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Radiology Residency

Mark E Mullins, Arash Anavim, Lori A Deitte, Theresa C McLoud, Charles S Resnik
To the best of our knowledge, there is little available organized advice for diagnostic radiology residency program directors and their programs regarding resident recruitment. We are a group of current and former program directors who are current vice chairs for education and continue to advise and to mentor many educators. We have constructed this article along the yearly schedule of trainee recruitment, including an application review, interviews, and troublesome trends that we have observed.
March 12, 2018: Academic Radiology
Petrice M Cogswell, Lori A Deitte, Edwin F Donnelly, Victoria L Morgan, Reed A Omary
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The percentage of clinical scientists in radiology has historically been low. Increasing the pipeline of trainees interested in research could occur by recruiting MD-PhD trainees and providing protected research time during residency. The purpose of this work is to assess the attitudes of radiology program directors toward MD-PhD trainees, resident research productivity, and dedicated research time. METHODS: An online survey was sent to residency program directors of all diagnostic radiology departments that received National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards in 2014 (n = 63)...
March 9, 2018: Academic Radiology
Anthony R Onofrio, Jeannie Kwon, Lisa H Kang, Jason Wang
Editor's Note.-RadioGraphics continues to publish radiologic-pathologic case material selected from the American Institute for Radiologic Pathology (AIRP) "best case" presentations. The AIRP conducts a 4-week Radiologic Pathology Correlation Course, which is offered five times per year. On the penultimate day of the course, the best case presentation is held at the American Film Institute Silver Theater and Cultural Center in Silver Spring, Md. The AIRP faculty identifies the best cases, from each organ system, brought by the resident attendees...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Sean R Blackall, Jae B Hong, Paul King, Conroy Wong, Lloyd Einsiedel, Marc G W Rémond, Cindy Woods, Graeme P Maguire
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bronchiectasis not associated with cystic fibrosis is an increasingly recognized chronic lung disease. In Oceania, indigenous populations experience a disproportionately high burden of disease. We aimed to describe the natural history of bronchiectasis and identify risk factors associated with premature mortality within a cohort of Aboriginal Australians, New Zealand Māori and Pacific Islanders, and non-indigenous Australians and New Zealanders. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of bronchiectasis patients aged >15 years at three hospitals: Alice Springs Hospital and Monash Medical Centre in Australia, and Middlemore Hospital in New Zealand...
March 4, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Lin H Bailey, Deborah O Jeffries, Jason J Bailey, Renee W Pinsky, Janet E Bailey, Bin Nan, Tianwen Ma, Katherine A Klein
PURPOSE: Our aim was to assess and address the challenges radiology residents face when managing breast imaging emergencies on call and to determine if targeted educational interventions improved resident confidence and knowledge. METHODS: We created surveys to determine resident comfort level with and knowledge of appropriate management of breast imaging emergencies. We also created structured educational interventions to improve resident confidence and knowledge...
March 3, 2018: Emergency Radiology
Jeannette C Ederveen, Marijn M G van Berckel, Saskia Jol, Simon W Nienhuijs, Joost Nederend
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if systematically reviewing CT scans using ten signs leads to a better accuracy in diagnosing internal herniation (IH), compared to the original report. Also, the difference in accuracy was analysed between experience levels. METHODS: Patients were retrospectively included if they had undergone laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery between 2011 and 2014, and if additional radiological examination was performed for suspected IH between 2011 and 2016...
March 2, 2018: European Radiology
Sadaf Nasir, Saleha Anwar, Moinuddin Ahmed
Objective: To quantify the increase in workload associated with multidisciplinary team meetings for radiologists in a tertiary care hospital over a period of 15 months. Methods: Data was collected prospectively regarding number of multidisciplinary team meetings, number of clinical cases discussed, number of individual imaging studies reviewed, and preparation time of residents, senior registrar and consultants and the delivery time of meeting. Results: Total 223 meetings were held over 15 months (April 2014 to June 2015) for 12 clinical specialty areas...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Kelsey Gray, Abraham Korn, Joshua Zane, Gabriel Conzalez, Amy Kaji, Nina Bowens, Christian de Virgilio
INTRODUCTION: Formal preoperative ultrasound (US) mapping of vascular anatomy by radiology is recommended prior to hemodialysis access surgery. We hypothesized that US performed by general surgery residents in place of formal US would decrease the time from initial consult to creation of dialysis access without affecting patient outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients that underwent dialysis access surgery from November 2014 to July 2016 and received preoperative upper extremity US vein and artery evaluation by either radiology or general surgery residents...
February 22, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Fernando Collado-Mesa, Edilberto Alvarez, Kris Arheart
PURPOSE: Advances in artificial intelligence applied to diagnostic radiology are predicted to have a major impact on this medical subspecialty. With the goal of establishing a baseline upon which to build educational activities on this topic, a survey was conducted among trainees and attending radiologists at a single residency program. METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire was distributed. Comparisons of categorical data between groups (trainees and attending radiologists) were made using Pearson χ2 analysis or an exact analysis when required...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Charlotte S Taylor, Vani Vijayakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Luuk Theelen, Cheryll Bischoff, Bernd Grimm, Ide C Heyligers
AIM: To investigate whether the current, generally accepted practice of orthopaedic surgical skills training can raise the performance of supervised residents to levels equal to those of experienced orthopaedic surgeons when it comes to clinical outcomes or implant position after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of primary total knee arthroplasty outcomes (minimum follow-up of 12 months) procedures were split into two groups: supervised orthopaedic residents as first surgeon (group R), and experienced senior orthopaedic surgeons as first surgeon (group S)...
