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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723605/tinnitus-patients-suffering-from-anxiety-and-depression-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Kasra Ziai, Omid Moshtaghi, Hossein Mahboubi, Hamid R Djalilian
OBJECTIVES: To review literature on the link between depression and anxiety in patients suffering from tinnitus. METHOD: A systematic review of published English-language literature was performed using PubMed, Ovid, and Cochrane databases. RESULTS: Of the 56 eligible abstracts 15 were chosen to be included in the review. All articles showed an association of depression and anxiety in tinnitus patients. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the strong association between tinnitus, depression, and anxiety- all tinnitus patients should be screened for psychiatric disorders...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720904/interaction-between-trait-and-housing-condition-produces-differential-decision-making-toward-risk-choice-in-a-rat-gambling-task
#2
Wha Young Kim, Bo Ram Cho, Myung Ji Kwak, Jeong-Hoon Kim
Poor decision-making is a core problem in psychiatric disorders such as pathological gambling and substance abuse. Both trait and environmental factors are considerably important to affect decision-making. However, it has not yet been systematically shown how they interact to affect risk preference in animal models evaluating decision-making. Here, we trained rats, housed in pairs or in isolation, in a touch screen chamber to detect the association between four different light signals on the screen and accompanied reward and punishment outcomes arranged with different schedules...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#3
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713294/screening-for-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-psychiatric-outpatient-population-with-specific-focus-on-sex-differences
#4
Salvatore Corbisiero, Raffaela M Hartmann-Schorro, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often overlooked in adults; moreover, the problem seems to be even more critical in women. In the present, observational screening study, a clinical, particularly adult outpatient population was examined regarding frequency and severity of a likely ADHD, whereby sex differences were of particular interest. METHODS: 224 participants, 146 men and 78 women, were included. Based on data recorded with the self-rating WHO screening instrument Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712415/the-role-of-incongruence-between-the-perceived-functioning-by-patients-and-clinicians-in-the-detection-of-psychological-distress-among-functional-and-motor-digestive-disorders
#5
Amanda Rodriguez-Urrutia, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa, Anna Accarino, Carolina Malagelada, Fernando Azpiroz
OBJECTIVES: Previous research on gastrointestinal and other medical conditions has shown the presence of incongruence between self- and clinician-reported functioning and its relation with psychopathology. The main objective of this study was to test whether inconsistencies between clinician- and self-assessed functionality can be used to detect psychopathology among patients diagnosed of motor or functional gastrointestinal disorders. METHODS: One hundred and three patients from a gastroenterology inpatient unit were included in this study...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711798/psychotic-like-experiences-and-happiness-in-the-english-general-population
#6
Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) have been associated with a variety of adverse outcomes but how they affect happiness in individuals with PLE is unknown. Thus, the aim of the study was to assess the association between PLEs and happiness, and the factors that may influence this association. METHODS: Nationally representative data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey including adults aged ≥ 16 years was analyzed. The Psychosis Screening Questionnaire was used to assess past 12-month PLE...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#7
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707502/appraisal-of-the-psychiatric-diagnostic-screening-questionnaire-in-a-perinatal-cohort-the-apron-study
#8
Brenda Leung, Nicole Letourneau, Katherine Bright, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Henry Ntanda, Lisa Gagnon
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are routinely screened as part of perinatal care. However, other Axis 1 disorders and specific anxiety disorders are less likely to be screened or assessed as part of obstetric care. The objective of this study was to determine whether the Psychiatric Diagnostic Screening Questionnaire (PDSQ) is a potentially useful tool to screen for psychiatric conditions in pregnant and postpartum women in a community setting. METHODS: We compared the prevalence of DSM Axis I disorders obtained on the PDSQ with: (1) the prevalence of these disorders reported in previous studies of pregnant and postpartum women, and (2) scores obtained on the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90R) anxiety scale...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704701/-developing-culturally-sensitive-affect-scales-for-global-mental-health-research-and-practice-emotional-balance-not-named-syndromes-in-indian-adivasi-subjective-well-being
#9
Jeffrey G Snodgrass, Michael G Lacy, Chakrapani Upadhyay
We present a perspective to analyze mental health without either a) imposing Western illness categories or b) adopting local or "native" categories of mental distress. Our approach takes as axiomatic only that locals within any culture share a cognitive and verbal lexicon of salient positive and negative emotional experiences, which an appropriate and repeatable set of ethnographic procedures can elicit. Our approach is provisionally agnostic with respect to either Western or native nosological categories, and instead focuses on persons' relative frequency of experiencing emotions...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703091/do-suicide-characteristics-differ-by-age-in-older-people
#10
Gary Cheung, Sally Merry, Frederick Sundram
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates increase with age in the population aged over 65 years. The aims of this study were to (i) report the characteristics of older people who died by suicide; and (ii) investigate whether these characteristics differ in three age bands: 65-74 years, 75-84 years, and 85+ years. METHODS: Using information from national coroner records, relevant socio-demographic and clinical factors in all suicides (age ≥ 65 years; n = 225) from July 2007 to December 2012 in New Zealand were analyzed and compared in the three age bands...
