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Psychiatric screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333954/prevalence-diagnosis-and-treatment-rates-of-mood-disorders-among-opioid-users-under-criminal-justice-supervision
#1
Mary Mbaba, Shan-Estelle Brown, Alese Wooditch, Marissa Kiss, Amy Murphy, Suneeta Kumari, Faye Taxman, Frederick Altice, William B Lawson, Sandra A Springer
BACKGROUND: Individuals involved in the criminal justice system have disproportionately high rates of psychiatric disorders when compared to the general U.S. POPULATION: If left untreated, the likelihood of subsequent arrest increases and risk for adverse health consequences is great, particularly among opioid users. OBJECTIVES: To explore the prevalence, characteristics, and treatment of mood disorders among justice involved opioid-dependent populations...
January 15, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332178/association-of-autism-with-maternal-infections-perinatal-and-other-risk-factors-a-case-control-study
#2
Dikran Richard Guisso, Fadi S Saadeh, Dahlia Saab, Joud El Deek, Sarah Chamseddine, Hadi Abou El Hassan, Ghidaa Majari, Rose-Mary Boustany
This case-control study explores the association between pregnancy/birth complications and other factors with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in Lebanese subjects aged 2-18 years. Researchers interviewed 136 ASD cases from the American University of Beirut Medical Center Special Kids Clinic, and 178 controls selected by systematic digit dialing in the Greater-Beirut area. Male gender (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95% CI]: 3.9 [2.2-7.0]); postpartum feeding difficulties (2.5 [1.2-5.4]); maternal infections/complications during pregnancy (2...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#3
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331702/is-very-low-infant-birth-weight-a-predictor-for-a-five-year-course-of-depression-in-parents-a-latent-growth-curve-model
#4
Claus Barkmann, Nadine Helle, Carola Bindt
BACKGROUND: A very low birth weight (VLBW) is considered as a significant risk factor for early-onset developmental problems in infants, but is also discussed as a potential risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in affected parents. METHODS: In this study, the 5-year courses of maternal and paternal depression with VLBW and term born infants (n = 250 families) are modeled and predicted by factors existing at the time of birth. RESULTS: The dyadic trajectories of depression could be best described by five classes (I no depression, II minor maternal depression, III increasing dyadic depression, IV significant maternal depression, V highly depressed mothers)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331601/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-psychiatric-inpatient-units-does-their-effect-vary-across-countries
#5
Giorgia Dimitri, Domenico Giacco, Michael Bauer, Victoria Jane Bird, Lauren Greenberg, Antonio Lasalvia, Vincent Lorant, Jacek Moskalewicz, Pablo Nicaise, Andrea Pfennig, Mirella Ruggeri, Marta Welbel, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in individual countries have identified inconsistent predictors of length of stay (LoS) in psychiatric inpatient units. This may reflect methodological inconsistencies across studies or true differences of predictors. In this study we assessed predictors of LoS in five European countries and explored whether their effect varies across countries. METHODS: Prospective cohort study. All patients admitted over 14 months to 57 psychiatric inpatient units in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Poland and United Kingdom were screened...
December 7, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331101/theory-analysis-for-pender-s-health-promotion-model-hpm-by-barnum-s-criteria-a-critical-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Zohreh Khoshnood, Masoud Rayyani, Batool Tirgari
Background Analysis of nursing theoretical works and its role in knowledge development is presented as an essential process of critical reflection. Health promotion model (HPM) focuses on helping people achieve higher levels of well-being and identifies background factors that influence health behaviors. Objectives This paper aims to evaluate, and critique HPM by Barnum's criteria. Methods The present study reviewed books and articles derived from Proquest, PubMed, Blackwell Databases. The method of evaluation for this model is based on Barnum's criteria for analysis, application and evaluation of nursing theories...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#7
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330067/protein-complexes-as-psychiatric-and-neurological-drug-targets
#8
REVIEW
Akihiko S Kato, Jeffrey M Witkin
The need for improved medications for psychiatric and neurological disorders is clear. Difficulties in finding such drugs demands that all strategic means be utilized for their invention. The discovery of forebrain specific AMPA receptor antagonists, which selectively block the specific combinations of principal and auxiliary subunits present in forebrain regions but spare targets in the cerebellum, was recently disclosed. This discovery raised the possibility that other auxiliary protein systems could be utilized to help identify new medicines...
