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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404868/collective-benefits-in-traffic-during-mega-events-via-the-use-of-information-technologies
#1
Yanyan Xu, Marta C González
Information technologies today can inform each of us about the route with the shortest time, but they do not contain incentives to manage travellers such that we all get collective benefits in travel times. To that end we need travel demand estimates and target strategies to reduce the traffic volume from the congested roads during peak hours in a feasible way. During large events, the traffic inconveniences in large cities are unusually high, yet temporary, and the entire population may be more willing to adopt collective recommendations for collective benefits in traffic...
April 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398288/spatiotemporal-historical-datasets-at-micro-level-for-geocoded-individuals-in-five-swedish-parishes-1813-1914
#2
Finn Hedefalk, Patrick Svensson, Lars Harrie
This paper presents datasets that enable historical longitudinal studies of micro-level geographic factors in a rural setting. These types of datasets are new, as historical demography studies have generally failed to properly include the micro-level geographic factors. Our datasets describe the geography over five Swedish rural parishes, and by linking them to a longitudinal demographic database, we obtain a geocoded population (at the property unit level) for this area for the period 1813-1914. The population is a subset of the Scanian Economic Demographic Database (SEDD)...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383165/shaping-the-professional-landscape-through-research-advocacy-and-education-an-australian-perspective
#3
Gemma Siemensma, Ann Ritchie, Suzanne Lewis
This article is the first in a new series in this regular feature. The intention of the series is to look at important global developments in health science libraries. Librarians will be invited to share with HILJ readers key initiatives in their country or region. These articles should serve as a road map, describing the key changes in the field and exploring factors driving these changes. We initiate this series with an article by three Australian librarians who use research findings to depict the evolving professional landscape in their country...
April 6, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382211/paraplegia-and-transtibial-amputation-successful-ambulation-after-dual-disability-a-retrospective-case-report
#4
Thangavelu Senthilvelkumar, Bobeena R Chandy
INTRODUCTION: This is a single-subject case report. The objective is to describe the unique rehabilitation outcome of an individual with motor complete T12 paraplegia and a right transtibial amputation. This study was conducted at the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Christian Medical College in India. CASE PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old policeman presented to our rehabilitation centre with motor complete T12 paraplegia and right transtibial amputation, 3 months following a road traffic accident...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375426/spatial-conscript-body-height-correlation-of-norwegian-districts-in-the-19-th-century
#5
Dominik Bents, Alexander Rybak, Detlef Groth
Background: We investigated height of Norwegian conscripts in view of the hypothesis of a "community effect on height" using autocorrelation analysis of district heights within a time-span of 20 years at the end of the 19(th) century and correlations between neighboring districts at this time. Material and methods: After digitalizing available body height data of Norwegian draftees in 1877-1878, 1880 (averaged as 1878), and 1895-1897 (averaged as 1896) we calculated the magnitude of autocorrelation of body height within the same municipality at different time points...
April 4, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371494/quality-by-control-towards-model-predictive-control-of-mammalian-cell-culture-bioprocesses
#6
REVIEW
Wolfgang Sommeregger, Bernhard Sissolak, Kulwant Kandra, Moritz von Stosch, Martin Mayer, Gerald Striedner
The industrial production of complex biopharmaceuticals using recombinant mammalian cell lines is still mainly built on a quality by testing approach, which is represented by fixed process conditions and extensive testing of the end-product. In 2004 the FDA launched the process analytical technology initiative, aiming to guide the industry towards advanced process monitoring and better understanding of how critical process parameters affect the critical quality attributes. Implementation of process analytical technology into the bio-production process enables moving from the quality by testing to a more flexible quality by design approach...
