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Psychiatric assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042906/low-mood-in-a-sample-of-5-12-year-old-child-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Katri Maasalo, Jaana Wessman, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. The study sample was a subsample of all 1251 patients attending a child psychiatric outpatient clinic at Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2015 formed by excluding 4 year-old and 13 year-old patients and those with missing or incomplete data...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042894/genetic-association-of-the-period3-per3-clock-gene-with-bipolar-disorder
#2
Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Simone Becho Campos, Fernando Silva Neves, Humberto Corrêa da Silva Filho
OBJECTIVE: Circadian rhythms have been linked to psychiatric disorders such as Depression and Bipolar Disorder (BD). Given previous evidences of sleep/circadian disturbances as well as the genetic susceptibility for BD, we decided to investigate the possible link between the PERIOD3 (Per3) circadian gene and BD. METHODS: This is a genetic association case (BD) vs. control study of the Per3 gene. We further subdivided our BD sample into "good sleepers" (PSQI ≤5) and "poor sleepers" (PSQI>5) according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) global score, and then we assessed genetic association of the Per3 gene with sleep quality in the BD group...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042881/clinical-validation-of-the-psychotic-depression-assessment-scale-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-6-and-brief-psychiatric-rating-scale-5-results-from-the-clinical-research-center-for-depression-study
#3
Seon-Cheol Park, Eun Young Jang, Jae-Min Kim, Tae-Youn Jun, Min-Soo Lee, Jung-Bum Kim, Hyeon-Woo Yim, Yong Chon Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the psychotic depression assessment scale (PDAS), which includes the six-item melancholia subscale from the Hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD-6) and the five-item psychosis subscale from the brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS-5). Data from the Clinical Research Center for Depression (CRESCEND) study, which is a 52-week naturalistic trial, were analyzed. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with psychotic depression from the CRESCEND study met our inclusion criteria...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041838/psychodermatology-liaison-clinic-in-india-a-working-model
#4
Nupur Goyal, Shrutakirthi Shenoi, Smitha S Prabhu, K Sreejayan, Ravindra Munoli, Shweta Rai
Literature reports suggest that up to 30% of dermatology patients have associated psychiatric co-morbidity. A psychodermatology liaison (PD) clinic is essential to deal with such patients, which is almost non-existent in the Indian scenario. In order to report the working pattern of such a clinic and to determine its efficacy with the help of Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Short Assessment of Patient Satisfaction (SAPS) questionnaires, we investigated patients with suspected psychocutaneous diseases in an open-labelled two-year prospective study...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040948/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-community-functioning-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#5
Alan H L Chan, Samuel Y S Wong, Wai-Tong Chien
The present study analyzed the community functioning among Chinese people with common mental disorders and their relationships with different factors under the framework of Model of Human Occupation. The research team followed up a stratified random sample of 238 patients in three public psychiatric specialist outpatient clinics in Hong Kong in one year. The patients completed assessments at baseline and 12-month follow-up in four areas of community functioning (i.e., self-care, independent living skills, social skills, and work skills), self-esteem, self-efficacy, physical functioning, behavioral regulation, mental states, family expressed emotion, and perceived social stigma...
October 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038682/depression-as-a-moderator-of-stair-narrative-therapy-for-women-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-childhood-abuse
#6
Marylene Cloitre, Donn W Garvert, Brandon J Weiss
Background: Depression among those who have experienced childhood abuse is associated with earlier onset, more persistent and severe symptoms, more frequent relapse, and poorer treatment outcomes across a variety of psychiatric disorders. In addition, individuals with a history of childhood abuse are more likely to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) co-occurring with depression. Objective: This study evaluated whether severity of depression moderated the outcome in a PTSD treatment for childhood abuse survivors...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038680/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-moderates-the-relationship-between-trauma-exposure-and-chronic-pain
#7
J Siqveland, T Ruud, E Hauff
Background: Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are risk factors for chronic pain. Objective: This study investigated how exposure to intentional and non-intentional traumatic events and PTSD are related to pain severity and outcome of treatment in chronic pain patients. Methods: We assessed exposure to potentially traumatizing events, psychiatric diagnosis with structured clinical interview, and pain severity in 63 patients at a secondary multidisciplinary pain clinic at the beginning of treatment, and assessed level of pain at follow up...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037972/sex-differences-in-circuits-activated-by-corticotropin-releasing-factor-in-rats
#8
Madeleine Salvatore, Kimberly Wiersielis, Sandra Luz, David Waxler, Seema Bhatnagar, Debra A Bangasser
Women are more likely than men to suffer from psychiatric disorders characterized by corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) hypersecretion, suggesting sex differences in CRF sensitivity. In rodents, sex differences in the sensitivity of specific brain regions to CRF have been identified. However, regions do not work in isolation, but rather form circuits to coordinate distinct responses to stress. Here we examined whether CRF activates different circuits in male and female rats. Following central administration of CRF or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF), neuronal activation in stress-related areas was assessed using cFOS...
