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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221255/royal-college-of-ophthalmologists-national-database-study-of-vitreoretinal-surgery-report-7-intersurgeon-variations-in-primary-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-failure
#1
Ahmed B Sallam, Paul H J Donachie, David Yorston, David H W Steel, Tom H Williamson, Timothy L Jackson, John M Sparrow, Robert L Johnston
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To audit variations in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD) anatomical failure rates between surgeons, grades of surgeons, and techniques of RD surgery. METHODS: Clinical data of a total of 5,857 eyes undergoing primary RD surgery, from 2000 to 2013 were retrospectively extracted from 15 centers using the same commercially available electronic medical record system, from three vitreoretinal units using an in-house electronic medical record, and from the British and Eire Association of Vitreoretinal Surgeons online registry...
February 17, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217675/clinicopathologic-evaluation-of-myofibroblastoma-a-study-in-two-hospitals
#2
Seul Ki Kim, Ji Sun Lee, Su Been Hong, Jung Ryeol Lee, Byung Chul Jee, Chang Suk Suh, Seok Hyun Kim
OBJECTIVE: To report various anatomic locations and clinical characteristics of pathologically proven myofibroblastoma in Koran patients. METHODS: Pathologic reports of patients who underwent surgeries at two centers between April 2003 and March 2016 were retrieved from the electronic medical record system of the hospital. Pathologic reports were included after performing a search using the keyword "myofibroblastoma". RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 11 subjects and included eight female and three male individuals...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216810/nasal-correction-in-nasomaxillary-hypoplasia-binder-s-syndrome-an-optimised-classification-and-treatment
#3
Venkata Ramana Yamani, Shakuntala Ghosh, Shreekumar Tirunagari
BACKGROUND: Nasomaxillary hypoplasia is a rare congenital disorder involving the central face. It imparts a distinctive appearance to the individual face as the age advances. Severity of the disorder varies, so do the manifestations. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted on the records and photographic data of 560 rhinoplasty cases performed between 2006 March and 2016 March. About 16 cases of nasomaxillary hypoplasia were selected from the group and they were classified based on the severity of the features...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216756/outcome-of-anatomic-locking-plate-in-extraarticular-distal-humeral-shaft-fractures
#4
Deepak Jain, Gurpreet S Goyal, Rajnish Garg, Pankaj Mahindra, Mohammad Yamin, Harpal S Selhi
BACKGROUND: Extraarticular fractures of distal humerus are challenging injuries to treat because of complex anatomy and fracture patterns. Functional bracing may not provide adequate stability in these injuries and operative treatment with intramedullary nails or conventional plates also has the limitation of inadequate fixation in the short distal fragment. The 3.5 mm precontoured single column locking plate (extraarticular distal humerus plate [EADHP]) has been introduced to overcome this problem...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215417/prenatal-diagnosis-of-the-criss-cross-heart
#5
Prasad Ravi, Deborah Fruitman, Lindsay Mills, Timothy Colen, Lisa K Hornberger
We sought to describe the prenatal features and postnatal outcomes of the "criss-cross heart" (CCH) with crossing atrioventricular connections as encountered in 5 cases and to review the literature regarding fetal diagnoses of this lesion. We reviewed the clinical history and fetal echocardiograms of 5 patients with a diagnosis of CCH encountered in our institution from 2010 to 2015. Affected pregnancies were identified through the University of Alberta fetal cardiology database. Fetal and postnatal echocardiograms, prenatal and postnatal clinical records, autopsy, and surgical reports were reviewed...
December 18, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214573/digital-mapping-of-the-urinary-bladder-potential-for-standardized-cystoscopy-reports
#6
M C Kriegmair, T Bergen, M Ritter, P Mandel, M S Michel, T Wittenberg, C Bolenz
OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized digital reporting tool for cystoscopy of the urinary bladder using panoramic imaging. MATERIALS & METHODS: An image processing and stitching software (Endorama(®)) was developed to generate panoramic images from cystoscopy data. In a processing phase, algorithms were modulated and refined by reference to cystoscopy sequences (n=30). Subsequently, standard systematic cystoscopies (n=12) were recorded in patients undergoing transurethral resection of a bladder tumor in order to create panoramic images...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213776/the-importance-of-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-d-i-s-e-techniques-in-surgical-decision-making-conventional-versus-target-controlled-infusion-techniques-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-and-a-retrospective-surgical-outcomes-analysis
#7
Andrea De Vito, Vanni Agnoletti, Gianluca Zani, Ruggero Massimo Corso, Giovanni D'Agostino, Elisabetta Firinu, Chiara Marchi, Ying-Shuo Hsu, Stefano Maitan, Claudio Vicini
Drug-Induced Sedation Endoscopy (DISE) consists of the direct observation of the upper airways during sedative-induced sleep, allowing the identification of the sites of pharyngeal collapse, which is the main pathological event in Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The Authors have compared Target Controlled Infusion (TCI) sedation endoscopy (TCI-DISE) technique to conventional DISE (CDISE), performed by a manual bolus injection of sedative agent, to recreate accurately and safely snoring and apnea patterns comparable to natural sleep...
