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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904625/an-intriguing-case-of-gallstone-ileus-after-hepaticojejunostomy-caused-by-a-stone-on-a-suture
#1
Mahir Gachabayov, Petr Mityushin
Gallstone ileus (GI) is a mechanical obstruction of small or large bowel caused by gallstone passed to the intestinal lumen through spontaneous or postoperative biliodigestive fistula. A 42-year-old female patient was admitted with the clinical presentation of small bowel obstruction. She underwent hepaticojejunostomy 4 years prior to admission for primary sclerosing cholangitis. Barium meal follows through revealed Rigler's triad. The patient underwent laparotomy which revealed GI. A "stone on a suture" was removed through enterotomy...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900290/female-athletes-and-menstrual-disorders-a-pilot-study
#2
Laura Stefani, Giorgio Galanti, Silvia Lorini, Giada Beni, Metella Dei, Nicola Maffulli
BACKGROUND: There is a greater incidence of menstrual disorders in female athletes than in their sedentary counterparts. The menstrual disorder is reported in female athletes suffering from athletic triad syndrome, while few data in those free of this syndrome are available. The study aims to ascertain the presence of menstrual disorders and the eventual relationship with myocardial performance in female athletes practicing different sports. METHODS: A sample of 64 subjects aged 18...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895948/pediatric-balint-s-syndrome-variant-a-possible-diagnosis-in-children
#3
Swetha Sara Philip, Sunithi Elizabeth Mani, Gordon N Dutton
Balint's syndrome is well described in adults, but not in children. It is caused by bilateral posterior parietal lobe damage and comprises a triad of simultanagnosia (inability to simultaneously see more than a small number of items), optic ataxia (impaired visual guidance of movement of the limbs and body), and apraxia of gaze (inability to volitionally direct gaze despite the requisite motor substrate) often associated with homonymous lower visual field loss. We, here, describe five children (four males, one female; mean age 7...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878206/new-findings-on-venous-thrombogenesis
#4
James R Byrnes, Alisa S Wolberg
Venous thrombosis (VT) is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death worldwide. Complications from VT and pulmonary embolism are the leading cause of lost disability-adjusted life years. Risks include genetic (e.g., non-O blood group, activated protein C resistance, hyperprothrombinemia) and acquired (e.g., age, surgery, cancer, pregnancy, immobilisation, female hormone use) factors. Pathophysiologic mechanisms that promote VT are incompletely understood, but involve abnormalities in blood coagulability, vessel function, and flow (so-called Virchow's Triad)...
November 23, 2016: Hämostaseologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876028/clinical-assessment-of-children-with-renal-abscesses-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Chun-Yu Chen, Huang-Tsung Kuo, Yu-Jun Chang, Kang-Hsi Wu, Wen-Chieh Yang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Renal abscesses are relatively uncommon in children but may result in prolonged hospital stays and life-threatening events. We undertook this study to analyze the clinical spectrum of renal abscesses in children admitted to the pediatric emergency department (ED) and to find helpful clinical characteristics that can potentially aid emergency physicians for detecting renal abscesses in children earlier. METHODS: From 2004 to 2011, we retrospectively analyzed 17 patients, aged 18 years or younger, with a definite diagnosis of renal abscess admitted to the ED...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869419/-klippel-feil-syndrome-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-bifid-thumb-and-cerebral-angiolipoma
#6
Eliéxer Urdaneta Carruyo, Gustavo Rojas Zerpa, Adriana Urdaneta Contreras, Malvy Maldonado Alviarez, Miguel Brito Rodríguez
The Klippel-Feil syndrome is a congenital malformation of the skull flap involving complex cervical vertebrae and organs, characterized by a classic triad: short neck, limitation of movement of the head due to cervical spine fusion and low hairline in occipital region. It results from an error in the axial skeleton segmentation of the embryo; its incidence is estimated at 1/40,000-42,000 births and predominates in females. The aim of this paper is to describe the clinical picture of a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and multiple malformations, including tracheoesophageal fistula, bifid thumb and intracranial lipomas/angiolipomas,that have not been previously described in the syndrome, so it is considered an exceptional finding...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835588/expressions-of-mir-30c-and-let-7a-are-inversely-correlated-with-hmga2-expression-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-vulva
#7
Antonio Agostini, Marta Brunetti, Ben Davidson, Claes G Trope, Sverre Heim, Ioannis Panagopoulos, Francesca Micci
Malignant tumors of the vulva, most of them squamous cell carcinomas, account for only 5% of cancers of the female genital tract. Though little is known about the genetic features of these tumors, the Fragile Histidine Triad (FHIT) and High Mobility Group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) genes were found deregulated. We wanted to gain more knowledge about the expression of HMGA2-related miRNAs such as miR-30c and let-7a, and whether a correlation exists between the expression of FHIT and HMGA2, in this tumor type. An inverse correlation was found in-as-much as HMGA2 was highly expressed (mean fold change 8...
