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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910160/the-experiences-of-fathers-when-their-partners-are-admitted-with-their-infants-to-a-psychiatric-mother-and-baby-unit
#1
Holly Reid, Angelika Wieck, Andrew Matrunola, Anja Wittkowski
: Mothers with severe post-natal mental illness can be admitted with their infant to a psychiatric mother and baby unit (MBU) in the UK. MBUs provide specialist assessment, management and support. Partners of women admitted to MBUs are integral to their recovery but may show reduced wellbeing themselves, yet their support needs have not been investigated. This study aimed to identify how fathers experience the MBU and how they felt supported. A qualitative design was adopted by using a purposive sample of 17 fathers, recruited from a MBU during their partner's admission...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909452/the-levels-of-cortisol-and-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-child-and-adolescent-victims-of-sexual-abuse-with-or-without-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Şeref Şimşek, Tuğba Yüksel, İbrahim Kaplan, Cem Uysal, Hüseyin Aktaş
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cortisol and oxidative stress levels and DNA damage differ between individuals who developed PTSD or not following a sexual trauma. METHODS: The study included 61 children aged between 5 and 17 years who sustained sexual abuse (M/F: 18/43). The patients were divided into two groups: patients with PTSD and patients without PTSD based, based on the results of a structured psychiatric interview (K-SADS-PL and CAPS-CA)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908898/clinically-useful-screen-for-borderline-personality-disorder-in-psychiatric-out-patients
#3
Mark Zimmerman, Matthew D Multach, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski
A total of 3674 psychiatric out-patients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV borderline personality disorder (BPD). The affective instability criterion had a sensitivity of 92.8%, higher than the sensitivities of the other eight BPD criteria. The negative predictive value of the affective instability criterion was 99%. We recommend that clinicians screen for BPD in the same way that they screen for other psychiatric disorders: by enquiring about a single feature of the disorder (i...
December 1, 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907082/gender-differences-in-compulsive-buying-disorder-assessment-of-demographic-and-psychiatric-co-morbidities
#4
Cristiana Nicoli de Mattos, Hyoun S Kim, Marinalva G Requião, Renata F Marasaldi, Tatiana Z Filomensky, David C Hodgins, Hermano Tavares
Compulsive buying is a common disorder found worldwide. Although recent research has shed light into the prevalence, etiology and clinical correlates of compulsive buying disorder, less is known about gender differences. To address this empirical gap, we assessed potential gender differences in demographic and psychiatric co-morbidities in a sample of 171 compulsive buyers (20 men and 151 women) voluntarily seeking treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. A structured clinical interview confirmed the diagnosis of compulsive buying...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903282/start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
BACKGROUND: In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands...
December 1, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896573/greater-decline-in-memory-and-global-neurocognitive-function-in-hiv-hepatitis-c-co-infected-than-in-hepatitis-c-mono-infected-patients-treated-with-pegylated-interferon-and-ribavirin
#6
Theodore R Miller, Jeffrey J Weiss, Norbert Bräu, Douglas T Dieterich, Alicia Stivala, Monica Rivera-Mindt
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and the treatment of HCV with pegylated interferon and ribavirin (IFN/RBV) have been associated with neurocognitive and psychiatric abnormalities. The goal of this research was to prospectively evaluate neurocognitive functioning among a group of HCV mono-infected and HIV/HCV co-infected patients during the first 24 weeks of IFN/RBV treatment while accounting for practice effects, normal variations in change over time, and variations in IFN/RBV treatment exposure...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888379/medical-co-morbidities-among-patients-with-severe-mental-illnesses-in-a-community-health-facility-in-nigeria
#7
Victor Olufolahan Lasebikan, Joachim Azegbeobor
To examine prevalence of medical comorbidity (MCM) in schizophrenia (n = 1310) and in bipolar disorder (n = 1307) and the association of high burden of MCM (≥3 MCM) with duration of untreated illness, number of episodes, functioning, poly-medication and lifetime hospitalization for the mental disorder. Participants were recruited from a private psychiatric facility in Ibadan, Nigeria between 2004 and 2013 and enquiry made about the lifetime occurrence of 20 common chronic diseases including common tropical diseases...
