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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079361/controllable-synthesis-of-smart-multifunctional-nanoscal-metal-organic-framework-for-magnetic-resonance-optical-imaging-and-targeted-drug-delivery
#1
Xuechuan Gao, Manjue Zhai, Weihua Guan, Jingjuan Liu, Zhiliang Liu, Alatangaole Damirin
As a result of their extraordinarily large surfaces and well-defined pores, the design of multifunctional metal-organic framework (MOF) is crucial for drug delivery while has been rarely reported. In this paper, a novel drug delivery system (DDS) based on nanoscale metal-organic framework (MOF) was developed for using in cancer diagnosis and therapy. This MOF based tumour targeting DDS was fabricated by a simple post-synthetic surface modification process. Firstly, magnetic mesoporous nanomaterial Fe-MIL-53-NH2 was devoted for encapsulating the drug and served as a magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agent...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077265/a-smart-aminoglycoside-hydrogel-with-tunable-gel-degradation-on-demand-drug-release-and-high-antibacterial-activity
#2
Jingjing Hu, Yanchun Quan, Yuping Lai, Zhao Zheng, Zhiqi Hu, Xinyu Wang, Tianjiao Dai, Qiang Zhang, Yiyun Cheng
Aminoglycosides are a family of critically important antibiotics for the treatment of serious infections including multidrug-resistant pathogens. However, clinical use of aminoglycoside antibiotics is compromised by bacterial biofilm formation at subinhibitory concentrations or adverse side effects such as ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity at high antibiotic doses. Preparation of aminoglycoside formulation that allows on-demand drug delivery is a solution to this sticky issue. Here, we designed a new type of aminoglycoside hydrogels by cross-linking oxidized polysaccharides such as dextran, carboxymethyl cellulose, alginate, and chondroitin using aminoglycosides as cross-linkers...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070974/stimulus-responsive-short-peptide-nanogels-for-controlled-intracellular-drug-release-and-overcome-tumor-resistance
#3
Bengang Xing, Linna Lyu, Fang Liu, Xiaoyong Wang, Ming Hu, Jing Mu, Haolun Cheong, Gang Liu
Multidrug resistance (MDR) places a major burden against cancer treatment. As one important factor contributing to MDR, over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), results in the reduced intracellular drug accumulation. Hence, the ability to effectively block the efflux protein and accumulate the therapeutics in cancer cells is of great significance in clinical practice. In this work, we successfully developed a smart stimulus-responsive short peptide assembled system, termed as PD/VER nanogels, which synergistically combined the acid activatable Doxorubicin (Dox) antitumor prodrug with the P-gp inhibitor (Verapamil, VER) for reversing MDR...
January 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069553/targeting-inflammasome-by-the-inhibition-of-caspase-1-activity-using-capped-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles
#4
Alba García-Fernández, Guillermo García-Laínez, María Luisa Ferrándiz, Elena Aznar, Félix Sancenón, María José Alcaraz, José Ramón Murguía, María D Marcos, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Ana M Costero, Mar Orzáez
Acute inflammation is a protective response of the body to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens or damaged cells. However, dysregulated inflammation can cause secondary damage and could thus contribute to the pathophysiology of many diseases. Inflammasomes, the macromolecular complexes responsible for caspase-1 activation, have emerged as key regulators of immune and inflammatory responses. Therefore, modulation of inflammasome activity has become an important therapeutic approach. Here we describe the design of a smart nanodevice that takes advantage of the passive targeting of nanoparticles to macrophages and enhances the therapeutic effect of caspase-1 inhibitor VX-765 in vivo...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069504/ph-sensitive-peptide-hydrogel-for-glucose-responsive-insulin-delivery
#5
Xue Li, Mian Fu, Jun Wu, Chenyu Zhang, Xin Deng, Arvind Dhinakar, Wenlong Huang, Hai Qian, Liang Ge
: Glucose-responsive system is one of important options for self-regulated insulin delivery to treat diabetes, which has become an issue of great public health concern in the world. In this study, we developed a novel and biocompatible glucose-responsive insulin delivery system using a pH-sensitive peptide hydrogel as a carrier loaded with glucose oxidase, catalase and insulin. The peptide could self-assemble into hydrogel under physiological conditions. When hypoglycemia is encountered, neighboring alkaline amino acid side chains are significantly repulsed due to reduced local pH by the enzymatic conversion of glucose into glucoinc acid...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067924/subcellular-co-delivery-of-two-different-site-oriented-payloads-for-tumor-therapy
#6
Qingqing Yang, Lei Wu, Lian Li, Zhou Zhou, Yuan Huang
Co-delivery of multiple agents via nanocarriers is of great interest in cancer therapy, but subcellular delivery to the corresponding site of action remains challenging. Here we report a smart nanovehicle which enables two different site-oriented payloads to reach their targeted organelles based on stimulus-responsive release and nucleus-targeted modification. First, all trans retinoic acid (RA) conjugated camptothecin (RA-CPT) was loaded in a polyhedral oligomericsilsesquioxane (POSS)-based core; docetaxel (DTX) was grafted on N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers...