January 9, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329579/prevalence-and-incidence-of-major-depressive-disorders-among-people-living-with-hiv-residing-in-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#9
Jean Joel Bigna, Lewis N Um, Serra Lem Asangbeh, Aurelie T Sibetcheu, Arnaud D Kazé, Jobert Richie Nansseu
BACKGROUND: Depression represents one of the most frequent neuro-psychiatric diseases; it seems to be more prevalent in people living with HIV compared to the general population. However, summarized data in the African setting on the topic are scarce. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims at assessing the prevalence and incidence of major depressive disorders (MDD) in HIV-infected African populations residing in Africa. METHODS AND DESIGN: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people residing in Africa, which have reported either the prevalence or incidence of MDD or enough data for its appraisal...
January 12, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329059/amyloid-burden-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Stephanie Perin, Karra D Harrington, Yen Ying Lim, Kathryn Ellis, David Ames, Robert H Pietrzak, Adrian Schembri, Stephanie Rainey-Smith, Olivier Salvado, Simon M Laws, Ralph N Martins, Victor L Villemagne, Christopher C Rowe, Colin L Masters, Paul Maruff
BACKGROUND: Relationships between depression and Alzheimer's disease (AD) may become clearer if studied in preclinical AD where dementia is not present. METHOD: The aim of this study was to evaluate prospectively, relationships between brain amyloid-β (Aβ), depressive symptoms and screen positive depression in cognitively normal (CN) older adults. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Inventory (GDS-15) in CN adults from the Australian Imaging Biomarkers and Lifestyle (AIBL) study without depression at baseline and classified as having abnormally high (Aβ+; n = 136) or low (Aβ-; n = 449) Aβ according to positron emission tomography at 18-month intervals over 72 months...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325753/induced-hypothermia-in-patients-with-septic-shock-and-respiratory-failure-cass-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-trial
#11
Theis Skovsgaard Itenov, Maria Egede Johansen, Morten Bestle, Katrin Thormar, Lars Hein, Louise Gyldensted, Anne Lindhardt, Henrik Christensen, Stine Estrup, Henrik Planck Pedersen, Matthew Harmon, Uday Kant Soni, Silvia Perez-Protto, Nicolai Wesche, Ulrik Skram, John Asger Petersen, Thomas Mohr, Tina Waldau, Lone Musaeus Poulsen, Ditte Strange, Nicole P Juffermans, Daniel I Sessler, Else Tønnesen, Kirsten Møller, Dennis Karsten Kristensen, Alessandro Cozzi-Lepri, Jens D Lundgren, Jens-Ulrik Jensen
BACKGROUND: Animal models of serious infection suggest that 24 h of induced hypothermia improves circulatory and respiratory function and reduces mortality. We tested the hypothesis that a reduction of core temperature to 32-34°C attenuates organ dysfunction and reduces mortality in ventilator-dependent patients with septic shock. METHODS: In this randomised, controlled, open-label trial, we recruited patients from ten intensive care units (ICUs) in three countries in Europe and North America...
January 8, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324745/proof-of-concept-study-of-an-at-home-engaging-digital-intervention-for-pediatric-adhd
#12
Naomi O Davis, Jeffrey Bower, Scott H Kollins
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacological and behavioral therapies have limited impact on the distinct neurocognitive impairments associated with ADHD, and existing cognitive training programs have shown limited efficacy. This proof-of-concept study assessed treatment acceptability and explored outcomes for a novel digital treatment targeting cognitive processes implicated in ADHD. METHOD: Participants included 40 children with ADHD and 40 children without ADHD. Following psychiatric screening, ADHD ratings, and baseline neuropsychological measures, participants completed 28-days of at-home treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322362/implementing-a-violence-risk-screening-protocol-in-a-civil-psychiatric-setting-preliminary-results-and-clinical-policy-implications
#13
Merrill Rotter, Barry Rosenfeld
Comprehensive violence risk assessment can require substantial time and resources, which may be challenging for an already strapped public mental health system. Herein, we describe a naturalistic study of the Fordham Risk Screening Tool ("FRST"), a violence risk screening instrument designed to quickly identify individuals for whom thorough violence risk assessment would be advisable. All patients admitted to one of three state hospitals during the study period received FRST screening and HCR-20V3 risk assessment...