November 7, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834535/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-comorbidity-trajectories-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#8
Mary Jo Pugh, Erin P Finley, Chen-Pin Wang, Laurel A Copeland, Carlos A Jaramillo, Alicia A Swan, Christine A Elnitsky, Luci K Leykum, Eric M Mortensen, Blessen A Eapen, Polly H Noel, Jacqueline A Pugh
OBJECTIVES: To identify and validate trajectories of comorbidity associated with traumatic brain injury in male and female Iraq and Afghanistan war Veterans (IAV). METHODS: Derivation and validation cohorts were compiled of IAV who entered the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care and received 3 years of VA care between 2002-2011. Chronic disease and comorbidities associated with deployment including TBI were identified using diagnosis codes. A latent class analysis (LCA) of longitudinal comorbidity data was used to identify trajectories of comorbidity...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821574/bone-health-in-athletes-the-role-of-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones
#9
Marci A Goolsby, Nicole Boniquit
CONTEXT: The health of the skeletal system is important for athletes young and old. From the early benefits of exercise on bones to the importance of osteoporosis prevention and treatment, bone health affects the ability to be active throughout life. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: PubMed articles dating from 1986 to 2016 were used for the review. Relevant terms such as keywords and section titles of the article were searched and articles identified were reviewed for relevance to this article...
November 7, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761344/form-and-function-of-long-range-vocalizations-in-a-neotropical-fossorial-rodent-the-anillaco-tuco-tuco-ctenomys-sp
#10
Juan Pablo Amaya, Juan I Areta, Veronica S Valentinuzzi, Emmanuel Zufiaurre
The underground environment poses particular communication challenges for subterranean rodents. Some loud and low-pitched acoustic signals that can travel long distances are appropriate for long-range underground communication and have been suggested to be territorial signals. Long-range vocalizations (LRVs) are important in long-distance communication in Ctenomys tuco-tucos. We characterized the LRV of the Anillaco Tuco-Tuco (Ctenomys sp.) using recordings from free-living individuals and described the behavioral context in which this vocalization was produced during laboratory staged encounters between individuals of both sexes...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736236/harsh-parenting-and-serotonin-transporter-and-bdnf-val66met-polymorphisms-as-predictors-of-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#11
Kalsea J Koss, E Mark Cummings, Patrick T Davies, Susan Hetzel, Dante Cicchetti
Depressive symptoms are prevalent and rise during adolescence. The present study is a prospective investigation of environmental and genetic factors that contribute to the growth in depressive symptoms and the frequency of heightened symptoms during adolescence. Participants included 206 mother-father-adolescent triads (M age at Time 1 = 13.06 years, SD = .51, 52% female). Harsh parenting was observationally assessed during a family conflict paradigm. DNA was extracted from saliva samples and genotyped for the 5-HTTLPR and BDNF Val66Met polymorphisms...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721026/knowledge-attitude-and-skill-of-high-school-coaches-with-regard-to-the-female-athlete-triad
#12
Kathleen J Pantano
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge high school coaches have about the female athlete triad and to determine if gender differences in knowledge, attitudes and behaviors exist. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Survey SETTING: Twenty-six high schools in and around the vicinity of Cleveland, Ohio, USA PARTICIPANTS: Two-hundred currently employed high school coaches INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed a 30-question survey that assessed knowledge, attitudes and behaviors coaches had about the female athlete triad...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616893/prevalence-and-determinants-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-general-medical-outpatient-clinics-using-national-cholesterol-education-program-adult-treatment-panel-iii-criteria-in-botswana
#13
Bernard Omech, Jose-Gaby Tshikuka, Julius C Mwita, Billy Tsima, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Kennedy Amone-P'Olak
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries, including Botswana, are facing rising prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic complications. Very little information is known about clustering of cardiovascular risk factors in the outpatient setting during routine visits. We aimed to assess the prevalence and identify the determinants of metabolic syndrome among the general outpatients' attendances in Botswana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August to October 2014 involving outpatients aged ≥20 years without diagnosis of diabetes mellitus...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611723/the-international-mood-network-imn-nosology-project-differentiating-borderline-personality-from-bipolar-illness
#14
P A Vöhringer, S A Barroilhet, K Alvear, S Medina, C Espinosa, K Alexandrovich, P Riumallo, F Leiva, M E Hurtado, J Cabrera, M Sullivan, N Holtzman, S N Ghaemi
OBJECTIVE: The differential diagnosis of bipolar illness vs. borderline personality is controversial. Both conditions manifest impulsive behavior, unstable interpersonal relationships, and mood symptoms. This study examines whether and which mood clinical features can differentiate between both conditions. METHOD: A total of 260 patients (mean ± standard deviation age 41 ± 13 years, 68% female) attending to a mood clinic were examined for diagnosis of bipolar illness and borderline personality disorder using SCID-I, SCID-II, and clinical mood criteria extracted from Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ)...
