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paediatric dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526761/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-the-features-of-pten-hamartoma-tumour-syndrome-in-children
#1
Emily Hansen-Kiss, Sarah Beinkampen, Brent Adler, Thomas Frazier, Thomas Prior, Steven Erdman, Charis Eng, Gail Herman
OBJECTIVE: It is recognised that 5% - 10 % of children with macrocephaly and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or intellectual disability (ID) have a heterozygous pathogenic mutation in the PTEN tumour suppressor gene that is associated with PTEN hamartoma tumour syndrome. However, the clinical features and course in children with a pathogenic PTEN mutation are unclear and have not been well documented. STUDY OBJECTIVES: We undertook a retrospective chart review of children (< 18  years) with pathogenic PTEN mutations to ascertain clinical findings, clinical course and possible outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408046/-evaluation-of-practices-in-the-management-of-scabies-in-children
#2
M-S Lê, M-A Richard, K Baumstarck, S Hesse, C Gaudy-Marqueste, J-J Grob, S Mallet
BACKGROUND: Scabies has been on the rise in France in recent years and has posed therapeutic problems, mainly due to the withdrawal of benzyl benzoate. The objective of this study was to describe prescribing practices for scabies in children. METHODS: A national survey was conducted by means of a standardized questionnaire covering various clinical situations of scabies and the drugs used preferentially according to age, which was sent out between December 2014 and March 2015 to members of the clinical research group of the French Society of Paediatric Dermatology...
April 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290622/melanoma-and-melanocytic-nevi-in-paediatric-patients-a-single-institution-experience
#3
Paola Sgubbi, Francesco Savoia, Emi Dika, Iria Neri, Pier A Fanti, Annalisa Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is an infrequent neoplasm in children and adolescents. The number of consultancies for melanocytic nevi control in the paediatric population is increased by the major anxiety of parents and paediatricians. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in order to evaluate the incidence rate of melanoma, Spitz nevi, congenital and acquired melanocytic nevi in patients aged 14 years or less and referred to our institution from April 2010 to September 2015...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290621/contact-sensitization-of-children-referred-to-the-dermatology-department-of-the-university-federico-ii-of-naples-italy-a-two-decade-years-history
#4
Serena Lembo, Claudio Lembo, Cataldo Patruno, Pasquale Cuomo, Fabio Ayala, Nicola Balato, Anna Balato
BACKGROUND: Contact sensitization (CS) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were once thought to be rare in children. The aim of our study was to assess CS and ACD in children affected by eczematous conditions referring to our contact and occupational dermatoses service, and to compare the obtained data to the results of a similar study performed in our Department in late eighties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patch test data from the Database of Contact Allergy of the Dermatology Department - University Federico II of Naples was performed...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251611/consensus-statement-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-haemangiomas-with-propranolol
#5
Sarah L Smithson, Marius Rademaker, Susan Adams, Stuart Bade, Philip Bekhor, Samantha Davidson, Amanda Dore, Catherine Drummond, Gayle Fischer, Alexander Gin, Claire Grills, Anne Halbert, Zerina Lokmic, Emma McCahon, Vanessa A Morgan, Dedee F Murrell, David Orchard, Anthony Penington, Diana Purvis, John Relic, Susan Robertson, Aaron J Robinson, Laura Scardamaglia, John Su, Swee Tan, Orli Wargon, Lachlan Warren, Li-Chuen Wong, Tania Zappala, Roderic Phillips
Although most infantile haemangiomas do not require treatment due to a natural history of spontaneous involution, some require early intervention. The Australasian Vascular Anomalies Network and the Australasian Paediatric Dermatology Network have developed a consensus statement for the treatment of infantile haemangiomas with oral propranolol. Infants with haemangiomas that are life threatening, at risk of ulceration, or at risk of causing a significant functional impairment, psychological impact or physical deformity should be treated early with oral propranolol...
May 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#6
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148538/handy-paediatric-dermatology
#7
Enrico Valerio, Francesca Parata, Mario Cutrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143594/prevalence-of-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-sweden-a-nationwide-population-based-register-study
#8
J F Ludvigsson, K Büsch, O Olén, J Askling, K E Smedby, A Ekbom, E Lindberg, M Neovius
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the impact of different case definition algorithms on the prevalence of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare the occurrence of certain diseases compared to matched controls. METHODS: Paediatric patients (<18 years) were identified via ICD codes for UC and CD in Swedish registers between 1993 and 2010 (n = 1432). Prevalence was defined as ≥2 IBD-related visits...