February 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212258/factors-influencing-difficulty-of-laparoscopic-abdominoperineal-resection-for-ultra-low-rectal-cancer
#8
Qiken Li, Dechuan Li, Lai Jiang, Pengnian Qiu, Zhixuan Fu, Lilong Tang, Weiping Chen
PURPOSE: Our current study was conducted to identify patients' anatomic, pathologic, and clinical factors to predict difficulty of performing laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection for ultra-low rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records of 117 consecutive patients with rectal cancer 2 to 5 cm from the anal verge were retrospectively reviewed. Using univariate and multivariate linear or logistic regression models, standardized operative time and blood loss, as well as postoperative morbidity were utilized as endpoints to screen patients' multiple variables to predict operative difficulty...
February 16, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212130/periorbital-soft-tissue-anthropometric-analysis-of-young-adults
#9
Turan Ozdemir, Fatma Ezgi Can, Sefa Isiklar, Ilker Ercan, Nedim Simsek Cankur
The authors aim to determine the periorbital soft tissue anthropometric norms for Turkish young adults for right and left eyes using a noninvasive two-dimensional photogrammetric analysis. Anthropometric measurements of the periorbital soft tissue were taken from 172 female and 56 male Turkish adults aged between 18 and 24 years. The periorbital soft tissue profiles (ocular and palpebral) for males and females were digitally analyzed using linear measurements made with standardized photographic records, taken in a natural head position...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210848/prefrontal-hippocampal-coupling-by-theta-rhythm-and-by-2-5%C3%A2-hz-oscillation-in-the-delta-band-the-role-of-the-nucleus-reuniens-of-the-thalamus
#10
Alexis Roy, Frans Pettersson Svensson, Amna Mazeh, Bernat Kocsis
Rhythmic synchronizations of hippocampus (HC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) at theta frequencies (4-8 Hz) are thought to mediate key cognitive functions, and disruptions of HC-PFC coupling were implicated in psychiatric diseases. Theta coupling is thought to represent a HC-to-PFC drive transmitted via the well-described unidirectional HC projection to PFC. In comparison, communication in the PFC-to-HC direction is less understood, partly because no known direct anatomical connection exists. Two recent findings, i...
February 16, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209597/athletic-groin-pain-part-2-a-prospective-cohort-study-on-the-biomechanical-evaluation-of-change-of-direction-identifies-three-clusters-of-movement-patterns
#11
A Franklyn-Miller, C Richter, E King, S Gore, K Moran, S Strike, E C Falvey
BACKGROUND: Athletic groin pain (AGP) is prevalent in sports involving repeated accelerations, decelerations, kicking and change-of-direction movements. Clinical and radiological examinations lack the ability to assess pathomechanics of AGP, but three-dimensional biomechanical movement analysis may be an important innovation. AIM: The primary aim was to describe and analyse movements used by patients with AGP during a maximum effort change-of-direction task. The secondary aim was to determine if specific anatomical diagnoses were related to a distinct movement strategy...
March 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206874/a-quality-improvement-initiative-on-the-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-in-nursing-homes-in-flanders
#12
Majda Azermai, Maarten Wauters, Dirk De Meester, Lisa Renson, Danny Pauwels, Laurine Peeters, Hans Warie, Mirko Petrovic
INTRODUCTION: Government-funded quality improvement projects aimed to reduce the high psychotropic medication use in Belgian long-term care settings. DESIGN: A pilot project (2013-2014) with a pre-post and follow-up intervention design. METHODS: Two nursing homes received three educational courses. In the intervention nursing home (INH) additionally, a transition towards person-centred care through professional support was applied. Drug use was recorded at baseline, after 10 months (post) and after 22 months (follow-up), and coded into the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification...
