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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330583/pregnant-adolescent-women-s-perceptions-of-depression-and-psychiatric-services-in-the-united-states
#1
Sarah E Bledsoe, Cynthia F Rizo, Traci L Wike, Candace Killian-Farrell, Julia Wessel, Anne-Marie O Bellows, Alison Doernberg
PROBLEM: Adolescent mothers and their children are at high-risk for depression and the associated negative educational, social, health, and economic outcomes. BACKGROUND: However, few pregnant adolescent women with depression receive psychiatric services, especially low-income or racial/ethnic minority adolescent women. AIM: This qualitative study explores perceptions of depression, psychiatric services, and barriers to accessing services in a sample of low-income, pregnant racial/ethnic minority adolescent women...
March 15, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321163/optimizing-hepatitis-c-virus-treatment-through-pharmacist-interventions-identification-and-management-of-drug-drug-interactions
#2
Jacob A Langness, Matthew Nguyen, Amanda Wieland, Gregory T Everson, Jennifer J Kiser
AIM: To quantify drug-drug-interactions (DDIs) encountered in patients prescribed hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment, the interventions made, and the time spent in this process. METHODS: As standard of care, a clinical pharmacist screened for DDIs in patients prescribed direct acting antiviral (DAA) HCV treatment between November 2013 and July 2015 at the University of Colorado Hepatology Clinic. HCV regimens prescribed included ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF), paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir (OBV/PTV/r + DSV), simeprevir/sofosbuvir (SIM/SOF), and sofosbuvir/ribavirin (SOF/RBV)...
March 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318411/predicting-a-dissociative-disorder-from-type-of-childhood-maltreatment-and-abuser-abused-relational-tie
#3
Christa Krüger, Lizelle Fletcher
We investigate the types of childhood maltreatment and abuser-abused relational ties that best predict a dissociative disorder (DD). Psychiatric inpatients (n = 116; mean age = 35; F:M = 1.28:1) completed measures of dissociation and trauma. Abuse type and abuser-abused relational ties were recorded in the Traumatic Experiences Questionnaire. Multidisciplinary team clinical diagnosis or administration of the SCID-D-R to high dissociators confirmed DD diagnoses. Logit models described the relationships between abuser-abused relational tie and the diagnostic grouping of patients, DD present (n = 16) or DD absent (n = 100)...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316064/depression-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-southwest-regional-hospitals-of-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Pleasure Atoh Ngum, Peter Nde Fon, Roland Cheofor Ngu, Vincent Siysi Verla, Henri Namme Luma
INTRODUCTION: HIV patients are now having longer life expectancies with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the issue of mental illness has surfaced with depression being the most common in these patients, which has markedly reduced patient adherence to ART. In Cameroon, the management of HIV/AIDS does not incorporate psychiatric manifestations and depression is therefore underdiagnosed. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms and their association with adherence to ART among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in the Southwest Regional Hospitals of Cameroon...
March 18, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315630/risk-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-in-early-postpartum-period-and-after-puerperium-are-they-the-same
#5
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Correlation between the occurrence of postnatal depressive symptoms at 5 days and 6 weeks postpartum is well established. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of psychosocial and perinatal factors on the occurrence of postpartum depressive symptoms 2 to 5 days and 6 weeks after delivery. METHODS: 373 women in early postpartum (EPG) and 107 women 6 weeks after delivery (late postpartum group - LPG) completed a questionnaire including questions concerning mothers' characteristics, obstetric and neonatal complications during pregnancy, psychiatric factors and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
November 19, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315109/mental-health-visits-examining-socio-demographic-and-diagnosis-trends-in-the-emergency-department-by-the-pediatric-population
#6
Sharon M Holder, Kenneth Rogers, Eunice Peterson, Christian Ochonma
The emergency department (ED) is increasingly being used for mental health visits by children and adolescents. It is estimated that 21-23% of youth have a diagnosable psychiatric or substance use disorder. Using data from the ED of a tertiary medical center, we examined trends in mental health diagnoses over a 5-year period. In school age children the most prevalent diagnoses were anxiety disorders (28.4%); disorders first usually diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence (26.5%), and mood disorders (18...
