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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225508/suicidal-ideation-vs-suicide-attempts-clinical-and-psychosocial-profile-differences-among-depressed-patients-a-study-on-personality-traits-psychopathological-variables-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-228-patients
#1
Ute Lewitzka, Sina Spirling, Dirk Ritter, Michael Smolka, Sarah Goodday, Michael Bauer, Werner Felber, Tom Bschor
This study investigated whether personality traits, psychopathological characteristics, and sociodemographic factors in depressed patients differentiate patients with only suicidal thoughts from those who have attempted suicide. We investigated two groups of patients with an affective disorder: 198 patients with a suicide attempt within the last 3 months (sex ratio male to female, 1:1.3; mean age male to female, 44.8/44.7 years) and 30 patients without a suicide attempt but with suicidal thoughts (sex ratio male to female, 1:2; mean age male to female, 39...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217272/disability-among-attendees-with-schizophrenia-in-a-nigerian-hospital-further-evidence-for-integrated-rehabilitative-treatment-designs
#2
Andrew Toyin Olagunju, Dapo Adebowale Adegbaju, Richard Uwakwe
Evidence-based rehabilitative treatment is constrained due to limited knowledge about disability and its related factors among individuals with schizophrenia across West Africa. This study aims to investigate the pattern of disability, and the associated factors among individuals with schizophrenia. One hundred consecutively recruited consenting participants were subjected to designed questionnaire to inquire about their demographic and illness-related variables. This was followed by the administration of Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale to confirm the diagnosis of schizophrenia and rate severity of symptoms respectively in them...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212873/temperament-and-character-personality-dimensions-in-nitrate-tilt-induced-vasovagal-syncope-patients
#3
Vincenzo Russo, Ahmed AlTurki, Anna Rago, Riccardo Proietti, Guillaume Chaussé, Alessio Maria Monteleone, Pasquale Scognamiglio, Palmiero Monteleone, Gerardo Nigro
INTRODUCTION: Vasovagal syncope (VVS) is a clinical syndrome characterized by transient loss of consciousness and postural tone that is due to a temporary and spontaneously self-terminating global cerebral hypoperfusion. It is known that personality modulates the individual's sensitivity to stressors, and emotional arousal and psychologic uncertainty are conditions contributing to vasodepressor syncope. Therefore it is postulated that personality characteristics of VVS patients could have a role in the pathophysiology of VVS...
February 14, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210994/factors-related-to-the-quality-of-life-of-older-prisoners
#4
Stefaan De Smet, Liesbeth De Donder, Denis Ryan, Sofie Van Regenmortel, Dorien Brosens, Stijn Vandevelde
PURPOSES: There is evidence of an increasing emphasis on the relevance of the quality of life-paradigm as an outcome measure for clients in geriatric, forensic, as well as correctional care. This paper aims to explore to what extent variables that were categorized according to the main areas of the Good Lives Model ('the self', 'the body' and 'social life') are related to the quality of life domains of older imprisoned offenders. METHODS: Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire administered in individual interviews with 93 older prisoners aged 60 years and over in 16 prisons of the Dutch-speaking region in Belgium...
February 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207916/principal-diagnoses-in-psychiatric-outpatients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-implications-for-screening-recommendations
#5
Mark Zimmerman, Iwona Chelminski, Kristy Dalrymple, Lia Rosenstein
BACKGROUND: In the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services project, we examined how often borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the principal diagnosis in patients presenting for outpatient psychiatric treatment. To inform clinicians when it is most productive to screen for BPD, we examined the prevalence of BPD in psychiatric outpatients with different principal diagnoses. METHODS: In this study, 3,674 psychiatric outpatients were evaluated with a semi-structured diagnostic interview for DSM-IV BPD...
