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journal of anatomy

Kamol Wattanakrai, Nattawut Chiemchaisri, Penpun Wattanakrai
BACKGROUND: Blepharoplasty is a common aesthetic surgery performed worldwide. In Asians, too high eyelid folds after blepharoplasty cause an unsatisfactory aesthetic outcome that is difficult to correct. In this article, the authors propose surgical techniques to correct the high eyelid fold after blepharoplasty. METHODS: During a 4-year period, 213 secondary blepharoplasties were performed to correct high folds. Postoperative results were reviewed, graded, and analyzed...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Antonio Carlos Abramo, Thiago Paoliello Alves Do Amaral, Bruno Pierotti Lessio, Germano Andrighetto De Lima
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to establish a relationship between the skin lines on the upper third of the face in cadavers, which represent the muscle activity in life and the skin lines achieved by voluntary contraction of the forehead, glabellar, and orbital muscles in patients. METHODS: Anatomical dissection of fresh cadavers was performed in 20 fresh cadavers, 11 females and 9 males, with ages ranging from 53 to 77 years. Subcutaneous dissection identified the muscle shape and the continuity of the fibers of the eyebrow elevator and depress muscles...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to revise and extend the existing sections of Terminologia Anatomica dealing with the upper limb structures, which nomenclature belongs to its most neglected and not developing parts, and to justify the use of the proposed anatomical terms in the clinical practice, research, and education. METHODS: A sample collected from own educational and research experience was matched in the main anatomical textbooks as well as old and recent anatomical journals and compared with four versions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclatures...
September 19, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Tracey A Hotta
Advanced rejuvenation procedures for the upper face are becoming increasingly popular for aesthetic providers but are considered a high-risk treatment area for dermal filler/contouring products. Risks may range from bruising, which is manageable, to blindness, most often irreversible. Detailed comprehension of the facial anatomy is imperative when performing aesthetic injections including neuromodulators and dermal filler/contouring products. Understanding the location and function of the muscles, as well as landmarking the blood vessels and nerves, will assist the aesthetic provider to perform safe, confident injection procedures...
July 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
H N Furness, G W Miller, T L Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Dissemination of research is an integral part of the scientific process. Failure to disseminate research limits the scope for critical appraisal and potentially wastes valuable resources. The gold standard for dissemination of research is peer-reviewed publication following presentation at a national meeting. The primary objective of this study was quantitative assessment of the abstracts presented at British Association of Clinical Anatomists (BACA) summer and winter meetings with regards to the rates of subsequent publication and comparison to other medical specialties...
September 4, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Francis A Fakoya, Maira du Plessis, Ikechi B Gbenimacho
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, the use and portability of ultrasound has threatened the utility of the stethoscope, with many debating and even advocating its replacement. The authors set out to assess opinions in this regard among faculty within a medical school and specifically within an anatomy department where ultrasound is incorporated into the curriculum from the first term. METHODS: A debate was elicited during a biweekly Anatomy Journal Club session and was centered on three published papers presented...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Thomas J Allen, Paul C Beard
The use of visible light emitting diodes (LEDs) as an alternative to Q-switched lasers conventionally used as photoacoustic excitation sources has been explored. In common with laser diodes, LEDs offer the advantages of compact size, low cost and high efficiency. However, laser diodes suitable for pulsed photoacoustic generation are typically available only at wavelengths greater than 750nm. By contrast, LEDs are readily available at visible wavelengths below 650nm where haemoglobin absorption is significantly higher, offering the prospect of increased SNR for superficial vascular imaging applications...
April 1, 2016: Biomedical Optics Express
Gillian Morriss-Kay
The Journal of Anatomy was launched 150 years ago as the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, in an age when anatomy and physiology were not regarded as separate disciplines. European science in general was advancing rapidly at the time (it was 7 years after publication of Darwin's Origin of Species), and the recent demise of the Natural History Review meant that there was no English language publication covering these subjects. The founding editors were George Murray Humphry of Cambridge and William Turner of Edinburgh, together with Alfred Newton of Cambridge and Edward Perceval Wright of Dublin (the last two served only for a year)...