July 13, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700805/efficacy-of-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-binge-eating-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
James I Hudson, Susan L McElroy, M Celeste Ferreira-Cornwell, Jana Radewonuk, Maria Gasior
Importance: The ability of pharmacotherapies to prevent relapse and maintain efficacy with long-term treatment in psychiatric conditions is important. Objective: To assess lisdexamfetamine dimesylate maintenance of efficacy in adults with moderate to severe binge-eating disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: A multinational, phase 3, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study including 418 participants was conducted at 49 clinical research study sites from January 27, 2014, to April 8, 2015...
July 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700360/stigma-and-substance-use-disorders-an-international-phenomenon
#12
Lawrence H Yang, Liang Y Wong, Margaux M Grivel, Deborah S Hasin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To collect and update published information on the stigma associated with substance abuse in nonclinical samples, which has not been recently reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Searching large databases, a total of only 17 articles were published since 1999, with the majority of studies conducted outside the United States. Using major stigma concepts from a sociological framework (stereotyping, devaluation in terms of status loss, discrimination, and negative emotional reactions), the studies reviewed predominantly indicated that the public holds very stigmatized views toward individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs), and that the level of stigma was higher toward individuals with SUDs than toward those with other psychiatric disorders...
July 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700013/correlations-between-caregiver-psychiatric-symptoms-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-a-low-resource-setting
#13
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Cristiane S Duarte, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
Objective: Associations between parental/caregiver depression and adverse child outcomes are well established and have been described through one or more mechanisms: child psychopathology following exposure to a depressed caregiver, child psychopathology exacerbating a caregiver's depression, and caregiver and offspring depression sharing the same etiology. Data from low and middle-income countries is scarce. We examined correlations between common symptoms of mental disorders in caregivers and their offspring's psychopathology in a Brazilian sample...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699773/variability-amongst-urine-toxicology-amphetamine-readings-with-concurrent-administration-of-fenofibrate
#14
Navin Dadlani, Anna Farrar, Graham Jones
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to highlight that concurrent administration of the common lipid-lowering agent fenofibrate may lead to false-positive amphetamine results in often-used immunoassay-based urine drug screens. It also aimed to show that there are significant moral and clinical challenges associated with the interpretation of such results amongst psychiatric inpatients. CONCLUSIONS: It is evident that different pathology laboratories may utilise different commercial urine drug-screen immunoassays in their toxicology analysis, with variability in the test specificities...
July 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695871/psychiatric-disorders-and-obesity-a-review-of-association-studies
#15
REVIEW
T M Rajan, V Menon
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent evidence exists regarding the strength, direction, and moderators in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study aims to summarize the evidence on the association between psychiatric illness and obesity with particular attention to the strength and direction of association and also the possible moderators in each postulated link. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic electronic searches of MEDLINE through PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were carried out from inception till October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694611/depression-as-a-manifestation-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Sheikh Shoib, Javid A Malik, Shariq Masoodi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often results in a wide range of comorbid conditions, predominantly of the cardiovascular/respiratory, endocrine/metabolic, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. In view of the ambiguity of literature regarding the association between OSA and depression, we conducted this study to show any association between the two disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to see the association between OSA and depression and to study the prevalence of OSA in patients suffering from depression...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693872/depression-screening-at-a-community-health-fair-descriptives-and-treatment-linkage
#17
Kiel J Opperman, Devin M Hanson, Paul A Toro
OBJECTIVE: Health fairs are a cost-efficient platform for dissemination of preventive services to vulnerable populations. Effectiveness of depression screenings and associated treatment linkage via community health fairs warrants investigation. METHODS: This study offers the first examination of a depression screening at a community health fair in 261 adult men (18-87years). The PHQ-9 was administered via interview by graduate students and on-site psychiatric nurses were available for a brief consultation for those interested...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692653/social-exclusion-and-psychopathology-in-an-online-cohort-of-moroccan-dutch-migrants-results-of-the-medina-study
#18
Madelien H van de Beek, Lian van der Krieke, Robert A Schoevers, Wim Veling
INTRODUCTION: Migration is seen as a risk factor for developing psychiatric symptoms and experiencing social exclusion. In the Netherlands, the Moroccan-Dutch population is the second largest migrant group. 70% of all young Moroccan-Dutch people meet each other in the online community www.marokko.nl. Within this community, we investigated the association between experiences of social exclusion and self-reported depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited via the website www...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686107/critical-exploration-of-co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mood-disorder-and-substance-use-disorder
#19
Judith Regnart, Ilse Truter, Anneke Meyer
Co-occurring disorders (CODs) describe a Substance Use Disorder (SUD) accompanied by a comorbid psychiatric disorder. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and mood disorders are common CODs with high prevalence rates in SUD populations. It is proposed that literature on a tri-condition presentation of ADHD, mood disorder and SUD is limited. Areas covered: A literature search was conducted using a keyword search on EBSCOhost. Initially 2 799 records were identified, however, only two articles included all three conditions occurring concurrently in individuals...
July 13, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682228/-genetics-and-epigenetics-of-schizophrenia-and-other-psychoses
#20
Boris Chaumette, Oussama Kebir, Marie-Odile Krebs
Schizophrenia and other psychoses are categorical psychiatric diagnoses corresponding to frequent and heterogeneous disorders. Their physiopathology still remains largely unknown despite numerous recent advances. In particular, the last decade has identified different types of genetic variants, thanks to emergence of high-throughput methods. These methods allow both the identification of rare variants with a large effect such as punctual mutations or copy-number variants and the identification of frequent variants with a limited effect such as polymorphisms...
2017: Biologie Aujourd'hui
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