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Radiology Residency

Sherwin Novin, Paul H Yi, Taylor Vanderplas, Douglas Yim, Kelvin Hong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the comprehensiveness of interventional radiology (IR) residency program websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We determined whether all integrated IR residency programs approved in 2016 by the Society for Interventional Radiology had a dedicated residency program website. On each website, we searched for 38 elements identified as important considerations for medical students applying to diagnostic radiology residency and IR fellowship programs...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Daniel Thomas Ginat, Nicole A Cipriani, Gregory Christoforidis
The goal of this study was to evaluate the benefits of resident and fellow-facilitated radiology-pathology head and neck conferences. A total of seven resident-facilitated and six fellow-facilitated head and neck radiology-pathology cases were presented as part of the radiology department conference series. The radiology residents were surveyed regarding the perceived quality and effectiveness of the fellow-facilitated sessions. The number of publications yielded from all the cases presented was tracked. Overall, the residents assessed the quality of the fellow-facilitated conferences with an average score of 3...
May 17, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Bryce A Merritt, Travis S Henry, Soonmee Cha, Karen G Ordovas, Kimberly G Kallianos, Brett M Elicker, Michael D Hope, David M Naeger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Michael L Richardson, Behrang Amini
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to demonstrate how the teaching of radiology physics can be enhanced with the use of interactive scientific notebook software. METHODS: We used the scientific notebook software known as Project Jupyter, which is free, open-source, and available for the Macintosh, Windows, and Linux operating systems. RESULTS: We have created a scientific notebook that demonstrates multiple interactive teaching modules we have written for our residents using the Jupyter notebook system...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Nathaniel B Meyer, Kara Gaetke-Udager, Kimberly L Shampain, Amy Spencer, Richard H Cohan, Matthew S Davenport
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether noon conference attendance by diagnostic radiology residents is predictive of measurable performance. METHODS: This single-center retrospective Health Insurance and Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant cross-sectional study was considered "not regulated" by the institutional review board. All diagnostic radiology residents who began residency training from 2008 to 2012 were included (N = 54)...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Elizabeth Snyder, Lilja Solnes, Karen M Horton, Pamela T Johnson
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The role of a radiologist has expanded beyond the tripartite mission of patient care, education, and research to include cross-specialty consultation for patient management, innovative solutions to improve health-care quality and safety, device design, and policy advocacy. As such, radiology residency programs should incorporate formalized training to prepare residents for these various professional roles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since the 2015-2016 academic year, five training tracks focused on noninterpretative skills have been integrated into our residency training program: Clinician Educator, Quality Improvement, Entrepreneurship/Innovation, Health Policy Advocacy, and High-Value Care...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Anuradha S Shenoy-Bhangle, Ronald L Eisenberg, Tabitha Fineberg, Priscilla J Slanetz
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: With the restructuring of radiology board certification, many residencies created PGY-5 "mini-fellowships," during which residents spend focused time pursuing advanced subspecialty training or developing nonclinical skills in leadership, health policy and health-care economics, education, quality improvement, informatics, research, or global health. We surveyed graduates of an academic diagnostic radiology residency to assess the relative value and impact of PGY-5 mini-fellowships on career satisfaction and success...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Paul H Yi, Sherwin Novin, Taylor L Vander Plas, Eric Huh, Donna Magid
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The AuntMinnie (AM) and the Student Doctor Network (SDN) online forums are popular resources for medical students applying for residency. The purpose of this study was to describe medical student radiology-related posts on AM and SDN to better understand the medical student perspective on the application and Match process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed all posts made on the AM and SDN online forums over 5 consecutive academic years from July 2012 to July 2017...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
Patrick T Schiller, Andrew W Phillips, Christopher M Straus
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The authors of this study used the perspectives of residency program directors (PDs) nationally to explore whether trainees are adequately prepared to utilize and interpret medical imaging as interns, to identify the types of imaging skills most important for residency, and to begin to address current shortcomings in radiology education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors created a survey using a modified version of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education radiology milestones and sent it to 100 randomly selected PDs each in pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, and general surgery...
May 7, 2018: Academic Radiology
Wei Shan, Ting Shi, Kaile Chen, Jian Xue, Yin Wang, Jia Yu, Genming Zhao, Jianmei Tian, Tao Zhang
BACKGROUND: CAP causes great morbidity and mortality as well as enormous economic burden worldwide. This study intended to describe the clinical characteristics of CAP and explore the risk factors of severe CAP among children in downtown Suzhou, China. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of childhood hospitalizations in Soochow University Affiliated Children's Hospital (SCH) from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014. Children who were residents of downtown Suzhou, 29 days to <5 years of age, with discharge diagnosis codes (ICD-10) J09 to J18 and J20 to J22 were included...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Jessyca Couto Otoni, Marcela Pecora Cohen, Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt
Historically, radiology has developed in a way that has increasingly distanced the radiologist from the patient. Currently, diagnostic imaging results are predominantly communicated through written reports. Written communication is not considered sufficient, verbal communication being essential for the performance of the modern radiologist to be considered satisfactory. However, a lack of preparation on the part of the radiologist when communicating the diagnosis, especially when it is not favorable (as is often the case in a cancer hospital), makes that conversation quite challenging...