October 13, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#9
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036855/diagnostic-criteria-for-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness-pppd-consensus-document-of-the-committee-for-the-classification-of-vestibular-disorders-of-the-b%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-ny-society
#10
Jeffrey P Staab, Annegret Eckhardt-Henn, Arata Horii, Rolf Jacob, Michael Strupp, Thomas Brandt, Adolfo Bronstein
This paper presents diagnostic criteria for persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) to be included in the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders (ICVD). The term PPPD is new, but the disorder is not. Its diagnostic criteria were derived by expert consensus from an exhaustive review of 30 years of research on phobic postural vertigo, space-motion discomfort, visual vertigo, and chronic subjective dizziness. PPPD manifests with one or more symptoms of dizziness, unsteadiness, or non-spinning vertigo that are present on most days for three months or more and are exacerbated by upright posture, active or passive movement, and exposure to moving or complex visual stimuli...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036721/blood-based-protein-changes-in-childhood-are-associated-with-increased-risk-for-later-psychotic-disorder-evidence-from-a-nested-case-control-study-of-the-alspac-longitudinal-birth-cohort
#11
Jane A English, Lorna M Lopez, Aoife O'Gorman, Melanie Föcking, Magdalena Hryniewiecka, Caitriona Scaife, Sophie Sabherwal, Kieran Wynne, Patrick Dicker, Bart P F Rutten, Glynn Lewis, Stanley Zammit, Mary Cannon, Gerard Cagney, David R Cotter
The identification of early biological changes associated with the psychotic disorder (PD) is important as it may provide clues to the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. We undertook the first proteomic profiling of blood plasma samples of children who later develop a PD. Participants were recruited from the UK Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort who also participated in psychiatric assessment interviews at age 18. Protein expression levels at age 11 were compared between individuals who developed PD at age 18 (n = 37) with population-based age-matched controls (n = 38)...
July 27, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036672/convergence-and-divergence-of-brain-network-dysfunction-in-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#12
Miao Yu, Zhengjia Dai, Xiaowei Tang, Xiang Wang, Xiaobin Zhang, Weiwei Sha, Shuqiao Yao, Ni Shu, Xindi Wang, Jiaying Yang, Xiangyang Zhang, Xiangrong Zhang, Yong He, Zhijun Zhang
Deficit schizophrenia (DS), characterized by primary and enduring negative symptoms, has been considered as a pathophysiologically distinct schizophrenic subgroup. Neuroimaging characteristics of DS, especially functional brain network architecture, remain largely unknown. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and graph theory approaches were employed to investigate the topological organization of whole-brain functional networks of 114 male participants including 33 DS, 41 non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) and 40 healthy controls (HCs)...
July 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036523/stress-dependent-association-between-polygenic-risk-for-schizophrenia-and-schizotypal-traits-in-young-army-recruits
#13
Alex Hatzimanolis, Dimitrios Avramopoulos, Dan E Arking, Anna Moes, Pallav Bhatnagar, Todd Lencz, Anil K Malhotra, Stella G Giakoumaki, Panos Roussos, Nikolaos Smyrnis, Panos Bitsios, Nicholas C Stefanis
Schizotypal personality traits may increase proneness to psychosis and likely index familial vulnerability to schizophrenia (SZ), implying shared genetic determinants with SZ. Here, we sought to investigate the contribution of common genetic risk variation for SZ on self-reported schizotypy in 2 ethnically homogeneous cohorts of healthy young males during compulsory military service, enrolled in the Athens Study of Proneness and Incidence of Schizophrenia (ASPIS, N = 875) and the Learning on Genetics of Schizophrenia Spectrum study (LOGOS, N = 690)...
