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Radiology Residency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335057/white-paper-curriculum-in-interventional-radiology
#1
Andreas H Mahnken, Arno Bücker, Christian Hohl, Ansgar Berlis
Purpose Scope and clinical importance of interventional radiology markedly evolved over the last decades. Consequently it was acknowledged as independent subspecialty by the "European Union of Medical Specialists" (UEMS). Based on radiological imaging techniques Interventional Radiology is an integral part of Radiology. Materials und Methods In 2009 the German Society for Interventional Radiology and minimally-invasive therapy (DeGIR) developed a structured training in Interventional Radiology. In cooperation with the German Society of Neuroradiology (DGNR) this training was extended to also cover Interventional Neuroradiology in 2012...
April 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330403/communicating-with-residents-about-risks-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#2
Michio Murakami, Akiko Sato, Shiro Matsui, Aya Goto, Atsushi Kumagai, Masaharu Tsubokura, Makiko Orita, Noboru Takamura, Yujiro Kuroda, Sae Ochi
The Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011 posed major threats to public health. In response, medical professionals have tried to communicate the risks to residents. To investigate forms of risk communication and to share lessons learned, we reviewed medical professionals' activities in Fukushima Prefecture from the prefectural level to the individual level: public communication through Fukushima Health Management Surveys, a Yorozu ("general") health consultation project, communications of radiological conditions and health promotion in Iitate and Kawauchi villages, dialogues based on whole-body counter, and science communications through online media...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322527/-estensione-dell-et%C3%A3-bersaglio-del-programma-di-screening-mammografico-e-governo-della-pratica-mammografica-in-emilia-romagna
#3
Priscilla Sassoli de Bianchi, Alessandra Ravaioli, Stefano Ferretti, Alba Carola Finarelli, Adriana Giannini, Carlo Naldoni, Piera Sanna, Lauro Bucchi
"OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the effectiveness of the regional law No.1035 enacted in 2009 by the local government of the Emilia- Romagna Region (Northern Italy) with the purpose of revising the rules of access to breast-care services. The law dictated the extension of the organised mammography screening programme to women aged 45-49 and 70-74 years in order to decrease their spontaneous screening rates and, thus, the waiting times for the access to diagnostic mammography by women of all ages. DESIGN: study of time trends (joinpoint regression analysis and before/ after analysis) in annual percent mammography rates and in waiting times for access to clinical radiology facilities (2006-2014) among resident women...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318992/anonymity-and-electronics-adapting-preparation-for-radiology-resident-examination
#4
Teresa Chapman, Janet R Reid, Erin E O'Conner
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic radiology resident assessment has evolved from a traditional oral examination to computerized testing. Teaching faculty struggle to reconcile the differences between traditional teaching methods and residents' new preferences for computerized testing models generated by new examination styles. We aim to summarize the collective experiences of senior residents at three different teaching hospitals who participated in case review sessions using a computer-based, interactive, anonymous teaching tool, rather than the Socratic method...
March 17, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314200/contrast-reaction-training-in-us-radiology-residencies-a-blinded-study
#5
Christina A LeBedis, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Hansel J Otero, Summer J Decker, Robert J Ward
OBJECTIVE: To perform a survey-based assessment of current contrast reaction training in US diagnostic radiology residency programs. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to radiology residency program directors from 9/2015-11/2015. RESULTS: 25.7% of programs responded. 95.7% of those who responded provide contrast reaction management training. 89.4% provide didactic lectures (occurring yearly in 71.4%). 37.8% provide hands-on simulation training (occurring yearly in 82...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302329/the-high-performing-radiology-residency-a-case-study
#6
Lu Anne V Dinglasan, Mary H Scanlon
The primary goal of any radiology residency program is to train clinically competent radiologists. However, some radiology programs go above and beyond basic ACGME requirements and produce highly productive radiologists who contribute to the field in research, education and technology. At the core of such residencies are the people who comprise it, including self-motivated, personable residents and faculty who can facilitate excellence from their trainees. Indeed, radiology residencies which create unique programs in response to evolving resident interests can help foster resident-driven research, advocacy, technological innovation and early leadership...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302169/two-novel-lhx3-mutations-in-patients-with-combined-pituitary-hormone-deficiency-including-cervical-rigidity-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#7
Khushnooda Ramzan, Bassam Bin-Abbas, Lolwa Al-Jomaa, Rabab Allam, Mohammed Al-Owain, Faiqa Imtiaz
BACKGROUND: Congenital combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD) is a rare heterogeneous group of conditions. CPHD-type 3 (CPHD3; MIM# 221750) is caused by recessive mutations in LHX3, a LIM-homeodomain transcription factor gene. The isoforms of LHX3 are critical for pituitary gland formation and specification of the anterior pituitary hormone-secreting cell types. They also play distinct roles in the development of neuroendocrine and auditory systems. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we summarize the clinical, endocrinological, radiological and molecular features of three patients from two unrelated families...
