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paediatric dermatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081934/congenital-vitiligo-a-case-observed-in-the-cohort-of-hiv-exposed-infants-in-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#1
Makoura Barro, Jean W Diallo, Ad Bafa Ibrahim Ouattara, Boubacar Nacro
Vitiligo is a dermatological disease; its exact prevalence is unknown among the paediatric population. We are reporting a case of vitiligo at birth for the first time in Burkina Faso, in the Teaching Hospital Souro Sanou of Bobo-Dioulasso, Paediatric Department. He is a male child, born from HIV-1 positive parents; we received him when he was 2 months to be followed in connection with the prevention of motherto-child transmission. He showed achromic lesions on the skin and on skin appendages at birth. In addition to congenital vitiligo we mentioned, several diagnostic hypotheses were discussed...
October 6, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079590/2017-european-league-against-rheumatism-american-college-of-rheumatology-classification-criteria-for-adult-and-juvenile-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-and-their-major-subgroups
#2
REVIEW
Ingrid E Lundberg, Anna Tjärnlund, Matteo Bottai, Victoria P Werth, Clarissa Pilkington, Marianne de Visser, Lars Alfredsson, Anthony A Amato, Richard J Barohn, Matthew H Liang, Jasvinder A Singh, Rohit Aggarwal, Snjolaug Arnardottir, Hector Chinoy, Robert G Cooper, Katalin Dankó, Mazen M Dimachkie, Brian M Feldman, Ignacio Garcia-De La Torre, Patrick Gordon, Taichi Hayashi, James D Katz, Hitoshi Kohsaka, Peter A Lachenbruch, Bianca A Lang, Yuhui Li, Chester V Oddis, Marzena Olesinska, Ann M Reed, Lidia Rutkowska-Sak, Helga Sanner, Albert Selva-O'Callaghan, Yeong-Wook Song, Jiri Vencovsky, Steven R Ytterberg, Frederick W Miller, Lisa G Rider
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate new classification criteria for adult and juvenile idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and their major subgroups. METHODS: Candidate variables were assembled from published criteria and expert opinion using consensus methodology. Data were collected from 47 rheumatology, dermatology, neurology and paediatric clinics worldwide. Several statistical methods were used to derive the classification criteria. RESULTS: Based on data from 976 IIM patients (74% adults; 26% children) and 624 non-IIM patients with mimicking conditions (82% adults; 18% children), new criteria were derived...
October 27, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076704/how-many-medical-specialists-do-ministry-of-health-sri-lanka-need-by-2025-use-of-system-dynamics-modelling-for-policy-decisions
#3
M D De Silva
Introduction: The Ministry of Health is the largest health care provider in Sri Lanka in terms of funding, coverage and human resources. Long duration and high training cost of a medical specialist highlights the importance of health human resource planning. Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka has no scientific cadre planning for medical specialists. Methods: System dynamics, an analytical modelling approach and a methodology for studying complex feedback systems was used...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056704/infection-by-microsporum-canis-in-paediatric-patients-a-veterinary-perspective
#4
Mario Pasquetti, Anna Rita Molinar Min, Stefania Scacchetti, Andrea Dogliero, Andrea Peano
Microsporum canis is a dermatophyte fungus of which cats and dogs are recognized as the natural hosts. M. canis is also easily transmitted to humans, causing lesions to the glabrous skin (tinea corporis) and to the head (tinea capitis). The present study describes some cases of infection with M. canis in children from a veterinary perspective, highlighting some important features of this clinical entity (e.g., the necessity to identify the animal source of infection with appropriate diagnostic tests; the fact that infected cats may present with no or atypical dermatological signs; and the importance of the environment as a fungal reserve)...
September 19, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942665/-infantile-haemangioma-clinical-and-demographic-characteristics-experiences-in-the-treatment
#5
Zsanett Renáta Csoma, Szandra Dalmády, Rita Ábrahám, Tamás Rózsa, Katalin Rácz, Lajos Kemény
INTRODUCTION: Infantile haemangiomas are the most common vascular tumours of infancy. The vast majority of the lesions do not require dermatological treatment due to their unique clinical course and the high rate of spontaneous regression. Approximately 10-15% of the tumours result in severe complications and sequale, requiring special management and close follow-up. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the data of the patients treated with infantile haemangiomas, and to summarize the results of the therapy during 4...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836265/effect-of-atopic-dermatitis-on-quality-of-life-and-its-psychosocial-impact-in-asian-adolescents
#6
Michelle Sy Ng, Shiyun Tan, Nicole Hq Chan, Alice Yw Foong, Mark Ja Koh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common condition affecting up to 20% of the paediatric population in Singapore. It is often associated with significant psychosocial morbidity and can affect patients' quality of life (QOL) tremendously. This study investigated the varying lifestyle impacts, and psychosocial domains most affected by AD in adolescent children in Singapore. METHODS: A prospective study evaluating the impact of AD on the QOL of adolescents was conducted over a 6-month period from July to December 2014...
