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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143539/psychiatric-care-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-what-do-their-siblings-think-about-it-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jordan Sibeoni, Louise Chambon, Noel Pommepuy, Clementine Rappaport, Anne Revah-Levy
The expectations and role of families in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder are increasingly important. Nonetheless, no study has thus far explored the perspectives of siblings about the care received by a brother or sister with this disorder. The objective of this study was to fill this gap in the literature. This multicentre qualitative study took place in France, where we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who were older siblings of children receiving care in a day hospital for an autism spectrum disorder...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129122/convergence-and-divergence-an-analysis-of-mechanical-restraints
#2
Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Désiré Rioux, Pascale Corneau, Colleen MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are regularly confronted with the uses and effects of control interventions such as mechanical restraints. Although there are evident tensions in the literature regarding the use of mechanical restraints, very little research has focused on the lived and embodied experience of their use, whether from the patient's perspective or the perspective of nursing staff responsible for their application. Research aims: (1) to gain access to the bodily phenomenon of being placed in mechanical restraints; (2) to give voice to the intimate experiential understanding of this experience; and (3) through phenomenological interpretation, to understand the subjective processes and meaning-making of this experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122493/postepileptic-seizure-ptsd-a-very-rare-psychiatric-condition-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#4
Kirsten Labudda, Dominik Illies, Christian G Bien, Frank Neuner
PURPOSE: It has been shown that relatives of patients with epilepsy could experience a seizure as a traumatic event followed by a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In one questionnaire study, 51% of the patients with epilepsy were reported to have a PTSD caused by a traumatic seizure, termed postepileptic seizure PTSD by the authors. However, it remained unclear whether these patients had further psychiatric comorbidities and if certain seizure features may foster the development of the proposed epilepsy-specific PTSD...
November 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120269/the-association-between-racial-discrimination-and-suicidality-among-african-american-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Suraj Arshanapally, Kimberly B Werner, Carolyn E Sartor, Kathleen K Bucholz
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the association between racial discrimination and suicidality (ideation, plan, or attempt) in African American adolescents and young adults (n = 806, mean age = 17.9 years). METHODS: Structured psychiatric phone interviews were conducted in offspring and their mothers in a high-risk alcoholism family study. RESULTS: Logistic regression analyses using offspring own racial discrimination as a predictor revealed elevated odds of suicidality, even after adjusting for correlated psychiatric conditions (OR = 1...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118293/-structure-and-characteristics-of-technical-support-that-psychiatric-social-workers-of-prefectural-governments-provide-for-municipalities
#6
Takashi Okada
Objectives The support to municipalities by prefectural governments has become necessary in the fields of mental health and welfare. Therefore, psychiatric social workers (PSW) ordered from the prefectural governor has been providing technical support (TS) that promote community activities of the municipality and improve staff support for persons with mental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to identify empirical structure and characteristics of TS that PSW provide for municipality staff.Method Semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven certified PSW randomly selected from the membership list of the National Psychiatric Social Worker Organization...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116905/epistemic-injustice-in-dementia-and-autism-patient-organizations-an-empirical-analysis
#7
Karin Jongsma, Elisabeth Spaeth, Silke Schicktanz
Patient organizations (POs) represent patient collectives in health care policy. The inclusion of people with a 'neuro-psychiatric' condition poses a particular challenge for the organizational processes and political representation of such collectives. In recent years, new POs (POs of) have been established in the field of autism spectrum disorder and dementia that advocate a different agenda and have a different organizational structure than traditional POs (POs for). The divide between these two types of POs indicates a different standpoint with regard to who should be included on an organizational level, which voices are accepted and who should represent these voices on the political level...