February 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188124/commencing-and-persisting-with-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-insomnia-a-qualitative-study-of-treatment-completers
#6
Charles Chan, Stacey West, Nick Glozier
BACKGROUND: Computerized cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CCBT-I) has a growing evidence base as a stand-alone intervention, but it is less clear what factors may limit its acceptability and feasibility when combined with clinical care. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore barriers and facilitators to use of an adjunctive CCBT-I program among depressed patients in a psychiatric clinic by using both quantitative and qualitative approaches...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186315/sleep-study-in-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-bipolar-children
#7
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, María J Bleda-Hernández, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Elena Pujals-Altes, María T Nascimento-Osorio, Luís M Martín-López, Enric Álvarez-Martínez, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Soledad Romero-Cela
INTRODUCTION: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. METHOD: Polysomnographic cross-sectional study of children with DMDD, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173780/protocol-for-the-encode-trial-evaluating-a-novel-online-depression-intervention-for-persons-with-epilepsy
#8
Björn Meyer, Mario Weiss, Martin Holtkamp, Stephan Arnold, Katja Brückner, Johanna Schröder, Franziska Scheibe, Yvonne Nestoriuc
BACKGROUND: Depression is common among persons with epilepsy (PwE), affecting roughly one in three individuals, and its presence is associated with personal suffering, impaired quality of life, and worse prognosis. Despite the availability of effective treatments, depression is often overlooked and treated inadequately in PwE, in part because of assumed concerns over drug interactions or proconvulsant effects of antidepressants. Internet-administered psychological interventions might complement antidepressant medication or psychotherapy, and preliminary evidence suggests that they can be effective...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168530/influence-of-disruptive-behavior-disorders-on-academic-performance-and-school-functions-of-youths-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Chao-Yu Liu, Wei-Lieh Huang, Wei-Chih Kao, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) are associated with negative school outcomes. The study aimed to examine the impact of ADHD and ODD/CD on various school functions. 395 youths with ADHD (244 with ADHD + ODD/CD and 151 with ADHD only) and 156 controls received semi-structured psychiatric interviews. School functions were assessed and compared between each group with a multiple-level model. The results showed that youths with ADHD had poorer performance across different domains of school functioning...
February 6, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167433/prevalence-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-its-risk-factors-in-female-prison-inmates-in-china
#10
Xiao-Min Zhu, Jian-Song Zhou, Chen Chen, Wang-Lian Peng, Wen Li, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Xiao-Ping Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
High prevalence of borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been found in Western prisons but no such data exists in China. The objective of this study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of BPD in Chinese female prison inmates and its associated risk factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hunan Provincial Female Prison. Data on consenting inmates' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics were collected and the diagnosis of lifetime BPD was established using the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
January 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167395/psychiatric-heterogeneity-of-recent-suicide-attempters-a-latent-class-analysis
#11
Meredith K Ginley, Courtney L Bagge
Presence of, and comorbidity between, psychiatric disorders is a risk factor for suicide attempts. No study to date has used a person-centered approach to determine whether there are subgroups of attempters showing differing patterns of psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to identify psychiatric subgroups amongst recent suicide attempters (i.e., hospitalized within 24h of their attempt) and to determine whether identified classes could be differentiated in terms of important clinical correlates. Participants included 97 adult patients who were hospitalized due to a recent suicide attempt at a large Trauma 1 hospital...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161766/staff-and-patient-experiences-of-decision-making-about-continuous-observation-in-psychiatric-hospitals
#12
Kirsten Barnicot, Bryony Insua-Summerhayes, Emily Plummer, Alice Hart, Chris Barker, Stefan Priebe
PURPOSE: Continuous observation of psychiatric inpatients aims to protect those who pose an acute risk of harm to self or others, but involves intrusive privacy restrictions. Initiating, conducting and ending continuous observation requires complex decision-making about keeping patients safe whilst protecting their privacy. There is little published guidance about how to balance privacy and safety concerns, and how staff and patients negotiate this in practice is unknown. To inform best practice, the present study, therefore, aimed to understand how staff and patients experience negotiating the balance between privacy and safety during decision-making about continuous observation...
February 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161609/patient-characteristics-associated-with-aggression-in-mental-health-units
#13
Tegan Podubinski, Stuart Lee, Yitzchak Hollander, Michael Daffern
Aggression in mental health units is a significant and pervasive problem. However, the characteristics of patients associated with increased aggression propensity remain unclear and there are few attempts to expand understanding of these characteristics by drawing upon contemporary aggression theory. This study assessed the influence of interpersonal (hostile-dominance) and personality (psychopathy), General Aggression Model-specified (aggressive script rehearsal, attitudes towards violence, and trait anger), and clinical (psychiatric symptoms) factors on aggression during psychiatric hospitalization in 200 inpatients (132 men and 68 women; 19-64 years, M=38...
