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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904190/the-childbearing-experience-of-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran-a-phenomenological-study
#1
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29803059/surgery-related-coping-in-patients-with-intracranial-tumours
#2
Simone Goebel, Dominik Mederer, H Maximilian Mehdorn
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical brain tumour removal poses a unique threat for patients while also minimizing instrumental control. Thus, psychological processes utilized by patients in order to cope with surgery-related anxiety are of utmost importance. This is the first study to assess both nature and effectiveness of surgery-related coping efforts in neurooncological patients. METHOD: We included 70 inpatients with an intracranial tumour prior to neurosurgical treatment...
May 23, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733268/spiritual-well-being-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-study-from-iran
#3
Marzieh Hajiaghababaei, Hooshang Saberi, Parvin Rahnama, Ali Montazeri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between spiritual well-being and health-related quality of life (QOL) among patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and SCI Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A sample of patients with SCI participated in the study and completed two questionnaires: the Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) in order to collect data on vitality, social functioning, mental health and role emotional and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) to measure religious and existential well-being...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724990/knowledge-and-ethical-issues-in-organ-transplantation-and-organ-donation-perspectives-from-iranian-health-personnel
#4
Mahmoud Abbasi, Mehrzad Kiani, Mehdi Ahmadi, Bahare Salehi
BACKGROUND Organ transplantation is one of the most critical topics in medical ethics that is commonplace in various countries. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge and the ethical issues surrounding organ transplantation and organ donation among healthcare personnel in Tehran, Iran. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a cross-sectional study performed on 450 healthcare personnel, self-administered questionnaires were used to derive data from individuals. Among the 450 health personnel who received the questionnaires, 377 completed their questionnaires (83...
May 4, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719354/the-study-of-white-matter-hyperintensity-wmh-and-factors-related-to-geriatric-late-onset-depression
#5
Jinghua Wang, Wei Li, Ling Yue, Bo Hong, Na An, Guanjun Li, Shifu Xiao
Background: Geriatric depression is one of the most common and harmful mental illnesses seen in the elderly. However, there are few studies focusing on the relationship between late-onset depression (LOD) and social and psychological factors, as well as brain structure. Aims: To explore factors related to late-onset depression (LOD) in elderly patients. Methods: 24 first onset LOD patients over 60 years old (meeting ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for depression) and 23 non-depressed elders were selected for inclusion into this study...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607780/brain-death-in-intensive-care-units-problems-differences-in-methods-of-diagnosis-and-donor-care
#6
Aykut Sarıtaş, Burcu Acar Çinleti, Çiler Zincircioğlu, Uğur Uzun, Işıl Köse, Nimet Şenoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the most common problems in diagnosing brain death, the care of the organ donor, and organ donation after death. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was sent randomly to clinicians working in national intensive care units in Turkey. The survey, which consisted of 17 questions for clinicians, had 163 responders. RESULTS: The most common cause of brain death was traumatic brain injury. Although 22% of clinicians found the apnea test necessary for brain death diagnosis, 78% stated that it could be used as an optional confirmatory test...
April 2, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546854/many-faces-of-d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vu-a-narrative-review
#7
Marija Bošnjak Pašić, Emina Horvat Velić, Luka Fotak, Hanna Pašić, Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Davorka Milat, Helena Šarac, Sarah Bjedov, Željka Petelin GadŽe
French expression standing for the phrase "already seen" is a déjà vu. It is thought that as much as 97% of the population have experienced déjà vu at least once in their lifetime and 67% experience it regularly. The explanations of this phenomenon in novels and poems include reincarnation, dreams, organic factors, and unconscious memories. In this narrative review connection between déjà vu and various other conditions has been mentioned: false memories, temporal lobe epilepsy and other neurological conditions...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481662/a-common-dio2-polymorphism-and-alzheimer-disease-dementia-in-african-and-european-americans
#8
Elizabeth A McAninch, Kumar B Rajan, Denis A Evans, Sungro Jo, Layal Chaker, Robin P Peeters, David A Bennett, Deborah C Mash, Antonio C Bianco
Context: A common single nucleotide polymorphism in DIO2, Thr92AlaD2, has been associated with a transcriptome typically found in neurodegenerative diseases in postmortem human brain tissue. Objective: To determine whether Thr92AlaD2 is associated with incident Alzheimer disease (AD). Design: Population-based study; human brain tissue microarray. Setting: Community-based cohorts from Chicago and northeastern Illinois and religious clergymen from across the United States constituted the primary population...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473050/-cyp2c19-variant-mitigates-alzheimer-disease-pathophysiology-in-vivo-and-postmortem
#9
Andréa L Benedet, Lei Yu, Aurélie Labbe, Sulantha Mathotaarachchi, Tharick A Pascoal, Monica Shin, Min-Su Kang, Serge Gauthier, Guy A Rouleau, Judes Poirier, David A Bennett, Pedro Rosa-Neto
Objective: To verify whether CYP polymorphisms are associated with amyloid-β (Aβ) pathology across the spectrum of clinical Alzheimer disease using in vivo and postmortem data from 2 independent cohorts. Methods: A candidate-gene approach tested the association between 5 genes (28 single nucleotide polymorphisms) and Aβ load measured in vivo by the global [18 F]florbetapir PET standardized uptake value ratio (SUVR) in 338 Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative participants...
