Read by QxMD icon Read

paediatric dermatology

Geetha Anand, Grace Vasallo, Maria Spanou, Saumya Thomas, Michael Pike, Didu Sanduni Kariyawasam, Sanjay Mehta, Allyson Parry, Juliette Durie-Gair, James Nicholson, Karine Lascelles, Vanessa Everett, Frances Mary Gibbon, Nicola Jarvis, John Elston, Dafydd Gareth Evans, Dorothy Halliday
OBJECTIVE: Onset of symptoms in severe sporadic neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) is typically within childhood; however, there is poor awareness of presenting features in young children, potentially resulting in delayed diagnosis and poorer outcome. We have reviewed presentation of sporadic paediatric NF2 to raise awareness of early features, highlighting those requiring further investigation. DESIGN: Patients diagnosed with NF2 at age ≤16 and seen between 2012 and 2015 were notified via the British Paediatric Neurology Surveillance Unit or identified through the English NF2 service...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Venkataramana Kandi, Parimala Reddy Basireddy
Introduction Medical education involves training necessary to become a physician or a surgeon. This includes various levels of training like undergraduate, internship, and postgraduate training. Medical education can be quite complex, since it involves training in pre-clinical subjects (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry), the para-clinical subjects (microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and forensic medicine), and a discrete group of clinical subjects that include general medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ear, nose and throat specialization, paediatrics, cardiology, pulmonology, dermatology, ophthalmology, and orthopaedics, and many other clinical specializations and super specialities (cardio-thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, etc...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
Khadija Sellami, Meriem Amouri, Sana Kmiha, Emna Bahloul, Hajer Aloulou, Lamia Sfaihi, R Guirat, Madiha Mseddi, T Kamoun, Mongia Hachicha, Hamida Turki
Background: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is a widely used vaccine. Management of local BCG complications differs between clinicians, and the optimal approach remains unclear. Aims: We aim to describe the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of the BCG vaccine side effects in Sfax. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all the cases of BCG vaccine adverse reactions recorded in the Dermatology and Paediatrics Departments of Hedi Chaker University Hospital of Sfax over a period of 10 years (2005-2015)...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Jill M Bowman Peterson, Briar Duffy, Alisa Duran, Sophia P Gladding
BACKGROUND: Current health care costs are unsustainable, with a large percentage of waste attributed to doctor practices. Medical educators are developing curricula to address value-based care (VBC) in education. There is, however, a paucity of curricula and assessments addressing levels higher than 'knows' at the base of Miller's pyramid of assessment. Our objective was to: (1) teach residents the principles of VBC using active learning strategies; and (2) develop and pilot a tool to assess residents' ability to apply principles of VBC at the higher level of 'knows how' on Miller's pyramid...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Teacher
J Mashiah, A Harel, C Bodemer, S Hadj-Rabia, I Goldberg, E Sprecher, A Kutz
BACKGROUND: Most cases of paediatric cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) occur before the age of 2 years, and regression occurs in only 67% of children. Given the absence of any specific therapy, CM is usually treated symptomatically. A few publications have reported the beneficial effect of calcineurin inhibitors for CM. AIM: We sought to evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety profile of topical pimecrolimus cream for the treatment of CM. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all diagnosed cases of CM treated with topical pimecrolimus 1% cream between 2013 and 2015...
February 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
Matteo Bottai, Anna Tjärnlund, Giola Santoni, Victoria P Werth, Clarissa Pilkington, Marianne de Visser, Lars Alfredsson, Anthony A Amato, Richard J Barohn, Matthew H Liang, Jasvinder A Singh, Rohit Aggarwal, Snjolaug Arnardottir, Hector Chinoy, Robert G Cooper, Katalin Danko, Mazen M Dimachkie, Brian M Feldman, Ignacio García-De La Torre, Patrick Gordon, Taichi Hayashi, James D Katz, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Peter A Lachenbruch, Bianca A Lang, Yuhui Li, Chester V Oddis, Marzena Olesinka, Ann M Reed, Lidia Rutkowska-Sak, Helga Sanner, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan, Yeong Wook Song, Jiri Vencovsky, Steven R Ytterberg, Frederick W Miller, Lisa G Rider, Ingrid E Lundberg
Objective: To describe the methodology used to develop new classification criteria for adult and juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) and their major subgroups. Methods: An international, multidisciplinary group of myositis experts produced a set of 93 potentially relevant variables to be tested for inclusion in the criteria. Rheumatology, dermatology, neurology and paediatric clinics worldwide collected data on 976 IIM cases (74% adults, 26% children) and 624 non-IIM comparator cases with mimicking conditions (82% adults, 18% children)...
