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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635435/gps-views-and-perspectives-on-patient-non-adherence-to-treatment-in-primary-care-prior-to-suicide
#1
Pooja Saini, Khatidja Chantler, Navneet Kapur
BACKGROUND: Individuals who do not adhere to their treatment regimens may be at greater risk of suicide but these issues are relatively unexplored in primary care services. AIM: To explore GPs' views and perspectives on the reasons why patients who were in contact with mental health services in the year prior to suicide was non-adherent to treatment prior to their death. METHOD: In total, 198 semi-structured face-to-face interviews with GPs of people who had died by suicide...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#2
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628764/psychiatric-disorders-moderate-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-cognitive-problems-in-military-soldiers
#3
Janeese A Brownlow, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Elaine M Boland, Glenna S Brewster, Philip R Gehrman
BACKGROUND: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity of insomnia and psychiatric disorders, but much of the existing data is based on small samples and does not assess the full diagnostic criteria for each disorder. Further, the exact nature of the relationship between these conditions and their impact on cognitive problems are under-researched in military samples. METHOD: Data were collected from the All Army Study of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (unweighted N = 21, 449; weighted N = 674,335; 18-61 years; 13...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627082/dependence-and-resistance-in-community-psychiatric-health-care-negotiations-of-user-participation-between-staff-and-users
#4
Ingrid Femdal, Ingrid Ruud Knutsen
INTRODUCTION: Implementation of user participation is considered important in today's mental health care. Research shows, however, that user participation lacks clarity and provokes uncertainty regarding shifting roles. AIM: To investigate negotiation of user participation in a micro-study of interplay between users and health professionals in community mental health care METHOD: This qualitative study is based on semi-structured in-depth interviews, involving ten service users and ten professionals in community mental health care in Norway...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623183/phone-based-interventions-in-adolescent-psychiatry-a-perspective-and-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-with-a-focus-on-depression-and-autism
#5
Robert Yuzen Chen, Jordan Robert Feltes, William Shun Tzeng, Zoe Yunzhu Lu, Michael Pan, Nan Zhao, Rebecca Talkin, Kavon Javaherian, Anne Glowinski, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622538/current-psychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-epilepsy-are-predicted-by-maltreatment-experiences-during-childhood
#6
Kirsten Labudda, Dominik Illies, Cornelia Herzig, Katharina Schröder, Christian G Bien, Frank Neuner
PURPOSE: Childhood maltreatment has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of psychiatric disorders. Although the prevalence of psychiatric disorders is high in epilepsy patients, it is unknown if childhood maltreatment experiences are elevated compared to the normal population and if early maltreatment is a risk factor for current psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy patients. This is the main purpose of this study. METHODS: Structured interviews were used to assess current Axis I diagnoses in 120 epilepsy patients from a tertiary Epilepsy Center (34 TLE patients, 86 non-TLE patients)...
June 8, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619866/interpreting-the-goldwater-rule
#7
John Martin-Joy
Section 7.3 of the Principles of Medical Ethics With Annotations Especially Applicable to Psychiatry (the so-called Goldwater Rule) provides guidance on the ethics of making psychiatric comments about public figures who have not been interviewed and have not given consent. I argue that the wording of Section 7.3 is ambiguous, and I document disagreement over the scope of the rule and consider the implications of this disagreement. If one reads Section 7.3 narrowly, as banning media comments without interview and consent, but allowing such comments in institutional settings, then the general principle articulated in the text and often repeated in the media begins to appear insubstantial...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619038/the-experiences-of-women-with-maternal-near-miss-and-their-perception-of-quality-of-care-in-kelantan-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee, Zaharah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was suggested as a more useful indicator for the evaluation and improvement of maternal health services. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of the quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach with in-depth interview method was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617903/association-between-patient-review-of-systems-score-and-somatization
#9
Tyler Stephen Okland, Joseph Robert Gonzalez, Alexander Thomas Ferber, Scott Edward Mann
Importance: Somatization is a condition in which psychological distress is manifested by medically unexplained symptoms, and it is prevalent in all medical specialties, including otolaryngology. Recognition of somatization can be difficult, and there are limited methods available. Objectives: To determine whether patients with somatization respond differently to the review of systems (ROS) portion of the patient interview and whether the ROS can be used to identify patients with somatization...
