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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546530/quotidian-high-spiking-fevers-in-adult-still-s-disease
#1
Jessica L Feuerstein, David E Klein, Mark A Mikhitarian, Anuj Mehta
BACKGROUND Adult Still's disease (ASD) is a rare systemic inflammatory condition, which commonly presents with the triad of quotidian fevers, rash, and non-specific rheumatologic symptoms such as myalgia and arthralgia. The etiology and pathogenesis are poorly understood and both the clinical presentation and laboratory data are typically nonspecific. As such, the presentation is often confused with infection, other autoimmune processes, and malignancy. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 29-year-old Hispanic female who presented with fever, sore throat, myalgia, and shortness of breath...
May 26, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538496/committee-opinion-no-702-female-athlete-triad
#2
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538492/committee-opinion-no-702-summary-female-athlete-triad
#3
(no author information available yet)
The female athlete triad is a medical condition observed in physically active females involving three components: 1) low energy availability with or without disordered eating, 2) menstrual dysfunction, and 3) low bone density. An individual does not need to show clinical manifestations of all three components of the female athlete triad simultaneously to be affected by the condition. Consequences of these clinical conditions may not be completely reversible, so prevention, early diagnosis, and intervention are critical...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488950/is-ross-syndrome-an-autoimmune-entity-a-case-series-of-11-patients
#4
Ajay Kumar Mishra, Meban Kharkongor, Cijoy K Kuriakose, Anu Anna George, Dincy Peter, Ronal Albert Benton Carey, Vivek Mathew, Samuel George Hansdak
BACKGROUND: Ross syndrome is diagnosed by the presence of segmental anhidrosis, areflexia, and tonic pupils. Fewer than 60 cases have been described in literature so far. There have been reports of presence of antibodies in such patients, suggesting an autoimmune pathogenesis. METHODS: We describe the clinical profile in this case series of 11 patients with Ross syndrome and discuss the current status of autoimmunity in its pathogenesis and the management. RESULTS: Of the 11 patients with Ross syndrome there was an almost equal sex distribution (male:female ratio was 1...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442811/vulvo-vaginal-ano-gingival-syndrome-another-variant-of-mucosal-lichen-planus
#5
Nidhi Sharma, S K Malhotra, Madhu Kuthial, K S Chahal
Vulvo-vagino-gingival syndrome was described as a distinctive pattern of erosive plurimucosal lichen planus (LP), and it is a clinical triad of vulval, vaginal, and gingival LP. It can lead to sequelae such as vaginal and urethral stenosis which can have severe implications on the quality of life. We report a case of a 40-year-old female who developed urethral, vaginal, as well as anal stenosis as a result of long-term exclusive mucosal LP involving vulvo-vaginal and anal mucosa along with oral LP without any other cutaneous involvement...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442226/female-athlete-triad-at-breaking-point
#6
Martin Duignan, Niall O'Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439995/scleromyxoedema-in-a-dog
#7
Aurore F Laprais, Petra Bizikova, Erin W Lashnits, Alison Tucker, Keith E Linder
BACKGROUND: In humans, scleromyxoedema is a chronic progressive skin condition traditionally characterized by deposits of mucin, increased number of fibroblasts and fibrosis in the skin, and by systemic disease. Thyroid disease is typically absent. A monoclonal gammopathy is usually present, as are other comorbidities. Descriptions of scleromyxoedema in the veterinary literature are limited to a single feline case. One dog, previously reported as having papular mucinosis, exhibited features that matched the more current diagnostic criteria of scleromyxoedema...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439058/-calcium-and-bone-metabolism-across-women-s-life-stages-stress-fracture-in-female-athletes
#8
Kazuyoshi Yagishita
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes, especially in long-distance runner, jumping sports and gymnastics in female athletes. The pathology of stress fracture mainly includes repeated biomechanical loading, which leads to bone micro-damage and failure of bone structure. Female athlete triad(FAT), which includes low energy availability with or without an eating disorder, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, is a serious healthcare concern in female athletes. For prevention and treatment of stress fracture, management of biomechanical factors modifying the load applied to a bone is important, and especially in female athletes, management for FAT is one of the important factors...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418539/ophthalmic-manifestations-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-colombia-and-venezuela
#10
Juan B Yepez, Felipe A Murati, Michele Pettito, Carlos F Peñaranda, Jazmin de Yepez, Gladys Maestre, J Fernando Arevalo
Importance: The ocular manifestations and sequelae of Zika virus infection are not well known. Recently, the World Health Organization changed the declaration of Zika as a public health emergency and designated the viral outbreak and related microcephaly clusters as a long-term program of work. This change indicates the urgent need to evaluate and document ophthalmic manifestations in patients for timely management of this disease. In addition, confirmation whether the public health problem in Brazil extends to other regions in South America is needed...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414756/reduction-in-the-copy-number-and-expression-level-of-the-recurrent-human-papillomavirus-integration-gene-fragile-histidine-triad-fhit-predicts-the-transition-of-cervical-lesions
#11
Liming Wang, Hui Shen, Bei Feng, Da Zhu, Lan Yu, Xun Tian, Ci Ren, Chun Gao, Xiaomin Li, Ding Ma, Zheng Hu, Hui Wang
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in females worldwide, especially in developing countries. High risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection causes cervical cancer and precancerous cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Integration of the HR-HPV genome into the host chromatin is an important step in cervical carcinogenesis. The detection of integrated papillomavirus sequences-PCR (DIPS-PCR) allowed us to explore HPV integration in the human genome and to determine the pattern of this integration...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290159/the-unexplored-crossroads-of-the-female-athlete-triad-and-iron-deficiency-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Dylan L Petkus, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Mary Jane De Souza
Despite the severity and prevalence of iron deficiency in exercising women, few published reports have explored how iron deficiency interacts with another prevalent and severe condition in exercising women: the 'female athlete triad.' This review aims to describe how iron deficiency may interact with each component of the female athlete triad, that is, energy status, reproductive function, and bone health. The effects of iron deficiency on energy status are discussed in regards to thyroid function, metabolic fuel availability, eating behaviors, and energy expenditure...
