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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885381/characteristics-of-medical-adverse-events-near-misses-associated-with-laparoscopic-thoracoscopic-surgery-a-retrospective-study-based-on-the-japanese-national-database-of-medical-adverse-events
#1
Takashige Abe, Sachiyo Murai, Yasuyuki Nasuhara, Nobuo Shinohara
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of adverse events/near misses during laparoscopic/thoracoscopic surgery. METHODS: Using relevant key words for minimally invasive surgeries, 540 records were identified in the database of the Japan Council for Quality Health Care. After data review and the classification of adverse events, 746 events associated with laparoscopic (laparo group) and/or thoracoscopic (thoraco group) surgery were identified...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856021/wrist-ultrasound-examination-scanning-technique-and-ultrasound-anatomy-part-2-ventral-wrist
#2
REVIEW
Cyprian Olchowy, Daniel Soliński, Mateusz Łasecki, Paweł Dąbrowski, Szymon Urban, Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz
Ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system is an important element of the diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. Clinical decisions, including those regarding surgical procedures, are often based solely on ultrasound imaging. However, detailed knowledge on the anatomy and a correct scanning technique are crucial for an accurate diagnosis. Modern ultrasonographic equipment allows obtaining detailed anatomical images of muscle tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels of the carpal area. Ventral wrist ultrasound is one of the most common diagnostic procedures in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826990/managing-the-left-atrial-appendage-in-atrial-fibrillation-current-state-of-the-art
#3
REVIEW
Waqaar Khawar, Nathan Smith, Saqib Masroor
BACKGROUND: Patients with atrial fibrillation are at increased risk for thromboembolic stroke originating predominantly in the left atrial appendage. To reduce the risk, the standard of care is anticoagulation. In addition, several devices for exclusion of the left atrial appendage have been developed. METHODS: PubMed was searched for articles relevant to left atrial appendage management. The resulting articles were reviewed as were relevant articles in their bibliographies...
August 19, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793810/remote-sensing-tropical-coral-reefs-the-view-from-above
#4
Sam J Purkis
Carbonate precipitation has been a common life strategy for marine organisms for 3.7 billion years, as, therefore, has their construction of reefs. As favored by modern corals, reef-forming organisms have typically adopted a niche in warm, shallow, well-lit, tropical marine waters, where they are capable of building vast carbonate edifices. Because fossil reefs form water aquifers and hydrocarbon reservoirs, considerable effort has been dedicated to understanding their anatomy and morphology. Remote sensing has a particular role to play here...
August 9, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665889/mri-of-the-central-lymphatic-system-indications-imaging-technique-and-pre-procedural-planning
#5
REVIEW
Vishwan Pamarthi, Waleska M Pabon-Ramos, Vincent Marnell, Lynne M Hurwitz
Magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being used to evaluate the lymphatic system. Advances in magnetic resonance (MR) software and hardware allow improved visualization of lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels. We describe how MR lymphangiography can be used to diagnose central lymphatic system anatomy and pathology, which can be used for diagnostic purposes or for pre-procedural planning.
August 2017: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661727/transcriptomic-perspectives-on-neocortical-structure-development-evolution-and-disease
#6
Ed S Lein, T Grant Belgard, Michael Hawrylycz, Zoltán Molnár
The cerebral cortex is the source of our most complex cognitive capabilities and a vulnerable target of many neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Transcriptomics offers a new approach to understanding the cortex at the level of its underlying genetic code, and rapid technological advances have propelled this field to the high-throughput study of the complete set of transcribed genes at increasingly fine resolution to the level of individual cells. These tools have revealed features of the genetic architecture of adult cortical areas, layers, and cell types, as well as spatiotemporal patterning during development...
July 25, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656352/staying-out-of-double-bubble-and-bottoming-out-deformities-in-dual-plane-breast-augmentation-anatomical-and-clinical-study
#7
Marzia Salgarello, Giuseppe Visconti
BACKGROUND: Double-bubble and bottoming-out deformities represent the second most common reason for revision surgery in breast augmentation. Etiopathogenesis of these complications is still unclear. The aim of this paper is to report our findings in breast cadaver dissections focusing on the inframammary fold (IMF) applied anatomy and to critically review our ten-year experience in breast augmentation. METHODS: A cadaveric study has been performed on four consecutive embalmed cadavers...
