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diagnosis hepatic steatosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991837/serum-osteocalcin-levels-in-children-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#1
Saleh Amin, Doaa El Amrousy, Shaymaa Elrifaey, Rasha Gamal, Hossam Hodeib
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the relationship between osteocalcin and non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese children. METHOD: 60 obese children with NAFLD were taken as patient group and 60 non - NAFLD children with matches age, sex and BMI were taken as control group. Anthropometric measurements, abdominal ultrasonography for diagnosis and grading of NAFLD, and laboratory investigations in the form of liver function tests, lipid profile, fasting serum glucose and insulin, and serum osteocalcin levels were done for all children...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984055/daily-cannabis-and-reduced-risk-of-steatosis-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-co-infected-patients-anrs-co13-hepavih
#2
Sandra Nordmann, Antoine Vilotitch, Perrine Roux, Laure Esterle, Bruno Spire, Fabienne Marcellin, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, François Dabis, Julie Chas, David Rey, Linda Wittkop, Philippe Sogni, Patrizia Carrieri
Liver steatosis is common in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) - Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) co-infected patients. Some recent studies have found that cannabis use is negatively associated with insulin resistance in the general population and in HIV-HCV co-infected patients. Given the causal link between insulin resistance and steatosis, we hypothesized that cannabis use has a positive impact on steatosis. Therefore, we aimed to study whether cannabis use in this population was associated with a reduced risk of steatosis, measured by ultrasound examination...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957871/comparison-of-correlations-between-lipid-profile-and-different-computed-tomography-fatty-liver-criteria-in-the-setting-of-incidentally-noted-fatty-liver-on-computed-tomography-examinations
#3
Anugayathri Jawahar, Beverly Gonzalez, Neelam Balasubramanian, William Adams, Ari Goldberg
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the correlations between computed tomography (CT) criteria for hepatic steatosis and lipid profile values when hepatic steatosis is incidentally detected. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This is an institutional Review Board-approved, HIPPA-compliant, retrospective study of abdominal CT scans in 200 randomly selected patients who had either nonenhanced CT (NECT) or contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) studies with reported fatty liver...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935200/benefit-risk-of-intraoperative-liver-biopsy-during-bariatric-surgery-review-and-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Sandrine Barbois, Catherine Arvieux, Vincent Leroy, Fabian Reche, Nathalie Stürm, Anne-Laure Borel
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a metabolic complication of obesity that encompasses a spectrum of conditions, including hepatic steatosis, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis, and end-stage liver disease. Screening for NAFLD is important to limit progression, allow early detection of carcinoma, and follow the need for liver transplantation. Although noninvasive markers exist, hepatic histologic evaluation remains the gold standard for diagnosis. To reduce the risk of complications after liver biopsy but increase the accuracy of NAFLD diagnosis, hepatic tissue can be sampled during bariatric surgery...
August 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931896/association-between-plasma-gamma-glutamyltransferase-fractions-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-hypertensive-patients
#5
Maria Franzini, Ilenia Scataglini, Angelo Ricchiuti, Vanna Fierabracci, Aldo Paolicchi, Alfonso Pompella, Giulia Dell'Omo, Roberto Pedrinelli, Alessandro Corti
Among the risk factors associated to metabolic syndrome (MetS), hypertension shows the highest prevalence in Italy. We investigated the relationship between the newly identified serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) fractions, b- s- m- f-GGT, and risk factors associated to MetS in hypertensive patients. A total of ninety-five consecutive hypertensive patients were enrolled. GGT fractions were analysed by gel-filtration chromatography, and hepatic steatosis was evaluated by ultrasound. MetS was diagnosed in 36% of patients...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901345/-acute-alcoholic-hepatitis
#6
Gianni Testino, Emanuele Scafato, Valentino Patussi
Chronic alcohol related liver disease is characterized by a cascade of events defined as follows: steatosis, steatohepatitis/steatofibrosi, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. On one of these histologic patterns may overlap acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAE) (mild, moderate, severe). Severe AAE can cause a severe clinical picture: jaundice with a duration of less than three months, jaundice in the first decompensation event, serum bilirubin higher than 5 mg/dL, ratio AST/ALT >2:1, AST less than 500 IU/L ALT <300 IU/L, neutrophil leukocytosis and increased GGT...