June 15, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617204/is-the-clinical-high-risk-state-a-valid-concept-retrospective-examination-in-a-first-episode-psychosis-sample
#10
Jai L Shah, Anne Crawford, Sally S Mustafa, Srividya N Iyer, Ridha Joober, Ashok K Malla
OBJECTIVE: One reason for worldwide interest in the clinical high-risk (CHR) state for psychosis is its potential as a target for prevention. However, the feasibility and utility of early intervention initiatives that are focused on this stage involve an untested assumption: that most patients with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) experience earlier CHR symptoms. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the proportion of FEP patients who had experienced such symptoms prior to the onset of their psychosis...
June 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617047/interpersonal-rejection-sensitivity-mediates-the-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-two-high-risk-outcomes
#11
Caitlin A Williams, James D Doorley, Christianne Esposito-Smythers
BACKGROUND: Previous research has demonstrated a strong link between peer victimization and suicidal ideation and aggression. This study examined interpersonal rejection sensitivity as a mediator of these associations. METHOD: Diagnostic interviews and assessments were administered to 80 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents. RESULTS: Interpersonal rejection sensitivity mediated the association between peer victimization and suicidal ideation as well as aggression after controlling for participant sex and mood disorder diagnosis...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615544/evidence-of-associations-between-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-serum-levels-and-gene-polymorphisms-with-tinnitus
#12
Aysun Coskunoglu, Seda Orenay-Boyacioglu, Artuner Deveci, Mustafa Bayam, Ece Onur, Arzu Onan, Fethi S Cam
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms are associated with abnormalities in regulation of BDNF secretion. Studies also linked BDNF polymorphisms with changes in brainstem auditory-evoked response test results. Furthermore, BDNF levels are reduced in tinnitus, psychiatric disorders, depression, dysthymic disorder that may be associated with stress, conversion disorder, and suicide attempts due to crises of life. For this purpose, we investigated whether there is any role of BDNF changes in the pathophysiology of tinnitus...
May 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614368/barriers-and-facilitators-of-adherence-to-antidepressants-among-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-qualitative-study
#13
Siew Ching Ho, Sabrina Anne Jacob, Balamurugan Tangiisuran
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in treating major depressive disorder (MDD) is patients' non-adherence to medication. This study aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators of patients' adherence to antidepressants among outpatients with MDD. METHODS: Semi-structured and individual in-depth interviews were conducted among patients with MDD who were taking antidepressants, in the psychiatric clinic of a government-run hospital in Malaysia. Participants were purposively sampled from different genders and ethnicities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613093/the-offense-as-perceived-by-the-parents-of-forensic-psychiatric-patients
#14
Riitta Askola, Olavi Louheranta, Päivi Soininen, Hanna Putkonen, Päivi Åstedt-Kurki, Eija Paavilainen
This study aims to describe the views of forensic psychiatric patients' parents, and especially how they feel about the patient's offense. The data analyzed was collected by interviews with forensic psychiatric patients' parents and analyzed by inductive content analysis. The findings suggest that the offense committed has a significant effect on the lives of parents of forensic psychiatric patients and in many ways these people felt like a marginalized group even though they were frequently a major resource for their child who had been taken into forensic psychiatric care...
June 14, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613018/a-pilot-study-on-the-chinese-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-in-detecting-feigned-mental-disorders-simulators-classified-by-using-the-structured-interview-of-reported-symptoms
#15
Yi-Ting Chang, Wai-Cheong C Tam, Yung-Jong Shiah, Shih-Kuang Chiang
The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is often used in forensic psychological/psychiatric assessment. This was a pilot study on the utility of the Chinese MMPI-2 in detecting feigned mental disorders. The sample consisted of 194 university students who were either simulators (informed or uninformed) or controls. All the participants were administered the Chinese MMPI-2 and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms-2 (SIRS-2). The results of the SIRS-2 were utilized to classify the participants into the feigning or control groups...