March 16, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298965/radiology-education-in-europe-analysis-of-results-from-22-european-countries
#8
Bhavya Rehani, Yi C Zhang, Madan M Rehani, András Palkó, Lawrence Lau, Miriam N Mikhail Lette, William P Dillon
AIM: To assess the state of radiology education across Europe by means of a survey study. METHODS: A comprehensive 23-item radiology survey was distributed via email to the International Society of Radiology members, national radiological societies, radiologists and medical physicists. Reminders to complete the survey were sent and the results were analyzed over a period of 4 mo (January-April 2016). Survey questions include length of medical school and residency training; availability of fellowship and subspecialty training; number of residency programs in each country; accreditation pathways; research training; and medical physics education...
February 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298727/using-computed-tomography-enterography-to-evaluate-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-what-impact-does-examiner-experience-have-on-the-reproducibility-of-the-method
#9
Stênio Burlin, Larissa Rossini Favaro, Elisa Almeida Sathler Bretas, Lincoln Seiji Taniguchi, Ana Paula Loch, Marjorie Costa Argollo, Orlando Ambrogini Junior, Giuseppe D'Ippolito
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact that examiner experience has on the reproducibility and accuracy of computed tomography (CT) enterography in the detection of radiological signs in patients with Crohn's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional observational study involving the analysis of CT enterography scans of 20 patients with Crohn's disease. The exams were analyzed independently by two radiologists in their last year of residence (duo I) and by two abdominal imaging specialists (duo II)...
January 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291767/new-dimensions-in-renal-transplant-sonography-applications-of-3-dimensional-ultrasound
#10
Susan J Frank, William R Walter, Larry Latson, Hillel W Cohen, Mordecai Koenigsberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the usefulness of adding 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in evaluation of renal transplant vasculature compared to 2-dimensional (2D) Duplex ultrasound. METHODS: One hundred thirteen consecutive renal transplant 2D and 3D ultrasound examinations were performed and retrospectively reviewed by 2 board-certified radiologists and a radiology resident individually; each reviewed 2D and then 3D images, including color and spectral Doppler...
April 21, 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#11
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286822/ability-of-ultrasonography-in-detection-of-different-extremity-bone-fractures-a-case-series-study
#12
Farzad Bozorgi, Massoud Shayesteh Azar, Seyed Hossein Montazer, Aroona Chabra, Seyed Farshad Heidari, Alireza Khalilian
INTRODUCTION: Despite radiography being the gold standard in evaluation of orthopedic injuries, using bedside ultrasonography has several potential supremacies such as avoiding exposure to ionizing radiation, availability in pre-hospital settings, being extensively accessible, and ability to be used on the bedside. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography in detection of extremity bone fractures. METHODS: This study is a case series study, which was prospectively conducted on multiple blunt trauma patients, who were 18 years old or older, had stable hemodynamic, Glasgow coma scale 15, and signs or symptoms of a possible extremity bone fracture...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265695/pediatric-interventional-radiology-workforce-survey-10-year-follow-up
#13
Claire S Kaufman, Charles A James, Roger K Harned, Bairbre L Connolly, Derek J Roebuck, Anne M Cahill, Josee Dubois, Frank P Morello, Robin K Morgan, Manrita K Sidhu
BACKGROUND: Pediatric interventional radiology is a distinct subspecialty differing from both pediatric diagnostic radiology and adult interventional radiology. We conducted a workforce survey in 2005 to evaluate the state of pediatric interventional radiology at that time. Since then there have been many advancements to the subspecialty, including the founding of the Society for Pediatric Interventional Radiology (SPIR). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current state of the pediatric interventional radiology workforce and compare findings with those of the initial 2005 workforce survey...
