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Zi-Ru Niu, Tao Han, Xiao-Luan Sun, Li-Xia Luan, Wen-Li Gou, Xiao-Ming Zhu
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia (PE) affects many women globally and remains as a primary cause for neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Aberrant placental microRNAs (miRNAs) expression might associated with PE. Previously, thirty-three PE-related miRNAs, with eleven up-regulated and twenty-three down-regulated were detected in severe-PE placentas when compared with normal patients. One of the most up-regulated miRNAs in PE is miR-30a-3p. The predicted target of it, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), which has been reported to have a relatively low expression level in PE patients...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gregory S Boutis, Ravinath Kausik
Quantitative evaluation of the solid and viscous components of unconventional shale rock, namely kerogen and bitumen, is important for understanding reservoir quality. Short transverse coherence times, due to strong (1)H-(1)H dipolar interactions, motivates the application of solid state refocusing pulse sequences that allow for investigating components of the free-induction decay that are otherwise obscured by instrumental effects such as probe ringdown. This work reports on static, wide-line (1)H spectroscopy of shale rock and their extracted components, which include kerogen and bitumen, by the application of solid echo and magic echo pulse sequences...
November 3, 2017: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Sung Ho Hwang, Jae Bum Park, Wha Me Park
In this study, the environmental factors that affect radon (Rn) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels in subway-station underground platforms are evaluated, and the outdoor NO2 levels are compared with those obtained for the underground platforms. The Rn and NO2 levels from May 2013 to September 2015 are determined for lines 1-4 of the Seoul Metro, via calculation of the arithmetic means of the Rn and NO2 levels with their standard deviations (SDs). The underground Rn levels in 2013 are found to be significantly higher than those recorded in 2015 for the Seoul Metro...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Glenn A Doyle, Wade H Berrettini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
A Ferro, S Basyuni, C Brassett, V Santhanam
Dissection on to the facial aspect of the zygoma is common in procedures of the midface for trauma, craniofacial deformity, and cosmesis. These procedures carry the risk of injury to the neurovascular structures that exit from the zygomaticofacial foramen (ZFF). The purpose of this study was to map the ZFF, and to establish reliable reference points from which to identify it before and during operation. We also aimed to compare the anatomy of the ZFF between sexes and among geographical populations. A total of 429 adult skulls from nine geographical sites were used...
November 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Ryong Kong, Ok-Hwa Kang, Yun-Soo Seo, Tian Zhou, Sang-A Kim, Dong-Won Shin, Dong-Yeul Kwon
Inflammation‑associated damage may occur in any tissue following infection, exposure to toxins, following ischemia, and in allergic and auto‑immune reactions. Inflammation may also result from mast cell degranulation induced by the intracellular calcium concentration. The inflammatory process may be inhibited by compounds that affect mast cells. Bisdemethoxycurcumin [1,7‑bis(4‑hydroxyphenyl) hepta‑1,6‑diene‑3,5‑dione, BDCM] is the active component of turmeric. It has anticancer, antioxidant and antibacterial properties...
October 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Érica Martinha Silva de Souza, Maria Claudia Gross, Carlos Eduardo Faresin E Silva, Cibele Gomes Sotero-Caio, Eliana Feldberg
Species in the subgenus Artibeus Leach, 1821 are widely distributed in Brazil. Conserved karyotypes characterize the group with identical diploid number and chromosome morphology. Recent studies suggested that the heterochromatin distribution and accumulation patterns can vary among species. In order to assess whether variation can also occur within species, we have analyzed the chromosomal distribution of constitutive heterochromatin in A. planirostris (Spix, 1823) and A. lituratus (Olfers, 1818) from Central Amazon (North Brazil) and contrasted our findings with those reported for other localities in Brazil...
