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journal of anatomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099327/a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-success-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-biliary-stenting-in-patients-with-inoperable-malignant-biliary-strictures-and-a-failed-ercp
#1
Harsha Moole, Matthew L Bechtold, David Forcione, Srinivas R Puli
BACKGROUND: In patients with inoperable malignant biliary strictures, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) guided biliary stenting fails in 5% to 10% patients due to difficult anatomy/inability to cannulate the papilla. Recently, endoscopic ultrasound guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) has been described.Primary outcomes were to evaluate the biliary drainage success rates with EUS and compare it to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD). Secondary outcomes were to evaluate overall procedure related complications...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069095/deficits-in-social-cognition-an-unveiled-signature-of-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic progressive inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, representing the primary cause of non-traumatic disability in young adults. Cognitive dysfunction can affect patients at any time during the disease process and might alter the six core functional domains. Social cognition is a multi-component construct that includes the theory of mind, empathy and social perception of emotions from facial, bodily and vocal cues...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032167/facing-the-worst-risk-confronting-the-dorsal-nasal-artery-implication-for-non-surgical-procedures-of-nasal-augmentation
#3
Tanvaa Tansatit, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: The nose is a dangerous site for filler injection. This study investigated the anatomy of the dorsal nasal artery at the upper part of the nose to clarify how ocular complications occur. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 50 noses of the embalmed cadavers. Either the soft embalming or formaldehyde embalming processes were used. RESULTS: The dorsal nasal artery is not a constant artery. The artery traveled in the subcutaneous tissue layer of the nasal dorsum on the transverse nasalis muscle and its midline nasal aponeurosis which connected the muscles on both sides...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032160/cadaveric-assessment-of-lip-injections-locating-the-serious-threats
#4
Tanvaa Tansatit, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: Lip augmentation could be a possible cause of blindness following filler injections. This study evaluated the risk by simulating clinical scenarios of marginal injections to the upper and lower lips and then evaluated the risk of vascular injuries. METHODS: A 22G cannula was inserted bilaterally along the wet-dry junction of the upper and lower lip margins in fifteen cadavers, and then both lips were dissected to verify possible injuries to the superior and inferior labial arteries...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005657/influence-of-orbital-implant-length-and-diameter-on-stress-distribution-a-finite-element-analysis
#5
Zhang Xing, Ling Song Chen, Wei Peng, Ling Jian Chen
PURPOSE: A mathematical simulation of stress distribution around orbital implants was used to determine which length and diameter of implants would be best to dissipate stress. METHODS: An integrated system for computed tomography data was utilized to create a 3-dimensional model of craniofacial structures. The model simulated implants placed in the 7, 11, and 12 o'clock positions of the orbital rim. A load of 2 N was applied to the model along the long axis of the implant (model 1) and an angle of 45° with the long axis of the implant (model 2)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995630/editorial-journal-of-anatomy-january-2017
#6
EDITORIAL
Julia Clarke, Thomas Gillingwater, Anthony Graham, Stefan Milz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981929/journal-of-the-college-of-physicians-and-surgeons-of-pakistan-five-years-bibliometric-analysis
#7
Saeed Saeed Ullah, Saeed Ullah Jan, Tahir Jan, Hafiz Nafees Ahmad, Muhammad Yahya Jan, Muhammad Abdur Rauf
To conduct the bibliometric analysis of the Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP) from 2012 to 2014. The prime objectives of this report were to determine the number and percentage of articles by year, authorship pattern, gender and geographical affiliation, ranking by subject and citation analysis. A data collection instrument was developed as bibliometric form. The data was analysed using the Microsoft Excel spread sheet. Editorials and letters to editors were excluded. There were 1106 total research documents, including 721 original articles and 385 case reports...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922488/intraoperative-assessment-of-facial-nerve-trunk-width-in-early-childhood-with-cervicofacial-lymphatic-malformation
#8
Ara Kim, Jeong-Meen Seo, So Young Lim
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve damage during head and neck surgery has long been an important issue. However, few publications on the gross anatomy of the facial nerve are available in the young population. The aim of this study was to provide in vivo measurements of the facial nerve trunk during lymphatic malformation (LM) resection and to determine the association between the trunk width and patient- and disease-related variables. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 11 consecutive pediatric patients (11 facial nerve trunks) who underwent cervicofacial LM resection...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743085/secondary-blepharoplasty-correction-of-the-high-fold
#9
Kamol Wattanakrai, Nattawut Chiemchaisri, Penpun Wattanakrai
BACKGROUND: Blepharoplasty is a common aesthetic surgery performed worldwide. In Asians, too high eyelid folds after blepharoplasty cause an unsatisfactory aesthetic outcome that is difficult to correct. In this article, the authors propose surgical techniques to correct the high eyelid fold after blepharoplasty. METHODS: During a 4-year period, 213 secondary blepharoplasties were performed to correct high folds. Postoperative results were reviewed, graded, and analyzed...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743084/anatomy-of-forehead-glabellar-nasal-and-orbital-muscles-and-their-correlation-with-distinctive-patterns-of-skin-lines-on-the-upper-third-of-the-face-reviewing-concepts
#10
Antonio Carlos Abramo, Thiago Paoliello Alves Do Amaral, Bruno Pierotti Lessio, Germano Andrighetto De Lima
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to establish a relationship between the skin lines on the upper third of the face in cadavers, which represent the muscle activity in life and the skin lines achieved by voluntary contraction of the forehead, glabellar, and orbital muscles in patients. METHODS: Anatomical dissection of fresh cadavers was performed in 20 fresh cadavers, 11 females and 9 males, with ages ranging from 53 to 77 years. Subcutaneous dissection identified the muscle shape and the continuity of the fibers of the eyebrow elevator and depress muscles...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646642/contribution-to-the-anatomical-nomenclature-concerning-upper-limb-anatomy
#11
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to revise and extend the existing sections of Terminologia Anatomica dealing with the upper limb structures, which nomenclature belongs to its most neglected and not developing parts, and to justify the use of the proposed anatomical terms in the clinical practice, research, and education. METHODS: A sample collected from own educational and research experience was matched in the main anatomical textbooks as well as old and recent anatomical journals and compared with four versions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclatures...
