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venereal diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525592/neurosyphilis-increases-hiv-associated-central-nervous-system-inflammation-but-does-not-explain-cognitive-impairment-in-hiv-infected-individuals-with-syphilis
#1
Emily L Ho, Clare L Maxwell, Shelia B Dunaway, Sharon K Sahi, Lauren C Tantalo, Sheila A Lukehart, Christina M Marra
Background: HIV-infected individuals with previous syphilis have cognitive impairment. We tested the hypothesis that neurosyphilis causes cognitive impairment in HIV by amplifying HIV-related CNS inflammation. Methods: 132 HIV-infected participants enrolled in a study of CSF abnormalities in syphilis underwent the mental alternation test (MAT), venipuncture and lumbar puncture. CSF concentrations of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 10 (CXCL10), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) and neurofilament light (NFL) were determined by commercial assays...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499289/maternal-syphilis-an-independent-risk-factor-for-mother-to-infant-human-immunodeficiency-virus-transmission
#2
Aarti Kinikar, Nikhil Gupte, Jayalakshmi Bhat, Renu Bharadwaj, Vandana Kulkarni, Ramesh Bhosale, Katherine N McIntire, Vidya Mave, Nishi Suryavanshi, Sandesh Patil, Robert Bollinger, Amita Gupta
Syphilis is associated with increased human immunodeficiency virus acquisition and sexual transmission; we examined impact on human immunodeficiency virus mother-to-child transmission among mother-infant pairs enrolled in the India Six-Week Extended-Dose Nevirapine study. Maternal syphilis, diagnosed serologically using Venereal Disease Research Laboratory titer plus Treponema Pallidum Hemagglutination Assay, was associated with 2.5-fold greater risk.
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458428/a-study-of-the-use-of-drugs-in-patients-suffering-from-psoriasis-and-their-impact-on-quality-of-life
#3
V V Karamata, A M Gandhi, P P Patel, A Sutaria, M K Desai
OBJECTIVE: To study the use of drugs in patients suffering from psoriasis and their effect on quality of life (QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study carried out in newly diagnosed patient of psoriasis at Department of Pharmacology and Outpatient Department of Skin and Venereal diseases at tertiary care teaching hospital, and patients were divided into three groups: Group A: topical therapy alone, Group B: methotrexate with topical therapy, and Group C: cyclosporine with topical therapy...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439783/dourine-a-neglected-disease-of-equids
#4
REVIEW
Yonas Gizaw, Mulisa Megersa, Teka Fayera
Dourine is a venereal transmitted trypanosomosis causing a major health problem threatening equines worldwide. The origin and identification of Trypanosoma equiperdum within the subgenus Trypanozoon is still a subject of debate. Unlike other trypanosomal infections, dourine is transmitted almost exclusively by coitus. Diagnosis of dourine has continued to be a challenge, due to limited knowledge about the parasite and host-parasite interaction following infection. The pathological lesions caused by the diseases are poorly described and are observed mainly in the reproductive organs, in the nervous system, and on the skin...
April 24, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428299/draft-genome-sequence-of-tritrichomonas-foetus-strain-k
#5
Marlene Benchimol, Luiz G P de Almeida, Ana Tereza Vasconcelos, Ivone de Andrade Rosa, Maurício Reis Bogo, Luiza Wilges Kist, Wanderley de Souza
The protist Tritrichomonas foetus (Excavata, Parabasalia) is a parasite that causes bovine and feline trichomonosis. Bovine trichomonosis is a venereal disease that leads to abortion and reproductive problems in herds. Feline trichomonosis affects domestic cats. Here, we report the genome sequence of the T. foetus K strain, isolated in Brazil.
