keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

journal of anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762114/pectoralis-major-tendon-insertion-anatomy-and-description-of-a-novel-anatomic-reference
#1
Joseph H Dannenbaum, Michael D Eckhoff, Joseph W Galvin, Betsey K Bean, David J Wilson, Edward D Arrington
Pectoralis major rupture is an uncommon injury often treated surgically, requiring anatomic knowledge of the tendon insertion. This study defines the pectoralis major tendon insertion footprint and a novel anatomic relationship. Twelve cadaver shoulders were evaluated andmeasured using a standard surgical ruler to demonstrate the normal anatomic footprint. Measurements were taken from the anterior medial margin of the articular surface of the humeral head to the superior margin of the pectoralis major insertion and its relation to the latissimus dorsi tendon insertion...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727596/the-accessory-olfactory-system-innately-specialized-or-microcosm-of-mammalian-circuitry
#2
Timothy E Holy
In mammals, the accessory olfactory system is a distinct circuit that has received attention for its role in detecting and responding to pheromones. While the neuroscientific investigation of this system is comparatively new, recent advances and its compact size have made it an attractive model for developing an end-to-end understanding of such questions as regulation of essential behaviors, plasticity, and individual recognition. Recent discoveries have indicated a need to reevaluate our conception of this system, suggesting that (a) physical principles-rather than biological necessity-play an underappreciated role in its raison d'être and that (b) the anatomy of downstream projections is not dominated by unique specializations but instead consists of an abbreviated cortical/basal ganglia motif reminiscent of other sensorimotor systems...
May 4, 2018: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679100/g-spotplasty-a-new-surgical-plastic-intervention-the-preliminary-study
#3
Adam Ostrzenski
BACKGROUND: Ostrzenski's G-pot anatomical structure discovery has been verified by the anatomy, histology, MRI in vivo, and electrovaginography in vivo studies. The objectives of this scientific-clinical investigation were to develop a new surgical reconstructive intervention (G-spotplasty); to determine the ability of G-spotplasty surgical implementation; to observe for potential complications; and to gather initial information on whether G-spotplasty improves female sexual activity, sexual behaviors, and sexual concerns...
April 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579400/biomolecular-ultrasound-and-sonogenetics
#4
David Maresca, Anupama Lakshmanan, Mohamed Abedi, Avinoam Bar-Zion, Arash Farhadi, George J Lu, Jerzy O Szablowski, Di Wu, Sangjin Yoo, Mikhail G Shapiro
Visualizing and modulating molecular and cellular processes occurring deep within living organisms is fundamental to our study of basic biology and disease. Currently, the most sophisticated tools available to dynamically monitor and control cellular events rely on light-responsive proteins, which are difficult to use outside of optically transparent model systems, cultured cells, or surgically accessed regions owing to strong scattering of light by biological tissue. In contrast, ultrasound is a widely used medical imaging and therapeutic modality that enables the observation and perturbation of internal anatomy and physiology but has historically had limited ability to monitor and control specific cellular processes...
March 26, 2018: Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561702/neural-mechanisms-of-social-cognition-in-primates
#5
Marco K Wittmann, Patricia L Lockwood, Matthew F S Rushworth
Activity in a network of areas spanning the superior temporal sulcus, dorsomedial frontal cortex, and anterior cingulate cortex is concerned with how nonhuman primates negotiate the social worlds in which they live. Central aspects of these circuits are retained in humans. Activity in these areas codes for primates' interactions with one another, their attempts to find out about one another, and their attempts to prevent others from finding out too much about themselves. Moreover, important features of the social world, such as dominance status, cooperation, and competition, modulate activity in these areas...
March 21, 2018: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561275/bodies-for-anatomy-education-in-medical-schools-an-overview-of-the-sources-of-cadavers-worldwide
#6
Juri L Habicht, Claudia Kiessling, Andreas Winkelmann
The International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) recommended in 2012 that only donated bodies be used for anatomy teaching and research. However, in many countries around the world, anatomists still depend on bodies that do not stem from voluntary donations by the deceased, but rather are "unclaimed." A broad search of the literature was conducted to produce a baseline overview of the sources of cadavers used for anatomy teaching in undergraduate medical curricula on a global scale...
