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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#1
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723828/social-disparities-in-early-intervention-service-use-and-provider-reported-outcomes
#2
Mary A Khetani, Zachary Richardson, Beth M McManus
OBJECTIVE: To describe social disparities in early intervention (EI) service use and provider-reported outcomes. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of administrative data to ascertain EI service use of all EI and discipline-specific services and child and family characteristics. Adjusted logistic regression models estimated the odds of receiving each type of core EI service. Adjusted median regression models estimated differences in EI intensity for each type of core EI service...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#3
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721101/survey-of-malaria-and-anti-dengue-virus-igg-among-febrile-hiv-infected-patients-attending-a-tertiary-hospital-in-abuja-nigeria
#4
Jelili Olaide Mustapha, Anthony Uchenna Emeribe, Idris Abdullahi Nasir
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are infections, of great public health concern, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the burden of HIV infection is high. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of dengue virus IgG antibodies and dengue/malaria coinfection among febrile HIV-infected patients attending the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples from 178 consenting HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy were collected and tested for plasmodiasis and anti-Dengue virus IgG using malaria microscopy and ELISA, respectively...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719996/efficacy-of-short-term-robot-assisted-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-hand-paralysis-after-stroke-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Jorge H Villafañe, Giovanni Taveggia, Silvia Galeri, Luciano Bissolotti, Chiara Mullè, Grace Imperio, Kristin Valdes, Alberto Borboni, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effectiveness of robot-assisted motion and activity in additional to physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) on stroke patients with hand paralysis. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Thirty-two patients, 34.4% female (mean ± SD age: 68.9 ± 11.6 years), with hand paralysis after stroke participated. The experimental group received 30 minutes of passive mobilization of the hand through the robotic device Gloreha (Brescia, Italy), and the control group received an additional 30 minutes of PT and OT for 3 consecutive weeks (3 d/wk) in addition to traditional rehabilitation...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719391/pediatric-and-congenital-hand-transplantation
#6
Sandra Amaral, L Scott Levin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the approach and challenges associated with pediatric hand transplantation, including new knowledge gleaned from our recent case of bilateral hand-forearm transplantation in an 8-year old child. RECENT FINDINGS: Bilateral heterologous hand-forearm transplantation was performed in a child with a prior kidney transplant in July 2015. The initial surgery necessitated a large team of experts in microvascular surgery, transplant surgery, orthopedics and plastic surgery as well as pediatric anesthesia...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716899/hdac1-upregulation-by-nanog-promotes-multidrug-resistance-and-a-stem-like-phenotype-in-immune-edited-tumor-cells
#7
Kwon-Ho Song, Chel Hun Choi, Hyo-Jung Lee, Se Jin Oh, Seon Rang Woo, Soon-Oh Hong, Kyung Hee Noh, Hanbyoul Cho, Eun Joo Chung, Jae-Hoon Kim, Joon-Yong Chung, Stephen M Hewitt, Seungki Baek, Kyung-Mi Lee, Cassian Yee, Minjoo Son, Chih-Ping Mao, T-C Wu, Tae Woo Kim
Cancer immunoediting drives the adaptation of tumor cells to host immune surveillance. Immunoediting driven by antigen (Ag)-specific T cells enriches NANOG expression in tumor cells, resulting in a stem-like phenotype and immune resistance. Here we identify HDAC1 as a key mediator of the NANOG-associated phenotype. NANOG upregulated HDAC1 through promoter occupancy, thereby decreasing histone H3 acetylation on K14 and K27. NANOG-dependent, HDAC1-driven epigenetic silencing of cell cycle inhibitor CDKN2D and CDKN1B induced stem-like features...
July 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716513/update-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-within-pediatric-patients
#8
Jeffrey Rabin, Mackenzie Brown, Sean Alexander
Pediatric chronic pain is a challenging entity to evaluate and treat as it encompasses a wide variety of presentations often with overlapping psychosocial implications. Chronic pain may have significant effects upon a child's involvement in academic, athletic, and social participation. If unrecognized, it may have deleterious effects upon family interactions and stability. The treatment of pediatric chronic pain is focused on not only providing analgesia, but also on assisting the child and family with reintegrating into a more functional lifestyle...
July 14, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714166/emeritus-professor-sylvia-rodger-am-australian-occupational-therapy-champion-and-visionary
#9
Louise Gustafsson, Ted Brown, Carol McKinstry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714155/advancements-in-measurement-and-methodology-in-occupational-therapy-the-contribution-of-professor-sylvia-rodger
#10
Reinie Cordier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713659/a-descriptive-report-of-early-mobilization-for-critically-ill-ventilated-patients-with-cancer
#11
Amanda Weeks, Claudine Campbell, Prabalini Rajendram, Weiji Shi, Louis Voigt
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization protocols have been successfully implemented to improve function in critically ill patients; however, no study has focused on the oncology population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of early mobilization and describe the rehabilitation interventions and discharge outcomes in a cohort of critically ill patients with cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with cancer who participated in occupational and physical therapy while on mechanical ventilation utilizing an institutional early mobilization protocol from June 2010 - July 2011, was completed...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713032/psychosocial-rehabilitation-after-war-trauma-with-adaptive-disclosure-design-and-rationale-of-a-comparative-efficacy-trial
#12
Julie D Yeterian, Danielle S Berke, Brett T Litz
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from warzone exposure is associated with chronic and disabling social and occupational problems. However, functional impairment is rarely assessed or targeted directly in PTSD treatments, which instead focus on symptom reduction. Trauma-related contributors to diminished functioning, including guilt, shame, and anger resulting from morally compromising or loss-based war experiences, are also underemphasized. The goal of this clinical trial is to fill a substantial gap in the treatment of military-related PTSD by testing a modified Adaptive Disclosure (AD) therapy for war-related PTSD stemming from moral injury and traumatic loss focused on improving psychosocial functioning AD...
