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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910804/sudden-cardiac-death-a-nationwide-cohort-study-among-the-young
#1
Bjarke Risgaard
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a tragic event affecting millions of individuals worldwide. Although several studies have investigated the epidemiology of SCD, these studies may have been affected by reporting and referral biases, which are reflected in the very different incidence rates and causes of deaths that have previously been reported. Among SCD victims aged < 36 years, inherited cardiac diseases are well known to play an important role. However, the extent to which inherited cardiac diseases also play a role in SCD victims aged < 50 years has not been completely described...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908898/clinically-useful-screen-for-borderline-personality-disorder-in-psychiatric-out-patients
#2
Mark Zimmerman, Matthew D Multach, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski
A total of 3674 psychiatric out-patients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV borderline personality disorder (BPD). The affective instability criterion had a sensitivity of 92.8%, higher than the sensitivities of the other eight BPD criteria. The negative predictive value of the affective instability criterion was 99%. We recommend that clinicians screen for BPD in the same way that they screen for other psychiatric disorders: by enquiring about a single feature of the disorder (i...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905541/serbian-language-version-of-the-modified-checklist-for-autism-in-toddlers-revised-with-follow-up-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-assessment-of-reliability
#3
Mia Carakovac, Jelena Jovanovic, Marko Kalanj, Nenad Rudic, Olivera Aleksic-Hil, Branko Aleksic, Itzel Bustos Villalobos, Hideki Kasuya, Norio Ozaki, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic
Early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has proven to be of high significance, however there is a limited availability of ASD screening tools in Serbian language. In this study we aim to translate, assess reliability and, in part, test the applicability of Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised, with Follow-Up (M-CHAT R/F) in Serbian Healthcare environment. We screened 128 children in three primary healthcare centres and 20 children in a tertiary psychiatric center, using M-CHAT R/F translated into Serbian language, between December 2014 and October 2015...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902944/psychiatric-disorders-suicidal-ideation-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-post-deployment-veterans-who-utilize-digital-social-media-for-sexual-partner-seeking
#4
Jack L Turban, Marc N Potenza, Rani A Hoff, Steve Martino, Shane W Kraus
INTRODUCTION: Digital social media platforms represent outlets through which individuals may find partners for sexual encounters. Using a sample of US post-deployment military veterans, the current study evaluated the prevalence of digital sex seeking as well as clinical correlates of psychopathology, suicidal ideation, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). METHODS: Using data from a baseline telephone interview and follow-up internet-based survey, we examined the prevalence of sexual partnering via digital social media platforms in a national sample of 283 US combat veterans...
November 17, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902832/association-of-irritability-and-anxiety-with-the-neural-mechanisms-of-implicit-face-emotion-processing-in-youths-with-psychopathology
#5
Joel Stoddard, Wan-Ling Tseng, Pilyoung Kim, Gang Chen, Jennifer Yi, Laura Donahue, Melissa A Brotman, Kenneth E Towbin, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft
Importance: Psychiatric comorbidity complicates clinical care and confounds efforts to elucidate the pathophysiology of commonly occurring symptoms in youths. To our knowledge, few studies have simultaneously assessed the effect of 2 continuously distributed traits on brain-behavior relationships in children with psychopathology. Objective: To determine shared and unique effects of 2 major dimensions of child psychopathology, irritability and anxiety, on neural responses to facial emotions during functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902744/delirium-detection-and-impact-of-comorbid-health-conditions-in-a-post-acute-rehabilitation-hospital-setting
#6
Julija Stelmokas, Nicolette Gabel, Jennifer M Flaherty, Katherine Rayson, Kathileen Tran, Jason R Anderson, Linas A Bieliauskas
Misdiagnosis and under-detection of delirium may occur in many medical settings. This is important to address as delirium clearly increases risk of morbidity and mortality in such settings. This study assessed whether Veterans who screened positive on a delirium severity measure (Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale; MDAS) differed from those with and without corresponding medical documentation of delirium in terms of cognitive functioning, psychiatric/medical history, and medication use. A medical record review of 266 inpatients at a VA post-acute rehabilitation unit found that 10...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902542/impact-of-mental-health-comorbidities-on-the-community-based-pediatric-treatment-and-outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Nour Al Ghriwati, Joshua M Langberg, William Gardner, James Peugh, Kelly J Kelleher, Rebecca Baum, William B Brinkman, Phil Lichtenstein, Jeffery N Epstein
OBJECTIVE: Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often exhibit psychiatric comorbidities, which may impact illness presentation, diagnosis, and treatment outcomes. Guidelines exist for dealing with these complex cases but little is known about how comorbidities are being handled in community pediatric settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how mental health comorbidities affect community physicians' ADHD care practices and patients' symptom trajectories...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901217/factors-associated-with-problematic-drug-use-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#8