November 8, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110243/problematic-alcohol-use-and-associated-characteristics-following-bariatric-surgery
#8
Kathryn E Smith, Scott G Engel, Kristine J Steffen, Luis Garcia, Karen Grothe, Afton Koball, James E Mitchell
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that a significant minority of individuals who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience problematic alcohol and substance use following surgery. However, little research has examined characteristics, drinking patterns, and possible risk factors within this population. To provide descriptive information of a sample of adults with self-identified alcohol use problems following bariatric surgery, this study examined (1) alcohol and substance use symptoms using standardized assessments, (2) current and past psychiatric comorbidity, (3) subjective changes in alcohol sensitivity following surgery, and (4) specific patterns of alcohol use prior to and following bariatric surgery...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106275/the-effect-of-pathological-narcissism-on-interpersonal-and-affective-processes-in-social-interactions
#9
Aidan G C Wright, Stephanie D Stepp, Lori N Scott, Michael N Hallquist, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis
Narcissism has significant interpersonal costs, yet little research has examined behavioral and affective patterns characteristic of narcissism in naturalistic settings. Here we studied the effect of narcissistic features on the dynamic processes of interpersonal behavior and affect in daily life. We used interpersonal theory to generate transactional models of social interaction (i.e., linkages among perceptions of others' behavior, affect, and one's own behavior) predicted to be characteristic of narcissism...
October 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102816/leukocyte-telomere-length-variation-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia
#10
Pawan Kumar Maurya, Lucas Bortolotto Rizzo, Gabriela Xavier, Priscila Farias Tempaku, Vanessa Kiyomi Ota, Marcos L Santoro, Letícia M Spíndola, Patrícia S Moretti, Diego R Mazzotti, Ary Gadelha, Eduardo S Gouvea, Cristiano Noto, Michael Maes, Quirino Cordeiro, Rodrigo A Bressan, Elisa Brietzke, Sintia Iole Belangero
Recent research has demonstrated that telomere maintenance might be a key integrating point for the cumulative effect of genetic and environmental factors in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and schizophrenia (SCZ). Eighty-one participants with antipsychotic-naïve FEP, 173 with SCZ and 438 HC were enrolled in this study. Psychiatric diagnosis was assessed using the Semi-Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis-I (SCID-I). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) were used to measure symptoms severity...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100202/the-support-control-continuum-an-investigation-of-staff-perspectives-on-factors-influencing-the-success-or-failure-of-de-escalation-techniques-for-the-management-of-violence-and-aggression-in-mental-health-settings
#11
Owen Price, John Baker, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell
BACKGROUND: De-escalation techniques are recommended to manage violence and aggression in mental health settings yet restrictive practices continue to be frequently used. Barriers and enablers to the implementation and effectiveness of de-escalation techniques in practice are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To obtain staff descriptions of de-escalation techniques currently used in mental health settings and explore factors perceived to influence their implementation and effectiveness...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096778/adult-associations-of-childhood-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-a-prospective-longitudinal-analysis
#12
William E Copeland, David B Goldston, E Jane Costello
OBJECTIVE: Suicidal thoughts and behavior (STBs) have their peak period of onset in adolescence, but little is known about how such behavior is associated with later functioning. The aim of this study is to test whether childhood STBs are related to adult psychiatric, suicidal, and functional outcomes. METHOD: This is a prospective, population-based community study of 1,420 participants assessed with structured interviews up to 7 times in childhood/adolescence (ages 9-16 years; 6,674 observations) for STBs including passive and active ideation, plans, and attempts...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096528/the-presence-of-co-morbid-mental-health-problems-in-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#13
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Katharine A Rimes, Sheila Ali, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To report on the prevalence of mental health disorders in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to compare the diagnoses identified by a brief clinician-administered psychiatric interview with self-report screening questionnaires. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Consecutive attenders to specialist CFS clinics in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: N = 52 adolescents, age 12-18 years with CFS...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078024/don-t-ask-me-what-s-the-matter-ask-me-what-matters-acute-mental-health-facility-experiences-of-people-living-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#14
Paul Maloret, Tricia Scott
BACKGROUND: This qualitative study explored how mental health inpatients with autistic spectrum conditions experience and cope with anxiety when admitted to an acute mental health inpatient facility in the UK. Anxiety is a common characteristic for people who live with autistic spectrum conditions and whilst a plethora of studies on anxiety in this population are published which correlate anxiety with mental health service experience, little is known about the actual triggers of anxiety and its manifestations...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076611/-i-can-see-it-and-i-can-feel-it-but-i-can-t-put-my-finger-on-it-a-foucauldian-discourse-analysis-of-experiences-of-relating-on-psychiatric-inpatient-units
#15
John Cheetham, Sue Holttum, Neil Springham, Kate Butt
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown interpersonal relationships influence experiences of inpatient psychiatric services. This study explored inpatient staff and service users' talk about relating, and consequences on available/limited social actions. DESIGN: A Foucauldian discourse analysis was used to analyse transcribed semi-structured interviews and focus groups with current inpatient staff members and members of a service-user involvement group. METHOD: Two focus groups (service users n = 10; staff n = 6) and five interviews (service users n = 2; staff n = 3) were held, with participants responding to questions regarding the discursive object of 'experiences of relating on inpatient wards'...
