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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#1
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#2
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711797/symptom-severity-and-disability-in-psychiatric-disorders-the-u-s-collaborative-psychiatric-epidemiology-survey
#3
R García-Velázquez, M Jokela, T H Rosenström
BACKGROUND: While most psychiatric diagnoses are based on simple counts of symptoms, some symptoms may be sign of a more severe mental syndrome than others. This calls for validated estimates of the relative severity specific symptoms imply within a disorder. We focused on four diagnostic disorders: Manic Episode (ME), Major Depressive Episode (MDE), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Symptom-specific severity parameters were estimated, and validated by examining their association with levels of self-reported disability in daily activities over and above the number of symptoms...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711763/cult-membership-what-factors-contribute-to-joining-or-leaving
#4
M Rousselet, O Duretete, J B Hardouin, M Grall-Bronnec
We assumed that, as in the case of addiction disorders, former cult members exhibit vulnerability and protective factors for cult commitment and membership. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify vulnerability factors that are involved in the commitment and in the retention in the group, as well as protective factors that are involved in the departure. We interviewed 31 former cult members, using semi-structured interviews to evaluate their clinical profile, characteristics of the cultic group and their experience in the group...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710695/serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-boys-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-treated-with-methylphenidate-an-8-week-observational-pretest-posttest-study
#5
Aynur Pekcanlar Akay, Halil Resmi, Sevay Alsen Güney, Handan Özek Erkuran, Gonca Özyurt, Enis Sargin, Ahmet Topuzoglu, Ali Evren Tufan
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important neurotrophin in the brain that modulates dopaminergic neurons. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in serum BDNF levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in response to OROS methylphenidate treatment. We also aimed to determine whether there were any pre-post-differences between ADHD subtypes and comorbid psychiatric disorders in serum BDNF levels. Fifty male children with ADHD and 50 male healthy controls within the age range of 6-12 years were recruited to the study...
July 14, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709880/low-intensity-transcranial-electric-stimulation-safety-ethical-legal-regulatory-and-application-guidelines
#6
REVIEW
A Antal, I Alekseichuk, M Bikson, J Brockmöller, A R Brunoni, R Chen, L G Cohen, G Dowthwaite, J Ellrich, A Flöel, F Fregni, M S George, R Hamilton, J Haueisen, C S Herrmann, F C Hummel, J P Lefaucheur, D Liebetanz, C K Loo, C D McCaig, C Miniussi, P C Miranda, V Moliadze, M A Nitsche, R Nowak, F Padberg, A Pascual-Leone, W Poppendieck, A Priori, S Rossi, P M Rossini, J Rothwell, M A Rueger, G Ruffini, K Schellhorn, H R Siebner, Y Ugawa, A Wexler, U Ziemann, M Hallett, W Paulus
Low intensity transcranial electrical stimulation (TES) in humans, encompassing transcranial direct current (tDCS), transcutaneous spinal Direct Current Stimulation (tsDCS), transcranial alternating current (tACS), and transcranial random noise (tRNS) stimulation or their combinations, appears to be safe. No serious adverse events (SAEs) have been reported so far in over 18,000 sessions administered to healthy subjects, neurological and psychiatric patients, as summarized here. Moderate adverse events (AEs), as defined by the necessity to intervene, are rare, and include skin burns with tDCS due to suboptimal electrode-skin contact...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709821/the-mandarin-version-of-the-kiddie-schedule-for-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia-epidemiological-version-for-dsm-5-a-psychometric-study
#7
Yi-Lung Chen, Lih-Jong Shen, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Changes of diagnostic coverage and criteria for psychiatric disorders in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) published in 2013 cause a need for updating the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Epidemiological version (K-SADS-E). This study examined the preliminary psychometric properties, including inter-rater reliability, and convergent and divergent validity of the modified K-SADS-E for DSM-5...
