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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155463/free-gracilis-muscle-transfer-for-smile-reanimation-after-treatment-for-advanced-parotid-malignancy
#1
Callum Faris, Alyssa Heiser, Tessa Hadlock, Nate Jowett
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize the outcomes of free gracilis muscle transfer for delayed smile reanimation after radical parotidectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients who underwent free gracilis muscle transfer for smile reanimation after radical parotidectomy between 2003 and 2016 was performed. Patient-reported quality of life (Facial Clinimetric Evaluation Scale [FaCE]), physician-reported facial function ("eFACE" facial grading scale), and oral commissure excursion were compared preoperatively and postoperatively...
November 20, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120527/castle-tumor-of-the-parotid-first-documented-case-literature-review-and-genetic-analysis-of-the-cancer
#2
Eugene Hung Chih Wong, Nora Tetter, Alexandar Tzankov, Laurent Muller
BACKGROUND: Carcinoma showing thymus-like elements (CASTLE) is a rare tumor that normally affects the thyroid gland and was thought to arise from either the remnants of the branchial pouch or the ectopic cervical thymic tissue. These tumors show strong immunopositivity for CD5, P63, and CD117. Most CASTLE of the thyroid gland is treated with surgery with or without adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy. METHOD: A 55-year-old woman presented with a slow-growing right parotid mass...
November 9, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100720/prognostic-factors-for-parotid-metastasis-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#3
C Bobin, P Ingrand, B Dréno, E Rio, O Malard, F Espitalier
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) develops on the head in 80% of cases. Parotid metastasis (PM) is rare, but treatment, which associates surgery and radiation therapy, is heavy and prognosis poor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases of parotidectomy for PM of CSCC of the head and neck between 2005 and 2015 were studied retrospectively. Epidemiologic, oncologic and therapeutic data were analyzed. Overall and specific survival were calculated following Kaplan-Meier...
October 31, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095193/the-effectiveness-of-sternocleidomastoid-flap-versus-superficial-musculoaponeurotic-system-flap-for-the-prevention-of-frey-syndrome-and-facial-depressed-deformity-in-parotid-surgery-for-pleomorphic-adenoma
#4
Marco Manola, Luca Moscillo, Vittorio Simeon, Elena De Luca, Americo Mastella
The purpose of this study was to compare 2 types of reconstruction techniques: sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flap and superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap after partial parotidectomy (PP) for preventing Frey syndrome (FS) and concave facial depressed deformity. A total of 99 patients underwent PP for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. The patients were divided in 2 groups according to the dimension of the tumor: tumors less than 3 cm (group A, 47 patients) and tumors greater than or equal to 3 cm (group B, 52 patients)...
October 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074443/posterior-belly-of-digastric-muscle-flap-for-contour-deformity-correction-after-superficial-parotidectomy
#5
A Rai, A Jain, M Khan
The correction of the contour deformity after parotidectomy has become an essential procedure in the recent times for the betterment of patients' quality of life. Various modalities have been highlighted in the literature for the same. We recommend the use of posterior belly of digastric muscle flap for correction of contour deformity post excision of parotid gland tumors, subsequently ameliorating the aesthetics of the face.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073548/anatomic-variation-of-the-relation-between-the-facial-nerve-and-the-retromandibular-vein-during-superficial-parotidectomy-a-rare-case-report
#6
Menelaos Zoulamoglou, Maria Zarokosta, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Τheodoros Piperos, Ioannis Flessas, Dimosthenis Kakaviatos, Vasileios Kalles, Vasileios Bonatsos, Markos Sgantzos, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
INTRODUCTION: Identification and preservation of the facial nerve (FN) is a major challenge when performing parotidectomy. Anatomic variations of the relation between the FN and the retromandibular vein (RMV) pose a high risk of nerve injury and bleeding during the operation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An unusual anatomic variation of the relation between the FN and the RMV was unexpectedly detected during superficial parotidectomy. The operation was uneventful. A meticulous review of the recent literature was conducted as well...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051404/complications-after-parotid-gland-surgery-our-experience
#7
Antonio Romano, Antonia Cama, Raffaele Corvino, Pasquale Graziano, Marco Friscia, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
AIM: Complications after parotid surgery include deficit of the facial nerve, wound complications, as sialocele and salivary fistula, and Frey syndrome; the goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the type of parotid surgery performed and the incidence of each of these complications. MATERIAL OF STUDY: A total of 184 patients were evaluated and 158 were included in the study. Four different kinds of intervention were made: extracapsular dissection, partial superficial parotidectomy; superficial parotidectomy and total parotidectomy...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049168/sialocutaneous-fistula-to-the-external-auditory-canal-repaired-with-superficial-parotidectomy-and-temporoparietal-flap-a-case-report
