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Structured psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#1
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#2
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711763/cult-membership-what-factors-contribute-to-joining-or-leaving
#3
M Rousselet, O Duretete, J B Hardouin, M Grall-Bronnec
We assumed that, as in the case of addiction disorders, former cult members exhibit vulnerability and protective factors for cult commitment and membership. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify vulnerability factors that are involved in the commitment and in the retention in the group, as well as protective factors that are involved in the departure. We interviewed 31 former cult members, using semi-structured interviews to evaluate their clinical profile, characteristics of the cultic group and their experience in the group...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710695/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate-an-8-week-observational-pretest-posttest-study
#4
Aynur Pekcanlar Akay, Halil Resmi, Sevay Alsen Güney, Handan Özek Erkuran, Gonca Özyurt, Enis Sargin, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Ali Evren Tufan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin in the brain that modulates dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in serum BDNF levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in response to OROS methylphenidate treatment. We also aimed to determine whether there were any pre-post-differences between ADHD subtypes and comorbid psychiatric disorders in serum BDNF levels. Fifty male children with ADHD and 50 male healthy controls within the age range of 6-12 years were recruited to the study...
July 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709880/low-intensity-transcranial-electric-stimulation-safety-ethical-legal-regulatory-and-application-guidelines
#5
REVIEW
A Antal, I Alekseichuk, M Bikson, J Brockmöller, A R Brunoni, R Chen, L G Cohen, G Dowthwaite, J Ellrich, A Flöel, F Fregni, M S George, R Hamilton, J Haueisen, C S Herrmann, F C Hummel, J P Lefaucheur, D Liebetanz, C K Loo, C D McCaig, C Miniussi, P C Miranda, V Moliadze, M A Nitsche, R Nowak, F Padberg, A Pascual-Leone, W Poppendieck, A Priori, S Rossi, P M Rossini, J Rothwell, M A Rueger, G Ruffini, K Schellhorn, H R Siebner, Y Ugawa, A Wexler, U Ziemann, M Hallett, W Paulus
Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in humans, encompassing transcranial direct current (tDCS), transcutaneous spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS), transcranial alternating current (tACS), and transcranial random noise (tRNS) stimulation or their combinations, appears to be safe. No serious adverse events (SAEs) have been reported so far in over 18,000 sessions administered to healthy subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients, as summarized here. Moderate adverse events (AEs), as defined by the necessity to intervene, are rare, and include skin burns with tDCS due to suboptimal electrode-skin contact...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709116/morbidity-persistence-and-comorbidity-of-mood-anxiety-and-eating-disorders-among-preoperative-bariatric-patients
#6
Leorides Severo Duarte-Guerra, Bruno Mendonça Coêlho, Marco Aurélio Santo, Francisco Lotufo-Neto, Yuan-Pang Wang
The current study investigates the patterns of disease persistence and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders among patients with class III obesity in pre-operative period. For 393 treatment-seeking patients with severe obesity recruited from a bariatric center, we ascertained their psychiatric diagnosis through Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I). Following, the frequency, persistence and comorbidity pattern of psychiatric disorders in this sample were determined. Current psychiatric disorders were observed in over half of patients during preoperative period, being anxiety disorders the most frequent diagnosis...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705600/poor-medication-adherence-and-risk-of-relapse-associated-with-continued-cannabis-use-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-prospective-analysis
#7
Tabea Schoeler, Natalia Petros, Marta Di Forti, Ewa Klamerus, Enrico Foglia, Robin Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use following the onset of first-episode psychosis has been linked to both increased risk of relapse and non-adherence with antipsychotic medication. Whether poor outcome associated with cannabis use is mediated through an adverse effect of cannabis on medication adherence is unclear. METHODS: In a prospective analysis of data acquired from four different adult inpatient and outpatient units of the South London and Maudsley Mental Health National Health Service Foundation Trust in London, UK, 245 patients were followed up for 2 years from the onset of first-episode psychosis...
