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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434154/protective-effects-of-cell-free-supernatant-and-live-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-thai-pigs-against-a-pandemic-strain-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus
#1
Wandee Sirichokchatchawan, Gun Temeeyasen, Dachrit Nilubol, Nuvee Prapasarakul
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a coronavirus which causes severe diarrhea and fatal dehydration in piglets. In general, probiotic supplements could enhance recovery and protect piglets against enteric pathogens. Seven local lactic acid bacteria (LAB), (Ent. faecium 79N and 40N, Lact. plantarum 22F, 25F and 31F, Ped. acidilactici 72N and Ped. pentosaceus 77F) from pig feces were well-characterized as high potential probiotics. Cell-free supernatants (CFS) and live LAB were evaluated for antiviral activities by co-incubation on Vero cells and challenged with a pandemic strain of PEDV isolated from pigs in Thailand...
April 22, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434136/facial-expressions-and-speech-acts-experimental-evidences-on-the-role-of-the-upper-face-as-an-illocutionary-force-indicating-device-in-language-comprehension
#2
Filippo Domaneschi, Marcello Passarelli, Carlo Chiorri
Language scientists have broadly addressed the problem of explaining how language users recognize the kind of speech act performed by a speaker uttering a sentence in a particular context. They have done so by investigating the role played by the illocutionary force indicating devices (IFIDs), i.e., all linguistic elements that indicate the illocutionary force of an utterance. The present work takes a first step in the direction of an experimental investigation of non-verbal IFIDs because it investigates the role played by facial expressions and, in particular, of upper-face action units (AUs) in the comprehension of three basic types of illocutionary force: assertions, questions, and orders...
April 22, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434131/knowing-how-and-knowing-why-testing-the-effect-of-instruction-designed-for-cognitive-integration-on-procedural-skills-transfer
#3
Jeffrey J H Cheung, Kulamakan M Kulasegaram, Nicole N Woods, Carol-Anne Moulton, Charlotte V Ringsted, Ryan Brydges
Transfer is a desired outcome of simulation-based training, yet evidence for how instructional design features promote transfer is lacking. In clinical reasoning, transfer is improved when trainees experience instruction integrating basic science explanations with clinical signs and symptoms. To test whether integrated instruction has similar effects in procedural skills (i.e., psychomotor skills) training, we studied the impact of instruction that integrates conceptual (why) and procedural (how) knowledge on the retention and transfer of simulation-based lumbar puncture (LP) skill...
April 22, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434105/far-infrared-ray-for-treating-chronic-lower-extremity-lymphedema-with-dermatolymphangioadenitis-a-postoperative-complication-of-gynecological-tumor-resection
#4
Ke Li, Heng Xu, Ning Fei Liu, Parviz Sadigh, Verity Evans, Yi Xin Zhang
PURPOSE: Lower extremity lymphedema is regarded as a relatively common postoperative complication and is often accompanied with dermatolymphangioadenitis (DLA). This study combines clinical assessment and laboratory investigation to explore therapeutic effects of far-infrared radiation (FIR) therapy for chronic lower extremity lymphedema accompanied with DLA, occurring after gynecological tumor resection. METHODS: Patients who met inclusion and exclusion criteria would be enrolled...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434102/outcomes-following-surgical-management-of-cauda-equina-syndrome-does-race-matter
#5
Amit Jain, Emmanuel Menga, Addisu Mesfin
Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a surgical emergency requiring urgent spinal decompression. Our objective is to analyze the association between race and in-hospital outcomes (complications, mortality, length of stay, and discharge disposition) in patients with CES. This is a retrospective cohort study of CES patients identified via the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2000 to 2010 in inpatient hospitalizations in the USA. The patient sample includes 46,017 patients ≥18 undergoing spine surgery for CES...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434095/patient-reported-outcomes-in-cancer-survivors-a-population-wide-cross-sectional-study
#6
Michael Jefford, Andrew C Ward, Karolina Lisy, Karen Lacey, Jon D Emery, Adam W Glaser, Hannah Cross, Mei Krishnasamy, Sue-Anne McLachlan, Jim Bishop
PURPOSE: There is a lack of robust population-based data regarding the lived experience of cancer survivors. This study assessed the quality of life (QoL) of survivors of breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer, non-Hodgkin lymphoma or melanoma 1, 3 and 5 years post-diagnosis. Associations between various demographic and disease-related factors and QoL were assessed. METHODS: A cross-sectional postal survey was undertaken. Eligible participants were identified from a population-based cancer registry...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434094/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-colorectal-cancer-patients
#7
REVIEW
Catherine E Mosher, Joseph G Winger, Barbara A Given, Safi Shahda, Paul R Helft
PURPOSE: A significant minority of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients experience clinically meaningful distress that may warrant intervention. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the impact of psychosocial interventions on quality-of-life and psychosocial outcomes for CRC patients. METHODS: A systematic search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and PsycARTICLES was undertaken to obtain relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published through October 2016...
