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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786825/the-comparison-of-arthroscopic-acromioplasty-with-and-without-acromioclavicular-coplaning
#1
Nuri Aydın, Barış Kocaoğlu, Ender Sarıoğlu, Okan Tok, Osman Güven
BACKGROUND: Coplaning means the removal of medial acromial spurs and inferior aspect of the distal clavicle. The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic acromioplasty with and without coplaning in patients without acromioclavicular (AC) joint arthritis. METHODS: Because of impingement syndrome, arthroscopic subacromial decompression and acromioplasty was performed in Group 1 (9 males/31 female). In addition, coplaning was performed in Group 2 (8 males/21 females) by two different surgeons...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785985/effect-of-wet-laboratory-training-on-resident-performed-manual-small-incision-cataract-surgery
#2
Soumya Ramani, Thanuja Gopal Pradeep, Divya D Sundaresh
Purpose: The aim of this study was to study the effect of wet-laboratory training on the surgical outcome of resident performed manual small-incision cataract surgery (MSICS). Methods: We conducted a retrospective, comparative observational study on resident performed MSICS in our institute. We collected data of 464 patients of which Group A had 232 cases performed by residents without prior wet-laboratory training and Group B had 232 resident performed cases after adequate skill training in the wet laboratory...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785966/novel-prep-less-x-ray-imaging-capsule-for-colon-cancer-screening-a-feasibility-study
#3
Nathan Gluck, Elizabeth E Half, Vered Bieber, Doron Schwartz, Yulia Ron, Ian Gralnek, Amir Klein, Jesse Lachter, Moshe Shoni Levy, Menachem Moshkowitz, Nadir Arber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785726/t2-hypointense-rim-of-breast-mass-lesions-on-magnetic-resonance-images-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#4
Kazuaki Nakashima, Takayoshi Uematsu, Takashi Sugino, Kaoru Takahashi, Seiichirou Nishimura, Yukiko Tadokoro, Tomomi Hayashi
We investigated the radiologic-pathologic correlation of a strong hypointense rim on T2-weighted images (T2-hypo-rim) surrounding breast mass lesions and evaluated its clinical significance. We retrospectively reviewed 3503 consecutive breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. The T2-hypo-rim was defined as a border of strong hypointensity compared with the fat signal on fat-suppressed T2-weighted images. Detected lesions with T2-hypo-rim were classified as a solid or cystic mass with MRI and correlated with histopathologic findings...
May 21, 2018: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785424/iron-nanoparticles-in-capsules-derived-from-mesoporous-silica-protected-prussian-blue-microcubes-for-efficient-selenium-removal
#5
Qingqing Wang, Yuye Zhao, Wei Luo, Weizhong Jiang, Jianwei Fan, Lianjun Wang, Wan Jiang, Wei-Xian Zhang, Jianping Yang
A spatially confined reduction strategy for the fabrication of small nanoparticles in a micro-box is reported, where iron nanoparticles with uniform diameter are highly distributed in a carbon matrix and surrounded by a mesoporous silica layer. Due to their unique confined nanostructure, the Fe/C@mSiO2 capsules could effectively remove and recycle Se(iv) from a low concentration solution.
May 22, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785304/application-of-25-mhz-b-scan-ultrasonography-to-determine-the-integrity-of-the-posterior-capsule-in-posterior-polar-cataract
#6
Yawen Guo, Chengzhe Lu, Bin Wu, Jianmin Gao, Jun Li, Xiaoyong Yuan, Xin Tang
Purpose: To report the application of 25 MHz B-scan ultrasonography (MHzB) to determine the integrity of the posterior capsule (PC) in posterior polar cataract (PPC). Methods: Patients with whom PPC was clinically diagnosed using slit lamp microscopy who underwent 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification were retrospectively reviewed. The status of the PC was determined by 25 MHzB before phacoemulsification and confirmed during cataract surgery. Results: In total, 21 eyes in 14 clinically diagnosed PPC patients were enrolled in this study...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784595/comparative-proteome-analysis-of-the-capsule-from-patients-with-frozen-shoulder
#7
Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masaru Mori, Kenji Kanazawa, Akira Ando, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Takuya Sekiguchi, Nobuyuki Itaya, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: The etiology of frozen shoulder (FS) is unclear. Accordingly, this study used a label-free quantitative shotgun proteomic approach to elucidate the pathogenesis of FS based on protein expression levels. METHODS: Tissue samples from the rotator interval (RI), middle glenohumeral ligament (MGHL), and anterior-inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) were collected from 12 FSs with severe stiffness and 7 shoulders with a rotator cuff tear (RCT) as controls...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783756/pre-clinical-and-clinical-efficiency-of-complexes-of-oligoribonucleotides-with-d-mannitol-against-respiratory-viruses
#8
Nataliia Melnichuk, Vladimir Zarubaev, Iaryna Iosyk, Mychaylo Andreychyn, Larisa Semernikova, Zenoviy Tkachuk
Oligoribonucleotides-D-mannitol (ORNs-D-M) complexes possess antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory actions. The aim of the present study was to evaluated an antiviral effect of ORNs-D-M against parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3); influenza CA709, PR834; avian influenza virus H5N2 (AIV) in vitro by a TCID50 ; hemadsorption and neuraminidase activity assays; and clinical efficiency of ORNs-D-M in patients with acute respiratory infections (ARIs) of various etiologies by PCR assay and AmpliSens test systems...