July 10, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689473/psychiatric-comorbidities-modify-the-association-between-childhood-adhd-and-risk-for-suicidality-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#8
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of psychiatric comorbidities on the association between childhood ADHD and suicidality among adults. METHOD: Subjects were recruited from a population-based birth cohort. Participating adult subjects with childhood ADHD and non-ADHD controls were administered a structured psychiatric interview to assess suicidality and psychiatric comorbidities. Associations were assessed using logistic regression...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680313/affective-temperaments-in-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Esra Yazici, Esra Yürümez, Ahmet Bülent Yazici, Yusuf Yasin Gümüş, Atila Erol
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate affective temperaments of parents of children with ADHD and the relationship between ADHD and affective temperaments. METHODS: The children diagnosed with ADHD were evaluated with a structured interview and the Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavioral Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S) was filled by parents. Then parents were evaluated by a structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I), and those with no diagnosis of psychiatric disorder (in the past and at the time of the study) were included to the study...
June 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680311/psychiatric-comorbidity-sexual-dysfunction-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-case-control-study
#10
Özlem Devrim Balaban, Erkan Aydin, Ali Keyvan, Menekşe Sıla Yazar, Özgecan Tuna, Halise Devrimci Özgüven
INTRODUCTION: Due to disabilities caused by the disease and the requirement of dialysis, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is frequently comorbid with psychiatric disorders, adversely affects quality of life, and causes significant sexual dysfunction (SD). We aimed to investigate the psychiatric comorbidity, quality of life, depression and anxiety levels, and SD in ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment in a dialysis center and 44 non-ESRD control subjects selected with snowball sampling were enrolled in the study...
June 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680260/perspectives-of-migrant-youth-parents-and-clinicians-on-community-based-mental-health-services-negotiating-safe-pathways
#11
Lucie Nadeau, Annie Jaimes, Janique Johnson-Lafleur, Cécile Rousseau
Youth mental health (YMH) services are greatly underutilized, particularly for migrant youth. Collaborative models of care offer promising avenues, but research on these treatment modalities is still scarce, particularly for migrants. The goal of this exploratory study is to better understand quality of care including factors improving access to care and collaborative YMH services use, efficacy and satisfaction, for this vulnerable population. This qualitative study relies on a multi-informants (youth, parents, clinicians) and multiple case study design to explore YMH collaborative services for migrant youth living in an urban setting (Montreal, Canada)...
2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679411/child-and-parent-predictors-of-picky-eating-from-preschool-to-school-age
#12
Silje Steinsbekk, Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Alison Fildes, Clare H Llewellyn, Lars Wichstrøm
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is prevalent in childhood. Because pickiness concerns parents and is associated with nutrient deficiency and psychological problems, the antecedents of pickiness need to be identified. We propose an etiological model of picky eating involving child temperament, sensory sensitivity and parent-child interaction. METHODS: Two cohorts of 4-year olds (born 2003 or 2004) in Trondheim, Norway were invited to participate (97.2% attendance; 82.0% consent rate, n = 2475) and a screen-stratified subsample of 1250 children was recruited...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676940/prior-experiences-of-behavioral-health-treatment-among-uninsured-young-adults-served-in-a-psychiatric-crisis-setting
#13
Sarah Carter Narendorf, Richard Wagner, Nicole Fedoravicius, Micki Washburn
This study qualitatively explored the past treatment experiences of uninsured young adults who sought public emergency psychiatric care. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a racially diverse sample of 55 young adults (ages 18-25) using a semi-structured interview guide, and analyzed using a team-based open coding approach. Findings emerged in three broad areas-provider-related factors, treatment-related factors, and environmental factors. Young adults talked about the importance of providers respecting and listening to them, the perceived advantages and disadvantages of therapy and medication treatment, and aspects of the environment that resulted in positive and negative experiences, particularly in inpatient settings...
July 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675054/psychiatric-disorders-and-suicide-attempts-among-adolescents-victimized-by-school-bullying
#14
Young Rong Bang, Jae Hong Park
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a cross-sectional school-based study to investigate psychiatric disorders and suicide risk among adolescents victimized by bullying. METHOD: The study was designed in two stages. In the screening stage, 33,038 middle school students were screened for psychopathology. Next, in the face-to-face interview stage, 1196 participants were assessed for psychiatric disorders using a structured diagnostic instrument. We also collected information about the participants' experiences of bullying and history of suicidal ideation/attempts...
