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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209906/first-evaluation-of-pet-based-human-biodistribution-and-dosimetry-of-18-f-faza-a-tracer-for-imaging-tumor-hypoxia
#1
Savi Annarita, Elena Incerti, Federico Fallanca, Valentino Bettinardi, Francesca Rossetti, Cristina Monterisi, Antonia Compierchio, Giampiero Negri, Piero Zannini, Luigi Gianolli, Maria Picchio
Fluorine-18 labelled fluoroazomycinarabinoside ((18)F-FAZA) is a positron emission tomography (PET) biomarker for non-invasive identification of regional tumor hypoxia. Aim of the present Phase I study was to firstly evaluate in non-small cell lung cancer patients the human biodistribution and dosimetry of (18)F-FAZA. Methods: Five patients awaiting surgical resection after histologically proven or radiologically suspected non-small cell lung cancer were prospectively enrolled for the study. The patients underwent a PET/computed tomography (CT) study after the injection of 371±32 MBq of (18)F-FAZA...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199127/development-of-rad-score-a-tool-to-assess-the-procedural-competence-of-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#2
Inga Isupov, Matthew D F McInnes, Stan J Hamstra, Geoffrey Doherty, Ashish Gupta, Susan Peddle, Zaid Jibri, Kawan Rakhra, Rebecca M Hibbert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to develop a tool to assess the procedural competence of radiology trainees, with sources of evidence gathered from five categories to support the construct validity of tool: content, response process, internal structure, relations to other variables, and consequences. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A pilot form for assessing procedural competence among radiology residents, known as the RAD-Score tool, was developed by evaluating published literature and using a modified Delphi procedure involving a group of local content experts...
February 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198342/-career-development-of-medical-school-graduates-comparison-of-medical-students-from-utrecht-leiden-and-groningen
#3
V van Dee, B M van der Klis, M R van Dijk
OBJECTIVE: To gain insight in the career development of Utrecht medical school graduates. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHOD: In November 2015, we investigated the achieved academic title, occupation and position for 281 graduates who had started their medical education at University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU) in the academic year 2003-2004. Information was gathered from the BIG-register for medical professionals, through social media and Google, and if necessary through private messaging...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190371/occupational-radiation-exposure-of-anesthesia-providers
#4
Rachel R Wang, Amanda H Kumar, Pedro Tanaka, Alex Macario
Anesthesia providers are frequently exposed to radiation during routine patient care in the operating room and remote anesthetizing locations. Eighty-two percent of anesthesiology residents (n = 57 responders) at our institution had a "high" or "very high" concern about the level of ionizing radiation exposure, and 94% indicated interest in educational materials about radiation safety. This article highlights key learning points related to basic physical principles, effects of ionizing radiation, radiation exposure measurement, occupational dose limits, considerations during pregnancy, sources of exposure, factors affecting occupational exposure such as positioning and shielding, and monitoring...
February 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188602/umbilical-venous-catheters-placement-evaluation-on-frontal-radiogram-application-of-a-simplified-flow-chart-for-radiology-residents
#5
Sergio Salerno, Chiara Tudisca, Elena Murmura, Domenica Matranga, Giuseppe La Tona, Giuseppe Lo Re, Antonio Lo Casto
BACKGROUND: Umbilical Venous Catheter (UVC) are commonly used in neonatal period; they can be not correctly positioned and could be associated with complications. The purpose of this article is to suggest a flow-chart to evaluate the placement of UVC, testing it in young radiologists-in-training. METHOD: We developed a simple flow-chart to asses, steps by step, UVC placement considering its course and tip location (ideally placed in the atriocaval junction). We tested the flow-chart impact asking to 20 residents to evaluate the placement of 10 UVC before and after they familiarized with the flow-chart and the anatomical findings of a newborn...
February 10, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186959/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-renal-biopsy-a-comparison-of-axial-vs-sagittal-probe-location
#6
Farnaz Shamshirgar, Seyed Morteza Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Renal biopsy is an important method for diagnosis of renal parenchymal abnormalities. Here, we compare the effectiveness and complications of percutaneous ultrasound-guided renal biopsy using axial vs. sagittal probe locations. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, in 2012, patients with a nephrologist order were biopsied by a radiology resident. Renal biopsy was done on 15 patients using axial (A group) and the same number of biopsies done with sagittal probe location (S group)...
