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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676865/detecci%C3%A3-n-de-treponema-pallidum-subespecie-pallidum-para-el-diagn%C3%A3-stico-de-s%C3%A3-filis-cong%C3%A3-nita-mediante-reacci%C3%A3-n-en-cadena-de-la-polimerasa-anidada
#1
Gladys Pinilla, Lesly Campos, Andrea Durán, Jeannette Navarrete, Liliana Muñoz
Introducción. La sífilis es una enfermedad producida por Treponema pallidum subespecie pallidum cuya incidencia mundial es de 12 millones de casos por año, aproximadamente; de estos, más de dos millones se presentan en mujeres gestantes, siendo la sífilis congénita la complicación más grave de esta infección en el embarazo.Objetivo. Detectar la presencia de T. pallidum subespecie pallidum en muestras clínicas para el diagnóstico de sífilis congénita mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) anidada y determinar su concordancia con las pruebas serológicas...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657394/ethnoveterinary-treatments-for-common-cattle-diseases-in-four-districts-of-the-southern-province-zambia
#2
Michelo Syakalima, Martin Simuunza, Victor Chisha Zulu
Aim: Ethno veterinary knowledge has rarely been recorded, and no or limited effort has been made to exploit this knowledge despite its widespread use in Zambia. This study documented the types of plants used to treat important animal diseases in rural Zambia as a way of initiating their sustained documentation and scientific validation. Materials and Methods: The study was done in selected districts of the Southern Zambia, Africa. The research was a participatory epidemiological study conducted in two phases...
February 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627335/on-site-detection-of-equid-alphaherpesvirus-3-in-perineal-and-genital-swabs-of-mares-and-stallions
#3
M A Vissani, M S Tordoya, Y-L Tsai, P-Y A Lee, Y-H Shen, F-C Lee, H-T T Wang, V Parreño, M Barrandeguy
Equine coital exanthema (ECE) is an infectious, venereally transmitted muco-cutaneous disease affecting mares and stallions, caused by equid alphaherpesvirus 3 (EHV3). Diagnostic tools for rapid identification of EHV3 are of primary importance to diminish the risk of EHV3 dissemination at the time of breeding. In the last years, it has been shown that the performance of the insulated-isothermal polymerase chain reaction (iiPCR) is comparable to virus isolation, nested PCR and real-time PCR (qPCR) in detecting pathogens of various animal species...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623213/a-case-of-oropharyngeal-ureaplasma-urealyticum-infection-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-bisexual-male-co-infected-with-human-papilloma-virus-and-treponema-pallidum
#4
Nazneen Arif Suri, Sujeesh Sebastian, Deepika Yadav, Neena Khanna, Benu Dhawan
Introduction: Management strategies for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in their extragenital forms address Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis alone; whereas increased rates of isolation of other STI agents have been reported from various parts of the world. Their extragenital presence as a reservoir of infection emphasizes the need to screen and treat them at these sites. Case presentation: A 35-year-old human immunodeficiency virus 1 infected bisexual male presented with urethral discharge and multiple ano-genital warts...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622067/-lipsch%C3%A3-tz-ulcus-as-a-differential-diagnosis-of-vulvar-ulcus
#5
Stine Kretzschmar Nielsen, Malou Eva Maria Pinto Barbosa
Lipschütz ulcus (LU) is a rare and probably underdiagnosed non-venereal disease, which usually presents in young women. It is characterised by an acute onset of influenza-like symptoms with painful, necrotic ulcerations on the vulva or lower vagina, and the aetiology and pathogenesis is unknown. The diagnosis is clinical after exclusion of other causes of vulvar ulcers. LU heals spontaneously within 4-6 weeks, and treatment is mainly symptomatic.
April 2, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621566/william-hunter-and-lymphatics
#6
Stuart W McDonald, David Russell
William Hunter along with his brother, John, and their colleagues William Hewson, William Cruikshank and John Sheldon made a large contribution to understanding of lymphatic vessels. Hewson, Cruikshank and Sheldon all carried out mercury injections and made much progress in mapping the distribution of lymphatics in the human body. William Hunter appreciated that lymphatics absorbed fluid from the tissues of the body and that lacteals of the intestine and lymphatics are similar structures. John Hunter carried out an elegant series of experiments that proved that lacteals absorb products of digestion...
April 2, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614610/-analysis-of-the-influential-factors-of-late-diagnosis-among-newly-identified-hiv-aids-cases-in-anhui-province-2011-2015
#7
L Jin, X L Cheng, Y Z Qin, B Su
Objective: To analyze the base situation and influential factors of late diagnosis among newly identified HIV/AIDS cases in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2015. Methods: Database information of the newly identified HIV/AIDS cases in Anhui Province from 2011 to 2015 were downloaded from the National HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Information System of China's disease prevention and control information system. To analyze the data including basic information, sample source, route of HIV transmission, population mobility, venereal disease, death and first CD4 count; and the number of 7 073 cases were classified according to late diagnosis and non-late diagnosis criteria...