September 19, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606584/understanding-the-anatomy-of-the-upper-face-when-providing-aesthetic-injection-treatments
#12
Tracey A Hotta
Advanced rejuvenation procedures for the upper face are becoming increasingly popular for aesthetic providers but are considered a high-risk treatment area for dermal filler/contouring products. Risks may range from bruising, which is manageable, to blindness, most often irreversible. Detailed comprehension of the facial anatomy is imperative when performing aesthetic injections including neuromodulators and dermal filler/contouring products. Understanding the location and function of the muscles, as well as landmarking the blood vessels and nerves, will assist the aesthetic provider to perform safe, confident injection procedures...
July 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593479/publication-fate-of-abstracts-presented-at-british-association-of-clinical-anatomists-annual-meetings
#13
Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Thomas L Lewis
Dissemination of research is an integral part of the scientific process. Failure to disseminate research limits the scope for critical appraisal and potentially wastes valuable resources. The gold standard for dissemination of research is peer-reviewed publication following presentation at a national meeting. The primary objective of this study was quantitative assessment of the abstracts presented at British Association of Clinical Anatomists (BACA) summer and winter meetings with regards to the rates of subsequent publication and comparison to other medical specialties...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471420/ultrasound-and-stethoscope-as-tools-in-medical-education-and-practice-considerations-for-the-archives
#14
Francis A Fakoya, Maira du Plessis, Ikechi B Gbenimacho
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the use and portability of ultrasound has threatened the utility of the stethoscope, with many debating and even advocating its replacement. The authors set out to assess opinions in this regard among faculty within a medical school and specifically within an anatomy department where ultrasound is incorporated into the curriculum from the first term. METHODS: A debate was elicited during a biweekly Anatomy Journal Club session and was centered on three published papers presented...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446652/high-power-visible-light-emitting-diodes-as-pulsed-excitation-sources-for-biomedical-photoacoustics
#15
Thomas J Allen, Paul C Beard
The use of visible light emitting diodes (LEDs) as an alternative to Q-switched lasers conventionally used as photoacoustic excitation sources has been explored. In common with laser diodes, LEDs offer the advantages of compact size, low cost and high efficiency. However, laser diodes suitable for pulsed photoacoustic generation are typically available only at wavelengths greater than 750nm. By contrast, LEDs are readily available at visible wavelengths below 650nm where haemoglobin absorption is significantly higher, offering the prospect of increased SNR for superficial vascular imaging applications...
April 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278888/the-journal-of-anatomy-origin-and-evolution
#16
REVIEW
Gillian Morriss-Kay
The Journal of Anatomy was launched 150 years ago as the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, in an age when anatomy and physiology were not regarded as separate disciplines. European science in general was advancing rapidly at the time (it was 7 years after publication of Darwin's Origin of Species), and the recent demise of the Natural History Review meant that there was no English language publication covering these subjects. The founding editors were George Murray Humphry of Cambridge and William Turner of Edinburgh, together with Alfred Newton of Cambridge and Edward Perceval Wright of Dublin (the last two served only for a year)...
July 2016: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196365/how-can-we-best-describe-the-cardiac-components
#17
Robert H Anderson, Shumpei Mori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27124060/placebo-controlled-trials-in-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Pascal Probst, Kathrin Grummich, Julian C Harnoss, Felix J Hüttner, Katrin Jensen, Silvia Braun, Meinhard Kieser, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
This systematic review was performed to investigate the ethical justification, methodological quality, validity and safety of placebo controls in randomized placebo-controlled surgical trials.Central, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials comparing a surgical procedure to a placebo. "Surgical procedure" was defined as a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments. Placebo was defined as a blinded sham operation involving no change to the structural anatomy and without an expectable physiological response in the target body compartment...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117932/outcome-of-intestinal-failure-after-bariatric-surgery-experience-from-a-national-uk-referral-centre
#19
P J Allan, P Stevens, A Abraham, P Paine, K Farrer, A Teubner, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity provides sustained weight loss. Complications of bariatric surgery include severe nutritional decline, but minimal data describing occurrence and outcome of intestinal failure (IF) exist. SUBJECTS/METHODS: All patients referred to one of the UK's National IF units (IFU) are prospectively entered onto a database; case notes were assessed for bariatric surgery details, IF onset, outcomes, resulting intestinal anatomy, mortality and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs)...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053777/chronic-fluorosis-the-disease-and-its-anaesthetic-implications
#20
Madhuri S Kurdi
Chronic fluorosis is a widespread disease-related to the ingestion of high levels of fluoride through water and food. Prolonged ingestion of fluoride adversely affects the teeth, bones and other organs and alters their anatomy and physiology. Fluoride excess is a risk factor in cardiovascular disease and other major diseases, including hypothyroidism, diabetes and obesity. Although anaesthesiologists may be aware of its skeletal and dental manifestations, other systemic manifestations, some of which may impact anaesthetic management are relatively unknown...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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