March 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505729/advanced-endoscopic-navigation-surgical-big-data-methodology-and-applications
#7
Xiongbao Luo, Kensaku Mori, Terry M Peters
Interventional endoscopy (e.g., bronchoscopy, colonoscopy, laparoscopy, cystoscopy) is a widely performed procedure that involves either diagnosis of suspicious lesions or guidance for minimally invasive surgery in a variety of organs within the body cavity. Endoscopy may also be used to guide the introduction of certain items (e.g., stents) into the body. Endoscopic navigation systems seek to integrate big data with multimodal information (e.g., computed tomography, magnetic resonance images, endoscopic video sequences, ultrasound images, external trackers) relative to the patient's anatomy, control the movement of medical endoscopes and surgical tools, and guide the surgeon's actions during endoscopic interventions...
March 5, 2018: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494214/facet-joints-of-the-spine-structure-function-relationships-problems-and-treatments-and-the-potential-for-regeneration
#8
Siobhan A O'Leary, Nikolaos K Paschos, Jarrett M Link, Eric O Klineberg, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
The zygapophyseal joint, a diarthrodial joint commonly referred to as the facet joint, plays a pivotal role in back pain, a condition that has been a leading cause of global disability since 1990. Along with the intervertebral disc, the facet joint supports spinal motion and aids in spinal stability. Highly susceptible to early development of osteoarthritis, the facet is responsible for a significant amount of pain in the low-back, mid-back, and neck regions. Current noninvasive treatments cannot offer long-term pain relief, while invasive treatments can relieve pain but fail to preserve joint functionality...
March 1, 2018: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490197/basic-and-translational-neuroscience-of-childhood-onset-dystonia-a-control-theory-perspective
#9
Terence D Sanger
Dystonia is a collection of symptoms with involuntary muscle activation causing hypertonia, hyperkinetic movements, and overflow. In children, dystonia can have numerous etiologies with varying neuroanatomic distribution. The semiology of dystonia can be explained by gain-of-function failure of a feedback controller that is responsible for stabilizing posture and movement. Because postural control is maintained by a widely distributed network, many different anatomic regions may be responsible for symptoms of dystonia, although all features of dystonia can be explained by uncontrolled activation or hypersensitivity of motor cortical regions that can cause increased reflex gain, inserted postures, or sensitivity to irrelevant sensory variables...
February 28, 2018: Annual Review of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464382/repair-of-the-severe-muscle-aponeurotic-abdominal-laxity-with-alloplastic-mesh-in-aesthetic-abdominoplasty
#10
Alberto M L Caldeira, Kelly Carrión, John Jaulis
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty is the most frequently performed surgical procedure for body contour; in our experience, we have observed some patients with prominent bulging that is difficult to treat and that presents results that are unsatisfactory or have recurrences to conventional treatments. This leads us to carry out an analysis of the elements responsible for the containment and abdominal format. We determined that it may be due to an inability of an important sagging aponeurotic muscle of primary origin to support the abdomen and could be caused by predisposing factors...
February 20, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302733/the-inclusion-of-orbicularis-oculi-muscle-in-the-smas-flap-in-asian-facelift-anatomical-consideration-of-orbicularis-muscle-and-zygomaticus-major-muscle
#11
Min-Hee Ryu, Victor A Moon, Weimin Yin
BACKGROUND: In the malar region, the SMAS flap can be thin and tear easily, making it difficult to securely fix it. And the surgical anatomy of the region may be unclear and confusing. The authors performed an anatomical study on the location of the lateral margin of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) and the origin of the zygomaticus major muscle (ZMM) when using a high-SMAS facelift with finger-assisted spaces dissection technique, which included elevation of the SMAS flap with OOM...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287137/maternal-hyperoxygenation-a-potential-therapy-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-fetuses-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#12
Jennifer Co-Vu, Dalia Lopez-Colon, Himesh V Vyas, Natalie Weiner, Curt DeGroff
OBJECTIVES: To assess efficacy, safety, outcomes, and intrauterine complications following maternal hyperoxygenation (MH) therapy in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A systematic review was performed following an electronic search of databases. Articles were published before January 1, 2017, in an English-language and non-English-language journals (with English translations), and included human fetuses and expectant mothers with a fetal diagnosis of CHD who received MH...
