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Psychiatric screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776000/examining-the-relationship-between-traumatic-growth-and-psychological-resilience-in-young-adult-children-of-parents-with-and-without-a-mental-disorder
#1
Gül Ergün, Funda Gümüş, Gül Dikeç
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between traumatic growth and psychological resilience in young adult children of parents with a mental disorder and to compare them with young adult children of parents without mental disorders. BACKGROUND: Negative life experiences that lead to trauma can affect young adults' psychological resilience, either positively or negatively. This study investigates levels of traumatic growth, the characteristics of psychological resilience, and the relationship between the former and latter in young adults between the ages of 18 and 23 who have parents with a mental disorder and who have parents without a mental disorder...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770340/diabetes-related-distress-assessment-among-type-2-diabetes-patients
#2
Majed O Aljuaid, Abdulmajeed M Almutairi, Mohammed A Assiri, Dhifallah M Almalki, Khaled Alswat
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases; it is a debilitating and hard to live with. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) refers to the emotional and behavioral changes caused by diabetes. Our study aims to assess the prevalence of DRD among type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients using Diabetes Distress Scale-17 items (DDS-17) and its relation to complications and treatment modalities. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adult T2D patients with follow-up visits at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Taif, Saudi Arabia, between January and July 2017...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761020/tested-and-reported-executive-problems-in-children-and-youth-epilepsy
#3
Erik Hessen, Kristin Å Alfstad, Halvor Torgersen, Morten I Lossius
Objectives: Executive problems in children and youth with epilepsy influence their ability to handle important aspects of daily life activities. The present study sought to explore factors associated with executive problems for patients with epilepsy in this age group. Methods: The cohort consisted of 97 consecutive patients at the National Centre for Epilepsy in Norway, aged 10-19 years, with focal or genetic generalized epilepsy. All underwent tests of executive functions (D-KEFS), the Behavior Rating Inventory for Executive Function (BRIEF), and screening for psychiatric symptoms, using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761007/behavioral-changes-induced-through-adenosine-a2a-receptor-ligands-in-a-rat-depression-model-induced-by-olfactory-bulbectomy
#4
Karla Margarita Padilla, Andres Quintanar-Setephano, Fabian López-Vallejo, Laura Cristina Berumen, Ricardo Miledi, Guadalupe García-Alcocer
Background: Major depressive disorders are characterized by their severity and long-lasting symptoms, which make such disorders highly disabling illnesses. Unfortunately, 50% of major depressive patients experience relapses, perhaps partly because drug research has been performed only in animal models that screen for antidepressant drugs that appear to only ameliorate acute depression symptoms. The bilateral olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) animal model presents the advantage of mimicking the symptoms of chronic depression by means of brain surgery...
May 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760859/substance-use-in-pregnant-women-using-the-emergency-department-undertested-and-overlooked
#5
C Leigh Moyer, Sean Johnson, Marilyn G Klug, Larry Burd
Introduction: The objective was to determine if pregnant women visiting the emergency department (ED) are tested for substance use as frequently as non-pregnant women. Methods: We captured all ED visits over a six-year period (2010-2016) from a single community hospital and identified women of childbearing age, defined for our study as 11-50 years old. We collected demographic data including age in years, ethnicity, body mass index, marital status, disposition, last encounter department, method of arrival, and day of week...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760858/occult-suicidality-and-psychiatric-disease-among-emergency-department-patients-with-low-acuity-chief-complaints
#6
Stephen M McBride, Valerie A Braz, Christopher W Jones
Introduction: Patients presenting to emergency departments (ED) are often screened for suicidality, even when their chief complaint does not involve mental health concerns. Patient receptiveness to ED-based mental health screening and intervention is unknown, particularly among patients with low-acuity chief complaints, who often prioritize rapid evaluation and discharge. Methods: This cross-sectional study included adults with low-acuity chief complaints presenting to an urban, academic ED in the Northeastern United States during daytime and evening hours, from 2015 to 2016...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753748/the-abuse-potential-of-medical-psilocybin-according-to-the-8-factors-of-the-controlled-substances-act
#7
REVIEW
Matthew W Johnson, Roland R Griffiths, Peter S Hendricks, Jack E Henningfield
This review assesses the abuse potential of medically-administered psilocybin, following the structure of the 8 factors of the US Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Research suggests the potential safety and efficacy of psilocybin in treating cancer-related psychiatric distress and substance use disorders, setting the occasion for this review. A more extensive assessment of abuse potential according to an 8 factor analysis would eventually be required to guide appropriate schedule placement. Psilocybin, like other 5-HT2A agonist classic psychedelics, has limited reinforcing effects, supporting marginal, transient non-human self-administration...
