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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610435/access-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-a-national-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#1
Nadine Kronfli, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Angela Kaida, Carmen Logie, Tracey Conway, V Logan Kennedy, Ann Burchell, Wangari Tharao, Neora Pick, Mary Kestler, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy, On Behalf Of The Chiwos Research Team
Attrition along the cascade of HIV care poses significant barriers to attaining the UNAIDS targets of 90-90-90 and achieving optimal treatment outcomes for people living with HIV. Understanding the correlates of attrition is critical and particularly for women living with HIV (WLWH) as gender disparities along the cascade have been found. We measured the proportion of the 1425 WLWH enrolled in the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS) who had never accessed HIV medical care, who reported delayed linkage into HIV care (>3 months between diagnosis and initial care linkage), and who were not engaged in HIV care at interview (<1 visit in prior year)...
June 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586701/the-extent-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-overdose-and-self-reported-receipt-of-naloxone-among-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#2
Charlotte O'Halloran, Katelyn Cullen, Jaquelyn Njoroge, Lucy Jessop, Josie Smith, Vivian Hope, Fortune Ncube
BACKGROUND: Overdose is a major cause of death among PWID, and for opioid overdoses naloxone administration can reduce harm. However, globally there is limited national level data on the extent of non-fatal overdose and naloxone uptake. The first national level data on the extent of self-reported overdose and self-reported receipt of naloxone among UK PWID, providing a baseline to monitor the impact of the recent policy change regarding naloxone availability, is presented. METHODS: Data on self-reported overdose and receipt of naloxone during the preceding year for 2013-2014 from a national survey of PWID was analysed...
June 3, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483724/seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-co-infection-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-visiting-antiretroviral-therapy-centres-in-nepal-a-first-nationally-representative-study
#3
G Ionita, A Malviya, R Rajbhandari, W William Schluter, G Sharma, S Kakchapati, S Rijal, S Dixit
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infections among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Nepal. METHODS: A sample of 677 PLHIV representing key affected populations (KAP) in Nepal, who were undergoing antiretroviral (ART) therapy in ART clinics around the country, were voluntarily enrolled in the study. Rapid kit-based testing followed by ELISA for validation was performed, focusing on HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV)...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473307/the-rsvp-project-factors-related-to-disengagement-from-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-among-persons-in-san-francisco
#4
Susan Scheer, Miao-Jung Chen, Maree Kay Parisi, Maya Yoshida-Cervantes, Erin Antunez, Viva Delgado, Nicholas J Moss, Kate Buchacz
BACKGROUND: In the United States, an estimated two-thirds of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection do not achieve viral suppression, including those who have never engaged in HIV care and others who do not stay engaged in care. Persons with an unsuppressed HIV viral load might experience poor clinical outcomes and transmit HIV. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the Re-engaging Surveillance-identified Viremic Persons (RSVP) project in San Francisco, CA, was to use routine HIV surveillance databases to identify, contact, interview, and reengage in HIV care persons who appeared to be out of care because their last HIV viral load was unsuppressed...
May 4, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459881/facilitators-and-barriers-for-retention-in-hiv-care-between-testing-and-treatment-in-asia-a-study-in-bangladesh-indonesia-lao-nepal-pakistan-philippines-and-vietnam
#5
Sushil Koirala, Keshab Deuba, Oranuch Nampaisan, Gaetano Marrone, Anna Mia Ekström
INTRODUCTION: The need for efficient retention in HIV care is more evident than ever because of the expansion of earlier ART initiation and the shift towards 'Test and Treat'. This study assesses factors affecting participation in the HIV care cascade among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific Region. METHODS: A total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling between October 1, 2012, and May 31, 2013, across 59 sites in 7 countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441975/seek-test-treat-substance-using-women-in-the-hiv-treatment-cascade-in-south-africa
#6
Wendee M Wechsberg, Charles van der Horst, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Irene A Doherty, Tracy Kline, Felicia A Browne, Jennifer M Belus, Robin Nance, William A Zule
BACKGROUND: Women in South Africa who use alcohol and other drugs face multiple barriers to HIV care. These barriers make it difficult for women to progress through each step in the HIV treatment cascade from diagnosis to treatment initiation and adherence. This paper examines correlates of HIV status, newly diagnosed HIV status, and use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS: Outreach workers recruited sexually active Black African women who used substances in Pretoria as part of a U...
