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american journal of anatomy

Ahmad Saad, Sierra Hewett, Megan Nolte, Flore Delaunay, Mariam Saad, Steven R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Despite the substantial amount of research devoted to objectively defining facial attractiveness, the canons have remained a paradigm of aesthetic facial analysis, yet their omnipresence in clinical assessments revealed their limitations outside of a subset of North American Caucasians, leading to criticism about their validity as a standard of facial beauty. In an effort to introduce more objective treatment planning into ethnic rhinoplasty, we compared neoclassical canons and other current standards pertaining to nasal proportions to anatomic proportions of attractive individuals from seven different ethnic backgrounds...
April 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Frederick A Boop
The 2016 scientific meeting of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) focused on the theme "A World of Innovation." In his presidential address, 2016 AANS President Frederick Boop compared the historical development of the specialty of neurological surgery with that of the development of global communications. In the early years, general surgeons training in the United States would spend post-residency time abroad learning from surgical masters in Europe and other places. Since Harvey Cushing's day, neurosurgeons from around the world continue to travel abroad, with many now coming to America for training at centers of excellence...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Phyllis Glanc, David A Nyberg, Nadia J Khati, Sandeep Prakash Deshmukh, Kika M Dudiak, Tara Lynn Henrichsen, Liina Poder, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Therese M Weber, Carolyn M Zelop
Women with twin or higher-order pregnancies will typically have more ultrasound examinations than women with a singleton pregnancy. Most women will have at minimum a first trimester scan, a nuchal translucency evaluation scan, fetal anatomy scan at 18 to 22 weeks, and one or more scans in the third trimester to evaluate growth. Multiple gestations are at higher risk for preterm delivery, congenital anomalies, fetal growth restriction, placenta previa, vasa previa, and velamentous cord insertion. Chorionicity and amnionicity should be determined as early as possible when a twin pregnancy is identified to permit triage of the monochorionic group into a closer surveillance model...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Bruno Policeni, Amanda S Corey, Judah Burns, David B Conley, R Webster Crowley, H Benjamin Harvey, Jenny Hoang, Christopher H Hunt, Bharathi D Jagadeesan, Amy F Juliano, Tabassum A Kennedy, Gul Moonis, Jeffrey S Pannell, Nandini D Patel, Joel S Perlmutter, Joshua M Rosenow, Jason W Schroeder, Mathew T Whitehead, Rebecca S Cornelius
Evaluation of cranial neuropathy can be complex given the different pathway of each cranial nerve as well as the associated anatomic landmarks. Radiological evaluation requires imaging of the entire course of the nerve from its nucleus to the end organ. MRI is the modality of choice with CT playing a complementary role, particularly in the evaluation of the bone anatomy. Since neoplastic and inflammatory lesions are prevalent on the differential diagnosis, contrast enhanced studies are preferred when possible...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
David M Kim, Seyed Hossein Bassir
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiographic examinations are essential in establishing correct periodontal diagnoses as well as providing appropriate treatment options. Current radiographic examinations, however, do not provide adequate information regarding the severity of periodontal disease, presenting a need to investigate alternative methods. The aim of this best evidence consensus is to determine when cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging is appropriate for diagnostic inquiry in the management of inflammatory periodontitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Pamela K Woodard, Vincent B Ho, Scott R Akers, Garth Beache, Richard K J Brown, Kristopher W Cummings, S Bruce Greenberg, James K Min, Arthur E Stillman, Jadranka Stojanovska, Jill E Jacobs
The incidence of congenital heart disease (CHD) has been increasing in the adult patient population in part as a result of better patient survival. Patients with more severe CHD are living longer. Nearly all adults with known CHD require periodic imaging as a means of monitoring their disease process. Furthermore, adult patients with suspected CHD require imaging as a means of definitive diagnosis. As a result, it is important for both the referring clinician and the imager to be aware of the most appropriate imaging modality needed to obtain the data most needed to direct the next steps in patient care...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Jason Silvestre, Ines C Lin, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic and plastic surgery residents receive unique training yet often compete for similar hand surgery fellowships. This study compared didactic hand surgery training during orthopedic and plastic surgery residency. METHODS: The Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam and Orthopaedic In-Training Examination were analyzed for hand content for the years 2009 to 2013. Topics were categorized with the content outline for the Surgery of the Hand Examination...
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Carl K Schillhammer, John B Reid, Jamie Rister, Sunil S Jani, Sean C Marvil, Austin W Chen, Chris G Anderson, Sophia D'Agostino, James H Lubowitz
PURPOSE: To categorize and summarize up-to-date anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) research published in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine and systematically review each subcategory, beginning with ACL anatomy. METHODS: After searching for "anterior cruciate ligament" OR "ACL" in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine from January 2012 through December 2014, we excluded articles more pertinent to ACL augmentation; open growth plates; and meniscal, chondral, or multiligamentous pathology...
January 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Dennis Gutierrez, Sandra L Kaplan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A hospital-based pediatric outpatient center, wanting to weave evidence into practice, initiated an update of knowledge, skills, and documentation patterns with its staff physical therapists and occupational therapists who treat people with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). This case report describes 2 cycles of implementation: (1) the facilitators and barriers to implementation and (2) selected quality improvement outcomes aligned with published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs)...