June 14, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609692/childhood-maltreatment-psychopathology-and-well-being-the-mediator-role-of-global-self-esteem-attachment-difficulties-and-substance-use
#16
Hanne K Greger, Arne K Myhre, Christian A Klöckner, Thomas Jozefiak
Childhood maltreatment is known to be associated with a broad variety of psychopathology and deteriorated well-being in adolescent populations. In the present nationwide study, we aimed to explore global self-esteem, attachment difficulties and substance use as possible mediators of these associations in a high-risk adolescent population. We included 400 adolescents (aged 12-20 years) living in residential youth care in Norway (response rate 67%). The participants completed a semistructured psychiatric interview (Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA)), a study-specific questionnaire, a revised version of the Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents (SPPA) and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents (KINDL-R)...
June 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608713/a-case-study-seclusion-and-restraint-in-psychiatric-care
#17
Marie-Hélène Goulet, Caroline Larue
A wide breadth of research has recognized that seclusion and restraint affects patients, staff, and organizations alike. Therefore, it is essential to understand the viewpoints of all stakeholders to improve practices. The study aimed to understand the context in which seclusion and restraint practices are employed based on the perceptions of staff and inpatients in a psychiatric ward. A case study was performed using a participatory approach. Methods included a 56-hr immersion in the practice setting and individual interviews with staff and patients ( n = 17)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607641/lessons-learned-from-the-study-of-masturbation-and-its-comorbidity-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-the-first-analytic-study
#18
Ashraf Tashakori, Atefeh Safavi, Sorour Neamatpour
BACKGROUND: The main source of information about children's masturbation is more on the basis of case reports. Due to the lack of consistent and accurate information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine prevalence and underlying factors of masturbation and its comorbidity with psychiatric disorders in children. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, among the children referred to the Pediatrics Clinic of Psychiatric Ward, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Southwest Iran, 98 children were selected by convenience sampling in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606500/is-there-a-specific-psychiatric-background-or-personality-profile-in-functional-dystonia
#19
Aleksandra Tomić, Igor Petrović, Danilo Pešić, Marija Mitković Vončina, Marina Svetel, Nataša Dragašević Mišković, Aleksandra Potrebić, Dušica Lečić Toševski, Vladimir S Kostić
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify if there was a specific difference between patients with functional dystonia (DysF) and those with adult-onset, isolated idiopathic ("primary") dystonia (DysP) in terms of psychiatric disorders, psychological stressor, dissociation correlates, and personality traits. METHODS: Thirty-nine clinically definite DysF and 30 DysP patients matched by age, gender and dystonia distribution underwent psychiatric interview based on DSM-5 criteria and additional testings for global cognitive and psychiatric functions (Mini-Mental State Examination, Hamilton Depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, Apathy Scale, Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20, Dissociative Experiences Scale II, and the five-dimensional Revised Neuroticism-Extroversion-Openness Personality Inventory)...
June 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604808/a-korean-validation-study-of-the-clinically-useful-anxiety-outcome-scale-comorbidity-and-differentiation-of-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders
#20
Sang Won Jeon, Changsu Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Seoyoung Yoon, Chi-Un Pae, Joonho Choi, Jae-Min Kim, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Hoseon Lee, Ashwin A Patkar, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Clinically Useful Anxiety Outcome Scale (CUXOS) and to examine the current diagnostic comorbidity and differential severity of anxiety symptoms between major depressive disorder (MDD) and anxiety disorders. METHODOLOGY: In total, 838 psychiatric outpatients were analyzed at their intake appointment. Diagnostic characteristics were examined using the structured clinical interview from the DSM-IV because the DSM5 was not available at the start of the study...
2017: PloS One
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