July 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709116/morbidity-persistence-and-comorbidity-of-mood-anxiety-and-eating-disorders-among-preoperative-bariatric-patients
#8
Leorides Severo Duarte-Guerra, Bruno Mendonça Coêlho, Marco Aurélio Santo, Francisco Lotufo-Neto, Yuan-Pang Wang
The current study investigates the patterns of disease persistence and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders among patients with class III obesity in pre-operative period. For 393 treatment-seeking patients with severe obesity recruited from a bariatric center, we ascertained their psychiatric diagnosis through Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I). Following, the frequency, persistence and comorbidity pattern of psychiatric disorders in this sample were determined. Current psychiatric disorders were observed in over half of patients during preoperative period, being anxiety disorders the most frequent diagnosis...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705600/poor-medication-adherence-and-risk-of-relapse-associated-with-continued-cannabis-use-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-prospective-analysis
#9
Tabea Schoeler, Natalia Petros, Marta Di Forti, Ewa Klamerus, Enrico Foglia, Robin Murray, Sagnik Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use following the onset of first-episode psychosis has been linked to both increased risk of relapse and non-adherence with antipsychotic medication. Whether poor outcome associated with cannabis use is mediated through an adverse effect of cannabis on medication adherence is unclear. METHODS: In a prospective analysis of data acquired from four different adult inpatient and outpatient units of the South London and Maudsley Mental Health National Health Service Foundation Trust in London, UK, 245 patients were followed up for 2 years from the onset of first-episode psychosis...
July 10, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702070/leveling-and-abuse-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-at-psychiatric-outpatient-departments-in-ethiopia
#10
Habte Belete
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) clearly states the importance of psychological well-being in the definition of health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". However, in the community, the lives of people with bipolar disorders are often harsh and abusive. Till now, the rate and related information concerning verbal or physical abuse among patients with bipolar disorder at psychiatric outpatient clinics have not been well addressed in Ethiopian settings...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701086/rights-of-people-with-mental-disorders-realities-in-healthcare-facilities-in-tunisia
#11
Mayssa Rekhis, Abir Ben Hamouda, Sami Ouanes, Rym Rafrafi
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have been associated worldwide with human rights' violations. Controversially, many occur in mental health facilities. AIM: This work aimed to assess the rights of people with mental disorders in healthcare facilities in Tunisia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, using the World Health Organization (WHO) quality-rights toolkit, assessed the human rights levels of achievement in Elrazi Hospital, the only psychiatric hospital in Tunisia, in comparison with the National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)...
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699029/access-to-pharmacotherapy-amongst-women-with-bipolar-disorder-during-pregnancy-a-preliminary-study
#12
Nancy Byatt, Lucille Cox, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Kathleen Biebel, Padma Sankaran, Holly A Swartz, Linda Weinreb
Bipolar disorder among pregnant women has deleterious effects on birth and child outcomes and is currently under-detected, not addressed effectively, or exacerbated through inappropriate treatment. The goal of this study was to identify perspectives of pregnant and postpartum women with bipolar disorder on barriers and facilitators to psychiatric treatment during pregnancy. In-depth interviews were conducted with pregnant and postpartum women who scored ≥ 10 on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and met DSM-IV criteria for bipolar disorder I, II or not otherwise specified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview version 5...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694611/depression-as-a-manifestation-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Sheikh Shoib, Javid A Malik, Shariq Masoodi
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often results in a wide range of comorbid conditions, predominantly of the cardiovascular/respiratory, endocrine/metabolic, and neuropsychiatric symptoms. In view of the ambiguity of literature regarding the association between OSA and depression, we conducted this study to show any association between the two disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to see the association between OSA and depression and to study the prevalence of OSA in patients suffering from depression...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693872/depression-screening-at-a-community-health-fair-descriptives-and-treatment-linkage
#14
Kiel J Opperman, Devin M Hanson, Paul A Toro
OBJECTIVE: Health fairs are a cost-efficient platform for dissemination of preventive services to vulnerable populations. Effectiveness of depression screenings and associated treatment linkage via community health fairs warrants investigation. METHODS: This study offers the first examination of a depression screening at a community health fair in 261 adult men (18-87years). The PHQ-9 was administered via interview by graduate students and on-site psychiatric nurses were available for a brief consultation for those interested...