2017: Comparative Cytogenetics
Shikha Verma, Pankaj Kumar Verma, Alok Kumar Meher, Amit Kumar Bansiwal, Rudra Deo Tripathi, Debasis Chakrabarty
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown on arsenic-containing soil and water become a primary dietary source of arsenic and pose a significant health risk. Gene modification is an important and practical approach to reduce arsenic accumulation in rice grains. Here, we reported a WaarsM gene of soil fungus Westerdykella aurantiaca, expressed in rice able to convert toxic inorganic arsenicals to methylated arsenic species, therefore, reduce arsenic accumulation in rice grains. In response to arsenic treatment in hydroponics, WaarsM expressing transgenic lines showed a marked increase in arsenic resistance and reduces its accumulation compared to NT...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Michele Benedetti, Federica De Castro, Vincenza Lamacchia, Concetta Pacifico, Giovanni Natile, Francesco P Fanizzi
The reactivity of [PtX2(Me2phen)] complexes (X = Cl, Br, I; Me2phen = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) with terminal alkynes has been investigated. Although the dichlorido species [PtCl2(Me2phen)] exhibits negligible reactivity, the bromido and iodido derivatives lead in short time to the formation of five-coordinate Pt(ii) complexes of the type [PtX2(Me2phen)(η(2)-CH[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR)] (X = Br, I; R = Ph, n-Bu), in equilibrium with the starting reagents. Similar to analogous complexes with simple acetylene, the five coordinate species can also undergo dissociation of an halido ligand and formation of the transient square-planar cationic species [PtX(Me2phen)(η(2)-CH[triple bond, length as m-dash]CR)](+)...
November 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yu-Sheng Cheng, Shi-Kae Wee, Tsung-Yen Lin, Yung-Ming Lin
STUDY QUESTION: Does the hypermethylation of the maelstrom spermatogenic transposon silencer (MAEL) promoter and subsequent de-repression of transposable elements represent one of the causes of spermatogenic failure in infertile men? SUMMARY ANSWER: Experimental hypermethylation of a specific region (-131 to +177) of the MAEL promoter leads to decreased expression of MAEL with increased expression of the transposable element LINE-1 (L1) and in infertile men methylation of the MAEL promoter is associated with the severity of spermatogenic failure...
October 31, 2017: Human Reproduction
John Odipio, Titus Alicai, Ivan Ingelbrecht, Dmitri A Nusinow, Rebecca Bart, Nigel J Taylor
CRISPR/Cas9 has become a powerful genome-editing tool for introducing genetic changes into crop species. In order to develop capacity for CRISPR/Cas9 technology in the tropical staple cassava (Manihot esculenta), the Phytoene desaturase (MePDS) gene was targeted in two cultivars using constructs carrying gRNAs targeting two sequences within MePDS exon 13. After Agrobacterium-mediated delivery of CRISPR/Cas9 reagents into cassava cells, both constructs induced visible albino phenotypes within cotyledon-stage somatic embryos regenerating on selection medium and the plants regenerated therefrom...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Diana Bregner Zetner, Marie Luise Bisgaard
The genetic background is unknown for the 50-60% of the HNPCC families, who fulfill the Amsterdam criteria, but do not have a mutation in an MMR gene, and is referred to as FCCTX. This study reviews the clinical, morphological and molecular characteristics of FCCTX, and discusses the molecular genetic methods used to localize new FCCTX genes, along with an overview of the genes and chromosomal areas that possibly relate to FCCTX. FCCTX is a heterogeneous group, mainly comprising cases caused by single high-penetrance genes, or by multiple low-penetrance genes acting together, and sporadic CRC cases...
August 2017: Current Genomics
Clio P Mavragani, Adrianos Nezos, Irina Sagalovskiy, Surya Seshan, Kyriakos A Kirou, Mary K Crow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether altered DNA methylation contributes to the inappropriate expression of LINE-1 (L1) retroelements in primary Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Minor salivary glands (MSG) were obtained from 42 patients with primary SS [23 without adverse predictors for lymphoma development (SS-low risk), 7 SS-high risk and 12 complicated by B-cell lymphoma (SS-lymphoma)] and 17 sicca controls (SC). Additionally, kidney biopsy specimens and PBMCs were obtained from 23 and 73 lupus patients, respectively...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
Shanglin Li, Yin Gu, Yi Lyu, Yan Jiang, Peng Liu
An integrated graphene oxide purification-lateral flow test strip (iGOP-LFTS) was developed for on-strip purifying and visually detecting polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products with an improved sensitivity as well as a more stringent specificity. PCR products amplified with a pair of biotin- and digoxin-labeled primers were directly pipetted onto GO pads, on which graphene oxide selectively adsorbed residual primers and primer-dimers with the aid of a running buffer containing MgCl2 and Tween 20. By stacking up three GO pads to increase the surface area for adsorption, 83...