Clarissa Mendonça Corradi-Webster, Edilaine Cristina da Silva Gherardi-Donato
Objective: to examine the factors associated with problematic drug use among psychiatric outpatients. Method: a cross-sectional study was carried out in two mental health services. Eligible individuals were patients of these mental health services, who used them within the data collection period. Instruments: standardized questionnaire with sociodemographic, social network, social harm, and clinical information; Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test; Barratt Impulsiveness Scale; Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900267/depression-and-psychiatric-disease-associated-with-outcomes-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#9
REVIEW
Hao-Hua Wu, Max Liu, Joshua S Dines, John D Kelly, Grant H Garcia
While most patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury indicate satisfaction with surgical intervention, a significant proportion still do not return to pre-injury level of function or sport. Psychiatric comorbidities, such as depression, have recently been associated with poor clinical outcomes after ACL reconstruction (ACLR). To date, no article has yet examined how depression affects ACLR outcomes and how potential screening and intervention for psychological distress may affect postoperative activity level...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896587/psychological-and-behavioral-issues-in-the-management-of-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
REVIEW
William Qubty, Amy A Gelfand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is sometimes assumed that children and adolescents with migraine have a psychiatric or behavioral comorbidity, a belief that can be stigmatizing. This review will examine the recent literature addressing this area to determine if pediatric and adolescent migraineurs are at increased risk for psychiatric comorbidity and to discuss management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: A large systematic review of pediatric and adolescent studies concluded anxiety and depression were not associated with onset of recurrent headaches...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893665/is-it-relevant-to-screen-young-women-hospitalized-in-psychiatric-department-for-neuropsychiatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-npsle-a-prospective-study-of-100-psychiatric-inpatients
#11
Alexandra Audemard-Verger, Elizabeth Comby, Clément Nathou, Audrey Sultan, Mathieu Frémont, Aurélie Baldolli, Louis Simon Trumier, Vincent Marzloff, Brigitte Le Mauff, Jennifer Manuzak, Sonia Dollfus, Boris Bienvenu
On the basis that diagnosis of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE) is sometimes difficult and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can present with isolated psychiatric symptoms, we initiated a survey in a psychiatric department to screen for NPSLE in young female inpatients.We prospectively studied consecutive young female patients referred to the department of psychiatry. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and antiextractable soluble nuclear antigens (ENA) in the serum of patients were screened...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888864/oesophageal-disease-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-barrett-s-oesophagus-achalasia-and-eosinophilic-oesophagitis
#12
Xavier Calvet
The most interesting conclusions and/or advances presented at Digestive Disease Week 2016 were the following: a) gastroesophageal reflux disease: proton pump inhibitor-refractory reflux disease is frequently associated with poor treatment adherence, psychiatric comorbidities and functional gastrointestinal disorders. These possible entities should be investigated in all cases of proton pump inhibitor-refractory reflux disease; b) Barrett's oesophagus: the efficacy of screening remains unclear; however, new minimally-invasive techniques such as the cytosponge allow more effective detection, both of Barrett's oesophagus and Barrett's oesophagus-associated dysplasia or neoplasia; c) achalasia: evidence indicates that peroral endoscopic myotomy is as effective as surgery and is a safer alternative; d) eosinophilic oesophagitis: high-dose proton pump inhibitors are required to rule out proton pump inhibitor-responsive eosinophilic oesophagitis; montelukast is not clearly effective in the treatment of eosinophilic oesophagitis, although moderate efficacy cannot be ruled out...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880812/quantifying-risk-for-anxiety-disorders-in-preschool-children-a-machine-learning-approach
#13
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Pablo Sprechmann, Robert Calderbank, Guillermo Sapiro, Helen L Egger
Early childhood anxiety disorders are common, impairing, and predictive of anxiety and mood disorders later in childhood. Epidemiological studies over the last decade find that the prevalence of impairing anxiety disorders in preschool children ranges from 0.3% to 6.5%. Yet, less than 15% of young children with an impairing anxiety disorder receive a mental health evaluation or treatment. One possible reason for the low rate of care for anxious preschoolers is the lack of affordable, timely, reliable and valid tools for identifying young children with clinically significant anxiety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878819/vitiligo-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#14
REVIEW
Y Lai, Y W Yew, C Kennedy, R A Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a common depigmenting disorder with profound psychosocial impacts. Previous observational studies have suggested a link between vitiligo and psychiatric morbidity such as depression. Variability in study design, however, makes it difficult to accurately quantify the relationship between vitiligo and depression. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the underlying prevalence and risk of depression among vitiligo patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane library databases was conducted...