April 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434092/cyberbullying-victimization-and-adolescent-mental-health-evidence-of-differential-effects-by-sex-and-mental-health-problem-type
#8
Soyeon Kim, Scott R Colwell, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6-12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434083/predictors-of-a-successful-outcome-for-infants-with-short-bowel-syndrome-a-30-year-single-institution-experience
#9
Tatsuru Kaji, Kazuhiko Nakame, Seiro Machigashira, Takafumi Kawano, Ryuta Masuya, Waka Yamada, Koji Yamada, Shun Onishi, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
PURPOSE: Short-bowel syndrome (SBS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. We conducted this study to establish the predictors of survival and weaning off parenteral nutrition (PN). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 16 SBS infants treated at our institution within a 30-year period. SBS was defined as a residual small-bowel length (RSBL) of <75 cm. Loss of the ileocecal valve (ICV), cholestasis (D-Bil >2.0 mg/dl), enterostomy, and RSBL were all evaluated...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434081/the-outcomes-of-pediatric-liver-retransplantation-from-a-living-donor-a-17-year-single-center-experience
#10
Kohei Miura, Seisuke Sakamoto, Keita Shimata, Masaki Honda, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshifumi Wakai, Yasuhiko Sugawara, Yukihiro Inomata
PURPOSE: Liver retransplantation is the only therapeutic option for patients with graft failure after liver transplantation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric retransplantation from living donor at a single center. METHODS: Between December 1998 to August 2015, retransplantation from a living donor was performed for 14 children (<18 years of age) at Kumamoto University Hospital. The characteristics of the retransplantation recipient and the clinicopathological factors between primary transplantation and retransplantation were analyzed to detect the prognostic factors...
April 22, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434063/constrained-photophysics-of-5-7-dimethoxy-2-3-4-9-tetrahydro-1h-carbazol-1-one-in-the-bioenvironment-of-serum-albumins-a-spectroscopic-endeavour-supported-by-molecular-docking-analysis
#11
Amrit Krishna Mitra, Abhishek Sau, Uttam Pal, Chandan Saha, Samita Basu
This paper vividly indicates that steady state as well as time-resolved fluorescence techniques can serve as highly sensitive monitors to explore the interactions of 5,7-dimethoxy-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-carbazol-1-one with model transport proteins, bovine serum albumin (BSA) and human serum albumin (HSA). Besides these, we have used fluorescence anisotropy study to assess the degree of restrictions imparted by the micro-environments of serum albumins. Again, to speculate the triplet excited state interaction between such fluorophore and albumin proteins (BSA& HSA), laser flash-photolysis experiments have been carried out...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434024/chaotic-dynamics-in-the-seasonally-forced-sir-epidemic-model
#12
Pablo G Barrientos, J Ángel Rodríguez, Alfonso Ruiz-Herrera
We prove analytically the existence of chaotic dynamics in the forced SIR model. Although numerical experiments have already suggested that this model can exhibit chaotic dynamics, a rigorous proof (without computer-aided) was not given before. Under seasonality in the transmission rate, the coexistence of low birth and mortality rates with high recovery and transmission rates produces infinitely many periodic and aperiodic patterns together with sensitive dependence on the initial conditions.
April 22, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434008/impact-of-weight-related-discrimination-body-dissatisfaction-and-self-stigma-on-the-desire-to-weigh-less
#13
Franziska Jung, Jenny Spahlholz, Anja Hilbert, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Claudia Luck-Sikorski
AIM: Currently, health care professionals plead for stabilization of weight and improving health conditions rather than focusing on weight loss only. Individuals with obesity have been shown to report weight loss goals that are much higher than what has been suggested by guidelines. The aim was to determine whether weight discrimination and body dissatisfaction have an impact on how much weight an individual with obesity wants to lose. METHODS: In this representative telephone survey, 878 participants with obesity were asked about their experiences with weight stigma, their body image concerns, and about the amount of weight they would like to weigh using random digital dialing and Kish selection grid to ensure random selection of participants...