April 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381602/cerebrospinal-fluid-treponema-pallidum-particle-agglutination-assay-for-neurosyphilis-diagnosis
#6
Christina M Marra, Clare L Maxwell, Shelia B Dunaway, Sharon K Sahi, Lauren C Tantalo
BACKGROUND: Limited data suggest that the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Treponema pallidum particle agglutination assay (TPPA) is sensitive and a CSF Treponema pallidum hemagglutination assay (TPHA) titer ≥1:640 is specific for neurosyphilis diagnosis. METHODS: CSF-TPPA reactivity and titer were determined for a convenience sample of 191 CSFs from individuals enrolled in a study of CSF abnormalities in syphilis (training dataset). Sensitivity of a reactive test and specificity for reactivity at serial higher CSF dilutions was determined...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260751/sexual-lifestyle-risk-factors-and-socioeconomic-status-of-the-std-patients-in-bangladesh
#7
A K Nandi, K J Hossain, A S Islam
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are increasing alarmingly with time among the young-adults in Bangladesh. The objective of the study was to investigate Sexual lifestyle, Risk Factors and Socioeconomic Status of the STD Patients. A total of 205 STD patients were selected following convenient method of sampling consistent with defined selection criteria from outpatient department of Skin and Venereal Disease of Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh. Period of data collection was from July 2014 to June 2015...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230309/evaluation-of-positive-and-false-positive-results-in-syphilis-screening-of-blood-donors-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#8
V S Sandes, S G C Silva, I J F Motta, L G C Velarde, S R de Castilho
OBJECTIVES: We propose to analyse the positive and false-positive results of treponemal and nontreponemal tests in blood donors from Brazil and to evaluate possible factors associated with the results of treponemal tests. BACKGROUND: Treponemal tests have been used widely for syphilis screening in blood banks. The introduction of these tests in donor screening has caused an impact and a loss of donors who need to be assessed. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of syphilis screening and confirmatory test results of blood donors that were obtained before and after adopting a chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA)...
February 23, 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228097/alkaloid-extracts-from-combretum-zeyheri-inhibit-the-growth-of-mycobacterium-smegmatis
#9
Tafadzwa Nyambuya, Ruvimbo Mautsa, Stanley Mukanganyama
BACKGROUND: Current tuberculosis regimens have failed to combat the issue of drug resistance and ethno medicines may represent a possible source of antimycobacterial agents. Combretum species are well known in African traditional medicines and used for various ailments including pneumonia, venereal diseases like syphilis, mental problems, relief of sore throats and colds, fever, and chest coughs associated with tuberculosis. Alkaloids function as either hydrogen-acceptor or hydrogen-donor in hydrogen bonding critical for the interaction between targets thus, potentiating effects of curative agents on diseases...
February 23, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125925/an-unusual-case-of-reversible-mild-cognitive-impairment
#10
R K Mahajan, Shweta Sharma, Vikas Dhikav, K S Anand, Nandini Duggal
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is cognitive dysfunction greater than expected for age and education in either a single cognitive domain or in multiple domains without impairment of activities of daily living. The present case report describes the case of an elderly male patient of 71 years who presented with MCI and was Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test reactive in serum. This was confirmed by Treponema pallidum Hemagglutination Assay. After a complete course of antibiotic therapy, his memory complaints disappeared completely...
January 26, 2017: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118946/high-frequency-of-leptospiral-vaginal-carriers-among-slaughtered-cows
#11
A P Loureiro, C Pestana, M A Medeiros, W Lilenbaum
Bovine leptospirosis is one of the most important reproductive diseases that compromise the productivity of cattle farming. However, the presence of the agent on vaginal environment is still poorly understood in cattle. Considering this context, the present study aimed to detect the presence of pathogenic Leptospira sp. in vaginal fluid (VF) of cows. VF and urine were collected from 254 cows from a slaughterhouse for bacteriological culture and PCR (lipL32 gene). Overall, eleven pure culture (4.3%) of leptospiral isolates were obtained...
March 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110563/the-hexane-fraction-of-bursera-microphylla-a-gray-induces-p21-mediated-antiproliferative-and-proapoptotic-effects-in-human-cancer-derived-cell-lines
#12
Sabrina Adorisio, Alessandra Fierabracci, Giulia Gigliarelli, Isabella Muscari, Lorenza Cannarile, Anna Marina Liberati, Maria Carla Marcotullio, Carlo Riccardi, Massimo Curini, Ramon Enrique Robles Zepeda, Domenico V Delfino
Bursera microphylla (BM), one of the common elephant trees, is widely distributed in the Sonoran desert in Mexico. The Seri ethnic group in the Sonoran desert uses BM as an anti-inflammatory and painkiller drug for the treatment of sore throat, herpes labialis, abscessed tooth, and wound healing. Dried stems and leaves of BM are used in a tea to relieve painful urination and to stimulate bronchial secretion. Furthermore, BM is used for fighting venereal diseases. To investigate the effects of the hexane fraction of resin methanol extract (BM-H) on cell growth, the acute myeloid cell line (OCI-AML3) was treated with 250, 25, or 2...
