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Olecranon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183042/the-effect-of-asymmetrical-body-orientation-during-simulated-forward-falls-on-the-distal-upper-extremity-impact-response-of-healthy-people
#1
Timothy A Burkhart, Evan Brydges, Jennifer Stefanczyk, David M Andrews
The occurrence of distal upper extremity injuries resulting from forward falls (approximately 165,000 per year) has remained relatively constant for over 20years. Previous work has provided valuable insight into fall arrest strategies, but only symmetric falls in body postures that do not represent actual fall scenarios closely have been evaluated. This study quantified the effect of asymmetric loading and body postures on distal upper extremity response to simulated forward falls. Twenty participants were suspended from the Propelled Upper Limb fall ARest Impact System (PULARIS) in different torso and leg postures relative to the ground and to the sagittal plane (0°, 30° and 45°)...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179551/olecranon-bursitis-beau-s-lines-biett-s-collarettes-and-crown-of-venus
#2
Walter de Araujo Eyer-Silva, Guilherme Almeida Rosa da Silva, Fernando Raphael de Almeida Ferry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175943/-treatment-of-traumatic-lesions-of-the-bursa-olecrani-and-chronic-bursitis-olecrani
#3
D Saul, K Dresing
OBJECTIVE: Complete olecranon bursectomy with debridement, protection of veins and nerves. Risk-adapted antibiotic therapy and early functional aftercare. INDICATIONS: Acute, traumatic laceration of the bursa olecrani, chronic therapy-resistant bursitis olecrani. CONTRAINDICATIONS: For traumatic bursa injuries: general contraindications for anesthesia and surgery; chronic bursitis: initially not closable skin defect (plastic surgery required), hemodynamically instable patient (e...
February 7, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164056/olecranon-process-fracture-in-a-radial-club-hand-treated-with-tension-band-wiring-a-case-report
#4
Ramanagouda Biradar, Arravind Pillai, Ullas Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Radial club hand is rare deformity, and many patients do not receive treatment due to lack of awareness. None of the treatment options available can restore normality. Fractures of the olecranon process in radial club hand are rare probably due to limited use of the limb. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 35-year-old male with radial club hand who presented with a transverse fracture of the olecranon process. The patient underwent open reduction and tension band wiring for the fracture...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164048/rare-giant-cell-tumor-of-olecranon-bone
#5
Pawan Goyal, Vishal Gautam, Narender Saini, Yogesh Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Giant cell tumor (GCT) is a bone tumor involving epiphyseal area of bone abutting the subchondral bone. Commonly found in long bones such as proximal tibia and distal femur. We report a case of GCT of olecranon bone in a 23-year-old male. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old patient presented to our outpatient department with pain and mild swelling at the elbow from last 2 to 3 months. On examination, it was seen that there was a moderate swelling at the tip of the olecranon...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139383/olecranon-physeal-nonunion-in-the-adolescent-athlete-identification-of-two-patterns
#6
Rachel M Frank, Brett A Lenart, Mark S Cohen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to present the outcomes of patients undergoing surgical management of persistent, symptomatic olecranon physes. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing surgical management for symptomatic persistent olecranon physeal abnormalities were reviewed. Preoperative data, intraoperative findings, and postoperative clinical outcomes including physical examination findings, radiographs, complications, and reoperations were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 13 elbows in 12 patients (100% male; average age, 18 ± 4 years) were identified...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138434/concurrent-lateral-condyle-mass-fracture-with-olecranon-fracture-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#7
Munir Farooq, Younis Kamal, Hayat Ahmad Khan, Naseemul Gani, Adil Bashir Shah, Mohammed Ashraf Khan, Shahid Bhat
INTRODUCTION: There is very limited literature describing the association of lateral condyle mass (LCM) fracture of the distal humerus associated concurrently with olecranon fracture. Herein, a case is reported of a displaced LCM fracture with displaced olecranon fracture, due to complex trauma while getting out of a vehicle, which was managed by open reduction and internal fixation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4.5- year- old boy suffered severe pain and swelling around his right elbow due to trauma which he suffered while trying to get out of a vehicle which was in motion...