February 7, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185749/workplace-bullying-in-radiology-and-radiation-oncology
#7
Jay R Parikh, Jay A Harolds, Edward I Bluth
Workplace bullying is common in health care and has recently been reported in both radiology and radiation oncology. The purpose of this article is to increase awareness of bullying and its potential consequences in radiology and radiation oncology. Bullying behavior may involve abuse, humiliation, intimidation, or insults; is usually repetitive; and causes distress in victims. Workplace bullying is more common in health care than in other industries. Surveys of radiation therapists in the United States, student radiographers in England, and physicians-in-training showed that substantial proportions of respondents had been subjected to workplace bullying...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169178/lessons-from-flexner-the-struggle-of-small-radiology-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#8
Darel E Heitkamp, Richard B Ruchman, Anna Rozenshtein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162863/the-radiologist-is-in-but-was-it-worth-the-wait-radiology-resident-note-quality-in-an-outpatient-interventional-radiology-clinic
#9
Salim E Abboud, Stephanie Soriano, Rayan Abboud, Indravadan Patel, Jon Davidson, Nami R Azar, Dean A Nakamoto
Preprocedural evaluation of patients in an interventional radiology (IR) clinic is a complex synthesis of physical examination and imaging findings, and as IR transitions to an independent clinical specialty, such evaluations will become an increasingly critical component of a successful IR practice and quality patient care. Prior research suggests that preprocedural evaluations increased patient's perceived quality of care and may improve procedural technical success rates. Appropriate documentation of a preprocedural evaluation in the medical record is also paramount for an interventional radiologist to add value and function as an effective member of a larger IR service and multidisciplinary health care team...
November 10, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161025/anticipated-supply-and-demand-for-independent%C3%A2-interventional-radiology-residency-positions-a-survey-of-department-chairs
#10
Sanna E Herwald, James B Spies, E Kent Yucel
PURPOSE: The first participants in the independent interventional radiology (IR) residency match will begin prerequisite diagnostic radiology (DR) residencies before the anticipated launch of the independent IR programs in 2020. The aim of this study was to estimate the competitiveness level of the first independent IR residency matches before these applicants have already committed to DR residencies and possibly early specialization in IR (ESIR) programs. METHODS: The Society of Chairs of Academic Radiology Departments (SCARD) Task Force on the IR Residency distributed a survey to all active SCARD members using SurveyMonkey...
February 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159436/quality-initiative-program-in-its-sixth-year-has-it-become-part-of-our-radiology-culture
#11
Heather Ritchie, Ania Z Kielar, Fraser Hill, Joseph P O'Sullivan
PURPOSE: The study sought to determine if the Quality Initiative Program (QUIP) has become part of the radiology culture at our institution. METHODS: After Research Ethics approval, QUIPs from January 2009 to December 2014 were assessed. We evaluated the response rates of radiologists receiving QUIPs to ensure they reviewed them. We performed a survey of radiologists and trainees to gain feedback regarding their perception of QUIPs in February 2014 and in June 2015...
January 31, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156514/multidisciplinary-tumor-board-for-improvement-of-oncology-collaboration-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#12
Amish Doshi, Cardinale B Smith, Bethann Scarborough, Stelian Serban, Jeffrey Ciccone, Kavita Vyas Dharmarajan
: 175 Background: The Palliative and Supportive Oncology Tumor Board was developed in 2015 to provide an interdisciplinary forum for discussion and management of patients with complex or refractory symptoms from advanced cancer. The board meets monthly and consists of medical, surgical, and radiation oncologists, interventional radiologists, pain management, palliative care specialists, residents, and fellows. Here, we assess the impact of the tumor board on the care of these patients...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154988/computer-aided-reporting-of-chest-radiographs-efficient-and-effective-screening-in-the-value-based-imaging-era
#13
Michael Morris, Babak Saboury, Niketh Bandla, Christopher Toland, Christopher Meenan, Eliot Siegel, Jean Jeudy
In the post-PACS era, mammography is unique in adopting specialized ergonomic interfaces to improve efficiency in a high volume setting. Chest radiography is also a high volume area of radiology. The authors hypothesize that applying a novel interface for chest radiography interpretation and reporting could create high productivity while maintaining quality. A custom version of the ClearCanvas open source software, EzRad, was created with a workflow re-designed specifically for tuberculosis screening chest radiographs, which utilized standardized computer generated reports...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132850/increasing-faculty-participation-in-resident-education-and-providing-cost-effective-self-assessment-module-credit-to-faculty-through-resident-generated-didactics
#14
Hyun Kim, Theresa M Malatesta, Pramila R Anné, John McAna, Voichita Bar-Ad, Adam P Dicker, Robert B Den
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Board certified radiation oncologists and medical physicists are required to earn self-assessment module (SAM) continuing medical education (CME) credit, which may require travel costs or usage fees. Data indicate that faculty participation in resident teaching activities is beneficial to resident education. Our hypothesis was that providing the opportunity to earn SAM credit in resident didactics would increase faculty participation in and improve resident education...