March 2018: Radiologia Brasileira
C Fabre, M Proisy, C Chapuis, S Jouneau, P-A Lentz, C Meunier, G Mahé, M Lederlin
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the mean skill level of radiology residents in chest X-ray (CXR) reading, with regard to cognitive mechanisms involved in this task and to investigate for potential factors influencing residents' skill. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-one residents were evaluated through a test set including CXR expected to mobilize detection skills (n=10), CXR expected to mobilize interpretation skills (n=10) and normal CXR (n=4). For each radiograph, residents were asked to answer three questions: Does this radiograph show normal or abnormal findings? Does it require complementary computed tomography study? What is your diagnosis? Residents' answers were evaluated against an experts' consensus and analyzed according to year of residency, attendance at CXR training course during residency and the average number of CXR read per week...
May 4, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Yosuke Karimata, Takeshi Kinjo, Gretchen Parrott, Ayako Uehara, Daijiro Nabeya, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Keiko Miyagawa, Tomoo Kishaba, Kanako Otani, Michiko Okamoto, Hidekazu Nishimura, Jiro Fujita
Background: Several studies have reported outbreaks due to human metapneumovirus (hMPV) in long-term care facilities (LTCF) for the elderly. However, most of these reports are epidemiological studies and do not investigate the clinical features of hMPV pneumonia. Methods: Three independent outbreaks of hMPV occurred at separate LTCF for intellectually challenged and elderly residents. A retrospective evaluation of hMPV pneumonia and its clinical and radiological features was conducted using available medical records and data...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Dexter Mendoza, Ryan Peterson, Christopher Ho, Peter Harri, Deborah Baumgarten, Mark E Mullins
Effective and dedicated educators are critical to the preservation and advancement of the practice of radiology. The need for innovative and adaptable educators is increasingly being recognized, with several institutions granting academic promotions through clinician-educator tracks. The implementation of resident "clinician-educator tracks" or "teaching tracks" should better prepare residents aspiring to become academic radiologists focused on teaching. In this work, we describe our experience in the development and implementation of a clinician-educator track for diagnostic radiology residents at our institution...
May 3, 2018: Academic Radiology
Mark Keiper, Timothy Donovan, Matthew DeVries
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability to successfully develop and institute a comprehensive health care economics skills curriculum in radiology residency training utilizing didactic lectures, case scenario exercises, and residency miniretreats. METHODS: A comprehensive health care economics skills curriculum was developed to significantly expand upon the basic ACGME radiology residency milestone System-Based Practice, SBP2: Health Care Economics requirements and include additional education in business and contract negotiation, radiology sales and marketing, and governmental and private payers' influence in the practice of radiology...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Ineke L Schreutelkamp, Robert M Kwee, Peter Veekmans, Miraude E A P M Adriaensen
BACKGROUND: During locally organized quality assurance evaluation sessions for screening radiologists, we noticed that individual screening radiologists did miss tumours which in our opinion could be detected at a distance. AIM: To determine whether tumours missed by individual screening radiologists can be detected at a distance. METHODS: Twenty-eight screening mammograms of 28 females (mean age 63 years, range 49-73) with a pathologically proven malignant tumour missed by individual screening radiologists were mixed with 56 normal screening mammograms of 56 females (mean age 63 years, range 53-74)...
May 3, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Adam J Yen, Emily M Webb, Eric J Jordan, Kimberly Kallianos, David M Naeger
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether general psychological motivating factors that guide career selection of a medical specialty differ over the course of medical school and to compare differences in motivating factors among students choosing "controllable" lifestyle specialties, students choosing "uncontrollable" lifestyle specialties, and a cohort of radiology residents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous survey was distributed to first- through fourth-year medical students and radiology residents at a single institution...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Glorianne Pullicino, Philip Sciortino, Sean Francalanza, Paul Sciortino, Richard Pullicino
INTRODUCTION: Due to demographic changes, growing demands, technological developments and rising healthcare costs, analysis of resources in rural and urban primary care clinics is crucial. However, data on primary care provision in rural and suburban areas are lacking. Moreover, health inequities in small island communities tend to be reduced by social homogeneity and an almost indiscernible urban-rural difference. The aim of the study was to examine the urban-suburban differences in the indications for lumbosacral spine radiographs in a public primary healthcare centre in Malta...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Guy S Handelman, Ailin C Rogers, Zafir Babiker, Michael J Lee, Morgan P McMonagle
The objectives of the study were to determine whether diagnostic accuracy and reliability by on-call teams is affected by communicating chest radiograph (CXR) images via instant messaging on smartphones in comparison to viewing on a workstation. 12 residents viewed 100 CXR images each with a 24% positive rate for significant or acute findings sent to their phones via a popular instant messaging application and reported their findings if any. After an interval of 42 days they viewed the original DICOM images on personal computers and again reported their findings...
April 28, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
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