March 31, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364516/asleep-at-the-wheel-the-road-to-addressing-drowsy-driving
#7
J Stephen Higgins, Jeff Michael, Rory Austin, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Hans P A Van Dongen, Nathaniel Watson, Charles Czeisler, Allan I Pack, Mark R Rosekind
Drowsy driving is a dangerous behavior that leads to thousands of deaths and injuries each year. It is also a controllable factor for drivers. Drivers are capable of modifying this behavior if given sufficient information and motivation. Our goal is to establish a comprehensive and strategic effort to end drowsy driving crashes and deaths. This article highlights some of the conclusions of a unique recent meeting of sleep experts and highway safety professionals and describes the first steps the community has taken and plans to take in the future to address this issue...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340317/opportunities-for-crash-and-injury-reduction-a-multi-harm-approach-for-crash-data-analysis
#8
Ann Mallory, Allison Kender, Kevin Moorhouse
OBJECTIVE: A multi-harm approach for analyzing crash and injury data was developed for the ultimate purpose of getting a richer picture of motor vehicle crash outcomes identifying research opportunities in crash safety. METHODS: Methods were illustrated using a retrospective analysis of 69,597 occupant cases from NASS CDS (National Automotive Sampling System Crashworthiness Data System) from 2005 to 2015. Occupant cases were analyzed by frequency and severity of outcome: fatality, injury by AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale), number of cases, attributable fatality, disability, and injury costs...
March 24, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339313/palliative-care-in-surgery-defining-the-research-priorities
#9
Elizabeth J Lilley, Zara Cooper, Margaret L Schwarze, Anne C Mosenthal
Given the acute and often life-limiting nature of surgical illness, as well as the potential for treatment to induce further suffering, surgical patients have considerable palliative care needs. Yet, these patients are less likely to receive palliative care than their medical counterparts and palliative care consultations often occur when death is imminent, reflecting poor quality end-of-life care. Surgical patients would likely benefit from early palliative care delivered alongside surgical treatment to promote goal-concordant decision making and to improve patients' physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being and quality of life...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333986/building-the-road-to-a-regional-zoonoses-strategy-a-survey-of-zoonoses-programmes-in-the-americas
#10
Melody J Maxwell, Mary H Freire de Carvalho, Armando E Hoet, Marco A N Vigilato, Julio C Pompei, Ottorino Cosivi, Victor J Del Rio Vilas
BACKGROUND: In recent years, global public health security has been threatened by zoonotic disease emergence as exemplified by outbreaks of H5N1 and H1N1 influenza, SARS, and most recently Ebola and Zika. Additionally, endemic zoonoses, such as rabies, burden countries year after year, placing demands on limited finances and personnel. To survey the baseline status of the emerging and endemic zoonoses programmes of the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) countries, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) conducted a survey of priority emerging and endemic zoonoses, countries´ prioritization criteria and methodologies, and suggestions to strengthen countries capacities and regional approaches to zoonoses control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296466/road-accident-fatality-risks-for-vulnerable-versus-protected-road-users-in-northern-ghana
#11
James Damsere-Derry, Gavan Palk, Mark King
Background Road traffic injuries (RTIs) are a serious epidemic which claims more than a million lives across the globe each year. The burden of RTIs is particularly pronounced in Africa and other low and middle income countries. The unfavourable disparity of the burden of road trauma in the world is largely attributable to unsafe vehicles, lack of appropriate road infrastructure and the predominance of vulnerable road users (VRUs) in developing countries. However, little research exists in Northern Ghana to highlight the scale and risk of death among road users...
March 15, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286828/predictive-factors-of-poor-outcome-in-road-traffic-injures-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Majid Shojaee, Parvin Kashani, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Dorrin Aghajani Nargesi, Mohammad Reza Amini Esfahani
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries (RTI) are among the most important health problems worldwide as they cause more than 1.2 million deaths and 50 million injuries each year. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate the outcome and aftermath of RTI in those who were injured and hospitalized due to a traffic accident. METHODS: In the present retrospective cohort study with a one-year follow-up, data were extracted from the profiles of the RTI hospitalized patients...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271087/comparison-of-pediatric-and-general-orthopedic-surgeons-approaches-in-management-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-and-flexible-flatfoot-the-road-to-clinical-consensus
#13
Ramin Haj Zargarbashi, Hirbod Nasiri Bonaki, Shayan Abdollah Zadegan, Taghi Baghdadi, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Mehdi Ramezan Shirazi