#8
Benjamin D van der Woerd, Stephanie Danielle MacNeil
RATIONALE: Gustatory otorrhea can lead to cutaneous changes, recurrent infection, and social disruption. We present a case of a late, evolving sialocutaneous fistula to the external auditory canal, managed surgically after failing conservative therapies. This case is unique by late evolution, whereby the symptoms presented with significance 27 years after her operation and 19 years after mild symptoms initially arose. PATIENT CONCERNS: Gustatory, left-sided clear otorrhea with acutely increased volume over 8 months causing social disruption...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031506/-cyto-histological-correlation-in-the-management-of-parotid-gland-tumors-a-retrospective-study-of-160%C3%A2-cases
#9
Auriane Pommier, Justine Lerat, Stéphane Orsel, Jean-Pierre Bessede, Karine Aubry
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to correlate the cytological and histological results and evaluate the diagnostic performance of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the management of parotid gland tumors. METHODS: This retrospective study included 160 patients with a parotid gland tumor who underwent fine-needle aspiration and parotidectomy surgery between January 2005 and August 2016 at the Limoges university hospital center. RESULTS: On 160 fine-needle aspirations performed, fine-needle aspiration diagnoses were: 77 benign lesions, 35 malignant lesions and 48 non-diagnostic cases...
October 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026985/deep-lobe-parotidectomy-why-when-and-how
#10
EDITORIAL
Kerry D Olsen, Miquel Quer, Remco de Bree, Vincent Vander Poorten, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
This editorial explores the controversies concerning the surgical management of the deep portion of the parotid gland. Specifically, when should the parotid deep lobe be removed if there is metastatic cancer to a superficial parotid node or when a primary aggressive cancer is found in the superficial lobe? The background, indications, rationale, and results of removing the deep lobe nodes are reviewed. Removal of the deep lobe is done to optimize the oncologic outcome for the patient. Deep lobe parotidectomy plays an important role in the treatment of many parotid gland malignancies...
December 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975191/extracapsular-dissection-vs-superficial-parotidectomy-of-benign-parotid-lesions-surgical-outcomes-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
Masanari G Kato, Evren Erkul, Shaun A Nguyen, Terry A Day, Joshua D Hornig, Eric J Lentsch, M Boyd Gillespie
Importance: The clinical implications of extracapsular dissection over superficial parotidectomy are controversial and limited in data on cost-effectiveness. Objective: To compare extracapsular dissection with superficial parotidectomy for benign parotid tumors with respect to surgical outcomes and cost-effectiveness. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective medical record review and cost-effectiveness analysis performed from August 2012 to November 2015 at a tertiary care institution...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963786/correlation-between-the-pathology-and-clinical-presentations-in-patients-with-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-the-external-auditory-canal
#12
Hongyan Liu, Yibo Zhang, Ting Zhang, Feitian Li, Chunfu Dai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between the pathology and clinical presentations in patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the external auditory canal. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with ACC of the external auditory canal who underwent surgery were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Fifty percent of patients with solid pattern disease had recurrences, followed by those with cribriform (33%) and tubular (0%) pattern...
September 30, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955679/polymorphous-low-grade-adenocarcinoma-of-the-parotid-in-a-teenager
#13
Divya Khosla, Shalini Verma, Nitin Gupta, Rajpal-S Punia, Gurbir Kaur, Awadhesh-K Pandey, Kislay Dimri
INTRODUCTION: Polymorphous low grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a rare salivary gland neoplasm with an indolent course. It occurs primarily in the minor salivary glands but can rarely occur in the major salivary glands. It usually occurs in the fifth to seventh decades of life with female preponderance. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old male presented with recurrent painless swelling in the right preauricular region and with a history of surgical intervention at the same site in the past...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947094/extraskeletal-osteosarcoma-in-the-parotid-gland-a-case-report
#14
Takao Hamamoto, Takashi Kono, Hiromi Furuie, Tsutomu Ueda, Sachio Takeno, Katsuhiro Hirakawa, Koji Arihiro
Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is a very rare tumor and accounts for 4-5% of all osteosarcomas. We describe a 47-year-old Japanese man who presented with a right parotid tumor. The patient underwent total resection with postoperative radiotherapy; however, the tumor recurred in the lung, whereupon he underwent chemotherapy and partial lung resection. After surgery, a hemorrhagic brain metastasis appeared; this tumor was extirpated to prevent bleeding into the brain, after which additional chemotherapy was administered...
