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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225535/treatment-diary-for-botulinum-toxin-spasticity-treatment-a-pilot-study
#2
Bo Biering-Sørensen, Helle K Iversen, Inge M S Frederiksen, Jeanet R Vilhelmsen, Fin Biering-Sørensen
The aim of this study is to develop a treatment diary for patients receiving spasticity treatment including botulinum toxin injection and physiotherapy and/or occupational therapy. The diary focuses on problems triggered by skeletal muscle overactivity; agreed goals for treatment and the patient's self-evaluation of achievement on the Goal Attainment Scale; which skeletal muscles were injected; physiotherapists' and occupational therapists' evaluation of the patients' achievement of objectives on the Goal Attainment Scale; and proposals for optimization of treatment and changing goals...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222842/antimicrobial-use-for-and-resistance-of-zoonotic-bacteria-recovered-from-nonhuman-primates
#3
Jeffrey Kim, Dondrae J Coble, Gregory W Salyards, Julie K Bower, William J Rinaldi, Gail B Plauche, Gregory G Habing
As a growing threat to human and animal health, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a central public-health topic. Largescale surveillance systems, such as the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS), are now established to monitor and provide guidance regarding AMR, but comprehensive literature on AMR among NHP is sparse. This study provides data regarding current antimicrobial use strategies and the prevalence of AMR in zoonotic bacteria recovered from NHP within biomedical research institutions...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222552/comparison-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-and-conventional-occupational-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Si-Nae Ahn, Min-Ye Jung, Hae-Yean Park, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoo-Im Choi, Eun-Young Yoo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach based on cognitive strategy in occupational therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of CO-OP approach on occupational performance in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: This study was designed as a 5-week, randomized, single-blind. Forty-three participants who had a diagnosis of first stroke were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 20) or the control group (n = 23)...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219097/-work-anxieties-and-their-treatment-in-medical-rehabilitation-hand-tools-for-capacity-training-and-psychotherapy
#5
B Muschalla
Work-anxieties are often going along with workplace problems and long-term sick leave. Psychopathologically, different qualities of work anxiety can be distinguished: worrying, phobic anxiety, health-related anxiety, anxiety of insufficiency. An evaluation of a work-anxiety treatment showed that confronting patients with the topic work during medical rehabilitation leads to a better course. In work-oriented capacity trainings or behavior therapy groups, coping with everyday phenomena at work may be trained (self-presentation, social rules, work organization and problem solving, coping with chronic illness and impairment conditions)...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218600/research-opportunities-in-the-area-of-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
(no author information available yet)
The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) Evidence-Based Practice Project has developed a table summarizing the research opportunities on people with autism spectrum disorder. The table provides an overview of the state of the current available evidence on interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice and is based on the systematic reviews from the AOTA Evidence-Based Practice Guidelines Series. Researchers, students, and clinicians can use this information in developing innovative research to answer important questions within the occupational therapy field...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218599/using-a-multifaceted-approach-to-working-with-children-who-have-differences-in-sensory-processing-and-integration
#7
Stacey Reynolds, Tara J Glennon, Karla Ausderau, Roxanna M Bendixen, Heather Miller Kuhaneck, Beth Pfeiffer, Renee Watling, Kimberly Wilkinson, Stefanie C Bodison
Pediatric occupational therapy practitioners frequently provide interventions for children with differences in sensory processing and integration. Confusion exists regarding how best to intervene with these children and about how to describe and document methods. Some practitioners hold the misconception that Ayres Sensory Integration intervention is the only approach that can and should be used with this population. The issue is that occupational therapy practitioners must treat the whole client in varied environments; to do so effectively, multiple approaches to intervention often are required...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218597/single-case-experimental-design-current-standards-and-applications-in-occupational-therapy
#8
Justin D Lane, Jennifer R Ledford, David L Gast
Occupational therapy is a field with a long-standing history of recommending and implementing interventions designed to improve the quality of life of clients with disabilities. Often, the interventions are individualized to meet the needs of this diverse group of clients in dynamic settings. Identifying effective and efficient interventions for such a diverse group of clients and settings requires a flexible research approach. Single-case experimental designs (SCEDs) allow practitioners and researchers to answer experimental questions within the context of rigorous research designs...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218595/effect-of-home-modification-interventions-on-the-participation-of-community-dwelling-adults-with-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#9
