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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#1
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135634/clearance-and-return-to-play-for-the-female-athlete-triad-clinical-guidelines-clinical-judgment-and-evolving-evidence
#2
Elizabeth A Joy, Aurelia Nattiv
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119040/giant-mucopyocele-associated-with-intracranial-hypertension-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Maick Willen Fernandes Neves, Luis Otavio Carneiro Pontelli, Luiz Gustavo de Abreu Mattos, Mariana Mazzuia Guimarães, Telmo Augusto Barba Belsuzarri, Tiago Fernandes Gonçales, Wolnei Marques Zeviani, Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar, João Flavio Mattos Araújo
Background: Mucoceles are epithelial lined sacs that contain mucous. Eventually, they can be infected and so called mucopyoceles, which are usually slow growing lesions with common bone destruction located in the facial sinus. Mucoceles show multivariate etiology and occur between the fourth and seventh decade of life. Case Description: Patient, 55-year-old, female, was referred unconscious with Cushing's triad to our department; she had fever since four days. The findings of skull computer tomography highlighted a large bifrontal lesion with an invasion of the rear wall of the frontal sinus, compression of the frontal lobes, and midline deviation...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100217/nontraumatic-emergency-laparotomy-surgical-principles-similar-to-trauma-need-to-be-adopted
#4
Deepak Singh-Ranger, Edmund Leung, Mei-Ling Lau-Robinson, Sean Ramcharan, James Francombe
OBJECTIVES: In 2011, the Royal College of Surgeons published Emergency Surgery: Standards for Unscheduled Care in response to variable clinical outcomes for emergency surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine whether different treatment modalities would alter survival. METHODS: All patients who underwent emergency laparotomy between April 2011 and December 2012 at Warwick Hospital (Warwick, UK) were included retrospectively. Information relating to their demographics; preoperative score; primary pathology; timing of surgery; intraoperative details; and postoperative outcome, including 30-day mortality, were collated for statistical analysis...
November 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089677/unilateral-renal-agenesis-with-subseptate-uterus-and-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-a-unique-triad
#5
Muhammad S Ahmed, Sheeza Imtiaz, Hina Pathan, Rahila Usman
Unilateral renal agenesis (URA) is a rare condition with a reported incidence of 0.93-1.8 per 1000 autopsies. It is commonly diagnosed as an incidental finding on imaging. URA is frequently associated with other genitourinary anomalies. Different associations have been described in both males and females, however, to our knowledge, it has not been reported with subseptate uterus (SSU) and sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) in the same individual. Here, we present a unique case of URA with SSU and SCT.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075577/effects-of-hint1-deficiency-on-emotional-like-behaviors-in-mice-under-chronic-immobilization-stress
#6
Liankang Sun, Peng Liu, Fei Liu, Yuan Zhou, Zheng Chu, Yuqi Li, Guang Chu, Ying Zhang, Jiabei Wang, Yong-Hui Dang
BACKGROUND: Histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1 (HINT1) is regarded as a haplo-insufficient tumor suppressor and is closely associated with diverse neuropsychiatric diseases. Moreover, HINT1 is related to gender-specific acute behavior changes in schizophrenia and in response to nicotine. Stress has a range of molecular effects in emotional disorders, which can cause a reduction in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression in the hippocampus, resulting in hippocampal atrophy and neuronal cell loss...
October 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071833/-amenorrhea-in-athletic-adolescents-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#7
Martine Jacot-Guillarmod, Cécile Diserens
The female athletic triad refers to the interaction between menstrual function, energy availability and bone density. When an imbalance appears between energy input and output, the global health of the athletic teenager is at risk of somatic and/or psychological complications as defined by the RED-S (Relative Energy Deficiency in Sports). In athletic girls menstrual disorder should be seen as an alert. It may be difficult to distinguish it from menstrual irregularity due to immature hypothalamic-hyphophysic-gonadal axis, which can be physiological at that age...