February 16, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204962/the-clinical-anatomy-of-the-insertion-of-the-rotator-cuff-tendons
#13
M Vosloo, N Keough, M A De Beer
The rotator cuff (RC) insertions according to most anatomical texts are described as being separate from one another. However, clear fusion of the RC tendon fibres exists with prior studies showing this interdigitation forming a common, continuous insertion onto and around the lesser and greater tubercles (LT and GT) of the humerus. Current surgical repair methods (especially arthroscopic techniques) rarely mention or consider these connections during repair and suture anchor implantation. The general principles of RC surgery remain a controversial subject, due to various available techniques, surgeon experience and preference, and the contradicting success rates...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203586/comparison-of-kinematics-and-tibiofemoral-contact-pressures-for-native-and-transplanted-lateral-menisci
#14
Patrick C McCulloch, Donald Dolce, Hugh L Jones, Andrea Gale, Michael G Hogen, Jason Alder, Jeremiah E Palmer, Philip C Noble
BACKGROUND: Lateral meniscus transplantation is a proven treatment option for the meniscus-deficient knee, yet little is known about meniscal kinematics, strain, and tibiofemoral contact pressure changes after transplantation or the effect of altered root position in lateral meniscus transplantation. PURPOSE: To compare the native lateral meniscal kinematics, strain, and tibiofemoral contact pressures to a best-case scenario meniscus transplant with perfectly matched size and position and to determine how sensitive these factors are to subtle changes in shape and position by using a nonanatomic meniscus transplant position...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203422/colobronchial-fistula-the-pathogenesis-clinical-presentations-diagnosis-and-treatment
#15
Jinbo Zhao, Nan Ma, Zhengwei Zhao, Jie Lei, Qiang Lu, Feng Tian, Yongan Zhou, Yong Han, Xiaofei Li
BACKGROUND: Colobronchial fistula (CBF) is rare and easy to be delayed in clinic. There is no systemic study about this disease. The pathogenesis, clinical presentations, diagnosis and treatment of CBF were analyzed in this study. METHODS: The clinical data from 37 cases of CBF, which included one case in our institute and the other 36 cases in literature from January 1960 to August 2016, were reviewed and analyzed. The etiology, clinical presentations, diagnostic and therapeutic methods, and outcomes were summarized...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199993/intraoperative-thresholds-for-capsular-stimulation-are-reliable-for-chronic-pallidal-deep-brain-stimulation-in-dystonia
#16
René Reese, Martin M Reich, Daniela Falk, Günther Deuschl, H Maximilian Mehdorn, Jens Volkmann
BACKGROUND: The threshold current for inducing muscle contractions by stimulation of pyramidal tract fibres adjacent to the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is, besides microelectrode recordings for the determination of nuclear boundaries, currently the only neurophysiological marker for intraoperative refinement of the anatomically planned target point for pallidal deep brain stimulation (GPi-DBS) in dystonia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between intraoperative thresholds for muscle contractions under general anaesthesia and postoperative thresholds in GPi-DBS...
February 16, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198772/micro-free-orbital-fat-grafts-to-the-tear-trough-deformity-during-lower-blepharoplasty
#17
Suzette G Miranda, Mark A Codner
BACKGROUND: The tear trough deformity is challenging in lower eyelid rejuvenation. Surgical treatment has evolved with more modern techniques preserving orbital fat and using autologous fat transposition. The author reviewed his own experience in targeting the tear trough in lower lid blepharoplasty and presented a new technique that incorporates the addition of micro free fat grafts which adds direct volume to the underlying anatomical depression using a transcutaneous skin-muscle approach...
February 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194714/is-limb-salvage-with-microwave-induced-hyperthermia-better-than-amputation-for-osteosarcoma-of-the-distal-tibia
#18
Kang Han, Peiye Dang, Na Bian, Xiang Chen, Tongtao Yang, QingYu Fan, Yong Zhou, Tingbao Zhao, Pingshan Wang
BACKGROUND: Amputation has been the standard surgical treatment for distal tibia osteosarcoma owing to its unique anatomic features. Preliminary research suggested that microwave-induced hyperthermia may have a role in treating osteosarcoma in some locations of the body (such as the pelvis), but to our knowledge, no comparative study has evaluated its efficacy in a difficult-to-treat location like the distal tibia. QUESTIONS: Does microwave-induced hyperthermia result in (1) improved survival, (2) decreased local recurrence, (3) improved Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) scores, or (4) fewer complications than amputation in patients with a distal tibial osteosarcoma? METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, we treated 79 patients for a distal tibia osteosarcoma without metastases...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192433/review-of-21-cases-of-mycetoma-from-1991-to-2014-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#19
Felipe Maurício Soeiro Sampaio, Bodo Wanke, Dayvison Francis Saraiva Freitas, Janice Mery Chicarino de Oliveira Coelho, Maria Clara Gutierrez Galhardo, Marcelo Rosandiski Lyra, Maria Cristina da Silva Lourenço, Rodrigo de Almeida Paes, Antonio Carlos Francesconi do Valle
Mycetoma is caused by the subcutaneous inoculation of filamentous fungi or aerobic filamentous bacteria that form grains in the tissue. The purpose of this study is to describe the epidemiologic, clinic, laboratory, and therapeutic characteristics of patients with mycetoma at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between 1991 and 2014. Twenty-one cases of mycetoma were included in the study. There was a predominance of male patients (1.3:1) and the average patient age was 46 years. The majority of the cases were from the Southeast region of Brazil and the feet were the most affected anatomical region (80...
February 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188895/the-effects-of-neonicotinoid-exposure-on-embryonic-development-and-organ-mass-in-northern-bobwhite-quail-colinus-virginianus
#20
Amanda Gobeli, Dane Crossley, Jeff Johnson, Kelly Reyna
Since their emergence in the early 1990s, neonicotinoid use has increased exponentially to make them the world's most prevalent insecticides. Although there has been considerable research concerning the lethality of neonicotinoids, their sub-lethal and developmental effects are still being explored, especially with regard to non-mammalian species. The goal of this research was to investigate the effects of the neonicotinoid imidacloprid on the morphological and physiological development of northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus)...
February 8, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
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