June 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508263/new-insights-into-the-anatomy-of-the-midface-musculature-and-its-implications-on-the-nasolabial-fold
#8
Chelsea C Snider, Ashley N Amalfi, Lauren E Hutchinson, Nicole Z Sommer
BACKGROUND: The prominent nasolabial fold is a distinct feature of the aging midface. As minimally invasive procedures have become mainstream, chemodenervation is a preferred method for treating dynamic facial rhytids. We therefore sought to identify relevant nasolabial fold and midfacial muscular anatomy to determine the ideal location of neuromodulation to improve the aesthetics of the midface and nasolabial fold without altering the upper lip and smile. METHODS: Twelve hemifacial cadaveric dissections were performed to identify midface muscle origin, insertion, width, vector of pull, and neighboring structures...
May 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473073/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-known-or-suspected-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-adult
#9
Pamela K Woodard, Vincent B Ho, Scott R Akers, Garth Beache, Richard K J Brown, Kristopher W Cummings, S Bruce Greenberg, James K Min, Arthur E Stillman, Jadranka Stojanovska, Jill E Jacobs
The incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been increasing in the adult patient population in part as a result of better patient survival. Patients with more severe CHD are living longer. Nearly all adults with known CHD require periodic imaging as a means of monitoring their disease process. Furthermore, adult patients with suspected CHD require imaging as a means of definitive diagnosis. As a result, it is important for both the referring clinician and the imager to be aware of the most appropriate imaging modality needed to obtain the data most needed to direct the next steps in patient care...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441114/neural-circuitry-of-reward-prediction-error
#10
Mitsuko Watabe-Uchida, Neir Eshel, Naoshige Uchida
Dopamine neurons facilitate learning by calculating reward prediction error, or the difference between expected and actual reward. Despite two decades of research, it remains unclear how dopamine neurons make this calculation. Here we review studies that tackle this problem from a diverse set of approaches, from anatomy to electrophysiology to computational modeling and behavior. Several patterns emerge from this synthesis: that dopamine neurons themselves calculate reward prediction error, rather than inherit it passively from upstream regions; that they combine multiple separate and redundant inputs, which are themselves interconnected in a dense recurrent network; and that despite the complexity of inputs, the output from dopamine neurons is remarkably homogeneous and robust...
July 25, 2017: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383365/design-and-validation-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-flexible-canine-otoscopy-teaching-model
#11
Belle Marie D Nibblett, Mary Mauldin Pereira, Fortune Sithole, Paul A D Orchard, Eric B Bauman
INTRODUCTION: A teaching model was sought to improve canine otoscopy skill and reduce use of teaching dogs. METHODS: An otoscopy teaching model was printed in a flexible medium on a desktop three-dimensional printer from a magnetic resonance image of a canine external ear canal. The model was mounted in a polyvinyl dog mannequin. Validation of the teaching model was sought from student, faculty, and dog perspective. Student perception of prelaboratory training was assessed using a survey regarding their experience...
April 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378185/cervico-mental-angle-suspensory-ligament-the-keystone-to-understand-the-cervico-mental-angle-and-the-ageing-process-of-the-neck
#12
Daniel Labbé, Cynthia Souza Martins Rocha, Franklin de Souza Rocha
The authors performed cadaveric dissections to investigate the existence of an anatomical structure creating and maintaining the cervical mental angle, aiming to understand the anatomical bases of the cervico-mental angle and its modifications over time. Six fresh cadaver dissections were performed; four were done in the Caen University anatomy laboratory one in Paris XV University and one in the Coventry University hospital, England. At the end of this investigation, the authors were able to demonstrate the existence of an anatomical structure in the neck, the cervico-mental angle suspensory ligament...
August 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373141/spine-hip-relations-add-understandings-to-the-pathophysiology-of-femoro-acetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
C Rivière, A Hardijzer, J-Y Lazennec, P Beaulé, S Muirhead-Allwood, J Cobb
Relationship between hip pathoanatomy and symptomatic FAI has been reported to be weak. This is explained by the reciprocal interaction between proximal femur and acetabular anatomies, but potentially also by the individual spine-hip relations (SHR). The key-answer for a complete understanding of the pathophysiology of FAI might lie in the comprehension of the SHRs, which have not yet been fully addressed. Therefore we conducted a systematic review to answer the subsequent questions: Is there any evidence of a relationship between FAI and (1) sagittal pelvic kinematics, (2) pelvic incidence, and (3) types of SHRs? A systematic review of the existing literature utilizing PubMed and Google search engines was performed in December 2016...
