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"Intraoperative fluid management"

Peter M Vila, Jason T Rich, Shaun C Desai
Microvascular free flap reconstruction has now become the standard of care in the reconstruction of selected head and neck defects. Although uncommon, flap failure is a catastrophic event that results in significant patient morbidity, extended length of hospitalization, and increased cost. However, there is currently no gold standard for measuring the quality of a reconstructive center. Structure and process outcomes have recently been developed, but outcome measures are still lacking. Areas for future research include preoperative nutrition, preoperative flap planning, intraoperative fluid management, appropriate thromboembolism prophylaxis, consistent perioperative antibiotic regimens, skilled ancillary staff, and clear outcome measures for performance measurement...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Scott E Regenbogen, Nirav J Shah, Stacey D Collins, Samantha Hendren, Michael J Englesbe, Darrell A Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To assess the variation in hospitals' approaches to intraoperative fluid management and their association with postoperative recovery. BACKGROUND: Despite increasing interest in goal-directed, restricted-volume fluid administration for major surgery, there remains little consensus on optimal strategies, due to the lack of institution-level studies of resuscitation practices. METHODS: Among 64 hospitals in a state-wide surgical collaborative, we profiled fluid administration practices during 8404 intestinal resections, 22,854 hysterectomies, and 1471 abdominopelvic endovascular procedures...
May 2017: Annals of Surgery
S Giacopuzzi, J Weindelmayer, E Treppiedi, M Bencivenga, M Ceola, S Priolo, M Carlini, G de Manzoni
This article is about an emerging issue in esophageal surgery: enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) Few data are published in literature and its safety and feasibility is still debated. The focus of our paper is on the feasibility of an ERAS protocol for esophagectomy (including both the Ivor-Lewis and McKeown procedure) in a high volume center comparing to a standard perioperative protocol. We introduced a novelty item on this type of surgery: resume of oral feeding in the first postoperative day. We analyzed the dropout rate for each item and the postoperative morbidity...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Christina H Shin, Dustin R Long, Duncan McLean, Stephanie D Grabitz, Karim Ladha, Fanny P Timm, Tharusan Thevathasan, Alberto Pieretti, Cristina Ferrone, Andreas Hoeft, Thomas W L Scheeren, Boyd Taylor Thompson, Tobias Kurth, Matthias Eikermann
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the dose-response relationship between intraoperative fluid administration and postoperative outcomes in a large cohort of surgical patients. BACKGROUND: Healthy humans may live in a state of fluid responsiveness without the need for fluid supplementation. Goal-directed protocols driven by such measures are limited in their ability to define the optimal fluid state during surgery. METHODS: This analysis of data on file included 92,094 adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery with endotracheal intubation between 2007 and 2014 at an academic tertiary care hospital and two affiliated community hospitals...
March 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
Torben Glatz, Birte Kulemann, Goran Marjanovic, Svenja Bregenzer, Frank Makowiec, Jens Hoeppner
BACKGROUND: Restrictive intraoperative fluid management is increasingly recommended for patients undergoing esophagectomy. Controversy still exists about the impact of postoperative fluid management on perioperative outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 335 patients who had undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer at the University Hospital Freiburg between 1996 and 2014 to investigate the relation between intra- and postoperative fluid management and postoperative morbidity after esophagectomy...
January 13, 2017: BMC Surgery
Malte Krömker, Patrick Lauscher, Harry Kertscho, Kai Zacharowski, Peter Rosenberger, Jens Meier
BACKGROUND: Restrictive intraoperative fluid management has been demonstrated to improve outcome of visceral and lung surgery in several studies. However, subsequent hypovolemia (HOV) may be accompanied by a decrease of anemia tolerance, resulting in increased transfusion needs. We therefore investigated the effect of volume status on anemia tolerance. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Eighteen domestic pigs of either sex (mean weight, 23.5 ± 4.8 kg) were anesthetized, ventilated, and randomized into three experimental groups: normovolemia (no intervention), HOV (blood loss of 40% of blood volume), and hypervolemia (HEV; volume infusion of 40% of blood volume)...
March 2017: Transfusion
J Murphy, G Goodall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Sanna L Lahtinen, Janne H Liisanantti, Meri M Poukkanen, Päivi A Laurila
BACKGROUND: Goal-directed fluid management using stroke volume variation (SVV) analysis is not well studied in free flap reconstruction surgery in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients operated due to cancer of the head and neck with free flap reconstruction during 2008-2010 and 2012-2014 in Oulu University Hospital were retrospectively evaluated to determine the impact of SVV-guided fluid management on perioperative fluid balance, postoperative complications and hospital length of stay (LOS)...
October 19, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Lindsay Wuellner, Lisa Sutton
The objectives of this review are to identify the effectiveness of esophageal Doppler monitoring (EDM) for goal-directed fluid therapy on postoperative outcomes during abdominal surgery when an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is implemented.The specific question of this review is: does the guidance of fluid management by EDM versus fluid management without EDM affect the length of hospital stay, occurrence of postoperative infection, hemodynamic stability and 30-day postoperative complication rate in adult patients undergoing major abdominal surgery with ERAS or similar programs?...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Akila Rajakumar, Shiwalika Gupta, Selvakumar Malleeswaran, Joy Varghese, Ilankumaran Kaliamoorthy, Mohamed Rela
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The perioperative management of patients presenting for simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT) is a complex process. We analysed SLKTs performed in our institution to identify preoperative, intraoperative and post-operative challenges encountered in the management. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the case records of 12 patients who underwent SLKT between 2009 and 2014 and analysed details of pre-operative evaluation and optimisation, intraoperative anaesthetic management and the implications of use of perioperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and the post-operative course of these patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Shigehisa Fumino, Junnosuke Maniwa, Yuki Takeuchi, Kohei Sakai, Mayumi Higashi, Shigeyoshi Aoi, Taizo Furukawa, Osamu Kimura, Tatsuro Tajiri
PURPOSE: Retroperitoneal teratomas (RTs) are rare among germ cell tumors and predominantly occur in infants. RTs are often difficult to manage by perioperative management. In this study, we retrospectively reviewed our series of RTs. METHODS: Seventy patients with germ cell tumors were treated from 1989 to 2015 in our institution. Fourteen patients had RTs (3 boys and 11 girls). The median age at diagnosis was 5.5 months (range 0-64), and three were antenatally diagnosed...
