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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806385/a-naturalistic-comparison-of-methylphenidate-and-risperidone-monotherapy-in-drug-naive-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-aggression
#1
Gabriele Masi, Azzurra Manfredi, Giulia Nieri, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Pfanner, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are frequently co-occurring in youth, but data about the pharmacological management of this comorbidity are scarce, especially when impulsive aggression is prominent. Although stimulants are the first-line medication for ADHD, second-generation antipsychotics, namely, risperidone, are frequently used. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with the stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and risperidone in a consecutive sample of 40 drug-naive male youths diagnosed as having ADHD-combined presentation, comorbid with ODD and aggression, without psychiatric comorbidities, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria and a structured clinical interview (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793817/patient-identified-priorities-leading-to-attempted-suicide
#2
Niklaus Stulz, Urs Hepp, Dominic G Gosoniu, Leticia Grize, Flavio Muheim, Mitchell G Weiss, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Attempted suicide is a major public health problem. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify patient-identified problems and triggers typically leading to attempted suicide. METHOD: A representative sample of 66 adult patients was recruited from all clinical sites and psychiatrists who treat patients after attempted suicide in the Canton of Basel-City (Switzerland). Patients were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and interviewed with a local adaptation of the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue (EMIC) to study underlying problems and triggers of attempted suicide...
August 10, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789790/depression-anxiety-quality-of-life-and-predictors-of-depressive-disorders-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-six-month-follow-up-study
#3
Chun-Yi Lee, Yu Lee, Liang-Jen Wang, Chih-Yen Chien, Fu-Min Fang, Pao-Yen Lin
OBJECTIVE: Caregivers of patients with cancer experience a variety of psychological distress. This study aimed to investigate the mental health status and depressive disorder predictors in caregivers of patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) over a six-month follow-up. METHODS: We recruited the participants for this study from a HNC outpatient clinic in a medical center from February 2012 to January 2013. Caregivers of HNC patients were evaluated with the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV, Clinician Version, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36), and the Family APGAR index...
September 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780279/personality-disorders-and-somatization-in-functional-and-organic-movement-disorders
#4
Giovanni Defazio, Adriana Pastore, Roberta Pellicciari, Grazia Pierri, Angelo F Gigante, Giada Fabio, Maria Superbo, Francesco Margari
Psychiatric disturbances and somatizations are both criteria which support the diagnosis of functional movement disorders. It is unclear, however, whether these factors are helpful in differentiating functional and organic movement disorders. To address this issue, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I and II psychiatric disorders, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory and the "somatization section" of the Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule were administered to 31 functional movement disorder patients diagnosed, according to Fahn and Williams criteria and 31 sex- and age-matched control outpatients, with adult-onset dystonia...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777732/body-image-and-eating-disorders-are-common-among-professional-and-amateur-athletes-using-performance-and-image-enhancing-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daria Piacentino, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Livia Longo, Antonio Pavan, Luciano Stivali, Guido Stivali, Stefano Ferracuti, Roberto Brugnoli, Paola Frati, Vittorio Fineschi, Paolo Girardi, Gabriele Sani
The use of performance and image enhancing drugs (PIEDs) is not uncommon in athletes and appears to be associated with several psychopathological disorders of unclear prevalence. In this multicenter, cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of body image disorders (BIDs) and eating disorders (EDs) in PIED-using athletes vs. PIED nonusers. We enrolled 84 consecutive professional and amateur athletes training in sport centers in Italy, who underwent semi-structured interviews (SCID-I, SCID-II) and completed the Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI) and the Sick, Control, One, Fat, Food Eating Disorder Screening Test (SCOFF)...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776358/comorbidities-and-related-factors-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-of-south-india-karnataka-rheumatoid-arthritis-comorbidity-krac-study
