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inorganic chemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730356/seasonal-variation-of-chemical-composition-and-source-apportionment-of-pm2-5-in-pune-india
#1
Ranjeeta D Gawhane, Pasumarthi Surya Prakasa Rao, Krishnakant B Budhavant, Vinayak Waghmare, Dhananjay C Meshram, Pramod D Safai
Particulate matter with size less than or equal to 2.5 μm (PM2.5) samples were collected from an urban site Pune, India, during April 2015 to April 2016. The samples were analyzed for various chemical constituents, including water soluble inorganic ions, organic carbon (OC), and elemental carbon (EC). The yearly mean total mass concentration of PM2.5 at Pune was 37.3 μg/m(3), which is almost four times higher than the annual WHO standard (10 μg/m(3)), and almost equal to that recommended by the Central Pollution Control Board, India (40 μg/m(3))...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730213/magnetic-separation-its-application-in-mining-waste-purification-medicine-biochemistry-and-chemistry
#2
REVIEW
M Iranmanesh, J Hulliger
The use of strong magnetic field gradients and high magnetic fields generated by permanent magnets or superconducting coils has found applications in many fields such as mining, solid state chemistry, biochemistry and medical research. Lab scale or industrial implementations involve separation of macro- and nanoparticles, cells, proteins, and macromolecules down to small molecules and ions. Most promising are those attempts where the object to be separated is attached to a strong magnetic nanoparticle. Here, all kinds of specific affinity interactions are used to attach magnetic carrier particles to mainly objects of biological interest...
July 21, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727218/altered-sediment-biota-and-lagoon-habitat-carbonate-dynamics-due-to-sea-cucumber-bioturbation-in-a-high-pco2-environment
#3
Kennedy Wolfe, Francisco Vidal-Ramirez, Sophie Dove, Dione Deaker, Maria Byrne
The effects of global change on biological systems and functioning are already measureable, but how ecological interactions are being altered is poorly understood. Ecosystem resilience is strengthened by ecological functionality, which depends on trophic interactions between key species and resilience generated through biogenic buffering. Climate-driven alterations to coral reef metabolism, structural complexity and biodiversity are well documented, but the feedbacks between ocean change and trophic interactions of non-coral invertebrates are understudied...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725901/zinc-binding-sites-in-pra1-a-zincophore-from-candida-albicans
#4
Dorota Łoboda, Magdalena Rowińska-Żyrek
The aim of this work is to understand the interactions of Zn(ii) with Pra1, a zincophore from Candida albicans, one of the most common causes of serious fungal infections in humans. Pra1 is a 299 amino acid protein, secreted from the fungus to specifically bind Zn(ii) and deliver it to a transmembrane zinc transporter, Zrt1. We take the first step towards understanding the bioinorganic chemistry of this process, by pointing out the Zn(ii) binding sites in Pra1 and understanding the thermodynamics of such interactions...
July 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719021/high-temperature-ionic-epitaxy-of-halide-perovskite-thin-film-and-the-hidden-carrier-dynamics
#5
Yiping Wang, Xin Sun, Zhizhong Chen, Yi-Yang Sun, Shengbai Zhang, Toh-Ming Lu, Esther Wertz, Jian Shi
High-temperature vapor phase epitaxy (VPE) has been proved ubiquitously powerful in enabling high-performance electro-optic devices in III-V semiconductor field. A typical example is the successful growth of p-type GaN by VPE for blue light-emitting diodes. VPE excels as it controls film defects such as point/interface defects and grain boundary, thanks to its high-temperature processing condition and controllable deposition rate. For the first time, single-crystalline high-temperature VPE halide perovskite thin film has been demonstrated-a unique platform on unveiling previously uncovered carrier dynamics in inorganic halide perovskites...
July 18, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718644/general-and-direct-method-for-preparing-oligonucleotide-functionalized-metal-organic-framework-nanoparticles
#6
Shunzhi Wang, C Michael McGuirk, Michael B Ross, Shuya Wang, Pengcheng Chen, Hang Xing, Yuan Liu, Chad A Mirkin
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of modular, crystalline, and porous materials that hold promise for storage and transport of chemical cargoes. Though MOFs have been studied in bulk forms, ways of deliberately manipulating the external surface functionality of MOF nanoparticles are less developed. A generalizable approach to modify their surfaces would allow one to impart chemical functionality onto the particle surface that is independent of the bulk MOF structure. Moreover, the use of a chemically programmable ligand, such as DNA, would allow for the manipulation of interparticle interactions...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710546/18th-international-conference-on-biological-inorganic-chemistry
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706325/axsis-exploring-the-frontiers-in-attosecond-x-ray-science-imaging-and-spectroscopy
#8
F X Kärtner, F Ahr, A-L Calendron, H Çankaya, S Carbajo, G Chang, G Cirmi, K Dörner, U Dorda, A Fallahi, A Hartin, M Hemmer, R Hobbs, Y Hua, W R Huang, R Letrun, N Matlis, V Mazalova, O D Mücke, E Nanni, W Putnam, K Ravi, F Reichert, I Sarrou, X Wu, A Yahaghi, H Ye, L Zapata, D Zhang, C Zhou, R J D Miller, K K Berggren, H Graafsma, A Meents, R W Assmann, H N Chapman, P Fromme
X-ray crystallography is one of the main methods to determine atomic-resolution 3D images of the whole spectrum of molecules ranging from small inorganic clusters to large protein complexes consisting of hundred-thousands of atoms that constitute the macromolecular machinery of life. Life is not static, and unravelling the structure and dynamics of the most important reactions in chemistry and biology is essential to uncover their mechanism. Many of these reactions, including photosynthesis which drives our biosphere, are light induced and occur on ultrafast timescales...
