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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792258/nurses-and-patients-perceptions-of-the-quality-of-psychiatric-nursing-care-in-jordan
#1
Wafa S Alsyouf, Ayman M Hamdan-Mansour, Shaher H Hamaideh, Khaled M Alnadi
BACKGROUND: The quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities remains a challenge for health-care providers in general and for nurses in particular. Identifying the level of quality of care provided for patients in mental health-care facilities as perceived by nurses and patients may help health-care providers improve the quality of care and improve patients' outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to assess the perceptions of nurses and patients of the quality of nursing care, and explore the differences in their perceptions of quality of care in mental health-care facilities in Jordan...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792188/health-related-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-temperament-outweighs-edss
#2
S Salhofer-Polanyi, F Friedrich, S Löffler, P S Rommer, A Gleiss, R Engelmaier, F Leutmezer, B Vyssoki
BACKGROUND: The influence of personality on health-related quality of life in patients with multiple sclerosis has been the focus of previous studies showing that introversion and neuroticism were related with reduced health related quality of life. However, no data exist on the impact of temperament on quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016 139 multiple sclerosis patients were recruited from a specialized outpatient clinic of the general hospital of Vienna...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779548/utilization-and-economic-contribution-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-practitioners-in-public-behavioral-health-services
#3
Susan A Chapman, Bethany J Phoenix, Talia E Hahn, Deborah C Strod
INTRODUCTION: Expanded insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act and parity in behavioral health coverage have increased demand for services. Yet there is a persistent shortage in the behavioral health workforce. Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) may be part of the solution to shortages but are not yet fully utilized. The purpose of this study was to describe how PMHNPs are utilized, identify barriers to full utilization, and assess PMHNPs' economic contribution in public behavioral health systems...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771555/the-quality-of-assessments-for-childhood-psychopathology-within-a-regional-medical-center
#4
Adam F Sattler, Jarrod M Leffler, Nicole L Harrison, Ewa D Bieber, Joseph J Kosmach, Leslie A Sim, Stephen P H Whiteside
Accurate assessment is essential to implementing effective mental health treatment; however, little research has explored child clinicians' assessment practices in applied settings. The current study thus examines practitioners' use of evidence-based assessment (EBA) instruments (i.e., self-report measures and structured interviews), specificity of identified diagnoses (i.e., use of specific diagnostic labels vs. nonstandardized labels, not otherwise specified [NOS] diagnoses, and adjustment disorder diagnoses), and documentation of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed...
May 17, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#5
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757006/continuity-between-dsm-5-section-ii-and-iii-personality-disorders-in-a-dutch-clinical-sample
#6
Irene M J Orbons, Gina Rossi, Roel Verheul, Mirjam J A Schoutrop, Jan L L Derksen, Daniel L Segal, Sebastiaan P J van Alphen
The goal of this study was to evaluate the continuity across the Section II personality disorders (PDs) and the proposed Section III model of PDs in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed. [DSM-5]; American Psychiatric Association, 2013a ). More specifically, we analyzed association between the DSM-5 Section III pathological trait facets and Section II PDs among 110 Dutch adults (M age = 35.8 years, range = 19-60 years) receiving mental health care. We administered the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Disorders to all participants...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741237/-walking-the-tightrope-the-role-of-peer-support-workers-in-facilitating-consumers-participation-in-decision-making
#7
Michelle Cleary, Toby Raeburn, Phil Escott, Sancia West, Violeta Lopez