September 22, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939075/incidence-of-facial-nerve-sacrifice-in-parotidectomy-for-primary-and-metastatic-malignancies
#15
Brian Swendseid, Shawn Li, Jason Thuener, Rod Rezaee, Pierre Lavertu, Nicole Fowler, Chad Zender
INTRODUCTION: The parotid gland may become involved by primary parotid malignancies and secondarily by metastases from other primary sites. Surgical resection of these tumors can be technically challenging due to the intimate relationship of the parotid gland and the facial nerve. The primary aim of this project was to determine the incidence of facial nerve sacrifice in parotidectomy for primary and secondary malignancies of the parotid. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of was performed...
October 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932166/salivary-duct-carcinoma-of-accessory-parotid
#16
Mohammed A Al-Hashim, Nasser A Al-Jazan
Accessory parotid gland (APG) is seen in around 21%-56% of individuals. Tumors of accessory parotid are uncommon with an incidence rate of 1%-8% of all parotid tumors. Ductal carcinoma of APG is rare, so no reported incidence was seen in the literature. However, salivary gland ductal carcinoma is reported to be 1% of all salivary gland neoplasms. We report here a case of salivary duct carcinoma of APG. Clinical presentation, investigation, and management are discussed. A 69-year-old female presented with a history of the left cheek progressive swelling of 6 years' duration...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931417/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-periocular-merkel-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#17
Dan C Filitis, Gyorgy Paragh, Faramarz H Samie, Nathalie C Zeitouni
BACKGROUND: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for Merkel cell carcinoma recommend performance of the sentinel lymph node biopsy in all patients with clinically negative nodal disease for staging and treatment. Nevertheless, sentinel lymph node biopsy in the periocular region is debated as tumors are typically smaller and lymphatic variability can make performance procedurally problematic. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a Caucasian patient in their seventies who presented with a 1...
September 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925330/preoperative-positron-emission-tomography-for-node-positive-head-and-neck-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Nir Hirshoren, Elizabeth Olayos, Alan Herschtal, Aravind S Ravi Kumar, David E Gyorki
Objectives Surgery is the primary treatment modality for node-positive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck with no distant disease (HNcSCC-M0). The role of preoperative positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan for these patients is unclear. We compared preoperative PET/CT with final histopathology among patients undergoing lymphadenectomy and/or parotidectomy for HNcSCC-M0. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Single Australian center. Subjects and Methods Investigation included disease parameters and preoperative CT and PET/CT findings of 64 patients with node-positive HNcSCC without distant metastatic disease...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913321/mixed-tumor-in-deep-lobe-and-versatility-of-acellular-dermal-matrix
#19
Jin Hwan Byun, Jung Soo Lim, Hye Kyung Lee
Frey's syndrome and infra-auricular depressed deformities are the ones of the most common complications that can occur after total parotidectomy. We report 1 case of pleomorphic adenoma occurred in the deep lobe that obtained good results from using acellular dermal matrix (ADM) after total parotidectomy. A 24-year-old man visited the hospital with oval shape mass in right mandibular angle which of 4 cm in size was found in the deep lobe of right parotid gland from Magnetic resonance imaging scanning and a pleomorphic adenoma was suspected...
June 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899693/clinical-efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-in-salivary-duct-stenosis-a-preliminary-study-of-six-cases
#20
C Trapeau, J M Foletti, C Collet, L Guyot, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: Salivary duct stenosis is the second most common cause of obstructive pathology after lithiases, and it primarily affects the parotid gland. Salivary duct stenosis is treated with drug therapy and/or sialendoscopy. If unsuccessful, surgical removal of the gland is indicated, but it is associated with a high risk of facial morbidity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of an alternate treatment, botulinum toxin, in salivary duct stenosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a preliminary retrospective study from January 2011 to December 2014, six patients with parotid duct stenosis received 50IU of botulinum toxin in three injections in the parotid gland...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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