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Marco Ajello, Nicola Marengo, Giulia Pilloni, Federica Penner, Giovanni Vercelli, Federico Pecoraro, Francesco Zenga, Alexander R Vaccaro, Alessandro Ducati, Diego Garbossa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 14, 2016: World Neurosurgery
D Kojo Hamilton, Christopher Kong, Jayme Hiratzka, Alec G Contag, Tamir Ailon, Breton Line, Alan Daniels, Justin S Smith, Peter Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Daniel Sciubba, Douglas Burton, Christopher Shaffrey, Eric Klineberg, Gregory Mundis, Han-Jo Kim, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Justin Scheer, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Shay Bess, Robert Hart
STUDY DESIGN: This is a multicenter retrospective review of prospectively collected cases. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between patient satisfaction, HRQoL scores, complications, and radiographic measures at 2 years post-operative follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: For patients receiving operative management for adult spine deformity (ASD), the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measures, radiographic parameters, post-operative complications, and self-reported satisfaction remains unclear...
September 29, 2016: Spine
Leanda McKenna, Xavier Cornwall, Sian Williams
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation may be influenced by static body posture (sitting and standing) and contribute to the development of shoulder pain. Therefore a consistent body posture should be considered when assessing scapular orientation as well as enhancing optimal scapular positioning. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are differences in scapular orientation between standing, neutral sitting and habitual sitting, while adjusting for spinal posture. DESIGN: A single group randomised repeated measures study...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Bomma Yashwanth, Rajesh Pamanji, J Venkateswara Rao
This study outlines the toxic effects of Quinalphos (QP), an organophosphrous insecticide on the development of zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos, with special emphasis on toxicomorphomics and toxicokinetics of target enzyme, AChE. A range of concentrations was used to elucidate the median lethal concentration (LC50) of Quinalphos. Furthermore, embryos were exposed to two sub-lethal concentrations LC10 (0.66mg/L) and LC20 (1.12mg/L) along with a median lethal concentration (3.0mg/L) for 96h. Several morphological aberrations like lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis, heart edema, breaks in the neuronal tube and underdeveloped facial parts were noticed, which were of concentration and time dependent...
October 1, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Weixiang Sun, Jin Zhou, Xiaodong Qin, Leilei Xu, Xinxin Yuan, Yang Li, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
BACKGROUND: Recently, a grayscale inversion view was reported to improve intra- and inter-observer reliabilities in measuring coronal curvature with Cobb and pedicle methods in scoliosis patients. However, the grayscale transformation has never been applied to the measurements of spinopelvic parameters. The purpose of this study was to compare the measurement reliabilities of the spinoplevic sagittal parameters between the 'Standard View' and the 'Grayscale Inversion View' in normal adult populations...
October 3, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Akira Matsumura, Takashi Namikawa, Minori Kato, Tomonori Ozaki, Yusuke Hori, Noriaki Hidaka, Hiroaki Nakamura
The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical results of posterior corrective surgery using a multilevel transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with a rod rotation (RR) and to evaluate the segmental corrective effect of a TLIF using CT imaging. The medical records of 15 consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis (DLKS) who had undergone posterior spinal corrective surgery using a multilevel TLIF with an RR technique and who had a minimum follow-up of 2 years were retrospectively reviewed...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Valerio Vitale, Ferdinando Caranci, Chiara Pisciotta, Fiore Manganelli, Francesco Briganti, Lucio Santoro, Arturo Brunetti
BACKGROUND: Hirayama's disease (HD), is a benign, self-limited, motor neuron disease, characterized by asymmetric weakness and atrophy of one or both distal upper extremities. In the present study we report the clinical, electrophysiological and MRI features of a group of Italian patients, with review of the literature. Moreover we propose an optimized MRI protocol for patients with suspected or diagnosed HD in order to make an early diagnosis and a standardized follow up. METHODS: Eight patients with clinical suspicion of Hirayama disease underwent evaluation between January 2007 and November 2013...
August 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Erlick A C Pereira, Mohammad Farwana, Khai S Lam
Spinal stenosis and low-grade spondylolisthesis produce symptoms of neural compression that can be treated with extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion (XLIF) via indirect decompression. This study aimed to investigate whether the restoration of disc dimensions would relieve symptoms of radiculopathy, claudication and back pain. In this retrospective study, patients undergoing XLIF surgery for relief of radicular symptoms or degenerative disc disease were included. Radiologically proven changes were used to assess the modes of degeneration...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Catarina C Lins, Diego T Prado, Andrei F Joaquim
Surgical treatment is well accepted for patients with traumatic cervical facet joint dislocations (CFD), but there is uncertainty over which approach is better: anterior, posterior or combined. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the indications for anterior and posterior approaches in the management of CFD. Anterior approaches can restore cervical lordosis, and cause less postoperative pain and less wound problems. Posterior approaches are useful for direct reduction of locked facet joints and provide stronger fixation from a biomechanical point of view...
September 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Arnaud Dubory, Lotfi Miladi, Brice Ilharreborde, Jean-Marie Gennari, Jihane Rouissi, Christophe Glorion, Charles Henri Flouzat Lachaniette, Thierry Odent
PURPOSE: Anterior fusion is a well-established procedure for the treatment of Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This retrospective study aimed to assess preoperative and postoperative radiographic differences between the conventional anterior fusion and anterior short fusions (ASF) in Lenke 5C AIS. METHODS: Radiographic data of 42 consecutive cases of Lenke 5C AIS, which were surgically treated through anterior segmental fusion, were analyzed retrospectively...
