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Poststroke epilepsy

Julia Hansen, Signild Åsberg, Eva Kumlien, Johan Zelano
The risk of death is increased for persons with epilepsy. The literature on causes of death in epilepsy is based mainly on cohorts with epilepsy of mixed aetiologies. For clinical purposes and improved understanding of mortality in different epilepsies, more information is needed on mortality in epilepsies of specific causes. In poststroke epilepsy (PSE), seizures occur in a setting of vascular disease and high mortality rates. The extent to which epilepsy contributes to mortality in this patient group is poorly understood...
2017: PloS One
Chien-Chen Chou, Der-Jen Yen, Yung-Yang Lin, Yu-Chiao Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on poststroke epilepsy in a population-based nationwide study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The SSRI group included patients who received a stroke diagnosis from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2009, and were prescribed SSRIs after stroke. The non-SSRI group enrolled patients with stroke who were not prescribed SSRIs from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and used propensity score matching based on the index year, duration time, sex, age, type of stroke, and duration of hospitalization...
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Andres M Kanner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Warren D Lo, Riten Kumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews risk factors, recurrence risk, evaluation, management, and outcomes of arterial ischemic stroke in children and young adults. RECENT FINDINGS: The risk for recurrence and mortality appear to be low for neonatal and childhood stroke. Most children have relatively mild deficits, but those who have greater neurologic deficits, poststroke epilepsy, or strokes early in life are at risk for lower overall cognitive function. Stroke recurrence and long-term mortality after stroke in young adults are greater than originally thought...
February 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Chien-Chung Lee, Jainn-Jim Lin, Kuang-Lin Lin, Wai-Ho Lim, Kai-Hsiang Hsu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Shih-Ming Chu, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Perinatal stroke is a common cause of established neurological sequelae. Although several risk factors have been identified, many questions regarding causes and clinical outcomes remain unanswered. This study investigated the clinical manifestations and outcomes of perinatal stroke and identified its etiologies in Taiwan. METHODS: We searched the reports of head magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography performed between January 2003 and December 2012...
November 19, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Ken Ikeda, Masahiro Sawada, Harumi Morioka, Maya Kyuzen, Junya Ebina, Junpei Nagasawa, Masaru Yanagihashi, Ken Miura, Yuichi Ishikawa, Takehisa Hirayama, Takanori Takazawa, Osamu Kano, Kiyokazu Kawabe, Yasuo Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may increase development of dyslipidemia and cerebrovascular disease (CVD). We examined the clinical profile and changes of serum lipid levels after AED monotherapy in patients with poststroke epilepsy (PSE) after cerebral infarction (CI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records were reviewed in consecutive 2144 CI patients. Monotherapy of valproate, carbamazepine (CBZ), phenytoin (PHT), zonisamide, levetiracetam, or lamotrigine was performed in PSE patients...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Andrea Antal, Samar S Ayache, David H Benninger, Jérôme Brunelin, Filippo Cogiamanian, Maria Cotelli, Dirk De Ridder, Roberta Ferrucci, Berthold Langguth, Paola Marangolo, Veit Mylius, Michael A Nitsche, Frank Padberg, Ulrich Palm, Emmanuel Poulet, Alberto Priori, Simone Rossi, Martin Schecklmann, Sven Vanneste, Ulf Ziemann, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Walter Paulus
A group of European experts was commissioned by the European Chapter of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology to gather knowledge about the state of the art of the therapeutic use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) from studies published up until September 2016, regarding pain, Parkinson's disease, other movement disorders, motor stroke, poststroke aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease, tinnitus, depression, schizophrenia, and craving/addiction...
January 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Johan Zelano
Stroke is among the most common causes of epilepsy after middle age. Patients with poststroke epilepsy (PSE) differ in several respects from patients with other forms of structural-metabolic epilepsy; not least in age, age-related sensitivity to side effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), and specific drug-drug interaction issues related to secondary-stroke prophylaxis. Encouragingly, there has lately been remarkable activity in the study of PSE. Three developments in PSE research deserve particular focus. First, large prospective trials have established the incidence and risk factors of PSE in the setting of modern stroke care...
September 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Doodipala Samba Reddy, Aamir Bhimani, Ramkumar Kuruba, Min Jung Park, Farida Sohrabji
This Review describes the current status of poststroke epilepsy (PSE) with an emphasis on poststroke epileptogenesis modeling for testing new therapeutic agents. Stroke is a leading cause of epilepsy in an aging population. Late-onset "epileptic" seizures have been reported in up to 30% cases after stroke. Nevertheless, the overall prevalence of PSE is 2-4%. Rodent models of stroke have contributed to our understanding of the relationship between seizures and the underlying ischemic damage to neurons. To understand whether acutely generated stroke events lead to a chronic phenotype more closely resembling PSE with recurrent seizures, a limited variety of approaches emerged in early 2000s...
