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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767677/randomized-phase-3-study-of-docetaxel-plus-bavituximab-in-previously-treated-advanced-non-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
D E Gerber, L Horn, M Boyer, R Sanborn, R Natale, R Palmero, P Bidoli, I Bondarenko, P Germonpre, D Ghizdavescu, A Kotsakis, H Lena, G Losonczy, K Park, W-C Su, M Tang, J Lai, N L Kallinteris, J S Shan, M Reck, D R Spigel
Background: Bavituximab is a monoclonal antibody that targets phosphatidylserine in the presence of β2 glycoprotein 1 (β2GP1) to exert an anti-tumor immune response. This phase 3 trial determined the efficacy of bavituximab combined with docetaxel in patients with previously treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients and Methods: Key eligibility criteria included advanced non-squamous NSCLC with disease progression after treatment with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, evidence of disease control after at least two cycles of first-line therapy, presence of measurable disease, ECOG performance status 0 or 1, adequate bone marrow and organ function, and no recent history of clinically significant bleeding...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752180/-177-lu-psma-617-radionuclide-treatment-in-patients-with-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-lupsma-trial-a-single-centre-single-arm-phase-2-study
#2
Michael S Hofman, John Violet, Rodney J Hicks, Justin Ferdinandus, Sue Ping Thang, Tim Akhurst, Amir Iravani, Grace Kong, Aravind Ravi Kumar, Declan G Murphy, Peter Eu, Price Jackson, Mark Scalzo, Scott G Williams, Shahneen Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Progressive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is a highly lethal disorder and new effective therapeutic agents that improve patient outcomes are urgently needed. Lutetium-177 [177 Lu]-PSMA-617, a radiolabelled small molecule, binds with high affinity to prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) enabling beta particle therapy targeted to metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. We aimed to investigate the safety, efficacy, and effect on quality of life of [177 Lu]-PSMA-617 in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who progressed after standard treatments...
May 7, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725416/baseline-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-following-treatment-with-abiraterone-acetate-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#3
Tasuku Hiroshige, Yoshiro Eguchi, Osamu Yoshizumi, Katsuaki Chikui, Hisaji Kumagai, Yoshihiro Kawaguchi, Rei Onishi, Tokumasa Hayashi, Kouta Watanabe, Tomotaro Mitani, Koujiro Saito, Tsukasa Igawa
The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic factors associated with progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) times in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) who received treatment with abiraterone acetate (AA) in routine clinical settings. A total of 93 patients treated with AA between September 2014 and February 2017 were selected and their medical records were analyzed retrospectively. The median PFS time of docetaxel (DTX)-naïve patients was 171 days, and that of post-DTX patients was 56 days...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692997/efficacy-of-next-treatment-received-after-nivolumab-progression-in-patients-with-advanced-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Adrien Costantini, Jennifer Corny, Vincent Fallet, Sophie Renet, Sylvie Friard, Christos Chouaid, Boris Duchemann, Etienne Giroux-Leprieur, Laurent Taillade, Ludovic Doucet, Marina Nguenang, Stéphane Jouveshomme, Marie Wislez, Jean Tredaniel, Jacques Cadranel
Nivolumab for the treatment of advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) evaluated in phase III trials showed 50% progression at first evaluation, but better overall survival (OS), suggesting regained efficacy of treatments given thereafter. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of nivolumab and of next treatment received after nivolumab progression in patients with advanced NSCLC. Our multicentre retrospective study included all patients receiving nivolumab between January and December 2015. The primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS) of treatment given after nivolumab...
April 2018: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688882/withdrawn-disparity-in-public-funding-of-therapies-for-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer-across-canadian-provinces
#5
Dixon T S Woon, Thenappan Chandrasekar, Lorne Aaron, Naveen S Basappa, Kim N Chi, Henry J Conter, Brita Danielson, Sebastien J Hotte, Shawn Malone, Fred Saad, Bobby Shayegan, Laura Park-Wyllie, Robert J Hamilton
Ahead of print article withdrawn by publisher.