May 19, 2018: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782446/minimally-invasive-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-using-headless-screw-surgical-technique
#9
Elizabeth A Newman, Maria C Orbay, Fiesky A Nunez, Fiesky Nunez
Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthritis causes debilitating hand pain and instability leading to significant functional impairment. Arthrodesis remains the gold standard for treatment of PIP arthritis. We present a minimally invasive PIP arthrodesis that provides rigid fixation with a headless compression screw. Seven patients who presented to the senior author with PIP joint arthritis underwent PIP arthrodesis by minimally invasive technique. A 1 cm transverse incision is made over the PIP joint, incising skin, central band, and articular capsule...
June 2018: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782303/clindamycin-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-with-preferential-involvement-of-striae-distensae-a-koebner-phenomenon
#10
Benigno Monteagudo, Miguel Cabanillas, Pilar Iriarte, Aquilina Ramírez-Santos, Elvira León-Muinos, Daniel González-Vilas, Óscar Suárez-Amor
Clindamycin is a lincomycin-derived antibiotic useful for the treatment of anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections. Cutaneous adverse reactions are usually maculopapular exanthemas, although hypersensitivity syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have also been reported (1). We report the case of a patient with a maculopapular rash triggered by clindamycin who developed cutaneous lesions on striae distensae (SD). A 47-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for pruritic cutaneous lesions which had started 6 days earlier...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782007/intraportal-transplantation-of-pancreatic-islets-in-mouse-model
#11
Rahul Khatri, Birte Hussmann, Divya Rawat, Ali Osman Gürol, Thomas Linn
Pancreatic islet transplantation to reduce hyperglycemia is highly successful in rodents with chemically-induced diabetes. The most common transplantation site in experimental islet transplantation is the kidney capsule. However, as less is known about the interaction of pancreatic islets with blood constituents, it also makes sense to utilize the portal vein approach in experimental islet transplantation. This protocol demonstrates an intraportal islet transplantation technique in NMRI nude mice. Streptozotocin (180 mg/kg) is injected intraperitoneally to induce hyperglycemia in recipient mice...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781422/spirocerca-vulpis-sp-nov-spiruridae-spirocercidae-description-of-a-new-nematode-species-of-the-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-carnivora-canidae
#12
Alicia Rojas, Gloria Sanchis-Monsonís, Amer Alić, Adnan Hodžić, Domenico Otranto, Daniel Yasur-Landau, Carlos Martínez-Carrasco, Gad Baneth
Previous studies have reported nematodes of the Spirocercidae family in the stomach nodules of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) described as Spirocerca sp. or Spirocerca lupi (Rudolphi, 1819). We characterized spirurid worms collected from red foxes and compared them to S. lupi from domestic dogs by morphometric and phylogenetic analyses. Nematodes from red foxes differed from S. lupi by the presence of six triangular teeth-like buccal capsule structures, which are absent in the latter. Additionally, in female worms from red foxes, the distance of the vulva opening to the anterior end and the ratio of the glandular-to-muscular oesophagus lengths were larger than those of S...
May 21, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780949/two-cases-of-very-late-onset-capsular-bag-distension-syndrome
#13
Justin C Galvin, Paula Berdoukas, Adrian T Fung
Purpose: We present two cases of late-onset capsular bag distension syndrome (CBDS). Observations: Two female patients were referred with decreased visual acuity and blurred vision. They had both undergone uncomplicated phacoemulsification and intraocular lens implantation into the capsular bag, seven and 13 years prior.Slit-lamp biomicroscopy and anterior segment optical coherence tomography demonstrated milky fluid between the intraocular lens and posterior capsules, consistent with late-onset capsular bag distension syndrome...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780852/parkinson-s-patients-with-dyskinesia-switched-from-immediate-release-amantadine-to-open-label-ads-5102
#14
Stuart H Isaacson, Stanley Fahn, Rajesh Pahwa, Caroline M Tanner, Alberto J Espay, Claudia Trenkwalder, Charles H Adler, Rajiv Patni, Reed Johnson
Background: ADS-5102 (amantadine) extended release capsules (GOCOVRI™) are a treatment for dyskinesia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). ADS-5102 reduced dyskinesia and OFF time in phase 3 controlled trials of up to six months. Amantadine immediate release (IR) is used for dyskinesia, but suboptimal durability and tolerability limit its clinical utility. Methods: In an ongoing, open-label, phase 3 study in the US and Western Europe (NCT02202551), patients with PD received 274 mg of ADS-5102 (equivalent to 340 mg amantadine HCl) once daily at bedtime for up to two years...
