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paediatric dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045204/increased-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-young-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-immunomodulatory-therapy-a-retrospective-single-centre-cohort-study
#1
J Clowry, J Sheridan, R Healy, S Deady, D Keegan, K Byrne, G Cullen, H Mulcahy, H Comber, A C Parnell, G Doherty, A Lally
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in immunosuppressed patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Concurrently, paediatric IBD incidence is rising, with more patients now exposed to immunomodulators from a younger age. OBJECTIVES: To investigate NMSC incidence and to examine the risk associated with immunomodulators in the development of NMSC in patients with IBD. METHODS: This was a retrospective single centre cohort study...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044348/early-recognition-and-detection-of-juvenile-psoriatic-arthritis-a-call-for-a-standardized-approach-to-screening
#2
E Burden-Teh, K S Thomas, S Rangaraj, J Cranwell, R Murphy
BACKGROUND: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommend annual screening for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in all patients with psoriasis. Currently, no validated assessment tools have been recommended for screening for juvenile PsA (JPsA). AIM: To determine dermatologists' practice when assessing children's joints and explore the challenges dermatologists experience when looking for joint disease, in order to inform future strategies to improve early detection of arthritis...
January 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041748/keeping-pace-with-the-media-giant-hogweed-burns-a-case-series-and-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Benjamin G Baker, James Bedford, Suryakant Kanitkar
Phytophotodermatitis is almost exclusively reported in the dermatological literature, but may progress to a chemical burn. There has been widespread media reporting during the summer of 2015 of burns caused by giant hogweed. However, there is a lack of awareness of this mechanism of injury amongst the burn multidisciplinary team, and there have been no published articles in the surgical literature regarding plant burns, other than sporadic case reports, for 20 years. We present a comprehensive review of plant burns and three cases from our adult and paediatric Burn Centres of burns caused by giant hogweed...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983745/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Hilde Randa, Tanja Todberg, Lone Skov, Lotte S Larsen, Robert Zachariae
Studies demonstrating the negative impact of paediatric psoriasis on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are accumulating, but little is known about moderators of HRQOL. The objectives of this review were to summarize studies on HRQOL in paediatric psoriasis and to explore the potential moderating influences of demographic and clinical variables. Searches were conducted by 2 independent researchers in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus for papers published between 1995 (the date the first dermatology-specific HRQOL-instrument for children was introduced) and 2016...
December 16, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873736/amber-necklaces-reasons-for-use-and-awareness-of-risk-associated-with-bacterial-colonisation
#5
Pauline Machet, Philippe Lanotte, Bruno Giraudeau, Marie Leperlier, Elsa Tavernier, Annabel Maruani
Parents are increasingly placing amber necklaces on their infants or toddlers to prevent teething pain. The use of the necklaces can pose a risk of death by strangulation, however, there are no data on the potential infectious risk linked to bacterial colonisation associated with the necklaces. We aimed to analyse bacterial colonisation of amber necklaces worn by children during hospital consultations. This prospective observational study included all children wearing a teething necklace at consultation in the Paediatric Dermatology and the Paediatric Emergency Department of our hospital from April to December 2014...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768987/parental-child-and-adolescent-experience-of-chronic-skin-conditions-a-meta-ethnography-and-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#6
REVIEW
Kate Ablett, Andrew R Thompson
Childhood skin conditions can affect the quality of life of children, adolescents, and families. As such, paediatric dermatological conditions have been the focus of a number of qualitative studies and there is now a need to integrate the findings. A meta-ethnography was carried out with the existing 12 studies, which included nine studies examining parental experiences and three studies of child experiences. Meta-ethnographic analysis of the studies identified themes focused on the child's sense of stigmatisation and the challenges for families that arose from this...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693983/parenting-and-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-relationships-between-parenting-behaviour-skin-care-management-and-disease-severity-in-young-children
#7
Amy E Mitchell, Jennifer A Fraser, Alina Morawska, Joanne Ramsbotham, Patsy Yates
BACKGROUND: The development of child behaviour and parenting difficulties is understood to undermine treatment outcomes for children with atopic dermatitis. Past research has reported on correlates of child behaviour difficulties. However, few research studies have sought to examine parenting confidence and practices in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between child, parent, and family variables, parent-reported and directly-observed child and parent behaviour, parents' self-efficacy with managing difficult child behaviour, self-reported parenting strategies, and disease severity...
