keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hypocalcemia in ckd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238762/etelcalcetide-injectable-calcimimetic-for-the-treatment-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-hemodialysis-dependent-patients
#1
P A Ureña Torres, J Bover, M Cohen-Solal
Chronic kidney disease is associated with mineral and bone disorders that are now considered as a syndrome. One of the major complications of this syndrome is secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). SHPT increases bone turnover and the risk of fracture. SHPT is also associated with cardiovascular calcification and high mortality risk. The classical medical therapies of SHPT lack long-term efficacy and have undesirable effects on serum calcium and phosphate levels. Surgical parathyroidectomy is a radical therapeutic solution potentially exposing patients to a permanent state of hypoparathyroidism among other complications...
September 2017: Drugs of Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196929/factors-associated-with-calcium-requirements-after-parathyroidectomy-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#2
Yue Ding, Hongying Wang, Qiang Zou, Yiting Jin, Zijing Zhang, Junwen Huang
BACKGROUND: Renal hyperparathyroidism is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Parathyroidectomy (PTX) for these patients continues to be a valuable option in the era of calcimimetics. Postoperative hypocalcemia is common after surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical factors to define postoperative calcium requirements. METHODS: From February 2013 to May 2017, 68 patients with chronic kidney disease 5 (CKD5) who underwent PTX were reviewed...
December 1, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074834/-update-on-recent-progress-in-vitamin-d-research-the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-management-of-ckd-mbd
#3
Naoto Hamano, Masafumi Fukagawa
Vitamin D was originally discovered as a substance which alleviates rickets and studies revealed that vitamin D exerts pleiotropic effects. Vitamin D has a therapeutic effect on Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD)-associated bone lesion or secondary hyperparathyroidism. On the other hand, excessive vitamin D induces calcium and phosphate overload, resulting in vascular calcification and cardiovascular events. From the data so far, not all CKD patients can get the benefit of vitamin D. It is well indicated for CKD patients with vitamin D insufficiency, secondary parathyroidism, hypocalcemia, or low-turnover bone disease on the basis of avoiding calcium over load...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021477/management-of-osteoporosis-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Kosaku Nitta, Aiji Yajima, Ken Tsuchiya
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with coexisting osteoporosis are becoming common. Many of the therapeutic agents used to treat osteoporosis are known to be affected by the renal function. It is generally thought that osteoporosis in G1 to G3 CKD patients can be treated as in non-CKD patients with osteoporosis. In stage 4 or more advanced CKD patients and CKD patients on dialysis with osteoporosis, however, bisphosphonates must be used with caution, bearing in mind the potential development of such disorders as adynamic bone disease...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964572/transcription-factor-mafb-may-play-an-important-role-in-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#5
Naoki Morito, Keigyou Yoh, Toshiaki Usui, Hisashi Oishi, Masami Ojima, Akiko Fujita, Ryusuke Koshida, Hossam H Shawki, Michito Hamada, Masafumi Muratani, Kunihiro Yamagata, Satoru Takahashi
The transcription factor MafB is essential for development of the parathyroid glands, the expression of which persists after morphogenesis and in adult parathyroid glands. However, the function of MafB in adult parathyroid tissue is unclear. To investigate this, we induced chronic kidney disease (CKD) in wild-type and MafB heterozygote (MafB+/-) mice by feeding them an adenine-supplemented diet, leading to secondary hyperparathyroidism. The elevated serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels in heterozygous and wild-type mice fed the adenine-supplemented diet were similar...
September 27, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959498/acute-hypocalcemia-and-metabolic-alkalosis-in-children-on-cation-exchange-resin-therapy
#6
Aadil Kakajiwala, Kevin T Barton, Elisha Rampolla, Christine Breen, Madhura Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) is a chelating agent used for the treatment of hyperkalemia. SPS has a wide range of exchange capacity requiring close monitoring of serum electrolytes. We observed two patients who developed acute hypocalcemia and increased metabolic alkalosis after initiating SPS therapy. We report these cases to draw attention to the potential risk of this medication in pediatric patients. CASE DIAGNOSIS/TREATMENT: Two children with chronic kidney disease on dialysis were started on SPS for hyperkalemia...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949797/unplanned-30-day-readmissions-after-parathyroidectomy-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-nationwide-analysis
#7
Rocco Ferrandino, Scott Roof, Yue Ma, Lili Chan, Priti Poojary, Aparna Saha, Kinsuk Chauhan, Steven G Coca, Girish N Nadkarni, Marita S Teng
Objective To examine rates of readmission after parathyroidectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease and determine primary etiologies, timing, and risk factors for these unplanned readmissions. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Nationwide Readmissions Database. Subjects and Methods The Nationwide Readmissions Database was queried for parathyroidectomy procedures performed in patients with chronic kidney disease between January 2013 and November 2013. Patient-, admission-, and hospital-level characteristics were compared for patients with and without at least 1 unplanned 30-day readmission...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941764/kdoqi-us-commentary-on-the-2017-kdigo-clinical-practice-guideline-update-for-the-diagnosis-evaluation-prevention-and%C3%A2-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone%C3%A2-disorder-ckd-mbd
#8
Tamara Isakova, Thomas L Nickolas, Michelle Denburg, Sri Yarlagadda, Daniel E Weiner, Orlando M Gutiérrez, Vinod Bansal, Sylvia E Rosas, Sagar Nigwekar, Jerry Yee, Holly Kramer
Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) encompasses laboratory and bone abnormalities and vascular calcification and has deleterious effects on clinical outcomes. KDOQI (Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative), an initiative of the National Kidney Foundation, addressed this issue with the publication of a clinical practice guideline for bone metabolism and disease in CKD in 2003, and 2 years later, a new definition and classification scheme for CKD-MBD was developed following a KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) Controversies Conference...
