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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930246/medicinal-plants-used-for-neuropsychiatric-disorders-treatment-in-the-hauts-bassins-region-of-burkina-faso
#1
Prosper T Kinda, Patrice Zerbo, Samson Guenné, Moussa Compaoré, Alin Ciobica, Martin Kiendrebeogo
Background: In Burkina Faso, phytotherapy is the main medical alternative used by populations to manage various diseases that affect the nervous system. The aim of the present study was to report medicinal plants with psychoactive properties used to treat neuropsychiatric disorders in the Hauts Bassins region, in the western zone of Burkina Faso. Methods: Through an ethnobotanical survey using structured questionnaire, 53 traditional healers (TH) were interviewed about neuropsychiatric disorders, medicinal plants and medical practices used to treat them...
May 19, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929992/mood-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-in-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#2
J Glaus, R von Känel, A M Lasserre, M-P F Strippoli, C L Vandeleur, E Castelao, M Gholam-Rezaee, C Marangoni, E-Y N Wagner, P Marques-Vidal, G Waeber, P Vollenweider, M Preisig, K R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing evidence that chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with mood disorders. However, the findings have been inconsistent because of heterogeneity across studies and methodological limitations. Our aim is to prospectively evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with mood disorders. METHODS: The sample consisted of 3118 participants (53...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918859/a-preliminary-study-of-bipolar-disorder-type-i-by-mass-spectrometry-based-serum-lipidomics
#3
Henrique C Ribeiro, Aline Klassen, Mariana Pedrini, Michelle S Carvalho, Lucas B Rizzo, Mariane N Noto, Maiara Zeni-Graiff, Sumit Sethi, Francisco A H Fonseca, Ljubica Tasic, Mirian A F Hayashi, Quirino Cordeiro, Elisa Brietzke, Alessandra Sussulini
The present study aimed at investigating possible alterations in the serum lipid profile of euthymic patients with bipolar disorder type I (BD) compared to healthy controls (HC). Thirty-five individuals from both genders were recruited, with 14 diagnosed and treated as BD patients (BD group) and 21 healthy subjects (HC group). Clinical assessment was based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and 17-items of Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS-17) data, which were used to confirm diagnosis, to verify psychiatric comorbidities, and to estimate the severity of manic and depressive symptoms...
August 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918381/assessing-decisional-capacity-for-research-participation-in-psychiatric-patients-and-their-relatives
#4
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
A cross-sectional study among adult inpatients with non-organic psychiatric disorders, and among their key relatives, assessed their comprehension and recall of key information in consent forms. It also assessed their capacity to consent to participate in two hypothetical randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with different potential risks and burdens, using structured questionnaires and recorded interviews. Of the 24 participants (12 patient-key relative dyads), seven patients (58%) and three key relatives (25%) were clinically judged to lack the capacity to consent...
August 8, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910540/sleep-quality-chronotype-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-bipolar-disorders-during-the-remission-period-results-from-the-face-bd-cohort
#5
Ophélia Godin, Chantal Henry, Marion Leboyer, Jean-Michel Azorin, Valerie Aubin, Frank Bellivier, Mircea Polosan, Philippe Courtet, Sebastien Gard, Jean-Pierre Kahn, Josephine Loftus, Christine Passerieux, Dominique Costagliola, Bruno Etain
Data on sleep or circadian abnormalities and metabolic disturbances in euthymic bipolar disorders are scarce and based on small sample sizes. The aim of this study was to explore the associations between sleep disturbances, chronotype and metabolic components in a large sample of euthymic patients with bipolar disorders (BD). From 2009 to 2015, 752 individuals with bipolar disorders from the FACE-BD cohort were included and assessed for sleep quality, chronotype and metabolic components. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID) was used to confirm the diagnosis of BD...
September 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901206/rural-urban-differences-in-accessing-mental-health-treatment-in-patients-with-psychosis
#6
Jagadisha Thirthalli, K Shanivaram Reddy, Manoranjitha Kare, Soumitra Das, B N Gangadhar
BACKGROUND: Delay in accessing psychiatric treatment has considerable influence on the outcome of psychoses. Systematic studies examining the source of the delay are lacking in India. In this article, we examine rural-urban differences regarding delay in accessing psychiatric care in patients with psychosis, an issue which was hitherto not studied. AIMS: To evaluate the rural-urban differences in treatment seeking among patients with psychosis. METHODS: Patients with psychotic disorders who presented to the outpatient department of an academic psychiatric institute for the first time ( n = 551) were interviewed using a semi-structured interview tool to assess the date of onset of illness...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889088/participation-in-randomised-controlled-trials-perspectives-of-psychiatric-patients-and-key-relatives
#7
Donae Elizabeth George, Saumil Dholakia, Prathap Tharyan
This study assessed the perspectives of adults who had acute nonorganic psychiatric disorders and were admitted in a private, not for- profit medical college hospital, and also of their key relatives, on randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Structured questionnaires and audio-recorded interviews were used for the purpose. We explored their willingness and motivation to participate in two hypothetical RCTs with different risks and burdens. The transcripts of the interviews were analysed using the principles of grounded theory and framework analysis...
