keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

surgical and radiological anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933331/-comparison-of-the-arthroscopic-finding-in-the-knee-joint-and-the-mri-retrospective-study
#1
K Šimeček, P Látal, J Duda, M Šimeček
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Our retrospective study presents the comparison of the preoperative magnetic resonance imaging of the knee joint - MRI - and the arthroscopic finding - ASC. Its aim is to find out how a positive or a negative finding of MRI corresponds with the operative finding and how much the experience of radiologist contributes to the conformity. MATERIAL AND METHODS The MRI findings of knee joints treated surgically at two departments in 2013 and 2014 were assessed. The MRI was performed in a total of 470 patients who subsequently underwent an arthroscopic surgery...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922705/from-ancient-to-avant-garde-a-review-of-traditional-and-modern-multimodal-approaches-to-surgical-anatomy-education
#2
REVIEW
Minhao Hu, David Wattchow, Dayan de Fontgalland
The landscape of surgical anatomy education is progressively changing. Traditional methods, such as cadaveric dissection and didacticism are being increasingly phased out in undergraduate courses for multimodal approaches incorporating problem-based learning, radiology and computer-based simulations. Although effective at clinically contextualizing and integrating anatomical information, these approaches may be a poor substitute for fostering a grasp of foundational 'pure' anatomy. Dissection is ideal for this purpose and hence remains the cornerstone of anatomical education...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892988/treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-using-philos-plate
#3
Chintan Doshi, Gaurav Mahesh Sharma, Lokesh Gudda Naik, Krishna Sudhakar Badgire, Faisal Qureshi
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of proximal humerus fractures always holds a dilemma for the treating surgeon. AIM: To assess the functional outcome of proximal humerus fractures treated with Proximal Humerus Internal Locking System (PHILOS) plating. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty three consecutive patients were treated with PHILOS plating between August 2013 and August 2014. The inclusion criteria were skeletally matured patients with closed fracture proximal humerus with displacement >1 cm and varus angulation of >45(0)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861372/estimation-of-tumor-size-in-breast-cancer-comparing-clinical-examination-mammography-ultrasound-and-mri-correlation-with-the-pathological-analysis-of-the-surgical-specimen
#4
Tomas Cortadellas, Paula Argacha, Juan Acosta, Jordi Rabasa, Ricardo Peiró, Margarita Gomez, Laura Rodellar, Sandra Gomez, Alejandra Navarro-Golobart, Sonia Sanchez-Mendez, Milagros Martinez-Medina, Mireia Botey, Carlos Muñoz-Ramos, Manel Xiberta
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the best method in our center to measure preoperative tumor size in breast tumors, using as reference the tumor size in the postoperative surgical specimen. We compared physical examination vs. mammography vs. resonance vs. ultrasound. There are different studies in the literature with disparate results. METHODS: This is a retrospective study. All the included patients have been studied by clinical examination performed by gynecologist or surgeon specialists in senology, and radiological tests (mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging)...
August 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856331/phaeochromocytoma-and-paraganglioma-excision-involving-the-great-vessels
#5
U Srirangalingam, K Gunganah, R Carpenter, S Bhattacharya, S J Edmondson, W M Drake
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas are vascular neuroendocrine tumours distributed between the neck and the pelvis and may be associated with catecholamine secretion. The aim of the study was to describe the complex surgical management required to excise these tumours when in close proximity to the great vessels (aorta and vena cava). METHODS: This was a retrospective case series. Patients included those undergoing surgical excision of a phaeochromocytoma or paraganglioma involving the great vessels...
2017: EJVES Short Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840291/augmented-pressure-distal-colostogram-the-most-important-diagnostic-tool-for-planning-definitive-surgical-repair-of-anorectal-malformations-in-boys
#6
Steven J Kraus, Marc A Levitt, Alberto Peña
There is little current literature on the augmented-pressure distal colostogram, the single most important diagnostic study performed in boys with imperforate anus prior to definitive repair. Accurate understanding of the anatomy of the anorectal malformation including an associated fistulous communication between the rectum and the urogenital tract is essential for optimal surgical management. Specifically, the position of the rectal pouch and recto-urinary fistula relative to posterior sagittal structures of the perineum, especially the sacral spine, dictates the operative approach...
August 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833864/integrating-anatomy-radiology-pathology-and-surgery-an-alternative-approach-in-resecting-multifocal-and-multicentric-breast-carcinoma
#7
Mona P Tan, Eugene M Ong, Dominique Amy, Tibor Tot
The sick lobe hypothesis provides the basis for a lobar approach in radiology, pathology, and surgical treatment of breast cancer. This approach aims to remove the tumor together with the surrounding field of genetic aberrations. Detailed preoperative lobar imaging that properly maps the disease and assesses its extent guides the parenchymal resection. Integration of our knowledge of breast anatomy and pathology with the results of preoperative radiological mapping is critical in assessing the eligibility of patients with multifocal and/or multicentric breast cancer for breast conservation treatment...
