Read by QxMD icon Read

Apoptosis AND MST1

Goar Sánchez-Sanz, Bartłomiej Tywoniuk, David Matallanas, David Romano, Lan K Nguyen, Boris N Kholodenko, Edina Rosta, Walter Kolch, Nicolae-Viorel Buchete
RASSF enzymes act as key apoptosis activators and tumor suppressors, being downregulated in many human cancers, although their exact regulatory roles remain unknown. A key downstream event in the RASSF pathway is the regulation of MST kinases, which are main effectors of RASSF-induced apoptosis. The regulation of MST1/2 includes both homo- and heterodimerization, mediated by helical SARAH domains, though the underlying molecular interaction mechanism is unclear. Here, we study the interactions between RASSF1A, RASSF5, and MST2 SARAH domains by using both atomistic molecular simulation techniques and experiments...
October 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
Jianqiang Hu, Lei Zhang, Yang Yang, Yanjie Guo, Yanhong Fan, Mingming Zhang, Wanrong Man, Erhe Gao, Wei Hu, Russel J Reiter, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Melatonin reportedly protects against several cardiovascular diseases including ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), atherosclerosis and hypertension. The present study investigated the effects and mechanisms of melatonin on cardiomyocyte autophagy, apoptosis and mitochondrial injury in the context of MI. We demonstrated that melatonin significantly alleviated cardiac dysfunction after MI. Four weeks after MI, echocardiography and Masson staining indicated that melatonin notably mitigated adverse left ventricle remodeling...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Pineal Research
Jie Lin, Lei Zhang, Mingming Zhang, Jianqiang Hu, Tingting Wang, Yu Duan, Wanrong Man, Bin Wu, Jiaxu Feng, Lei Sun, Congye Li, Rongqing Zhang, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Cardiovascular complications account for a substantial proportion of morbidity and mortality in diabetic patients. Abnormalities of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) lead to impaired cardiac microvascular vessel integrity and subsequent cardiac dysfunction, underlining the importance of coronary microvascular dysfunction. In this study, experimental diabetes models were constructed using Mst1 transgenic, Mst1 knockout and sirt1 knockout mice. Diabetic Mst1 transgenic mice exhibited impaired cardiac microvessel integrity and decreased cardiac function...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yin Xu, Kaiqiang Wang, Qin Yu
FRMD6 is an Ezrin/Radixin/Moesin (ERM) family protein and a human homologue of Drosophila expanded (ex). Ex functions in parallel of Drosophila merlin at upstream of the Hippo signaling pathway that controls proliferation, apoptosis, tissue regeneration, and tumorigenesis. Even though the core kinase cascade (MST1/2-Lats1/2-YAP/TAZ) of the Hippo pathway has been well established, its upstream regulators are not well understood. Merlin promotes activation of the Hippo pathway. However, the effect of FRMD6 on the Hippo pathway is controversial...
September 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Jacob A Galan, Joseph Avruch
The MST1 and MST2 protein kinases comprise the GCK-II subfamily of protein kinases. In addition to their amino-terminal kinase catalytic domain, related to that of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein kinase Ste20, their most characteristic feature is the presence near the carboxy terminus of a unique helical structure called a SARAH domain; this segment allows MST1/MST2 to homodimerize and to heterodimerize with the other polypeptides that contain SARAH domains, the noncatalytic polypeptides RASSF1-6 and Sav1/WW45...
October 4, 2016: Biochemistry
Daniela Araiza-Olivera, Jonathan Chernoff
Ras oncoproteins can promote or suppress cellular apoptosis, but the mechanisms underlying these varied responses remain incompletely understood. Ras is linked to the Hippo tumor suppressor pathway, a highly conserved signaling cassette that regulates organ size in animals ranging from flies to humans. The proximal members of this pathway, Mammalian Ste20-like kinases (Msts) -1 and -2, self-associate in homodimers and also form heterodimers with other proteins. Formation of such complexes is known to regulate Mst kinase activity and thus, the Hippo pathway...
August 25, 2016: Small GTPases
Fuqin Fan, Zhixiang He, Lu-Lu Kong, Qinghua Chen, Quan Yuan, Shihao Zhang, Jinjin Ye, Hao Liu, Xiufeng Sun, Jing Geng, Lunzhi Yuan, Lixin Hong, Chen Xiao, Weiji Zhang, Xihuan Sun, Yunzhan Li, Ping Wang, Lihong Huang, Xinrui Wu, Zhiliang Ji, Qiao Wu, Ning-Shao Xia, Nathanael S Gray, Lanfen Chen, Cai-Hong Yun, Xianming Deng, Dawang Zhou
Tissue repair and regenerative medicine address the important medical needs to replace damaged tissue with functional tissue. Most regenerative medicine strategies have focused on delivering biomaterials and cells, yet there is the untapped potential for drug-induced regeneration with good specificity and safety profiles. The Hippo pathway is a key regulator of organ size and regeneration by inhibiting cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Kinases MST1 and MST2 (MST1/2), the mammalian Hippo orthologs, are central components of this pathway and are, therefore, strong target candidates for pharmacologically induced tissue regeneration...