June 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035759/the-beliefs-about-voices-questionnaire-revised-a-factor-structure-from-450-participants
#14
Clara Strauss, Kenneth Hugdahl, Flavie Waters, Mark Hayward, Josef J Bless, Liv E Falkenberg, Bodil Kråkvik, Arve Egil Asbjørnsen, Erik Johnsen, Igne Sinkeviciute, Rune A Kroken, Else-Marie Løberg, Neil Thomas
Hallucinated voices are common across psychiatric and non-clinical groups. The predominant cognitive theory about the impact of voices posits that beliefs about voice power ('Omnipotence') and voice intent ('Malevolence'/'Benevolence') play a key role in determining emotional and behavioral reactions. The revised Beliefs about Voices Questionnaire (BAVQ-R) was designed to assess these constructs, together with two styles of responding (Engagement and Resistance). The BAVQ-R is widely used in clinical and research settings, yet it has not received validation of its constructs and factor structure...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034692/psychiatric-impairment-ratings-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
John Kasinathan, Teresa Flower, Yolisha Singh, Scott Harden
OBJECTIVES: It is accepted practice in Australia and New Zealand for psychiatric impairment rating scales to be applied for persons claiming psychiatric injury. These scales were derived for adults, not children. There is less clarity as to whether and how these scales may be applied for children claiming psychiatric injury. METHODS: We review Australian and New Zealand guidelines and methods for assessing permanent psychiatric impairment, as they apply to children and adolescents...
October 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034527/age-of-onset-or-age-at-assessment-that-is-the-question-estimating-newly-incident-alcohol-drinking-and-rapid-transition-to-heavy-drinking-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#16
Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
Age-specific incidence estimates are important and useful facts in psychiatric epidemiology, but incidence estimation can be challenging. Methods artifacts are possible. In the United States, where the minimum legal drinking age is 21 years, recent cross-sectional field research on 12- to 25-year-olds applied conventional "age-at-assessment" approaches (AAA) for incidence estimation based on 12-month recall. Estimates disclosed unexpected nonlinear patterns in age-specific incidence estimates for both drinking onset and for transitioning from first drink to heavy drinking...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033639/a-survey-focusing-on-lucid-dreaming-metacognition-and-dream-anxiety-in-medical-students
#17
Çağdaş Yokuşoğlu, Mücahit Atasoy, Nurgül Tekeli, Ahmet Ural, Çağla Ulus, Yunus Taylan, Gülser Aydin, Gözde Gültekin, Murat Emül
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to examine the level of lucidity and its relation with metacognitive beliefs and dream anxiety in medical students. METHODS: Nine hundred sixteen medical students were enrolled in the study. The participants were assessed with the Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale (LuCiD), the Metacognition Questionnaire-30 (MCQ-30), and the Van Dream Anxiety Scale (VDAS). RESULTS: There was no significant difference in mean total lucidity score between females and males, but there were some significant sex differences in subscales of lucidity, and control was significantly higher in male students, while realism, thought, and dissociation were significantly higher in female students...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033126/vertigo-and-dizziness-in-hospital-attendance-flow-and-characteristics-of-patients
#18
Carmen Bécares Martínez, Marta M Arroyo Domingo, Aurora López Llames, Jaime Marco Algarra, María M Morales Suárez-Varela
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Vertigo and dizziness as symptoms are frequent in the population. They are present in a wide range of pathologies and it is usually difficult to make an accurate diagnosis. The general objective of this study is to obtain the information to evaluate vertigo and dizziness in the hospital setting. The specific objectives are: to estimate the burden of these symptoms at the hospital; to study patients' conditions and to detail the flow of these patients inside the hospital...
October 12, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033017/neurocognitive-and-psychological-outcomes-in-adults-with-dextro-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-corrected-by-the-arterial-switch-operation
#19
Leïla Kasmi, Johanna Calderon, Michèle Montreuil, Nikoletta Geronikola, Virginie Lambert, Emrè Belli, Damien Bonnet, David Kalfa
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental impairments have frequently been described in children and adolescents with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). The arterial switch operation (ASO) to correct d-TGA has been used for more than 30 years, and more than 90% of these patients now reach adulthood. However, very little is known about their long-term functional outcomes. The present study investigated neurocognitive outcomes and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adults with d-TGA corrected by ASO...
October 12, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032807/a-comparison-of-the-severe-cognitive-impairment-rating-scale-with-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-delirium-rating-scale-revised-98-for-delirium-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
So-Hyun Ahn, Jin-Hoon Choi, Chae-Sung Im, Tae-Sung Kim, Jeong Lan Kim
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment including attention deficits, disorientation, memory impairment, language disturbance, and impaired visuospatial ability are core symptoms of delirium. The Severe Cognitive Impairment Rating Scale (SCIRS) was developed to assess cognition in patients with severe dementia, but may also be useful in elderly people with delirium. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of the SCIRS to assess cognition in elderly patients with delirium. METHODS: We recruited 147 participants, aged ≥65 years, referred for psychiatric consultation at a tertiary-care university hospital...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatics
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