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Psychiatric assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320179/multimodal-and-simultaneous-assessments-of-brain-and-spinal-fluid-abnormalities-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-the-effects-of-psychiatric-comorbidity
#1
Benjamin H Natelson, Xiangling Mao, Aaron J Stegner, Gudrun Lange, Diana Vu, Michelle Blate, Guoxin Kang, Eli Soto, Tolga Kapusuz, Dikoma C Shungu
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CFS patients without comorbid psychiatric diagnoses differ from CFS patients with comorbid psychiatric diagnoses and healthy control subjects in neuropsychological performance, the proportion with elevated spinal fluid protein or white cell counts, cerebral blood flow (CBF), brain ventricular lactate and cortical glutathione (GSH). The results of the study did not show any differences in any of the outcome measures between CFS patients with and without psychiatric comorbidity, thus indicating that psychiatric status may not be an exacerbating factor in CFS...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320164/impact-of-stn-dbs-on-mood-drive-anhedonia-and-risk-of-psychiatric-side-effects-in-the-population-of-pd-patients
#2
Anna Antosik-Wójcińska, Łukasz Święcicki, Monika Dominiak, Emilia Sołtan, Przemyslaw Bieńkowski, Tomasz Mandat
BACKGROUND: DBS is a surgical method of choice for various movement disorders, especially for Parkinson's disease (PD). Many publications showing improvement in motor symptoms and quality of life have been presented while there is little comprehensive research evaluation of the impact of DBS on mental state and psychiatric side-effects. OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of DBS on mood, drive, anhedonia and psychotic symptoms in the group of PD patients...
April 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319787/motor-impulsivity-differentiates-between-psychiatric-inpatients-with-multiple-versus-single-lifetime-suicide-attempts
#3
Victoria A Colborn, Jessica M LaCroix, Laura L Neely, Jennifer Tucker, Kanchana Perera, Samantha E Daruwala, Geoffrey Grammer, Jennifer Weaver, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
A history of multiple suicide attempts conveys greater risk for suicide than a single attempt. Impulsivity may partially explain the association between multiple attempts and increased risk. We examined trait impulsivity, ability to engage in goal-directed behaviors, and impulse control among psychiatrically hospitalized United States military personnel and their dependents. Individuals with a history of multiple versus single attempts had significantly higher motor impulsivity, indicating spur of the moment action...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319591/psychopathological-assessment-of-risk-of-restraint-in-acute-psychiatric-patients
#4
Federico Dazzi, Lorenzo Tarsitani, Michele Di Nunzio, Valeria Trincia, Gabriella Scifoni, Giuseppe Ducci
The study aims to identify independent predictors of physical restraint in acute psychiatric patients and to determine the predictive power of a risk assessment model centered on psychopathological dimensions. We included 1552 patients admitted to a psychiatric intensive care unit over a 5-year period. Patients were rated on the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-E) at admission. Principal axis factoring (PAF) with varimax rotation was performed on BPRS-E items to identify psychopathological factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319167/association-between-internet-addiction-and-depression-in-thai-medical-students-at-faculty-of-medicine-ramathibodi-hospital
#5
Thummaporn Boonvisudhi, Sanchai Kuladee
OBJECTIVE: To study the extent of Internet addiction (IA) and its association with depression in Thai medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital. Participants were first- to fifth-year medical students who agreed to participate in this study. Demographic characteristics and stress-related factors were derived from self-rated questionnaires. Depression was assessed using the Thai version of Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318346/use-of-patient-controlled-psychiatric-hospital-admissions-mental-health-professionals-perspective
#6
Trine Ellegaard, Mimi Mehlsen, Kirsten Lomborg, Vibeke Bliksted
BACKGROUND: In a patient-controlled admission (PCA) programme, the decision about hospital admission is made solely by the patient, with no gatekeeper function allocated to the mental health professionals (MHPs). Current knowledge about how MHPs experience and evaluate PCA is sparse. AIMS: This Danish multi-centre study examined the MHP assessment of the PCA programme in daily clinical practice, and compared PCA evaluations made by MHPs and patients. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and a survey conducted over the course of a year at all Danish mental health units included in the PCA programme...
March 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316273/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-brief-cognitive-remediation-targeting-metacognition-in-acute-inpatients-with-psychosis-a-case-series
#7
Dimosthenis Tsapekos, Rumina Taylor, Matteo Cella
Cognitive remediation (CR) is an intensive intervention targeting cognitive impairment with the aim of improving functioning in people with psychotic disorders. Shorter forms of CR based on metacognition and targeting awareness of cognitive problems may be more appropriate for acute inpatient settings where time is limited. The objective of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a new brief course of CR targeting cognitive and metacognitive difficulties within an acute inpatient psychiatric setting...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316064/depression-among-hiv-aids-patients-on-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-in-the-southwest-regional-hospitals-of-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Pleasure Atoh Ngum, Peter Nde Fon, Roland Cheofor Ngu, Vincent Siysi Verla, Henri Namme Luma
INTRODUCTION: HIV patients are now having longer life expectancies with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). However, the issue of mental illness has surfaced with depression being the most common in these patients, which has markedly reduced patient adherence to ART. In Cameroon, the management of HIV/AIDS does not incorporate psychiatric manifestations and depression is therefore underdiagnosed. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms and their association with adherence to ART among HIV/AIDS patients on HAART in the Southwest Regional Hospitals of Cameroon...