October 27, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073634/demographic-clinical-and-polysomnographic-characteristics-of-childhood-and-adult-onset-sleepwalking-in-adults
#16
Panagiotis Bargiotas, Iris Arnet, Michael Frei, Christian R Baumann, Kaspar Schindler, Claudio L Bassetti
BACKGROUND: Sleepwalking (SW) is found to affect children predominantly, but it can persist or appear de novo even among adults. In this study, we assessed the demographic, clinical and polysomnographic profile, trigger factors and associated comorbidities of adult-onset (AO-SW) and childhood-onset (CO-SW) adult sleepwalkers. METHODS: In adult sleepwalkers, a structured clinical interview, a battery of questionnaires, video-polysomnography (v-PSG) and standard electroencephalography (EEG) were performed...
October 26, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071764/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial-of-vilazodone-for-adult-separation-anxiety-disorder
#17
Franklin R Schneier, Danielle M Moskow, Tse-Hwei Choo, Hanga Galfalvy, Raphael Campeas, Arturo Sanchez-Lacay
BACKGROUND: Separation anxiety disorder was recently recognized by fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as a diagnosis in adults, but no publications to date have characterized a sample of patients seeking treatment for adult separation anxiety disorder (ASAD) or assessed treatment efficacy. We hypothesized that vilazodone, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and serotonin 1a (5HT1a ) receptor partial agonist, would have efficacy in ASAD, because SSRIs have appeared efficacious in children with mixed diagnoses including separation anxiety disorder and in animal models of separation anxiety...
October 25, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069108/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-correlates-of-anger-among-survivors-of-the-9-11-world-trade-center-attacks
#18
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
BACKGROUND: Anger is a prominent and common emotion in postdisaster settings. However, there has been little systematic investigation of the association of anger with psychopathology or other individual characteristics in disaster survivors. This study examined anger responses reported by disaster survivors and correlates of that anger. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with a volunteer sample of 379 employees of 7 agencies that were highly affected by the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City...
November 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064747/challenges-encountered-by-nurses-working-in-acute-psychiatric-wards-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#19
Koroush Zarea, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Shahram Baraz, Noorollah Tahery
BACKGROUND: The provision of care to patients with psychiatric disorders and working in a challenging environment lead to many problems among psychiatric nurses. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges nurses faced while working in acute psychiatric wards. DESIGN: A qualitative design using content analysis was used. Fifteen nurses working in psychiatric wards in hospitals affiliated to a university hospital in an urban area of Iran were chosen using a purposive sampling approach...
October 24, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064288/traumatic-brain-injury-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-suicide-risk-among-veterans-seeking-services-related-to-homelessness
#20
Lisa A Brenner, Trisha A Hostetter, Sean M Barnes, Kelly A Stearns-Yoder, Kelly A Soberay, Jeri E Forster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the differences in negative psychiatric outcomes (i.e. type and number of psychiatric diagnoses, suicide risk) among Veterans with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) seeking homeless services. METHODS: Observational design with data collected at one time-point. Veterans seeking homeless services from two Veteran Affairs (VA) Medical Centres completed study measures (n = 309; 282 with a history of TBI and 27 without a history of TBI)...
October 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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