December 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650144/cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndrome-in-australian-children-and-adults-epidemiological-clinical-and-treatment-characteristics
#8
Sam Mehr, Roger Allen, Christina Boros, Navid Adib, Alyson Kakakios, Paul J Turner, Maureen Rogers, Yvonne Zurynski, Davinder Singh-Grewal
AIM: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) encapsulate three auto-inflammatory conditions, ranging in severity from mild (familial cold auto-inflammatory syndrome: FCAS), moderate (Muckle-Wells syndrome: MWS) and severe (neonatal onset multi-inflammatory disorder: NOMID). We aimed to describe the epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of Australian children and adults with CAPS. METHODS: Patients were identified and clinical data collected through a questionnaire sent during 2012-2013 to clinicians reporting to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit and subscribing to the Australasian Societies for Allergy/Immunology, Rheumatology and Dermatology...
September 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551173/dermatological-findings-in-turkish-paediatric-haematology-oncology-patients
#9
Umit Uksal, Pinar Ozturk, Emine Colgecen, Nazan Taslidere, Turkan Patiroglu, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Murat Borlu
OBJECTIVE: Diagnoses of skin, mucosae, hair and nail manifestations in malignant diseases are often challenging because of life-threatening drug reactions, opportunistic infections or skin involvement of primary processes. Description of morphology, configuration and distribution of lesions is important in order to differentiate the self-healing eruptions from serious side effects of chemotherapy. There are case reports from Turkey including dermatological manifestations of malignancies and case series in adult patients but there are no published large group studies assessing all manifestations in children...
June 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540225/how-well-do-outpatient-prescriptions-adhere-to-good-antimicrobial-stewardship
#10
Hirminder Ubhi, Mitul Patel, Lisa Ludwig
AIM: Aims of the study included evaluation of outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices relating to good Antimicrobial Stewardship1 focusing on documentation of indication and duration. METHOD: Prescriptions dispensed at the Outpatient Pharmacy over a 6 week were evaluated. Data collected include patient's hospital identification in full, the antibiotic prescribed, duration of treatment, indication (in a specifically allocated area on the prescription) and route of administration, prescriber speciality and grade...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512360/thyroid-abnormalities-in-paediatric-patients-with-vitiligo-retrospective-study
#11
Demet Kartal, Murat Borlu, Salih Levent Çınar, Ayten Kesikoğlu, Serap Utaş
INTRODUCTION: The association between vitiligo and thyroid disease is not fully investigated especially in paediatric patients. AIM: To determine the incidence of vitiligo and thyroid disorders in children. This is the first report from middle Anatolia and the second report from Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to examine the presence of thyroid abnormalities in paediatric patients who had been admitted to the dermatology department with vitiligo...
June 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435804/monitoring-recommendations-for-oral-azathioprine-methotrexate-and-cyclosporin-in-a-paediatric-dermatology-clinic-and-literature-review
#12
Joy Yee, David Orchard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Systemic oral immunomodulators azathioprine, methotrexate and cyclosporin are widely used in paediatric dermatology. Routine blood tests are performed to minimise drug-related adverse events. However, the frequency of monitoring tests may lead to significant fearful experiences for patients. We reviewed haematological abnormalities and clinical side-effects in a paediatric clinic population commencing immunomodulators for dermatological conditions, where haematological profiles are monitored less frequently than in current recommendations...
July 20, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27320359/diagnosis-and-classification-of-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies
#13
I E Lundberg, F W Miller, A Tjärnlund, M Bottai
The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases, collectively termed myositis, sharing symptoms of muscle weakness, fatigue and inflammation. Other organs are frequently involved, supporting the notion that these are systemic inflammatory diseases. The IIMs can be subgrouped into dermatomyositis, polymyositis and inclusion body myositis. The myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs) identify other and often more distinct clinical phenotypes, such as the antisynthetase syndrome with antisynthetase autoantibodies and frequent interstitial lung disease and anti-SRP and anti-HMGCR autoantibodies that identify necrotizing myopathy...
July 2016: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283859/psychodermatology-in-clinical-practice-main-principles
#14
REVIEW
Claire Marshall, Ruth Taylor, Anthony Bewley
Psychodermatology is a newer and emerging subspecialty of dermatology, which bridges psychiatry, psychology, paediatrics and dermatology. It has become increasingly recognised that the best outcomes for patients with psychodermatological disease is via a multidisciplinary psychodermatology team. The exact configuration of the multidisciplinary team is, to some extent, determined by local expertise. In addition there is a growing body of evidence that it is much more cost effective to manage patients with psychodermatological disease in dedicated psychodermatology clinics...
