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american journal of anatomy

Jason Silvestre, Ines C Lin, Benjamin Chang, L Scott Levin
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic and plastic surgery residents receive unique training yet often compete for similar hand surgery fellowships. This study compared didactic hand surgery training during orthopedic and plastic surgery residency. METHODS: The Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam and Orthopaedic In-Training Examination were analyzed for hand content for the years 2009 to 2013. Topics were categorized with the content outline for the Surgery of the Hand Examination...
March 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Carl K Schillhammer, John B Reid, Jamie Rister, Sunil S Jani, Sean C Marvil, Austin W Chen, Chris G Anderson, Sophia D'Agostino, James H Lubowitz
PURPOSE: To categorize and summarize up-to-date anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) research published in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine and systematically review each subcategory, beginning with ACL anatomy. METHODS: After searching for "anterior cruciate ligament" OR "ACL" in Arthroscopy and The American Journal of Sports Medicine from January 2012 through December 2014, we excluded articles more pertinent to ACL augmentation; open growth plates; and meniscal, chondral, or multiligamentous pathology...
January 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Dennis Gutierrez, Sandra L Kaplan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A hospital-based pediatric outpatient center, wanting to weave evidence into practice, initiated an update of knowledge, skills, and documentation patterns with its staff physical therapists and occupational therapists who treat people with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). This case report describes 2 cycles of implementation: (1) the facilitators and barriers to implementation and (2) selected quality improvement outcomes aligned with published clinical practice guidelines (CPGs)...
January 2016: Physical Therapy
Jason Silvestre, L Scott Levin, Joseph M Serletti, Benjamin Chang
BACKGROUND: Designing an effective hand rotation for plastic surgery residents is difficult. The authors address this limitation by elucidating the critical components of the hand curriculum during plastic surgery residency. METHODS: Hand questions on the Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Exam for six consecutive years (2008 to 2013) were characterized by presence of imaging, vignette setting, question taxonomy, answer domain, anatomy, and topic. Answer references were quantified by source and year of publication...
December 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Jeanne M Widener
The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) and the American Venous Forum (AVF) published guidelines for the management of venous leg ulcers in August 2014. The goal of this article (Part 2) is to summarize the guidelines that address diagnosis and treatment recommendations published jointly by the SVS and AVF that may affect the nursing practice of vascular nurses. Specific sections include wound evaluation, therapies used on the wound bed itself, compression, and operative or endovascular management. Part 1, published elsewhere in this issue, addressed the epidemiology and financial impact of ulcers, venous anatomy, pathophysiology of venous leg ulcer development, clinical manifestations, and prevention of venous leg ulcers...
June 2015: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
Leena Mammen, Pamela K Woodard, Suhny Abbara, Sharmila Dorbala, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Paul R Julsrud, Jacobo Kirsch, Christopher M Kramer, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Archana T Laroia, Amar B Shah, Jens Vogel-Claussen, Richard D White
Nonischemic myocardial disease or cardiomyopathy can present as arrhythmia, palpitations, heart failure, dyspnea, lower extremity edema, ascites, syncope, and/or chest discomfort and can be classified as either systolic, diastolic, or a combination of both. Echocardiography is the mainstay of evaluating left ventricular function. However, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the reference standard imaging technique to assess myocardial anatomy, function, and viability. Advanced MRI techniques with delayed myocardial enhancement, especially, can provide information beyond echocardiography for tissue characterization in CM and can assist in determining specific etiology or in narrowing the differential...
July 2014: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
Alicia Rodríguez-Velasco, Pedro Valencia-Mayoral
As a medical discipline, pathological anatomy was born between the 16th and 17th centuries, when the bases for scientific and technological development, as we know them today, were established. Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771), one of the greatest clinicians of the 18th century, introduced the concept of correlation between clinical manifestations and pathological anatomic structures. Just like that the pathology has contributed to the characterization of many diseases. Correlation of anatomopathological changes with signs and symptoms of disease is still common practice to date, which constitutes the basis for one of the most relevant pedagogical activities in medicine: the clinical pathological conference...
March 2014: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Mark P Mooney, Gregory M Cooper, Mary L Marazita
To celebrate the 50th year of the Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal we look back to where we started in 1964 and where we are now, and we speculate about directions for the future in a "Then and Now" editorial series. This editorial examines changing trends and perspectives in anatomical, basic science, and genetic studies published in this 50-year interval. In volume 1 there were 45 total papers, seven (16%) of which were peer-reviewed basic science and genetic articles published: four in anatomy, three in craniofacial biology, and none in genetics...
May 2014: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Scott A Waldman
Scott Waldman is currently the Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and the Director of the Division of Clinical Pharmacology. He is the Samuel MV Professor, Department of Medicine and Biochemistry and Molecular Pharmacology. Waldman's research interests focus on molecular pathways underlying early intestinal tumorigenesis and their utility as novel targeted agents for managing patients with colorectal cancer. Waldman obtained his BSc degree in Biology from the University at Albany, his PhD degree in Anatomy from Thomas Jefferson University and his MD degree from Stanford University...
January 2009: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Stéphanie Perrier, Michel Kindo, Sébastien Gerelli, Jean-Philippe Mazzucotelli
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was as follows: is coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery superior to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in terms of in-hospital mortality and morbidity and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI)? A total of 104 papers were returned using the selected search. Of these, six represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The selection criteria were comparative studies with only PCI and CABG groups in patients with acute MI...