September 1, 2016: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702517/fundamental-chemistry-of-binary-s-n-and-ternary-s-n-o-anions-analogues-of-sulfur-oxides-and-n-o-anions
#9
Tristram Chivers, Risto S Laitinen
Binary S,N anions, e.g., NSN(2-) and SSNSS(-), and related ternary S,N,O anions such as the structural isomers NSO(-)/SNO(-) and SSNO(-) are rarely mentioned in inorganic chemistry textbooks, despite the fact that their salts were synthesised and structurally characterised more than 30 years ago. These fundamentally important species and their conjugate acids, e.g. HNSO and HSNO, have been the focus of numerous investigations in recent years in view of their significance in disciplines as diverse as atmospheric chemistry and cell biology...
July 12, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700203/mechanisms-of-atmospherically-relevant-cluster-growth
#10
Bryan R Bzdek, Joseph W DePalma, Murray V Johnston
Atmospheric aerosols impact global climate either directly by scattering solar radiation or indirectly by serving as cloud condensation nuclei, which influence cloud albedo and precipitation patterns. Our scientific understanding of these impacts is poor relative to that of, for instance, greenhouse gases, in part because it is difficult to predict particle number concentrations. One important pathway by which particles are added to the atmosphere is new particle formation, where gas phase precursors form molecular clusters that subsequently grow to the climatically relevant size range (50-100 nm diameter)...
July 12, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689149/the-response-of-soil-and-stream-chemistry-to-decreases-in-acid-deposition-in-the-catskill-mountains-new-york-usa
#11
Michael R McHale, Douglas A Burns, Jason Siemion, Michael R Antidormi
The Catskill Mountains have been adversely impacted by decades of acid deposition, however, since the early 1990s, levels have decreased sharply as a result of decreases in emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. This study examines trends in acid deposition, stream-water chemistry, and soil chemistry in the southeastern Catskill Mountains. We measured significant reductions in acid deposition and improvement in stream-water quality in 5 streams included in this study from 1992 to 2014. The largest, most significant trends were for sulfate (SO4(2-)) concentrations (mean trend of -2...
July 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678794/ammonium-tetrathiomolybdate-following-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-chemistry-pharmacology-and-impact-of-a-new-class-of-sulfide-donor-in-preclinical-injury-models
#12
Alex Dyson, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Giovanni Sabbatini, Anna B Lach, Federica Galfo, Juliano Dos Santos Cardoso, Bruna Pescador Mendonça, Iain Hargreaves, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Daniel I Bromage, John F Martin, Kevin P Moore, Martin Feelisch, Mervyn Singer
BACKGROUND: Early revascularization of ischemic organs is key to improving outcomes, yet consequent reperfusion injury may be harmful. Reperfusion injury is largely attributed to excess mitochondrial production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Sulfide inhibits mitochondria and reduces ROS production. Ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (ATTM), a copper chelator, releases sulfide in a controlled and novel manner, and may offer potential therapeutic utility. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In vitro, ATTM releases sulfide in a time-, pH-, temperature-, and thiol-dependent manner...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675238/indirect-photodegradation-of-the-lampricides-tfm-and-niclosamide
#13
Megan B McConville, Stephen P Mezyk, Christina K Remucal
3-Trifluromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM) and 2',5-dichloro-4'-nitrosalicylanilide (niclosamide) are lampricides used in tributaries of the Great Lakes to kill the invasive parasitic sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus). Although the lampricides have been applied since the late 1950s, their photochemical behavior in natural environments is still not well understood. This study examines the indirect photodegradation of these two compounds and the resulting yields of organic and inorganic photoproducts in water samples collected from five tributaries of Lake Michigan...
