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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062518/implementing-montessori-methods-for-dementia-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Sander L Hitzig, Christine L Sheppard
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: A scoping review was conducted to develop an understanding of Montessori-based programing (MBP) approaches used in dementia care and to identify optimal ways to implement these programs across various settings. DESIGN AND METHODS: Six peer-reviewed databases were searched for relevant abstracts by 2 independent reviewers. Included articles and book chapters were those available in English and published by the end of January 2016. Twenty-three articles and 2 book chapters met the inclusion criteria...
January 6, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060704/segnet-a-deep-convolutional-encoder-decoder-architecture-for-scene-segmentation
#2
Vijay Badrinarayanan, Alex Kendall, Roberto Cipolla
We present a novel and practical deep fully convolutional neural network architecture for semantic pixel-wise segmentation termed SegNet. This core trainable segmentation engine consists of an encoder network, a corresponding decoder network followed by a pixel-wise classification layer. The architecture of the encoder network is topologically identical to the 13 convolutional layers in the VGG16 network [1]. The role of the decoder network is to map the low resolution encoder feature maps to full input resolution feature maps for pixel-wise classification...
January 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043705/characteristics-of-pahs-in-street-dust-of-beijing-and-the-annual-wash-off-load-using-an-improved-load-calculation-method
#3
Yingxia Li, Ningning Song, Yang Yu, Zhifeng Yang, Zhenyao Shen
A significant amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) adsorbed in street dust ends up in runoff. Accordingly, evaluating the content, possible wash-off load and constituent risks associated with street dust is critical for urban runoff usage. Based on the PAH concentrations examined in this study, different risk assessment methods were applied and the differences among results were analyzed. An improved PAH wash-off calculation method was established and the annual PAH wash-off load was obtained. In addition, emission sources were diagnosed based on isomer ratios and PMF methods...
December 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043070/opportunities-and-limitations-for-intersection-collision-intervention-a-study-of-real-world-left-turn-across-path-accidents
#4
Ulrich Sander
Turning across the path of oncoming vehicle accidents are frequent and dangerous. To date not many car manufacturers have introduced Automated Emergency Braking (AEB) systems addressing this type of conflict situation, but it is foreseeable that these scenarios will be part of the Euro NCAP 2020 rating. Nine out of ten collisions are caused by the driver of the turning vehicle. An AEB system evaluating the ego and conflict vehicle driver's possibilities to avoid a pending crash by either braking or steering was specified for application in various constellations of vehicle collisions...
December 30, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040048/noise-sensitivity-and-loudness-derivative-index-for-urban-road-traffic-noise-annoyance-computation
#5
Laure-Anne Gille, Catherine Marquis-Favre, Reinhard Weber
Urban road traffic composed of powered-two-wheelers (PTWs), buses, heavy, and light vehicles is a major source of noise annoyance. In order to assess annoyance models considering different acoustical and non-acoustical factors, a laboratory experiment on short-term annoyance due to urban road traffic noise was conducted. At the end of the experiment, participants were asked to rate their noise sensitivity and to describe the noise sequences they heard. This verbalization task highlights that annoyance ratings are highly influenced by the presence of PTWs and by different acoustical features: noise intensity, irregular temporal amplitude variation, regular amplitude modulation, and spectral content...
December 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038877/emissions-of-organic-pollutants-from-traffic-and-roads-priority-pollutants-selection-and-substance-flow-analysis
#6
Anna Markiewicz, Karin Björklund, Eva Eriksson, Yuliya Kalmykova, Ann-Margret Strömvall, Anna Siopi
A large number of organic pollutants (OPs) emitted from vehicles and traffic-related activities exhibit environmental persistence and a tendency to bioaccumulate, and may have detrimental long-term effects on aquatic life. The aim of the study was to establish a list of significant sources of OPs occurring in road runoff, identify the OPs emitted from these sources, select a number of priority pollutants (PP), and estimate the quantity of PPs emitted in a road environment case study using substance flow analysis (SFA)...
December 27, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036065/design-of-a-mobile-low-cost-sensor-network-using-urban-buses-for-real-time-ubiquitous-noise-monitoring
#7
Rosa Ma Alsina-Pagès, Unai Hernandez-Jayo, Francesc Alías, Ignacio Angulo
One of the main priorities of smart cities is improving the quality of life of their inhabitants. Traffic noise is one of the pollutant sources that causes a negative impact on the quality of life of citizens, which is gaining attention among authorities. The European Commission has promoted the Environmental Noise Directive 2002/49/EC (END) to inform citizens and to prevent the harmful effects of noise exposure. The measure of acoustic levels using noise maps is a strategic issue in the END action plan. Noise maps are typically calculated by computing the average noise during one year and updated every five years...
