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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108701/willingness-to-use-and-have-sex-with-men-taking-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-results-of-online-surveys-of-australian-gay-and-bisexual-men-2011-2015
#1
Martin Holt, Toby Lea, Heather-Marie Schmidt, Johann Kolstee, Jeanne Ellard, Dean Murphy, Hong-Ha Truong, John de Wit
OBJECTIVE: Assess willingness to use HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), support for others using it and willingness to have sex with partners using PrEP among Australian gay and bisexual men (GBM). METHODS: National, online cross-sectional surveys of Australian GBM were conducted in 2011, 2013 and 2015. Scales measuring support for and willingness to have sex with men using PrEP were developed in 2015 using factor analysis. Trends and associations with key measures were analysed using multivariate logistic regression...
January 20, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088742/patterns-of-drug-use-and-hiv-infection-among-adults-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Stephanie Shiau, Stephen M Arpadi, Michael T Yin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND: Little is known about drug use patterns among people living with HIV in comparison to an uninfected group in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between legal and illegal drug use and HIV infection in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. METHODS: Public use data files (2005-2014) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were used. Respondents were asked whether a medical professional had ever told them that they had HIV/AIDS...
January 7, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049459/can-psychosocial-and-socio-demographic-questions-help-identify-sexual-risk-among-heterosexually-active-women-of-reproductive-age-evidence-from-britain-s-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#3
Natalie Edelman, Jackie A Cassell, Richard de Visser, Philip Prah, Catherine H Mercer
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive advice and supply (CAS) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing are increasingly provided in primary care. Most risk assessment tools are based on sexual risk behaviours and socio-demographics, for use online or in specialist services. Combining socio-demographic and psychosocial questions (e.g. religious belief and formative experience) may generate an acceptable tool for targeting women in primary care who would benefit from intervention. We aimed to identify psychosocial and socio-demographic factors associated with reporting key sexual risk behaviours among women in the British general population...
January 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034356/improving-cancer-care-for-children-in-the-developing-world-challenges-and-strategies
#4
Zakiya Al Lamki
Cancer is a global health problem particularly in developing countries where the burden of cancer is ever increasing and claiming the lives of about 100,000 children under the age of 15 years every year. Majority of these occur in the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) where 90% of world children live. Contributing factors to this trend is the reduction of communicable diseases and emergence of new infections, improvement of nutrition and socio-economic conditions, industrialization and urbanization. However, due to its complexity, childhood cancer is given the least priority by the governments' funding...
December 30, 2016: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998406/-risk-behaviors-among-newly-reported-burmese-hiv-infection-in-dehong-dai-and-jingpo-autonomous-prefectures-of-yunnan-province-2015
#5
L Li, Y C Zhang, Y C Yang, Y F Cao, R H Tang, R H Ye, S J Yang, S T Yao, J B Wang, S Duan, N He
Objective: To study the AIDS-related socio-demographic characteristics and high risk behaviors of Burmese HIV-infected individuals, in Dehong prefecture, Yunnan province. Methods: A cross-sectional study with questionnaire interview, was conducted. Results: Features of the 489 HIV-infected individuals appearfed as: 367(75.1%) males, 407(83.2%) illiterate or with primary education, 371(75.9%) from Kachin State or Shan State, 306(62.6%) visited Dehong twice or more per year, 238(48.7%) entered Dehong illegally, 339(69...
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941102/impact-of-improving-community-based-access-to-malaria-diagnosis-and-treatment-on-household-costs
#6
Joëlle Castellani, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, Borislava Mihaylova, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Mohamadou Siribié, Chinenye Afonne, Andrew Balyeku, Luc Sermé, Armande K Sanou, Benjamin S Sombié, Alfred B Tiono, Sodiomon B Sirima, Vanessa Kabarungi, Catherine O Falade, Josephine Kyaligonza, Silvia M A A Evers, Aggie T G Paulus, Max Petzold, Jan Singlovic, Melba Gomes
BACKGROUND:  Community health workers (CHWs) were trained in Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Uganda to diagnose febrile children using malaria rapid diagnostic tests, and treat positive malaria cases with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and those who could not take oral medicines with rectal artesunate. We quantified the impact of this intervention on private household costs for childhood febrile illness. METHODS:  Households with recent febrile illness in a young child in previous 2 weeks were selected randomly before and during the intervention and data obtained on household costs for the illness episode...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907848/fatal-and-non-fatal-overdose-after-narcology-hospital-discharge-among-russians-living-with-hiv-aids-who-inject-drugs
#7
Alexander Y Walley, Debbie M Cheng, Emily K Quinn, Elena Blokhina, Natalia Gnatienko, Christine E Chaisson, Evgeny Krupitsky, Philip O Coffin, Jeffrey H Samet
OBJECTIVES: Among Russians living with HIV/AIDS who inject drugs, we examined the incidence of fatal and non-fatal overdoses following discharge from a narcology hospital and the associations with more advanced HIV infection. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of data collected at baseline, 3 and 6 months from HIV-infected patients with a history of injection drug use who were not treated with anti-retroviral therapy. Participants were recruited between 2012-2014 from a narcology (addiction) hospital in St...