November 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Marie-Elisa Pinson, Romain Pogorelcnik, Franck Court, Philippe Arnaud, Catherine Vaurs-Barriere
Abstract: L1 Chimeric Transcripts (LCTs) are initiated by repeated LINE-1 element antisense promoters and include the L1 5'UTR sequence in antisense orientation followed by the adjacent genomic region. LCTs have been characterized mainly using bioinformatics approaches to query dbEST. To take advantage of NGS data to unravel the transcriptome composition, we developed Chimeric LIne Finder (CLIFinder), a new bioinformatics tool. Using oriented paired-end RNA-seq data, we demonstrated that CLIFinder can identify genome-wide transcribed chimera sequences corresponding to potential LCTs...
October 23, 2017: Bioinformatics
Lidia A Kuhn, Paulo A Souza, Rodrigo R Cancelli, Wagner G Silva, Renato B Macedo
This paper presents a paleoenvironmental reconstruction from palynological analyses of a sedimentary core of Holocene age, drilled at municipality of Garopaba (Santa Catarina), Southern Brazil. A total of 46 samples was collected for palynological analyses in the 450 cm-long core PCSC-3, as also three samples for radiocarbon dating and granulometric analyses. The palynological content includes 84 taxa related to pollen grains of angiosperms (38) and gimnosperm (3), spores of pteridophyta (16) and bryophyta (2), spores of fungi (8), algae (3), acritarchs (3), dinoflagellate cysts (2) and microforaminiferal linings (1)...
October 23, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
X Y Zhang, M Q Wu, S Z Wang, H Zhang, Z Q Du, Y M Li, Z P Cao, P Luan, L Leng, H Li
The effects of obesity on reproduction have been widely reported in humans and mice. The present study was designed to compare the reproductive performance of lean and fat chicken lines, divergently selected for abdominal fat content. The following parameters were determined and analyzed in the two lines: (1) reproductive traits, including age at first egg and total egg numbers from generations 14 to 18, absolute and relative testicular weights at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age, semen quality at 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18, and fertility and hatchability from generations 14 to 18; (2) reproductive hormones at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18; (3) and the relative mRNA abundance of genes involved in reproduction at 7, 14, 25, 30, 45 and 56 weeks of age in generation 18...
October 25, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Eleni-Marina Kalogirou, Evangelia P Piperi, Konstantinos I Tosios, Evangelos Tsiambas, Galinos Fanourakis, Alexandra Sklavounou
BACKGROUND: Type I interferon activation is a hallmark event in Sjögren's syndrome. L1 retroelements stimulate plasmacytoid dendritic cells, activating the type I interferons, and are regulated by various mechanisms, including the APOBEC3 deaminases. As L1s are potential trigger factors in autoimmunity, we aimed to investigate the immunohistochemical localization of L1 ORF2 and its inhibitor APOBEC3B protein in minor salivary glands of Sjögren's syndrome patients. METHODS: Twenty minor salivary gland-tissue samples from 20 Sjögren's syndrome patients, classified according to Tarpley's histological criteria, and 10 controls were evaluated for L1 ORF2p and APOBEC3B expression via immunohistochemistry...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Yui Murata, Miki Bundo, Junko Ueda, Mie Kubota-Sakashita, Kiyoto Kasai, Tadafumi Kato, Kazuya Iwamoto
Retrotransposon long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1) occupies a large proportion of the mammalian genome, comprising approximately 100,000 genomic copies in mice. Epigenetic status of the 5' untranslated region (5'-UTR) of LINE-1 is critical for its promoter activity. DNA methylation levels in the 5'-UTR of human active LINE-1 subfamily can be measured by well-established methods, such as a pyrosequencing-based assay. However, because of the considerable sequence and structural diversity in LINE-1 among species, methods for such assays should be adapted for the species of interest...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
Qian Dai, Yang Shen, Yan Wang, Xin Wang, Joel Celio Francisco, Zhuojuan Luo, Chengqi Lin
Transposable elements (TEs) compose about 40% of the murine genome. Retrotransposition of active TEs such as LINE-1 (L1) tremendously impacts genetic diversification and genome stability. Therefore, transcription and transposition activities of retrotransposons are tightly controlled. Here, we show that the Krüppel-like zinc finger protein Zfp281 directly binds and suppresses a subset of retrotransposons, including the active young L1 repeat elements, in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. In addition, we find that Zfp281-regulated L1s are highly enriched for 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and H3K4me3...
September 25, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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