September 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Takeshi Kaida, Masaki Wakamatsu, Asami Machino, Hiroko Hirano, Yasuichiro Mori, Saeko Yamazaki, Shin Haku, Ai Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Major abdominal surgery accompanies the higher magnitude of physiological stress response and may require an additional replacement fluid for the redistributed volume. Intraoperative volume restriction strategy is recommended to avoid fluid overload leading to increased mortality. We conducted a comparative study of the perioperative effects of intraoperative fluid restriction in abdominal versus thoracic surgery. METHODS: Each 15 patients having major abdominal or thoracic surgery were studied prospectively...
October 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Mari Tsutsui, Sayaka Ishigaki, Ayana Kanaya, Saori Kawaguchi, Takahiro Ogura
BACKGROUND: Preoperative oral rehydration solution (ORS) prevents dehydration before surgery. Therefore taking enough ORS possibly reduces the hemodynamic changes during induction of anesthesia, and reduces the amount of fluid needed during anesthesia. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing elective surgery were randomly assigned to two groups: drinking 1,500 ml ORS 6 to 2 hours before anesthesia (ORS group) and nothing by mouth from 6 hours before anesthesia (Control group)...
April 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Claudia M Santosa, David D Rose, Neal W Fleming
Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) is the foundation of cardiac function assessment. Because of difficulties and risks associated with its direct measurement, correlates of LVEDP derived by pulmonary artery (PA) catheterization or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are commonly adopted. TEE has the advantage of being less invasive; however TEE-based estimation of LVEDP using correlates such as left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) has technical difficulties that limit its clinical usefulness...
2015: BioMed Research International
Magdalena Mierzewska-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Fluid therapy is essential for safe perioperative management. Numerous reports of serious complications, including brain damage and death of children, as a result of inappropriate fluid management, have been published. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of intraoperative fluids on serum glucose and electrolytes concentrations as well as serum osmolality. METHODS: 91 children, ASA I and II, undergoing elective ENT surgery were enrolled to this prospective, randomized, open-label study...
2015: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
Judy Thompson
Evidence-based medicine has been slow to address the critically important issue of intraoperative fluid maintenance for surgical patients. A "rule" published by Holliday and colleagues in 1957 was the accepted practice for the initial calculation of fluid maintenance for nearly 50 years. Using this formula, the nil per os fluid deficit was based on how long it had been since the preoperative patient had last consumed anything by mouth, even water. New technology and monitoring modalities are being used to guide evidence-supported intraoperative care, leading to better outcomes for surgical patients...
March 2015: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
Patrick Y Wuethrich, Fiona C Burkhard
Cystectomy and urinary diversion have high morbidity, and strategies to reduce complications are of utmost importance. Epidural analgesia and optimized fluid management are considered key factors contributing to successful enhanced recovery after surgery. In colorectal surgery, there is strong evidence that an intraoperative fluid management aiming for a postoperative zero fluid balance results in lower morbidity including a faster return of bowel function. Recently, a randomized clinical trial focusing on radical cystectomy demonstrated that a restrictive intraoperative hydration combined with a concomitant administration of norepinephrine reduced intraoperative blood loss, the need for blood transfusion and morbidity...
April 2015: Current Urology Reports
Vaughn E Nossaman, William S Richardson, James B Wooldridge, Bobby D Nossaman
BACKGROUND: Studies are unclear regarding optimal intraoperative fluid management during laparoscopic bariatric surgery. The purpose of this 1-year study was to investigate the role of intraoperative fluid administration on hospital length of stay (hLOS) and postoperative complications in laparoscopic bariatric surgery. METHODS: Patient data analyzed included previously reported demographics, comorbidities, and intraoperative fluid administration on the duration of hLOS and incidence of postoperative complications...
October 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
I K Moppett, M Rowlands, A Mannings, C G Moran, M D Wiles
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a condition with high mortality and morbidity in elderly frail patients. Intraoperative fluid optimization may be associated with benefit in this population. We investigated whether intraoperative fluid management using pulse-contour analysis cardiac monitoring, compared with standard care in patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia, would provide benefits in terms of reduced time until medically fit for discharge and postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients undergoing surgical repair of fractured neck of femur, aged >60 yr, receiving spinal anaesthesia were enrolled in this single-centre, blinded, randomized, parallel group trial...
March 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Timothy E Miller, Anthony M Roche, Michael Mythen
Optimal perioperative fluid management is an important component of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) pathways. Fluid management within ERAS should be viewed as a continuum through the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative phases. Each phase is important for improving patient outcomes, and suboptimal care in one phase can undermine best practice within the rest of the ERAS pathway. The goal of preoperative fluid management is for the patient to arrive in the operating room in a hydrated and euvolemic state...
February 2015: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
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