August 24, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775219/assessment-of-dietary-food-and-nutrient-intake-and-bone-density-in-children-with-eczema
#7
T F Leung, S S Wang, F Yy Kwok, L Ws Leung, C M Chow, K L Hon
INTRODUCTION: Dietary restrictions are common among patients with eczema, and such practice may lead to diminished bone mineral density. This study investigated dietary intake and bone mineral density in Hong Kong Chinese children with eczema. METHODS: This cross-sectional and observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated teaching hospital in Hong Kong. Chinese children aged below 18 years with physician-diagnosed eczema were recruited from our paediatric allergy and dermatology clinics over a 6-month period in 2012...
October 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731005/preparing-medical-students-with-congenital-colour-vision-deficiency-for-safe-practice
#8
Rajat Dhingra, Jolly Rohatgi, Upreet Dhaliwal
BACKGROUND: Colour vision of candidates is tested in many medical colleges in India at the time of admission to undergraduate courses; however, there are no guidelines, and therefore no counselling, on how students with congenital colour vision deficiency (CCVD) should negotiate the medical course, and how best they can practise safely after graduation. Problems in interpreting coloured signs may lead to misdiagnosis. This study aimed to explore difficulties during clinical work that requires colour discrimination, and to offer suggestions on safe practice based on the findings and a review of the literature...
January 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707710/perception-and-image-of-dermatology-in-the-german-general-population-2002-2014
#9
M Augustin, L Eissing, P Elsner, K Strömer, I Schäfer, A Enk, M Reusch, R Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other European countries, dermatologists in Germany provide healthcare for a broad spectrum of diseases of the skin and mucous membranes. Current population-based data on the perception of dermatology were lacking to date. OBJECTIVE: Analysis of the perception of dermatology from the general population's perspective with regard to utilization, satisfaction, and responsibility. METHODS: Nation-wide survey on awareness, utilization, rating, and image of dermatology in Oct/2014 through computer-assisted telephone interviews on a representative sample of the adult general population (n = 1,015), performed by the FORSA institute...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605929/tissue-necrosis-following-extravasation-of-acyclovir-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#10
Charalambos Neocleous, Eleni Andonopoulou, Alkistis Adramerina, Antigoni Pegkou, Olga Savelieva, Petroula Georgiadou, Ioannis Drikos
OBJECTIVE: Extravasation of intravenously infused vesicant solutions is a common problem in medical practice, which can lead to severe and progressive tissue dysfunction, ranging from persistent tissue oedema and fibrosis to delayed tissue necrosis. Acyclovir is a known vesicant medication administrated in paediatric patients, which appears to irritate venous and soft tissue if extravasated. CASE REPORT: We present the first case involving the extravasation of intravenously infused acyclovir in a female adolescent patient, which caused tissue necrosis and left behind a residual scar lesion...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526761/a-retrospective-chart-review-of-the-features-of-pten-hamartoma-tumour-syndrome-in-children
#11
Emily Hansen-Kiss, Sarah Beinkampen, Brent Adler, Thomas Frazier, Thomas Prior, Steven Erdman, Charis Eng, Gail Herman
OBJECTIVE: It is recognised that 5% - 10 % of children with macrocephaly and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or intellectual disability (ID) have a heterozygous pathogenic mutation in the PTEN tumour suppressor gene that is associated with PTEN hamartoma tumour syndrome. However, the clinical features and course in children with a pathogenic PTEN mutation are unclear and have not been well documented. STUDY OBJECTIVES: We undertook a retrospective chart review of children (< 18  years) with pathogenic PTEN mutations to ascertain clinical findings, clinical course and possible outcomes...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408046/-evaluation-of-practices-in-the-management-of-scabies-in-children
#12
M-S Lê, M-A Richard, K Baumstarck, S Hesse, C Gaudy-Marqueste, J-J Grob, S Mallet
BACKGROUND: Scabies has been on the rise in France in recent years and has posed therapeutic problems, mainly due to the withdrawal of benzyl benzoate. The objective of this study was to describe prescribing practices for scabies in children. METHODS: A national survey was conducted by means of a standardized questionnaire covering various clinical situations of scabies and the drugs used preferentially according to age, which was sent out between December 2014 and March 2015 to members of the clinical research group of the French Society of Paediatric Dermatology...