April 12, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615305/early-stage-her2-positive-breast-cancers-not-achieving-a-pcr-from-neoadjuvant-trastuzumab-or-pertuzumab-based-regimens-have-an-immunosuppressive-phenotype
#6
Jeremy Force, Lynn J Howie, Sara E Abbott, Rex Bentley, P Kelly Marcom, Gretchen Kimmick, Kelly Westbrook, Sarah L Sammons, Michelle Parks, Donna L Topping, Ryan Emerson, Gloria Broadwater, Terry Hyslop, Kimberly L Blackwell, Smita K Nair
BACKGROUND: Stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) might predict pathologic complete response (pCR) in patients with HER2-positive (HER2+ ) breast cancer treated with trastuzumab (H). Docetaxel (T), carboplatin (C), H, and pertuzumab (P) have immune-modulating effects. Pre- and post-treatment immune biomarkers in cancers treated with neoadjuvant TCH with or without P are lacking. In this study we quantified baseline and changes in TILs, cluster of differentiation (CD) 4+ , CD8+ , FoxP3+ , and PD-L1+ cells using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and quantified productive T-cell receptor β (TCRβ) rearrangements and TCRβ clonality using next-generation sequencing (NGS) in 30 HER2+ breast cancer tissues treated with neoadjuvant H with or without P regimens...
February 24, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590407/costs-associated-with-febrile-neutropenia-in-japanese-patients-with-primary-breast-cancer-post-hoc-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Osamu Miyake, Kyoko Murata, Shiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Masakazu Toi, Kazuo Tamura, Koji Kawakami
Background: Febrile neutropenia (FN), a decrease in blood neutrophils accompanied by fever, is a major adverse event (AE) associated with cancer chemotherapy. We aimed to estimate the direct medical costs associated with FN management in breast cancer patients within a clinical trial with pegfilgrastim, a pegylated form of recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Methods: We obtained data from 346 Japanese breast cancer patients in a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial comparing FN incidence due to TC adjuvant chemotherapy (docetaxel 75 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2) between pegfilgrastim-treated and placebo groups...
March 26, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590180/pre-treatment-tumour-perfusion-parameters-and-initial-recist-response-do-not-predict-long-term-survival-outcomes-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-induction-chemotherapy
#8
Natalie M Lowe, Lucy E Kershaw, Jonathan M Bernstein, Stephanie B Withey, Kathleen Mais, Jarrod J Homer, Nicholas J Slevin, Suzanne C Bonington, Bernadette M Carrington, Catharine M West
OBJECTIVES: Previously, we showed that pre-treatment tumour plasma perfusion (Fp) predicts RECIST response to induction chemotherapy (ICT) in locoregionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The aim here was to determine whether the pre-treatment tumour Fp estimate, changes in tumour Fp or RECIST response post 2 cycles of ICT were prognostic for long-term survival outcomes. METHODS: A prospective study enrolled patients with high stage HNSCC treated with docetaxel (T), cisplatin (P) and 5-fluorouracil (F) (ICT) followed by synchronous cisplatin and intensity modulated radiotherapy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540829/lmtk3-confers-chemo-resistance-in-breast-cancer
#9
Justin Stebbing, Kalpit Shah, Lei Cheng Lit, Teresa Gagliano, Angeliki Ditsiou, Tingting Wang, Franz Wendler, Thomas Simon, Krisztina Sára Szabó, Timothy O'Hanlon, Michael Dean, April Camilla Roslani, Swee Hung Cheah, Soo-Chin Lee, Georgios Giamas
Lemur tyrosine kinase 3 (LMTK3) is an oncogenic kinase that is involved in different types of cancer (breast, lung, gastric, colorectal) and biological processes including proliferation, invasion, migration, chromatin remodeling as well as innate and acquired endocrine resistance. However, the role of LMTK3 in response to cytotoxic chemotherapy has not been investigated thus far. Using both 2D and 3D tissue culture models, we found that overexpression of LMTK3 decreased the sensitivity of breast cancer cell lines to cytotoxic (doxorubicin) treatment...