January 31, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045204/increased-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-young-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-immunomodulatory-therapy-a-retrospective-single-centre-cohort-study
#9
J Clowry, J Sheridan, R Healy, S Deady, D Keegan, K Byrne, G Cullen, H Mulcahy, H Comber, A C Parnell, G Doherty, A Lally
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in immunosuppressed patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Concurrently, paediatric IBD incidence is rising, with more patients now exposed to immunomodulators from a younger age. OBJECTIVES: To investigate NMSC incidence and to examine the risk associated with immunomodulators in the development of NMSC in patients with IBD. METHODS: This was a retrospective single centre cohort study...
January 3, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044348/early-recognition-and-detection-of-juvenile-psoriatic-arthritis-a-call-for-a-standardized-approach-to-screening
#10
E Burden-Teh, K S Thomas, S Rangaraj, J Cranwell, R Murphy
BACKGROUND: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommend annual screening for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in all patients with psoriasis. Currently, no validated assessment tools have been recommended for screening for juvenile PsA (JPsA). AIM: To determine dermatologists' practice when assessing children's joints and explore the challenges dermatologists experience when looking for joint disease, in order to inform future strategies to improve early detection of arthritis...
January 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041748/keeping-pace-with-the-media-giant-hogweed-burns-a-case-series-and-comprehensive-review
#11
REVIEW
Benjamin G Baker, James Bedford, Suryakant Kanitkar
Phytophotodermatitis is almost exclusively reported in the dermatological literature, but may progress to a chemical burn. There has been widespread media reporting during the summer of 2015 of burns caused by giant hogweed. However, there is a lack of awareness of this mechanism of injury amongst the burn multidisciplinary team, and there have been no published articles in the surgical literature regarding plant burns, other than sporadic case reports, for 20 years. We present a comprehensive review of plant burns and three cases from our adult and paediatric Burn Centres of burns caused by giant hogweed...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983745/health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-psoriasis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Hilde Randa, Tanja Todberg, Lone Skov, Lotte S Larsen, Robert Zachariae
Studies demonstrating the negative impact of paediatric psoriasis on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are accumulating, but little is known about moderators of HRQOL. The objectives of this review were to summarize studies on HRQOL in paediatric psoriasis and to explore the potential moderating influences of demographic and clinical variables. Searches were conducted by 2 independent researchers in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus for papers published between 1995 (the date the first dermatology-specific HRQOL-instrument for children was introduced) and 2016...
December 16, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873736/amber-necklaces-reasons-for-use-and-awareness-of-risk-associated-with-bacterial-colonisation
#13
Pauline Machet, Philippe Lanotte, Bruno Giraudeau, Marie Leperlier, Elsa Tavernier, Annabel Maruani
Parents are increasingly placing amber necklaces on their infants or toddlers to prevent teething pain. The use of the necklaces can pose a risk of death by strangulation, however, there are no data on the potential infectious risk linked to bacterial colonisation associated with the necklaces. We aimed to analyse bacterial colonisation of amber necklaces worn by children during hospital consultations. This prospective observational study included all children wearing a teething necklace at consultation in the Paediatric Dermatology and the Paediatric Emergency Department of our hospital from April to December 2014...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768987/parental-child-and-adolescent-experience-of-chronic-skin-conditions-a-meta-ethnography-and-review-of-the-qualitative-literature
#14
REVIEW
Kate Ablett, Andrew R Thompson
Childhood skin conditions can affect the quality of life of children, adolescents, and families. As such, paediatric dermatological conditions have been the focus of a number of qualitative studies and there is now a need to integrate the findings. A meta-ethnography was carried out with the existing 12 studies, which included nine studies examining parental experiences and three studies of child experiences. Meta-ethnographic analysis of the studies identified themes focused on the child's sense of stigmatisation and the challenges for families that arose from this...