September 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117081/post-traumatic-forearm-nonunion-in-healthy-skeletally-immature-children-a-report-on-15-cases
#8
Giovanni Luigi Di Gennaro, Stefano Stilli, Giovanni Trisolino
BACKGROUND: Nonunion is a rare but severe complication following forearm fracture in skeletally immature patients. The purpose of this study is to describe a case series of pediatric forearm nonunions treated at our Institute. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed medical charts and radiographs of healthy children affected by post-traumatic nonunion of the forearm, from April 1992 to July 2015. An overall series of 15 cases was included in the study...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090003/primary-hinged-external-fixation-of-terrible-triad-injuries-and-olecranon-fracture-dislocations-of-the-elbow
#9
Kensuke Sakai, Masahiro Shirahama, Naoto Shiba, Kenji Yoshida, Shiro Yoshida
This study aimed to introduce a new treatment that apples primary hinged external fixation for complex fracture-dislocations of the elbow in 12 cases. We retrospectively assessed the functional outcomes of eight patients with terrible triad injuries and three patients with an olecranon fracture-dislocation of the elbow, who were treated at our hospital using a primary hinged external fixator between June 2012 and December 2014. Ten patients underwent repair or replacement of the radial head, while three underwent repair of the olecranon...
January 16, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065991/septic-olecranon-and-prepatellar-bursitis-in-hockey-players-a-report-of-three-cases
#10
Taylor Tuff, Karen Chrobak
Septic bursitis (SB) is an important differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with an acute subcutaneous swelling of the elbow or knee. Prompt recognition is essential to minimize recovery time and prevent the spread of infection. Due to the significant overlap in clinical features, it is often difficult to differentiate SB from non-septic bursitis (NSB) without bursal aspirate analysis. SB is commonly not considered unless the bursitis is accompanied by a local skin lesion or fever. This study describes two cases of septic olecranon bursitis and one case of septic prepatellar bursitis in adult hockey players presenting to a sports medicine clinic...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058796/hox-gene-expression-in-the-specialized-limbs-of-the-iberian-mole-talpa-occidentalis
#11
Constanze Bickelmann, Wessel van der Vos, Merijn A G de Bakker, Rafael Jiménez, Saskia Maas, Marcelo R Sánchez-Villagra
Fossorial talpid moles use their limbs predominantly for digging, which explains their highly specialized anatomy. The humerus is particularly short and dorsoventrally rotated, with broadened distal and proximal parts where muscles attach and which facilitate powerful abductive movements. The radius and ulna are exceptionally robust and short. The ulna has an expanded olecranon process. The femur is generalized, but the fused tibia-fibula complex is short and robust. To understand the developmental bases of these specializations, we studied expression patterns of four 5' Hox genes in the fossorial Iberian mole (Talpa occidentalis)...
January 2017: Evolution & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050809/the-treatment-of-olecranon-fractures-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
A J Powell, O M Farhan-Alanie, J K Bryceland, T Nunn
Olecranon fractures are common. They are usually managed surgically with open reduction and either tension band wiring or plate fixation. Currently, there are few studies comparing fracture treatments. We aim to review the available literature to guide the orthopaedic surgeon on the management of these fractures. A literature review of peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals detailing olecranon fracture treatment was conducted. An additional focus was placed on the evidence base for and surgical outcomes of tension band wiring for common two-part fractures...
January 3, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002221/gartland-type-3-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-in-children-which-open-reduction-approach-should-be-used-after-failed-closed-reduction
#13
Yusuf Onur Kzlay, Cem Nuri Aktekin, Mehmet Hakan Özsoy, Ertuğrul Akşahin, Abdurrahman Sakaoğullar, Murad Pepe, Onur Kocadal
OBJECTIVES: For displaced supracondylar humeral fractures in children, in the event of closed reduction failure, anatomic reduction is achieved via open reduction techniques; however, there are no confirmative reports among the published open reduction approaches that deliver the best functional and cosmetic results. Here, we compared long-term functional and cosmetic results of different surgical approaches. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Ankara Education and Research Hospital/Turkey...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921119/-distal-humerus-fracture-extensile-approaches
#14
F J P Beeres, F Oehme, R Babst
The majority of dislocated, intra-articular fractures are treated with an open reduction and internal fixation. In this paper we describe a variety of dorsal approaches to the distal humerus. Beside the dorsal approach through an olecranon osteotomy we also discuss the alternative dorsal approaches without osteotomy and their advantages and drawbacks. Moreover we discuss the preoperative planning and operative procedure. Early functional rehabilitation, without weight bearing, is important to achieve an optimal outcome...