December 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869940/severe-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-a-hemodialysis-patient-a-case-report-from-mongolia
#9
Saruultuvshin Adiya, Khurtsbayar Damdinsuren, Chuluuntsetseg Dorj
Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) occurs in patients with chronic renal failure complicated with renal bone disease and soft tissue/vascular calcification. In dialysis patients with severe SHPT, medical treatment may fail and parathyroidectomy (PTX) is indicated for definitive treatment. Severe hypocalcemia from hungry bone disease or postoperative hypoparathyroidism may occur during the postoperative period. We report here a case of severe SHPT in a hemodialysis patient treated with phosphate binders, calcitriol, and calcimimetics but who still required PTX...
2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836058/long-term-effects-of-etelcalcetide-as-intravenous-calcimimetic-therapy-in-hemodialysis-patients-with-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#10
Takashi Shigematsu, Masafumi Fukagawa, Keitaro Yokoyama, Takashi Akiba, Akifumi Fujii, Motoi Odani, Tadao Akizawa
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is a serious major complication in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease. Long-term maintenance of serum phosphate, calcium, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in appropriate ranges in these patients is a major challenge. We investigated the efficacy and safety of long-term treatment with etelcalcetide, a novel intravenous calcimimetic, in Japanese SHPT patients on long-term hemodialysis. METHODS: This study was a multicenter open-label study...
August 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768970/generalized-status-epilepticus-in-a-patient-with-acute-onset-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-severe-kidney-dysfunction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Nobumasa Ohara, Ryo Koda, Hirofumi Watanabe, Noriaki Iino, Kazumasa Ohashi, Kenshi Terajima, Tetsutaro Ozawa, Yohei Ikeda, Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Hitomi Ohashi, Seigo Yamaguchi
A 65-year-old Japanese man with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) developed acute-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) that was associated with severe acute kidney injury and was manifested by generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus. His seizures resolved without recurrence after correcting the diabetic ketoacidosis. Although hyperglycemia is an important cause of acute symptomatic seizure (ASS), patients with ketotic hyperglycemia develop ASS less frequently. In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure despite the severe ketonemia...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748891/study-of-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-bone-disorders-in-newly-detected-advanced-renal-failure-patients-a-hospital-based-cross-sectional-study
#12
Praveen Kumar Etta, R K Sharma, Amit Gupta
We aim to evaluate the disturbances in mineral metabolism, abnormalities in bone mineral density (BMD), and extraskeletal calcification in newly detected, untreated predialysis stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at a tertiary care hospital in North India. This is cross-sectional observational study. A total of 95 (68 males, 27 females) newly detected patients underwent clinical evaluation, biochemical assessment [serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, creatinine, intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25- hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)], BMD measurement (at spine, hip, and forearm) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), lateral abdominal radiograph [for abdominal aortic calcification (AAC)], skeletal survey (to look for any abnormality including fractures), and echocardiography [for any cardiac valvular calcification (CVC)]...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634117/to-assess-the-effects-of-parathyroidectomy-tptx-versus-tptx-at-for-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-chronic-renal-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Miao-E Liu, Nian-Cun Qiu, Si-Luo Zha, Zhi-Peng Du, Yi-Fan Wang, Qiang Wang, Qi Chen, Xiao-Xia Cen, Ying Jiang, Qiong Luo, Cheng-Xiang Shan, Ming Qiu
BACKGROUND: Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) requiring parathyroidectomy (PTX) occurs more commonly in patients with progressive chronic kidney disease and in those on long-term lithium therapy. Successful PTX often results in a dramatic drop of parathyroid hormone level, relieves the patient from clinical symptoms, and reduces mortality. However, there is an ongoing debate on the optimal surgical treatment of SHPT. Currently, no clinical guidelines or trials have definitely answered the question of whether Total Parathyroidectomy (TPTX) is superior or equal to Total Parathyroidectomy with Autotransplantation (TPTX + AT)...
