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Occupational therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933961/17%C3%AE-estradiol-induces-proliferation-of-endometrial-nk-cells-cd56-in-postmenopausal-women
#1
T Sho, T Hachisuga, C Koi, T Kurita, S Kagami, T Kawagoe, Y Matsuura, K Yoshimura, M Hisaoka
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report was to evaluate the impact of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on lymphocytic infiltration of the endometrium in postmenopausal women. METHOD: This study included 58 Japanese patients who had undergone hysterectomy at the University Hospital of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan. Before surgery, nine patients had received 17β-estradiol (E2), 0.72 mg transdermally for 2-8 weeks (E2 group); 16 patients had received an Estra-1,3,5(10)-triene-3,16α, 17β-triol (E3) vaginal tablet 0...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930813/temporal-changes-in-prescription-of-neuropharmacologic-drugs-and-utilization-of-resources-related-to-neurologic-morbidity-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-bronchiolitis
#2
Steven L Shein, Katherine Slain, Deanne Wilson-Costello, Bryan McKee, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: Critically ill children with bronchiolitis may require neuropharmacologic medications and support for neuro-functional sequelae, but current practices are not well described. We aimed to describe recent trends in neuropharmacology and utilization of neuro-rehabilitation resources in mechanically ventilated children with bronchiolitis. DESIGN: Analysis of the multicenter Pediatric Health Information System database. SETTING: Forty-seven U...
September 19, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929925/content-analysis-of-a-participant-directed-intervention-to-optimize-activity-engagement-of-older-adult-cancer-survivors
#3
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Robin Newman, Anna M Adachi-Mejia, Jessica Whipple, Mark T Hegel
Many older adult cancer survivors reduce their activity level during and after cancer treatment. Occupational therapy interventions need to flexibly address various obstacles to occupational engagement that survivors may face. The aim of this analysis was to describe the content of a participant-directed occupational therapy intervention for older adults with cancer. Content analysis was used to describe the treatment session data from the experimental arm of a pilot randomized controlled trial in terms of activities addressed, obstacles reported, and treatment strategies utilized...
September 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926803/distribution-of-chromosome-breakpoints-in-benzene-exposed-and-unexposed-aml-patients
#4
Patrick J Kerzic, Richard D Irons
Results of laboratory studies and investigations of occupationally exposed healthy individuals have been used to develop a mode of action for benzene-induced leukemia that mirrors disease following treatment with chemotherapeutic agents. Recently we have described series of AML and MDS cases with benzene exposure history, and have provided cytogenetic, molecular, and pathologic evidence that these cases differ significantly in many features from therapy-related disease. Here we have extended this work, and describe chromosome breakpoints across 441 identifiable regions, in terms of gains or losses, in 710 AML cases collected during the Shanghai Health Study, which include 75 with a history of benzene exposure...
September 1, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924412/adding-access-to-a-video-magnifier-to-standard-vision-rehabilitation-initial-results-on-reading-performance-and-well-being-from-a-prospective-randomized-study
#5
Mary Lou Jackson, Kimberly A Schoessow, Alexandra Selivanova, Jennifer Wallis
PURPOSE: Both optical and electronic magnification are available to patients with low vision. Electronic video magnifiers are more expensive than optical magnifiers, but they offer additional benefits, including variable magnification and contrast. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of access to a video magnifier (VM) added to standard comprehensive vision rehabilitation (VR). METHODS: In this prospective study, 37 subjects with central field loss were randomized to receive standard VR (VR group, 18 subjects) or standard VR plus VM (VM group, 19 subjects)...