March 2018: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780750/the-luxs-ai-2-quorum-sensing-system-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-is-required-to-cause-disease-and-to-regulate-virulence-and-metabolism-related-genes-in-a-rat-model-of-middle-ear-infection
#15
Mukesh K Yadav, Jorge E Vidal, Yoon Y Go, Shin H Kim, Sung-Won Chae, Jae-Jun Song
Objective: Streptococcus pneumoniae colonizes the nasopharynx of children, and from nasopharynx it could migrate to the middle ear and causes acute otitis media (AOM). During colonization and AOM, the pneumococcus forms biofilms. In vitro biofilm formation requires a functional LuxS/AI-2 quorum-sensing system. We investigated the role of LuxS/AI-2 signaling in pneumococcal middle ear infection, and identified the genes that are regulated by LuxS/AI-2 during pneumococcal biofilm formation. Methods: Streptococcus pneumoniae D39 wild-type and an isogenic D39Δ luxS strain were utilized to evaluate in vitro biofilm formation, and in vivo colonization and epithelial damage using a microtiter plate assay and a rat model of pneumococcal middle ear infection, respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780539/how-does-chiral-self-sorting-take-place-in-the-formation-of-homochiral-pd-6-l-8-capsules-consisting-of-cyclotriveratrylene-based-chiral-tritopic-ligands
#16
Shumpei Kai, Tatsuo Kojima, Flora L Thorp-Greenwood, Michaele J Hardie, Shuichi Hiraoka
The chiral self-sorting process during the self-assembly of homochiral Pd6 L8 capsules from cyclotriveratrylene (CTV)-based chiral tritopic ligands (L) and (Py*: 3-chloropyridine) was investigated by an NMR-based approach (QASAP: quantitative analysis of the self-assembly process). From the beginning to the formation of the immature capsules ( IC s), enantiomeric ligands are distributed in the intermediates in a non-self-sorting manner, which leads to the isomers of heterochiral IC s over 99% yield. The mismatch of the chirality in the heterochiral IC s prevents intramolecular ligand exchanges in IC s to form the heterochiral capsules...
May 7, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780132/a-japanese-case-of-cadasil-with-a-rare-mutation-in-exon-24-of-the-notch3-gene
#17
Yuka Ebihara, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Nobuyuki Ishii, Ikuko Mizuta, Kazutaka Shiomi, Toshiki Mizuno, Masamitsu Nakazato
A 50-year-old man with a family history of stroke and depression slowly developed brain lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed hyperintense lesions in the diffuse white matter, external capsules, and temporal poles on T2-weighted imaging. A heterozygous mutation c.3879C>G in exon 24 of the NOTCH3 gene (p.Cys1293Trp) was detected, confirming a diagnosis of cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). Exon 24 mutations are rather rare and this represents the first Japanese case of CADASIL...
May 18, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779845/effects-of-estradiol-on-lactoprivic-signaling-of-the-hindbrain-upon-the-contraregulatory-hormonal-response-and-metabolic-neuropeptide-synthesis-in-hypoglycemic-female-rats
#18
Santosh K Mandal, Prem K Shrestha, Fahaad S H Alenazi, Manita Shakya, Hussain N Alhamami, Karen P Briski
BACKGROUND: Caudal dorsomedial hindbrain detection of hypoglycemia-associated lactoprivation regulates glucose counter-regulation in male rats. In females, estradiol (E) determines hypothalamic neuroanatomical and molecular foci of hindbrain energy sensor activation. This study investigated the hypothesis that E signal strength governs metabolic neuropeptide and counter-regulatory hormone responses to hindbrain lactoprivic stimuli in hypoglycemic female rats. METHODS: Ovariectomized animals were implanted with E-filled silastic capsules [30 (E-30) or 300 μg (E-300)/mL] to replicate plasma concentrations at estrous cycle nadir versus peak levels...
May 17, 2018: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779816/omega-3-supplementation-effects-on-body-weight-and-depression-among-dieter-women-with-co-morbidity-of-depression-and-obesity-compared-with-the-placebo-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Maryam Chamari
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of the omega-3 supplementation on body weight and depression among women with co-morbidity of depression and obesity seeking weight reduction compared with the placebo. METHODS: Sixty five patients with co-morbidity of depression and overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 25) signed the informed consent form and enrolled into this 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical Trial. Subsequently, participants randomly assigned into one of the two groups receiving daily 6 capsules of omega-3 (each capsule containing 180 mg EPA, and 120 mg DHA) or 6 capsules of placebo (two with each meal)...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779696/preliminary-study-of-magnetically-controlled-capsule-gastroscopy-for-diagnosing-superficial-gastric-neoplasia
#20
Yang-Yang Qian, Shu-Guang Zhu, Xi Hou, Wei Zhou, Wei An, Xiao-Ju Su, Mark Edward McAlindon, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao
BACKGROUND: Magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG) is a newly developed non-invasive method designed for gastric examination. Although favorable diagnostic accuracy has been reported, there is little if any data about its ability to diagnose gastric cancer. AIMS: To compare the detectability of superficial gastric neoplasia by MCCG and gastroscopy. METHODS: This study was a self-controlled comparison study. Ten subjects diagnosed with superficial gastric neoplasia and scheduled to undergo endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) at a tertiary hospital were prospectively invited for an MCCG examination...
April 24, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
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