November 25, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886578/kynurenic-acid-and-psychotic-symptoms-and-personality-traits-in-twins-with-psychiatric-morbidity
#8
Magdalena E Kegel, Viktoria Johansson, Lennart Wetterberg, Maria Bhat, Lilly Schwieler, Tyrone D Cannon, Ina Schuppe-Koistinen, Göran Engberg, Mikael Landén, Christina M Hultman, Sophie Erhardt
Increased cytokines and kynurenic acid (KYNA) levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) have been reported in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. The aim of the present study was to investigate cytokines and kynurenines in the CSF of twin pairs discordant for schizophrenia or bipolar disorder and to study these CSF markers in relation to psychotic symptoms and personality traits. CSF levels of tryptophan (TRP), KYNA, quinolinic acid (QUIN), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were analyzed in 23 twins with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and in their not affected co-twins...
November 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880812/quantifying-risk-for-anxiety-disorders-in-preschool-children-a-machine-learning-approach
#9
Kimberly L H Carpenter, Pablo Sprechmann, Robert Calderbank, Guillermo Sapiro, Helen L Egger
Early childhood anxiety disorders are common, impairing, and predictive of anxiety and mood disorders later in childhood. Epidemiological studies over the last decade find that the prevalence of impairing anxiety disorders in preschool children ranges from 0.3% to 6.5%. Yet, less than 15% of young children with an impairing anxiety disorder receive a mental health evaluation or treatment. One possible reason for the low rate of care for anxious preschoolers is the lack of affordable, timely, reliable and valid tools for identifying young children with clinically significant anxiety...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878322/assessing-needs-for-psychiatric-treatment-in-prisoners-1-prevalence-of-disorder
#10
Paul Bebbington, Sharon Jakobowitz, Nigel McKenzie, Helen Killaspy, Rachel Iveson, Gary Duffield, Mark Kerr
BACKGROUND: High levels of psychiatric morbidity in prisoners have important implications for services. Assessing Needs for Psychiatric Treatment in Prisoners is an evaluation of representative samples of prisoners in a male and a female prison in London. This paper reports on the prevalence of mental disorders. In a companion paper, we describe how this translates into mental health treatment needs and the extent to which they have been met. METHODS: Prisoners were randomly sampled in a sequential procedure based on the Local Inmate Data System...
November 22, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877142/the-proximity-between-hallucination-and-delusion-dimensions-an-observational-analytic-cross-sectional-multicentre-study
#11
Diogo Telles-Correia, Ana L Moreira, João Gama Marques, Sérgio Saraiva, Cátia A Moreira, Filipa Antunes, Carolina Almeida, Nuno B Rocha
In psychiatric classifications, hallucinations (mainly auditory hallucinations) are one of the fundamental criteria for establishing a schizophrenia diagnosis or any of the related psychotic disorder's diagnoses. The conceptual proximity between delusions and hallucinations was maintained until the end of the XIX century, with several supporters during the XX century. Their limits were not yet definitely defined in terms of Descriptive Psychopathology, and much less so in terms of biochemical and anatomical models...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865125/preceptors-conceptions-of-a-peer-learning-model-a-phenomenographic-study
#13
Frida Nygren, Elisabeth Carlson
BACKGROUND: During the past few years nurses precepting undergraduate nursing students have been put under greater pressure because of increased number of students admitted to the universities combined with a shortage of clinical placements. One solution is the preceptor model peer learning where two students are tutored by the same preceptor simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the variation of registered nurses' conceptions of preceptorship in a peer learning model for undergraduate nursing students...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864428/adults-with-persistent-adhd-gender-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#14
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate associations between ADHD and comorbid psychiatric disorders among adults from a population-based birth cohort. METHOD: Participants were recruited from all children born between 1976 and 1982 remaining in Rochester, Minnesota, after age 5. Participants with childhood ADHD (n = 232; M age = 27.0 years; 72% men) and non-ADHD controls (n = 335; M age = 28.6 years; 63% men) completed a structured interview (M.I.N.I. International Neuropsychiatric Interview) assessing current ADHD status and comorbid psychiatric disorders...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862127/the-impact-of-dsm-5-on-eating-disorder-diagnoses