August 17, 2016: Science Translational Medicine
Sung-Young Shin, Lan K Nguyen
The Hippo signalling pathway has recently emerged as an important regulator of cell apoptosis and proliferation with significant implications in human diseases. In mammals, the pathway contains the core kinases MST1/2, which phosphorylate and activate LATS1/2 kinases. The pro-apoptotic function of the MST/LATS signalling axis was previously linked to the Akt and ERK MAPK pathways, demonstrating that the Hippo pathway does not act alone but crosstalks with other signalling pathways to coordinate network dynamics and cellular outcomes...
2016: Genes
Mingming Zhang, Lei Zhang, Jianqiang Hu, Jie Lin, Tingting Wang, Yu Duan, Wanrong Man, Jiaxu Feng, Lei Sun, Hongbing Jia, Congye Li, Rongqing Zhang, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with suppressed autophagy and augmented apoptosis in the heart although the interplay between the two remains elusive. The ability of mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 to regulate both autophagy and apoptosis prompted us to investigate it as a possible candidate in the progression of DCM. METHODS: Wild-type, Mst1 (also known as Stk4) transgenic and Mst1-knockout mice were challenged with streptozotocin to induce experimental diabetes...
November 2016: Diabetologia
Kun Zhang, Zhimei Hu, Haixia Qi, Zhemin Shi, Yanan Chang, Qingbin Yao, Hongmei Cui, Lina Zheng, Yawei Han, Xiaohui Han, Zhen Zhang, Ting Chen, Wei Hong
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers leading to high mortality. However, long-term administration of anti-tumor therapy for CRC is not feasible due to the side effects. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs), particularly DHA and EPA, exert protection against CRC, but the mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that ω-3 PUFAs inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of CRC cells in vitro and alleviate AOM/DSS-induced mice colorectal cancer in vivo. Moreover, ω-3 PUFAs promote phosphorylation and cytoplasmic retention of YAP and this effect was mediated by MST1/2 and LATS1, suggesting that the canonical Hippo Pathway is involved in ω-3 PUFAs function...
August 5, 2016: Oncotarget
Zhichao Lyu, Ning Qin, Thobela Louis Tyasi, Hongyan Zhu, Dehui Liu, Shuguo Yuan, Rifu Xu
The Hippo/MST signaling pathway is a critical player in controlling cell proliferation, self-renewal, differentiation, and apoptosis of most tissues and organs in diverse species. Previous studies have shown that Salvador homolog 1 (SAV1), a scaffolding protein which functions in the signaling system is expressed in mammalian ovaries and play a vital role in governing the follicle development. But the exact biological effects of chicken SAV1 in prehierarchical follicle development remain poorly understood. In the present study, we demonstrated that the SAV1 protein is predominantly expressed in the oocytes and undifferentiated granulosa cells in the various sized prehierarchical follicles of hen ovary, and the endogenous expression level of SAV1 mRNA appears down-regulated from the primordial follicles to the largest preovulatory follicles (F2-F1) by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Tingting Wang, Lei Zhang, Jianqiang Hu, Yu Duan, Mingming Zhang, Jie Lin, Wanrong Man, Xietian Pan, Zhenhua Jiang, Guoyong Zhang, Beilei Gao, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Emerging evidence favors the notion that macrophage autophagy plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of vulnerable plaque, suggesting the therapeutic potential of targeting autophagy in atherosclerosis. Here ApoE(-/-) mice were crossed with Mst1 knockout or Mst1 Tg mice to generate ApoE(-/-):Mst1(-/-) and ApoE(-/-):Mst1Tg mice. All animals were fed high-fat-diet for 4months to induce arterial atherosclerosis. Murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells were subjected to ox-LDL (50μg/mL) in an effort to examine the cellular mechanisms...
September 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Takahisa Matsuda, Peiyong Zhai, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Yu Zhang, Jae Im Jeong, Shohei Ikeda, Jiyeon Park, Chiao-Po Hsu, Bin Tian, Duojia Pan, Junichi Sadoshima, Dominic P Del Re
RATIONALE: NF2 (neurofibromin 2) is an established tumor suppressor that promotes apoptosis and inhibits growth in a variety of cell types, yet its function in cardiomyocytes remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of NF2 in cardiomyocyte apoptosis and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the function of NF2 in isolated cardiomyocytes and mouse myocardium at baseline and in response to oxidative stress...
