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Psychiatric assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917080/association-between-cortical-gaba-and-loudness-dependence-of-auditory-evoked-potentials-ldaep-in-humans
#1
Christine Wyss, Desmond H Y Tse, Frank Boers, Jon Shah N, Irene Neuner, Wolfram Kawohl
Loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) is a widely used electroencephalography (EEG) based biomarker for central serotonergic activity. Serotonin has been shown to be associated with different psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Despite its clinical significance, the underlying neurochemical mechanism of this promising marker is not fully understood and further research is needed to improve its validity. Other neurotransmitters might have a significant impact on this measure...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916826/response-to-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-informed-consent
#2
David Brendel
A patient's rights to informed consent and self-determination in psychiatric treatment are well enshrined, but the same rights have not yet been meaningfully extended to patients with regard to psychiatric diagnosis. Andrew Clark's essay entitled "Psychiatric Diagnoses and Informed Consent" in The Journal of Clinical Ethics empowers both psychiatrists and patients to rethink who "owns" the process of clinical assessment and of bestowing diagnostic labels that may have far-reaching consequences...
2018: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916032/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-comorbid-mental-disorders-adhd-specific-self-rating-scales-in-differential-diagnostics
#3
M Paucke, T Stark, C Exner, C Kallweit, U Hegerl, M Strauß
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear how well the established attention deficit-hyperactive disorder (ADHD)-specific rating scales can differentiate between ADHD symptoms and symptoms of other mental disorders. METHODS: A total of 274 patients with suspected adult ADHD were extensively examined clinically and guideline-conform in an ADHD outpatient clinic. In 190 patients the diagnosis of ADHD could be made with certainty. The patients were also subsequently assessed according to the DSM IV criteria by self-rating scales on current (ADHS-SB, ASRS, CAARS) and retrospective (WURS-K) complaints...
June 18, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915728/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-among-children-in-rural-and-suburban-areas-of-eastern-uttar-pradesh-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shailendra Kumar Mishra, Mona Srivastava, Narendra K Tiwary, Abhinit Kumar
Background: Psychiatric morbidity in children and adolescents is a major concern as they become more complex and intense with children's transition into adolescence. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess and compare the prevalence of depression and anxiety among children residing in rural and suburban area of eastern Uttar Pradesh and understand the burden of these problems in our society. Materials and Methods: Children, in the age group 11-18 years, were divided into 2 groups: Group I - 100 children from rural area Tikri; Group II - 100 children from suburban area Sunderpur...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915555/working-memory-related-effective-connectivity-in-huntington-s-disease-patients
#5
Jacob Lahr, Lora Minkova, Sarah J Tabrizi, Julie C Stout, Stefan Klöppel, Elisa Scheller
Huntington's disease (HD) is a genetically caused neurodegenerative disorder characterized by heterogeneous motor, psychiatric, and cognitive symptoms. Although motor symptoms may be the most prominent presentation, cognitive symptoms such as memory deficits and executive dysfunction typically co-occur. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and task fMRI-based dynamic causal modeling (DCM) to evaluate HD-related changes in the neural network underlying working memory (WM). Sixty-four pre-symptomatic HD mutation carriers (preHD), 20 patients with early manifest HD symptoms (earlyHD), and 83 healthy control subjects performed an n -back fMRI task with two levels of WM load...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914430/injuries-prior-and-subsequent-to-index-poisoning-with-medication-among-adolescents-a-national-study-based-on-norwegian-patient-registry
#6
Ping Qin, Shihua Sun, Anne Seljenes Bøe, Barbara Stanley, Lars Mehlum
BACKGROUND: Adolescents treated for self-poisoning with medication have a high prevalence of mental health problems and constitute a high-risk population for self-harm repetition. However, little is known about whether this population is also prone to injuries of other forms. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Norwegian Patient Registry to include all incidents of treated injuries in adolescents aged 10-19 years who were treated for self-poisoning with medication during 2008-2011...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913634/pain-psychology-specialist-training-2012-2014
#7
P Soini, A Valjakka, S Tuurinkoski, M Elomaa, T Väänänen, V Hägg
AimsThe training includes learning the practical skills related to the psychological examination, treatment and rehabilitation of pain patients. The completion of the training prepares for work in multiprofessional teams as a specialist in pain psychology. A joint project of the Finnish Association of the Study of Pain and the Psychology Institute since 2008. ParticipantsPsychologists working in public, private or occupational health care, in rehabilitation or psychiatric clinics. The fourth training group of 20 psychologists started in the spring of 2012...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913376/compulsive-buying-in-paris-psychology-students-assessment-of-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains
#8
David Duroy, Olivier Sabbagh, Ariane Baudel, Michel Lejoyeux
Compulsive buying is associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity, such as personality disorders. Few studies have focused on the dimensional model of personality disorders in compulsive buying. We aimed to assess the eventual presence of personality dysfunctions in compulsive buying according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 5th edition (DSM-5) dimensional conception of personality disorders. We screened online compulsive buying (QABB), characterized purchasing behavior and explored DSM-5 personality trait domains (Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form [PID-5-BF]) in 233 Paris psychology students using an online self-reporting questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913083/risk-factors-for-recurrent-neurotrauma-a-population-based-study-in-southeastern-michigan
#9
R David Hayward, Mary M Fessler, Joseph Buck, Richard D Fessler
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown an increased risk of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for individuals who suffer an initial TBI. The current study hypothesized that individuals with recurrent neurotrauma would originate from populations considered 'vulnerable', i.e. low income and/or with psychiatric comorbidities. METHODS: Data from the Michigan State Inpatient Database from 2006 to 2014 for the Detroit metropolitan area enlisted a study population of 50 744 patients with neurotrauma...