Susan Stark, Marian Keglovits, Marian Arbesman, Deborah Lieberman
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review investigated the role of home modification interventions to improve participation outcomes for community-living adults and older adults. METHOD: Thirty-six articles met the inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies investigated older adult populations and used occupational therapists as interventionists. RESULTS: Strong evidence was found for home modification interventions to improve function for people with a variety of health conditions and for both single and multicomponent interventions that included home modifications to reduce the rate and risk of falls among older adults...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218591/explicit-or-hidden-exploring-how-occupation-is-taught-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-in-the-united-states
#10
Sheama Krishnagiri, Barb Hooper, Pollie Price, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: Occupation is considered core and threshold knowledge for occupational therapy, yet how it is conveyed through education is not well understood. This study examined how the concept of occupation was taught in occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant curricula in the United States. METHOD: Using a qualitative descriptive research design, in-depth interviews, video recordings, and artifacts of teaching occupation were collected from 25 programs, chosen using stratified random sampling...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218590/professional-reward-in-the-academic-fieldwork-coordinator-role
#11
Patricia Stutz-Tanenbaum, David Greene, Debra J Hanson, Jeanette Koski
The purpose of this national survey was to explore perceptions of professional reward among occupational therapist (OT) and occupational therapy assistant (OTA) academic fieldwork coordinators (AFWCs). Agreement was found in ranking the value of six role factors: (1) fieldwork data management, (2) fieldwork site management, (3) fieldwork teaching and consultation, (4) departmental and institutional compliance, (5) scholarship and accreditation, and (6) laying groundwork for students in fieldwork. Both levels of AFWC indicated teaching and consultation had the highest value and data management the least...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218588/psychometric-properties-of-the-parents-as-partners-in-intervention-papi-questionnaires
#12
Amiya Waldman-Levi, Idit Hirsch, Galia Gutwillig, Shula Parush
This article describes two studies that focused on parents' expectations and satisfaction with occupational therapy intervention for their children (N = 208). The first study determined the psychometric properties of the Parents as Partners in Intervention (PAPI) Questionnaire set (n = 146). The 2nd study examined parental expectations, satisfaction, and perception of their child's functional gains from individual- (n = 30 parents) and group- (n = 32 parents) based interventions. Overall, the results of these studies further support the PAPI Questionnaire set's validity and reliability and suggest that parents' expectations are high and not necessarily in line with their actual satisfaction with the outcomes of their child's intervention and functional gains...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218586/systematic-review-of-occupational-therapy-and-adult-cancer-rehabilitation-part-2-impact-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-and-psychosocial-sexuality-and-return-to-work-interventions
#13
Elizabeth G Hunter, Robert W Gibson, Marian Arbesman, Mariana D'Amico
This article is the second part of a systematic review of evidence for the effectiveness of cancer rehabilitation interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that address the activity and participation needs of adult cancer survivors. This article focuses on the use of multidisciplinary rehabilitation and interventions that address psychosocial outcomes, sexuality, and return to work. Strong evidence indicates that multidisciplinary rehabilitation benefits cancer survivors and that psychosocial strategies can reduce anxiety and depression...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218585/systematic-review-of-occupational-therapy-and-adult-cancer-rehabilitation-part-1-impact-of-physical-activity-and-symptom-management-interventions
#14
Elizabeth G Hunter, Robert W Gibson, Marian Arbesman, Mariana D'Amico
This article is the first part of a systematic review of evidence for the effectiveness of cancer rehabilitation interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that address the activity and participation needs of adult cancer survivors. This article focuses on the importance of physical activity and symptom management. Strong evidence supports the use of exercise for cancer-related fatigue and indicates that lymphedema is not exacerbated by exercise. Moderate evidence supports the use of yoga to relieve anxiety and depression and indicates that exercise as a whole may contribute to a return to precancer levels of sexual activity...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218584/occupational-engagement-in-low-income-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Alix G Sleight
