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Radiology Residency

Rebecca Leddy, Madelene Lewis, Susan Ackerman, Jeanne Hill, Paul Thacker, Maria Matheus, Sameer Tipnis, Leonie Gordon
Utilization of a radiology resident-specific quality improvement (QI) program and curriculum based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones can enable a program's assessment of the systems-based practice component and prepare residents for QI implementation post graduation. This article outlines the development process, curriculum, QI committee formation, and resident QI project requirements of one institution's designated radiology resident QI program. A method of mapping the curriculum to the ACGME milestones and assessment of resident competence by postgraduate year level is provided...
October 18, 2016: Academic Radiology
Herbert Y Kressel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Radiology
John V Thomas, Rupan Sanyal, Janis P O'Malley, Satinder P Singh, Desiree E Morgan, Cheri L Canon
The academic educator's portfolio is a collection of materials that document academic performance and achievements, supplementing the curriculum vitae, in order to showcase a faculty member's most significant accomplishments. A decade ago, a survey of medical schools revealed frustration in the nonuniform methods of measuring faculty's medical education productivity. A proposed solution was the use of an academic educator's portfolio. In the academic medical community, compiling an academic portfolio is always a challenge because teaching has never been confined to the traditional classroom setting and often involves active participation of the medical student, resident, or fellow in the ongoing care of the patient...
October 11, 2016: Academic Radiology
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Chih-Chen Chang, Yon-Cheong Wong, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Huan-Wu Chen, Li-Jen Wang, Yu-Hsien Lee, Patricia Wanping Wu, Wiwan Irama, Wei Yuan Chen, Chee-Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) techniques can reduce exposure to radiation. Several previous studies have shown that radiation dose reduction in LDCT does not decrease the diagnostic performance for appendicitis among attending radiologists. But, the LDCT diagnostic performance for acute appendicitis in radiology residents with variable training levels has not been well discussed. OBJECTIVES: To compare inter-observer and intra-observer differences of diagnostic performance on non-enhanced LDCT (NE-LDCT) and contrast-enhanced standard dose CT (CE-SDCT) for acute appendicitis among attending and resident radiologists...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
M K Arevalo, J C Prieto, N Cost, G Nuss, B J Brown, L A Baker
INTRODUCTION: Symptomatic pediatric ureterocele has diverse manifestations, making evidence-based management impractical. Thus, detailed visualization of ureterocele anatomy prior to first surgical incision is invaluable. Retrograde ureterocelogram (RUC) is a simple, underutilized radiologic technique that can be performed during cystoscopy. This study sought to determine whether RUC changes surgical management by more accurately depicting the complex ureteral and ureterocele anatomy, compared with renal ultrasound (US) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Yuwei Zhou, Uygar Teomete, Ozgur Dandin, Onur Osman, Taner Dandinoglu, Ulas Bagci, Weizhao Zhao
Bowing fractures are incomplete fractures of tubular long bones, often observed in pediatric patients, where plain radiographic film is the non-invasive imaging modality of choice in routine radiological workflow. Due to weak association between bent bone and distinct cortex disruption, bowing fractures may not be diagnosed properly while reading plain radiography. Missed fractures and dislocations are common in accidents and emergency practice, particularly in children. These missed injuries can result in more complicated treatment or even long-term disability...
September 17, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Eunjoo Kim, Osamu Kurihara, Naoaki Kunishima, Takashi Nakano, Kotaro Tani, Misao Hachiya, Takumaro Momose, Tetsuo Ishikawa, Shinji Tokonami, Masahiro Hosoda, Makoto Akashi
The Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident in 2011 resulted in a release of radionuclides into the environment (I: 142.9 PBq, Cs:12.4 PBq). This study presents the results of internal doses to 174 residents living near the FDNPP at the time of the accident based on whole-body (WB) measurements performed by the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) during the period between 27 June and 28 July 2011. The 174 subjects consisted of 125 adults (≥18-y) and 49 children (<18-y) and included 90 persons of Namie town, one of the municipalities heavily contaminated with the radionuclides...
November 2016: Health Physics
Mougnyan Cox, David Hansberry, Rashmi Balasubramanya, Zhengteng Li, Ashish Gandhe, Santosh Selvarajan, Pranshu Sharma
Interest in emergency radiology as a distinct subspecialty within radiology continues to rise in the USA and globally. While acute care imaging has been performed since the earliest days of the specialty, fellowship training in emergency radiology is a relatively new phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to examine the current status of emergency radiology training in the USA, using data derived from the official websites of US residency training programs. The most current list of radiology residency programs participating in the 2017 match was obtained from the official Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) website...
September 28, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Sungjae Lee, Hye Jin Baek, Hyun Kyung Jung, Jin Il Moon, Soo Buem Cho, Bo Hwa Choi, Kyungsoo Bae, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Dae Seob Choi, Hwa Seon Shin, Dong Wook Kim
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of radiology residents' interpretations for diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in the emergency department at different levels of residency training. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A total of 160 patients who underwent DWI with acute neurologic symptoms were included in this retrospective study with an institutional review board approval. Four radiology residents with different training years and one attending neuroradiologist independently assessed the DWI results...