April 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Hyuk Sung Kwon, Chulho Kim, Seung-Hoon Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Young Dae Kim, Hyung-Min Kwon, Sung Hyuk Heo, Dae-Il Chang, Beom Joon Kim, Jeong-Min Kim, Hyun Young Kim, Young Seo Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of ischemic stroke in young adults has been rising over recent decades, but there is still limited information on its risk factors, etiologies, and outcomes. Because these patients generally participate in social life, risk factors associated with lifestyle may have a great impact and need to be identified. METHODS: The SKY (Stroke in Korean Young Adults) study is a multicenter case-control study and a prospective cohort study in 8 tertiary medical centers in the Republic of Korea...
June 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Chuen-Chau Chang, Ta-Liang Chen, Hsienhsueh Elley Chiu, Chaur-Jong Hu, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Hsin-Long Lane, Mao-Feng Sun, Fung-Chang Sung, Chien-Chang Liao, Jaung-Geng Lin, Chun-Chuan Shih
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The use of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) was high in stroke patients but limited information was available on whether TCM is effective on post-stroke outcomes. The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of stroke patients with and without receiving adjuvant TCM therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a nationwide cohort study and selected hospitalized stroke patients receiving routine care with (n=1734) and without (n=1734) in-hospital adjuvant TCM therapy by propensity score matching procedures...
January 11, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Shang-Yi Lee, Chia-Lun Chou, Sanford P C Hsu, Chun-Chuan Shih, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Chih-Jen Hung, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with poststroke adverse events were not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether stroke patients with previous pressure ulcers had more adverse events after stroke. METHODS: Using the claims data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a retrospective cohort study matched by propensity score. Three thousand two first-ever stroke patients with previous pressure ulcer and 3002 first-ever stroke patients without pressure ulcer were investigated between 2002 and 2009...
January 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Johan Zelano, Rebecca Gertz Lundberg, Leopold Baars, Emelie Hedegärd, Eva Kumlien
INTRODUCTION: Recently, several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that epilepsy develops after approximately 10% of all cerebrovascular lesions. With an aging population, poststroke epilepsy is likely to be of increasing relevance to neurologists and more knowledge on the condition is needed. Patients with poststroke epilepsy are likely to differ from other epilepsy patient populations regarding age, side-effect tolerability, comorbidities, and life expectancy, all of which are important aspects when counselling newly diagnosed patients to make informed treatment decisions...
September 2015: Brain and Behavior
Jiang Guo, Jian Guo, Jinmei Li, Muke Zhou, Fengqin Qin, Shihong Zhang, Bo Wu, Li He, Dong Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential efficacy of statin treatment in reducing the risk of poststroke seizures. METHODS: In this cohort study, patients with a first-ever ischemic stroke and no history of epilepsy before stroke were enrolled. After a mean follow-up period of 2.5 years, a follow-up assessment was performed to identify poststroke epilepsy. Logistic regression and Cox regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between statin use and poststroke early-onset seizures or poststroke epilepsy...
August 25, 2015: Neurology
Antonio Siniscalchi, Scott Mintzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2015: Neurology
Heather Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Nature Reviews. Neurology
Renate M Arntz, Loes C A Rutten-Jacobs, Noortje A M Maaijwee, Hennie C Schoonderwaldt, Lucille D A Dorresteijn, Ewoud J van Dijk, Frank-Erik de Leeuw
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Poststroke epilepsy is a common complication after a young stroke. We investigated the association between poststroke epilepsy and mortality. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study among 631 patients with a first-ever transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke, aged 18 to 50 years. Survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard analysis were used to estimate cumulative mortality and hazard ratios for patients with and without epilepsy...
August 2015: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Sonya M Bierbower, Frank S Choveau, James D Lechleiter, Mark S Shapiro
Cerebral ischemic stroke is a worldwide cause of mortality/morbidity and thus an important focus of research to decrease the severity of brain injury. Therapeutic options for acute stroke are still limited. In neurons throughout the brain, "M-type" K(+) currents, underlain by KCNQ subunits 2-5, play dominant roles in control over excitability, and are thus implicated in myriad neurological and psychiatric disorders. Although KCNQ channel openers, such as retigabine, have emerged as anti-epilepsy drugs, their effects on ischemic injury remain unknown...
February 4, 2015: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Adam Wiśniewski, Barbara Ksiazkiewicz
The most frequent reason of seizures in elderly are vascular diseases of the brain. The early-onset seizures occur in first 7 days after stroke, and the late-onset seizures occur after 7 days after stroke. The aim of the study was to estimate the frequency of seizures in patients who have taken a stand in acute period of stroke, the incidence of seizures in different types of stroke, the frequency of the types of seizures and the risk of death depending on the type of seizure. One hundred and sixty seven patients with ischemic stroke and seizures were enrolled in this retrospective study...
2014: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Zhigang Lei, Hui Zhang, Yanling Liang, Qiliang Cui, Zhiqiang Xu, Zao C Xu
Poststroke seizures are considered to be the major cause of epilepsy in the elderly. The mechanisms of poststroke seizures remain unclear. A history of diabetes mellitus has been identified as an independent predictor of acute poststroke seizures in stroke patients. The present study sought to reveal the mechanisms for the development of postischemic seizures under hyperglycemic conditions. Transient forebrain ischemia was produced in adult Wistar rats by using the four-vessel occlusion method. At the normal blood glucose level, seizures occurred in ∼50% of rats after 25 min of ischemia...
December 2014: Journal of Neuroscience Research
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