September 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830448/significant-decrease-of-saturation-index-in-erythrocytes-membrane-from-subjects-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#7
Maria Notarnicola, Maria Gabriella Caruso, Valeria Tutino, Caterina Bonfiglio, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Vito Giannuzzi, Valentina De Nunzio, Giampiero De Leonardis, Daniela I Abbrescia, Isabella Franco, Vincenza Intini, Antonella Mirizzi, Alberto R Osella
BACKGROUND: The lipidomic profiling of erythrocyte membranes is expected to provide a peculiar scenario at molecular level of metabolic and nutritional pathways which may influence the lipid balance and the adaptation and homeostasis of the organism. Considering that lipid accumulation in the cell is important in promoting tissue inflammation, the purpose of this study is to analyze the fatty acid profile in red blood cell membranes of patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), in order to identify and validate membrane profiles possibly associated with the degree of hepatic damage...
August 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823009/proton-pump-inhibitors-as-risk-factor-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-coeliac-disease-patients-on-gluten-free-diet
#8
Nicola Imperatore, Raffaella Tortora, Anna Testa, Nicolò Gerbino, Nicola Caporaso, Antonio Rispo
BACKGROUND: Recent research has shown that patients with coeliac disease (CD) are at risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) and hepatic steatosis (HS) after commencing a gluten-free diet (GFD). This study aimed to evaluate the predictive factors for MS and HS in CD after 1 year of GFD. METHODS: All consecutive newly diagnosed CD patients were enrolled. We prospectively collected data about BMI; waist circumference; blood pressure; cholesterol; triglycerides, glucose and insulin blood levels; insulin resistance (through the homeostatic model assessment HOMA-IR) and treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPI)...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800087/imaging-features-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Michele Di Martino, Kameliya Koryukova, Mario Bezzi, Carlo Catalano
Non-invasive diagnosis and quantification of liver steatosis is important to overcome limits of liver biopsy, in order to follow up patients during their therapy and to establish a reference standard that can be used in clinical trials and longitudinal studies. Imaging offers several methods in this setting: ultrasound, which is the cheapest technique and easy to perform; magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), which reflects the real content of triglycerides in a specific volume; and proton density fat fraction (PDFF) magnetic resonance, which is a simple method that reflects the distribution of the fat in the whole liver...
August 11, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741275/fatty-liver-decreases-the-risk-of-liver-metastasis-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-two-center-cohort-study
#10
Wenyu Wu, Jie Chen, Weilin Ye, Xi Li, Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: The influence of hepatic steatosis (HS) on liver metastasis in patients with non-metastatic breast cancer (BC) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between HS and liver metastasis in non-metastatic BC patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent treatment for BC at two affiliated hospitals of Southern Medical University, between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2015, were retrospectively reviewed. BC patients were divided into the study and control groups based on the presence of HS...
July 24, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#11
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695813/value-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-early-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#12
Meng-Na He, Ke Lv, Qing-li Zhu, Qing Zhang, Wen-Bo Li, He-Wen Tang, Jing Zhao, Rui Zhang, Yu-Xin Jiang
Objective To evaluate the value of acoustic radiation force impulse(ARFI)imaging in the diagnosis of early non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH).Methods Totally 32 SD rats were randomly divided into high-fat diet group(n=24)and normal-diet group(n=8)by using the random number table. At the end of the 4(th),8(th),12(th),and 16(th) week,six rats from the high-diet group and two rats from the normal-diet group were selected blindly for weighting,blood biochemical test,conventional ultrasound,and ARFI imaing. HE staining was used for pathological observation...
June 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678410/simultaneous-mr-quantification-of-hepatic-fat-content-fatty-acid-composition-transverse-relaxation-time-and-magnetic-susceptibility-for-the-diagnosis-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#13
B Leporq, S A Lambert, M Ronot, V Vilgrain, B E Van Beers
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized at histology by steatosis, hepatocyte ballooning and inflammatory infiltrates, with or without fibrosis. Although diamagnetic material in fibrosis and inflammation can be detected with quantitative susceptibility imaging, fatty acid composition changes in NASH relative to simple steatosis have also been reported. Therefore, our aim was to develop a single magnetic resonance (MR) acquisition and post-processing scheme for the diagnosis of steatohepatitis by the simultaneous quantification of hepatic fat content, fatty acid composition, T2 * transverse relaxation time and magnetic susceptibility in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease...
July 5, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652891/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-expanded-review
#14
REVIEW
Mark Benedict, Xuchen Zhang
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses the simple steatosis to more progressive steatosis with associated hepatitis, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and in some cases hepatocellular carcinoma. NAFLD is a growing epidemic, not only in the United States, but worldwide in part due to obesity and insulin resistance leading to liver accumulation of triglycerides and free fatty acids. Numerous risk factors for the development of NAFLD have been espoused with most having some form of metabolic derangement or insulin resistance at the core of its pathophysiology...