July 2016: Journal of Anatomy
Robert H Anderson, Shumpei Mori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Pascal Probst, Kathrin Grummich, Julian C Harnoss, Felix J Hüttner, Katrin Jensen, Silvia Braun, Meinhard Kieser, Alexis Ulrich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
This systematic review was performed to investigate the ethical justification, methodological quality, validity and safety of placebo controls in randomized placebo-controlled surgical trials.Central, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials comparing a surgical procedure to a placebo. "Surgical procedure" was defined as a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments. Placebo was defined as a blinded sham operation involving no change to the structural anatomy and without an expectable physiological response in the target body compartment...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
P J Allan, P Stevens, A Abraham, P Paine, K Farrer, A Teubner, G Carlson, S Lal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity provides sustained weight loss. Complications of bariatric surgery include severe nutritional decline, but minimal data describing occurrence and outcome of intestinal failure (IF) exist. SUBJECTS/METHODS: All patients referred to one of the UK's National IF units (IFU) are prospectively entered onto a database; case notes were assessed for bariatric surgery details, IF onset, outcomes, resulting intestinal anatomy, mortality and catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs)...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Madhuri S Kurdi
Chronic fluorosis is a widespread disease-related to the ingestion of high levels of fluoride through water and food. Prolonged ingestion of fluoride adversely affects the teeth, bones and other organs and alters their anatomy and physiology. Fluoride excess is a risk factor in cardiovascular disease and other major diseases, including hypothyroidism, diabetes and obesity. Although anaesthesiologists may be aware of its skeletal and dental manifestations, other systemic manifestations, some of which may impact anaesthetic management are relatively unknown...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
H Schneider, R W Moser
The adaptive conversion of spiral arteries is essential for pregnancy physiology and incomplete conversion is associated with preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction. The anatomy of the uteroplacental circulation as well as the basic concept of nutrition of the foetus had been a matter of dispute among scientists for a long time. Based on the study of an autopsy of a pregnant uterus, Raissa Nitabuch was the first to give an accurate description of the uteroplacental circulation in her doctoral thesis in 1887...
April 2016: Placenta
Jason Silvestre, Ines C Lin, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic and plastic surgery residents receive unique training yet often compete for similar hand surgery fellowships. This study compared didactic hand surgery training during orthopedic and plastic surgery residency. METHODS: The Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam and Orthopaedic In-Training Examination were analyzed for hand content for the years 2009 to 2013. Topics were categorized with the content outline for the Surgery of the Hand Examination...
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tanvaa Tansatit, Hyoung-Jin Moon, Chalermquan Rungsawang, Benrita Jitaree, Sukanya Uruwan, Prawit Apinuntrum, Thavorn Phetudom
BACKGROUND: Dorsal nasal augmentation is an essential part of injection rhinoplasty on the Asian nose. Aesthetic physicians require detailed knowledge of the nasal anatomy to accurately and safely inject filler. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five histological cross sections were examined from 45 longitudinal strips of soft tissue harvested from the midline of the nose, beginning from the glabella to the nasal tip. Muscles and nasal cartilage were used as landmarks for vascular identification...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Carl K Schillhammer, John B Reid, Jamie Rister, Sunil S Jani, Sean C Marvil, Austin W Chen, Chris G Anderson, Sophia D'Agostino, James H Lubowitz
PURPOSE: To categorize and summarize up-to-date anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) research published in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine and systematically review each subcategory, beginning with ACL anatomy. METHODS: After searching for "anterior cruciate ligament" OR "ACL" in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine from January 2012 through December 2014, we excluded articles more pertinent to ACL augmentation; open growth plates; and meniscal, chondral, or multiligamentous pathology...
January 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Carlo Pellicciari
Especially in recent years, biomedical research has taken advantage of the progress in several disciplines, among which microscopy and histochemistry. To assess the influence of histochemistry in the biomedical field, the articles published during the period 2011-2015 have been selected from different databases and grouped by subject categories: as expected, biological and biomedical studies where histochemistry has been used as a major experimental approach include a wide of basic and applied researches on both humans and other animal or plant organisms...
2015: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
Ruth Richardson
The first edition of Anatomy Descriptive and Surgical (1858) was greeted with accolades, but also provoked serious controversy concerning Henry Gray's failure to acknowledge the work of earlier anatomists. A review in the Medical Times (1859) accused Gray of intellectual theft. The journal took the unusual step of substantiating its indictment by publishing twenty parallel texts from Gray and from a pre-existing textbook, Quain's Anatomy. At the recent "Vesalius Continuum" conference in Zakynthos, Greece (2014) Professor Brion Benninger disputed the theft by announcing from the floor the results of a computer analysis of both texts, which he reported exonerated Gray by revealing no evidence of plagiarism...
March 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Diana Costa Santos, Augusta Cardoso, João Matos Martins, Maria da Luz Barroso, Horácio Costa
BACKGROUND: The ligamentous system of the breast comprises a deep component, connecting the breast to the chest wall, and a superficial component, attached to the dermis and defining the breast contour. METHODS: A female patient with a family history of breast and ovarian cancer and presenting a bilateral fibrocystic mastopathy was submitted to surgical treatment with bilateral subcutaneous mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with implants. RESULTS: Intra-operatively, a strong ligament between the clavicle and the upper pole of the breast was identified...
February 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Berta Kowalska, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska
The ultrasonographic examination is currently increasingly used in imaging peripheral nerves, serving to supplement the physical examination, electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging. As in the case of other USG imaging studies, the examination of peripheral nerves is non-invasive and well-tolerated by patients. The typical ultrasonographic picture of peripheral nerves as well as the examination technique have been discussed in part I of this article series, following the example of the median nerve...
June 2012: Journal of Ultrasonography
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