December 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586452/prognostic-factors-in-patients-hospitalized-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#15
Avinash Agarwal, Ambuj Yadav, Manish Gutch, Shuchi Consul, Sukriti Kumar, Ved Prakash, Anil Kumar Gupta, Annesh Bhattacharjee
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is characterized by a biochemical triad of hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia. This condition is life-threatening despite improvements in diabetic care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and biochemical prognostic markers of DKA. We assessed correlations in prognostic markers with DKA-associated morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy patients that were hospitalized with DKA over a period of 2 years were evaluated clinically and by laboratory tests...
September 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547499/hint1-gene-deficiency-enhances-the-supraspinal-nociceptive-sensitivity-in-mice
#16
Fei Liu, Jing Ma, Peng Liu, Zheng Chu, Gang Lei, Xiao-di Jia, Jia-Bei Wang, Yong-Hui Dang
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have indicated a possible role of histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1) on sustaining the regulatory crosstalk of N-methyl-D-aspartate acid glutamate receptors (NMDARs) and G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) such as the μ-opioid receptor (MOR). Both receptors are present in the midbrain periaqueductal gray neurons, an area that plays a central role in the supraspinal antinociceptive process. METHODS: In the present study, a battery of pain-related behavioral experiments was applied to Hint1 knockout, heterozygous and wild-type mice...
August 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535946/reporting-crimes-to-the-police-depends-on-relationship-networks-effects-of-ties-among-victims-advisors-and-offenders
#17
Lauren K Knoth, R Barry Ruback
A victim's decision to report a crime to the police is typically made after talking with someone else, usually a friend or relative, but sometimes a stranger. The advice this person gives depends primarily on the seriousness of the crime, and to some extent on the gender and age of the victim. The present research, which used experimental vignettes, examined the role of social networks in reporting: How do the relationships among a victim, the advisor, and the offender affect the advice to report or not to report a violent or nonviolent crime? Results from Study 1 indicated that relationships matter: Crimes are least likely to be reported if the offender is part of the same triad as the victim and the advisor, and crimes are most likely to be reported if the victim, the advisor, and the offender are all strangers...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512206/co-occurrence-of-erythrosis-pigmentosa-mediofacialis-and-erythromelanosis-follicularis-faciei-et-colli-associated-with-keratosis-pilaris-in-an-adolescent-female
#18
Sarita Kalwaniya, Manjaree Morgaonkar, Savera Gupta, Suresh Kumar Jain
Erythromelanosis follicularis faciei et colli (EFFC) is a rare disease characterized by a triad of reddish-brown pigmentation, erythema and follicular papules localized on face and neck and is usually described in males. Erythrosis pigmentosa mediofacialis (also known as Brocq or erythrosis pigmentosa peribuccalis) is a similar disorder of the mediofacial area but with female predominance. We report a case of simultaneous occurrence of erythrosis pigmentosa peribuccalis and EFFC associated with keratosis pilaris in an adolescent female...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506760/clinical-and-endocrine-characteristics-and-genetic-analysis-of-korean-children-with-mccune-albright-syndrome-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Eun-Kyung Cho, Jinsup Kim, Aram Yang, Chang-Seok Ki, Ji-Eun Lee, Sung Yoon Cho, Dong-Kyu Jin
BACKGROUND: McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disease defined by the triad of fibrous dysplasia (FD), café au lait spots, and peripheral precocious puberty (PP). Because of the rarity of this disease, only a few individuals with MAS have been reported in Korea. We describe the various clinical and endocrine manifestations and genetic analysis of 14 patients with MAS in Korea. METHODS: Patients' clinical data-including peripheral PP, FD, and other endocrine problems-were reviewed retrospectively...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485428/comparing-different-sequential-mediational-interpretations-of-beck-s-cognitive-model-of-depression-in-adolescents
#20
Patrick Pössel
Depression is a developmental phenomenon with significantly increasing rates during adolescence. As Beck's cognitive model of depression has been commonly accepted to explain the development and maintenance of depression, it is crucial to understand how and when cognitive vulnerabilities predicted in this model begin to interact. Three sequential interpretations of this model were compared. The causal mediational interpretation identifies dysfunctional attitudes as most distal to depressive symptoms, followed by cognitive errors, cognitive triad, and negative automatic thoughts, with each construct successively more proximal to depressive symptoms...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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