December 16, 2016: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130051/attending-radiologist-variability-and-its-effect-on-radiology-resident-discrepancy-rates
#15
Joseph C Wildenberg, Po-Hao Chen, Mary H Scanlon, Tessa S Cook
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Discrepancy rates for interpretations produced in a call situation are one metric to evaluate residents during training. Current benchmarks, reported in previous studies, do not consider the effects of practice pattern variability among attending radiologists. This study aims to investigate the impact of attending variability on resident discrepancy rates to determine if the current benchmarks are an accurate measure of resident performance and, if necessary, update discrepancy benchmarks to accurately identify residents performing below expectations...
January 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126537/early-experience-in-the-implementation-of-an-abdominal-imaging-junior-fellowship-for-fourth-year-radiology-residents
#16
Laura Heacock, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Alec Megibow, Nicole Hindman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117119/gadolinium-contrast-enhancement-improves-confidence-in-diagnosing-recurrent-soft-tissue-sarcoma-by-mri
#17
Shinn-Huey S Chou, Daniel S Hippe, Amie Y Lee, Kurt Scherer, Jack A Porrino, Darin J Davidson, Felix S Chew, Alice S Ha
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To determine how utilization of postgadolinium magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) influenced reader accuracy and confidence at identifying postoperative soft tissue sarcoma (STS) recurrence among readers with various levels of expertise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was institutional review board approved and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant. Postoperative MRI from 26 patients with prior STS resection (13 patients with confirmed recurrence, 13 without recurrence) was reviewed...
January 20, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116030/can-emergency-medicine-residents-predict-cost-of-diagnostic-testing
#18
Christopher R Tainter, Joshua A Gentges, Stephen H Thomas, Boyd D Burns
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic testing represents a significant portion of healthcare spending, and cost should be considered when ordering such tests. Needless and excessive spending may occur without an appreciation of the impact on the larger healthcare system. Knowledge regarding the cost of diagnostic testing among emergency medicine (EM) residents has not previously been studied. METHODS: A survey was administered to 20 EM residents from a single ACGME-accredited three-year EM residency program, asking for an estimation of patient charges for 20 commonly ordered laboratory tests and seven radiological exams...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114427/burden-of-pneumococcal-disease-in-northern-togo-before-the-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#19
Jennifer C Moïsi, Makawa-Sy Makawa, Haoua Tall, Kodjo Agbenoko, Berthe-Marie Njanpop-Lafourcade, Stanislas Tamekloe, Moussa Amidou, Judith E Mueller, Bradford D Gessner
BACKGROUND: S. pneumoniae is a leading cause of meningitis morbidity and mortality in the African meningitis belt, but little is known of its contribution to the burden of pneumonia in the region. We aimed to estimate the incidence of pneumococcal disease in children and adults in northern Togo, before the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). METHODS AND FINDINGS: From May 1st 2010 to April 30th 2013, we systematically enrolled all hospitalized patients meeting a case definition of suspected meningitis or clinical pneumonia, residing in Tone or Cinkasse districts, northern Togo and providing informed consent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110798/trends-in-fluoroscopy-time-in-fluoroscopy-guided-lumbar-punctures-performed-by-trainees-over-an-academic-year
#20
Ameya P Nayate, James E Schmitt, Suyash Mohan, Ilya M Nasrallah
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Fluoroscopy-guided lumbar puncture (FGLP) is an operator-dependent procedure that can contribute to lifetime cumulative radiation dose. Benchmark fluoroscopic times (FTs) have been published for ranges of body mass index (BMI), but trends in FT in FGLPs performed by neuroradiology trainees during their training have not been studied. The purpose of this study was to investigate the trends in FTs in FGLPs performed by neuroradiology fellows in an academic year...
January 16, 2017: Academic Radiology
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