January 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067384/nanocaged-platforms-modification-drug-delivery-and-nanotoxicity-opening-synthetic-cages-to-release-the-tiger
#7
REVIEW
Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Mahdi Karimi, Fatemeh Mehdizadeh, Hedieh Malekzad, Alireza Ghasemi, Sajad Bahrami, Hossein Zare, Mohsen Moghoofei, Amin Hekmatmanesh, Michael R Hamblin
Nanocages (NCs) have emerged as a new class of drug-carriers, with a wide range of possibilities in multi-modality medical treatments and theranostics. Nanocages can overcome such limitations as high toxicity caused by anti-cancer chemotherapy or by the nanocarrier itself, due to their unique characteristics. These properties consist of: (1) a high loading-capacity (spacious interior); (2) a porous structure (analogous to openings between the bars of the cage); (3) enabling smart release (a key to unlock the cage); and (4) a low likelihood of unfavorable immune responses (the outside of the cage is safe)...
January 9, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065590/mechanism-and-evidence-of-nonsense-suppression-therapy-for-genetic-eye-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Rose Richardson, Matthew Smart, Dhani Tracey-White, Andrew Webster, Mariya Moosajee
Between 5 and 70% of genetic disease is caused by in-frame nonsense mutations, which introduce a premature termination codon (PTC) within the disease-causing gene. Consequently, during translation, non-functional or gain-of-function truncated proteins of pathological significance, are formed. Approximately 50% of all inherited retinal disorders have been associated with PTCs, highlighting the importance of novel pharmacological or gene correction therapies in ocular disease. Pharmacological nonsense suppression of PTCs could delineate a therapeutic strategy that treats the mutation in a gene- and disease-independent manner...
January 5, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064050/development-of-a-novel-ph-sensitive-silane-crosslinked-injectable-hydrogel-for-controlled-release-of-neomycin-sulfate
#9
Sehrish Jabeen, Atif Islam, Abdul Ghaffar, Nafisa Gull, Ayesha Hameed, Anbreen Bashir, Tahir Jamil, Tousif Hussain
Silane crosslinked biopolymer based novel pH-responsive hydrogels were fabricated by blending the cationic (chitosan) and anionic (alginate) polymers with poly (vinyl alcohol). Tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) was used, as a crosslinker in different amounts due to its nonhazardous nature, to study its impact on physical and chemical properties of the prepared injectable hydrogels along with the controlled release of drug. The swelling response of the prepared hydrogels was examined in different solvent media which exhibited decreased swelling ratio with increase in the amount of TEOS...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062300/positively-charged-polypeptide-nanogel-enhances-mucoadhesion-and-penetrability-of-10-hydroxycamptothecin-in-orthotopic-bladder-carcinoma
#10
Hui Guo, Weiguo Xu, Jinjin Chen, Lesan Yan, Jianxun Ding, Yuchuan Hou, Xuesi Chen
Bladder cancer (BC) has become a serious public health problem due to its continuously rising incidence, high recurrence rate, and poor quality of life. Intravesical instillation of chemotherapy, one of common and important treatment strategy for BC, is restricted partially due to the short residence time and the low penetration ability of current antineoplastic agent formulations in clinic. Herein, a positively charged disulfide-core-crosslinked polypeptide nanogel of poly(l-lysine)-poly(l-phenylalanine-co-l-cystine) (PLL-P(LP-co-LC)) was synthesized...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058697/macro-scale-model-study-of-a-tunable-drug-dispensation-mechanism-for-controlled-drug-delivery-in-potential-wound-healing-applications
#11
Mariam Mir, Umar Ansari, Murtaza Najabat Ali
