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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351714/-prevalence-and-phenomenology-of-psychotic-like-symptoms-in-borderline-personality-disorders-associations-with-suicide-attempts-and-use-of-psychiatric-inpatient-treatment
#1
Katrin Schroeder, Anja Schätzle, Pauline Kowohl, Lisa Leske, Christian G Huber, Ingo Schäfer
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like symptoms are found in a subgroup of borderline patients (BPD). Reported prevalence is heterogeneous (up to 50% affected). Investigations in Germany have not been conducted so far. Furthermore, the precise phenomenology of the psychotic symptoms and the effects on suicidal behavior and the use of inpatient psychiatric treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate prevalence rates and phenomenology of psychotic-like symptoms...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343229/the-colombo-twin-and-singleton-follow-up-study-a-population-based-twin-study-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-sri-lanka
#2
Kaushalya Jayaweera, Lisa Aschan, Gayani Pannala, Anushka Adikari, Nicholas Glozier, Khalida Ismail, Carmine M Pariante, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Sisira Siribaddana, Helena M S Zavos, Patricia A Zunszain, Athula Sumathipala, Matthew Hotopf
BACKGROUND: The disease burden related to mental disorders and metabolic syndrome is growing in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS) is a population-based sample of twins and singletons in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Here we present prevalence estimates for metabolic syndrome (metS) and mental disorders from a follow-up (COTASS-2) of the original study (COTASS-1), which was a mental health survey. METHODS: In COTASS-2, participants completed structured interviews, anthropometric measures and provided fasting blood and urine samples...
January 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331695/depression-and-playfulness-in-fathers-and-young-infants-a-matched-design-comparison-study
#3
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Olivia Edmondson, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of some adverse child developmental outcomes. One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of risk is through the negative effects of depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. So far, evidence indicates that depressed fathers tend to be more withdrawn in their early interactions. However, the interaction dimensions studied to date may not be able to detect and accurately classify unique features of father-infant play - including physically stimulating and highly rousing episodes of play...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331595/the-interaction-between-neurocognitive-functioning-subthreshold-psychotic-symptoms-and-pharmacotherapy-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-longitudinal-comparative-study
#4
R Weinberger, O Weisman, Y Guri, T Harel, A Weizman, D Gothelf
BACKGROUND: The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is the most common genetic syndrome associated with schizophrenia. The goal of this study was to evaluate longitudinally the interaction between neurocognitive functioning, the presence of subthreshold psychotic symptoms (SPS) and conversion to psychosis in individuals with 22q11DS. In addition, we attempted to identify the specific neurocognitive domains that predict the longitudinal evolution of positive and negative SPS, as well as the effect of psychiatric medications on 22q11DS psychiatric and cognitive developmental trajectories...
December 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330606/the-associations-of-poor-psychiatric-well-being-among-incarcerated-men-with-injecting-drug-use-histories-in-victoria-australia
#5
Reece Cossar, Mark Stoové, Stuart A Kinner, Paul Dietze, Campbell Aitken, Michael Curtis, Amy Kirwan, James R P Ogloff
BACKGROUND: Dual substance dependence and psychiatric and psychological morbidities are overrepresented in prison populations and associated with reoffending. In the context of an increasing prison population in Australia, investigating the needs of vulnerable people in prison with a dual diagnosis can help inform in-prison screening and treatment and improve prison and community service integration and continuation of care. In this study we quantified psychiatric well-being in a sample of people in prison with a history of injecting drug use in Victoria, Australia, and identified factors associated with this outcome...