April 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433991/the-effect-of-traumatic-experiences-and-psychiatric-symptoms-on-the-life-satisfaction-of-north-korean-refugees
#14
Yeonsun Choi, Sun Young Lim, Jin Yong Jun, So Hee Lee, So Young Yoo, Soohyun Kim, Ah Reum Gwak, Ji-Chul Kim, Yu Jin Lee, Seog Ju Kim
BACKGROUND: Successful adaptation of refugees to a new society can be hindered by traumatic experiences and psychiatric symptoms. This study aims to examine the relationship between trauma, psychiatric symptoms and life satisfaction of North Korean refugees resettled in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 211 North Korean refugees living in South Korea completed a series of questionnaires on the history of their previous traumatic experiences, life satisfaction in South Korea, depression, anxiety, somatization and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms...
April 22, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433987/radiofrequency-lesions-through-deep-brain-stimulation-electrodes-in-movement-disorders-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Javier Pérez-Suárez, Cristina V Torres Díaz, Lydia López Manzanares, Marta Navas García, Jesús Pastor, Patricia Barrio Fernández, Rafael G de Sola
BACKGROUND: Although there are few reports of radiofrequency lesions performed through deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes in patients with movement disorders, experience with this method is scarce. METHODS: We present 2 patients who had been previously treated with DBS of subthalamic nuclei (STN) and the ventral intermediate (VIM) nucleus of the thalamus for Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, respectively, and underwent a radiofrequency lesion through their DBS electrodes after developing a hardware infection...
April 22, 2017: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#16
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433926/discredited-legacy-stigma-and-familial-amyloid-polyneuropathy-in-northwestern-portugal
#17
Álvaro Mendes, Liliana Sousa, Jorge Sequeiros, Angus Clarke
RATIONALE: Genetic inherited conditions may result in feelings of stigmatisation, mainly because of visible physical appearance and its transmissibility to offspring. OBJECTIVE: This article reports accounts of stigmatisation from Portuguese patients affected by the inherited neurodegenerative disease, familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP), living in the largest cluster of patients worldwide. METHOD: We draw on semi-structured interviews conducted with individuals at-risk or affected by FAP, recruited through the national patients' association, about their experiences of stigmatisation related to the illness...
April 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433909/culturing-of-selenastrum-on-diluted-composting-fluids-conversion-of-waste-to-valuable-algal-biomass-in-presence-of-bacteria
#18
Marika Tossavainen, Anne Nykänen, Kalle Valkonen, Anne Ojala, Silja Kostia, Martin Romantschuk
Growth and fatty acid production of microalga Selenastrum sp. with associated bacteria was studied in lab-scale experiments in three composting leachate liquids. Nutrient reduction in cultures was measured at different initial substrate strengths. A small, pilot-scale photobioreactor (PBR) was used to verify lab-scale results. Similar growth conditions supported growth of both Selenastrum and bacteria. CO2 feed enhanced the production of biomass and lipids in PBR (2.4gL(-1) and 17% DW) compared to lab-scale (0...
April 7, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433908/steam-torrefaction-of-eucalyptus-globulus-for-producing-black-pellets-a-pilot-scale-experience
#19
Luis E Arteaga-Pérez, Héctor Grandón, Mauricio Flores, Cristina Segura, Stephen S Kelley
Steam torrefaction of Eucalyptus globulus was performed at temperatures between 245°C and 265°C in a 100kg/h pilot plant. Torrefied biomass was then pelletized in a 300kg/h unit and the pellets were subject to durability, density and combustion tests. The structural changes measured with FTIR were studied along with the combustion behavior of the materials. Compositional analysis showed that increasing the torrefaction temperature reduced both hemicellulose fraction and overall mass yield (MY). Furthermore, there was a linear relationship between the energy yield (EY) and mass yield (EY=[1...
April 11, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433907/rapid-generation-of-volatile-fatty-acids-vfa-through-anaerobic-acidification-of-livestock-organic-waste-at-low-hydraulic-residence-time-hrt
#20
Kranti Kuruti, Shalini Nakkasunchi, Sameena Begum, Sudharshan Juntupally, Vijayalakshmi Arelli, Gangagni Rao Anupoju
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pre-treatment and F/M (Food to Microorganism) ratios for the rapid generation of volatile fatty acids (VFA) from livestock organic wastes (cattle manure (CM) and poultry litter (PL)) through an anaerobic acidification process at a pH range of 4.5-5.5. Experiments were organized using CM and PL in batch reactors (1L and 25L) with and with no pre-treatment of substrate at F/M ratios (0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1). Among various existing pre-treatments methods, thermal-acidic (120°C; 1% H2SO4) pre-treatment was found effective...
April 4, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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