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Structured psychiatric interview

Aleksandra Klobučar, Vera Folnegović-Šmalc, Dubravka Kocijan-Hercigonja, Slavica Sović, Ljiljana Gulić
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study was to analyse and show clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in 38 participants aged between 10 and 17 with DSM-IV diagnoses of Trichotillomania (TTM) that we were treating at Children's Hospital Zagreb from 2008 to 2017. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data obtained from semi-structured interviews by the criteria of DSM-IV, Youth Self Report (YSR) (Achenbach & Rescorla 2001) and survey that we created...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Giovanni Castellini, Lorenzo Lelli, Emanuele Cassioli, Eleonora Ciampi, Francesco Zamponi, Beatrice Campone, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Valdo Ricca
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of childhood adversities in long-term outcomes in eating disorders (EDs). One hundred thirty-three eating disorder patients were studied by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and psychometric tests, at baseline, at the end of individual cognitive behavioural therapy, and at 3-year follow-up. As compared with the other patients, those reporting childhood abuse (overall: 24.8%; physical abuse: 20.3%; sexual abuse: 13.6%) showed higher impulsivity, psychiatric comorbidity, lower full recovery at follow-up (12...
March 15, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
F Sancassiani, Mauro G Carta, Roberta Montisci, Antonio Preti, Sergio Machado, Maria F Moro, Maria F Marchetti, Luigi Meloni
Background: The aim was to study the association between mood and anxiety disorders and the Tako-Tsubo Syndrome (TTS) and to determine the role of antidepressants and the impairment of quality of life due the comorbid psychiatric disorder. Methods: Case-control study: 19 consecutive patients (17 female) with TTS compared to 76 controls without TTS, were randomly selected from the database of a nationwide epidemiological study after matching (gender, age and residence) by controls...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Duy Vu Tran, Carol S North
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate potential association between psychopathology and subjective evaluation of the experience of debriefing in disaster-exposed rescue and recovery workers. METHODS: Structured diagnostic interviews for DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders were conducted with 166 firefighters who served as rescue and recovery workers for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, who categorized their satisfaction with the debriefing on 4 levels...
March 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Nisha Kini, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
To elucidate (1) the challenges associated with under-recognition of bipolar disorder in obstetric settings, (2) barriers pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder face when trying to access psychiatric care, and (3) how obstetric settings can identify such women and connect them with mental health services. Structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 pregnant and postpartum women recruited from obstetric practices who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II, or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
March 13, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Rebecca M Saracino, Devika R Jutagir, Amy Cunningham, Kelly A Foran-Tuller, Mary A Driscoll, William H Sledge, Sukru H Emre, Dwain C Fehon
CONTEXT: The prevalence of psychiatric disorders and mental health service utilization among patients with End Stage Liver Disease (ESLD) awaiting transplant remains understudied. OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the prevalence of psychological disorders and symptoms with the use of a structured diagnostic interview and self-report measures, and examined patient-reported mental health service utilization and barriers to care. METHOD: Waitlisted liver transplant candidates (N = 120) completed assessments during routine clinic appointments at a single time point...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Anne M A van den Brink, Debby L Gerritsen, Miranda M H de Valk, Astrid T Mulder, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: Aging societies will bring an increase in the number of long-term care residents with mental-physical multimorbidity. To optimize care for these residents, it is important to study their care needs, since unmet needs lower quality of life. To date, knowledge about care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity is limited. The aim of this study was to explore (un)met care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity and determinants of unmet needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort study among 141 residents with mental-physical multimorbidity without dementia living in 17 geronto-psychiatric nursing home units across the Netherlands...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Wei Liu, Yin Ting Cheung, Tara M Brinkman, Pia Banerjee, Deokumar Srivastava, Vikki G Nolan, Hongmei Zhang, James G Gurney, Ching-Hon Pui, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of emotional, behavioral and psychiatric outcomes in child and adolescent survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated on a chemotherapy-only protocol were not well defined. METHODS: Self- and parent-reported emotional and behavioral symptoms were assessed for 161 survivors of childhood ALL (51.0% female; mean [SD] age 12.1[2.6] years; 7.5[1.6] years post-diagnosis). Age- and sex-adjusted scores were calculated for standardized measures, and compared to 90th percentile of norms...
March 9, 2018: Psycho-oncology
N Schnyder, C Michel, R Panczak, S Ochsenbein, B G Schimmelmann, F Schultze-Lutter
BACKGROUND: The stigma of mental illness, especially personal attitudes towards psychiatric patients and mental health help-seeking, is an important barrier in healthcare utilisation. These attitudes are not independent of each other and are also influenced by other factors, such as mental health literacy, especially the public's causal explanations for mental problems. We aimed to disentangle the interrelations between the different aspects of stigma and causal explanations with respect to their association with healthcare utilisation...
March 6, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
Jack Cotter, Sandra Bucci, Richard J Drake, Alison R Yung, Rebekah Carney, Dawn Edge
AIM: Many young people at ultra-high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis exhibit marked and persistent impairments in social and occupational functioning. We aimed to explore UHR patients' subjective experiences of these difficulties and their causes. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 UHR individuals recruited from Early Detection and Intervention Teams in Northwest England. Topics covered included how participants spent their time, their interpersonal relationships, academic and occupational performance, premorbid functioning and clinical treatment...