November 23, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876300/functional-voice-disorders-the-importance-of-the-psychologist-in-clinical-voice-assessment
#16
Mafalda Andrea, Óscar Dias, Mário Andrea, Maria Luísa Figueira
OBJECTIVES: The etiopathogenesis of functional voice disorders (FVDs) is multifactorial. The purpose of this study was to analyze the severity of depression and anxiety, and the incidence of affective and anxiety disorders, in patients who presented different types of FVDs and were followed at the University Clinic of Otolaryngology. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: After ENT observation, 83 women were classified into three groups: psychogenic voice disorder (PVD = 39), primary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD1 = 16), and secondary muscle tension voice disorder (MTVD2 = 28)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871760/hepatitis-c-treatment-clinical-issues-for-psychiatrists-in-the-post-interferon-era
#17
REVIEW
Yvonne Chasser, Arthur Y Kim, Oliver Freudenreich
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a widespread and costly cause of morbidity and mortality globally and in the United States. The treatment of HCV has been revolutionized with the recent development of direct-acting antiviral medications. These new treatments are substantially better tolerated and more efficacious than previously used interferon-based therapies. Despite these innovations, sustained virologic response has remained low, hovering at approximately 9% of all infected persons...
September 14, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871239/lesbian-womens-access-to-healthcare-experiences-with-and-expectations-towards-gps-in-german-primary-care
#18
Oliver Hirsch, Karina Löltgen, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian women have higher rates of physical and psychiatric disorders associated with experiences of discrimination, homophobia and difficulties with coming out. Therefore, easy access to specialized healthcare in an open atmosphere is needed. We aimed to describe women's access to and experiences with healthcare in Germany, and to assess the responsibility of the general practitioner (GP) compared to other specialities providing primary health care. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted via internet and paper-based sampling...
November 21, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868172/-the-validity-of-acute-assessments-of-psychiatric-conditions-made-by-psychiatric-emergency-staff
#19
E J M Penterman, F G L M Sabelis, S P A Rasing, C P F van der Staak, H L I Nijman
Earlier research carried out by the outreach psychiatric emergency team in the region of Uden / Veghel in the Netherlands indicated that the preliminary diagnosis of patients in crisis was associated with aggressive behaviour during the later contact between the patient and the staff of the psychiatric emergency team. An accurate diagnosis by the staff of the psychiatric emergency team is important because it should guide the patient towards the right type of treatment by the most appropriate team. The staff of the psychiatric emergency service who make the initial diagnosis are pressed for time and have only limited information...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867364/an-objective-screening-method-for-major-depressive-disorder-using-logistic-regression-analysis-of-heart-rate-variability-data-obtained-in-a-mental-task-paradigm
#20
Guanghao Sun, Toshikazu Shinba, Tetsuo Kirimoto, Takemi Matsui
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Heart rate variability (HRV) has been intensively studied as a promising biological marker of major depressive disorder (MDD). Our previous study confirmed that autonomic activity and reactivity in depression revealed by HRV during rest and mental task (MT) conditions can be used as diagnostic measures and in clinical evaluation. In this study, logistic regression analysis (LRA) was utilized for the classification and prediction of MDD based on HRV data obtained in an MT paradigm...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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