June 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670953/the-probable-role-of-adrenomedullin-and-nitric-oxide-in-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Börte Gürbüz Özgür, Hatice Aksu, Mustafa Yılmaz, Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya
BACKGROUND: The role of adrenomedullin hormone, which has been shown to be associated with many psychiatric disorders, in the etiology of ADHD and its relation to disease is not yet known. AIM: In this study, it was aimed to compare plasma adrenomedullin and nitric oxide (NO) levels of newly diagnosed, treatment-naive patients with ADHD with healthy children. METHODS: A total of 45 children with ADHD and 45 healthy children were included. The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS), a semi-structured interview, was applied to all cases by child and adolescent psychiatrist...
July 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666200/polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-composition-and-childhood-adversity-independent-correlates-of-depressive-symptom-persistence
#16
William H Coryell, Douglas R Langbehn, Andrew W Norris, Jian-Rong Yao, Lilian N Dindo, Chadi A Calarge
Childhood experiences, personality, and polyunsaturated essential fatty acid (PUFA) composition have all been shown to affect the likelihood of depressive symptoms. Few studies have addressed relationships between these factors in their influence on the occurrence or course of depressive symptoms. The following analysis was designed to do so. Subjects, 15-20 years old, had either begun antidepressant treatment within the preceding month (n = 88), or had never taken psychiatric medications (n = 92). Baseline assessments included a structured diagnostic interview, the self-completed Multiphasic Personality Questionnaire, and a determination of plasma PUFA phospholipid composition...
June 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665044/mood-symptoms-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-naturalistic-study
#17
Kara E Driscoll, Dorothy K Y Sit, Eydie L Moses-Kolko, Emily Pinheiro, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Heather F Eng, James F Luther, Crystal T Clark, Stephen R Wisniewski, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a prospective naturalistic study of pregnant women with bipolar disorder (BD) to evaluate symptoms of BD across childbearing and assess whether pharmacotherapy reduced their severity. METHODS: Assessments were scheduled at 20, 30, and 36 weeks' gestation and 2, 12, 26, and 52 weeks postpartum. Symptoms were assessed using the Structured Interview Guide for the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-Atypical Depression Supplement (SIGH-ADS) and Mania Rating Scale (MRS)...
June 30, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661934/associations-among-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-substance-use-and-affective-attentional-processing-in-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#18
Gabrielle I Liverant, Melissa M Amick, Shimrit K Black, Michael Esterman, Blair E Wisco, Molly C Gibian, Brian P Marx, Regina E McGlinchey
The majority of research examining affective attentional bias in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not examined the influence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders. This study examined the individual and interactive effects of PTSD symptoms and substance use disorders (SUDs) on affective attentional processing among 323 veterans deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Participants were divided into those with SUD (SUD+, n = 46) and those without (SUD-, n = 277). Substance use disorder was determined using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659196/-medical-psychiatric-units-in-the-netherlands-an-investigation-into-distribution-and-quality
#19
M A van Schijndel, L A W Jansen, P J Caarls, F van 't Veer, A I Wierdsma, J D H van Wijngaarden, J A van Waarde, J J van Busschbach
OBJECTIVE: One of the spearheads of psychiatric healthcare in the Netherlands is hospital care for patients with a psychiatric comorbidity. In 2014, the Netherlands Psychiatric Association published ten field standards for Medical Psychiatric Units (MPUs). We catalogued healthcare in the Netherlands on the basis of these field standards. DESIGN: Telephone screening, followed by a questionnaire investigation. METHOD: In the period May-August 2015, psychiatrists in 90 hospitals in the Netherlands were approached by telephone with 4 screening questions...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658442/mood-disorder-anxiety-and-suicide-risk-among-subjects-with-alcohol-abuse-and-or-dependence-a-population-based-study
#20
Carolina D Wiener, Fernanda P Moreira, Alethea Zago, Luciano M Souza, Jeronimo C Branco, Jacqueline F de Oliveira, Ricardo A da Silva, Luis V Portela, Diogo R Lara, Karen Jansen, Jean P Oses
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and/or dependence in a population-based sample of young adults and assess the prevalence of comorbid mood disorders, anxiety, and suicide risk in this population. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study enrolled 1,953 young adults aged 18-35 years. The CAGE questionnaire was used to screen for alcohol abuse and/or dependence, with CAGE scores ≥ 2 considered positive. Psychiatric disorders were investigated through the structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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