January 10, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319031/association-of-comorbid-anxiety-and-depression-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Ruchi Dua, Anindya Das, Abhishek Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Mayank Mishra, Kapil Sharma
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disease with known systemic manifestations including psychiatric comorbidities most commonly being depression and/or anxiety. Studies regarding the association of these psychiatric comorbidities in terms of symptom scores, spirometric variables, and hospitalizations among patients of COPD are lacking, especially in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight patients of COPD attending the Outpatient Department of AIIMS Rishikesh, and fulfilling inclusion criteria were screened by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and those who scored above the cutoff underwent psychiatric evaluation using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition Diagnostic Criteria for Research for confirmation of their diagnosis...
January 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317441/chronic-tic-disorders-in-children-with-adhd
#15
William Poh, Jonathan M Payne, Alisha Gulenc, Daryl Efron
OBJECTIVE: To examine in a community-based cohort: (1) the prevalence of chronic tic disorder (CTD) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with non-ADHD controls at ages 7 and 10; and (2) the additional psychiatric and functional burden of CTD in children with ADHD. METHODS: Children aged 6-8 years with ADHD (n=179) and controls (n=212) were recruited through 43 Victorian schools using parent and teacher screening surveys (Conners 3 ADHD Index), followed by case confirmation (Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-IV (DISC-IV))...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317062/could-the-screening-for-correct-oral-health-reduce-the-impact-of-death-due-to-bolus-asphyxia-in-adult-patients-a-forensic-case-report
#16
Isabella Aquila, Santo Gratteri, Matteo A Sacco, Emilio Nuzzolese, Vittorio Fineschi, Paola Frati, Pietrantonio Ricci
INTRODUCTION: "Bolus death" or "Café Coronary syndrome" refers to death due to asphyxia caused by an occlusion of the upper airways due to food. In this kind of asphyxia, the food bolus obstructs the larynx or the bronchial branches. This kind of event often affects subjects with acute intoxication due to alcohol or drugs, or with edentulism and with neurological or psychiatric diseases. CASE REPORT: An elderly woman, suffering from schizophrenia, was found dead in her house due to food bolus asphyxia...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#17
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312999/covertly-active-and-progressing-neurochemical-abnormalities-in-suppressed-hiv-infection
#18
Lucette A Cysique, Lauriane Jugé, Thomas Gates, Michael Tobia, Kirsten Moffat, Bruce J Brew, Caroline Rae
Objective: To assess whether HIV-related brain injury is progressive in persons with suppressed HIV infection. Methods: Seventy-three HIV+ virally suppressed men and 35 HIV- men, screened for psychiatric and alcohol/drug use disorders, underwent neuropsychological evaluation and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) at baseline and after and 23 ± 5 months. 1H-MRS included brain regions known to be vulnerable to HIV and aging: frontal white matter (FWM), posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), and caudate area (CA)...
January 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311404/recreational-drug-and-psychosocial-profile-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-seeking-antiviral-therapy
#19
Nayana George, Sherrie M Harrell, Kimberly D Rhodes, Andres Duarte-Rojo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Practitioners treating hepatitis C (HCV) provide healthcare to a special population with high rates of substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. We investigated the psychosocial profile in HCV patients and tested what variables affect commencement of antiviral therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Recreational drug use (RDU), marijuana (THC), alcohol use, and psychiatric history were initially investigated with a questionnaire prior to history and physical...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310620/does-presence-of-metabolic-syndrome-impact-anxiety-and-depressive-disorder-screening-results-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-a-population-based-study
#20
Jurate Butnoriene, Vesta Steibliene, Ausra Saudargiene, Adomas Bunevicius
BACKGROUND: Depressive and anxiety disorders are common in primary care setting but often remain undiagnosed. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is also prevalent in the general population and can impair recognition of common mental disorders due to significant co-morbidity and overlap with psychiatric symptoms included in self-reported depression/anxiety screening tools. We investigated if MetS has an impact on the accuracy of current major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) screening results using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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