March 17, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#7
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301561/treating-major-depression-with-yoga-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Sudha Prathikanti, Renee Rivera, Ashly Cochran, Jose Gabriel Tungol, Nima Fayazmanesh, Eva Weinmann
BACKGROUND: Conventional pharmacotherapies and psychotherapies for major depression are associated with limited adherence to care and relatively low remission rates. Yoga may offer an alternative treatment option, but rigorous studies are few. This randomized controlled trial with blinded outcome assessors examined an 8-week hatha yoga intervention as mono-therapy for mild-to-moderate major depression. METHODS: Investigators recruited 38 adults in San Francisco meeting criteria for major depression of mild-to-moderate severity, per structured psychiatric interview and scores of 14-28 on Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301180/borderline-personality-disorder-and-mental-health-care-utilization-the-role-of-self-harm
#9
Randy A Sansone, Martin Sellbom, Douglas A Songer
The current study examined the associations for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and a specific trait of the disorder, self-harm, with mental health care utilization. Our sample consisted of 145 psychiatric inpatients who completed 3 measures of BPD (Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4 [PDQ-4], McLean Screening Inventory for borderline personality disorder [MSI-BPD], Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders-Personality Questionnaire [SCID-II-PQ]) and the Self-Harm Inventory (SHI). In relationship to mental health care utilization, the correlation for the SHI was significantly larger than those for the PDQ-4, MSI-BPD, or SCID-II-PQ...
March 16, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300443/atopic-dermatitis-depression-and-suicidality
#10
Mathew N Nicholas, Melinda J Gooderham
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease associated with an underappreciated increased risk of depression and suicidality. Current literature investigates associated risk factors, including severity of disease, age, sex, and atopic comorbidities, which may help identify patients with AD at high risk for depression or suicidality. Increasing severity of AD and female sex are associated with an increased risk for both depression and suicidality, while increasing age is associated with an increased risk for depression only...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299868/impact-of-a-nurse-practitioner-role-on-metabolic-monitoring-completion-and-referrals-for-consumers-admitted-to-the-intensive-care-area-of-an-acute-inpatient-psychiatric-unit
#11
Trudy Brown, Brian McKenna, Trentham Furness
Mental illness increases a person's risk of physical health issues, including cardiovascular disease, leading to premature morbidity and mortality. Screening for cardiovascular disease through metabolic monitoring is recommended to aid in early detection. The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether consumers admitted to an inpatient mental health unit receive routine metabolic monitoring, and to explore the contribution of a nurse practitioner to metabolic monitoring and the actioning of abnormal results...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293767/gambling-in-a-national-u-s-veteran-population-prevalence-socio-demographics-and-psychiatric-comorbidities
#12
Elina A Stefanovics, Marc N Potenza, Robert H Pietrzak
This study aimed to examine associations between gambling level and clinically relevant measures, including psychiatric disorders and suicidality, in a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans. Data on 3157 U.S. veterans were analyzed from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Chi square tests and analyses of variance were used to assess associations between gambling level, and demographic, military, and personality characteristics. Multinomial logistic regressions using stepwise selection were used to identify independent correlates of recreational gambling and at-risk/problem gambling (ARPG)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292226/outcomes-of-offenders-with-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders-and-mental-disorders
#13
Geoff Wilton, Lynn A Stewart
OBJECTIVE: Whether a diagnosis of a mental disorder contributes to the risk of poorer correctional outcomes is controversial. This study aimed to clarify the extent to which mental and substance use disorders individually and in combination contribute to correctional outcomes in order to determine optimal treatment and promote public safety. METHODS: Differences were examined between four groups of federal offenders in Canada (N=715): those with a mental disorder only, those with a substance use disorder only, those with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders, and those with no disorder...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289812/the-icm-research-agenda-on-intensive-care-unit-acquired-weakness
#14
Nicola Latronico, Margaret Herridge, Ramona O Hopkins, Derek Angus, Nicholas Hart, Greet Hermans, Theodore Iwashyna, Yaseen Arabi, Giuseppe Citerio, E Wesley Ely, Jesse Hall, Sangeeta Mehta, Kathleen Puntillo, Johannes Van den Hoeven, Hannah Wunsch, Deborah Cook, Claudia Dos Santos, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jean-Louis Vincent, Greet Van den Berghe, Elie Azoulay, Dale M Needham
We present areas of uncertainty concerning intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) and identify areas for future research. Age, pre-ICU functional and cognitive state, concurrent illness, frailty, and health trajectories impact outcomes and should be assessed to stratify patients. In the ICU, early assessment of limb and diaphragm muscle strength and function using nonvolitional tests may be useful, but comparison with established methods of global and specific muscle strength and physical function and determination of their reliability and normal values would be important to advance these techniques...