February 2018: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452127/serotonergic-psychedelics-and-personality-a-systematic-review-of-contemporary-research
#10
REVIEW
José Carlos Bouso, Rafael G Dos Santos, Miguel Ángel Alcázar-Córcoles, Jaime E C Hallak
Serotonergic psychedelics act as agonists at cortical 5-HT2A receptors and seem to induce personality changes. We conducted a systematic review of studies assessing the effects of these drugs on personality. Papers published from 1985-2016 were included from PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases. Three hundred and sixty-nine studies were identified, and 18 were included. Specific personality traits, such as Absorption and Self-Transcendence, seem to influence the effects of psychedelics, and psychedelic drug users and nonusers appear to differ in some personality traits...
April 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407290/update-on-causes-of-family-refusal-for-organ-donation-and-the-related-factors-reporting-the-changes-over-6-years
#11
M Mojtabaee, F Ghorbani, M Mohsenzadeh, F S Beigee
INTRODUCTION: After significant improvement of the family consent rate to organ donation (OD) in recent years, owing to an increase in cultural activities and social awareness, a plateau has been reached. This study was performed to detect the causes for this plateau. METHODS: We reviewed exact causes of family refusal after providing a list of failed potential donors from July 2015 to December 2016. The expert coordinators responsible for handling the failed cases chose the cause of refusal from the previously prepared list...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357760/do-spanish-medical-students-understand-the-concept-of-brain-death
#12
Antonio Ríos, A López-Navas, A López-López, F J Gómez, J Iriarte, R Herruzo, G Blanco, F J Llorca, A Asunsolo, P Sánchez, P R Gutiérrez, A Fernández, M T de Jesús, L Martínez Alarcón, M Del Olivo, L Fuentes, J R Hernández, J Virseda, J Yelamos, J A Bondía, A M Hernández, M A Ayala, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the level of understanding of the brain death concept among medical students in universities in Spain. METHODS: This cross-sectional sociological, interdisciplinary, and multicenter study was performed on 9598 medical students in Spain. The sample was stratified by geographical area and academic year. A previously validated self-reported measure of brain death knowledge (questionnaire Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante sobre la Donación y Transplante de Organos) was completed anonymously by students...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239048/drug-and-alcohol-treatment-providers-views-about-the-disease-model-of-addiction-and-its-impact-on-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Anthony I Barnett, Wayne Hall, Craig L Fry, Ella Dilkes-Frayne, Adrian Carter
ISSUES: Addiction treatment providers' views about the disease model of addiction (DMA), and their contemporary views about the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA), remain an understudied area. We systematically reviewed treatment providers' attitudes about the DMA/BDMA, examined factors associated with positive or negative attitudes and assessed their views on the potential clinical impact of both models. APPROACH: Pubmed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL Plus and Sociological Abstracts were systematically searched...