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study examined the experience of occupational engagement in low-income Latina breast cancer survivors and suggests the potential for occupational therapy practitioners to improve health outcomes in this vulnerable and underserved population. METHOD: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 9 participants. Inductive analysis was used to code for themes and patterns related to occupational engagement and quality of life (QOL). RESULTS: Lack of occupational engagement negatively affected QOL, but participation in occupations such as religious activity and caregiving promoted well-being...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218583/taking-our-seat-at-the-table-community-cancer-survivorship
#16
Katie M Polo, Caitlin Smith
Cancer survivors are at risk for occupational performance issues related to activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, work, and social and community participation. Occupational therapy practitioners can address these performance issues by offering services within existing community cancer survivorship programs that focus on adaptive and compensatory strategies to facilitate meaningful lifestyles and optimize health and well-being. Occupational therapy services do not currently exist at these community sites, nor are occupational therapy practitioners recognized as providers in existing community cancer survivorship programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218582/primary-care-for-underserved-populations-navigating-policy-to-incorporate-occupational-therapy-into-federally-qualified-health-centers
#17
Aileen D Murphy, Vanessa M Griffith, Tracy M Mroz, Tracy L Jirikowic
Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) provide low- or no-cost primary care to medically underserved populations such as homeless or low-income people, migrant workers, and members of marginalized cultural groups. Occupational therapy services have the potential to help improve the health and functioning of FQHC patients. Using a FQHC serving American Indian/Alaska Native populations as a case example, we describe how occupational therapy is well suited to help meet the needs of medically underserved populations...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217267/results-of-the-belgian-sentinel-network-of-general-practitioners-on-the-involvement-of-therapists-in-stroke-rehabilitation
#18
Silke Francois, Viviane Van Casteren, Katrien Vanthomme, Liesbeth Borgermans, Dirk Devroey
This study examines which therapists are involved in the rehabilitation of stroke survivors in Belgium at different points in time. A nationwide registration of stroke patients was provided by 199 and 189 family physicians working in sentinel practices for the years 2009 and 2010 respectively. 326 patients who were diagnosed with stroke were included. Patients with paralysis/paresis received significant more physiotherapy after one month (63%) compared to non-paralysed patients (38%) (P = 0.005). Residing in a nursing home was associated with higher proportions of patients receiving physiotherapy, both after one (P = 0...
November 2, 2016: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210827/medical-conditions-and-demographic-service-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-atypical-antipsychotic-medication-use-among-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Johanna K Lake, Danica Denton, Yona Lunsky, Amy M Shui, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele, Evdokia Anagnostou
This study aimed to describe rates of antipsychotic medication use and the association between their use and demographics, clinical variables, and the use of behavioral/education services among children with ASD. For children with ASD ages 2-11 (n = 4749) and those 12-17 (n = 401), 5.4 and 17.7% were prescribed at least one atypical antipsychotic medication respectively. In the multivariable model of young children, older age, use of multiple psychotropic medications, prior ASD diagnosis, non-white Hispanic race/ethnicity, and oppositional defiant problems were associated with antipsychotic use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207842/evaluating-evidence-based-health-care-teaching-and-learning-in-the-undergraduate-human-nutrition-occupational-therapy-physiotherapy-and-speech-language-and-hearing-therapy-programs-at-a-sub-saharan-african-academic-institution
#20
Anel Schoonees, Anke Rohwer, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: It is important that all undergraduate healthcare students are equipped with evidence-based health care (EBHC) knowledge and skills to encourage evidence-informed decision-making after graduation. We assessed EBHC teaching and learning in undergraduate human nutrition (HN); occupational therapy (OT); physiotherapy (PT); and speech, language and hearing therapy (SPLH) programs at a sub-Saharan African university. METHODS: We used methodological triangulation to obtain a comprehensive understanding of EBHC teaching and learning: (1) through a document review of module guides, we identified learning outcomes related to pre-specified EBHC competencies; we conducted (2) focus group discussions and interviews of lecturers to obtain their perspectives on EBHC and on EBHC teaching and learning; and we (3) invited final year students (2013) and 2012 graduates to complete an online survey on EBHC attitudes, self-perceived EBHC competence, and their experience of EBHC teaching and learning...
2017: PloS One
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