In adult mental health services, the participation of consumers is essential. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced by peer support workers when involving mental health consumers in decision-making about their care and the strategies they employed to overcome these challenges so as to improve mental health consumers' participation in decision-making and recovery. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with six peer support workers currently employed in psychiatric hospitals and/or community mental health systems...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739133/increased-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratios-in-male-heroin-addicts-a-prospective-controlled-study
#8
Erdinc Cıcek, Başak Demırel, Ismet Esra Cıcek, Aslı Seda Kıraç, Ibrahim Eren
Objective: The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are markers that can determine the presence of systemic inflammatory response. In this study, we examined the NLR and PLR levels in patients with heroin dependence compared to healthy controls. Methods: The study sample included 90 male patients with heroin dependence aged 18 to 45 years and 60 healthy subjects who had similar socio-demographic characteristics as the patient group...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736064/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-acute-coronary-syndromes-six-month-follow-up-study
#9
D Ramya Shruthi, S Sunil Kumar, Nagaraj Desai, Rajesh Raman, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by coronary atherosclerosis include ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI, and unstable angina. The relation between psychiatric disorders and coronary artery disease is a complex one which includes the effect of the psychosocial factors on heart and vice versa. Point prevalence studies have been reported, but there is paucity of follow-up studies from India. Materials and Methods: The study is a follow-up evaluation at discharge of 248 consecutive patients presented with ACS at JSS Hospital, Mysuru, Karnataka, over a period of 6 months to assess the psychiatric comorbidities...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734057/institutionalised-otherness-patients-references-to-psychiatric-diagnostic-categories
#10
Elina Weiste, Anssi Peräkylä, Taina Valkeapää, Enikö Savander, Jukka Hintikka
Diagnosis is integral part of the way medicine organises illness: it is important for identifying treatment options, predicting outcomes and providing an explanatory framework for clinicians. Previous research has shown that during a medical visit not only the clinician but also patients provide explanations for the causes of their symptoms and health problems. Patients' lifeworld explanations are often differentiated from the diagnostic explanations provided by clinicians. However, while previous conversation analytic research has elaborated the ways in which diagnostic and lifeworld explanations are interactionally structured in somatic medicine, there is little research on how these explanations are organised in psychiatry...
April 30, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732600/how-patient-participation-is-constructed-in-mental-health-care-a-grounded-theory-study
#11
Kim Jørgensen, Jacob Dahl Rendtorff, Mari Holen
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore how patient participation is constructed in social interaction processes between nurses, other health professionals and service users, and which structures provide a framework for the participation of service users in a psychiatric context? METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN: Ten tape-recorded interviews of nurses and observations of interactions between nurses, other health professionals and service users reflected differing constructed views of patient participation...
May 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729979/metabolic-syndrome-and-associated-factors-among-psychiatric-patients-in-jimma-university-specialized-hospital-south-west-ethiopia
#12
Sintayehu Asaye, Shiferaw Bekele, Daniel Tolessa, Waqtola Cheneke
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a multisystem disorder which coined to describe the recognized clustering of metabolic and cardiovascular abnormalities including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and abnormalities of glucose homeostasis. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of metabolic syndrome among psychiatric patients in Jimma University Specialized Hospital. METHODS: This study was conducted at Jimma University Specialized hospital psychiatric ward from May 15 to July 16, 2015...