September 26, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
Sohee Song, Byung Kwan Park, Jung Jae Park
PURPOSE: To introduce a new radiologic classification of renal angiomyolipoma (AML). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1995 and 2014, CT or MR images in 98 patients with histologically proven 98 AMLs were reviewed independently by a radiologist and a resident. The lesions were classified as (a) 53 fat-rich AML (≤-10HU), (b) 22 fat-poor AML (>-10HU) with tumor-to-spleen ratio (TSR) <0.71 or signal intensity index (SII) >16.5%, and (c) 23 fat-invisible AML (>-10HU) with TSR ≥0...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Yuan-Hao Lee, Clayton Chi-Chang Chen, San-Kan Lee, Cheng-Yu Chen, Yung-Liang Wan, Wan-Yuo Guo, Amy Cheng, Wing P Chan
OBJECTIVES: Variations in radiological examination procedures and patient load lead to variations in standards of care related to patient safety and healthcare quality. To understand the status of safety measures to protect patients undergoing radiological examinations at residency training hospitals in Taiwan, a follow-up survey evaluating the full spectrum of diagnostic radiology procedures was conducted. DESIGN: Questionnaires covering 12 patient safety-related themes throughout the examination procedures were mailed to the departments of diagnostic radiology with residency training programmes in 19 medical centres (with >500 beds) and 17 smaller local institutions in Taiwan...
2016: BMJ Open
T Lazo
Between September 2011 and August 2015, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) organised a series of 12 stakeholder dialogue workshops with residents of Fukushima Prefecture. Discussions focused on recovery, addressing topics such as protection of children, management of contaminated food, monitoring, and self-help measures. The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) supported, and the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) Secretariat attended, all 12 meetings to listen directly to the concerns of affected individuals and draw lessons for CRPPH...
September 20, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Thalia Velho Barreto de Araújo, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Ulisses Ramos Montarroyos, Ana Paula Lopes de Melo, Sandra Valongueiro, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque, Wayner Vieira Souza, Cynthia Braga, Sinval Pinto Brandão Filho, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Enrique Vazquez, Danielle Di Cavalcanti Souza Cruz, Cláudio Maierovitch Pessanha Henriques, Luciana Caroline Albuquerque Bezerra, Priscila Mayrelle da Silva Castanha, Rafael Dhalia, Ernesto Torres Azevedo Marques-Júnior, Celina Maria Turchi Martelli
BACKGROUND: The microcephaly epidemic, which started in Brazil in 2015, was declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by WHO in 2016. We report the preliminary results of a case-control study investigating the association between microcephaly and Zika virus infection during pregnancy. METHODS: We did this case-control study in eight public hospitals in Recife, Brazil. Cases were neonates with microcephaly. Two controls (neonates without microcephaly), matched by expected date of delivery and area of residence, were selected for each case...
September 15, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
Jeffrey D Poot, Alison L Chetlen
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To improve mammographic screening training and breast cancer detection, radiology residents participated in a simulation screening mammography module in which they interpreted an enriched set of screening mammograms with known outcomes. This pilot research study evaluates the effectiveness of the simulation module while tracking the progress, efficiency, and accuracy of radiology resident interpretations and also compares their performance against national benchmarks...
September 13, 2016: Academic Radiology
R Hayano
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant contaminated the soil of densely populated regions in Fukushima Prefecture with radiocaesium, which poses risks of internal and external exposure to the residents. However, extensive whole-body-count surveys have shown that internal exposure levels of residents are negligible. In addition, data from personal dosimeters have shown that external exposure levels have decreased, so the estimated annual external dose of the majority of people is <1 mSv in most areas of Fukushima...
September 14, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
William J Walton, Raina R Flores
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Joseph A Delic, Carl R Fuhrman, Humberto E Trejo Bittar
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Nicholas Fulton, Ji Buethe, Jayakrishna Gollamudi, Mark Robbin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether simulation-based training can improve resident performance in ultrasound-guided biopsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Forty radiology residents from a single academic institution enrolled in the study. Each resident performed an initial biopsy on an abdominal imaging phantom using direct ultrasound guidance. Twenty of the residents underwent a 30-minute training session with the phantom device, and 20 residents received no additional training...
September 9, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
E Cléro, L Marie, C Challeton-De Vathaire, D Laurier, A Rannou
BACKGROUND: At the request of French public authorities, the Institute of Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety has assessed the radiological situation of a house built on uranium ore residues in Haute-Vienne and the health risks induced from exposure to radon for all occupants. Classified as a lung carcinogen by the World Health Organization, radon is a proven cause of lung cancer in case of regular inhalation over a long period, and the risk increases with cumulative exposure. METHODS: Radon exposure was reconstructed for various standard profiles of house occupancy...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
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