December 29, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004145/nobel-prize-nominees-and-the-rise-of-urology-in-europe-around-1900
#8
Nils Hansson, Matthis Krischel, Thorsten Halling, Friedrich Moll, Heiner Fangerau
PURPOSE: Recent historical research has reconstructed the roads leading to the Nobel Prize for the trained urologists Werner Forssmann (1904-1979) in 1956 and Charles Huggins (1901-1997) in 1966. However, the story of urology and the Nobel Prize does not start and end with the laureates. Taking James Israel (1848-1926), Félix Guyon (1831-1920), and Peter J Freyer (1852-1921) as examples, this paper shows that pioneers in urology were in fact runners-up for the award much earlier. METHODS: The study is based on an analysis of original files in the Nobel Prize archive in Stockholm, scientific publications of the early twentieth century, and secondary literature...
December 21, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999053/issues-in-antifungal-stewardship-an-opportunity-that-should-not-be-lost
#9
Chand Wattal, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Jaswinder Kaur Oberoi, J Peter Donnelly, Rosemary A Barnes, B L Sherwal, Neeraj Goel, Sonal Saxena, George M Varghese, Rajeev Soman, Poonam Loomba, Bansidhar Tarai, Sanjay Singhal, Naimish Mehta, V Ramasubramanian, Dharma Choudhary, Yatin Mehta, Supradip Ghosh, Sumathi Muralidhar, Ravinder Kaur
Many countries have observed an increase in the incidence of invasive fungal infections (IFIs) over the past two decades with emergence of new risk factors and isolation of new fungal pathogens. Early diagnosis and appropriate antifungal treatment remain the cornerstones of successful outcomes. However, due to non-specific clinical presentations and limited availability of rapid diagnostic tests, in more than half of cases antifungal treatment is inappropriate. As a result, the emergence of antifungal resistance both in yeasts and mycelial fungi is becoming increasingly common...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938449/ems-systems-in-lower-middle-income-countries-a-literature-review
#10
Suryanto, Virginia Plummer, Malcolm Boyle
: Introduction Prehospital care is one of the many issues that require addressing by lower-middle income countries (LMICs) where approximately 90% of global injuries occur. This may arise from more traffic in LMICs, poor road conditions, lack of public awareness of the importance of road safety, and the lack of ability to provide first aid to the victims. However, prehospital care in LMICs remains underdeveloped. Problem There is insufficient evidence regarding the development of prehospital care among LMICs...
December 12, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909209/reuse-of-bituminous-pavements-a-mini-review-of-research-regulations-and-modelling
#11
REVIEW
Joke Anthonissen, Wim Van den Bergh, Johan Braet
Bituminous pavement can be recycled - even multiple times - by reusing it in new bituminous mixtures. If the mechanical properties of the binder get worse, this reclaimed asphalt is often used in the sub-structure of the road. Apparently, up till now, no end-of-life phase exists for the material. Actually, defining the end-of-life and the end-of-waste stage of a material is important for life cycle assessment modelling. Various standards and scientific studies on modelling life cycle assessment are known, but the crucial stages are not yet defined for reclaimed asphalt pavement...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883315/the-need-for-accurate-risk-prediction-models-for-road-mapping-shared-decision-making-and-care-planning-for-the-elderly-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Marijke Stryckers, Evi V Nagler, Wim Van Biesen
As people age, chronic kidney disease becomes more common, but it rarely leads to end-stage kidney disease. When it does, the choice between dialysis and conservative care can be daunting, as much depends on life expectancy and personal expectations of medical care. Shared decision making implies adequately informing patients about their options, and facilitating deliberation of the available information, such that decisions are tailored to the individual's values and preferences. Accurate estimations of one's risk of progression to end-stage kidney disease and death with or without dialysis are essential for shared decision making to be effective...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879497/the-differential-diagnosis-between-natural-death-and-homicide-an-everlasting-challenge-for-the-forensic-pathologist-an-exemplar-case-report
#13
Alessandro di Luca, Valentino de Matteis, Antonio Marcelli, Matteo Polacco, Vincenzo L Pascali, Antonio Oliva
Most of the work performed by the forensic expert is to find proof for different plausible hypotheses that may be used in a trial to serve justice purposes when the "identity" of a case is already unveiled. Yet the previous phase of the investigation is also of great importance, and sometimes (like in the presented case), it represents the core element of the entire investigation. The appropriate determination of the differential diagnosis between a natural death and a death of forensic interest (ie, homicide) is the first and crucial step in the classification of a case...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834924/traffic-management-for-emergency-vehicle-priority-based-on-visual-sensing
#14
Kapileswar Nellore, Gerhard P Hancke
Vehicular traffic is endlessly increasing everywhere in the world and can cause terrible traffic congestion at intersections. Most of the traffic lights today feature a fixed green light sequence, therefore the green light sequence is determined without taking the presence of the emergency vehicles into account. Therefore, emergency vehicles such as ambulances, police cars, fire engines, etc. stuck in a traffic jam and delayed in reaching their destination can lead to loss of property and valuable lives. This paper presents an approach to schedule emergency vehicles in traffic...