April 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602529/neurosyphilis-as-a-cause-of-transverse-myelitis-in-a-teenage-girl
#8
Karen Kim Jo Yaphockun, Shannon Wai
BACKGROUND: Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that was nearly eradicated in 2001 but is now making a resurgence. It has a wide range of clinical manifestations depending on disease stage. Neurosyphilis is an infrequently seen infectious disease with central nervous system involvement that can occur in either early- or late-stage syphilis. The diagnosis of neurosyphilis is challenging, primarily because Treponema pallidum, the infecting organism, cannot be cultured in vitro...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513235/use-of-trichloroacetic-acid-for-management-of-oral-lesions-caused-by-human-papillomavirus
#9
Martha Carmona Lorduy, Jonathan Harris Ricardo, Yurtiza Hernández Arenas, Wanda Medina Carmona
The human papillomavirus (HPV) has an affinity for squamous cells of stratified keratinized epithelium, thus affecting the lower genital, nasal, and oral tracts. In the oral cavity, HPV is associated with pathoses such as the verruca vulgaris (common wart), squamous cell papilloma, condyloma acuminatum (venereal wart), and focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck disease). Among the treatments available for these lesions are cryotherapy, electrosurgery, surgical removal, laser therapy, and trichloroacetic acid (TCA)...
March 2018: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482701/a-young-boy-with-persistent-nodules-and-hoarseness-a-rare-presentation-of-nodular-secondary-syphilis
#10
Rabia Ghafoor, Muhammad Irfan Anwar
Syphilis is a venereal disease caused by treponema pallidum, historically known as "great mimicker" because of its variable presentations. Secondary syphilis usually presents with maculopapular or papulosquamous rash. Rare manifestations include papulonodular, annular and lichenoid lesions. Nodules are usually found in benign tertiary syphilis. We present a case of a young boy who presented with five months' history of nodular skin lesions and hoarseness of voice. Venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL) was initially negative owing to prozone phenomenon...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454847/bejel-in-cuba-molecular-identification-of-treponema-pallidum-subsp-endemicum-in-patients-diagnosed-with-venereal-syphilis
#11
Angel A Noda, Linda Grillová, Reto Lienhard, Orestes Blanco, Islay Rodríguez, David Šmajs
OBJECTIVES: Bejel, caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. endemicum (TEN), was until now considered as a non-venereal disease endemic in areas with hot and dry climates. This study has identified TEN in clinical samples from Cuban patients previously diagnosed with syphilis. METHODS: We performed sequencing-based molecular typing on 92 samples from Cuban patients diagnosed with syphilis. Moreover, to differentiate T. pallidum subspecies, Multi-Locus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) was designed, and applied to suspicious samples...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398753/evaluation-of-psychopathology-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-anogenital-wart-compared-to-control-group
#12
Mahsa Nahidi, Yalda Nahidi, Ali Saghebi, Golsan Kardan, Lida Jarahi, Behzad Aminzadeh, Pardis Shojaei, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar
Anogenital warts (AGW) are one of the most common venereal diseases. Psychosocial complications and quality of life (QoL) of AGW patients have been considered only in recent years. Herein, the QoL and psychopathology in patients with AGW are evaluated. In total, 37 AGW patients and 37 healthy controls were recruited in the present cross-sectional study. All participants were provided with the symptom checklist 90-R (SCL-90-R) and short-form (SF-36) questionnaires. All analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version 16...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387905/-venereal-diseases-in-a-general-practice-in-the-17th-and-early-18th-centuries
#13
REVIEW
F Fries, H J Winckelmann
The diary of the town physician Johannes Franc (1649-1725), handwritten in Latin, gives-among other diseases-an overview of sexually transmitted infections affecting citizens in Ulm such as syphilis and gonorrhea. Franc reported on his own experiences in the diary and also included many theoretical details on the causes of the diseases and the corresponding therapies, including ethical considerations. Even in ancient times, there are indications of venereal diseases. However, at the latest with the outbreak of syphilis around the year 1495, the treatment and control of the spread of venereal diseases became an important task of medicine...