April 10, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290622/melanoma-and-melanocytic-nevi-in-paediatric-patients-a-single-institution-experience
#13
Paola Sgubbi, Francesco Savoia, Emi Dika, Iria Neri, Pier A Fanti, Annalisa Patrizi
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is an infrequent neoplasm in children and adolescents. The number of consultancies for melanocytic nevi control in the paediatric population is increased by the major anxiety of parents and paediatricians. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed in order to evaluate the incidence rate of melanoma, Spitz nevi, congenital and acquired melanocytic nevi in patients aged 14 years or less and referred to our institution from April 2010 to September 2015...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290621/contact-sensitization-of-children-referred-to-the-dermatology-department-of-the-university-federico-ii-of-naples-italy-a-two-decade-years-history
#14
Serena Lembo, Claudio Lembo, Cataldo Patruno, Pasquale Cuomo, Fabio Ayala, Nicola Balato, Anna Balato
BACKGROUND: Contact sensitization (CS) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) were once thought to be rare in children. The aim of our study was to assess CS and ACD in children affected by eczematous conditions referring to our contact and occupational dermatoses service, and to compare the obtained data to the results of a similar study performed in our Department in late eighties. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patch test data from the Database of Contact Allergy of the Dermatology Department - University Federico II of Naples was performed...
March 14, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251611/consensus-statement-for-the-treatment-of-infantile-haemangiomas-with-propranolol
#15
Sarah L Smithson, Marius Rademaker, Susan Adams, Stuart Bade, Philip Bekhor, Samantha Davidson, Amanda Dore, Catherine Drummond, Gayle Fischer, Alexander Gin, Claire Grills, Anne Halbert, Zerina Lokmic, Emma McCahon, Vanessa A Morgan, Dedee F Murrell, David Orchard, Anthony Penington, Diana Purvis, John Relic, Susan Robertson, Aaron J Robinson, Laura Scardamaglia, John Su, Swee Tan, Orli Wargon, Lachlan Warren, Li-Chuen Wong, Tania Zappala, Roderic Phillips
Although most infantile haemangiomas do not require treatment due to a natural history of spontaneous involution, some require early intervention. The Australasian Vascular Anomalies Network and the Australasian Paediatric Dermatology Network have developed a consensus statement for the treatment of infantile haemangiomas with oral propranolol. Infants with haemangiomas that are life threatening, at risk of ulceration, or at risk of causing a significant functional impairment, psychological impact or physical deformity should be treated early with oral propranolol...
May 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#16
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148538/handy-paediatric-dermatology
#17
Enrico Valerio, Francesca Parata, Mario Cutrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143594/prevalence-of-paediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-sweden-a-nationwide-population-based-register-study
#18
J F Ludvigsson, K Büsch, O Olén, J Askling, K E Smedby, A Ekbom, E Lindberg, M Neovius
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the impact of different case definition algorithms on the prevalence of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) and to compare the occurrence of certain diseases compared to matched controls. METHODS: Paediatric patients (<18 years) were identified via ICD codes for UC and CD in Swedish registers between 1993 and 2010 (n = 1432). Prevalence was defined as ≥2 IBD-related visits...
January 31, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045204/increased-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-young-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-immunomodulatory-therapy-a-retrospective-single-centre-cohort-study
#19
J Clowry, J Sheridan, R Healy, S Deady, D Keegan, K Byrne, G Cullen, H Mulcahy, H Comber, A C Parnell, G Doherty, A Lally
BACKGROUND: Recent studies report an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in immunosuppressed patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Concurrently, paediatric IBD incidence is rising, with more patients now exposed to immunomodulators from a younger age. OBJECTIVES: To investigate NMSC incidence and to examine the risk associated with immunomodulators in the development of NMSC in patients with IBD. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-centre cohort study...
June 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044348/early-recognition-and-detection-of-juvenile-psoriatic-arthritis-a-call-for-a-standardized-approach-to-screening
#20
E Burden-Teh, K S Thomas, S Rangaraj, J Cranwell, R Murphy
BACKGROUND: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines recommend annual screening for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in all patients with psoriasis. Currently, no validated assessment tools have been recommended for screening for juvenile PsA (JPsA). AIM: To determine dermatologists' practice when assessing children's joints and explore the challenges dermatologists experience when looking for joint disease, in order to inform future strategies to improve early detection of arthritis...
January 2, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
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