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and flatfoot are common pediatric orthopedic disorders, being referred to and managed by both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons, through various modalities. Our study aimed to evaluate their consensus and perspective disagreements in terms of diagnostic and therapeutic approaches of the mentioned deformities. Forty participants in two groups of general orthopedic surgeons (GOS) (n=20) and pediatric orthopedic surgeons (POS) (n=20), were asked to answer an 8-item questionnaire on DDH and flexible flatfoot...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270143/residential-distance-to-major-roadways-and-cardiac-structure-in-african-americans-cross-sectional-results-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#14
Anne M Weaver, Gregory A Wellenius, Wen-Chih Wu, DeMarc A Hickson, Masoor Kamalesh, Yi Wang
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) is a significant source of morbidity and mortality among African Americans. Ambient air pollution, including from traffic, is associated with HF, but the mechanisms remain unknown. The objectives of this study were to estimate the cross-sectional associations between residential distance to major roadways with markers of cardiac structure: left ventricular (LV) mass index, LV end-diastolic diameter, LV end-systolic diameter, and LV hypertrophy among African Americans...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250673/a-study-on-posttraumatic-experience-of-road-traffic-accident-afflicted-maxillofacial-trauma-patient-at-tertiary-hospital
#15
Santosh Kumar Yadav, Suraksha Shrestha
OBJECTIVES: Patients are usually left in a vulnerable state after an accident. Because of this, they long for a good encounter when they are brought to the hospital. Physical impairment and psychological morbidities are some of the complications that can occur to them. Traditionally, surgeons tend to pay little attention to a patient's emotional and psychological perspective. The aim of this study was to understand the experience of oral and maxillofacial trauma patients due to road traffic accident right from immediate after the accident till the end of definitive treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206876/sample-treatment-in-pesticide-residue-determination-in-food-by-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-are-generic-extraction-methods-the-end-of-the-road
#16
Roberto Romero-González, Francisco Javier Arrebola Liébanas, Rosalía López-Ruiz, Antonia Garrido Frenich
The use of high-resolution MS (HRMS) is becoming popular in laboratories for the determination of pesticide residues in food commodities. The recent improvements in the instrumentation have helped to increase the number of active compounds and transformation products that can be monitored within a simple chromatographic run. However, prior to instrumental determination, it is necessary to perform a nonspecific, or generic, sample treatment that allows the efficient extraction of several compounds with very relevant differences in their physical and chemical properties...
November 1, 2016: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199630/end-of-the-road-for-aliskiren-in-heart-failure
#17
Andros Tofield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194374/regenerative-potential-of-the-cartilaginous-tissue-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-update-limitations-and-challenges
#18
Ivana Beatrice Mânica da Cruz, Antônio Lourenço Severo, Verônica Farina Azzolin, Luiz Filipe Machado Garcia, André Kuhn, Osvandré Lech
Advances in the studies with adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have turned tissue regenerative therapy into a promising tool in many areas of medicine. In orthopedics, one of the main challenges has been the regeneration of cartilage tissue, mainly in diarthroses. In the induction of the MSCs, in addition to cytodifferentiation, the microenvironmental context of the tissue to be regenerated and an appropriate spatial arrangement are extremely important factors. Furthermore, it is known that MSC differentiation is fundamentally determined by mechanisms such as cell proliferation (mitosis), biochemical-molecular interactions, movement, cell adhesion, and apoptosis...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162916/investigation-on-occupant-injury-severity-in-rear-end-crashes-involving-trucks-as-the-front-vehicle-in-beijing-area-china
#19
Quan Yuan, Meng Lu, Athanasios Theofilatos, Yi-Bing Li
PURPOSE: Rear-end crashes attribute to a large portion of total crashes in China, which lead to many casualties and property damage, especially when involving commercial vehicles. This paper aims to investigate the critical factors for occupant injury severity in the specific rear-end crash type involving trucks as the front vehicle (FV). METHODS: This paper investigated crashes occurred from 2011 to 2013 in Beijing area, China and selected 100 qualified cases i...
February 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153551/current-and-future-percutaneous-strategies-for-the-treatment-of-acute-and-chronic-heart-failure
#20
Ignacio J Amat-Santos, Luis H Varela-Falcón, William T Abraham
The prevalence of heart failure (HF) has risen in parallel with improved survival in patients after a myocardial infarction and an aging population worldwide. In recent years, new percutaneous therapies have been developed to complement current established treatments for acute/decompensated and chronic HF and minimize risks. In acute presentations, the failure of medical treatment is no longer the end of the road in refractory circulatory shock; the use of mechanical circulatory support devices may be the next milestone in well-resourced health settings...
January 30, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
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