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Valvular diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087179/value-of-serum-n-terminal-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-in-asymptomatic-structural-heart-disease-in-taiwanese-population-comparisons-with-current-esc-guidelines
#1
Ta-Chuan Hung, Kuang-Te Wang, Chun-Ho Yun, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Chia-Yuan Liu, Tung-Hsin Wu, Hiram G Bezerra, Hsiao-Yang Cheng, Chung-Lieh Hung, Hung-I Yeh
BACKGROUND: The relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac structural or functional anomalies in pre-clinical, asymptomatic Asian populations has not been well identified. METHODS: From October 2005 to March 2008, we enrolled consecutive asymptomatic adults with preserved global left ventricular (LV) function (ejection fraction>50%) who underwent annual cardiovascular health survey. Circulating NT-proBNP was used to identify echo-defined cardiac structural/functional anomalies and compared to current recommended cut-off from the European Society of Heart Failure...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087176/carotid-plaque-detection-improves-the-predictive-value-of-cha2ds2-vasc-score-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation-the-arapacis-study
#2
Stefania Basili, Lorenzo Loffredo, Daniele Pastori, Marco Proietti, Alessio Farcomeni, Anna Rita Vestri, Pasquale Pignatelli, Giovanni Davì, William R Hiatt, Gregory Y H Lip, Gino R Corazza, Francesco Perticone, Francesco Violi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vascular disease (VD), as assessed by history of myocardial infarction or peripheral artery disease or aortic plaque, increases stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AF), and is a component of risk assessment using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. We investigated if systemic atherosclerosis as detected by ultrasound carotid plaque (CP) could improve the predictive value of the CHA2DS2-VASc score. METHODS: We analysed data from the ARAPACIS study, an observational study including 2027 Italian patients with non-valvular AF, in whom CP was detected using Doppler Ultrasonography...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079786/fatal-postoperative-systemic-pulmonary-hypertension-in-benfluorex-induced-valvular-heart-disease-surgery-a-case-report
#3
Christophe Baufreton, Patrick Bruneval, Marie-Christine Rousselet, Pierre-Vladimir Ennezat, Olivier Fouquet, Raphael Giraud, Carlo Banfi
RATIONALE: Drug-induced valvular heart disease (DI-VHD) remains an under-recognized entity. PATIENT CONCERNS: This report describes a heart valve replacement which was complicated by intractable systemic pulmonary arterial hypertension in a 61-year-old female with severe restrictive mitral and aortic disease. The diagnosis of valvular disease was preceded by a history of unexplained respiratory distress. The patient had been exposed to benfluorex for 6.5 years. DIAGNOSES: The diagnostic procedure documented specific drug-induced valvular fibrosis...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077185/rapidly-progressive-mitral-valve-stenosis-in-patients-with-acromelic-dysplasia
#4
Gabriel Rama, Wendy K Chung, Christopher M Cunniff, Usha Krishnan
Acromelic dysplasias are a group of skeletal dysplasias characterised by short-limbed short stature with other distinctive phenotypic features including small hands and feet and stiff joints. Geleophysic dysplasia is an acromelic dysplasia that is associated with characteristic facial features, progressive cardiac valvular thickening, and tracheal stenosis. Owing to overlapping clinical features with other types of short-limbed skeletal dysplasias, it is important to make a precise diagnosis as they have different cardiac morbidity and mortality...
January 12, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077157/clinical-biochemical-and-molecular-characteristics-of-filipino-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-hunter-syndrome
#5
Mary Anne D Chiong, Daffodil M Canson, Mary Ann R Abacan, Melissa Mae P Baluyot, Cynthia P Cordero, Catherine Lynn T Silao
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type II, an X-linked recessive disorder is the most common lysosomal storage disease detected among Filipinos. This is a case series involving 23 male Filipino patients confirmed to have Hunter syndrome. The clinical and biochemical characteristics were obtained and mutation testing of the IDS gene was done on the probands and their female relatives. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 11.28 (SD 4.10) years with an average symptom onset at 1...
January 11, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076633/statins-for-aortic-valve-stenosis
#6
Luciana Thiago, Selma Rumiko Tsuji, Jonathan Nyong, Maria Eduarda Dos Santos Puga, Aécio Flávio Teixeira de Góis, Cristiane Rufino Macedo, Orsine Valente, Álvaro Nagib Atallah
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve stenosis is the most common type of valvular heart disease in the USA and Europe. Aortic valve stenosis is considered similar to atherosclerotic disease. Some studies have evaluated statins for aortic valve stenosis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of statins in aortic valve stenosis. METHODS: Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS - IBECS, Web of Science and CINAHL Plus...