BACKGROUND: Auxetic materials tend to exhibit stretching in the direction of the applied load as well as in the perpendicular direction. This may be an inherent property of the material, or it might be a particular structural characteristic that confers it with auxetic properties. In this study, the auxetic properties of a rotating squares auxetic design were utilized in tandem with a stretching mechanism to manufacture a device that offers the advantages of adjustable pore size and hence tunable drug delivery characteristics...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053530/recent-advances-on-smart-tio2-nanotube-platforms-for-sustainable-drug-delivery-applications
#12
REVIEW
Qun Wang, Jian-Ying Huang, Hua-Qiong Li, Allan Zi-Jian Zhao, Yi Wang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Hong-Tao Sun, Yue-Kun Lai
To address the limitations of traditional drug delivery, TiO2 nanotubes (TNTs) are recognized as a promising material for localized drug delivery systems. With regard to the excellent biocompatibility and physicochemical properties, TNTs prepared by a facile electrochemical anodizing process have been used to fabricate new drug-releasing implants for localized drug delivery. This review discusses the development of TNTs applied in localized drug delivery systems, focusing on several approaches to control drug release, including the regulation of the dimensions of TNTs, modification of internal chemical characteristics, adjusting pore openings by biopolymer coatings, and employing polymeric micelles as drug nanocarriers...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051069/a-light-responsive-self-assembly-formed-by-a-cationic-azobenzene-derivative-and-sds-as-a-drug-delivery-system
#13
Shengyong Geng, Yuzhu Wang, Liping Wang, Tsutomu Kouyama, Toshiaki Gotoh, Satoshi Wada, Jin-Ye Wang
The structure of a self-assembly formed from a cationic azobenzene derivative, 4-cholesterocarbonyl-4'-(N,N,N-triethylamine butyloxyl bromide) azobenzene (CAB) and surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in aqueous solution was studied by cryo-TEM and synchrotron radiation small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Both unilamellar and multilamellar vesicles could be observed. CAB in vesicles were capable to undergo reversible trans-to-cis isomerization upon UV or visible light irradiation. The structural change upon UV light irradiation could be catched by SAXS, which demonstrated that the interlamellar spacing of the cis-multilamellar vesicles increased by 0...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043134/factorial-design-based-multivariate-modeling-and-optimization-of-tunable-bioresponsive-arginine-grafted-poly-cystaminebis-acrylamide-diaminohexane-polymeric-matrix-based-nanocarriers
#14
Rongbing Yang, Kihoon Nam, Sung Wan Kim, James Turkson, Ye Zou, Yi Y Zuo, Rahul V Haware, Mahavir B Chougule
Desired characteristics of nanocarriers are crucial to explore its therapeutic potential. This investigation aimed to develop tunable bioresponsive newly synthesized unique arginine grafted poly(cystaminebis(acrylamide)-diaminohexane) [ABP] polymeric matrix based nanocarriers by using L9 Taguchi factorial design, desirability function, and multivariate method. The selected formulation and process parameters were ABP concentration, acetone concentration, the volume ratio of acetone to ABP solution, and drug concentration...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024589/temperature-responsive-plla-pnipam-nanofibers-for-switchable-release
#15
Roman Elashnikov, Petr Slepička, Silvie Rimpelova, Pavel Ulbrich, Vaclav Švorčík, Oleksiy Lyutakov
Smart antimicrobial materials with on-demand drug release are highly desired for biomedical applications. Herein, we report about temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) nanospheres doped with crystal violet (CV) and incorporated into the poly-l-lactide (PLLA) nanofibers. The nanofibers were prepared by electrospinning, using different initial polymers ratios. The morphology of the nanofibers and polymers distribution in the nanofibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017180/comparison-of-12-step-groups-to-mutual-help-alternatives-for-aud-in-a-large-national-study-differences-in-membership-characteristics-and-group-participation-cohesion-and-satisfaction
#16
Sarah E Zemore, Lee Ann Kaskutas, Amy Mericle, Jordana Hemberg