July 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711721/-supporting-nursing-midwifery-and-allied-health-professional-students-to-raise-concerns-with-the-quality-of-care-a-review-of-the-research-literature
#13
REVIEW
Frank Milligan, Mark Wareing, Michael Preston-Shoot, Yannis Pappas, Gurch Randhawa, Janine Bhandol
BACKGROUND: This article reports aspects of a systematic literature review commissioned by the UK Council of Deans of Health. The review collated and analysed UK and international literature on pre-registration healthcare students raising concerns with poor quality care. The research found in that review is summarised here. OBJECTIVE: To review research on healthcare students raising concerns with regard to the quality of practice published from 2009 to the present...
June 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711410/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-number-of-therapy-visits-after-distal-radius-fractures-using-a-new-provider-scored-clinical-severity-scale
#14
Eric Kirby, Sean Sparrow
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the distal radius are common as is a postfracture referral to occupational therapy (OT). This article examines factors that cause greater morbidity and a greater number of OT visits. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aims to analyze which of 5 common sequelae of the distal radius fracture is most significant for increasing the number of therapy visits. METHODS: Three-hundred Sixty charts were reviewed, and 89 were selected...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710787/continuing-competence-assessment-and-maintenance-in-occupational-therapy-scoping-review-with-stakeholder-consultation
#15
REVIEW
Christine T Myers, Nancy Schaefer, Ashley Coudron
BACKGROUND/AIM: Continuing competence activities hold the promise of improving health-care service quality, especially given concerns about system inefficiencies and fragmentation. The aim of this scoping review was to describe the assessment and maintenance of occupational therapists' continuing competence and identify knowledge gaps for future research. A secondary aim was comparing scoping review findings with those from other health-care fields and considering possible impact of varying international regulations...
July 14, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709763/the-role-of-occupational-voice-demand-and-patient-rated-impairment-in-predicting-voice-therapy-adherence
#16
Barbara Ebersole, Resha S Soni, Kathleen Moran, Miriam Lango, Karthik Devarajan, Nausheen Jamal
OBJECTIVE: Examine the relationship among the severity of patient-perceived voice impairment, perceptual dysphonia severity, occupational voice demand, and voice therapy adherence. Identify clinical predictors of increased risk for therapy nonadherence. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of patients presenting with a chief complaint of persistent dysphonia at an interdisciplinary voice center was done. The Voice Handicap Index-10 (VHI-10) and the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) survey scores, clinician rating of dysphonia severity using the Grade score from the Grade, Roughness Breathiness, Asthenia, and Strain scale, occupational voice demand, and patient demographics were tested for associations with therapy adherence, defined as completion of the treatment plan...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709392/african-american-fathers-occupational-participation-keeping-the-mothers-in-a-positive-vibe
#17
Kris Pizur-Barnekow, David Pate, Katie Lazar, Nelly Paul, Kathleen Pritchard, George Morris
Infant mortality is a major public health issue in the United States that disproportionally affects African Americans. Evidence suggests reducing stress on African American women and engaging African American fathers may improve health and social outcomes for families. This study sought to understand the experiences of African American fathers through a positivistic lens and to inform future interventions that support father engagement. A descriptive, qualitative study using the Person, Environment, Occupation-Performance (PEO-P) model as a framework for analysis was conducted involving 45 fathers participating in four focus groups and one member-checking group...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704193/rehabilitation-of-patients-with-hip-joint-arthroplasty-late-post-surgery-period-hospital-rehabilitation
#18
Maya S Krastanova, Elena M Ilieva, Danelina E Vacheva
BACKGROUND: Hip joint replacement (endoprosthesis, alloplasty) has become one of the most frequent surgery interventions of the 20th century. AIM: To conduct rehabilitation therapy in the late post-surgery period of hospital rehabilitation (45 days after surgery), to track patients' progress and measure the results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty-two patients with hip joint endoprosthesis were included in the study. All underwent surgery and rehabilitation at the Department of Clinical Rehabilitation of the Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Clinic at Doctor G...
June 1, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703040/metformin-adjunct-therapy-in-cancer-treatment
#19
Ann R Lurati
An employee undergoing cancer treatment was prescribed metformin, a medication used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and currently used as adjunct therapy for cancer. Metformin's anti-inflammatory properties inhibit tumor growth. It is speculated that cancer cells develop a metabolism that enhances aerobic glycolysis, which promotes cell growth and increases the need for glucose. Metformin decreases insulin in the blood, which decreases the amount of glucose available to cancer cells, thus starving the cells of nutrition, resulting in cell death...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702118/comparison-of-nutech-functional-score-with-european-stroke-scale-for-patients-with-cerebrovascular-accident-treated-with-human-embryonic-stem-cells-nfs-for-cva-patients-treated-with-hescs
#20
Geeta Shroff
PURPOSE: Stem cell therapy is a promising modality for treatment of patients with chronic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in whom treatment other than physiotherapy or occupational therapy does not address the repair or recovery of the lost function. In this study, the author aimed at evaluating CVA patients treated with human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy and comparing their study outcomes with globally accepted European Stroke Scale (ESS) to that with novel scoring system, Nutech functional score (NFS), a 21-point positional and directional scoring system for assessing patients with CVA...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
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