January 13, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324086/how-robust-is-the-influence-of-causal-explanation-on-clinical-judgments-assessments-in-structured-clinical-interviews
#6
Mason R Jenkins, Nancy S Kim
When causal life-event explanations for disorder symptoms are available, clinicians tend to explain away those symptoms (Ahn, Novick, & Kim, 2003 ; Meehl, 1973 ), eschewing formal diagnostic guidelines such as the DSM-5 (American Psychiatric Association, 2013 ). We asked whether this effect is attenuated in the context of a structured diagnostic clinical interview procedure, which deliberately directs evaluators' attention to symptoms alone, or whether it is robust enough to continue to emerge. Across two experiments, lay evaluators given causal life-event explanations for disordered behaviors gave them lower judgments of abnormality and need for treatment compared to evaluators not given such explanations, regardless of whether they used a structured clinical interview...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323412/microsystems-of-recovery-in-homeless-services-the-influence-of%C3%A2-service-provider-values-on-service-users-recovery-experiences
#7
Rachel M Manning, Ronni Michelle Greenwood
There is still much to learn about how aspects of the ecology of homelessness shape homeless adults' recovery experiences. In the present mixed-methods study, the relationship of service providers' work-related values to their service users' recovery experiences in the microsystem of homelessness were examined. Service providers completed semi-structured qualitative interviews about their service users, daily work activities, and work-related goals. At three time points, their service users completed quantitative measures of choice, mastery, and recovery in four life domains: physical health, psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and community integration...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320381/a-brief-interview-to-detect-panic-attacks-and-panic-disorder-in-emergency-department-patients-with-cardiopulmonary-complaints
#8
Sharon C Sung, A John Rush, Arul Earnest, Leslie E C Lim, Maeve P P Pek, Joen M F Choi, Magdalene P K Ng, Marcus E H Ong
OBJECTIVES: Patients with panic-related anxiety often initially present to the emergency department (ED) complaining of respiratory or cardiac symptoms, but rates of detection of panic symptoms by ED physicians remain low. This study was undertaken to evaluate the relevance of panic attacks and panic disorder in ED patients who present with cardiopulmonary symptoms and to determine whether a brief symptom-based tool could be constructed to assist in rapid recognition of panic-related anxiety in the ED setting...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316894/access-to-primary-and-specialized-somatic-health-care-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study-of-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-in-swedish-health-care
#9
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Jarl Torgerson, Anna Norman Kjellström, Peder Welin, Marie Rusner
BACKGROUND: Persons with severe mental illness (e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) have a high prevalence of somatic conditions compared to the general population. Mortality data in the Nordic countries reveal that these persons die 15-20 years earlier than the general population. Some factors explaining this high prevalence may be related to the individuals in question; others arise from the health care system's difficulty in offering somatic health care to these patient groups. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore the experiences and views of patients, relatives and clinicians regarding individual and organizational factors which facilitate or hinder access to somatic health care for persons with severe mental illness...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316451/an-innovative-model-to-coordinate-healthcare-and-social-services-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-mixed-methods-case-study-of-maryland-s-medicaid-health-home-program
#10
Emma E McGinty, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Sarah Linden, Seema Choksy, Elizabeth Stone, Gail L Daumit
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a case study examining implementation of Maryland's Medicaid health home program, a unique model for integration of behavioral, somatic, and social services for people with serious mental illness (SMI) in the psychiatric rehabilitation program setting. METHOD: We conducted interviews and surveys with health home leaders (N=72) and front-line staff (N=627) representing 46 of the 48 total health home programs active during the November 2015-December 2016 study period...
December 16, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285720/vocational-peer-support-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#11
Oyenike Balogun-Mwangi, E Sally Rogers, Mihoko Maru, Christopher Magee
Peer-delivered services for individuals with psychiatric conditions are becoming an established part of the mental health workforce. Given the growing focus on evidence-based supported employment, peer specialists are often assisting individuals who are choosing, getting, or keeping employment. As part of a larger randomized clinical trial examining the effectiveness of an innovative intervention called vocational peer support, 13 semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted to examine how recipients perceived peer support, and whether or how it was useful for pursuing vocational goals...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279855/child-abuse-and-neglect-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-nonviolent-and-violent-female-offenders
#12
Nicole Trauffer, Cathy Spatz Widom
Although the percentage of crimes committed by females has increased over the last 20 years in the United States, most research focuses on crimes by males. This article describes an examination of the extent to which childhood maltreatment predicts violent and nonviolent offending in females and the role of psychiatric disorders. Using data from a prospective cohort design study, girls with substantiated cases of physical and sexual abuse and neglect were matched with nonmaltreated girls (controls) on the basis of age, race, and approximate family socioeconomic class, and followed into adulthood (N = 582)...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Gender