March 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262386/resident-perspectives-of-an-interactive-case-review-following-independent-didactic-study-as-a-method-of-teaching-a-pediatric-imaging-curriculum
#14
Aleksandr Rozenberg, Sachin Dheer, Levon N Nazarian, Suzanne S Long
PURPOSE: The ABR has recently changed the format of the board examination, in which the oral examination was replaced by a computer based multiple-choice test. The purpose of this study was to determine resident's perceptions of a new conference resembling the new ABR format. METHODS: Residents were requested to review a series of didactic pediatric imaging presentations prior to attending case conference. During conference, unknown cases reflecting the subject matter from the didactic presentations were presented along with multiple-choice questions...
January 14, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259605/hands-on-physics-education-of-residents-in-diagnostic-radiology
#15
Jie Zhang, Peter A Hardy, David J DiSantis, M Elizabeth Oates
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The American Board of Radiology Core Examination integrates assessment of physics knowledge into its overall testing of clinical radiology, with an emphasis on understanding image quality and artifacts, radiation dose, and patient safety for each modality or subspecialty organ system. Accordingly, achieving a holistic approach to physics education of radiology residents is a huge challenge. The traditional teaching of radiological physics-simply through didactic lectures-was not designed for such a holistic approach...
March 1, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256905/effect-of-bone-reading-ct-software-on-radiologist-performance-in-detecting-bone-metastases-from-breast-cancer
#16
Ji Young Ha, Kyung Nyeo Jeon, Kyungsoo Bae, Bong Hoi Choi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of CT software that generates rib unfolding images and automatically numbers ribs and thoracic spines on radiologist's performance in detecting thoracic bone metastases from breast cancer. METHODS: A total of 126 breast cancer patients who underwent chest CT and FDG-PET/CT and/or bone scans were retrospectively reviewed. One board-certified radiologist (R1) and one radiology resident (R2) independently assessed the original chest CT and rib unfolding images using a commercially available post-processing software (Bone Reading) application to evaluate metastasis in the ribs and thoracic spines...
March 3, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250865/scintigraphic-evidence-for-overdiagnosis-of-small-pe-on-ct-pulmonary-angiography
#17
Yang Lu
A 68-year-old man with recent history of a fall presented with dyspnea on exertion, and underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) for possible pulmonary embolism (PE). The CTPA was first read by the radiology resident as nondiagnostic for segmental PE. Subsequent planar perfusion (Q) images were normal; meanwhile, the attending radiologist revised the CTPA results as subsegmental PE in the left upper lobe. Further Q-SPECT images were obtained and fused with CTPA for clarification, which showed normal perfusion in the region of PE...
March 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244145/feasibility-and-diagnostic-accuracy-of-point-of-care-abdominal-sonography-by-pocket-sized-imaging-devices-performed-by-medical-residents
#18
Ingunn E Kjesbu, Christian B Laursen, Torbjørn Graven, Hans Martin Holden, Bjørnar Rømo, Garrett Newton Andersen, Ole Christian Mjølstad, Annmarie Lassen, Håvard Dalen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study the feasibility and diagnostic performance of bedside ultrasound by examination of the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, and abdominal aorta performed by medical residents with limited experience in ultrasound, on emergency admissions using pocket-sized imaging devices (PSIDs). METHODS: A total of 199 patients admitted acutely to the medical department at the non-university Levanger Hospital, Norway, during the period from April 4 to June 23, 2011, were consecutively included...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242103/the-effect-of-teaching-search-strategies-on-perceptual-performance
#19
Anouk van der Gijp, Koen L Vincken, Christy Boscardin, Emily M Webb, Olle Th J Ten Cate, David M Naeger
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Radiology expertise is dependent on the use of efficient search strategies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of teaching search strategies on trainee's accuracy in detecting lung nodules at computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two search strategies, "scanning" and "drilling," were tested with a randomized crossover design. Nineteen junior radiology residents were randomized into two groups. Both groups first completed a baseline lung nodule detection test allowing a free search strategy, followed by a test after scanning instruction and drilling instruction or vice versa...
February 24, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238603/training-radiology-residents-to-be-stewards-in-healthcare-value
#20
REVIEW
Matthew D Alvin, Karen M Horton, Pamela T Johnson
Medical imaging procedures have become a national target in the campaign to reduce wasteful practices. At a minimum, radiology residency programs must integrate high-value curricula and train residents to practice in accordance with value-based principles and new healthcare policy. A greater portion of radiology resident education needs to be devoted to appropriateness education and consultancy training. Ideally, radiology training programs will instill in residents the importance of embracing the movement and leading the change...
February 23, 2017: Academic Radiology
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