January 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099323/anesthesia-and-databases-pediatric-cardiac-disease-as-a-role-model
#13
David F Vener, Sara K Pasquali, Emad B Mossad
Large data sets have now become ubiquitous in clinical medicine; they are particularly useful in high-acuity, low-volume conditions such as congenital heart disease where data must be collected from many centers. These data fall into 2 categories: administrative data arising from hospital admissions and charges and clinical data relating to specific diseases or procedures. In congenital cardiac diseases, there are now over a dozen of these data sets or registries focusing on various elements of patient care...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096307/-he-would-by-no-means-risque-his-reputation-patient-and-doctor-shame-in-daniel-turner-s-de-morbis-cutaneis-1714-and-syphilis-1717
#14
Emily Cock
This article offers a historical corollary to the examination of shame in medical practice by considering the negotiation of shame in the treatment of a stigmatised disease at a time in which surgeons themselves occupied a highly ambivalent social position. It will focus on case studies provided by Daniel Turner (1667-1741), prominent surgeon and later member of the College of Physicians, in his textbooks De Morbis Cutaneis. A Treatise of Diseases Incident to the Skin (1714) and Syphilis. A Practical Dissertation on the Venereal Disease (1717)...
January 17, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033081/clinical-databases-and-registries-in-congenital-and-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-cardiology-critical-care-and-anesthesiology-worldwide
#15
David F Vener, Michael Gaies, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sara K Pasquali
The growth in large-scale data management capabilities and the successful care of patients with congenital heart defects have coincidentally paralleled each other for the last three decades, and participation in multicenter congenital heart disease databases and registries is now a fundamental component of cardiac care. This manuscript attempts for the first time to consolidate in one location all of the relevant databases worldwide, including target populations, specialties, Web sites, and participation information...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998328/-apostles-of-continence-doctors-and-the-doctrine-of-sexual-necessity-in-progressive-era-america
#16
Timothy Verhoeven
In the first decades of the twentieth century, a group of doctors under the banner of the social hygiene movement set out on what seemed an improbable mission: to convince American men that they did not need sex. This was in part a response to venereal disease. Persuading young men to adopt the standard of sexual discipline demanded of women was the key to preserving the health of the nation from the ravages of syphilis and gonorrhoea. But their campaign ran up against the doctrine of male sexual necessity, a doctrine well established in medical thought and an article of faith for many patients...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993399/-boyer-s-conditions-hygi%C3%A3-niques-actuelles-de-beyrouth-current-sanitary-conditions-in-beirut-the-first-document-on-the-epidemiology-of-venereal-disease-in-lebanon
#17
I Maatouk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856515/very-high-incidence-of-syphilis-in-hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-buenos-aires-city-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
E Bissio, V Cisneros, G D Lopardo, L I Cassetti
BACKGROUND: The incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), particularly syphilis, is high and continues to rise among some populations, especially among men who have sex with men (MSM). Furthermore, a higher incidence of STIs has been reported in HIV-positive than in HIV-negative MSM. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of syphilis in a cohort of men with HIV in Buenos Aires city. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. We examined the records and visits made by men with HIV aged >18 years in our institution during a 1-year period...
November 17, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845266/psidium-guajava-l-from-ethnobiology-to-scientific-evaluation-elucidating-bioactivity-against-pathogenic-microorganisms
#19
REVIEW
Maria Flaviana B Morais-Braga, Joara Nalyda P Carneiro, Antonio Júdson T Machado, Antonia Thassya L Dos Santos, Débora L Sales, Luciene F Lima, Fernando G Figueredo, Henrique Douglas M Coutinho
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The use of popular plants has guided pharmaceutical research aimed at combating pathogenic microorganisms. Psidium guajava L. is a plant of great versatility and it has been used both as food and as a therapeutic agent. Root, bark, leaves, fruits, flowers and seeds are used for medicinal purposes, especially in infusions and decoctions for oral and topical use. P. guajava is utilized in symptomatology treatment related to organ malfunction and of diseases caused by the action of pathogenic and/or opportunistic microorganisms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818966/sexually-transmitted-infections-among-hospitalized-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-hiv-aids-in-zahedan-southeastern-iran
#20
Seyed Mohammad Hashemi-Shahri, Batool Sharifi-Mood, Hamid-Reza Kouhpayeh, Javad Moazen, Mohsen Farrokhian, Masoud Salehi
BACKGROUND: Studies show that nearly 40 million people are living with human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) around the world and since the beginning of the epidemic, about 35 million have died from AIDS. Heterosexual intercourse is the most common route for transmission of HIV infection (85%). People with a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as syphilis, genital herpes, chancroid, or bacterial vaginosis, are more likely to obtain HIV infection during sex...
September 2016: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
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