February 23, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
Vivek S Yedavalli, Parinda Shah
Mentor-mentee relationships within radiology residencies can add significant value to a resident's overall experience. Studies demonstrate that mentorship programs can increase satisfaction for residents and faculty alike by reducing stress, easing career related decisions, increasing involvement with research, improving teaching and communication skills, and finally increasing leadership roles. In a survey of radiology program directors, 85% of program directors find such a program beneficial but only 57% have a formal program in place...
January 31, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
S Soman, Z Liu, G Kim, U Nemec, S J Holdsworth, K Main, B Lee, S Kolakowsky-Hayner, M Selim, A J Furst, P Massaband, J Yesavage, M M Adamson, P Spincemallie, M Moseley, Y Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identifying cerebral microhemorrhage burden can aid in the diagnosis and management of traumatic brain injury, stroke, hypertension, and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. MR imaging susceptibility-based methods are more sensitive than CT for detecting cerebral microhemorrhage, but methods other than quantitative susceptibility mapping provide results that vary with field strength and TE, require additional phase maps to distinguish blood from calcification, and depict cerebral microhemorrhages as bloom artifacts...
February 22, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Chai Kobkitsuksakul, Oranan Tritanon, Vichan Suraratdecha
PURPOSE: The distribution of ischemic changes caused by infarction of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territories is usually measured using the Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS). The first interpreter of the brain computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department is the on-call radiology resident. The primary objective of this study was to describe the agreement of the ASPECTS performed retrospectively by the resident compared with expert raters. The second objective was to ascertain the appropriate window setting for early detection of acute ischemic stroke and good interobserver agreement between the interpreters...
February 21, 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Marios K Georgakis, Dimitrios Spinos, Apostolos Pourtsidis, Amanda Psyrri, Ioannis G Panourias, Spyridon Sgouros, Eleni Th Petridou
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) comprises a rare widespread infiltrating growth pattern of diffuse gliomas. We explored the incidence patterns and survival rates of GC in a population-based registration sample from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End, Results database (1973-2012). GC cases (n = 176) were identified based on their International Classification of Diseases in Oncology (ICD-O-3) morphology code (9381). We calculated age-adjusted incidence rates (AIR) and evaluated temporal trends. Survival was assessed with Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression models...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Erin E O'Connor, Pauline Chen, Brian Weston, Redmond Anderson, Timothy Zeffiro, Awad Ahmed, Thomas A Zeffiro
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Although substantial increases in publications by female academic radiologists have appeared over the last several decades, it is possible that the rate of increase is decreasing. We examined temporal trends in gender composition for full-time radiology faculty, radiology residents, and medical students over a 46-year period. METHODS: We examined authorship gender trends to determine if the increases in female authorship seen since 1970 have been sustained in recent years and whether female radiologists continue to publish in proportion to their numbers in academic departments...
February 12, 2018: Academic Radiology
Marzieh Shahbazipar, Javad Seyedhosseini, Elnaz Vahidi, Hojat Sheikh Motahar Vahedi, Amirhossein Jahanshir
BACKGROUND: Although the traditional approach to the diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) is using clinical methods, experience has shown that strict reliance on clinical data can lead to mismanagement or unnecessary surgery. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the total agreement of ultrasound (US) results in AA performed by emergency medicine (EM) versus radiology residents in emergency department. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 121 patients with AA suspicion underwent an US exam by both trained EM and radiology residents in emergency department...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jovan Begovic, Antonio Pires, Eugene Won, Samir S Taneja, James S Babb
PURPOSE: To assess the effect on reader performance of an interactive case-based online tutorial for prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation using Prostate Imaging and Reporting Data System (PI-RADS). METHODS: An educational website was developed incorporating scrollable multiparametric prostate MRI examinations with annotated solutions based on PI-RADS version 2. Three second-year radiology residents evaluated a separate set of 60 prostate MRI examinations both before and after review of the online case material, identifying and scoring dominant lesions...
January 10, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Jeffrey P Guenette, Stacy E Smith
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify job resources and job demands associated with measures of personal accomplishment (PA) in radiology residents in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 34-item online survey was administered between May and June 2017 to U.S. radiology residents and included the 8 Likert-type PA questions from the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey, 19 visual analog scale job demands-resources questions, and 7 demographic questions...
February 6, 2018: Academic Radiology
Katharina Hellbach, Ebba Beller, Andreas Schindler, Franziska Schoeppe, Nina Hesse, Alena Baumann, Regina Schinner, Sigrid Auweter, Christian Hauke, Marcus Radicke, Felix G Meinel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the detection of foreign bodies can be improved using dark-field and phase-contrast radiography compared with conventional (transmission) radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Experiments were performed using ex vivo pig paws, which were prepared with differently sized foreign bodies of metal, wood, and glass (n = 10 each). Paws without foreign bodies served as controls (n = 30). All images were acquired using an experimental grating-based large object radiography system...
February 7, 2018: Investigative Radiology
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