October 25, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057387/toward-solving-the-etiological-mystery-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#8
Atsushi Tanakaa, Patrick Sc Leung, Howard A Young, M Eric Gershwin
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is considered a model autoimmune disease due to its signature AMA autoantibody, female predominance and relatively specific portal infiltration and cholestasis. The identification and cloning of the major mitochondrial autoantigens, recognized by AMA, have served as an immunologic platform to identify the earliest events involved in loss of tolerance. Despite the relative high concordance rate in identical twins, genome wide association studies have not proven clinically useful and have led to suggestions of epigenetic events...
June 2017: Hepatol Commun
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049860/could-we-use-parent-report-as-a-valid-proxy-of-child-report-on-anxiety-depression-and-distress-a-systematic-investigation-of-father-mother-child-triads-in-children-successfully-treated-for-leukemia
#9
Cybelle Abate, Sarah Lippé, Laurence Bertout, Simon Drouin, Maja Krajinovic, Émélie Rondeau, Daniel Sinnett, Caroline Laverdière, Serge Sultan
BACKGROUND: Systematic assessment of emotional distress is recommended in after care. Yet, it is unclear if parent report may be used as a proxy of child report. The aim of this study was to assess agreements and differences and explore possible moderators of disagreement between child and parent ratings. METHODS: Sixty-two young survivors treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (9-18 years) and both parents responded to the Beck Youth Inventory (anxiety and depression) and the distress rating scale on the child's status...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028750/injuries-to-the-female-athlete-in-2017-part-i-general-considerations-concussions-stress-fractures-and-the-female-athlete-triad
#10
Rachel M Frank, Anthony A Romeo, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Bernard R Bach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027102/current-status-of-the-female-athlete-triad-update-and-future-directions
#11
REVIEW
Mary Jane De Souza, Kristen J Koltun, Clara V Etter, Emily A Southmayd
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an update on the primary clinical sequelae of the Female Athlete Triad. RECENT FINDINGS: Scientific advancements have contributed to improve understanding of Triad-related conditions, including leptin's role as a potential neuroendocrine link between energy status and reproductive function. Use of finite element analysis of HRpQCT imaging has provided a more accurate assessment of bone geometry and bone strength and may be clinically relevant...
October 11, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026366/trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-associated-with-the-use-of-synthetic-marijuana
#12
Fawad A Khan, Rinu Manacheril, Robin Ulep, Julie E Martin, Anil Chimakurthy
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is an uncommon disorder of the trigeminal nerve tract and trigeminal brainstem nucleus. The syndrome is characterized by a triad of unilateral crescentic ulcers with anesthesia and paresthesias of the involved trigeminal dermatomes. CASE REPORT: A 24-year-old right-handed black female presented to our emergency department with a 4-week history of rapidly progressive painless desquamation/denudation of skin over her right face and scalp...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017677/artery-of-percheron-infarct-ararity-not-to-be-missed
#13
Farheen Niazi, Sameen Bin Naeem
Artery of Percheron (AOP) is a rare vascular variant of posterior cerebral circulation and it supplies blood to the bilateral paramedian thalami and the rostral midbrain. Artery of Percheron infarct requires a comprehensive clinical and radiological examination. It can be easily overlooked due to normal CTfindings and wide range of differential diagnosis. Classic triad of presentation is altered mental status, memory impairment and the vertical gaze palsy. We report a case of a 66-year female who had sudden onset of severe vertigo, diplopia and ataxia...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969254/unusual-clinical-presentations-in-early-onset-childhood-sarcoidosis-a-correlation-or-coincidence
#14
Priyadarshini Sahu, Sudhanshu Sharma, Nidhi Sharma, Sarika Sharma, Shilpa Garg
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease which frequently affects young adults. Because of its rarity, the exact incidence and prevalence of childhood sarcoidosis is not known. It mostly affects children of older age group i.e., 13-15 years. Early onset sarcoidosis (<5 years) is characterized by a triad of arthritis, uveitis and rash. Late onset sarcoidosis present with a multisystem disease similar to adults, with frequent pulmonary infiltrations and lymphadenopathy. Herein, we report a case of early-onset childhood sarcoidosis in a four-year-old female along with uncommon clinical features like cutaneous ulceration, onycholysis and geographical tongue and its rarity in the literature...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931294/-carney-triad