January 2016: Physical Therapy
Jason Silvestre, L Scott Levin, Joseph M Serletti, Benjamin Chang
BACKGROUND: Designing an effective hand rotation for plastic surgery residents is difficult. The authors address this limitation by elucidating the critical components of the hand curriculum during plastic surgery residency. METHODS: Hand questions on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam for six consecutive years (2008 to 2013) were characterized by presence of imaging, vignette setting, question taxonomy, answer domain, anatomy, and topic. Answer references were quantified by source and year of publication...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jeanne M Widener
The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and the American Venous Forum (AVF) published guidelines for the management of venous leg ulcers in August 2014. The goal of this article (Part 2) is to summarize the guidelines that address diagnosis and treatment recommendations published jointly by the SVS and AVF that may affect the nursing practice of vascular nurses. Specific sections include wound evaluation, therapies used on the wound bed itself, compression, and operative or endovascular management. Part 1, published elsewhere in this issue, addressed the epidemiology and financial impact of ulcers, venous anatomy, pathophysiology of venous leg ulcer development, clinical manifestations, and prevention of venous leg ulcers...
June 2015: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
Leena Mammen, Pamela K Woodard, Suhny Abbara, Sharmila Dorbala, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Paul R Julsrud, Jacobo Kirsch, Christopher M Kramer, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Archana T Laroia, Amar B Shah, Jens Vogel-Claussen, Richard D White
Nonischemic myocardial disease or cardiomyopathy can present as arrhythmia, palpitations, heart failure, dyspnea, lower extremity edema, ascites, syncope, and/or chest discomfort and can be classified as either systolic, diastolic, or a combination of both. Echocardiography is the mainstay of evaluating left ventricular function. However, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the reference standard imaging technique to assess myocardial anatomy, function, and viability. Advanced MRI techniques with delayed myocardial enhancement, especially, can provide information beyond echocardiography for tissue characterization in CM and can assist in determining specific etiology or in narrowing the differential...
July 2014: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Alicia Rodríguez-Velasco, Pedro Valencia-Mayoral
As a medical discipline, pathological anatomy was born between the 16th and 17th centuries, when the bases for scientific and technological development, as we know them today, were established. Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771), one of the greatest clinicians of the 18th century, introduced the concept of correlation between clinical manifestations and pathological anatomic structures. Just like that the pathology has contributed to the characterization of many diseases. Correlation of anatomopathological changes with signs and symptoms of disease is still common practice to date, which constitutes the basis for one of the most relevant pedagogical activities in medicine: the clinical pathological conference...
March 2014: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Mark P Mooney, Gregory M Cooper, Mary L Marazita
To celebrate the 50th year of the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal we look back to where we started in 1964 and where we are now, and we speculate about directions for the future in a "Then and Now" editorial series. This editorial examines changing trends and perspectives in anatomical, basic science, and genetic studies published in this 50-year interval. In volume 1 there were 45 total papers, seven (16%) of which were peer-reviewed basic science and genetic articles published: four in anatomy, three in craniofacial biology, and none in genetics...
May 2014: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Scott A Waldman
Scott Waldman is currently the Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and the Director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology. He is the Samuel MV Professor, Department of Medicine and Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology. Waldman's research interests focus on molecular pathways underlying early intestinal tumorigenesis and their utility as novel targeted agents for managing patients with colorectal cancer. Waldman obtained his BSc degree in Biology from the University at Albany, his PhD degree in Anatomy from Thomas Jefferson University and his MD degree from Stanford University...
January 2009: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Stéphanie Perrier, Michel Kindo, Sébastien Gerelli, Jean-Philippe Mazzucotelli
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was as follows: is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of in-hospital mortality and morbidity and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI)? A total of 104 papers were returned using the selected search. Of these, six represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The selection criteria were comparative studies with only PCI and CABG groups in patients with acute MI...
December 2013: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
P Barry Tomlinson, Christopher J Quinn
Woody stems that have completed some maturation of metaxylem elements should not be capable of further axial extension ("secondary stem lengthening"). However, this mechanism has been claimed by Renninger and Phillips (American Journal of Botany 99: 607-613) to be a feature of the palm Iriartea deltoidea. In response, we describe structural features of palm stems based on extensive known features of their anatomy and development. In addition to the inability of metaxylem vessels to extend after they are mature, fully differentiated fibers of the vascular bundle sheath, which would exist at the time of proposed stem elongation would not be capable of belated extension...
March 2013: American Journal of Botany
Michael B Cross, Daryl C Osbahr, Denis Nam, Keith R Reinhardt, Mathias P G Bostrom, Joshua S Dines
This article analyzes the hip and knee reconstruction section of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE). All of the hip and knee reconstruction questions from 2005 to 2009 were analyzed, and the following data were recorded: number of questions per year in the hip and knee section, total number of questions on the OITE per year, national average score by year in training, references cited, taxonomy classification of each question, topics that were tested, imaging modalities used for a given question, and treatment modalities tested...
September 2011: Orthopedics
Benjamin C Taylor, T Ty Fowler, Craig Dimitris
Orthopedic resident training involves not only the hands-on learning of surgery but also should equally involve instructing the core knowledge of musculoskeletal medicine. Our program has developed a strategy that enhances resident educational performance; the educational curriculum entails conferences daily. Conferences include gross and surgical anatomy, orthopedic basic science, multidisciplinary trauma, radiology, pathology, journal club, and orthopedic subspecialty conferences. The primary purpose of the conference schedule is to provide the residents with a comprehensive education in orthopedic surgery...
May 2011: Journal of Surgical Education
Rogelio A Coronado, Daniel L Riddle, Wendy A Wurtzel, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence demonstrates growth in both the quality and quantity of evidence in physical therapy. Much of this work has focused on randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive bibliometric assessment of Physical Therapy (PTJ) over the past 30 years to examine trends for all types of studies. DESIGN: This was a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: All manuscripts published in PTJ from 1980 to 2009 were reviewed...
May 2011: Physical Therapy
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