April 24, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725168/prevalence-of-psychiatric-illness-among-residents-of-old-age-homes-in-northern-india
#13
Shamsi Akbar, S C Tiwari, Rakesh K Tripathi, Nisha M Pandey, Ambrish Kumar
Context: There are many factors which compelled older adults to live in old age homes (OAHs) and vulnerable to psychological problems. Studies reported high prevalence of mental health problems (20%-60%) among elderlies of OAHs. Therefore, the study was conducted to explore prevalence of psychiatric illness (PI) among residents of OAHs of Northern India. Settings and Design: The present study was conducted in OAHs of Districts Bareilly, Lucknow, Varanasi, Dehradun, and Haridwar, using cross-sectional descriptive study method...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706163/irritability-trajectories-cortical-thickness-and-clinical-outcomes-in-a-sample-enriched-for-preschool-depression
#14
David Pagliaccio, Daniel S Pine, Deanna M Barch, Joan L Luby, Ellen Leibenluft
OBJECTIVE: Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and genetic associations exist between irritability and depression. Prior studies have examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and associations with child and familial depression. However, studies have not integrated neurobiological measures. The present study examined developmental trajectories of irritability, clinical outcomes, and cortical structure among preschoolers oversampled for depressive symptoms. METHOD: Beginning at 3 to 5 years old, a sample of 271 children enriched for early depressive symptoms were assessed longitudinally by clinical interview...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704411/are-suicide-risk-factors-gender-specific
#15
Joanna Maria Pawlak, Izabela Miechowicz, Monika Dmitrzak-Węglarz, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Dorota Zaremba, Paweł Kapelski, Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Piotr Czerski, Maria Skibińska, Joanna Hauser
OBJECTIVES: Suicide is an important clinical problem in psychiatric patients. The highest risk of suicide attempts is noted in affective disorders. In this study we tested 20 factors described in the literature (sociodemographic and clinical factors as well as family burden) in association with suicidal behavior and we analyzed whether the significance of those factors differs between males and females. METHODS: In the study we included patients with major depressive disorder (MDD; n = 249) and bipolar affective disorder (BP; n = 582)...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700902/the-leiden-family-lab-study-on-social-anxiety-disorder-a-multiplex-multigenerational-family-study-on-neurocognitive-endophenotypes
#16
Janna Marie Bas-Hoogendam, Anita Harrewijn, Renaud L M Tissier, Melle J W van der Molen, Henk van Steenbergen, Irene M van Vliet, Catrien G Reichart, Jeanine J Houwing-Duistermaat, P Eline Slagboom, Nic J A van der Wee, P Michiel Westenberg
OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a serious and prevalent psychiatric condition, with a heritable component. However, little is known about the characteristics that are associated with the genetic component of SAD, the so-called "endophenotypes". These endophenotypes could advance our insight in the genetic susceptibility to SAD, as they are on the pathway from genotype to phenotype. The Leiden Family Lab study on Social Anxiety Disorder (LFLSAD) is the first multiplex, multigenerational study aimed to identify neurocognitive endophenotypes of social anxiety...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697714/exploring-asian-american-attitudes-regarding-mental-health-treatment-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#17
Katherine Hails, Andrea Madu, Daniel Ju Hyung Kim, Hyeouk Chris Hahm, Benjamin Cook, Justin Chen, Trina Chang, Albert Yeung, Nhi-Ha Trinh
BACKGROUND: In this exploratory study, we examined attitudes regarding mental health treatment among 10 Asian American patients in an urban primary care setting to better understand contextual barriers to care. METHODS: Ten semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with Asian Americans recruited from primary care practices in an urban medical center. RESULTS: The study's qualitative data suggest that focusing on specific cultural concerns is essential for increasing mental health access for Asian Americans...
May 2018: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685697/mental-health-of-jail-inmates-within-the-prison-of-ducos-martinique-a-cross-sectional-descriptive-study
#18
R Arnal, M Spodenkiewicz, J Lacoste, L Jehel, B Falissard
BACKGROUND: Prisoners' sociocultural backgrounds and prison environments have an influence on detainees' psychopathology; complex judicial and public policies are also to be taken into account in the dynamics of that environment. Scientific literature shows a wide range prison inmates' profiles across the world. However, very little data about the mental health of Caribbean jail inmates has been published. Martinique is a French overseas administrative district in the Caribbean, with a population of about 400,000 inhabitants...
April 20, 2018: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673720/-study-of-parental-bonding-in-childhood-in-children-and-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#19
A M H Albinhac, F A M Jean, M P Bouvard
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa constitutes a severe and complex eating disorder occurring principally in adolescence. It is one of the most deadly psychiatric disorders. Considering the multifactorial nature of anorexia nervosa, the important place of the family and the growing interest in the theory of attachment in eating disorders, parental bonding is questioned in anorexia nervosa. The main study goal is to analyze parental bonding in a population of children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa...
April 16, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#20
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
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