2017: Digital Journal of Ophthalmology: DJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923161/comparing-the-cognitive-process-of-circular-causality-in-two-patients-with-strokes-through-qualitative-analysis
#6
Seyed Alireza Derakhshanrad, Emily Piven, Bahareh Zeynalzadeh Ghoochani
Walter J. Freeman pioneered the neurodynamic model of brain activity when he described the brain dynamics for cognitive information transfer as the process of circular causality at intention, meaning, and perception (IMP) levels. This view contributed substantially to establishment of the Intention, Meaning, and Perception Model of Neuro-occupation in occupational therapy. As described by the model, IMP levels are three components of the brain dynamics system, with nonlinear connections that enable cognitive function to be processed in a circular causality fashion, known as Cognitive Process of Circular Causality (CPCC)...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923160/applying-the-neurodynamics-of-emotional-circular-causalities-in-psychosocial-and-cognitive-therapy-using-multi-sensory-environments-an-orbde-case-study-analysis
#7
Janice Ryan
This exploratory, evidence-based practice research study focuses on presenting a plausible mesoscopic brain dynamics hypothesis for the benefits of treating clients with psychosocial and cognitive challenges using a mindful therapeutic approach and multi-sensory environments. After an extensive neuroscientific review of the therapeutic benefits of mindfulness, a multi-sensory environment is presented as a window of therapeutic opportunity to more quickly and efficiently facilitate the neurobiological experience of becoming more mindful or conscious of self and environment...
October 2017: Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922004/behavioral-activation-in-the-treatment-of-metacognitive-dysfunctions-in-inhibited-type-personality-disorders
#8
Keely Gordon-King, Robert D Schweitzer, Giancarlo Dimaggio
Behavioral interventions are proposed as a critical treatment component in psychotherapy for personality disorders. The current study explores behavioral interventions as a mechanism of change in Metacognitive Interpersonal Therapy, an integrative psychotherapy for personality disorders. The goals and implementation of behavioral principles are illustrated through the single case study of Roger, a 57-year-old man diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder and depressive personality disorder. Transcripts of interviews and therapy sessions illustrate the role of behavioral interventions, including behavioral activation, in Roger's treatment...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918662/utility-of-the-iphone-4-gyroscope-application-in-the-measurement-of-wrist-motion
#9
Nuphar Lendner, Erik Wells, Idit Lavi, Yan Yan Kwok, Pak-Cheong Ho, Ronit Wollstein
BACKGROUND: Measurement of wrist range of motion (ROM) is important to all aspects of treatment and rehabilitation of upper extremity conditions. Recently, gyroscopes have been used to measure ROM and may be more precise than manual evaluations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of the iPhone gyroscope application and compare it with use of a goniometer, specifically evaluating its accuracy and ease of use. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated adult Caucasian participants, with no evidence of wrist pathology...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918446/favorable-surgical-outcomes-of-aldosterone-producing-adenoma-based-on-lateralization-by-ct-imaging-and-hypokalemia-a-non-avs-based-strategy
#10
Hai Li, Jianbin Liu, Xiujuan Feng, Liehua Liu, Guohong Wei, Xiaopei Cao, Yanbing Li
PURPOSE: To test the efficacy of a strategy based on CT imaging and clinical characteristics on lateralizing origin of excess aldosterone secretion in primary aldosteronism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients with diagnosed primary hyperaldosteronism from June 2006 to July 2012 in our center underwent adrenal surgeries without pre-operational adrenal venous sampling (AVS) if all the three criteria were met: (1) round- or oval-shaped occupational lesion of low density after contrast enhancement with diameter >1 cm on CT scan was located in one adrenal gland; (2) unequivocally normal contralateral adrenal gland; (3) serum potassium level lower than 3...
September 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915338/neurocognitive-psychosocial-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#11
Matthew J Ehrhardt, Daniel A Mulrooney, Chenghong Li, Malek J Baassiri, Kari Bjornard, John T Sandlund, Tara M Brinkman, I-Chan Huang, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Children with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) undergo treatment with central nervous system-directed therapy, the potentially neurotoxic effects of which have not been reported in NHL survivors. METHODS: NHL survivors (n = 187) participating in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort who were 10 or more years from their diagnosis and were 18 years old or older underwent neurocognitive, emotional distress (Brief Symptom Inventory 18), and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) assessments (36-Item Short Form Health Survey)...
September 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914424/new-perspectives-in-nanotherapeutics-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases
#12
Adriana Lopes da Silva, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Patricia Rieken Macedo Roccco, Marcelo Marcos Morales
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of people of all ages and in all countries suffer from chronic respiratory diseases, with particular negative consequences such as poor health-related quality of life, impaired work productivity, and limitations in the activities of daily living. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, occupational lung diseases (such as silicosis), cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the most common of these diseases, and none of them are curable with current therapies...