December 2013: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
P Barry Tomlinson, Christopher J Quinn
Woody stems that have completed some maturation of metaxylem elements should not be capable of further axial extension ("secondary stem lengthening"). However, this mechanism has been claimed by Renninger and Phillips (American Journal of Botany 99: 607-613) to be a feature of the palm Iriartea deltoidea. In response, we describe structural features of palm stems based on extensive known features of their anatomy and development. In addition to the inability of metaxylem vessels to extend after they are mature, fully differentiated fibers of the vascular bundle sheath, which would exist at the time of proposed stem elongation would not be capable of belated extension...
March 2013: American Journal of Botany
Michael B Cross, Daryl C Osbahr, Denis Nam, Keith R Reinhardt, Mathias P G Bostrom, Joshua S Dines
This article analyzes the hip and knee reconstruction section of the Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE). All of the hip and knee reconstruction questions from 2005 to 2009 were analyzed, and the following data were recorded: number of questions per year in the hip and knee section, total number of questions on the OITE per year, national average score by year in training, references cited, taxonomy classification of each question, topics that were tested, imaging modalities used for a given question, and treatment modalities tested...
September 2011: Orthopedics
Benjamin C Taylor, T Ty Fowler, Craig Dimitris
Orthopedic resident training involves not only the hands-on learning of surgery but also should equally involve instructing the core knowledge of musculoskeletal medicine. Our program has developed a strategy that enhances resident educational performance; the educational curriculum entails conferences daily. Conferences include gross and surgical anatomy, orthopedic basic science, multidisciplinary trauma, radiology, pathology, journal club, and orthopedic subspecialty conferences. The primary purpose of the conference schedule is to provide the residents with a comprehensive education in orthopedic surgery...
May 2011: Journal of Surgical Education
Rogelio A Coronado, Daniel L Riddle, Wendy A Wurtzel, Steven Z George
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence demonstrates growth in both the quality and quantity of evidence in physical therapy. Much of this work has focused on randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive bibliometric assessment of Physical Therapy (PTJ) over the past 30 years to examine trends for all types of studies. DESIGN: This was a bibliometric analysis. METHODS: All manuscripts published in PTJ from 1980 to 2009 were reviewed...
May 2011: Physical Therapy
Payam Farjoodi, A Jay Khanna, David R Marker, Frank J Frassica
BACKGROUND: The annual Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is an objective evaluation administered annually to all residents by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. To our knowledge, there are no guidelines for the type of material included on the examination; therefore, it is difficult for many academic centers to develop education programs directed toward improving resident performance on the OITE. Our goals were to determine the most commonly tested subjects in the spine portion of the OITE and to help direct development of an associated teaching program...
May 2010: Journal of Surgical Education
John Hedley-Whyte, Debra R Milamed
Musgrave Park Hospital in 1942 was the site of an Anglo-American Vitamin A caper. A threatened court-martial was pre-empted. Subsequently the Queen's lecturer in Anatomy, JW Millen, who was the other lecturer to the first editor of this journal, RH Hunter, did much distinguished work. The neurological effects of Vitamin A were elucidated. Further work on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), placenta, thalidomide and poliomyelitis led to the pre-eminence in applied anatomy and teratology of now Reader James Wilson Millen and Professors JD Boyd and WJ Hamilton, all Queen's Medical School graduates...
September 2009: Ulster Medical Journal
Hartmut Collmann
Georges Schaltenbrand was one of the most prodigious and internationally renowned neurologists in post war Germany. Trained by Max Nonne in Hamburg, he early gained international experience during stays in The Netherlands, the United States, and China. In 1935 quarrels with Nazi representatives forced him to go to Würzburg, where he built an own neurological service. This unit subsequently grew up to an internationally recognized center. Schaltenbrand scientifically contributed to the organization and diagnostics of the motor system, to the physiology and pathology of the cerebrospinal fluid system, and to multiple sclerosis...
2008: Würzburger Medizinhistorische Mitteilungen
Edward C Halperin
Studying the history of medical education helps teach us that medicine is a social activity that occurs in the context of social mores and customs. In 1971, a major new anatomy textbook aimed at first-year medical students was published. The Anatomical Basis of Medical Practice, written by Professors R. Frederick Becker, James S. W. Wilson, and John A. Gehweiler, emphasized surface anatomy, embryology, and radiographic anatomy. At multiple places in the text, the authors used sexually suggestive and "cheeky" comments about women...
February 2009: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Samantha M Hens, Kanya Godde
In 1982, Spencer's edited volume A History of American Physical Anthropology: 1930-1980 allowed numerous authors to document the state of our science, including a critical examination of skeletal biology. Some authors argued that the first 50 years of skeletal biology were characterized by the descriptive-historical approach with little regard for processual problems and that technological and statistical analyses were not rooted in theory. In an effort to determine whether Spencer's landmark volume impacted the field of skeletal biology, a content analysis was carried out for the American Journal of Physical Anthropology from 1980 to 2004...
October 2008: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
Rodolfo Ungerfeld, Solana González-Pensado, Alejandro Bielli, Matías Villagrán, Daniel Olazabal, William Pérez
The pampas deer (Ozotoceros bezoarticus) is a South American grazing deer which is in extreme danger of extinction. Very little is known about the biology of the pampas deer. Moreover, most information has not been published in peer-reviewed scientific journals, and is only available in local publications, theses, etc. Therefore, our aim was to update and summarize the available information regarding the reproductive biology of the pampas deer. Moreover, in most sections, we have also included new, unpublished information...
2008: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
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