August 1, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884439/neurotrophins-and-neuroinflammation-in-fetuses-exposed-to-maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-during-pregnancy-a-comparative-study-on-cord-blood
#8
Nursel Akbaba, Bılge Burçak Annagür, Alı Annagür, Hıkmet Akbulut, Fıkret Akyürek, Çetın Çelık
In recent years, there have been changes in the approach to maternal psychiatric disorders and their effects on the fetus, with the focus redirected to the search for biological markers. Neurotrophic factors and inflammatory processes have received particular attention in the past few years. According to the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), the study sample (n = 136) consisted of three groups: mothers with major depressive disorder (MDD group, n = 25), mothers with anxiety disorder (AD group, n = 18), and mothers without any psychiatric disorders (not diagnosed (ND) group, n = 93)...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883800/childhood-trauma-and-minimization-denial-in-people-with-and-without-a-severe-mental-disorder
#9
Chelsea Church, Ole A Andreassen, Steinar Lorentzen, Ingrid Melle, Monica Aas
Background: Childhood trauma has garnered extensive research concerning its role in the psychopathology of mental disorders, including psychosis. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) utilizes a minimization/denial (MD) scale to denote potential under-reporters of trauma, yet MD scores are infrequently reported and validations of the scale are lacking in the literature. STUDY AIM: Elucidate differences in MD between patients with severe mental disorders to healthy individuals, and secondly, investigate if MD influences reports of childhood trauma between the groups...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881320/frequency-and-predictors-of-psychological-distress-after-a-diagnosis-of-epilepsy-a-community-based-study
#10
Ying Xu, Maree L Hackett, Nick Glozier, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Ernest Somerville, John Lawson, Stephen Jan, Lorne Hyde, Lisa Todd, Alexandra Martiniuk, Carol Ireland, Craig S Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and predictors of psychological distress after a diagnosis of epilepsy. METHODS: The Sydney Epilepsy Incidence Study to Measure Illness Consequences (SEISMIC) was a prospective, multicenter, community-based study of people of all ages with newly diagnosed epilepsy in Sydney, Australia. Analyses involved multivariate logistic regression and multinomial logit regression to identify predictors of psychological distress, assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), as part of structured interviews...
September 4, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866714/significance-of-personality-disorders-in-the-face-of-drop-outs-from-psychiatric-hospitalizations-the-case-of-selected-psychiatric-units
#11
Maja Biała, Andrzej Kiejna
OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization's estimations indicate that about 50% of patients in well-developed countries may not adhere to long-term therapies. In the field of psychiatry, drop-outs from psychiatric treatment are particularly important. Personality disorders are a significant part of this sphere. The aim of this research was to empirically verify the hypothesis regarding the relation between comorbid personality disorders and drop-outs from treatment among patients of psychiatric wards...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860774/bipolar-ii-disorder-as-the-initial-presentation-of-cadasil-an-underdiagnosed-manifestation
#12
Jianjun Wang, Jinfang Li, Fanxin Kong, Hanqing Lv, Zhouke Guo
Mood disturbances have been documented in cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). The highly varied morbidity indicates that the affective symptoms in CADASIL have not been cataloged systematically, leading to ineffective treatment, affecting the patients' quality of life, and possibly resulting in suicide. We present a case of CADASIL with bipolar II disorder as the first manifestation. A middle-aged female reported recurrent depressive episodes and appeared treatment resistant to adequate dosages and durations of antidepressants...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859585/prevalence-of-serious-emotional-disturbance-among-u-s-children-a-meta-analysis
#13
Nathaniel J Williams, Lysandra Scott, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: Prevalence estimates of child psychiatric disorders with severe impairment vary widely, and there is a critical need for precise estimates to inform clinical practice and policy in the United States. This study presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based U.S. studies estimating the prevalence of youths with serious emotional disturbance (SED), as defined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. METHODS: Studies were identified through searches of the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases and nine prior reviews...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857593/-psychiatric-disorders-in-smokers-seeking-treatment-for-tobacco-dependence-relations-with-tobacco-dependence-and-cessation-correction-to-piper-et-al-2010