December 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273934/ethnic-rhinoplasty-in-female-patients-the-neoclassical-canons-revisited
#13
Ahmad Saad, Sierra Hewett, Megan Nolte, Flore Delaunay, Mariam Saad, Steven R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial amount of research devoted to objectively defining facial attractiveness, the canons have remained a paradigm of aesthetic facial analysis, yet their omnipresence in clinical assessments revealed their limitations outside of a subset of North American Caucasians, leading to criticism about their validity as a standard of facial beauty. In an effort to introduce more objective treatment planning into ethnic rhinoplasty, we compared neoclassical canons and other current standards pertaining to nasal proportions to anatomic proportions of attractive individuals from seven different ethnic backgrounds...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191125/the-2017-aans-presidential-address-a-world-of-innovation
#14
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170576/early-jurassic-diversification-of-pycnodontiform-fishes-actinopterygii-neopterygii-after-the-end-triassic-extinction-event-evidence-from-a-new-genus-and-species-grimmenodon-aureum
#15
Sebastian Stumpf, Jörg Ansorge, Cathrin Pfaff, Jürgen Kriwet
A new genus and species of pycnodontiform fishes, Grimmenodon aureum , from marginal marine, marine-brackish lower Toarcian ( Harpoceras exaratum ammonite subzone) clay deposits of Grimmen in northeastern Germany is described. The single specimen represents a diagnostic left prearticular dentition characterized by unique tooth arrangement and ornamentation patterns. Grimmenodon aureum , gen. et sp. nov., is the second unambiguously identified pycnodontiform species from the Early Jurassic, in addition to Eomesodon liassicus from the early Lower Jurassic of western Europe...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166149/journal-club-redefining-the-radiology-curriculum-in-medical-school-vertical-integration-and-global-accessibility
#16
Michele Retrouvey, Anthony Paul Trace, Craig W Goodmurphy, Sarah Shaves
OBJECTIVE: Radiology interconnects medical disciplines given that a working understanding of imaging is essential to clinicians of every specialty. Using online education, we created a globally accessible, web-based undergraduate medical radiology curriculum modeled after the National Medical Student Curriculum in Radiology program of the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventy-four radiology faculty-mentored video modules were produced, 50 of which were integrated into the 1st-year anatomy course...
January 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101986/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-multiple-gestations
#17
Phyllis Glanc, David A Nyberg, Nadia J Khati, Sandeep Prakash Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Tara Lynn Henrichsen, Liina Poder, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Therese M Weber, Carolyn M Zelop
Women with twin or higher-order pregnancies will typically have more ultrasound examinations than women with a singleton pregnancy. Most women will have at minimum a first trimester scan, a nuchal translucency evaluation scan, fetal anatomy scan at 18 to 22 weeks, and one or more scans in the third trimester to evaluate growth. Multiple gestations are at higher risk for preterm delivery, congenital anomalies, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, vasa previa, and velamentous cord insertion. Chorionicity and amnionicity should be determined as early as possible when a twin pregnancy is identified to permit triage of the monochorionic group into a closer surveillance model...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101981/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-cranial-neuropathy
#18
Bruno Policeni, Amanda S Corey, Judah Burns, David B Conley, R Webster Crowley, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Amy F Juliano, Tabassum A Kennedy, Gul Moonis, Jeffrey S Pannell, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Joshua M Rosenow, Jason W Schroeder, Mathew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius
Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ. MRI is the modality of choice with CT playing a complementary role, particularly in the evaluation of the bone anatomy. Since neoplastic and inflammatory lesions are prevalent on the differential diagnosis, contrast enhanced studies are preferred when possible...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049667/when-can-computed-tomography-fissure-analysis-replace-chartis-collateral-ventilation-assessment-in-the-prediction-of-patients-with-emphysema-who-might-benefit-from-endobronchial-valve-therapy
#19
Alfonso Fiorelli, Mario Santini, Pallav Shah
A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was when can computed tomography-fissure analysis replace Chartis collateral ventilation assessment in the prediction of patients with emphysema who might benefit from endobronchial valve therapy? Twelve papers were chosen to answer the question. The authors, date, journal, country of publication and study type; patient group studied; relevant outcomes and results of these papers were tabulated. Five studies retrospectively compared the prognostic value of 2 methods...
February 1, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022090/radiologic-evaluation-of-patients-undergoing-the-modified-appleby-procedure-for-locally-advanced-pancreatic-neoplasms-a-case-series
#20
Merel A T Vergauwen, Michele Perillo, Alejandro Garces-Descovich, Courtney E Barrows, A James Moser, Koenraad J Mortelé
PURPOSE: Despite advances in medical and surgical care, pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma remains one of the most locally aggressive neoplastic processes in the abdomen. Unfortunately, most pancreatic adenocarcinomas present late and are unresectable at time of diagnosis. The modified Appleby procedure is a surgical option in patients with locally advanced pancreatic neoplasms of the body and tail with vascular invasion of the celiac trunk. To our knowledge, no radiologic journal has previously reported on the pre-operative evaluation or postoperative imaging findings of such patients...
February 2018: Abdominal Radiology
keyword
keyword
105600
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"