#6
S Chandrashekara, V Shobha, B G Dharmanand, R Jois, S Kumar, K M Mahendranath, V Haridas, S Prasad, Y Singh, M A Daware, A Swamy, R Subramanian, S A Somashekar, A M Shanthappa, K R Anupama
The aim was to study the prevalence of comorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in everyday clinical practice and their association with disease-specific and demographic factors. The multi-center study recruited 3,247 (at 14 centers, and 265) were excluded due to incomplete data. The number of subjects considered for the analysis was 2982. The mean (±standard deviation) age was 48.98±12.64 years and the male-to-female ratio was 1:5. The data was collected based on a pre-structured pro forma by trained clinical research associates through interview and verification of charts and reports available in the patient records...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769826/posttraumatic-reactions-to-psychosis-a-qualitative-analysis
#7
Weili Lu, Kim T Mueser, Stanley D Rosenberg, Philip T Yanos, Neisrein Mahmoud
The current study aimed to evaluate the potentially traumatic aspects of psychotic symptoms and psychiatric treatment of psychosis using qualitative methods. Participants included 63 people with first episode psychosis or multiple psychotic episodes recruited from an inpatient psychiatric unit and an urban state psychiatric hospital in the North East region of the United States. Quasi-structured interviews were used to explore those aspects of symptoms and treatment that were perceived as traumatic Emotional reactions to the most traumatic aspect of symptoms and treatment, during and after the event, were also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767016/personality-disorders-and-psychological-functioning-among-latina-women-with-eating-disorders
#8
Alyssa M Minnick, Fary M Cachelin, Ramani S Durvasula
Little is known about personality disorders (PD) and comorbidities among Latinas with eating disorders (ED). The dysregulation and chronicity of PDs can complicate and augment the symptomatology of EDs. This set of analyses provides a preliminary examination of PD and psychopathology in a sample of Latina women with ED. Participants (N = 34) were administered the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Eating Disorders Examination, and Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III to assess personality pathology, and questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory-II and Brief Symptom Inventory) to assess psychological functioning...
July 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766994/past-pain-experience-and-experimentally-induced-pain-perception
#9
Aude Paquet, Brigitte Plansont, Anaïs Labrunie, Dominique Malauzat, Murielle Girard
Many intercurrent factors may be involved in the modulation of the pain message and its expression, such as the previous experience of pain built along the life. In this study, we aimed to determine whether susceptibility to experimentally induced pain is differentially influenced by the individual previous painful experience in subjects with schizophrenia (SC) major depression (MD), and controls (C). METHODS: The SC (30), MD (32) and C (30) groups participated in experimental pain tests (application of pressure and induction of ischemia) after a semi-structured interview to make an inventory of the previous painful experiences, and the evaluation of anxiety either with autonomic (heart rate, blood pressure) or psychological (Hospital Anxiety Depression scale HAD) measures, and catastrophism...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766974/the-experiences-of-clinicians-caring-for-older-adults-with-dual-diagnosis-an-exploratory-study
#10
Adam Searby, Phillip Maude, Ian McGrath
Dual diagnosis has been identified as a significant challenge to mental health services, resulting in higher rates of psychiatric relapse and greater illness severity. Much research explores dual diagnosis in the adult mental health cohort, however little research attention has been paid to older adults with dual diagnosis. Far from being a trivial issue, preliminary studies have shown that dual diagnosis in older adults is under diagnosed and poorly identified by clinicians with few specific treatment options available...
August 2, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763159/examining-the-diagnostic-utility-of-the-dsm-5-ptsd-symptoms-among-male-and-female-returning-veterans
#11
Jonathan D Green, Anthony Annunziata, Sarah E Kleiman, Michelle J Bovin, Aaron M Harwell, Annie M L Fox, Shimrit K Black, Paula P Schnurr, Darren W Holowka, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria have been criticized for including symptoms that overlap with commonly comorbid disorders, which critics argue undermines the validity of the diagnosis and inflates psychiatric comorbidity rates. In response, the upcoming 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) will offer PTSD diagnostic criteria that are intended to promote diagnostic accuracy. However, diagnostic utility analyses have not yet assessed whether these criteria minimize diagnostic errors...