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277953/emergent-leadership-among-tenants-with-psychiatric-disabilities-living-in-supported-housing
#13
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The overall aim of this study was to explore the experiences of people with psychiatric disabilities living as tenants in independent, supported apartments for the first time. Supported housing provides an alternative to structured, custodial housing models, such as foster homes, or board-and-care homes, for clients in public mental health systems. This article reports findings on how leadership emerged among tenants after making the transition from custodial to supported housing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with tenants (n = 24) and included questions on their housing history, current living situation, relationships with staff, participation, and understanding or experience of leadership...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274531/the-association-between-pain-and-suicidal-behavior-in-an-english-national-sample-the-role-of-psychopathology
#14
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
Pain has been linked with an increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior. However, the role of common mental disorders (CMDs) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits in this association is largely unknown. This study was based on data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (N = 7403). Suicidal behavior referred to past 12-month suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Pain was assessed in terms of the level of its interference with work activity in the past four weeks. BPD traits were assessed with the structured interview for DSM disorders questionnaire, and CMDs with the Clinical Interview Schedule Revised (CIS-R)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274530/prevalence-of-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-individuals-who-die-by-suicide-or-attempt-suicide-in-china-based-on-independent-structured-diagnostic-interviews-with-different-informants
#15
Yongsheng Tong, Michael R Phillips, Yi Yin
Many individuals who die by suicide or attempt suicide have no pre-existing psychiatric record. In these cases determination of the presence of mental illness at the time of the suicidal act depends on diagnostic interviews with different informants, but the reliability of such interviews is unknown. To address this issue, the current study from northern China conducted independent diagnostic interviews (by different psychiatrists) with a co-resident family member and another associate of 151 suicide decedents, with 120 individuals who attempted suicide, and with two proxy informants for each suicide attempter...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250444/associations-between-familial-rates-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-de-novo-genetic-mutations-in-autism
#16
Kyleen Luhrs, Tracey Ward, Caitlin M Hudac, Jennifer Gerdts, Holly A F Stessman, Evan E Eichler, Raphael A Bernier
The purpose of this study was to examine the confluence of genetic and familial risk factors in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with distinct de novo genetic events. We hypothesized that gene-disrupting mutations would be associated with reduced rates of familial psychiatric disorders relative to structural mutations. Participants included families of children with ASD in four groups: de novo duplication copy number variations (DUP, n = 62), de novo deletion copy number variations (DEL, n = 74), de novo likely gene-disrupting mutations (LGDM, n = 267), and children without a known genetic etiology (NON, n = 2111)...
2017: Autism Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244901/trauma-exposure-and-undetected-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-adults-with-a-mental-disorder
#17
Catrin Lewis, Lawrence Raisanen, Jonathan I Bisson, Ian Jones, Stan Zammit
BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with a mental disorder, but symptoms often go undetected and untreated. METHODS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTSD among a large sample of adults with psychiatric diagnoses and to establish factors associated with symptoms going undetected. Participants were 1,946 adults recruited by the National Centre for Mental Health. Structured interviews and validated self-report questionnaires were used to ascertain clinical and demographic information for analysis...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241946/youth-with-psychogenic-non-syncopal-collapse-have-more-somatic-and-psychiatric-symptoms-and-lower-perceptions-of-peer-relationships-than-youth-with-syncope
#18
Geoffrey L Heyer
BACKGROUND: Little is known about somatic and psychiatric symptoms and perceived peer relationships of patients with psychogenic nonsyncopal collapse. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare somatic and psychiatric symptoms and other elements potentially related to functional neurological symptom disorders between youth with psychogenic nonsyncopal collapse and those with neurally mediated syncope. METHODS: Before testing, patients completed a structured interview and questionnaire addressing current symptoms, previous psychiatric diagnoses, referrals, diagnostic testing, prescribed medications, and patient self-ratings of anxiety, depression, and perceived peer relationships...
November 20, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#19
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239029/the-meaning-and-experience-of-stress-among-supported-employment-clients-with-mental-health-problems
#20
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
Many clinicians are concerned that competitive work may cause excessive stress for people with severe mental health problems. Individual Placement and Support (IPS) is acknowledged as the most effective model of supported employment for this population. The manner in which IPS clients define and experience employment-related stress is poorly understood. This qualitative study aims to explore how people with mental health problems receiving IPS services define and experience employment-related stress. We purposively sampled and interviewed 16 clients of an IPS programme, who had been competitively employed for more than 1 month...
December 13, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
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