December 14, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206661/the-need-and-opportunity-for-donation-after-circulatory-death-worldwide
#14
Martí Manyalich, Helen Nelson, Francis L Delmonico
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global shortage of organ donors will not be resolved solely by relying on deceased donation following a brain death determination (DBD). Expansion of deceased donation after circulatory death (DCD) will be needed to address the shortfall of organs for transplantation. Approximately 120 000 organ transplants are performed each year; however, the WHO estimates that this number of transplants only resolves 10% of the annual worldwide transplant need. RECENT FINDINGS: The report addresses the opportunity of DCD expansion by evaluating the DCD potential that is not being realized, the utility of DCD enabling DBD to emerge in some clinical situations, by the effectiveness of a donor registry in achieving DCD, and by the current clinical research of heart, lung, and liver transplantation from DCD...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184514/brain-tumor-associated-psychosis-and-spirituality-a-case-report
#15
Lars Levi Dutschke, Sarah Steinau, Roland Wiest, Sebastian Walther
This case report describes a patient with a dysembryogenic neuroepithelial tumor localized in the posterior thalamus and internal capsule, which presented with psychosis including religiously determined severe self-mutilation, auditory hallucinations, and rituals. The patient's history includes periodic religiousness over decades of her life suggesting that spirituality in this case might be a symptom of tumor progression. Our case reports on the topology-related effect of lesions on different brain networks involved in the phenomenology of the patient's psychotic symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174049/neural-responses-to-one-s-own-name-under-mortality-threat
#16
Xiaoyue Fan, Shihui Han
Recent behavioral research has shown evidence for greater inclination to avoid symbolic cues of mortality threats in nonbelievers than Christians. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying religious influences on behavioral tendency to avoid mortality threats remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis of distinct arousal/attention-related brain responses to self-related information under mortality in nonbelievers and Christians. We recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) from Christians and nonbelievers while they viewed their own names and a stranger's name (i...
January 8, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159461/severe-hyperammonemic-encephalopathy-requiring-dialysis-aggravated-by-prolonged-fasting-and-intermittent-high-fat-load-in-a-ramadan-fasting-month-in-a-patient-with-cptii-homozygous-mutation
#17
P Phowthongkum, C Ittiwut, V Shotelersuk
BACKGROUND: Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPTII) deficiency is a mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation disorder that can present antenatally as congenital brain malformations, or postnatally with lethal neonatal, severe infantile, or the most common adult myopathic forms. No case of severe hyperammonemia without liver dysfunction has been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: We described a 23-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with seizures and was found to have markedly elevation of serum ammonia...
November 21, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156855/differences-in-leptin-ghrelin-and-glucagon-like-peptide-1-levels-between-religious-fasting-and-normal-fasting
#18
Özge Telci Çaklılı, Banu İşbilen, Gülcan Yavuz, Selcan Tülü, Banu Mesçi, Aytekin Oğuz
Background/aim: Leptin, ghrelin, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) affect hunger, satiety feelings, and food intake. We hypothesized that during Ramadan, if the brain knows that the body will be hungry until sunset, there may be differences between leptin, ghrelin, and GLP-1 levels in Ramadan and non-Ramadan fasting. Materials and methods: This study had two phases. In the first phase, the participants were asked to skip the dawn meal of Ramadan (suhur), so that 12 h of fasting could be achieved. Participants ceased food intake at midnight, and at noon blood was drawn...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151094/glossolalia-and-aphasia-related-but-different-worlds
#19
Leila Chouiter, Jean-Marie Annoni
The word glossolalia, also referred to as "speaking in tongues," originates from the Greek "glossa" which means "language" and "Lalia" which means "speak." It simply means to talk language. On a linguistic perspective, glossolalia is characterized by almost no recognizable words or semantic content, apart from biblical words and phrases, with an overrepresentation of a small phonemes number, accelerated speech output, and modification of accents and melody. Its phonemic properties have been said to resemble those of the language(s) of the speaker...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148066/predicting-the-use-of-corporal-punishment-child-aggression-parent-religiosity-and-the-bdnf-gene
#20
Reut Avinun, Maayan Davidov, David Mankuta, Ariel Knafo-Noam
Corporal punishment (CP) has been associated with deleterious child outcomes, highlighting the importance of understanding its underpinnings. Although several factors have been linked with parents' CP use, genetic influences on CP have rarely been studied, and an integrative view examining the interplay between different predictors of CP is missing. We focused on the separate and joint effects of religiosity, child aggression, parent's gender, and a valine (Val) to methionine (Met) substitution in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene...
March 2018: Aggressive Behavior
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