November 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076624/quadricuspid-aortic-valve-a-comprehensive-review
#7
Shi-Min Yuan
Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital heart disease. The functional status of QAV is predominantly a pure aortic regurgitation. Clinical manifestations of patients with a QAV depend on the functional status of the QAV and the associated disorders. Significant valvular regurgitation and (or) stenosis is often present with subsequent operation performed at the fifth to sixth decade of life. The functional status of QAV is predominantly regurgitant; whereas pure stenotic QAV can be as few as in only 0...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073887/perioperative-predictors-of-permanent-pacing-and-long-term-dependence-following-tricuspid-valve-surgery-a-multicentre-analysis
#8
Philip L Mar, Christopher R Angus, Rajesh Kabra, Christopher K Migliore, Rohan Goswami, Leah A John, Yixi Tu, Rakesh Gopinathannair
AIMS: Permanent pacemaker placement (PPM) is often required after valvular surgery and is especially common following tricuspid valve surgery [tricuspid valve repair or replacement (TVR)]. Literature suggests that surgical intervention for isolated tricuspid valve disease is becoming more prevalent. Predictors of PPM dependency following TVR are currently unknown and would be clinically useful from a prognostication standpoint. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a multicentre, retrospective study to assess perioperative factors of TVR that predispose to PPM placement and long-term PPM dependency from 2008 to 2014...
January 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072930/left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-be-prepared
#9
J S Evans, S J Huang, A S McLean, M Nalos
The current trend to treat hypotension in critically ill patients is to place a greater emphasis on inotropic support and less on fluid resuscitation in order to limit the potential harm from fluid overload. This combination may trigger left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in susceptible patients. Although LVOTO is classically described in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy it has been reported in other conditions including septic shock, apical ballooning syndrome, myocardial infarction, respiratory failure, and post valvular surgery...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072628/clinical-recommendations-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-part-i-ischemic-and-valvular-heart-disease-a-position-paper-of-the-working-group-applicazioni-della-risonanza-magnetica-of-the-italian-society-of-cardiology
#10
Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Gianluca Di Bella, Silvia Castelletti, Viviana Maestrini, Pierluigi Festa, Lamia Ait-Ali, Pier Giorgio Masci, Lorenzo Monti, Gabriella di Giovine, Manuel De Lazzari, Alberto Cipriani, Andrea I Guaricci, Santo Dellegrottaglie, Alessia Pepe, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Gianluca Pontone
Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a reliable and accurate diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with cardiac disease in several clinical settings and with proven additional diagnostic and prognostic value compared with other imaging modalities. This document has been developed by the working group on the 'application of CMR' of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical applications of CMR and to inform cardiologists on how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathways with the inclusion of this technique in clinical practice...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071146/cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Gustavo S Ribeiro, Rosangela D Melo, Luís F Deresz, Pedro Dal Lago, Mauro Rn Pontes, Marlus Karsten
Background Aortic stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterised by fixed obstruction of the left ventricular outflow. It can be managed by surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This review aimed to describe the evidence supporting a cardiac rehabilitation programme on functional capacity and quality of life in aortic stenosis patients after sAVR or TAVI. Methods The search was conducted on multiple databases from January to March 2016. All studies were eligible that evaluated the effects of a post-interventional cardiac rehabilitation programme in aortic stenosis patients...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058574/quality-of-life-with-rivaroxaban-in-patients-with-non-valvular-atrial-fibrilation-by-therapeutic-compliance
#12
Emilio Márquez-Contreras, Nieves Martell-Claros, Vicente Gil-Guillén, Mariano De la Figuera-Von Wichmann, Eugenio Sánchez-López, Ines Gil-Gil, Sara Márquez-Rivero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life (QOL) with rivaroxaban in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrilation (NVAF) related to therapeutic compliance. METHODS: Prospective, longitudinal, multicenter study was developed in 160 Spanish primary or specialized care centers. We included 412 patients treated with rivaroxaban, prescribed for stroke prevention. Three visits were conducted: baseline, 6 and 12 months. Compliance was measured by electronic monitoring systems...