#15
L Fiala, I Kocáková, R Šimůnek, E Krejčí, I Babánková, R Šefr
Carney triad is a synchronous or metachronous association of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), pulmonary chondroma and extra-adrenal paraganglioma. The majority of patients have only one or two components of the triad, all three tumors being found in only about 2% of the patients at the time of the first diagnosis. The most common combination is gastric and pulmonary tumors. We report a case of Carney triad which was diagnosed at Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute. A 57-year-old female patient with a history of gastric resection for leiomyosarcoma at the age of 14 and with an unclear pulmonary lesion evident on chest X-ray since as early as 2003...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923296/malignant-transformation-of-oral-leukoplakia-in-a-patient-with-dyskeratosis-congenita
#16
Michelle Bongiorno, Shayna Rivard, Daniel Hammer, Joshua Kentosh
Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a rare, inherited, bone marrow failure syndrome caused by premature telomere shortening. The classic mucocutaneous triad of clinical features comprises reticulated skin pigmentation, nail dysplasia, and oral leukoplakia. Multiple somatic features, including bone marrow failure, pulmonary fibrosis, and liver disease, are also common. DC significantly increases the risk for malignant transformation, including myelodysplastic syndrome, acute myeloid leukemia, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, and anogenital cancer...
August 12, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886821/female-athlete-triad-future-directions-for-energy-availability-and-eating-disorder-research-and-practice
#17
REVIEW
Nancy I Williams, Siobhan M Statuta, Ashley Austin
Despite more than 3 decades of research on the Female Athlete Triad, research gaps remain. Although low energy availability (EA) is the key etiologic factor in the Triad and the pathways to low EA are varied, its effects can be modified by several factors. Accurate screening, diagnosis, and treatment of disordered eating are a challenge; however, recent techniques combined with novel educational and behavior interventions prove promising. Recently published practice-based guidelines have helped to translate Triad science and should improve as they are refined...
October 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879899/hyperekplexia-a-forgotten-diagnosis-clinched-by-next-generation-sequencing
#18
Meenakshi Lallar, Anukool Srivastava, Shubha R Phadke
Hyperekplexia is a rare early neonatal onset, potentially treatable, neurological disorder, characterized by a triad of immediate neonatal-onset stiffness, an exaggerated startle reflex in response to tactile or auditory stimuli followed by short periodical generalized stiffness. It is a monogenic genetically heterogeneous condition which can be potentially life threatening due to apneic episodes and is usually misdiagnosed as seizures. Here, we report two female siblings with hyperekplexia who were being treated by multiple antiepileptic medications for seizure-like episodes...
September 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877219/a-new-approach-to-chromosome-wide-analysis-of-x-linked-markers-identifies-new-associations-in-asian-and-european-case-parent-triads-of-orofacial-clefts
#19
Øivind Skare, Håkon K Gjessing, Miriam Gjerdevik, Øystein A Haaland, Julia Romanowska, Rolv T Lie, Astanand Jugessur
BACKGROUND: GWAS discoveries on the X-chromosome are underrepresented in the literature primarily because the analytical tools that have been applied were originally designed for autosomal markers. Our objective here is to employ a new robust and flexible tool for chromosome-wide analysis of X-linked markers in complex traits. Orofacial clefts are good candidates for such analysis because of the consistently observed excess of females with cleft palate only (CPO) and excess of males with cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867330/silencing-of-juvenile-hormone-epoxide-hydrolase-gene-nljheh-enhances-short-wing-formation-in-a-macropterous-strain-of-the-brown-planthopper-nilaparvata-lugens
#20
Jing Zhao, Yunlong Zhou, Xiang Li, Wanlun Cai, Hongxia Hua
The rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens, is an important migratory pest in many rice planting areas of Asia. The typical wing dimorphism of N. lugens gives them flexibility to adapt to different environmental cues. As an important hormone in the insect's endocrine regulation, juvenile hormone (JH) has previously been shown to participate in the wing morph determination of N. lugens. In this paper, we investigated the possible wing morph determination roles of two JH metabolic enzymes, JH esterase (JHE) and JH epoxide hydrolase (JHEH)...
October 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
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