August 22, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828115/clinically-significant-anatomical-variation-of-the-retropharyngeal-internal-carotid-arteries
#8
Jaskirat K Gill, Mehrin Sadiq, Zain Badar, Sajeev Ezhapilli
Although interpatient variations in the course and anatomy of extracranial internal carotid arteries (EICAs) have been described previously, intrapatient variability is rarely cited in the literature. Distance between EICAs and the pharyngeal wall is an important determinant of vascular injury risk. A retropharyngeal EICA has crucial implications in patients undergoing pharyngeal procedures, and important in otorhinolaryngology and emergency medicine. Surgical exploration without identification of anatomical landmarks, or emergent intubation in the emergency room poses high risk for EICA injury...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814102/minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-using-locking-plates-for-ao-43-type-fractures-lessons-learnt-from-a-prospective-study
#9
Rajeev Shukla, Nikhil Jain, Ravi Kant Jain, Shravan Patidar, Vivek Kiyawat
INTRODUCTION: Managing fractures of distal tibia is still a subject of debate for orthopaedic surgeons in terms of both, reduction and fixation. Subcutaneous location and soft tissue anatomy predisposes it to angular and rotational instability as well as other bony and soft tissue complexities. Minimally invasive plating offers many advantages over conventional open techniques. It causes minimal soft tissue dissection and surgical trauma to the bone. Minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis(MIPO) maintains biological configuration of distal tibia and fracture hematoma and also provides a construct, which is biomechanically more stable...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811848/skull-base-tumors-and-tumor-like-lesions-a-pictorial-review
#10
REVIEW
Akira Kunimatsu, Natsuko Kunimatsu
A number of tumors and tumor-like non-neoplastic lesions with different cell types on histology occur in the skull base. A wide variety in disease and lesion appearance often complicates the process of radiological diagnosis. The main role of radiographic imaging is the detection and characterization of skull base lesions, with evaluation of the extent of invasion or preservation of adjacent critical organs. Evaluation of the skull base anatomy and surgical planning by using image guidance are also important for surgeons...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799880/a-morphometric-survey-of-the-parasellar-region-in-more-than-2700-skulls-emphasis-on-the-middle-clinoid-process-variants-and-implications-in-endoscopic-and-microsurgical-approaches
#11
Akshay Sharma, Gabrielle E Rieth, Joseph E Tanenbaum, James S Williams, Nakao Ota, Srikant Chakravarthi, Sunil Manjila, Amin Kassam, Bulent Yapicilar
OBJECTIVE The middle clinoid process (MCP) is a bony projection that extends from the sphenoid bone near the lateral margin of the sella turcica. The varied prevalence and morphological features of the MCP in populations stratified by age, race, and sex are unknown; however, the knowledge of its anatomy and preoperative recognition on CT scans can aid greatly in complication avoidance and management. The aim of this study was to further illustrate the surgical anatomy of the parasellar region and to quantify the incidence of MCP and caroticoclinoid rings (CCRs) in dried preserved human anatomical specimens...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751430/persistent-air-leak-after-pulmonary-transplantation
#12
Laurence Pearmain, Piotr Krysiak, John Blaikley, Mohamed Alaloul
A 59-year-old man with bilateral apical emphysema underwent a double lung transplant for end-stagechronic obstructive pulmonary disease leaving remnant right apical native tissue due to pleural adhesions. Initial postoperative course was uneventful until the chest drains were removed. This revealed a small pneumomediastinum, which progressively increased in size causing gross surgical emphysema. Re-insertion of the chest drain stabilised the patient so that the cause could be identified and corrected. Two bronchoscopies excluded anastomotic dehiscence as a cause...
July 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725918/a-comprehensive-review-of-motor-innervation-of-the-hand-variations-and-clinical-significance
#13
REVIEW
Sacha Wynter, Lakal Dissabandara
PURPOSE: The objective of the present review is to assemble the recognized anatomical variations, classifications, and clinical evidence with regard to innervation of the hand and discuss the clinical significance of these variations. METHODS: The material for this review was obtained by exploring PubMed and Google Scholar (search terms: hand innervation, variations of ulnar nerve, variations of median nerve, variations of radial nerve) as well as from standard anatomy texts...