October 4, 2016: European Spine Journal
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Slavica Arsova
AIM: To prevent and to treat nasal trauma in children properly, because it can lead to displacement or depression of the nasal bones or septum. Second, our aim was, for the patient to recognise and create a mature decision for eventual nose changes which will be made with the operative intervention or they are not mature enough and the decisions were made by their parents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was made at University Clinic for Ear, Nose and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Ss Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje in the period of 6 years (2005-2016)...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Hua Zhou, Zhong-Jun Liu, Shao-Bo Wang, Sheng-Fa Pan, Ming Yan, Feng-Shan Zhang, Yu Sun
Although several studies report various treatment solutions for cervical spondylotic myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy, long-term follow-up studies are very rare. None of the reported treatment solutions represent a gold standard for this disease owing to the small number of cases and lack of long-term follow-up. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laminoplasty with lateral mass screw fixation to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy from a single center...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Prashanth J Rao, Kevin Phan, Ralph J Mobbs, David Wilson, Jonathon Ball
BACKGROUND: Immobilization of the cervical spine is a cornerstone of spinal injury management. In the context of suspected cervical spine injury, patients are immobilized in a 'neutral position' based on the head and trunk resting on a flat surface. It is hypothesized that the increased thoracic kyphosis and loss of cervical lordosis seen in elderly patients may require alternative cervical immobilization, compared with the 'neutral position'. METHODS: To investigate this, an audit of pan-scan CT performed on consecutive major trauma patients aged over 65 years was carried out over a 6-month period...
March 2016: J Spine Surg
Ralph J Mobbs, Kevin Phan, Greg Malham, Kevin Seex, Prashanth J Rao
Degenerative disc and facet joint disease of the lumbar spine is common in the ageing population, and is one of the most frequent causes of disability. Lumbar spondylosis may result in mechanical back pain, radicular and claudicant symptoms, reduced mobility and poor quality of life. Surgical interbody fusion of degenerative levels is an effective treatment option to stabilize the painful motion segment, and may provide indirect decompression of the neural elements, restore lordosis and correct deformity. The surgical options for interbody fusion of the lumbar spine include: posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF), oblique lumbar interbody fusion/anterior to psoas (OLIF/ATP), lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) and anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF)...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Mouna Sghir, Mohamed Guedria, Marwa Maraoui, Wafa Haj Hamad, Wafa Said, Saida Jerbi, Wassia Kessomtini
OBJECTIVE: The femur aplasia is a congenital developmental defect of the femur often associated with malformations of the pelvis and lower limb. There are all intermediaries between the short femur and vestigial femoral. The total femur absence (agenesis) is rare. We report a case of a child followed in our Physical Medicine Department for proximal bilateral femoral agenesis. OBSERVATIONS: This is M.S., a 5 years old child, addressed for a waddling gait and a deformation of the trunk...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
R Price, M Okamoto, J C Le Huec, K Hasegawa
INTRODUCTION: Normal spino-pelvic values for patients with lumbarization of S1 have not been described in the literature. Presented are the normal values for this population group, the prevalence of S1 lumbarization, and the correlation between pelvic incidence (PI) and lumbar lordosis (LL) in this group. METHODS: Two databases of asymptomatic patients were combined to identify 11 patients with the lumbarization of S1. The whole spine images were used to measure the true prevalence rate...
September 26, 2016: European Spine Journal
Fei Wang, Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Yi-Lin Yang, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Yu-Shu Bai, Xian-Zhao Wei, Ming Li
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical and radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the radiographic change in CSA and identify the possible factors influencing the postoperative CSA in selective posterior TL/L curve correction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The correlation between the CSA and thoracic sagittal alignment (TSA) is a well-recognized phenomenon in patients with thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. However, little has been published about the influence of thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve instrumentation on CSA...
September 23, 2016: Spine
Zhonghai Li, Huadong Wang, Jiaguang Tang, Dongfeng Ren, Li Li, Shuxun Hou, Hailong Zhang, Tiesheng Hou
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical series. OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of 3 reconstructive techniques after the anterior decompression of 4-level CSM. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: At present, the decision to treat multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) especially 4-level CSM remains controversial. No one compares multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (mACDF), segmental anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (sACCF) to multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with cage alone (mACDF-CA) in 4-level constructs...
September 23, 2016: Spine
Senol Bekmez, Halil Gokhan Demirkiran, Ozgur Dede, Yunus Atici, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu, Moyo Kruyt, Timothy Ward, Muharrem Yazici
BACKGROUND: Pelvic incidence increases gradually throughout growth until skeletal maturity. Growing rod instrumentation has been suggested to have a stabilizing effect on the development of the normal sagittal spinal alignment. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of fixed sagittal plane caused by dual growing rod instrumentation on the natural progression of sagittal spinopelvic parameters in children with idiopathic or idiopathic-like early onset scoliosis. METHODS: Hospital records of children with growing rod instrumentation from 4 separate institutions were reviewed retrospectively...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Robert A Laird, Peter Kent, Jennifer L Keating
BACKGROUND: Comparing movements/postures in people with and without lower back pain (LBP) may assist identifying LBP-specific dysfunction and its relationship to pain or activity limitation. This study compared the consistency in lumbo-pelvic posture and movement (range and pattern) in people with and without chronic LBP (>12 week's duration). METHODS: Wireless, wearable, inertial measurement units measured lumbar lordosis angle, range of movement (ROM) and lumbo-pelvic rhythm in adults (n = 63)...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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