January 31, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368629/evidence-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-pedv-shedding-in-semen-from-infected-specific-pathogen-free-boars
#14
Sarah Gallien, Angélique Moro, Gérald Lediguerher, Virginie Catinot, Frédéric Paboeuf, Lionel Bigault, Mustapha Berri, Phillip C Gauger, Nathalie Pozzi, Edith Authié, Nicolas Rose, Béatrice Grasland
In 2013, PED emerged for the first time in the United States (US). The porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) spread quickly throughout North America. Infection with PEDV causes watery diarrhea and up to 100% mortality in piglets, particularly for highly pathogenic non-InDel strains circulating in the US. PEDV is mainly transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Transmission via the venereal route has been suspected but not previously investigated. The aim of the study was to determine if PEDV could be detected in semen from infected specific pathogen-free (SPF) boars inoculated with a PEDV US non-InDel strain suggesting venereal transmission may occur...
January 24, 2018: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284903/correlation-between-quality-of-life-and-depression-among-persons-suffering-from-psoriasis
#15
Jasmina Mahmutovic, Mufida Zukic, Arzija Pasalic, Suada Brankovic, Amila Jaganjac, Bakir Katana
Introduction: Chronic dermatitis is a major sociomedical issue still being marginalized due to generally accepted view that skin diseases are less of a health problem than is the case with diseases of other organs and organ systems for they are not life-threatening. Measurement of quality of life of persons suffering from psoriasis could become an important factor in assessing the success of treatment and modern aspect of integration of the diseased into the planning of therapeutic procedures, monitoring of their outcomes and improving the quality of treatment...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283125/factors-affecting-the-serological-testing-of-cadaveric-donor-cornea
#16
Anuradha Raj, Garima Mittal, Harsh Bahadur
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the serological profile of the eye donors and to study the influence of various factors on serological test results. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted, and data of 509 donors were reviewed from the records of eye bank from December 2012 to June 2017. Various details of donors analyzed included the age, sex of the donor, cause of death, source of tissue, time since blood collection after death, macroscopic appearance of blood sample, and details of discarded tissues...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282048/exploring-factors-associated-with-the-uneven-utilization-of-telemedicine-in-norway-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
H Alami, M P Gagnon, R Wootton, J P Fortin, P Zanaboni
BACKGROUND: Norway has a long history of using telemedicine, especially for geographical reasons. Despite the availability of promising telemedicine applications and the implementation of national initiatives and policies, the sustainability and scaling-up of telemedicine in the health system is still far from accomplished. The main objective of this study was to explore and identify the multi-level (micro, meso and macro) factors affecting telemedicine utilization in Norway. METHODS: We used a mixed methods approach...
December 28, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276188/treating-the-secret-disease-sex-sin-and-authority-in-eighteenth-century-venereal-cases
#18
Olivia Weisser
This article looks at cases of venereal disease from the early 1700s and how healers presented themselves as shrewd interpreters of patients' bodies and souls. Because the disease was so stigmatizing, patients were said to be unreliable narrators of their own symptoms and health histories. Practitioners, in turn, exhibited diagnostic expertise by sagely navigating such constraints. They characterized themselves as medical detectives who gathered clues and made diagnoses in spite of patients' alleged lies and omissions...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235378/the-hexane-fraction-of-bursera-microphylla-a-gray-induces-p21-mediated-anti-proliferative-and-pro-apoptotic-effects-in-human-cancer-derived-cell-lines
#19
Sabrina Adorisio, Alessandra Fierabracci, Giulia Gigliarelli, Isabella Muscari, Lorenza Cannarile, Anna Marina Liberati, Maria Carla Marcotullio, Carlo Riccardi, Massimo Curini, Ramon Enrique Robles Zepeda, Domenico V Delfino
Bursera microphylla (BM), one of the common elephant trees, is widely distributed in the Sonoran Desert in Mexico. The Seri ethnic group in the Sonoran Desert uses BM as an anti-inflammatory and painkiller drug for the treatment of sore throat, herpes labialis, abscessed tooth, and wound healing. Dried stems and leaves of BM are used in a tea to relieve painful urination and to stimulate bronchial secretion. Furthermore, BM is used for fighting venereal diseases. To investigate the effects of the hexane fraction of resin methanol extract (BM-H) on cell growth, the acute myeloid cell line (OCI-AML3) was treated with 250, 25, or 2...
March 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207467/review-of-ethnomedicinal-uses-phytochemistry-and-pharmacological-properties-of-euclea-natalensis-a-dc
#20
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Euclea natalensis is traditionally used as herbal medicine for several human diseases and ailments in tropical Africa. This study reviews information on ethnomedicinal uses, botany, phytochemical constituents, pharmacology and toxicity of E. natalensis . Results of this study are based on literature search from several sources including electronic databases, books, book chapters, websites, theses and conference proceedings. This study showed that E. natalensis is used as traditional medicine in 57.1% of the countries where it is indigenous...
December 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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