March 15, 2018: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534939/phase-i-trial-of-the-combination-of-docetaxel-prednisone-and-pasireotide-in-metastatic-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer
#10
Manish K Thakur, Lance Heilbrun, Kimberlee Dobson, Julie Boerner, Karri Stark, Jing Li, Daryn Smith, Elisabeth Heath, Joseph Fontana, Ulka Vaishampayan
BACKGROUND: Pasireotide (SOM230; Novartis Inc, Basel, Switzerland) is a multitargeted somatostatin receptor analogue likely to treat the neuroendocrine, and docetaxel resistant components within metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This phase I trial tested the combination of pasireotide, docetaxel, and prednisone in pretreated mCRPC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Chemotherapy naive mCRPC patients received docetaxel 75 mg/m2 intravenously every 21 days and pasireotide intramuscularly every 28 days at escalating dose levels of 40, 60, and 80 mg...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507675/the-effects-of-taxanes-vorinostat-and-doxorubicin-on-growth-and-proliferation-of-echinococcus-multilocularis-metacestodes-assessed-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-simultaneous-positron-emission-tomography
#11
Xiangsheng Huang, Stefan Wiehr, Anna-Maria Wild, Patrick Voßberg, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Beate Grüner, Carsten Köhler, Peter T Soboslay
Cytostatic drugs used in cancer therapy were evaluated for their capacity to inhibit Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode growth and proliferation. Metacestode tissues were exposed in vitro to docetaxel, doxorubicin, navelbine, paclitaxel, and vorinostat for 1 week, then incubated in drug-free culture, and thereafter metacestodes were injected into the peritoneum of Meriones unguiculatus . Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) were applied to monitor in vivo growth of drug-exposed E...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483454/-three-cases-of-long-term-surviving-stage-iv-gastric-cancer-after-conversion-surgery
#12
Suguru Nukada, Tsutomu Sato, Toru Aoyama, Mariko Kamiya, Shinya Amano, Shuzo Tamura, Takanobu Yamada, Naoto Yamamoto, Hiroshi Harada, Takashi Oshima, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa, Shoji Yamanaka, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda
The standard therapy for Stage IV gastric cancer is chemotherapy. It is not certain, but conversion surgery is expected to be effective. We report the cases of 3 patients who achieved long-term survival after conversion surgery. Case 1 was of a 59- year-old woman. The tumor was classified as L-Less Post, Type 2, tub1, cT3N2M1(#16a2lat), Stage IV. Then, we initiated S-1 plus cisplatin and the LN achieved PRafter 4 courses. We performed distal gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection in February 2011. It was classified as ypT2N2 and the primary lesion was histologically classified as Grade 1a...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475737/burden-of-metastatic-castrate-naive-prostate-cancer-patients-to-identify-men-more-likely-to-benefit-from-early-docetaxel-further-analyses-of-chaarted-and-getug-afu15-studies
#13
Gwenaelle Gravis, Jean-Marie Boher, Yu-Hui Chen, Glenn Liu, Karim Fizazi, Michael A Carducci, Stephane Oudard, Florence Joly, David M Jarrard, Michel Soulie, Mario J Eisenberger, Muriel Habibian, Robert Dreicer, Jorge A Garcia, Maha H M Hussain, Manish Kohli, Nicholas J Vogelzang, Joel Picus, Robert DiPaola, Christopher Sweeney
BACKGROUND: Docetaxel (D) at the time of starting androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for metastatic castrate naive prostate cancer shows a clear survival benefit for patients with high-volume (HV) disease. It is unclear whether patients with low-volume (LV) disease benefit from early D. OBJECTIVE: To define the overall survival (OS) of aggregate data of patient subgroups from the CHAARTED and GETUG-AFU15 studies, defined by metastatic burden (HV and LV) and time of metastasis occurrence (at diagnosis or after prior local treatment [PRLT])...
February 20, 2018: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463302/the-impact-of-pd-l1-on-survival-and-value-of-the-immune-check-point-inhibitors-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-proposal-policies-and-perspective
#14
Helmy M Guirgis
BACKGROUND: The impact of programmed death receptor-ligand1 (PD-L1) on costs and value of the immune check point inhibitors (ICPI) has received minimal attention. OBJECTIVES: 1- Design a sliding scale to grade survival in 2nd-line non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). 2- Compare costs and value of Nivolumab (Nivo), Atezolizumab (Atezo) and Pembrolizumab (Pembro) vs. Docetaxel (Doc). METHODS: Previously reported median overall survival (OS) and prices posted by parent company were utilized...
February 20, 2018: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397659/s-1-based-doublet-as-an-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-curatively-resected-stage-iii-gastric-cancer-results-from-the-randomized-phase-iii-post-trial
#15
Choong-Kun Lee, Minkyu Jung, Hyo Song Kim, Inkyung Jung, Dong Bok Shin, Seok Yun Kang, Dae Young Zang, Ki Hyang Kim, Moon Hee Lee, Bong-Seog Kim, Kyung Hee Lee, Jae-Ho Cheong, Woo Jin Hyung, Sung Hoon Noh, Hyun Cheol Chung, Sun Young Rha
Purpose: We conducted a randomized, multicenter, phase III trial to compare S-1 plus docetaxel (DS) with S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) as adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III gastric cancer patients. Patients and Methods Stage III gastric cancer patients who had received curative gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy were randomized into equal groups to receive adjuvant chemotherapy of 8 cycles of DS (S-1 70 mg/m2/day on days 1-14 plus docetaxel 35 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8) every 3 weeks or SP (S-1 70 mg/m2/day on days 1-14 plus cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1) every 3 weeks...