July 4, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671811/functional-organophosphonate-interfaces-for-nanotechnology-a-review
#14
Anna Cattani-Scholz
Optimization of interfaces in inorganic-organic device systems depends strongly on understanding both the molecular processes that are involved in surface modification, and of the effects that such modification have on the electronic states of the material. In particular, the last several years have seen passivation and functionalization of semiconductor surfaces to be strategies to realize devices with superior function by controlling Fermi level energies, band gap magnitudes, and work functions of semiconducting substrates...
July 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668991/effect-of-metalimnetic-gradient-on-phytoplankton-and-zooplankton-rotifera-crustacea-communities-in-different-trophic-conditions
#15
Maciej Karpowicz, Jolanta Ejsmont-Karabin
Theory predicts and recent study revealed that depth of the thermocline can strongly influence the nutrient availability and composition of plankton communities. We are focused on the effect of metalimnetic gradients on water chemistry and plankton communities in three stratified lakes with different trophic conditions. Vertical changes in water chemistry revealed significant increase of macroelement concentrations in the metalimnion of all studied lakes. However, there was no significant increase of nutrient concentrations in the thermocline of lakes with smoother metalimnetic gradient, whereas sharp and deep thermocline zone caused higher concentration of orthophosphates and dissolved inorganic nitrogen in the metalimnion...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665585/cryotem-as-an-advanced-analytical-tool-for-materials-chemists
#16
Joseph P Patterson, Yifei Xu, Mohammad-Amin Moradi, Nico A J M Sommerdijk, Heiner Friedrich
Morphology plays an essential role in chemistry through the segregation of atoms and/or molecules into different phases, delineated by interfaces. This is a general process in materials synthesis and exploited in many fields including colloid chemistry, heterogeneous catalysis, and functional molecular systems. To rationally design complex materials, we must understand and control morphology evolution. Toward this goal, we utilize cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryoTEM), which can track the structural evolution of materials in solution with nanometer spatial resolution and a temporal resolution of <1 s...
June 30, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660983/minimal-edge-transitive-nets-for-the-design-and-construction-of-metal-organic-frameworks
#17
Zhijie Chen, Hao Jiang, Michael O'Keeffe, Mohamed Eddaoudi
Highly-connected and minimal edge-transitive nets (with one or two kinds of edge) can be regarded as ideal blueprints for the rational design and construction of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Here we report and affirm the prominence of highly-connected nets as suitable targets in reticular chemistry for the design and synthesis of MOFs. Of special interest are augmented highly-connected binodal edge-transitive nets embedding a unique and precise positioning and connectivity of the net vertex figures, regarded as net-coded building units (net-cBUs)...
June 29, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660952/a-novel-generation-of-hybrid-photochromic-vinylidene-naphthofuran-silica-nanoparticles-through-fine-tuning-of-surface-chemistry
#18
Tânia V Pinto, Céu M Sousa, Carlos A D Sousa, Mohamed M Aboelhassan, Andreia F Peixoto, Clara Pereira, Paulo J Coelho, Cristina Freire
Novel photochromic 1-vinylidene-naphtho[2,1-b]furan derivatives (VNF-1 and VNF-2) were successfully anchored onto silica nanoparticles (SiO2 NPs) through direct adsorption (SiO2@VNF-1) and covalent post-grafting (SiO2@VNF-2). SiO2 NPs with different sizes (15 ± 3 and 123 ± 7 nm) and surface chemistry (pHpzc in the range of 5-9) were used, offering a wide range of possibilities to fabricate tailor-made photochromic materials. The characterization of VNF-based SiO2 NPs confirmed the efficient VNF immobilization and the integrity of both organic and inorganic components...
July 18, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660338/trends-in-analysis-of-gunshot-residue-for-forensic-purposes
#19
REVIEW
Zuzanna Brożek-Mucha
Detection and identification of organic and inorganic components of gunshot residue are well established within forensic chemistry because of highly characteristic and uncommon features of the products of ammunition discharge at the time and place of a shooting incident in comparison to other materials present in daily life of people. Both types of residue play an important role in establishing various circumstances of a shooting crime, though the most vital one concerns the possibility of relating a suspect with the activity of shooting...
June 28, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657319/gradient-coating-of-polydopamine-via-cdr
#20
Mei-Xia Zhao, Junwei Li, Xiaohu Gao
Surfaces with gradient properties are of central importance for a number of chemical and biological processes. Here, we report rapid generation of a polydopamine (PDA) gradient on hydrophobic surfaces by a simple, low cost, and general technology, cyclic draining-replenishing (CDR). Due to the unique surface chemistry of PDA, it enables continuous and precise control of surface wettability and subsequent deposition of organic and inorganic compounds. Using kanamycin as a model compound, we show that the gradient PDA membrane potentially can be used to prepare minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) test strips for quantifying resistance of antimicrobial agents from microorganisms...
June 28, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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