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Psychiatric interview

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154170/adverse-life-events-and-the-onset-of-anxiety-disorders
#1
Beyon Miloyan, O Joseph Bienvenu, Ben Brilot, William W Eaton
This study tested the hypothesis that adverse events are associated with increased risk of onset of anxiety disorders. Data from Waves 1 (N = 43,093; 2001-2002) and 2 (N = 34,653; 2004-2005) of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) were used to assess whether adverse events at baseline are associated with increased risk of anxiety disorder onset over three years of follow up. Sixty-six percent (SE: 1.0) of respondents with an anxiety disorder in the intervening period between Waves 1 and 2 had experienced an adverse life event in the year prior to the Wave 1 interview...
November 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#2
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147729/regulation-of-human-research-with-lsd-in-the-united-states-1949-1987
#3
REVIEW
Katherine R Bonson
Human research with hallucinogens such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) has been ongoing in the USA since 1949. During the 1960s, LSD was investigated for a variety of psychiatric indications, including the following: as an aid in treatment of schizophrenia; as a means of creating a "model psychosis"; as a direct antidepressant; and as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Studies with all drugs, including LSD, have always been conducted under federal regulatory controls, including the 1938 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA; which ensured the safety of drugs) and the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments to the FDCA (which described appropriate scientific methodology and ensured drug efficacy)...
November 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146473/estrogen-levels-emotion-regulation-and-emotional-symptoms-of-women-with-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-the-moderating-effect-of-estrogen-receptor-1%C3%AE-polymorphism
#4
Ju-Yu Yen, Peng-Wei Wang, Chen-Hsiang Su, Tai-Ling Liu, Cheng-Yu Long, Chih-Hung Ko
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the association between estrogen levels, emotion regulation, depression, anxiety, and stress of women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). We also evaluated the moderating effect of estrogen receptor (ESR) α-Xbal polymorphism on the aforementioned association. METHODS: A total of 100 women were diagnosed with PMDD based on psychiatric interviews and a prospective investigation of 3 menstrual cycles. A total of 96 normal individuals were recruited as controls...
November 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143889/beyond-pathologizing-harm-understanding-ptsd-in-the-context-of-war-experience
#5
Patricia Benner, Jodi Halpern, Deborah R Gordon, Catherine Long Popell, Patricia W Kelley
An alternative to objectifying approaches to understanding Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) grounded in hermeneutic phenomenology is presented. Nurses who provided care for soldiers injured in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, and sixty-seven wounded male servicemen in the rehabilitation phase of their recovery were interviewed. PTSD is the one major psychiatric diagnosis where social causation is established, yet PTSD is predominantly viewed in terms of the usual neuro-physiological causal models with traumatic social events viewed as pathogens with dose related effects...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143539/psychiatric-care-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-what-do-their-siblings-think-about-it-a-qualitative-study
#6
Jordan Sibeoni, Louise Chambon, Noel Pommepuy, Clementine Rappaport, Anne Revah-Levy
The expectations and role of families in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder are increasingly important. Nonetheless, no study has thus far explored the perspectives of siblings about the care received by a brother or sister with this disorder. The objective of this study was to fill this gap in the literature. This multicentre qualitative study took place in France, where we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who were older siblings of children receiving care in a day hospital for an autism spectrum disorder...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#7
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#8
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136397/psychiatric-inpatient-nurses-perceptions-of-using-motivational-interviewing
#9
Karen M Ragaisis
BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based intervention that may help inpatient psychiatric nurses understand patient beliefs about medication while simultaneously strengthening the therapeutic alliance. OBJECTIVE: Investigate nurses' perceptions regarding use of motivational interviewing after an educational program. DESIGN: A prospective intervention project. RESULTS: Agreement with consistent use of MI skills declined at one month...
November 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132075/alcohol-induced-disinhibition-is-associated-with-impulsivity-depression-and-suicide-attempt-a-nationwide-community-sample-of-korean-adults
#10
Kwan Woo Choi, Eun Jin Na, Jin Pyo Hong, Maeng Je Cho, Maurizio Fava, David Mischoulon, Hana Cho, Hong Jin Jeon
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced disinhibition (AID) is defined as a "loss of restraint over some form of behavior after drinking alcohol regardless of its amount". Although many previous studies have investigated on alcohol use disorder and suicide attempt, few studies have focused on AID and suicide. METHODS: A total of 9461 adults who had a history of drinking completed a face-to-face interview using the Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview (K-CIDI) with the Suicide Module, and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11 (BIS-11)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132028/dna-methylation-and-genetic-variation-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-ace-in-depression
#11
Dilys Lam, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Karen Ritchie, Richard Saffery, Joanne Ryan
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, and in older persons is associated with high levels of comorbidity and under-treatment. Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis is consistently observed in the older population as well as depressed patients, with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) a key regulator of the stress response. Epigenetic regulation of ACE may play an important role in HPA axis (dys)regulation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ACE promoter methylation as a biomarker of late-life depression, and its association with genetic variation and cortisol secretion...