November 10, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809285/design-and-analysis-of-a-beacon-less-routing-protocol-for-large-volume-content-dissemination-in-vehicular-ad-hoc-networks
#15
Miao Hu, Zhangdui Zhong, Minming Ni, Andrea Baiocchi
Large volume content dissemination is pursued by the growing number of high quality applications for Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks(VANETs), e.g., the live road surveillance service and the video-based overtaking assistant service. For the highly dynamical vehicular network topology, beacon-less routing protocols have been proven to be efficient in achieving a balance between the system performance and the control overhead. However, to the authors' best knowledge, the routing design for large volume content has not been well considered in the previous work, which will introduce new challenges, e...
November 1, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801878/air-pollution-exposure-in-relation-to-the-commute-to-school-a-bradford-uk-case-study
#16
Kim N Dirks, Judith Y T Wang, Amirul Khan, Christopher Rushton
Walking School Buses (WSBs) provide a safe alternative to being driven to school. Children benefit from the contribution the exercise provides towards their daily exercise target, it gives children practical experience with respect to road safety and it helps to relieve traffic congestion around the entrance to their school. Walking routes are designed largely based in road safety considerations, catchment need and the availability of parent support. However, little attention is given to the air pollution exposure experienced by children during their journey to school, despite the commuting microenvironment being an important contributor to a child's daily air pollution exposure...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801794/sensor-location-problem-optimization-for-traffic-network-with-different-spatial-distributions-of-traffic-information
#17
Xu Bao, Haijian Li, Lingqiao Qin, Dongwei Xu, Bin Ran, Jian Rong
To obtain adequate traffic information, the density of traffic sensors should be sufficiently high to cover the entire transportation network. However, deploying sensors densely over the entire network may not be realistic for practical applications due to the budgetary constraints of traffic management agencies. This paper describes several possible spatial distributions of traffic information credibility and proposes corresponding different sensor information credibility functions to describe these spatial distribution properties...
October 27, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801793/identification-of-vape-shops-in-two-north-carolina-counties-an-approach-for-states-without-retailer-licensing
#18
Joseph G L Lee, Heather D'Angelo, Jaleel D Kuteh, Ryan J Martin
Stores that sell electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) as their primary product are a new phenomenon and often termed "vape shops". While vape shops are now regulated by state and federal agencies, not all states maintain lists of vape shops in operation. Standard ways of identifying tobacco retailers through off-premise alcohol permits and business listing services may not identify vape shops. We used four online business listing services (i.e., Google Maps, ReferenceUSA, YellowPages.com, Yelp) to identify vape shops in two counties in North Carolina (NC)...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792946/method-for-selection-of-optimal-road-safety-composite-index-with-examples-from-dea-and-topsis-method
#19
Miroslav Rosić, Dalibor Pešić, Dragoslav Kukić, Boris Antić, Milan Božović
Concept of composite road safety index is a popular and relatively new concept among road safety experts around the world. As there is a constant need for comparison among different units (countries, municipalities, roads, etc.) there is need to choose an adequate method which will make comparison fair to all compared units. Usually comparisons using one specific indicator (parameter which describes safety or unsafety) can end up with totally different ranking of compared units which is quite complicated for decision maker to determine "real best performers"...
January 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790517/isolated-mesenteric-vascular-injury-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma-leading-to-massive-segmental-gangrene-of-small-gut-a-case-report
#20
Sibabrata Kar, Vandana Mohapatra, Pratap Kumar Rath
Isolated mesenteric vascular injury following blunt abdominal trauma as a result of road traffic accidents is rare. Delay in reaching hospital, delay in diagnosis, or late operative intervention could lead to increased morbidity, prolonged hospital stay and even mortality. We herein report a case of such injury with subsequent massive segmental small bowel infarction. The patient was referred to our institute ten hours after the alleged accident. Resection of the infarcted bowel segment with end-to-end anastomosis was done...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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