March 7, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Cristiane S Paula, Jair J Mari, Isabel Altenfelder Santos Bordin, Euripedes C Miguel, Isabela Fortes, Natalia Barroso, Luis Augusto Rohde, Evandro Silva Freire Coutinho
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to identify early vulnerabilities for psychiatric disorders among Brazilian elementary school children, controlling for familial and community adversities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study examining the association between child psychiatric disorders and potential early vulnerabilities (disability, low intellectual quotient, and negative dimensions of the temperament trait self-directedness (low resourcefulness, low purposefulness, low enlightened second nature), controlling for the potential confounders: familial and community adversities...
March 6, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Ashley E Nordsletten, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Elena Aluco, Pino Alonso, Clara López-Solà, José M Menchón, Tomohiro Nakao, Masumi Kuwano, Satoshi Yamada, Leonardo F Fontenelle, André Luís Campos-Lima, David Mataix-Cols
Though problematic hoarding is believed to be a universal human behavior, investigations of clinically-defined hoarding disorder (HD) have been confined almost exclusively to Western countries. The current investigation sought to describe and directly compare the features of individuals meeting diagnostic criteria for HD across four distinct cultural settings. Participants were 82 individuals meeting DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for HD, recruited and assessed by trained clinicians at one of four project sites: London, Barcelona, Fukuoka, and Rio de Janeiro...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Seth Donal Hannah
Drawing on participant-observation and semi-structured interviews, this paper examines the local forms of clinical practice in a 26-bed acute psychiatric inpatient unit located within a private psychiatric hospital in the Northeastern United States. It focuses on how clinicians, staff, and management understand and utilize the concepts of culture, race, and ethnicity in their daily work, finding that a humanistic approach to care that that treats patients as "individuals" was dominant. Clinicians and staff categorized patients using descriptive, behavior based categories including language, propensity for violence, and whether patients are "from the streets...
March 5, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Tom Vermeulen, Lieve Lemey, Linda Van Diermen, Didier Schrijvers, Yamina Madani, Bernard Sabbe, Maarten J A Van Den Bossche, Roos C van der Mast, Søren D Østergaard
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent study, ratings on the Psychotic Depression Assessment Scale (PDAS) obtained via a dedicated semi-structured interview are valid measures of the severity of psychotic depression. This study aimed to further test the validity, scalability and responsiveness of the PDAS in older adults using independent ratings on the Clinical Global Impression Scale - Severity (CGI-S) and the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as references. METHODS: Ratings were performed at admission and discharge at two old age psychiatric wards in Flanders, Belgium...
March 4, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Lauren Harris, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Theresa Morgan, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behavior has been associated with maladaptive strategies for emotion regulation; however, limited research has explored this association after controlling for diagnosis. This study aims to explore this connection across diagnoses. We hypothesized that patients who reported greater difficulty with emotion regulation would be more likely to have made suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 1046 psychiatric outpatients. Diagnoses and information about suicide history were determined using semi-structured interviews...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Elizabeth Goetter, Eric Bui, Arielle Horenstein, Amanda W Baker, Susanne Hoeppner, Meredith Charney, Naomi M Simon
Knowledge about what psychological characteristics underlie complicated grief (CG) is limited. The current study examined the five factor personality traits in 81 bereaved adults with (n = 51) and without (n = 30) CG. A trained doctoral-level clinician evaluated these people using a structured, diagnostic psychiatric interview, and they completed self-report measures of grief and personality. A multiple regression model indicated that higher levels of neuroticism were associated with greater CG symptom severity, implicating neuroticism in the development of CG...
March 2, 2018: Death Studies
Faruk Uguz, Elif Subasi, Fadime Dalboy, Mehmet Ak
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of prophylactic treatment with antidepressants for the prevention of postpartum exacerbation in depressive or anxiety symptoms. The study included data on 33 patients who were followed from pregnancy to the postpartum period at the Department of Psychiatry of a university Hospital. Psychiatric diagnoses were determined by means of a structured clinical interview. The severity of depressive and anxiety symptoms were assessed by means of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HAM-A), respectively...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Sharon C Sung, Jackie Ma, Arul Earnest, A John Rush, Leslie E C Lim, Marcus E H Ong
The present study examined 1) the accuracy of two self-report measures for detecting panic-related anxiety in emergency department (ED) patients with cardiopulmonary complaints; and 2) whether modified scoring resulted in improved performance. English-speaking adults presenting to the ED of a large public hospital with palpitations, chest pain, dizziness, or difficulty breathing were evaluated for the presence of panic-related anxiety with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) over a one-year period...
February 16, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Dóra Antal-Uram, László Harsányi, Dóra Perczel-Forintos
Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and colitis ulcerosa) is a chronic, long-term condition that causes chronic inflammation in the digestive tract, and shows an increasing incidence and prevalence worldwide. Changes in disease activity over time affect psychological distress which increases the risk of exacerbations. Beside somatic symptoms (such as abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss), psychiatric comorbidity (in particular major depression, anxiety, social phobia) is common in patients with Crohn's disease...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete, Aldebarán Toledo-Fernández, Luis Villalobos-Gallegos, Carlos Roncero, Nestor Szerman, María Elena Medina-Mora
This study explored the clinical importance of latent impulsivity subtypes within a sample of individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) and high rates of co-occurring disorders (CODs) receiving residential treatment, aiming to assess the heterogeneity of the associations between SUDs and CODs across such impulsivity subtypes. The abbreviated Barratt impulsiveness scale was used to assess motor and cognitive (attentional and nonplanning) impulsivity, a structured interview for diagnosis of SUD and CODs, and other clinimetric measures for severity of substance use...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
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