August 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692339/motivations-for-selling-ecstasy-among-young-adults-in-the-electronic-dance-music-club-culture-in-brazil
#15
Lysa S Remy, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz, Hilary L Surratt, Flavio Pechansky
This article describes data on the motivations for selling ecstasy among young adults in the electronic dance music (EDM) club culture in Brazil. Individual interviews were conducted with 20 individuals recruited for their involvement in the EDM club scene. Eligible participants were aged 18-39 and reported ecstasy and/or LSD use one or more times in the past 90 days. Exclusion criteria included current treatment for drug/alcohol problems and cognitive impairment or clinically evident psychiatric disorder...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691591/culture-in-la-cl%C3%A3-nica-evaluating-the-utility-of-the-cultural-formulation-interview-cfi-in-a-mexican-outpatient-setting
#16
Alyssa M Ramírez Stege, Kristin Elizabeth Yarris
While the classification of psychiatric disorders has been critiqued for failing to adequately account for culture, the inclusion of the Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) in the DSM-5 has been viewed as a promising development for the inclusion of cultural factors in diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. In this study, we assess the appropriateness, acceptability, and clinical utility of the CFI among outpatients in a Mexican psychiatric hospital. Our assessment included observations of psychiatric residents' application of the CFI with 19 patients during routine outpatient visits, along with pre- and post-CFI interviews to determine providers' and patients' views of the CFI...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689754/sociodemographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-psychotic-symptoms-in-the-general-population-findings-from-the-mhgp-survey
#17
Baptiste Pignon, Franck Schürhoff, Andrei Szöke, Pierre A Geoffroy, Renaud Jardri, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Benjamin Rolland, Pierre Thomas, Guillaume Vaiva, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore the sociodemographic and psychiatric correlates of psychotic symptoms in a large general population sample. METHODS: The French Mental Health in the General Population cross-sectional survey interviewed 38,694 individuals using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. We looked for associations between the presence of lifetime psychotic symptoms, sociodemographic characteristics (including migrant status over three generations) and clinical characteristics...
July 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689473/psychiatric-comorbidities-modify-the-association-between-childhood-adhd-and-risk-for-suicidality-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#18
Kouichi Yoshimasu, William J Barbaresi, Robert C Colligan, Robert G Voigt, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, Slavica K Katusic
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of psychiatric comorbidities on the association between childhood ADHD and suicidality among adults. METHOD: Subjects were recruited from a population-based birth cohort. Participating adult subjects with childhood ADHD and non-ADHD controls were administered a structured psychiatric interview to assess suicidality and psychiatric comorbidities. Associations were assessed using logistic regression...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686988/prevalence-correlates-comorbidity-and-treatment-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-system-use-in-the-united-states
#19
S Patricia Chou, Tulshi D Saha, Haitao Zhang, W June Ruan, Boji Huang, Bridget F Grant, Carlos Blanco, Wilson Compton
INTRODUCTION: This study presents nationally representative data on the prevalence, correlates, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment (including pharmacological and nonpharmacological) among electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) users. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. RESULTS: Prevalences of 12-month and lifetime ENDS use were 3.8% (SE=0.14) and 5.4% (SE=0.17)...
June 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686068/differential-associations-between-excess-body-weight-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-men-and-women
#20
Mathilde M Husky, Carolyn M Mazure, Alexis Ruffault, Cécile Flahault, Viviane Kovess-Masfety
BACKGROUND: The current investigation is the first large-scale population-based study from France that documents the association between excess body weight and common psychiatric disorders, and examines the influence of gender on the association between excess body weight and these disorders. A recent plan has been implemented in France to treat the rising rate of those who are overweight or obese, and we seek to demonstrate whether integrated treatment of excess weight and psychiatric conditions appears as indicated...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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