January 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160392/enabling-healthy-living-experiences-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-psychiatric-outpatient-services
#14
Marjut Blomqvist, Anna Sandgren, Ing-Marie Carlsson, Henrika Jormfeldt
It is well known that people with severe mental illness have a reduced life expectancy and a greater risk of being affected by preventable physical illnesses such as metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There are still, however, only a few published studies focusing on what enables healthy living for this group. This study thus aimed to describe what enables healthy living among people with severe mental illness in psychiatric outpatient services. The data were collected in qualitative interviews (n = 16) and content analysis was used to analyze the data...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152450/maternal-attachment-style-and-psychiatric-history-as-independent-predictors-of-mood-symptoms-in-the-immediate-postpartum-period
#15
Roberta Croce Nanni, Alfonso Troisi
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that both a past history of psychiatric illness and insecure attachment put women at risk for mood disturbances in the postpartum period. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether maternal insecure attachment is a risk factor for mood symptoms in the immediate postpartum period independently of the confounding effect of maternal psychiatric history. METHODS: A convenience sample of 120 mothers was assessed prenatally with the Maternal History of Mood Disturbances (MHMD), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ), and in the first week after delivery with the Profile of Mood States (POMS)...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150397/severity-of-alcohol-dependence-is-associated-with-the-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-pro129thr-missense-variant
#16
Matthew E Sloan, Joshua L Gowin, Jia Yan, Melanie L Schwandt, Primavera A Spagnolo, Hui Sun, Colin A Hodgkinson, David Goldman, Vijay A Ramchandani
The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in reward and addiction. One of the two main endocannabinoid neurotransmitters, anandamide, is metabolized by fatty acid amide hydrolase, an enzyme with a functional genetic polymorphism (FAAH Pro129Thr, rs324420). The Thr129 allele has been linked to problem drug and alcohol use, but the association has not been widely replicated and may be stronger for clinical measures of severity rather than categorical diagnosis. In the present study, we sought to determine whether the Thr129 allele was associated with both alcohol dependence (AD) diagnosis and severity in a sample of 1434 European American and African American individuals, 952 of whom were diagnosed with lifetime AD...
February 1, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149089/admission-experiences-of-psychiatric-patients-in-tertiary-care-an-implication-toward-mental-health-care-bill-2013
#17
Ramachandra, Vijayalakshmi Poreddi, Rajalakshmi Ramu, Sugavana Selvi, Sailaxmi Gandhi, Lalitha Krishnasamy, B M Suresh
BACKGROUND: Coercion is not uncommon phenomenon among mental health service users during their admission into psychiatric hospital. Research on perceived coercion of psychiatric patients is limited from India. AIM: To investigate perceived coercion of psychiatric patients during admission into a tertiary care psychiatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive survey carried out among randomly selected psychiatric patients (n = 205) at a tertiary care center...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140731/depressive-spectrum-disorders-in-cancer-prevalence-risk-factors-and-screening-for-depression-a-critical-review
#18
R Caruso, M G Nanni, M Riba, S Sabato, A J Mitchell, E Croce, L Grassi
BACKGROUND: Although depression and mood-related disorders are common in persons with cancer, these conditions remain frequently overlooked in clinical practice. Negative consequences of depressive disorder spectrum have been reported (e.g. suicidal ideation, increase physical complications and somatic symptoms, negative influence on prognosis), indicating the need for routine screening, assessment and management. METHODS: A search of the major databases (Medline, Embase, PsycLIT, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library) was conducted on the reviews and meta-analyses available in order to summarize relevant data concerning depressive disorders spectrum in terms of prevalence, risk factors, and screening and assessment among patients with cancer across the trajectory of the disease...
January 31, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138107/measurement-based-treatment-of-residual-symptoms-using-clinically-useful-depression-outcome-scale-korean-validation-study
#19
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Seo Young Yoon, Chi-Un Pae, Joonho Choi, Yong Chon Park, Jong-Woo Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Seung-Duk Ko, Ashwin A Patkar, Mark Zimmerman
Objective: This study was aimed at evaluating the diagnostic validity of the Korean version of the Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (CUDOS) with varying follow-up in a typical clinical setting in multiple centers. Methods: In total, 891 psychiatric outpatients were enrolled at the time of their intake appointment. Current diagnostic characteristics were examined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (41% major depressive disorder). The CUDOS was measured and compared with three clinician rating scales and four self-report scales...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129498/associations-of-leisure-time-and-occupational-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-with-incident-and-recurrent-major-depressive-disorder-depressive-symptoms-and-incident-anxiety-in-a-general-population
#20
Sebastian E Baumeister, Michael F Leitzmann, Martin Bahls, Marcus Dörr, Daniela Schmid, Georg Schomerus, Katja Appel, Marcello R P Markus, Henry Völzke, Sven Gläser, Hans-Jörgen Grabe
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness may help prevent depression and anxiety. Previous studies have been limited by error-prone measurements. We examined whether self-reported physical activity domains and peak exercise capacity (peakVO₂) are associated with incident and recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD), depressive symptoms, and anxiety disorders. METHODS: This was a prospective population-based study of 1,080 adult men and women (25-83 years) with a median follow-up of 4...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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