BACKGROUND: Many studies suggest that participation in 12-step groups contributes to better recovery outcomes, but people often object to such groups and most do not sustain regular involvement. Yet, research on alternatives to 12-step groups is very sparse. The present study aimed to extend the knowledge base on mutual help group alternatives for those with an alcohol use disorder (AUD), sampling from large, active, abstinence-focused groups including Women for Sobriety (WFS), LifeRing, and SMART Recovery (SMART)...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011439/construction-of-poly-vinyl-alcohol-poly-lactide-glycolide-acid-vancomycin-nanoparticles-on-titanium-for-enhancing-the-surface-self-antibacterial-activity-and-cytocompatibility
#17
Zehui Liu, Yizhou Zhu, Xiangmei Liu, K W K Yeung, Shuilin Wu
Comparing with traditional drug dosage form, controlled release systems offer more effective and favorable route to deliver drugs in optimum dose to specific sites with long term release duration. In this work, an effective drug delivery system composed of poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/poly (lactide-glycolide acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) with encapsulated vancomycin (Van), is constructed on the surface of biomedical titanium. The PVA/PLGA/Van NPs synthesized via double emulsion route are grafted onto the surface of titanium plates modified by alkaline-heat treatment and subsequent aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) deposition...
December 15, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000172/implementation-of-a-precision-pathology-program-focused-on-oncology-based-prognostic-and-predictive-outcomes
#18
Michael J Donovan, Carlos Cordon-Cardo
Personalized or precision medicine as a diagnostic and therapeutic paradigm was introduced some 10-15 years ago, with the advent of biomarker discovery as a mechanism for identifying prognostic and predictive attributes associated with treatment indication and outcome. While the concept is not new, the successful development and implementation of novel 'companion diagnostics', especially in oncology, continues to represent a significant challenge and is currently at the forefront of smart trial design and therapeutic choice...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998135/luminescent-poly-vinyl-alcohol-carbon-quantum-dots-composites-with-tunable-water-induced-shape-memory-behavior-in-different-ph-and-temperature-environments
#19
Guanghui Yang, Xuejuan Wan, Yijin Liu, Rui Li, Yikun Su, Xierong Zeng, Jiaoning Tang
Luminescent water-induced shape memory polymer (SMP) composites with tunable shape recovery rate are developed by blending poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and carbon quantum dots (CQDs). The oxygen and active hydrogen-rich CQDs can serve as extra physical cross-linking points in PVA via strong hydrogen bonding interaction, which largely improves the shape memory performances of PVA. At room temperature, water can successfully actuate the shape recovery of deformed PVA/CQDs composite. It is demonstrated that this water-induced shape recovery is mainly attributed to the plasticizing effect of water and its competitive hydrogen bonding...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998111/carbon-dot-coated-alginate-beads-as-a-smart-stimuli-responsive-drug-delivery-system
#20
Sristi Majumdar, Gargee Krishnatreya, Neelam Gogoi, Debajit Thakur, Devasish Chowdhury
In this work, we report a smart stimuli-responsive drug delivery system (DDS) that can release drug depending upon the amount of pathogen (MRSA) present in the target. A greater amount of MRSA in the system will lead to more release of drug and vice versa. Carbon-dot-coated novel alginate beads (CA-CD) exhibiting superior stability was successfully used as smart drug delivery vehicle. Garlic extract (GE), which contains allicin, was taken as model drug system to demonstrate the phenomena. It was observed that GE loading was 19 and 78% with CA and CA-CD, respectively...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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