2017: RMD Open
Maria Fotopoulou, Maria Iordanidou, Eleni Vasileiou, Grigorios Trypsianis, Athanasios Chatzimichael, Emmanouil Paraskakis
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common, chronic or chronically relapsing inflammatory skin diseases that affect children. Multiple genetic and environmental factors appear to regulate the pathogenesis of AD. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the possible association between family, social, dieting, atopic and environmental factors and the severity of AD evaluated by SCORAD scores in children. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study group included 100 children with AD who attended a paediatric dermatology outpatient clinic with a median age of 18...
November 24, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
Makoura Barro, Jean W Diallo, Ad Bafa Ibrahim Ouattara, Boubacar Nacro
Vitiligo is a dermatological disease; its exact prevalence is unknown among the paediatric population. We are reporting a case of vitiligo at birth for the first time in Burkina Faso, in the Teaching Hospital Souro Sanou of Bobo-Dioulasso, Paediatric Department. He is a male child, born from HIV-1 positive parents; we received him when he was 2 months to be followed in connection with the prevention of motherto-child transmission. He showed achromic lesions on the skin and on skin appendages at birth. In addition to congenital vitiligo we mentioned, several diagnostic hypotheses were discussed...
October 6, 2017: Pediatric Reports
Ingrid E Lundberg, Anna Tjärnlund, Matteo Bottai, Victoria P Werth, Clarissa Pilkington, Marianne de Visser, Lars Alfredsson, Anthony A Amato, Richard J Barohn, Matthew H Liang, Jasvinder A Singh, Rohit Aggarwal, Snjolaug Arnardottir, Hector Chinoy, Robert G Cooper, Katalin Dankó, Mazen M Dimachkie, Brian M Feldman, Ignacio Garcia-De La Torre, Patrick Gordon, Taichi Hayashi, James D Katz, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Peter A Lachenbruch, Bianca A Lang, Yuhui Li, Chester V Oddis, Marzena Olesinska, Ann M Reed, Lidia Rutkowska-Sak, Helga Sanner, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan, Yeong-Wook Song, Jiri Vencovsky, Steven R Ytterberg, Frederick W Miller, Lisa G Rider
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate new classification criteria for adult and juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and their major subgroups. METHODS: Candidate variables were assembled from published criteria and expert opinion using consensus methodology. Data were collected from 47 rheumatology, dermatology, neurology and paediatric clinics worldwide. Several statistical methods were used to derive the classification criteria. RESULTS: Based on data from 976 IIM patients (74% adults; 26% children) and 624 non-IIM patients with mimicking conditions (82% adults; 18% children), new criteria were derived...
December 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
M D De Silva
Introduction: The Ministry of Health is the largest health care provider in Sri Lanka in terms of funding, coverage and human resources. Long duration and high training cost of a medical specialist highlights the importance of health human resource planning. Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka has no scientific cadre planning for medical specialists. Methods: System dynamics, an analytical modelling approach and a methodology for studying complex feedback systems was used...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
Mario Pasquetti, Anna Rita Molinar Min, Stefania Scacchetti, Andrea Dogliero, Andrea Peano
Microsporum canis is a dermatophyte fungus of which cats and dogs are recognized as the natural hosts. M. canis is also easily transmitted to humans, causing lesions to the glabrous skin (tinea corporis) and to the head (tinea capitis). The present study describes some cases of infection with M. canis in children from a veterinary perspective, highlighting some important features of this clinical entity (e.g., the necessity to identify the animal source of infection with appropriate diagnostic tests; the fact that infected cats may present with no or atypical dermatological signs; and the importance of the environment as a fungal reserve)...
September 19, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
Zsanett Renáta Csoma, Szandra Dalmády, Rita Ábrahám, Tamás Rózsa, Katalin Rácz, Lajos Kemény
INTRODUCTION: Infantile haemangiomas are the most common vascular tumours of infancy. The vast majority of the lesions do not require dermatological treatment due to their unique clinical course and the high rate of spontaneous regression. Approximately 10-15% of the tumours result in severe complications and sequale, requiring special management and close follow-up. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the data of the patients treated with infantile haemangiomas, and to summarize the results of the therapy during 4...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Michelle Sy Ng, Shiyun Tan, Nicole Hq Chan, Alice Yw Foong, Mark Ja Koh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common condition affecting up to 20% of the paediatric population in Singapore. It is often associated with significant psychosocial morbidity and can affect patients' quality of life (QOL) tremendously. This study investigated the varying lifestyle impacts, and psychosocial domains most affected by AD in adolescent children in Singapore. METHODS: A prospective study evaluating the impact of AD on the QOL of adolescents was conducted over a 6-month period from July to December 2014...