December 5, 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#15
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900699/the-anconeus-triceps-lateral-flap-approach-for-total-elbow-arthroplasty-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
A Celli, P Bonucci
BACKGROUND: The posterior approaches to the elbow are considered as to allow an excellent joint exposure for total elbow arthroplasty. One complication that is well recognized is the insufficiency of the extensor mechanism in particular with the patients with poor tendon quality as in the rheumatoid diseases. The purpose of this paper is to present a new triceps-splitting exposure for total elbow arthroplasty used in rheumatoid patients with their preliminary results. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients with rheumatoid disease at grades III to V of the Larsen grading scale underwent total elbow replacement using the new triceps-splitting exposure called anconeus-triceps lateral flap and it preserves the integrity of the medial proper triceps tendon...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892398/therapy-resistant-septic-olecranon-bursitis-due-to-mycobacterium-gordonae
#17
Christian Konrads, Kilian Rückl, Mohammed El Tabbakh, Maximilian Rudert, Stefan Kircher, Piet Plumhoff
INTRODUCTION: Septic olecranon bursitis due to atypical mycobacteria is rare. An insidious beginning can delay diagnosis and treatment. Antibacterial therapy recommendations are not well-defined for bursitis caused by atypical mycobacteria. We present a rare case of olecranon bursitis caused by Mycobacterium gordonae, reporting our experiences regarding pathogen identification and antibiotic therapy, which differs from regimes used in common septic bursitis mostly caused by staphylococcus aureus...
2016: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886684/controversies-in-fractures-of-the-proximal-ulna
#18
REVIEW
Christopher M Hopkins, James H Calandruccio, Benjamin M Mauck
The olecranon process, coronoid process, and greater sigmoid notch are important components of the complex proximal ulna. Along with providing bony stability to the ulnohumeral joint, the proximal ulna serves as the attachment site of many important muscles and ligaments that impart soft tissue stability to the elbow joint. Management of proximal ulnar fractures continues to evolve as advances in imaging and anatomic and biomechanical studies have led to improvements in available implants; however, controversies remain, as shown in the current relevant literature...
January 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879149/increasing-amount-of-amyloid-are-associated-with-the-severity-of-clinical-features-in-hereditary-gelsolin-agel-amyloidosis
#19
Tiia Pihlamaa, Sinikka Suominen, Sari Kiuru-Enari, Maarit Tanskanen
BACKGROUND: Patients with hereditary gelsolin (AGel) amyloidosis (HGA) present with hanging skin (cutis laxa) and bilateral cranial neuropathy, and require symptomatic plastic surgery. Our clinical observation of tissue fragility prompted us to design a prospective study. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with HGA undergoing surgery were interviewed and clinically examined. The height and thickness of skin folds in standard anatomical localizations were measured. The presence and distribution of amyloid in skin samples were analyzed using Congo red staining and immunohistochemistry using antibodies against gelsolin amyloid (AGel) subunit...
December 2016: Amyloid: the International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876362/boxer-s-elbow-internal-impingement-of-the-coronoid-and-olecranon-process-a-report-of-seven-cases
#20
Paul M Robinson, Mike Loosemore, Adam C Watts
BACKGROUND: Boxer's elbow has been described in the literature as an extension and hyperextension injury. However, in our experience, there is a coexisting impingement lesion in the anterior compartment of the elbow that has not previously been described. We report a series of professional boxers with elbow disease treated arthroscopically. The aim of the paper was to accurately describe the pathoanatomy of the condition, the key points in its diagnosis, and the outcomes of surgical treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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