May 10, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753571/subway-related-trauma-an-urban-public-health-issue-with-a-high-case-fatality-rate
#8
Simon G Rodier, Charles J DiMaggio, Stephen Wall, Vasiliy Sim, Spiros G Frangos, Patricia Ayoung-Chee, Marko Bukur, Manish Tandon, S Rob Todd, Gary T Marshall
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2003, there were 668 subway-related fatalities in New York City. However, subway-related trauma remains an understudied area of injury-related morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the injuries and events leading up to the injuries of all patients admitted after subway-related trauma. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case series of subway-related trauma at a Level I trauma center from 2001 to 2016...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753435/-acceptability-of-the-systematic-screening-of-suicidal-adolescents-in-emergency-departments
#9
Gabrielle Stoven, Jonathan Lachal, Erick Gokalsing, Lucie Baux, Louis Jehel, Michel Spodenkiewicz
Studies of adolescent suicide screening tools have increased with the development of questionnaires that can be used in paediatric emergency departments. This article proposes a literature review of the acceptability of such interventions. Although these tools are well accepted when they are systematized, their usefulness is determined by the availability of child psychiatric care with the right balance between the adolescent's confidentiality and parental involvement.
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753423/-resistant-hypertension-by-unadvertised-non-compliance-detected-by-psychiatric-expertise-and-drug-dosages
#10
R Didier, M Gilard, T Denolle
The management of patients with resistant hypertension remains a major challenge in daily clinical practice in order to limit macro and microvascular impact. However, lack of compliance often remains one of the main etiologies of resistant hypertension. Through a clinical case of complex therapeutic non-compliance, we will detail the frequency, the screening and the management of therapeutic non-compliance. Finally, we will specify the contribution of drug dosages and psychological expertise in screening non-observant patients with presumed resistant hypertension...
May 9, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753295/major-depressive-disorder-in-epilepsy-clinics-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Minjung Kim, Young-Soo Kim, Do-Hyung Kim, Tae-Won Yang, Oh-Young Kwon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although depression is a frequent psychiatric comorbidity in people with epilepsy (PWE), its prevalence has been underestimated. Comorbid depression has negative impacts on treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL). It also causes various problems in PWE, such as fatigue, irritability, and suicidality. This meta-analysis was performed to estimate the frequency of major depression disorder (MDD) in clinics managing PWE. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS to identify studies...
May 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752639/prevalence-of-hiv-viral-load-suppression-among-psychiatric-inpatients-with-comorbid-substance-use-disorders
#12
D M Coviello, R Lovato, K Apostol, M M Eisenberg, D S Metzger, R Szucs-Reed, N Kiryankova-Dalseth, D Kelly, A Jackson, M Plano, M B Blank
A consistently suppressed viral load enables HIV (+) patients to live longer, healthier lives and reduces the probability of transmitting the virus. Since the prevalence of HIV is four times higher among those with psychiatric disorders than in the general population, it is likely that this group would also have greater difficulty remaining in care and achieving viral suppression. A secondary data analysis utilizing screening data from the Preventing AIDS Through Health (PATH) for Triples (PFT) Study were examined to assess HIV load suppression among 254 psychiatric inpatients with comorbid substance use disorders in Philadelphia...
May 11, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747037/investigating-the-effect-of-alcohol-brief-interventions-within-accident-and-emergency-departments-using-a-data-informatics-methodology
#13
Alex Baldacchino, Louise O'Rourke, Gerry Humphris
BACKGROUND: Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABI) have been implemented throughout Scotland since 2008 and aim to reduce hazardous drinking through a Scottish Government funded initiative delivered in a range of settings, including Accident and Emergency (A and E) departments. PURPOSE: To study the extent to which Alcohol Brief Interventions (ABI) are associated with later health service use. METHOD: An opportunistic informatics approach was applied...