March 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282066/medically-unexplained-visual-loss-in-children-and-young-people-an-observational-single-site-study-of-incidence-and-outcomes
#15
M C Daniel, A Coughtrey, I Heyman, A H Dahlmann-Noor
PurposeTo determine the incidence of medically unexplained visual loss (MUVL) in children in an open access children's eye casualty.Patients and methodsWe collated demographic and clinical data of consecutive patients younger than 16 years who presented to the children's eye casualty at Moorfields Eye Hospital over a 12-month period and were diagnosed with MUVL or suspected MUVL. We reviewed the clinical records at least 3 months after initial presentation. We calculated the incidence using the number of 'new patient' attendances over the same period as denominator (n=2397)...
March 10, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281893/universal-adolescent-suicide-screening-in-a-pediatric-urgent-care-center
#16
Aimy Patel, Catherine Watts, Sheri Shiddell, Karla Couch, Amber M Smith, Michael J Moran, Gregory P Conners
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to describe the implementation of a two-question suicide screening tool in a pediatric urgent care center to identify patients at risk of suicide. METHODS: Adolescents presenting during a 12-month period completed the screening tool. Positive response to either question triggered further social work evaluation, including a Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale. RESULTS: Of 4786 patients screened, 95 (2%) responded positively...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280345/screening-for-bipolar-disorder-among-migraineurs-the-impact-of-migraine-bipolar-disorder-comorbidity-on-disease-characteristics
#17
Yigit Kivilcim, Merih Altintas, Fusun Mayda Domac, Erkal Erzincan, Huseyin Gülec
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of comorbid bipolar disorder (BD) among migraineurs and the impact of migraine-BD comorbidity on disease characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 adult patients diagnosed with migraine at a single tertiary care center were included in this cross-sectional study. Data on sociodemographic and migraine-related characteristics, family history of psychiatric diseases, comorbid psychiatric diseases, and first-episode characteristics were recorded...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280342/quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Anna Coluccia, Fabio Ferretti, Andrea Fagiolini, Andrea Pozza
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a seriously impairing psychiatric condition that affects 1%-3% of youth. Investigating the quality of life (QOL) is an important issue for treatment planning of this disorder, as targeting symptoms without taking it into account may bias assessment and prognosis when the patient presents with reduced symptoms that do not correspond to improved QOL. However, QOL in young individuals with OCD has been understudied. This meta-analysis summarized current evidence that assessed differences in global, social and school QOL dimensions, between children/adolescents with OCD and screened controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278485/dynamic-multimodal-measurement-of-depression-severity-using-deep-autoencoding
#19
Hamdi Dibeklioglu, Zakia Hammal, Jeffrey F Cohn
Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide, with over 350 million people affected. Current methods to screen for and assess depression depend almost entirely on clinical interviews and self-report scales. While useful, such measures lack objective, systematic, and efficient ways of incorporating behavioral observations that are strong indicators of depression presence and severity. Using dynamics of facial and head movement and vocalization, we trained classifiers to detect three levels of depression severity...
March 2, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276873/the-hidden-niemann-pick-type-c-patient-clinical-niches-for-a-rare-inherited-metabolic-disease
#20
Christian J Hendriksz, Mathieu Anheim, Peter Bauer, Olivier Bonnot, Anupam Chakrapani, Jean-Christophe Corvol, Tom J de Koning, Anna Degtyareva, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Sarah Doss, Thomas Duning, Paola Giunti, Rosa Iodice, Tracy Johnston, Dierdre Kelly, Hans-Hermann Klünemann, Stefan Lorenzl, Alessandro Padovani, Miguel Pocovi, Matthis Synofzik, Alta Terblanche, Florian Then Bergh, Meral Topçu, Christine Tranchant, Mark Walterfang, Christian Velten, Stefan A Kolb
BACKGROUND: Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare, inherited neurodegenerative disease of impaired intracellular lipid trafficking. Clinical symptoms are highly heterogeneous, including neurological, visceral, or psychiatric manifestations. The incidence of NP-C is under-estimated due to under-recognition or misdiagnosis across a wide range of medical fields. New screening and diagnostic methods provide an opportunity to improve detection of unrecognized cases in clinical sub-populations associated with a higher risk of NP-C...
March 2, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
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