August 24, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
T F Leung, S S Wang, F Yy Kwok, L Ws Leung, C M Chow, K L Hon
INTRODUCTION: Dietary restrictions are common among patients with eczema, and such practice may lead to diminished bone mineral density. This study investigated dietary intake and bone mineral density in Hong Kong Chinese children with eczema. METHODS: This cross-sectional and observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Chinese children aged below 18 years with physician-diagnosed eczema were recruited from our paediatric allergy and dermatology clinics over a 6-month period in 2012...
October 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Rajat Dhingra, Jolly Rohatgi, Upreet Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Colour vision of candidates is tested in many medical colleges in India at the time of admission to undergraduate courses; however, there are no guidelines, and therefore no counselling, on how students with congenital colour vision deficiency (CCVD) should negotiate the medical course, and how best they can practise safely after graduation. Problems in interpreting coloured signs may lead to misdiagnosis. This study aimed to explore difficulties during clinical work that requires colour discrimination, and to offer suggestions on safe practice based on the findings and a review of the literature...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
M Augustin, L Eissing, P Elsner, K Strömer, I Schäfer, A Enk, M Reusch, R Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other European countries, dermatologists in Germany provide healthcare for a broad spectrum of diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. Current population-based data on the perception of dermatology were lacking to date. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the perception of dermatology from the general population's perspective with regard to utilization, satisfaction, and responsibility. METHODS: Nation-wide survey on awareness, utilization, rating, and image of dermatology in Oct/2014 through computer-assisted telephone interviews on a representative sample of the adult general population (n = 1,015), performed by the FORSA institute...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Charalambos Neocleous, Eleni Andonopoulou, Alkistis Adramerina, Antigoni Pegkou, Olga Savelieva, Petroula Georgiadou, Ioannis Drikos
OBJECTIVE: Extravasation of intravenously infused vesicant solutions is a common problem in medical practice, which can lead to severe and progressive tissue dysfunction, ranging from persistent tissue oedema and fibrosis to delayed tissue necrosis. Acyclovir is a known vesicant medication administrated in paediatric patients, which appears to irritate venous and soft tissue if extravasated. CASE REPORT: We present the first case involving the extravasation of intravenously infused acyclovir in a female adolescent patient, which caused tissue necrosis and left behind a residual scar lesion...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
Emily Hansen-Kiss, Sarah Beinkampen, Brent Adler, Thomas Frazier, Thomas Prior, Steven Erdman, Charis Eng, Gail Herman
OBJECTIVE: It is recognised that 5% - 10 % of children with macrocephaly and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or intellectual disability (ID) have a heterozygous pathogenic mutation in the PTEN tumour suppressor gene that is associated with PTEN hamartoma tumour syndrome. However, the clinical features and course in children with a pathogenic PTEN mutation are unclear and have not been well documented. STUDY OBJECTIVES: We undertook a retrospective chart review of children (< 18  years) with pathogenic PTEN mutations to ascertain clinical findings, clinical course and possible outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
M-S Lê, M-A Richard, K Baumstarck, S Hesse, C Gaudy-Marqueste, J-J Grob, S Mallet
BACKGROUND: Scabies has been on the rise in France in recent years and has posed therapeutic problems, mainly due to the withdrawal of benzyl benzoate. The objective of this study was to describe prescribing practices for scabies in children. METHODS: A national survey was conducted by means of a standardized questionnaire covering various clinical situations of scabies and the drugs used preferentially according to age, which was sent out between December 2014 and March 2015 to members of the clinical research group of the French Society of Paediatric Dermatology...
April 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Paola Sgubbi, Francesco Savoia, Emi Dika, Iria Neri, Pier A Fanti, Annalisa Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is an infrequent neoplasm in children and adolescents. The number of consultancies for melanocytic nevi control in the paediatric population is increased by the major anxiety of parents and paediatricians. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in order to evaluate the incidence rate of melanoma, Spitz nevi, congenital and acquired melanocytic nevi in patients aged 14 years or less and referred to our institution from April 2010 to September 2015...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"