April 30, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745445/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-united-states-military-spouses-the-millennium-cohort-family-study
#14
Maria M Steenkamp, Nida H Corry, Meng Qian, Meng Li, Hope Seib McMaster, John A Fairbank, Valerie A Stander, Laura Hollahan, Charles R Marmar
BACKGROUND: Approximately half of US service members are married, equating to 1.1 million military spouses, yet the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among military spouses remains understudied. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of eight mental health conditions in spouses of service members with 2-5 years of service. METHOD: We employed baseline data from the Millennium Cohort Family Study, a 21-year longitudinal survey following 9,872 military-affiliated married couples representing all US service branches and active duty, Reserve, and National Guard components...
May 10, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744320/a-study-of-depression-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-adolescents-living-in-institutional-homes
#15
Archana Vinnakota, Ravneet Kaur
Background: Adolescence, a psychologically vulnerable stage of life, when coupled with stressful environment such as institutional homes, may result in high psychiatric morbidity. These psychiatric disorders including depression are detrimental to the psychological development in adolescents. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to describe and study the extent of depression in adolescent boys and girls living in institutional homes and to study the association between depression and externalizing and Internalizing behaviors among adolescents in institutional homes...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742940/the-role-of-oxidative-stress-in-anxiety-disorder-cause-or-consequence
#16
Alessandra das Graças Fedoce, Frederico Ferreira, Robert G Bota, Vicent Bonet-Costa, Patrick Y Sun, Kelvin J A Davies
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental illness in the USA affecting 18% of the population. The cause(s) of anxiety disorders is/are not completely clear, and research in the neurobiology of anxiety at the molecular level is still rather limited. Although mounting clinical and preclinical evidence now indicates that oxidative stress may be a major component of anxiety pathology, whether oxidative stress is the cause or consequence remains elusive. Studies conducted over the past few years suggest that anxiety disorders may be characterized by lowered antioxidant defenses and increased oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and nucleic acids...
May 9, 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741667/the-impact-of-opioid-epidemic-trends-on-hospitalized-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients
#17
Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Russell Rosenblatt, Stephanie Gold, Robert Burakoff, Akbar Waljee, Sameer Saini, Bruce R Schackman, Ellen Scherl, Carl Crawford
Background and Aims: Opioid use disorder (OUD) has become a public health crisis among patients with chronic disease. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are high risk for OUD because they suffer from chronic relapsing-remitting pain.  We aimed to describe the prevalence and trends in OUD-related diagnoses among hospitalized IBD patients. Methods: A retrospective study was performed using weighted Nationwide Inpatient Sample data from 2005-2014. Adult IBD hospital visits and OUD-related diagnoses were identified using a previously published schema...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741217/the-effect-of-implementing-a-tobacco-treatment-service-on-adherence-to-evidence-based-practice-in-an-inpatient-state-owned-psychiatric-hospital
#18
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Barbara Stead
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) requires reporting of specific tobacco treatment (TT) measures. We examined compliance to these measures before and after initiation of a specialized TT service in a state-psychiatric hospital. METHODS: Using a retrospective analysis, patient records (N = 3669) were examined, using one-way ANOVAs, for changes in rates of tobacco use screening and treatment between September-December 2015 (pre-implementation of CMS requirements), and January-April, May-August, and September-December 2016 (post-implementation of the CMS requirements)...
May 9, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740352/a-follow-up-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorders-in-tuareg-refugees-in-burkina-faso
#19
Mauro Giovanni Carta, Daniela Moro, Fadimata Wallet Oumar, Maria Francesca Moro, Mirra Pintus, Elisa Pintus, Luigi Minerba, Federica Sancassiani, Elisabetta Pascolo-Fabrici, Antonio Preti, Dinesh Kumar Bhugra
Introduction: The aim of this study was to carry out a 2-year follow-up of refugees in a camp in Burkina Faso who had been interviewed previously. We also aimed to verify whether the general conditions in which they lived (e.g., protection by international organizations and the conclusion of negotiations and new hope of returning to Mali and reunification with surviving family members) would affect their mental health state. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study repeated over time on a cohort of refugees...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739133/increased-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-in-male-heroin-addicts-a-prospective-controlled-study
#20
Erdinc Cıcek, Başak Demırel, Ismet Esra Cıcek, Aslı Seda Kıraç, Ibrahim Eren
Objective: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are markers that can determine the presence of systemic inflammatory response. In this study, we examined the NLR and PLR levels in patients with heroin dependence compared to healthy controls. Methods: The study sample included 90 male patients with heroin dependence aged 18 to 45 years and 60 healthy subjects who had similar socio-demographic characteristics as the patient group...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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