March 13, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289056/expression-and-trafficking-of-placental-micrornas-at-the-feto-maternal-interface
#13
Guojing Chang, Jean-François Mouillet, Takuya Mishima, Tianjiao Chu, Elena Sadovsky, Carolyn B Coyne, W Tony Parks, Urvashi Surti, Yoel Sadovsky
During pregnancy, placental trophoblasts at the feto-maternal interface produce a broad repertoire of microRNA (miRNA) species. These species include miRNA from the primate-specific chromosome 19 miRNA cluster (C19MC), which is expressed nearly exclusively in the placenta. Trafficking of these miRNAs among the maternal, placental, and fetal compartments is unknown. To determine miRNA expression and trafficking patterns during pregnancy, we sequenced miRNAs in triads of human placenta and of maternal and fetal blood and found large subject-to-subject variability, with C19MC exhibiting compartment-specific expression...
March 13, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287681/the-preparticipation-physical-evaluation
#14
Patrick J Lehman, Rebecca L Carl
With rising rates of sports participation among children and adolescents, pediatricians are increasingly being called upon to perform preparticipation physical evaluations (PPEs) for young athletes. The purpose of this review article is to discuss the general structure of a comprehensive PPE and how the PPE differs from a typical health maintenance visit. The PPE focuses attention on screening for cardiac conditions that predispose athletes to sudden cardiac death with exercise. This review also addresses the debate over whether electrocardiogram screening should be a routine required part of the PPE...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276832/the-incidence-and-outcome-of-ischemic-colitis-in-a-population-based-setting
#15
Y Yngvadottir, B R Karlsdottir, J P Hreinsson, G Ragnarsson, R U M Mitev, J G Jonasson, P H Möller, E S Björnsson
OBJECTIVE: Population-based studies on patients with ischemic colitis (IC) are limited. We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcome of patients with IC. METHODS: A retrospective nationwide study was conducted on adult patients with histologically confirmed IC in 2009-2013 in Iceland. IC patients were matched for age and gender with patients hospitalized with lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Data were collected on clinical presentation, comorbidities, smoking habits, management and outcome...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250773/meretoja-s-syndrome-lattice-corneal-dystrophy-gelsolin-type
#16
I Casal, S Monteiro, C Abreu, M Neves, L Oliveira, M Beirão
Lattice corneal dystrophy gelsolin type was first described in 1969 by Jouko Meretoja, a Finnish ophthalmologist. It is caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in gelsolin gene resulting in unstable protein fragments and amyloid deposition in various organs. The age of onset is usually after the third decade of life and typical diagnostic triad includes progressive bilateral facial paralysis, loose skin, and lattice corneal dystrophy. We report a case of a 53-year-old female patient referred to our Department of Ophthalmology by severe dry eye and incomplete eyelid closure...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213754/low-energy-availability-menstrual-dysfunction-and-low-bone-mineral-density-in-individuals-with-a-disability-implications-for-the-para-athlete-population
#17
REVIEW
Cheri A Blauwet, Emily M Brook, Adam S Tenforde, Elizabeth Broad, Caroline H Hu, Eliza Abdu-Glass, Elizabeth G Matzkin
Low energy availability, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea, and low bone mineral density are three interrelated conditions described in athletic women. Although described as the female athlete triad (Triad), males experience similar health concerns. The literature suggests that individuals with a disability may experience altered physiology related to these three conditions when compared with the able-bodied population. The goal of this review is to describe the unique implications of low energy availability, low bone mineral density, and, in females, menstrual dysfunction in individuals with a disability and their potential impact on the para athlete population...
February 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213614/reproductive-dysfunction-and-associated-pathology-in-women-undergoing-military-training
#18
REVIEW
Robert M Gifford, R M Reynolds, J Greeves, R A Anderson, D R Woods
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from civilian athletes raises the question of whether reproductive dysfunction may be seen in female soldiers as a result of military training. Such reproductive dysfunction consists of impaired ovulation with or without long-term subfertility. METHODS: A critical review of pertinent evidence following an extensive literature search. RESULTS: The evidence points towards reduced energy availability as the most likely explanation for exercise-induced reproductive dysfunction...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197218/polysomnographic-findings-in-infants-with-pierre-robin-sequence
#19
Abdullah Khayat, Saadoun Bin-Hassan, Suhail Al-Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is characterized by the triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and upper airway obstruction. It is commonly associated with the secondary cleft palate. Infants with PRS commonly have sleep-disordered breathing (SDB); including obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as central sleep breathing abnormalities that are present from infancy. AIM OF THE STUDY: Evaluate the prevalence and severity of SDB in infants with PRS using polysomnography (PSG)...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154368/adult-onset-still-s-disease-still-a-serious-health-problem-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Mojgan Agha-Abbaslou, Ana Maria Bensaci, Oluchi Dike, Mark C Poznansky, Arooj Hyat
BACKGROUND Adult-onset Still's Disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic inflammatory disease accompanied by a triad of spiking fever, maculopapular exanthema, and arthralgia. To date, there is no definite laboratory or imaging test available for diagnosing AOSD, and the diagnosis is one of exclusion, which can be very challenging. CASE REPORT We report on the case of a 53-year-old female who presented with fever, arthralgia, and abdominal pain. Her initial laboratory tests showed elevated AST and ALT, and normal leukocytes with bandemia...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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