August 23, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27077613/pattern-of-paediatric-dermatoses-at-dermatology-clinics-in-ile-ife-and-ilesha-nigeria
#15
O A Oninla, S O Oninla, O Onayemi, O A Olasode
BACKGROUND: In developing countries, skin diseases are one of the most common causes of morbidity. AIM: A prospective descriptive study was conducted to determine the pattern of skin diseases in childhood and adolescents presenting to the outpatient dermatology clinics of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex at Ile-Ife and Ilesha, Osun State. METHODS: Patients aged 2 weeks to 19 years attending the clinics between October 2009 and September 2012 were included...
January 29, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061446/tinea-capitis-outbreak-among-paediatric-refugee-population-an-evolving-healthcare-challenge
#16
Jacob Mashiah, Ana Kutz, Ronen Ben Ami, Mihal Savion, Ilan Goldberg, Tamar Gan Or, Omri Zidan, Eli Sprecher, Avikam Harel
Outbreaks of tinea capitis (TC) represent a major medical and economic burden. Population migrations have become a phenomenon of increasing relevance for medical conditions management. Given the recent massive arrival of immigrants, we sought to determine epidemiologic trends for TC among paediatric populations at the Tel Aviv Medical Center. We conducted a retrospective study of all TC cases diagnosed between 2010 and 2014 in a paediatric dermatology unit of a tertiary medical centre, serving as a referral centre for the paediatric refugee population from the great Tel Aviv area...
September 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27037527/clinical-repigmentation-patterns-in-paediatric-vitiligo
#17
E Y Gan, T Gahat, M Cario-André, J Seneschal, K Ezzedine, A Taïeb
BACKGROUND: Repigmentation is an essential outcome measure in vitiligo. However, clinical studies describing vitiligo repigmentation patterns are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To assess and clearly define the repigmentation patterns in a series of patients with vitiligo, correlating these with clinicoepidemiological characteristics. METHODS: Patients with vitiligo seen at least at twice (initial consultation and follow-up visit) in the Department of Paediatric Dermatology, Hôpital Pellegrin des Enfants, Bordeaux University Hospital from 2006 to 2014 were included...
September 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969479/-impact-of-sex-and-age-on-the-clinical-and-epidemiological-aspects-of-childhood-psoriasis-data-from-a-french-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#18
J Bonigen, A Phan, S Hadj-Rabia, F Boralévi, A-C Bursztejn, C Bodemer, M Ferneiny, A-L Souillet, C Chiavérini, E Bourrat, J Miquel, P Vabres, S Barbarot, D Bessis, C Eschard, J Mazereeuw-Hautier, M Piram, P Plantin, C Abasq, A Lasek-Duriez, A Maruani, A Beauchet, E Mahé
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood psoriasis is estimated at between 0.4% and 0.7%. Clinical aspects of the diseases depend on age. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical aspects of psoriasis according to age and sex. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicentre study of children with psoriasis was performed by investigators belonging to the Research Group of the French Society of Paediatric Dermatology. The study was conducted from April 2012 to March 2013...
May 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921072/an-analysis-of-inpatient-dermatologic-consultations-at-university-hospital-limerick-inadequate-infrastructure-leads-to-acute-skin-failure
#19
A Alani, M Sadlier, A Uddin, C Hackett, B Ramsay, K Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Approximately 15-20 % of the general population have skin diseases and it is therefore clear that inpatients can also present with various skin conditions that require dermatology input and in some cases the primary reason for admission to hospital. Inpatient hospital care is more expensive than outpatient care. Recent trends are moving towards outpatient care, as there is huge pressure on hospital bed availability. AIMS: The main aim of this study was to analyse patients referred with dermatological complaints and how soon after admission, were patients assessed by the dermatology team...
February 26, 2016: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792412/-what-s-new-in-pediatric-dermatology
#20
REVIEW
A Maruani
The years 2014-2015 have been rich in paediatric dermatology news in varied areas. Randomized controlled trials including children have been performed, especially in the fields of vascular anomalies, infectiology and immuno-allergology; new classifications and guidelines have been established; scientific research has made new discoveries, including the molecular basis of pediatric nevi and melanoma; epidemiologic works on risk factors have highlighted the need for dermatologists to be aware of prevention (sun prevention but also obesity); and finally, the many publications have taken into account psychological issues in children, such as quality of life, pain, observance or acceptance...
December 2015: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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