December 2016: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693983/parenting-and-childhood-atopic-dermatitis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-relationships-between-parenting-behaviour-skin-care-management-and-disease-severity-in-young-children
#15
Amy E Mitchell, Jennifer A Fraser, Alina Morawska, Joanne Ramsbotham, Patsy Yates
BACKGROUND: The development of child behaviour and parenting difficulties is understood to undermine treatment outcomes for children with atopic dermatitis. Past research has reported on correlates of child behaviour difficulties. However, few research studies have sought to examine parenting confidence and practices in this clinical group. OBJECTIVES: To examine relationships between child, parent, and family variables, parent-reported and directly-observed child and parent behaviour, parents' self-efficacy with managing difficult child behaviour, self-reported parenting strategies, and disease severity...
December 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650144/cryopyrin-associated-periodic-syndrome-in-australian-children-and-adults-epidemiological-clinical-and-treatment-characteristics
#16
Sam Mehr, Roger Allen, Christina Boros, Navid Adib, Alyson Kakakios, Paul J Turner, Maureen Rogers, Yvonne Zurynski, Davinder Singh-Grewal
AIM: Cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes (CAPS) encapsulate three auto-inflammatory conditions, ranging in severity from mild (familial cold auto-inflammatory syndrome: FCAS), moderate (Muckle-Wells syndrome: MWS) and severe (neonatal onset multi-inflammatory disorder: NOMID). We aimed to describe the epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of Australian children and adults with CAPS. METHODS: Patients were identified and clinical data collected through a questionnaire sent during 2012-2013 to clinicians reporting to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit and subscribing to the Australasian Societies for Allergy/Immunology, Rheumatology and Dermatology...
September 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551173/dermatological-findings-in-turkish-paediatric-haematology-oncology-patients
#17
Umit Uksal, Pinar Ozturk, Emine Colgecen, Nazan Taslidere, Turkan Patiroglu, Mehmet Akif Ozdemir, Yasemin Altuner Torun, Murat Borlu
OBJECTIVE: Diagnoses of skin, mucosae, hair and nail manifestations in malignant diseases are often challenging because of life-threatening drug reactions, opportunistic infections or skin involvement of primary processes. Description of morphology, configuration and distribution of lesions is important in order to differentiate the self-healing eruptions from serious side effects of chemotherapy. There are case reports from Turkey including dermatological manifestations of malignancies and case series in adult patients but there are no published large group studies assessing all manifestations in children...
June 2016: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540225/how-well-do-outpatient-prescriptions-adhere-to-good-antimicrobial-stewardship
#18
Hirminder Ubhi, Mitul Patel, Lisa Ludwig
AIM: Aims of the study included evaluation of outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices relating to good Antimicrobial Stewardship1 focusing on documentation of indication and duration. METHOD: Prescriptions dispensed at the Outpatient Pharmacy over a 6 week were evaluated. Data collected include patient's hospital identification in full, the antibiotic prescribed, duration of treatment, indication (in a specifically allocated area on the prescription) and route of administration, prescriber speciality and grade...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512360/thyroid-abnormalities-in-paediatric-patients-with-vitiligo-retrospective-study
#19
Demet Kartal, Murat Borlu, Salih Levent Çınar, Ayten Kesikoğlu, Serap Utaş
INTRODUCTION: The association between vitiligo and thyroid disease is not fully investigated especially in paediatric patients. AIM: To determine the incidence of vitiligo and thyroid disorders in children. This is the first report from middle Anatolia and the second report from Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed to examine the presence of thyroid abnormalities in paediatric patients who had been admitted to the dermatology department with vitiligo...
June 2016: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435804/monitoring-recommendations-for-oral-azathioprine-methotrexate-and-cyclosporin-in-a-paediatric-dermatology-clinic-and-literature-review
#20
Joy Yee, David Orchard
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Systemic oral immunomodulators azathioprine, methotrexate and cyclosporin are widely used in paediatric dermatology. Routine blood tests are performed to minimise drug-related adverse events. However, the frequency of monitoring tests may lead to significant fearful experiences for patients. We reviewed haematological abnormalities and clinical side-effects in a paediatric clinic population commencing immunomodulators for dermatological conditions, where haematological profiles are monitored less frequently than in current recommendations...
July 20, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
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