August 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760573/work-productivity-loss-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Noah D Silverberg, William J Panenka, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the completeness of return to work (RTW) and the degree of productivity loss in individuals who do achieve a complete RTW after mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). DESIGN: Multi-site prospective cohort. SETTING: Outpatient concussion clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-nine patients (M=41.5 years old, 55.7% female) who sustained an MTBI and were employed at the time of the injury. Participants were enrolled at their first clinic visit and assessed by telephone 6-8 months post-injury...
July 28, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738259/reasons-associated-with-treatment-non-adherence-in-schizophrenia-in-a-pakistan-cohort
#13
Irshad Ahmad, Muhammad Tahir Khalily, Brian Hallahan
non-adherence in patients with schizophrenia is the most common reason for a relapse of psychosis. In a cohort of participants in Pakistan who suffered a relapse of psychosis, we aimed to identify the principal factors associated with non-adherence, including any culture specific factors that might not be as significant in other jurisdictions. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken at four psychiatric hospitals in the Peshawar region in Pakistan with 55 participants (44 male and 11 female) diagnosed with schizophrenia, who had suffered a relapse of psychosis subsequent to treatment non-adherence...
July 13, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738098/somatization-disorder-and-somatoform-symptoms-in-systematically-studied-survivors-of-10-disasters
#14
Gus Zhang, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement about the association of somatization with exposure to disaster trauma in the existing literature. METHODS: Pre-disaster and post-disaster psychiatric disorders, somatization disorder, and individual somatoform (medically unexplained) symptoms were assessed with structured diagnostic interviews in 811 directly exposed survivors of 10 disasters. RESULTS: Only 1 individual met criteria for post-disaster somatization disorder; there were no incident cases...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738095/a-clinically-useful-screen-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adult-psychiatric-outpatients
#15
Mark Zimmerman, Eugenia Gorlin, Kristy Dalrymple, Iwona Chelminiski
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a serious illness that is frequently underdiagnosed in adults. The goal of this report from the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project was to determine if it was possible to identify 1 or 2 ADHD criteria that could serve as "gate" criteria to screen for the disorder. METHODS: Psychiatric outpatients (N = 1,134) were evaluated using a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV criteria of ADHD...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736503/-do-you-see-what-i-mean-staff-collaboration-in-eating-disorder-units-during-mealtimes
#16
Trine Wiig Hage, Øyvind Rø, Anne Moen
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders are psychiatric illnesses with potentially life-threatening consequences. Inpatient treatment is typically required for the most severely ill patients, who are often emaciated or significantly malnourished. A core therapeutic objective is to normalize eating patterns and facilitate weight gain. These goals guide the efforts of milieu therapeutic staff working with this patient group, who support renourishment through the positive manipulation of a structured environment, as well via relational aspects...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#17
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#18
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711763/cult-membership-what-factors-contribute-to-joining-or-leaving
#19
M Rousselet, O Duretete, J B Hardouin, M Grall-Bronnec
We assumed that, as in the case of addiction disorders, former cult members exhibit vulnerability and protective factors for cult commitment and membership. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify vulnerability factors that are involved in the commitment and in the retention in the group, as well as protective factors that are involved in the departure. We interviewed 31 former cult members, using semi-structured interviews to evaluate their clinical profile, characteristics of the cultic group and their experience in the group...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710695/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate-an-8-week-observational-pretest-posttest-study
#20
Aynur Pekcanlar Akay, Halil Resmi, Sevay Alsen Güney, Handan Özek Erkuran, Gonca Özyurt, Enis Sargin, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Ali Evren Tufan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin in the brain that modulates dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in serum BDNF levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in response to OROS methylphenidate treatment. We also aimed to determine whether there were any pre-post-differences between ADHD subtypes and comorbid psychiatric disorders in serum BDNF levels. Fifty male children with ADHD and 50 male healthy controls within the age range of 6-12 years were recruited to the study...
July 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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