, SWI-225, and SWI-215). A multiple regression revealed a positive association between participants' strength relative to the test load and repetitions for NFL-225 and SWI-215, but no association with SWI-225...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338375/an-updated-review-of-the-applied-physiology-of-american-collegiate-football-the-physical-demands-strength-conditioning-nutritional-considerations-and-injury-characteristics-of-america-s-favourite-game
#18
Hugh H K Fullagar, Robert McCunn, Andrew Murray
Whilst there are various avenues for performance improvement within collegiate American football (AF), there is no comprehensive evaluation of the collective array of resources around performance, physical conditioning and injury and training/game characteristics to guide future research and inform practitioners. Accordingly, the aim of the present review was to provide a current examination of these areas within collegiate AF. Recent studies show that there is a wide range of body compositions and strength characteristics between players, which appear to be influenced by playing position, level of play, training history/programming and time of season...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314926/american-football-and-fatal-exertional-heat-stroke-a-case-study-of-korey-stringer
#19
Andrew Grundstein, John A Knox, Jennifer Vanos, Earl R Cooper, Douglas J Casa
On August 1, 2001, Korey Stringer, a Pro Bowl offensive tackle for the Minnesota Vikings, became the first and to date the only professional American football player to die from exertional heat stroke (EHS). The death helped raise awareness of the dangers of exertional heat illnesses in athletes and prompted the development of heat safety policies at the professional, collegiate, and interscholastic levels. Despite the public awareness of this death, no published study has examined in detail the circumstances surrounding Stringer's fatal EHS...
March 17, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314618/drop-punt-kicking-induces-eccentric-knee-flexor-weakness-associated-with-reductions-in-hamstring-electromyographic-activity
#20
Steven J Duhig, Morgan D Williams, Geoffrey M Minett, David Opar, Anthony J Shield
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of 100 drop punt kicks on isokinetic knee flexor strength and surface electromyographic activity of bicep femoris and medial hamstrings. DESIGN: Randomized control study. METHODS: Thirty-six recreational footballers were randomly assigned to kicking or control groups. Dynamometry was conducted immediately before and after the kicking or 10min of sitting (control). RESULTS: Eccentric strength declined more in the kicking than the control group (p<0...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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