June 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911759/medical-cognitive-and-psychiatric-characteristics-in-a-large-israeli-cohort-of-individuals-with-williams-syndrome
#10
Chen Dror, Amanda Sinai, Doron Gothelf
BACKGROUND: Williams syndrome (WS) is a neurogenetic syndrome characterized by a variety of medical conditions and cognitive deficits along with distinct psychiatric and behavioral characteristics. To the best of our knowledge, no studies to date have comprehensively reported the prevalence of medical, cognitive deficits, and psychiatric disorders in one cohort of people with WS in one study. OBJECTIVES: To detail the prevalence of the various clinical features of WS in a large nationwide Israeli cohort...
June 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910727/caffeine-and-selective-adenosine-receptor-antagonists-as-new-therapeutic-tools-for-the-motivational-symptoms-of-depression
#11
REVIEW
Laura López-Cruz, John D Salamone, Mercè Correa
Major depressive disorder is one of the most common and debilitating psychiatric disorders. Some of the motivational symptoms of depression, such anergia (lack of self-reported energy) and fatigue are relatively resistant to traditional treatments such as serotonin uptake inhibitors. Thus, new pharmacological targets are being investigated. Epidemiological data suggest that caffeine consumption can have an impact on aspects of depressive symptomatology. Caffeine is a non-selective adenosine antagonist for A1 /A2A receptors, and has been demonstrated to modulate behavior in classical animal models of depression...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909778/unwell-in-hospital-but-not-incapable-cross-sectional-study-on-the-dissociation-of-decision-making-capacity-for-treatment-and-research-in-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-related-psychoses
#12
Benjamin Walter Jack Spencer, Tania Gergel, Matthew Hotopf, Gareth S Owen
BACKGROUND: Consent to research with decision-making capacity for research (DMC-R) is normally a requirement for study participation. Although the symptoms of schizophrenia and related psychoses are known to affect decision-making capacity for treatment (DMC-T), we know little about their effect on DMC-R.AimsWe aimed to determine if DMC-R differs from DMC-T in proportion and associated symptoms in an in-patient sample of people with schizophrenia and related psychoses. METHOD: Cross-sectional study of psychiatric in-patients admitted for assessment and/or treatment of schizophrenia and related psychoses...
June 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909660/-effectivity-of-the-nissen-fundoplication-and-the-influencing-factors-of-the-success-results-at-the-medical-centre-of-p%C3%A3-cs-depending-on-the-indications-and-symptoms
#13
Péter Varjú, Örs Péter Horváth, András Papp, Noémi Gede, József Czimmer
INTRODUCTION: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases in developed countries. Besides the conservative modalities, surgery plays an increasing role in the treatment of the disease. AIM: Our aim was to investigate and compare the surgical and 6-month follow-up data of patients to the literature (quality control), who underwent Nissen fundoplication in the Medical Centre of Pécs between 2007 and 2014, and to assess the factors (especially psychiatric comorbidity and antidepressants) influencing the success...
June 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909013/impact-and-prevalence-of-physical-and-verbal-violence-toward-healthcare-workers
#14
Lisa J Rosenthal, Ashley Byerly, Adrienne D Taylor, Zoran Martinovich
BACKGROUND: Threatening and assaultive behaviors against healthcare workers is a growing national concern.1,2,3 To assess the incidence and impact of aggression against healthcare workers, a safety and quality improvement project was initiated in an academic, tertiary care, and urban hospital. METHODS: Through the Northwestern Academy of Quality and Safety Initiatives program, an invitation to complete an online survey was sent to healthcare workers. The survey inquired about prevalence, location, and type of experience of physical or verbal abuse by patients or families...