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Psychiatric disorders in smokers seeking treatment for tobacco dependence: Relations with tobacco dependence and cessation" by Megan E. Piper, Stevens S. Smith, Tanya R. Schlam, Michael F. Fleming, Amy A. Bittrich, Jennifer L. Brown, Cathlyn J. Leitzke, Mark E. Zehner, Michael C. Fiore and Timothy B. Baker (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010[Feb], Vol 78[1], 13-23). There was an error in the Method section in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative version of the CIDI subsection...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852234/relationship-of-anger-with-alcohol-use-treatment-outcome-follow-up-study
#15
Manoj Kumar Sharma, L N Suman, Pratima Murthy, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Anger is seen as comorbid condition in psychiatric conditions. It has an impact on one's quality of life. It leads to variation in the treatment outcome. The present study is going to explore the relationship of anger with treatment outcome among alcohol users after 1 year of treatment. The data for the present study were taken from the project work on correlates of anger among alcohol users, funded by center for addiction medicine, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 males (50 alcohol-dependent and 50 abstainers) in the age range of 20-45 years with a primary diagnosis of alcohol dependence were taken for the study...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851774/does-time-together-increase-quality-of-interaction-and-decrease-stress-a-study-protocol-of-a-multisite-nursing-intervention-in-psychiatric-inpatient-care-using-a-mixed-method-approach
#16
Jenny Molin, Britt-Marie Lindgren, Ulla Hällgren Graneheim, Anders Ringnér
INTRODUCTION: Despite the long-known significance of the nurse-patient relationship, research in psychiatric inpatient care still reports unfulfilled expectations of, and difficulties in, interactions and relationships between patients and staff. Interventions that create structures to allow quality interactions between patients and staff are needed to solve these problems. The aim of this project is to test effects of the nursing intervention Time Together and to evaluate the intervention process...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851339/comorbid-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-alcohol-use-disorder-relationships-to-demography-drinking-and-neuroimmune-profile
#17
Sudan Prasad Neupane, Jørgen G Bramness, Lars Lien
BACKGROUND: This study examined how alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) differed from those without PTSD in terms of demography, drinking patterns and C-reactive protein, inflammatory cytokines, tryptophan metabolism parameters, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). METHODS: A consecutive sample (N = 187) of treatment-receiving AUD individuals were recruited from Nepalese facilities. They underwent fully structured psychiatric interviews...
August 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845167/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-clinical-assessment-interview-for-negative-symptoms
#18
Seon-Kyeong Jang, Seon-Cheol Park, Kee-Hong Choi, Jung-Seo Yi, Joong-Kyu Park, Jung Suk Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee
OBJECTIVE: Clinical Assessment Interview for Negative Symptoms (CAINS) has recently been developed to improve measurement of negative symptoms in schizophrenia. We performed a multi-center study to validate the Korean version of the CAINS (CAINS-K) and explore potential cultural variation. METHODS: One hundred eighty schizophrenia patients diverse in demographic and illness profile were recruited from four centers in Korea. Along with the CAINS-K, the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), a self-report measure of behavioral inhibition and activation (BIS/BAS) and neurocognitive tasks were administered to verify external validities...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843917/subjective-versus-objective-evening-chronotypes-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
Anda Gershon, Christopher N Kaufmann, Colin A Depp, Shefali Miller, Dennis Do, Jamie M Zeitzer, Terence A Ketter
BACKGROUND: Disturbed sleep timing is common in bipolar disorder (BD). However, most research is based upon self-reports. We examined relationships between subjective versus objective assessments of sleep timing in BD patients versus controls. METHODS: We studied 61 individuals with bipolar I or II disorder and 61 healthy controls. Structured clinical interviews assessed psychiatric diagnoses, and clinician-administered scales assessed current mood symptom severity...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836964/evaluation-of-a-peer-delivered-transitional-and-post-discharge-support-program-following-psychiatric-hospitalisation
#20
Justin Newton Scanlan, Nicola Hancock, Anne Honey
BACKGROUND: The time following discharge from psychiatric hospitalisation is a high risk period. Rates of hospital readmission are high and there is increased risk for homelessness and suicide. Transitional and post-discharge support programs have demonstrated positive results in terms of enhanced wellbeing, improved connection with community-based services and, in some cases, reductions in hospital re-admission. This paper reports on the outcomes of a peer-delivered post-discharge support program...
August 24, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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