November 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131841/determining-the-effectiveness-of-a-video-based-contact-intervention-in-improving-attitudes-of-penang-primary-care-nurses-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#12
Yin Ping Ng, Abdul Rashid, Finian O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Mental illness-related stigma is common, and is associated with poorer outcomes in people with mental illness. This study evaluated the attitudes of primary care nurses towards people with mental illness and its associated factors; and the effectiveness of a short video-based contact intervention (VBCI) in improving these attitudes using a Malay version of the 15-item Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Healthcare Providers (OMS-HC-15-M). METHODS: A 5-minute VBCI was developed comprising elements of psychoeducation and interviews of people with mental illness and the people they interact with, relating to experience of mental illness and recovery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131370/mental-ill-health-among-adult-patients-at-healthcare-centres-in-sweden-district-nurses-experiences
#13
Ann-Christin Janlöv, Linda Johansson, Eva K Clausson
BACKGROUND: Mental ill-health among the general population is increasing in Sweden. Primary Health Care (PHC) and Healthcare Centres (HCC), where district nurses (DNs) work, bear the basic responsibility for treatment of mental ill-health, while severe mental ill-health fall under the responsibility of psychiatric specialist care. The increased prevalence of mental ill-health in the community means that DNs increasingly encounter people with mental health problems - not least as a comorbidity...
November 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129122/convergence-and-divergence-an-analysis-of-mechanical-restraints
#14
Jean Daniel Jacob, Dave Holmes, Désiré Rioux, Pascale Corneau, Colleen MacPhee
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses are regularly confronted with the uses and effects of control interventions such as mechanical restraints. Although there are evident tensions in the literature regarding the use of mechanical restraints, very little research has focused on the lived and embodied experience of their use, whether from the patient's perspective or the perspective of nursing staff responsible for their application. Research aims: (1) to gain access to the bodily phenomenon of being placed in mechanical restraints; (2) to give voice to the intimate experiential understanding of this experience; and (3) through phenomenological interpretation, to understand the subjective processes and meaning-making of this experience...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#15
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125969/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-suicidality-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-in-argentina
#16
V C Fernández, N Alonso, L Melamud, A M Villa
BACKGROUND: Neuromyelitis optica is a relapsing inflammatory, secondarily demyelinating astrocytopathy that most commonly affects the optic nerves and the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychopathological profile, presence of current depression, and suicidality in patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) in an Argentinean cohort, and compare these parameters to those in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and in healthy controls (HCs)...
November 7, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125791/a-virtual-reality-game-to-assess-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#17
Martine J van Bennekom, M Soemiati Kasanmoentalib, Pelle P de Koning, Damiaan Denys
The retrospective and subjective nature of clinical interviews is an important shortcoming of current psychiatric diagnosis. Consequently, there is a clear need for objective and standardized tools. Virtual reality (VR) can be used to achieve controlled symptom provocation, which allows direct assessment for the clinician. We developed a video VR game to provoke and assess obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in a standardized and controlled environment. The first objective was to evaluate if the VR game is capable of provoking symptoms in OCD patients as opposed to healthy controls...
November 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122493/postepileptic-seizure-ptsd-a-very-rare-psychiatric-condition-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#18
Kirsten Labudda, Dominik Illies, Christian G Bien, Frank Neuner
PURPOSE: It has been shown that relatives of patients with epilepsy could experience a seizure as a traumatic event followed by a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In one questionnaire study, 51% of the patients with epilepsy were reported to have a PTSD caused by a traumatic seizure, termed postepileptic seizure PTSD by the authors. However, it remained unclear whether these patients had further psychiatric comorbidities and if certain seizure features may foster the development of the proposed epilepsy-specific PTSD...
November 6, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121560/evaluation-of-attempted-older-adults-suicides-admitted-to-a-university-hospital-emergency-department-izmir-study
#19
Duygu Keskin Gokcelli, Pınar Tosun Tasar, Nur Ozge Akcam, Sevnaz Sahin, Funda Karbek Akarca, Ekin Ozgur Aktas, Soner Duman, Fehmi Akcicek, Aysin Noyan
INTRODUCTION: Advanced age is one of the risk factors for attempting suicide. Suicide attempts are one of the reasons for elderly patients to admit emergency services. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between suicidal behavior and sociodemographic factors and concurrent somatic diseases. METHODS: The medical records of patients aged 60 years and over who presented to the emergency department of our university hospital for attempted suicide between the dates of January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2015 were screened retrospectively...
October 16, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121151/association-between-cognitive-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Amy M Williams, Jamie Lindholm, Diana Cook, Farzan Siddiqui, Tamer A Ghanem, Steven S Chang
Importance: There is a dearth of research examining the associations between cognitive function and quality of life (QoL) in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), despite much research examining QoL and some research examining cognitive function in this population. Objective: To identify the associations between cognitive functioning and QoL in patients prior to treatment for HNC within a multidisciplinary care team. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case series with planned data collection of cognitive function, QoL, and psychosocial variables at an urban Midwest academic medical center including 83 patients with a diagnosis of HNC between August 2015 and December 2016 who underwent a pretreatment assessment with a clinical health psychologist and a speech and language pathologist...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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