#15
Megen Vo, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorder diagnostic criteria were revised from the fourth to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV and -5, respectively). This study examines the impact of these revisions on rates of eating disorder diagnoses in treatment-seeking youth. METHOD: Participants were 651 youth, ages 7-18 years, presenting to an outpatient eating disorders program who met criteria for a DSM-IV eating disorder diagnosis on intake...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860436/how-do-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-mentalize-when-interacting-with-their-infants
#16
Andrée-Anne Marcoux, Annie Bernier, Jean R Séguin, Jennifer Boike Armerding, Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Mothers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been theorized to have decreased mentalization ability, which is the capacity to perceive and interpret mental states. This could increase the risk for troubled relationships with their infants and therefore have adverse consequences for child social and emotional development. Mind-mindedness (MM), which codes the mother's references to her infant's mental states during an interaction, is one method of indexing mothers' mentalizing ability. However, research has yet to examine MM in mothers with BPD...
November 16, 2016: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858501/experiences-in-disaster-related-mental-health-relief-work-an-exploratory-model-for-the-interprofessional-training-of-psychological-relief-workers
#17
ZhengJia Ren, HongTao Wang, Wei Zhang
The purpose of this study was to begin to generate an exploratory model of the disaster-related mental health education process associated with the training experiences of psychological relief workers active during the Sichuan earthquake in China. The data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 20 psychological relief workers from four different professions (social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, and counsellors) regarding their experiences in training and ideas for improvement. The model explains the need to use a people-centred community interprofessional education approach, which focuses on role-modelling of the trainer, caring for relief workers, paying attention to the needs of the trainee, and building systematic interprofessional education strategies...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855338/subjective-anger-and-overt-aggression-in-psychiatric-outpatients
#18
Timothy Genovese, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The attention given to anger and aggression in psychiatric patients pales in comparison to the attention given to depression and anxiety. Most studies have focused on a limited number of psychiatric disorders, and results have been inconsistent. The present report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project sought to replicate and extend prior findings examining which psychiatric disorders and demographic characteristics were independently associated with elevated levels of anger and aggression...
October 17, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853032/depression-in-patients-with-epilepsy-in-northwestern-nigeria-prevalence-and-clinical-correlates
#19
Shakirah Desola Owolabi, Lukman Femi Owolabi, Owoidoho Udofia, Shehu Sale
BACKGROUND: The impact of seizure disorder on people living with epilepsy (PWE) is worsened by the occurrence of comorbid psychiatric disorders, such as depression, which have been found commonly in PWE. Despite the dire consequences comorbid depression has on PWE, it still remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of depression and associated clinical factors in PWE in Northwestern Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 255 consecutive patients with epilepsy aged 18 years and above, from two health facilities, were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842945/addiction-severity-pattern-associated-with-adult-and-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-patients-with-addictions
#20
Melina Fatséas, Hortense Hurmic, Fuschia Serre, Romain Debrabant, Jean-Pierre Daulouède, Cécile Denis, Marc Auriacombe
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is highly prevalent among adults with addictive disorders, but little is known about addiction patterns associated with ADHD diagnosis. This study examined addiction severity in patients with co-occurring addictive disorders and ADHD controlling for the potential influence of associated psychiatric comorbidity. Data were collected in French outpatient addiction treatment centers. A total of 217 patients seeking treatment for substance or gambling addiction were included...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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