August 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488572/acute-hypocalcemia-following-kidney-transplantation-may-depend-on-the-type-of-remote-parathyroidectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study%C3%A2
#14
Malorie Simons, Josef Bautista, Rachel Occhiogrosso, Lori Aj Scott-Sheldon, Reginald Gohh
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication of chronic kidney disease. When medical management fails, parathyroidectomy (PTX) is a treatment option. The two most common types are subtotal PTX and total PTX with autotransplantation (AT). To date, there is no consensus as to which procedure is preferable, especially in patients who are candidates for future kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to identify if the type of PTX is a risk factor for acute postrenal transplant (postRTX) hypocalcemia and a concern for problems with long-term calcium homeostasis...
June 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439468/a-link-between-central-kynurenine-metabolism-and-bone-strength-in-rats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Bartlomiej Kalaska, Krystyna Pawlak, Ewa Oksztulska-Kolanek, Tomasz Domaniewski, Beata Znorko, Malgorzata Karbowska, Aleksandra Citkowska, Joanna Rogalska, Alicja Roszczenko, Malgorzata M Brzoska, Dariusz Pawlak
BACKGROUND: Disturbances in mineral and bone metabolism represent one of the most complex complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Serotonin, a monoamine synthesized from tryptophan, may play a potential role in bone metabolism. Brain-derived serotonin exerts a positive effect on the bone structure by limiting bone resorption and enhancing bone formation. Tryptophan is the precursor not only to the serotonin but also and primarily to kynurenine metabolites. The ultimate aim of the present study was to determine the association between central kynurenine metabolism and biomechanical as well as geometrical properties of bone in the experimental model of the early stage of CKD...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378123/secondary-hyperparthyroidism-pathogenesis-diagnosis-preventive-and-therapeutic-strategies
#16
REVIEW
Mariano Rodríguez Portillo, María E Rodríguez-Ortiz
Uremic secondary hyperparathyroidism is a multifactorial and complex disease often present in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease. The accumulation of phosphate, the increased FGF23 levels, the reduction in active vitamin D production, and the tendency to hypocalcemia are persistent stimuli for the development and progression of parathyroid hyperplasia with increased secretion of PTH. Parathyroid proliferation may become nodular mainly in cases of advanced hyperparathyroidism. The alterations in the regulation of mineral metabolism, the development of bone disease and extraosseous calcifications are essential components of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder and have been associated with negative outcomes...
March 2017: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299319/clinical-epidemiology-of-mineral-bone-disorder-markers-in-prevalent-hemodialysis-patients-in-the-xinjiang-uyghur-autonomous-region-in-china
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ying-Ping Sun, Wen-Jun Yang, Su-Hua Li, Yuan-Yuan Han, Jian Liu
We investigated the clinical epidemiology of mineral bone disorder markers in prevalent hemodialysis (HD) patients in Xinjiang, the largest province in China. Data were obtained from 59 hospitals. A total of 3725 patients tracked from January 1 to December 31, 2014, were enrolled. Serum calcium (Ca) levels, phosphorus (P) levels, and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels were analyzed. Serum Ca levels were lower compared to the International Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS4) and the Chinese DOPPS...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045952/predictive-factors-of-one-year-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-patients-undergoing-urgent-start-hemodialysis
#18
Luciene P Magalhães, Luciene M Dos Reis, Fabiana G Graciolli, Benedito J Pereira, Rodrigo B de Oliveira, Altay A L de Souza, Rosa M Moyses, Rosilene M Elias, Vanda Jorgetti
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects 10-15% of adult population worldwide. Incident patients on hemodialysis, mainly those on urgent-start dialysis at the emergency room, have a high mortality risk, which may reflect the absence of nephrology care. A lack of data exists regarding the influence of baseline factors on the mortality of these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of this population and identify risk factors that contribute to their mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012786/a-quick-reference-on-hypocalcemia
#19
REVIEW
Joao Felipe de Brito Galvão, Patricia A Schenck, Dennis J Chew
Primary hypoparathyroidism should be considered in dogs with vague signs, including tremors, facial rubbing, and seizures. Ionized hypocalcemia should be considered in dogs with protein-losing enteropathy, especially lymphangiectasia caused by hypovitaminosis D. Ionized hypocalcemia typically occurs only in advanced chronic kidney disease.
March 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863290/cardiorenal-acute-kidney-injury-epidemiology-presentation-causes-pathophysiology-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Luca Di Lullo, Antonio Bellasi, Domenico Russo, Mario Cozzolino, Claudio Ronco
Cardiovascular disease and major cardiovascular events represent main cause of death in both acute and chronic kidney disease patients. Kidney and heart failure are common and frequently co-exist; this organ - organ interaction, also called organ cross-talk led to well-known definition of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Here we'll describe cardiovascular involvement in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Also known as type-3 CRS or acute reno-cardiac CRS, it occurs when AKI contributes and/or precipitates development of acute cardiac injury...
January 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
105573
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"