June 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630652/verification-of-b-lymphocyte-activating-factor-s-involvement-in-the-exacerbation-of-insulin-resistance-as-well-as-an-autoimmune-response-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-patients-with-hcv-related-chronic-liver-disease
#15
Takashi Himoto, Koji Fujita, Takako Nomura, Joji Tani, Asahiro Morishita, Hirohito Yoneyama, Reiji Haba, Tsutomu Masaki
BACKGROUND: Ten to forty percent of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and HCV-related chronic liver disease (CLD-C) patients have antinuclear antibodies (ANAs). However, the relationship between autoimmune response and insulin resistance remains uncertain among those patients. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not ANA status was associated with the development of insulin resistance and obesity in NASH and CLD-C patients. METHODS: Degrees of hepatic fibrosis and steatosis were evaluated by the classification proposed by Brunt et al...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611273/racial-disparities-in-hepatitis-c-treatment-eligibility
#16
Omar Sims, David Pollio, Barry Hong, Carol North
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C (HCV) is more prevalent in African Americans than in any other racial group in the United States. However, African Americans are more likely to be deemed ineligible for HCV treatment than non-African Americans. There has been limited research into the origins of racial disparities in HCV treatment eligibility. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare medical and non-medical characteristics commonly assessed in clinical practice that could potentially contribute to HCV treatment ineligibility disparities between African American and non-African American patients...
July 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587918/computerized-tomography-based-diagnosis-of-visceral-obesity-and-hepatic-steatosis-is-associated-with-low-urine-ph
#17
Nishant D Patel, Ryan D Ward, Juan Calle, Erick M Remer, Manoj Monga
PURPOSE: Uric acid nephrolithiasis is associated with an elevated visceral fat area in kidney stone formers. Hepatic steatosis has also been linked to visceral obesity and nephrolithiasis. We evaluated the association of noncontrast computerized tomography based diagnosis of visceral obesity and hepatic steatosis with 24-hour urine parameters and stone composition in kidney stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 98 kidney stone formers were included in study who had computerized tomography imaging and 24-hour urine studies available...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570343/controlled-attenuation-parameter-for-diagnosing-steatosis-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-with-suspected-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#18
Sylvie Naveau, Cosmin S Voican, Amandine Lebrun, Martin Gaillard, Karima Lamouri, Micheline Njiké-Nakseu, Rodi Courie, Hadrien Tranchart, Axel Balian, Sophie Prévot, Ibrahim Dagher, Gabriel Perlemuter
INTRODUCTION: Steatosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is often benign, but may progress to fibrosis. The accurate diagnosis of hepatic steatosis is therefore important for clinical decision-making and prognostic assessments. The controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), a noninvasive measurement obtained with Fibro-Scan, has been developed for liver steatosis assessment. CAP performs poorly in patients with high BMI. The XL probe was initially developed for measuring liver stiffness in overweight patients...
September 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506907/validity-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-fatty-liver-by-m-probe-based-controlled-attenuation-parameter
#19
Vincent Wai-Sun Wong, Salvatore Petta, Jean-Baptiste Hiriart, Calogero Cammà, Grace Lai-Hung Wong, Fabio Marra, Julien Vergniol, Anthony Wing-Hung Chan, Antonino Tuttolomondo, Wassil Merrouche, Henry Lik-Yuen Chan, Brigitte Le Bail, Umberto Arena, Antonio Craxì, Victor de Lédinghen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) can be performed together with liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by transient elastography (TE) and is often used to diagnose fatty liver. We aimed to define the validity criteria of CAP. METHODS: CAP was measured by the M probe prior to liver biopsy in 754 consecutive patients with different liver diseases at three centers in Europe and Hong Kong (derivation cohort, n=340; validation cohort, n=414; 101 chronic hepatitis B, 154 chronic hepatitis C, 349 non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, 37 autoimmune hepatitis, 49 cholestatic liver disease, 64 others; 277 F3-4; age 52±14; body mass index 27...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493820/deoxyguanosine-kinase-deficiency-a-report-of-four-patients
#20
Özlem Ünal, Burcu Hişmi, Mustafa Kılıç, Hayriye Hızarcıoğlu Gülşen, Turgay Coşkun, Serap Hatice Sivri, Ali Dursun, Aysel Yüce, Ayşegül Tokatlı
BACKGROUND: Hepatic involvement is a common feature in childhood mitochondrial disorders. Deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) deficiency is one of the mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromes associated with hepatocerebral syndrome. Hepatic disease and neurologic dysfunction occurs within weeks after birth. Low birth weight is one of the common features. This study aims to describe the clinical and laboratory features of four infants carrying four different pathogenic variants in the DGUOK gene...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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