April 26, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439993/non-smoker-assertive-behaviour-against-smoke-exposure-chinese-and-korean-american-non-smokers
#7
Anne Saw, Hao Tang, Janice Y Tsoh, Moon S Chen, Elisa K Tong
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Non-smokers' assertive behaviour towards smokers by asking them not to smoke is important in promoting smoke-free environments. Korean and Chinese Americans come from countries where most women are non-smokers and assertive behaviour may not be prevalent but may increase after migration because of social-ecological factors. This study assessed the extent to which Korean and Chinese American non-smokers ask someone not to smoke and associated factors. DESIGN AND METHODS: The 2003 California Chinese American and Korean American Tobacco Use Surveys were analysed...
April 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399349/sexually-transmitted-infections-prevalence-knowledge-and-behaviours-among-professional-defence-forces-in-estonia-a-pilot-study
#8
R. David Parker, Kristi Rüütel
OBJECTIVES: Our study assessed sexually transmitted infections (STI) occurrence and risk behaviours from a sample of the defence forces of Estonia. Previous research on military personnel yields various results on the prevalence of STIs and high risk behaviours. The increasing recognition of high risk behaviours among military personnel is evident given increased programmes that focus on education of drug use and risky sexual behaviours. Many militaries conduct routine, periodic screening for diseases such as HIV and viral hepatitis at entry and pre-foreign deployment...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395249/opioid-users-with-comorbid-hepatitis-c-spent-more-time-in-agonist-therapy-a-6-year-observational-study-in-taiwan
#9
Horng-Maw Chen, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Kun-Chia Chang, Kuan-Ying Lee, Ching-Ming Cheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is highly prevalent among opioid agonist therapy (OAT) patients, but little is known about long-term OAT use among this population. METHODS: Subjects diagnosed as opioid dependence were recruited from Mar. 2006 to Jul. 2008 in a psychiatry center in southern Taiwan with the OAT censored in 2012, and their socio-demographics, drug use characteristics, and markers of blood-borne infection were assessed at entry. Correlates with HCV infection and OAT retention were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression...
March 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381234/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-illicit-drug-use-among-university-students-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#10
Siyan Yi, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Indri Hapsari Susilowati
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug use among university students has been recognized as a global public health issue in recent years. It may lead to poor academic performance that in turn leads to poor productivity in their later life. This study explores prevalence of and factors associated with illicit drug use among university students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). METHODS: This multi-country cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam...
April 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361498/disclosure-of-sexual-orientation-to-health-professionals-in-china-results-from-an-online-cross-sectional-study
#11
Weiming Tang, Jessica Mao, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Katie Mollan, Bolin Cao, Terrence Wong, Ye Zhang, Michael Hudgens, Yilu Qin, Larry Han, Baoli Ma, Bin Yang, Wei Ma, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many men who have sex with men (MSM) in China are "in the closet." The low rate of disclosure may impact sexual behaviours, testing for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and diseases transmission. This study examines factors associated with overall sexual orientation disclosure and disclosure to healthcare professionals. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional online survey was conducted from September 2014 to October 2014 in China...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281245/medicare-modernization-and-diffusion-of-endoscopy-in-ffs-medicare
#12
Lee R Mobley, Pedro Amaral, Tzy-Mey Kuo, Mei Zhou, Srimoyee Bose
OBJECTIVE: To examine how FFS Medicare utilization of endoscopy procedures for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening changed after implementation of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act (MMA) in 2006, which provided subsidized drug coverage and expanded the geographic availability of Medicare managed care plans across the US. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Using secondary data from 100% FFS Medicare enrollees, we analyzed endoscopy utilization during two intervals, 2001-2005 and 2006-2009...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279508/tuberculosis-elimination-and-the-challenge-of-latent-tuberculosis
#13
REVIEW
Alberto Matteelli, Giorgia Sulis, Susanna Capone, Lia D'Ambrosio, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Haileyesus Getahun
Latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) affects one third to one fourth of the human population and is the reservoir for a significant proportion of emerging active tuberculosis (TB) cases, especially in low incidence countries. The World Health Organization launched in 2015 the END-TB strategy that aims at TB elimination and promotes, for the first time ever, the management of LTBI. The preventive package, basically consisting of testing and treatment for LTBI in groups at high risk of reactivation, is a mainstay of the first pillar of the strategy, alongside prompt diagnosis and early treatment of both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB disease...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249009/current-use-of-statins-reduces-risk-of-hiv-rebound-on-suppressive-haart
#14
Henning Drechsler, Colby Ayers, James Cutrell, Naim Maalouf, Pablo Tebas, Roger Bedimo
BACKGROUND: Despite compelling evidence for activity against HIV-1 in vitro, a virologic effect of statins has not been shown in clinical studies. Given their short plasma half-lives, such an effect may be transient and only apparent during ongoing exposure. METHODS: We studied all HIV infected US-Veterans who started HAART 1995-2011, had a documented HIV viral load (VL) >1000 copies/mL, reached an undetectable VL on HAART, and had ≥1 follow-up VL within 13 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231664/-cross-sectional-surveys-on-the-use-of-recreational-drug-nitrous-acid-ester-rush-poppers-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-nanjing
#15
Z P Zhu, M Zhang, Y Y Xu, W J Xu, L Liu, S S Wu, L Guo, X Li
Objective: To investigate the situation of recreational drug nitrous acid ester inhaler-rush poppers use in men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: From April to June in 2014, October to December in 2014, April to June in 2015, three round cross-sectional surveys were conducted in MSM recruited in Nanjing by means of serum test and questionnaire survey. Results: Of the 1 721 MSM surveyed in three round, 19.3% (332/1 721) had ever used rush poppers, the proportions of MSM who used rush poppers in three round surveys showed an increasing trend (liner by liner χ(2)= 14...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#16
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154476/maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents-recollections-of-lifetime-residences-relationship-to-delinquency-and-marijuana-use
#17
Janet U Schneiderman, Andrea K Kennedy, Sonya Negriff, Jennifer Jones, Penelope K Trickett
Both childhood maltreatment and frequent childhood residence changes are associated with poor behavioral outcomes including drug use and delinquency. It is not clear whether a higher number of residences results in poorer outcomes for maltreated adolescents compared to adolescents living in the same community but without child welfare-documented maltreatment. Our study of child welfare-affiliated maltreated youth (n=216) and comparison youth (n=128) from the same community (age M = 18.21, SD = 1.42) examined: 1...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129850/innate-immune-cells-and-bacterial-infection-in-zebrafish
#18
J W Astin, P Keerthisinghe, L Du, L E Sanderson, K E Crosier, P S Crosier, C J Hall
The physical attributes of the zebrafish, including optical transparency during embryogenesis, large clutch sizes, external development, and rapid organogenesis were features that initially attracted developmental biologists to use this vertebrate as an experimental model system. With the progressive development of an extensive genetic "tool kit" and an ever-growing number of transgenic reporter lines, the zebrafish model has evolved into an informative system in which to mimic and study aspects of human disease, including those associated with bacterial infections...
2017: Methods in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123222/homelessness-unsheltered-status-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-findings-from-the-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-000-homes-campaign
#19
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Dorota Szymkowiak, Jessica Marcus, Paul Howard, Dennis P Culhane
OBJECTIVES: People who live in unsheltered situations, such as the streets, often have poorer health, less access to health care, and an increased risk of premature mortality as compared with their sheltered counterparts. The objectives of this study were to (1) compare the characteristics of people experiencing homelessness who were sleeping primarily in unsheltered situations with those who were accessing homeless shelters and other sheltered situations, (2) identify correlates of unsheltered status, and (3) assess the relationship between unsheltered status and increased risk of mortality...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110864/sexual-behavior-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya-a-comparison-of-institutional-and-family-based-care-settings
#20
Lonnie Embleton, Joram Nyandat, David Ayuku, Edwin Sang, Allan Kamanda, Samuel Ayaya, Winstone Nyandiko, Peter Gisore, Rachel Vreeman, Lukoye Atwoli, Omar Galarraga, Mary A Ott, Paula Braitstein
PURPOSE: This study sought to assess whether risky sexual behaviors and sexual exploitation of orphaned adolescents differed between family-based and institutional care environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data from a cohort of orphaned adolescents aged 10-18 years living in 300 randomly selected households and 19 charitable children's institutions. The primary outcomes were having ever had consensual sex, number of sex partners, transactional sex, and forced sex...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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