September 15, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912829/mental-health-leadership-and-patient-access-to-care-a-public-private-initiative-in-south-africa
#13
Christopher Paul Szabo, Jennifer Fine, Pat Mayers, Shan Naidoo, Tuviah Zabow
BACKGROUND: Mental health leadership is a critical component of patient access to care. More specifically, the ability of mental health professionals to articulate the needs of patients, formulate strategies and engage meaningfully at the appropriate level in pursuit of resources. This is not a skill set routinely taught to mental health professionals. METHODS: A public-private mental health leadership initiative, emanating from a patient access to care programme, was developed with the aim of building leadership capacity within the South African public mental health sector...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906142/educational-quality-of-youtube-videos-in-thumb-exercises-for-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-search-on-current-practice
#14
Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Raquel Cantero-Tellez, Kristin Valdes, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Pedro Berjano
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatments are commonly performed therapeutic interventions for the management of carpometacarpal (CMC) joint osteoarthritis (OA). Physical and occupational therapies are starting to use video-based online content as both a patient teaching tool and a source for treatment techniques. YouTube is a popular video-sharing website that can be accessed easily. The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of content and potential sources of bias in videos available on YouTube pertaining to thumb exercises for CMC OA...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901814/exploring-how-live-theaters-promote-participation-for-children-with-special-needs
#15
Tina S Fletcher, Jennifer L Parrish, Michelle L Sherman
AIM: Increasing usage of cultural arts venues by children with special needs has created a need to optimize participation planning. A team of three occupational therapy graduate students and one faculty researcher was invited to provide a local children's theater staff with training for supporting children with special needs. The team aimed to determine how their collaboration with the theater could contribute to understandings of best practices in community participation planning. METHOD: The team participated in theater events, conducted a facility assessment, interviewed staff members with varying role responsibilities, and surveyed staff before and after conducting a participation-planning workshop...
September 13, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901702/eating-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-students-enrolled-in-undergraduate-nutrition-and-dietetics-degrees
#16
Tetyana Rocks, Fiona Pelly, Gary Slater, Lisa A Martin
AIM: The prevalence of disordered eating has been frequently reported in university students; however, the prevalence amongst Australian undergraduate students studying degrees with a focus on nutrition is uncertain. The aims of this study were to: (i) assess eating attitudes and behaviours of students enrolled in nutrition and dietetics, (ii) compare those to students enrolled in another health degree of occupational therapy (OT) and (iii) explore possible relationships between eating attitudes and behaviours and other characteristics of both cohorts...
September 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898107/professionalism-across-occupational-therapy-practice-2017-by-elizabeth-d-deiuliis-345-pp-soft-cover-isbn-9781630910914-slack-incorporated-thorofare-nj-price-56-95
#17
Charles Shadle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895761/strategies-for-collaborating-with-children-creating-partnerships-in-occupational-therapy-and-research-1st-edition-2017-by-clare-curtin-phd-otr-422-pp-soft-cover-isbn-978-1-63091-104-1-slack-incorporated-thorofare-nj-price-59-95
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894784/blood-lead-levels-in-asymptomatic-opium-addict-patients-a-case-control-study
#19
Kazem Ghaemi, Atefeh Ghoreishi, Navid Rabiee, Samira Alinejad, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Alireza Amirabadi Zadeh, Mohammad Abdollahi, Omid Mehrpour
INTRODUCTION: One of the newest non-occupational sources of lead contamination is drug addiction, which has recently been addressed as a major source of lead poisoning in some countries. The present study aimed to investigate the blood lead level (BLL) of asymptomatic opium addicts. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted during a one-year period to compare BLL of three groups consisting of opium addicts, patients under methadone maintenance therapy (MMT), and healthy individuals...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893749/cross-sectional-comparative-study-of-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-hiv-infected-persons-initiated-and-waiting-to-start-antiretroviral-therapy-in-rural-rakai-uganda
#20
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Gertrude Nakigozi, Joseph Kagaayi, Fred Nalugoda, David Serwadda, Nelson Sewankambo, Ronald Gray, Anthony Ndyanabo, Richard Muwanika, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: To compare risky sexual behaviours between HIV-positive persons initiated on antiretroviral therapy (ART) (ART-experienced) and persons waiting to start on ART (ART-naive) and assess predictors of risky sexual behaviours among HIV-infected patients in rural Rakai district, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) database between 2013 and 2014. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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