March 18, 2017: Neurology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315808/benzodiazepine-z-drug-and-pregabalin-prescriptions-and-mortality-among-patients-in-opioid-maintenance-treatment-a-nation-wide-register-based-open-cohort-study
#9
Tove Abrahamsson, Jonas Berge, Agneta Öjehagen, Anders Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Use of sedatives may increase risk of death in opioid users. The aim of the study was to assess whether prescription of sedatives may be associated with mortality in patients in opioid maintenance treatment. METHODS: This retrospective register-based open cohort study included nation-wide register data including all individuals who were dispensed methadone or buprenorphine as opioid maintenance treatment for opioid dependence between July, 2005 and December, 2012 (N=4501)...
February 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315757/chronic-social-stress-leads-to-altered-sleep-homeostasis-in-mice
#10
Nadja Olini, Iru Rothfuchs, Damiano Azzinnari, Christopher R Pryce, Salome Kurth, Reto Huber
Disturbed sleep and altered sleep homeostasis are core features of many psychiatric disorders such as depression. Chronic uncontrollable stress is considered an important factor in the development of depression, but little is known on how chronic stress affects sleep regulation and sleep homeostasis. We therefore examined the effects of chronic social stress (CSS) on sleep regulation in mice. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were implanted for electrocortical recordings (ECoG) and underwent either a 10-day CSS protocol or control handling (CON)...
March 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314910/the-relationship-between-the-dopaminergic-system-and-depressive-symptoms-in-cervical-dystonia
#11
E Zoons, M A J Tijssen, Y E M Dreissen, J D Speelman, M Smit, J Booij
PURPOSE: Cervical dystonia (CD) is associated with tremor/jerks (50%) and psychiatric complaints (17-70%). The dopaminergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology of CD in animal and imaging studies. Dopamine may be related to the motor as well as non-motor symptoms of CD. CD is associated with reduced striatal dopamine D2/3 (D2/3) receptor and increased dopamine transporter (DAT) binding. There are differences in the dopamine system between CD patients with and without jerks/tremor and psychiatric symptoms...
March 17, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314209/pharmaceuticals-removal-and-microbial-community-assessment-in-a-continuous-fungal-treatment-of-non-sterile-real-hospital-wastewater-after-a-coagulation-flocculation-pretreatment
#12
J A Mir-Tutusaus, E Parladé, M Llorca, M Villagrasa, D Barceló, S Rodriguez-Mozaz, M Martinez-Alonso, N Gaju, G Caminal, M Sarrà
Hospital wastewaters are a main source of pharmaceutical active compounds, which are usually highly recalcitrant and can accumulate in surface and groundwater bodies. Fungal treatments can remove these contaminants prior to discharge, but real wastewater poses a problem to fungal survival due to bacterial competition. This study successfully treated real non-spiked, non-sterile wastewater in a continuous fungal fluidized bed bioreactor coupled to a coagulation-flocculation pretreatment for 56 days. A control bioreactor without the fungus was also operated and the results were compared...
March 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314093/clinical-impact-of-pharmacogenetic-guided-treatment-for-patients-exhibiting-neuropsychiatric-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Marilyn C Olson, Alejandra Maciel, Jean Francois Gariepy, Ali Cullors, Juan-Sebastian Saldivar, David Taylor, Joel Centeno, Jorge A Garces, Sandeep Vaishnavi
Objective: Pharmacogenetic testing holds promise as a personalized medicine tool by permitting individualization of pharmacotherapy in accordance with genes influencing therapeutic response, side effects, and adverse events. The authors evaluated the effect on outcomes for patients diagnosed with neuropsychiatric disorders of pharmacogenetics (PGx)-guided treatment compared to usual standard of care. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized study of 237 patients at an outpatient community-based psychiatric practice conducted between April 2015 and October 2015...