July 19, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708016/emergency-separation-of-craniopagus-twins-case-report
#14
Farideh Nejat, Zohreh Habibi, Mehrdad Goudarzi, Mahdi Souraki Azad, Ehsan Moradi, Vahid Heidari, Maliheh Kadivar, Zahra Ebrahim Soltani, Leila Kouchakzadeh
Craniopagus is a very rare congenital anomaly that tends to affect females more often than males. It is classified as partial or total. Most affected twins are either stillborn or die during the perinatal period. Those who survive birth should undergo detailed radiological evaluations soon after their condition becomes stable so that the precise anatomy of the conjoined part can be defined and surgery can be planned in detail by a multidisciplinary team. Recommendations for decreasing the risk of unsuccessful surgery include performing surgery on an elective basis after extensive preoperative radiological evaluations as well as when the twins are at an acceptable age and weight for a complex surgical separation, generally as staged procedures...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698915/surgical-treatment-of-stage-ii-posterior-tibialis-tendon-dysfunction-ten-year-clinical-and-radiographic-results
#15
Alberto Ruffilli, Francesco Traina, Sandro Giannini, Roberto Buda, Fabrizio Perna, Cesare Faldini
INTRODUCTION: Grade II chronic tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) poses a reconstructive challenge to the orthopaedic surgeon. Aim of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiographical results of a case series of 63 patients (102 ft) affected by grade II PTTD who underwent tailored surgical treatment at 10-year mean follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients (102 ft) were available for clinical and radiological evaluation and were retrospectively reviewed at a mean follow-up of 125...
July 11, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667393/-interventional-treatment-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-embolization-of-the-testicular-vein
#16
REVIEW
M Rauch, H Strunk
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Embolization of the testicular veins (Gat-Goren technique) is an interventional procedure for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: In addition to standard urological procedures, such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P), arterial embolization of the prostate is considered as the interventional radiological method of choice. METHODICAL INNOVATIONS: Embolization of the testicular veins is technically identical to the embolization of varicoceles in infertile men and represents a less invasive treatment...
August 2017: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653307/complete-right-and-left-sided-thoracic-ducts-associated-with-aberrant-left-vertebral-artery-unreported-case-with-surgical-implications
#17
Nabil Eid, Yuko Ito, Sugiko Futaki, Yoichi Kondo
Anatomy is the keystone to an appropriate understanding of surgical and radiological sciences. Here the authors report on a rare case of complete right- and left-sided thoracic ducts (TDs) associated with aberrant left-vertebral artery (LVA) arising from the aortic arch. The TDs originated from right and left cisterna chyli and terminated separately close to the left venous angle. Superior to the aortic arch, the TDs showed different relationships to the LVA; the right TD was ventral, while the left was dorsal in position...
June 27, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647748/single-level-anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-using-a-new-3d-printed-anatomy-adaptive-titanium-mesh-cage-for-treatment-of-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-and-ossification-of-the-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-retrospective-case-series-study
#18
Teng Lu, Chao Liu, Baohui Yang, Jiantao Liu, Feng Zhang, Dong Wang, Haopeng Li, Xijing He
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the use of a new 3D-printed anatomy-adaptive titanium mesh cage (AA-TMC) for single-level anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 15 consecutive patients who underwent ACCF surgeries with AA-TMC implantation. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system, a visual analogue scale (VAS), the mean intervertebral height (MIBH) of the surgical segments, and the surgical segmental angle (SSA) were recorded preoperatively, immediately after surgery and at the final follow-up visit...
June 25, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624053/radiologic-evaluation-of-vasculobiliary-anatomy-in-the-umbilical-fissure
#19
Gu-Wei Ji, Fei-Peng Zhu, Ke Wang, Yong-Xiang Xia, Chen-Yu Jiao, Zi-Cheng Shao, Xiang-Cheng Li
BACKGROUND: Preoperative evaluation of vasculobiliary anatomy in the umbilical fissure (U-point) is pivotal for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PCCA) applied to right-sided hepatectomy. The purpose of our study was to review the vasculobiliary anatomy in the U-point using three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction technique, to investigate the diagnostic ability of 2D scans to evaluate anatomic variations, and to discuss its surgical implications. METHODS: A retrospective study of 159 patients with Bismuth type I, II, and IIIa PCCA, who received surgery at our institution from November 2012 to September 2016, was conducted...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597129/transcanal-surgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas-a-pictorial-review-of-radiological-findings-surgical-anatomy-and-comparison-to-the-traditional-translabyrinthine-approach
#20
Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Gaia Federici, Lukas Anschuetz, Giacomo Pavesi, Alessandra Todeschini, Livio Presutti, Daniele Marchioni
The most popular approaches for vestibular schwannoma (VS) removal are retrosigmoid, middle cranial fossa and translabyrinthine (TL). All require a certain degree of invasivity, bone removal, or brain manipulation. Recently, the authors described the transcanal transpromontorial approaches (TTA), which allow the inner ear to be accessed directly through the external auditory canal (EAC), either with a microscopic (Expanded TTA, or ExpTTA) or even an exclusive endoscopic technique (Endoscopic TTA, or EndoTTA)...
June 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
keyword
keyword
105605
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"