June 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314908/anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#14
REVIEW
C Clerico, A Lari, A Mojallal, F Boucher
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the "normal" vulva...
June 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251026/publication-rates-and-inconsistencies-of-the-abstracts-presented-at-the-national-anatomy-congresses-in-2007-and-2008
#15
İlke Ali Gürses, Özcan Gayretli, Başak Gürtekin, Adnan Öztürk
BACKGROUND: Despite significant efforts made for, most abstracts presented during a meeting do not proceed and publish as a manuscript in scientific journals. AIMS: To investigate publication rates of national anatomy congresses. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. METHODS: All abstracts presented at two annual meetings in 2007 and 2008 were extracted. PubMed and Google Scholar database search used for publication history...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248411/reflective-journals-unmasking-student-perceptions-of-anatomical-education
#16
Lelika Lazarus, Reshma Sookrajh, Kapil Sewsaran Satyapal
In medical education, reflection has been considered to be a core skill in professional competence. The anatomy laboratory is an ideal setting for faculty/student interaction and provides invaluable opportunities for active learning and reflection on anatomical knowledge. This study was designed to record student attitudes regarding human cadaveric dissection, explore their experiences of anatomy through an analysis of their journal-reflective writings and determine whether this type of creative writing had a beneficial effect on those students who chose to complete them...
March 1, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246506/papilian-s-anatomy-celebrating-six-decades
#17
Dinu Iuliu Dumitraşcu, Carmen Bianca Crivii, Iulian Opincariu
Victor Papilian was born an artist, during high school he studied music in order to become a violinist in two professional orchestras in Bucharest. Later on he enrolled in the school of medicine, being immediately attracted by anatomy. After graduating, with a briliant dissertation, he became a member of the faculty and continued to teach in his preferred field. His masters, Gh. Marinescu and Victor Babes, proposed him for the position of professor at the newly established Faculty of Medicine of Cluj. Here he reorganized the department radically, created an anatomy museum and edited the first dissection handbook and the first Romanian anatomy (descriptive and topographic) treatise, both books received with great appreciation...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243306/canal-configuration-of-mesiobuccal-roots-in-permanent-maxillary-first-molars-in-iranian-population-a-systematic-review
#18
Mandana Naseri, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Sepanta Hosseinpour
OBJECTIVES: It is essential for clinicians to have adequate knowledge about root canal configurations; although its morphology varies largely in different ethnicities and even in different individuals with the same ethnic background. The current study aims to review the root canal configurations of mesiobuccal roots of maxillary first molars in an Iranian population based on different epidemiological studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to retrieve articles related to root canal configuration and prevalence of each type of root canal based on Vertucci's classification for the mesiobuccal root of maxillary first molars...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204937/a-new-approach-to-upper-eyelid-reconstruction
#19
A Bulla, C Vielà, L Fiorot, A Bolletta, E Pancrazi, G V Campus
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of large defects of the upper eyelid is challenging because of its complex anatomy and specialized function. The aim of this work is to develop a single-stage reconstruction procedure based on a new approach. The technique consists of the advancement of an orbicularis oculi myocutaneous flap designed within the blepharoplasty skin excision pattern. METHODS: After the tumor's excision is completed with clear margins, the borders of the flap are incised down to the submuscular plane inside the classical pattern of upper eyelid blepharoplasty...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161481/munich-anatomy-and-the-distribution-of-bodies-from-the-stadelheim-execution-site-during-national-socialism
#20
Mathias Schütz, Jens Waschke, Georg Marckmann, Florian Steger
During the reign of National Socialism (NS) anatomical institutes regularly received bodies of executed prisoners in steadily increasing numbers. After 1939, the execution site at Stadelheim prison in Munich supplied not only Munich anatomy but also the institutes in Erlangen, Innsbruck and Würzburg. Due to the disappearance of the Munich body journals, the exact dimension and procedure of body procurement from Stadelheim remained unknown for 70 years. After consultation of a wide range of sources, including rediscovered fragments of the body journals, it is now possible to give an almost comprehensive account of the developments...
February 2, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
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