August 19, 2016: Circulation Research
Anca Margineanu, Jia Jia Chan, Douglas J Kelly, Sean C Warren, Delphine Flatters, Sunil Kumar, Matilda Katan, Christopher W Dunsby, Paul M W French
We present a high content multiwell plate cell-based assay approach to quantify protein interactions directly in cells using Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) read out by automated fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM). Automated FLIM is implemented using wide-field time-gated detection, typically requiring only 10 s per field of view (FOV). Averaging over biological, thermal and shot noise with 100's to 1000's of FOV enables unbiased quantitative analysis with high statistical power. Plotting average donor lifetime vs...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yishu Yang, Lili Wang, Yan Wu, Dongmei Su, Ning Wang, Jiedong Wang, Cuige Shi, Liping Lv, Shucheng Zhang
Neuroinflammation plays an important role in vascular dementia(VD). Our previous work showed that mammalian Ste20-like kinase 1 (MST1) and the gene for a downstream transcription factor, FOXO3, play major roles in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis in hippocampal neurons. The neurotoxic effects of LPS are derived from its ability to cause an inflammatory response. We also previously showed that Tanshinol (TSL) provides neuro-protection in a rat model of VD. The present study further explores the effects of TSL on the neuroinflammatory aspects of VD and investigates whether TSL affects the MST1-FOXO3signaling pathway...
September 1, 2016: Brain Research
Shohei Ikeda, Junichi Sadoshima
Stress in the heart causes loss of cardiomyocytes (CMs), the accumulation of which leads to heart failure, a major cause of clinical mortality. The improvement of CM survival and facilitation of CM regeneration are major goals in treatment for heart failure. The Hippo pathway is an evolutionarily conserved signaling mechanism that regulates organ size by controlling both apoptosis and cell proliferation. The main components of the Hippo pathway, including Mst1/2, Lats1/2 and Yes-associated protein (Yap), are present in the mammalian heart and play an important role in regulating the growth and death of CMs...
June 24, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Dominic P Del Re
Initially identified inDrosophila melanogaster, the Hippo signaling pathway regulates organ size through modulation of cell proliferation, survival and differentiation. This pathway is evolutionarily conserved and canonical signaling involves a kinase cascade that phosphorylates and inhibits the downstream effector Yes-associated protein (YAP). Recent research has demonstrated a fundamental role of Hippo signaling in cardiac development, homeostasis, injury and regeneration, and remains the subject of intense investigation...
June 24, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Henning Reis, Stefanie Bertram, Leona Pott, Ali Canbay, Anja Gallinat, Hideo Andreas Baba
Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is a lethal cancer worldwide. Recently, the hippo signaling pathway has been implicated in tumorigenesis of HCC and other malignant tumors. Aim of the study was therefore to evaluate the hippo signaling pathway activity and its clinico-pathological associations and crosstalk in different tumor forming hepatocellular lesions (HCC, hepatocellular adenoma (HCA), focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and cirrhosis). A tissue micro array (TMA) from paired human tumorous and non-tumorous (NT) tissue samples of HCC (n = 92), HCA (n = 25), FNH (n = 28) and cirrhosis (n = 28; no NT) was constructed...
June 8, 2016: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Michinari Nakamura, Peiyong Zhai, Dominic P Del Re, Yasuhiro Maejima, Junichi Sadoshima
Mst1 is a central Ser-Thr kinase in the Hippo pathway, which promotes apoptosis and inhibits cell proliferation. We have shown previously that, in cardiomyocytes, oxidative stress activates Mst1 at mitochondria, where Mst1 phosphorylates Bcl-xL at Ser14, inducing dissociation of Bcl-xL from Bax and thereby promoting apoptosis. However, the functional significance of Ser14 phosphorylation of endogenous Bcl-xL in vivo remains elusive. We generated knockin (KI) mice in which Ser14 of Bcl-xL is replaced with Ala...
April 21, 2016: JCI Insight
Wen-Feng Cai, Lei Wang, Guan-Sheng Liu, Pin Zhu, Christian Paul, Yigang Wang
The Hippo-Yap pathway was originally recognized as a crucial signal cascade controlling organ size, and more recently identified as an important component involved in the regulation of cardiomyocyte survival, proliferation, and regeneration. Negative stress responses can activate mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) to suppress protective autophagy and promote cardiomyocyte apoptosis via phosphorylation and inhibition of Bcl-xL. Moreover, decreased Yap activity and nuclear entry will decrease upon Mst1 activation, ultimately suppressing cardiomyocytes proliferation and regeneration...
April 2016: Annals of Palliative Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"