May 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908433/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-association-between-providing-nicotine-replacement-therapy-at-admission-and-motivation-to-quit-and-nicotine-withdrawal-symptoms-during-an-inpatient-psychiatric-hospitalization
#15
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Charles I Shelton, Milan Khara
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients have high tobacco use prevalence, dependence, and withdrawal severity. A tobacco-free psychiatric hospitalization necessitates the management of nicotine withdrawal (NW) for tobacco using patients. NW management often requires the provision of approved nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to patients, which may also motivate tobacco users towards cessation. However, few studies have examined the associations between providing NRT, motivation to quit, and NW among psychiatric patients...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907639/t-type-calcium-channels-in-the-orbitofrontal-cortex-mediate-sensory-integration-as-measured-using-a-spontaneous-oddity-task-in-rats
#16
Wendie N Marks, Madeline E Parker, Nadine K Zabder, Quentin Greba, Terrance P Snutch, John G Howland
The roles of low-voltage-activated (T-type) calcium channels in brain diseases have been studied extensively. Less is known regarding the involvement of T-type channels in cognition and behavior. Sensory integration (SI) is a cognitive process whereby the brain uses unimodal or multimodal sensory features to create a comprehensive representation of the environment. The multisensory object oddity (MSO) task assesses SI using combinations of sensory features of objects, either in the same or different sensory modalities...
July 2018: Learning & Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907492/polygenic-risk-score-genome-wide-association-and-gene-set-analyses-of-cognitive-domain-deficits-in-schizophrenia
#17
Soichiro Nakahara, Sarah Medland, Jessica A Turner, Vince D Calhoun, Kelvin O Lim, Bryon A Mueller, Juan R Bustillo, Daniel S O'Leary, Jatin G Vaidya, Sarah McEwen, James Voyvodic, Aysenil Belger, Daniel H Mathalon, Judith M Ford, Guia Guffanti, Fabio Macciardi, Steven G Potkin, Theo G M van Erp
This study assessed genetic contributions to six cognitive domains, identified by the MATRICS Cognitive Consensus Battery as relevant for schizophrenia, cognition-enhancing, clinical trials. Psychiatric Genomics Consortium Schizophrenia polygenic risk scores showed significant negative correlations with each cognitive domain. Genome-wide association analyses identified loci associated with attention/vigilance (rs830786 within HNF4G), verbal memory (rs67017972 near NDUFS4), and reasoning/problem solving (rs76872642 within HDAC9)...
June 12, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907299/the-effect-of-a-service-dog-on-salivary-cortisol-awakening-response-in-a-military-population-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd
#18
Kerri E Rodriguez, Crystal I Bryce, Douglas A Granger, Marguerite E O'Haire
Recent studies suggest a therapeutic effect of psychiatric service dogs for military veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but are limited by self-report biases. The current study assessed the effect of PTSD service dogs on the salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) and arousal-related functioning in a population of military veterans with PTSD. Participants included 73 post-9/11 military veterans with PTSD including 45 with a service dog and 28 on the waitlist to receive one. Saliva samples were collected on two consecutive weekday mornings at awakening and 30 min later to quantify the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and its area under the curve (AUCi) in addition to standardized survey measures of anxiety, anger, sleep quality and disturbance, and alcohol abuse...
April 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907143/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-binge-eating-disorder-and-suicidality
#19
Kristal Lyn Brown, Jessica Gokee LaRose, Briana Mezuk
BACKGROUND: While restrictive and compensatory eating disorders (e.g. anorexia and bulimia) are associated with elevated risk of suicide, less is known about binge eating disorder (BED). There is suggestive evidence of a U-shaped relationship between body mass index (BMI) and completed suicide, but fewer studies on suicidal ideation or attempts. This study examined the association between BED, BMI, and suicidality, and assessed whether these relationships varied by gender. METHODS: Data come from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiologic Surveys (N = 14,497)...
June 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905848/uraemic-symptom-burden-and-clinical-condition-in-women-and-men-of-%C3%A2-65-years-of-age-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-equal-study
#20
Moniek W M van de Luijtgaarden, Fergus J Caskey, Christoph Wanner, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Maurizio Postorino, Cynthia J Janmaat, Anirudh Rao, Claudia Torino, Marian Klinger, Christiane Drechsler, Olof Heimburger, Maciej Szymczak, Marie Evans, Friedo W Dekker, Kitty J Jager
Background: The epidemiology and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) differ by sex. We aimed to compare symptom prevalence and the clinical state in women and men of ≥65 years of age with advanced CKD receiving routine nephrology care. Methods: The European QUALity study on treatment in advanced chronic kidney disease (EQUAL) study follows patients from six European countries of ≥65 years of age  years whose estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) dropped to ≤20 mL/min/1...
June 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
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