March 16, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303534/chronic-tobacco-smoking-on-psychopathological-symptoms-impulsivity-and-cognitive-deficits-in-hiv-infected-individuals
#14
Linda Chang, Ahnate Lim, Eric Lau, Daniel Alicata
HIV-infected individuals (HIV+) has 2-3 times the rate of tobacco smoking than the general population, and whether smoking may lead to greater psychiatric symptoms or cognitive deficits remains unclear. We evaluated the independent and combined effects of being HIV+ and chronic tobacco-smoking on impulsivity, psychopathological symptoms and cognition. 104 participants [27 seronegative (SN)-non-Smokers, 26 SN-Smokers, 29 HIV+ non-Smokers, 22 HIV+ Smokers] were assessed for psychopathology symptoms (Symptom Checklist-90, SCL-90), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale, CES-D), impulsivity (Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, BIS), decision-making (The Iowa Gambling Task, IGT, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, WCST), and cognition (seven neurocognitive domains)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303445/interactive-effect-of-parent-and-adolescent-psychiatric-symptoms-on-substance-use-among-adolescents-in-community-treatment
#15
Lourah M Kelly, Sara J Becker, Jennifer C Wolff, Hannah Graves, Anthony Spirito
Both adolescent and parent psychiatric symptoms are well-established risk factors for adolescent substance use (SU), but the ways that these symptoms interact are not well understood. This study examined the interactive effects of parent and adolescent psychiatric symptoms on adolescent frequency of alcohol and marijuana use, over and above the effects of parental SU. Seventy adolescents presenting to a community mental health center (CMHC) participated. Parent and adolescent psychiatric symptoms were measured with the brief symptom inventory (BSI) and child behavior checklist (CBCL), respectively...
March 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303373/viral-mediated-overexpression-of-the-myelin-transcription-factor-1-myt1-in-the-dentate-gyrus-attenuates-anxiety-and-ethanol-related-behaviors-in-rats
#16
Amine Bahi, Jean-Luc Dreyer
RATIONALE: Myelin Transcription Factor 1 (MyT1), a member of the Zinc Finger gene family, plays a fundamental role in the nervous system. Recent research has suggested that this transcription factor is associated with the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders including addiction, schizophrenia, and depression. However, the role of MyT1 in anxiety- and ethanol-related behaviors is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effects of lentiviral-mediated overexpression of MyT1 in the dentate gyrus (DG) on anxiety- and ethanol-related behaviors in rats...
March 16, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302702/predictive-accuracy-of-risk-scales-following-self-harm-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Leah Quinlivan, Jayne Cooper, Declan Meehan, Damien Longson, John Potokar, Tom Hulme, Jennifer Marsden, Fiona Brand, Kezia Lange, Elena Riseborough, Lisa Page, Chris Metcalfe, Linda Davies, Rory O'Connor, Keith Hawton, David Gunnell, Nav Kapur
BackgroundScales are widely used in psychiatric assessments following self-harm. Robust evidence for their diagnostic use is lacking.AimsTo evaluate the performance of risk scales (Manchester Self-Harm Rule, ReACT Self-Harm Rule, SAD PERSONS scale, Modified SAD PERSONS scale, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale); and patient and clinician estimates of risk in identifying patients who repeat self-harm within 6 months.MethodA multisite prospective cohort study was conducted of adults aged 18 years and over referred to liaison psychiatry services following self-harm...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302698/relationship-between-national-mental-health-expenditure-and-quality-of-care-in-longer-term-psychiatric-and-social-care-facilities-in-europe-cross-sectional-study
#18
Tatiana Taylor Salisbury, Helen Killaspy, Michael King
BackgroundIt is not known whether increased mental health expenditure is associated with better outcomes.AimsTo estimate the association between national mental health expenditure and (a) quality of longer-term mental healthcare, (b) service users' ratings of that care in eight European countries.MethodNational mental health expenditure (per cent of health budget spent on mental health) was calculated from international sources. Multilevel models were developed to assess associations with quality of care and service user experiences of care using ratings of 171 facility managers and 1429 service users...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302595/behavioral-indicators-on-a-mobile-sensing-platform-predict-clinically-validated-psychiatric-symptoms-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#19
Skyler Place, Danielle Blanch-Hartigan, Channah Rubin, Cristina Gorrostieta, Caroline Mead, John Kane, Brian P Marx, Joshua Feast, Thilo Deckersbach, Alex Sandy Pentland, Andrew Nierenberg, Ali Azarbayejani
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for real-time tracking of behavioral indicators of mental disorders. Mobile sensing platforms that objectively and noninvasively collect, store, and analyze behavioral indicators have not yet been clinically validated or scalable. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to report on models of clinical symptoms for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression derived from a scalable mobile sensing platform. METHODS: A total of 73 participants (67% [49/73] male, 48% [35/73] non-Hispanic white, 33% [24/73] veteran status) who reported at least one symptom of PTSD or depression completed a 12-week field trial...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302351/does-a-primary-health-clinic-for-formerly-incarcerated-women-increase-linkage-to-care
#20
Diane S Morse, John L Wilson, James M McMahon, Ann M Dozier, Anabel Quiroz, Catherine Cerulli
OBJECTIVE: This study examined a primary care-based program to address the health needs of women recently released from incarceration by facilitating access to primary medical, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Peer community health workers recruited women released from incarceration within the past 9 months into the Women's Initiative Supporting Health Transitions Clinic (WISH-TC). Located within an urban academic medical center, WISH-TC uses cultural, gender, and trauma-specific strategies grounded in the self-determination theory of motivation...
March 13, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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