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anemia in the elderly 2016

S H Shin, Y W Jeon, J H Yoon, S A Yahng, S E Lee, B S Cho, K S Eom, Y J Kim, S Lee, C K Min, H J Kim, S G Cho, D W Kim, W S Min, J W Lee
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched siblings (MSD-SCT) for elderly patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is not a widely accepted first-line treatment. Recently, fludarabine, lower-dose cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin conditioning (Flu/lower-dose Cy/ATG) with lower toxicities has been investigated. To determine whether this regimen can overcome the negative effects of age, we analyzed 117 adult patients with SAA who received MSD-SCT using Flu/lower-dose Cy/ATG, and compared outcomes between 63 younger age group (YAG; ⩽40 years) and 54 older age group (OAG; >40 years) patients...
June 27, 2016: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Jeffrey L Carson, Frederick Sieber, Donald Richard Cook, Donald R Hoover, Helaine Noveck, Bernard R Chaitman, Lee Fleisher, Lauren Beaupre, William Macaulay, George G Rhoads, Barbara Paris, Aleksandra Zagorin, David W Sanders, Khwaja J Zakriya, Jay Magaziner
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion might affect long-term mortality by changing immune function and thus potentially increasing the risk of subsequent infections and cancer recurrence. Compared with a restrictive transfusion strategy, a more liberal strategy could reduce cardiac complications by lowering myocardial damage, thereby reducing future deaths from cardiovascular disease. We aimed to establish the effect of a liberal transfusion strategy on long-term survival compared with a restrictive transfusion strategy...
March 28, 2015: Lancet
Jeffrey L Carson, Michael L Terrin, Helaine Noveck, David W Sanders, Bernard R Chaitman, George G Rhoads, George Nemo, Karen Dragert, Lauren Beaupre, Kevin Hildebrand, William Macaulay, Courtland Lewis, Donald Richard Cook, Gwendolyn Dobbin, Khwaja J Zakriya, Fred S Apple, Rebecca A Horney, Jay Magaziner
BACKGROUND: The hemoglobin threshold at which postoperative red-cell transfusion is warranted is controversial. We conducted a randomized trial to determine whether a higher threshold for blood transfusion would improve recovery in patients who had undergone surgery for hip fracture. METHODS: We enrolled 2016 patients who were 50 years of age or older, who had either a history of or risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and whose hemoglobin level was below 10 g per deciliter after hip-fracture surgery...
December 29, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
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