January 6, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057890/in-vitro-3d-model-and-mirna-drug-delivery-to-target-calcific-aortic-valve-disease
#13
REVIEW
Casper F T van der Ven, Pin-Jou Wu, Mark W Tibbitt, Alain van Mil, Joost P G Sluijter, Robert Langer, Elena Aikawa
Calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) is the most prevalent valvular heart disease in the Western population, claiming 17000 deaths per year in the United States and affecting 25% of people older than 65 years of age. Contrary to traditional belief, CAVD is not a passive, degenerative disease but rather a dynamic disease, where initial cellular changes in the valve leaflets progress into fibrotic lesions that induce valve thickening and calcification. Advanced thickening and calcification impair valve function and lead to aortic stenosis (AS)...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057799/prospective-study-of-oral-anticoagulants-and-risk-of-liver-injury-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Alvaro Alonso, Richard F MacLehose, Lin Y Chen, Lindsay Gs Bengtson, Alanna M Chamberlain, Faye L Norby, Pamela L Lutsey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of liver injury hospitalisation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) after initiation of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or warfarin and to determine predictors of liver injury hospitalisation in this population. METHODS: We studied 113 717 patients (mean age 70, 39% women) with AF included in the MarketScan Commercial and Medicare Supplemental databases with a first prescription for oral anticoagulation after 4 November 2011, followed through 31 December 2014...
January 5, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056838/first-case-report-of-myopericarditis-linked-to-campylobacter-coli-enterocolitis
#15
Cameron R M Moffatt, Soniah B Moloi, Karina J Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter spp. are a common cause of mostly self-limiting enterocolitis. Although rare, pericarditis and myopericarditis have been increasingly documented as complications following campylobacteriosis. Such cases have occurred predominantly in younger males, and involved a single causative species, namely Campylobacter jejuni. We report the first case of myopericarditis following Campylobacter coli enterocolitis, with illness occurring in an immunocompetent middle-aged female...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054393/degenerative-valvular-disease-in-the-cavalier-king-charles-spaniel-results-of-the-uk-breed-scheme-1991-2010
#16
S Swift, A Baldin, P Cripps
BACKGROUND: Cavalier King Charles spaniels (CKCSs) are predisposed to degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) and studies have indicated a genetic cause. ANIMALS: A total of 8,860 CKCSs were examined at shows or private clinics from 1991 to 2010. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of a breed scheme for CKCS on the age at which a murmur consistent with DMVD was first detected. METHODS: The presence or absence of a murmur consistent with mitral regurgitation was noted and age a murmur was first detected recorded...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049487/endothelial-microparticles-are-increased-in-congenital-heart-diseases-and-contribute-to-endothelial-dysfunction
#17
Ze-Bang Lin, Hong-Bo Ci, Yan Li, Tian-Pu Cheng, Dong-Hong Liu, Yan-Sheng Wang, Jun Xu, Hao-Xiang Yuan, Hua-Ming Li, Jing Chen, Li Zhou, Zhi-Ping Wang, Xi Zhang, Zhi-Jun Ou, Jing-Song Ou
BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are increased in mitral valve diseases and impair valvular endothelial cell function. Perioperative systemic inflammation is an important risk factor and complication of cardiac surgery. In this study, we investigate whether EMPs increase in congenital heart diseases to promote inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: The level of plasma EMPs in 20 patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), 23 patients with ventricular septal defect (VSD), and 30 healthy subjects were analyzed by flow cytometry...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045411/comparison-of-coronary-artery-dimensions-in-patients-with-chronic-aortic-regurgitation-or-stenosis
#18
Hamza Sunman, Mehmet Erat, Kadriye Gayretli Yayla, Engin Algül, Mehmet Aytürk, Lale Dinç Asarcıklı, Murat Bilgin, Tolga Çimen, Ahmet Akyel, Sadık Açıkel, Mehmet Doğan, Ekrem Yeter
OBJECTIVE: Effects of various conditions on coronary artery dimensions is an important research topic, and data regarding effect of aortic valvular diseases are limited. Aim of the present study was to investigate effects of aortic regurgitation (AR) and aortic stenosis (AS) on coronary artery dimensions. METHODS: Coronary dimensions of 95 patients (35 with isolated AR, 30 with isolated AS, and 30 without any valvular disease) were calculated. Patients with severe coronary artery disease and concurrent moderate to severe additional valvular disease were excluded...
December 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045409/turkish-registry-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-heart-failure-taktik-study
#19
Mehmet Eren, Mehdi Zoghi, Mustafa Tuncer, Yüksel Çavuşoğlu, Recep Demirbağ, Mahmut Şahin, Osman Akın Serdar, Ersel Onrat, Haşim Mutlu, Dursun Dursunoğlu, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz, Ahmet Temizhan
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to develop a national database of patients hospitalized in Turkey with acute heart failure (AHF) using evaluations of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. METHODS: Patient data were collected using an Internet-based survey. A total of 588 patients were enrolled from 36 participating medical centers across the country. RESULTS: Mean age was 62±13 years and 38% of the patients were female. Ratio of de novo AHF to study cohort was 24%...
December 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043978/the-year-in-cardiology-2016-valvular-heart-disease
#20
Ottavio Alfieri, Alec Vahanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: European Heart Journal
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