January 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876048/an-integrated-approach-to-care-attracts-people-living-with-hiv-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-an-urban-centre-with-a-concentrated-hiv-epidemic
#8
S Fernando, R McNeil, K Closson, H Samji, S Kirkland, C Strike, R Baltzer Turje, W Zhang, R S Hogg, S Parashar
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV (PLHIV) who are also marginalized by social and structural inequities often face barriers to accessing and adhering to HIV treatment and care. The Dr. Peter Centre (DPC) is a non-profit integrated care facility with a supervised injection room that serves PLHIV experiencing multiple barriers to social and health services in Vancouver, Canada. This study examines whether the DPC is successful in drawing in PLHIV with complex health issues, including addiction...
November 22, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684066/household-knowledge-of-antimicrobials-and-antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-wake-of-an-accredited-drug-dispensing-outlet-addo-program-rollout-in-tanzania
#9
Daudi Simba, Deodatus Kakoko, Innocent Semali, Anna Kessy, Martha Embrey
INTRODUCTION: Private sector drug shops are an important source of medicines in Tanzania. In 2003, the government introduced the accredited drug dispensing outlet (ADDO) program to improve access to good-quality medicines in rural and peri-urban areas that have frequent drug shortages in public health facilities and few or no registered pharmacies. However, increasing access may also contribute to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) due to the potential overuse and misuse of drugs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional household survey in four regions in mainland Tanzaniato characterize consumer care-seeking habits and medicines use and to determine the extent to which members of the community are knowledgeable about antimicrobials and AMR...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664013/suicidal-behavior-among-people-living-with-hiv-plhiv-in-medical-care-in-estonia-and-factors-associated-with-receiving-psychological-treatment
#10
Liis Lemsalu, Kristi Rüütel, Kaja-Triin Laisaar, Liilia Lõhmus, Aire Raidvee, Anneli Uusküla
People living with HIV (PLHIV) have higher rates of suicidal behavior than the general population. This study assessed suicidal behavior (ideation and/or attempts, ever and in the past 12 months) among PLHIV receiving outpatient HIV medical care in Estonia and associations between suicidal behavior and psychological treatment. The cross-sectional study collected data from January to November 2013 using a self-report questionnaire. Eight hundred PLHIV participated, 39 % (n = 306) of whom had been suicidal...
September 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626638/hiv-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-young-people-in-iran-findings-of-a-national-population-based-survey-in-2013
#11
Mostafa Shokoohi, Mohammad Karamouzian, Ali Mirzazadeh, AliAkbar Haghdoost, Ali-Ahmad Rafierad, Abbas Sedaghat, Hamid Sharifi
INTRODUCTION: The evidence is mixed on the HIV knowledge, attitude, and practices of youth in Iran. The aim of the current study was to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Iranian youth towards HIV through a national survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through a cross-sectional study with multistage cluster sampling, we administered a pilot-tested standard questionnaire to assess the levels of HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices of individuals aged 15-29 years old...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624771/histomonosis-in-poultry-previous-and-current-strategies-for-prevention-and-therapy
#12
D Liebhart, P Ganas, T Sulejmanovic, M Hess
Histomonosis is a parasitic disease of poultry with worldwide prevalence. The disease can cause morbidity and mortality in chicken and turkey flocks entailing severe economic losses. In the first half of the last century, there was a high demand to control histomonosis as the turkey industry was severely affected by the disease. Consequently, numerous chemical compounds were tested for their efficacy against Histomonas meleagridis with varying outcomes, that are summarized and specified in this review. At the same time, preliminary attempts to protect birds with cultured histomonads indicated the possibility of vaccination...
February 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609532/harder-to-reach-people-living-with-hiv-experiencing-high-prevalence-of-all-type-mental-health-disorder-diagnosis
#13
Kate A Salters, Marina Irick, Aranka Anema, Wendy Zhang, Surita Parashar, Thomas L Patterson, Yalin Chen, Julian Somers, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg
People living with HIV/AIDS (PHA) often concurrently cope with mental health disorders that may greatly influence HIV and other health-related outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of self-reported mental health disorder diagnosis among a cohort of harder-to-reach HIV-positive individuals in British Columbia, Canada. Between 2007 and 2010, 1000 PHA who had initiated ART were enrolled in the Longitudinal Investigation into Supportive and Ancillary health services (LISA) study...