February 5, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383035/abiraterone-acetate-and-prednisone-in-the-pre-and-post-docetaxel-setting-for-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-a-mono-institutional-experience-focused-on-cardiovascular-events-and-their-impact-on-clinical-outcomes
#16
Alessia Cavo, Alessandra Rubagotti, Elisa Zanardi, Chiara Fabbroni, Linda Zinoli, Antonio Di Meglio, Eleonora Arboscello, Andrea Bellodi, Paolo Spallarossa, Carlo Cattrini, Carlo Messina, Francesco Boccardo
Background: The aim of this work was to to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of adverse events (AEs), focusing on cardiovascular events (CVEs) and hypokalemia, in patients treated with abiraterone acetate (AA) and prednisone (PDN) outside clinical trials, and their association with survival outcomes. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of 105 patients treated from 2011 to 2016. Incidence of AEs was descriptively summarized in the whole cohort and by subgroup (pre- versus post-docetaxel)...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374720/adverse-prognostic-factors-of-advanced-esophageal-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-induction-therapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil
#17
Masanobu Nakajima, Hiroto Muroi, Maiko Kikuchi, Masakazu Takahashi, Keisuke Ihara, Yosuke Shida, Eigo Kurayama, Hideo Ogata, Satoru Yamaguchi, Kinro Sasaki, Makoto Sakai, Makoto Sohda, Tatsuya Miyazaki, Hiroyuki Kuwano, Hiroyuki Kato
BACKGROUND/AIM: The purpose of this study was to identify adverse prognostic factors for patients with advanced esophageal cancer undergoing chemotherapy with docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (DCF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study cohort comprised of 45 patients with advanced esophageal cancer who underwent induction DCF therapy followed by esophagectomy or chemoradiotherapy. Treatment outcomes and factors affecting early recurrence and death were analyzed...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352714/effect-of-single-agent-daily-prednisone-on-outcomes-and-toxicities-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-pooled-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#18
REVIEW
Pooja Ghatalia, Gregory R Pond, Arnoud J Templeton, Guru Sonpavde
The clinical effect of prednisone in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) is unknown. We performed a pooled analysis of control arms of randomized controlled trials that had or had not administered single-agent prednisone. Randomized controlled trials with a control arm that included single-agent placebo (or no anticancer therapy) or single-agent prednisone (with or without placebo) were eligible for analysis. Patients receiving prednisone combined with other agents in the control arm were excluded...
April 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344878/gemcitabine-and-taxane-adjuvant-therapy-with-chemoradiation-in-resected-pancreatic-cancer-a-novel-strategy-for-improved-survival
#19
Zaheer S Kanji, Alicia M Edwards, Margaret T Mandelson, Nadav Sahar, Bruce S Lin, Kasra Badiozamani, Guobin Song, Adnan Alseidi, Thomas R Biehl, Richard A Kozarek, William S Helton, Vincent J Picozzi, Flavio G Rocha
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine-taxane combination chemotherapy has demonstrated a survival benefit clinically in metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC). The authors present their experience with gemcitabine and docetaxel (gem/tax)-based adjuvant treatment (Rx) after surgery with curative intent. METHODS: Patients with de novo resectable PC from January 2010 to December 2015 were identified from the authors' institutional database and registry. The study included only patients who received gem/tax as their initial Rx administered exclusively at the authors' institution with or without chemoradiation (CRTx)...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344407/tpf-induction-chemotherapy-increases-pd-l1-expression-in-tumour-cells-and-immune-cells-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Charlotte Leduc, Julien Adam, Emilie Louvet, Tony Sourisseau, Nicolas Dorvault, Marine Bernard, Elodie Maingot, Laura Faivre, Mei-Shiue Cassin-Kuo, Emilie Boissier, Marie-Charlotte Dessoliers, Angélique Robin, Odile Casiraghi, Caroline Even, Stéphane Temam, Ken A Olaussen, Jean-Charles Soria, Sophie Postel-Vinay
Background: Antiprogrammed cell death-1/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) therapies have demonstrated promising activity in advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), with overall response rates of approximately 20% in unselected populations and survival benefit. Whether induction docetaxel, platinum and fluorouracil (TPF) modifies PD-L1 expression or tumour immune infiltrates is unknown. Patients and methods: Patients with locally advanced HNSCC treated at Gustave Roussy (Villejuif, France) between 2006 and 2013 by induction TPF followed by surgery were retrospectively considered...
2018: ESMO Open
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