September 9, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584590/mass-drug-administration-and-the-global-control-of-schistosomiasis-successes-limitations-and-clinical-outcomes
#14
David U Olveda, Donald P McManus, Allen G P Ross
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preventive chemotherapy is advocated for the global control and elimination of schistosomiasis. Despite the well known short-term benefits of treating patients for schistosomiasis, the impact of mass drug administration (MDA) campaigns to control the disease in the long term remains unresolved. RECENT FINDINGS: Many studies have advocated the success of MDA programs in order to attract donor funds for elimination efforts but such successes are often short-lived given the drug does not alter the life cycle of the organism or prevent reinfection...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521803/hepatitis-c-global-epidemiology-and-strategies-for-control
#15
REVIEW
S Lanini, P J Easterbrook, A Zumla, G Ippolito
It is estimated that globally there are approximately 100 million persons with serological evidence of current or past HCV infection, and that HCV causes about 700 000 deaths each year. The prevalence of infection is the highest in lower and middle income countries, in which a significant number of past infections were caused by iatrogenic transmission and sub-optimal injection safety. In contrast, in developed countries, infections are caused mainly by high-risk exposures and behaviours among specific populations, such as persons who inject drugs...
October 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509401/is-sexual-content-in-new-media-linked-to-sexual-risk-behaviour-in-young-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Lucy Watchirs Smith, Bette Liu, Louisa Degenhardt, Juliet Richters, George Patton, Handan Wand, Donna Cross, Jane S Hocking, S Rachel Skinner, Spring Cooper, Catharine Lumby, John M Kaldor, Rebecca Guy
Background: Social networking and digital media increasingly have an impact on the lives of young people. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that examined the relationship between exposure to sexually explicit websites (SEWs) and 'sexting' (i.e. sending semi-nude or nude photos from a mobile phone) and the sexual attitudes and practices of young people. Methods: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses statement, Medline, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for papers that described the statistical association between viewing SEWs or sexting by young people (defined as 10-24 years) and their sexual attitudes and behaviours...
August 11, 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498094/exchange-of-sex-for-drugs-or-money-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-an-examination-of-sociodemographic-factors-hiv-related-risk-and-community-context
#17
Cherrie B Boyer, Lauren Greenberg, Kate Chutuape, Bendu Walker, Dina Monte, Jennifer Kirk, Jonathan M Ellen
The goal of this research was to examine associations among sociodemographic factors, HIV risk, and community context (e.g., economic insecurity, job training, housing instability, crime victimization, and perceived community norms) in adolescents and young adults who ever exchanged sex for drugs or money. Anonymous survey data were collected using ACASIs at community venues where adolescents and young adults congregate in resource-challenged, STI prevalent, urban, US neighborhoods. Conventional descriptive statistics, Fisher's exact tests, and generalized estimating equations approaches were used to examine associations...
February 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424167/prevalence-correlates-and-patterns-of-heroin-use-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
Timothy O Ihongbe, Saba W Masho
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of heroin use, abuse, and dependence has increased considerably over the past decade. This increase has largely been driven by young adults (18-25years). This study aims to improve the understanding of heroin use among young adults by determining the prevalence, correlates, patterns and attitude of heroin use among young adults in the US. METHODS: The 2011-2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health was analyzed. Study population included 55,940 young adults with valid interviews...
December 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391265/prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-viral-and-bacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-toronto
#19
Robert S Remis, Juan Liu, Mona R Loutfy, Wangari Tharao, Anuradha Rebbapragada, Sanja Huibner, Maya Kesler, Roberta Halpenny, Troy Grennan, Jason Brunetta, Graham Smith, Tatjana Reko, Rupert Kaul
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have been associated with HIV transmission risk and disease progression among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM), but the frequency and distribution of STIs in this community in Canada has not been extensively studied. METHODS: We recruited MSM living with and without HIV from a large primary care clinic in Toronto. Participants completed a detailed socio-behavioural questionnaire using ACASI and provided blood for syphilis, HIV, HBV and HCV, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2), and human cytomegalovirus (CMV) serology, urine for chlamydia and gonorrhea, and a self-collected anal swab for human papillomavirus (HPV) molecular diagnostics...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27173661/correlates-of-injection-drug-use-among-individuals-admitted-to-public-and-private-drug-treatment-facilities-in-turkey
#20
Elif Mutlu, Arash Alaei, Melissa Tracy, Katherine Waye, Mustafa Kemal Cetin, Kamiar Alaei
BACKGROUND: The number of individuals seeking treatment for drug use has been increasing in recent years in Turkey. However, existing research on patterns and risk factors for drug use and how they vary by age and location in Turkey is limited. METHODS: We examined the socio-demographic characteristics, drug use behaviors, and treatment history of citizens admitted to inpatient substance use treatment at public and private facilities in Turkey during 2012 and 2013 and identified correlates of lifetime and current injection drug use...
July 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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