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Ahmed Elnady, W Ben Mortenson, Carlo Menon
BACKGROUND: Advances in wearable robotic technologies have increased the potential of these devices for rehabilitation and as assistive devices. However, the utilization of these devices is still limited and there are questions regarding how well these devices address users' (therapists and patients) needs. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) describe users' perceptions about existing wearable robotic devices for the upper extremity; (2) identify if there is a need to develop new devices for the upper extremity and the desired features; and (3) explore obstacles that would influence the utilization of these new devices...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
Marta Vila-Cortavitarte, Daniel Jato-Espino, Daniel Castro-Fresno, Miguel Á Calzada-Pérez
Major advances have been achieved in the field of self-healing by magnetic induction in which the addition of metallic particles into asphalt mixtures enables repairing their own cracks. This technology has already been proven to increase the life expectancy of roads. Nevertheless, its higher costs in comparison with conventional maintenance caused by the price of virgin metallic particles still makes it unattractive for investment. This research aimed at making this process economically accessible as well as environmentally efficient...
May 15, 2018: Materials
Behzad Damari, Zahra Abdollahi, Majid Hajifaraji, Arezoo Rezazadeh
Background: All government policies and programmes for food and nutrition security should include providing healthy food, as well as providing economic and social availability for all people. Aim: This study aimed to analyse the current situation of Iranian food and nutrition security and establish a road map towards 2021. Methods: The applied methods were situation analysis and a mixed qualitative-quantitative method. The conceptual method used for developing this national document encompassed three areas: sustainable food supply, food safety and nutrition...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
Mohammad Jalayer, Ramin Shabanpour, Mahdi Pour-Rouholamin, Nima Golshani, Huaguo Zhou
In the context of traffic safety, whenever a motorized road user moves against the proper flow of vehicle movement on physically divided highways or access ramps, this is referred to as wrong-way driving (WWD). WWD is notorious for its severity rather than frequency. Based on data from the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, an average of 355 deaths occur in the U.S. each year due to WWD. This total translates to 1.34 fatalities per fatal WWD crashes, whereas the same rate for other crash types is 1...
April 23, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Tom Noah, Yaacov Schul, Ruth Mayo
This article suggests a theoretically driven explanation for a replication failure of one of the basic findings in psychology: the facial-feedback effect. According to the facial-feedback hypothesis, the facial activity associated with particular emotional expressions can influence people's affective experiences. Recently, a replication attempt of this effect in 17 laboratories around the world failed to find any support for the effect. We hypothesize that the reason for the failure of replication is that the replication protocol deviated from that of the original experiment in a critical factor...
May 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Ziyan Wang, Lina Tang, Quanyi Qiu, Huaxiang Chen, Tong Wu, Guofan Shao
Intensifying urbanization and rapid population growth in Fujian Province, China, has caused pollution of air and water resources; this has adversely impacted ecosystems and human health. China has recently begun pursuing a massive infrastructure and economic development strategy called the Belt and Road Initiative, which could potentially cause further environmental damage. Evaluations of ecosystem health are therefore a first step towards identifying the potential impacts from the development and planning sustainable development strategies in the Golden Triangle of Southern Fujian...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yoshitomo Mori, Minoru Yoneda, Yoko Shimada, Satoshi Fukutani, Maiko Ikegami, Ryohei Shimomura
We investigated the depth profiles of radioactive Cs, ignition loss, and cation exchange capacity (CEC) in five types of forest soils sampled using scraper plates. We then simulated the monitored depth profiles in a compartment model, taking ignition loss as a parameter based on experimental results showing a positive correlation between ignition loss and the CEC. The calculated values were comparable with the monitored values, though some discrepancy was observed in the middle of the soil layer. Based on decontamination data on the surface dose rate and surface contamination concentration, we newly defined a surface residual index (SRI) to evaluate the residual radioactive Cs on surfaces...
March 29, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Thomas Seacrist, Ethan C Douglas, Elaine Huang, James Megariotis, Abhiti Prabahar, Abyaad Kashem, Ayya Elzarka, Leora Haber, Taryn MacKinney, Helen Loeb
OBJECTIVE: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among young drivers. Though previous research has focused on crash events, near crashes offer additional data to help identify driver errors that could potentially lead to crashes as well as evasive maneuvers used to avoid them. The Strategic Highway Research Program 2 (SHRP2) Naturalistic Driving Study (NDS) contains extensive data on real-world driving and offers a reliable methodology to quantify and study near crashes...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
Jane Wu, Steven G Faux, Christopher J Poulos, Ian Harris
BACKGROUND: Population-based patterns of care studies are important for trauma care but conducting them is expensive and resource-intensive. Linkage of routinely collected administrative health data may provide an efficient alternative. The aims of this study are to describe the rehabilitation pathway for trauma survivors and to analyse the brain injury rehabilitation outcomes in the two care settings (specialist brain injury and non-specialist general rehabilitation units). METHODS: This is an observational study using routinely collected registry data (New South Wales Trauma Registry linked with the Australasian Rehabilitation Outcomes Centre Inpatient Dataset)...
March 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Lancet
Juan A Cabrera, Juan J Castillo, Javier Pérez, Juan M Velasco, Antonio J Guerra, Pedro Hernández
Knowledge of tire-road friction characteristics is essential for the proper performance of most relevant vehicle active safety systems. Therefore, its determination is necessary to improve the effectiveness of these systems and to avoid or reduce the consequences of traffic accidents. For this reason, there is a great deal of literature concerning methods and devices for measuring and modeling tire-road friction. Most of these methods have focused on determining the road friction resistance, taking only road composition and making measurements in wet conditions into account...
March 17, 2018: Sensors
Diana Meza-Figueroa, Belem González-Grijalva, Francisco Romero, Joaquin Ruiz, Martín Pedroza-Montero, Carlos Ibañez-Del Rivero, Mónica Acosta-Elías, Lucas Ochoa-Landin, Sofía Navarro-Espinoza
The environmental fate of lead derived from traffic paint has been poorly studied in developing countries, mainly in arid zones. For this purpose, a developing city located in the Sonoran desert (Hermosillo, Mexico), was chosen to conduct a study. In this paper the lead chromate (crocoite) sources in atmospheric dust were addressed using a combination of Raman microspectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Pb isotope measurements. A high concentration of Pb and Cr as micro- and nanostructured pigments of crocoite is reported in yellow traffic paint (n=80), road dust (n=146), settled dust in roofs (n=21), and atmospheric dust (n=20) from a developing city located in the Sonoran Desert...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Young-Duk Kim, Guk-Jin Son, Chan-Ho Song, Hee-Kang Kim
Recently, radar technology has attracted attention for the realization of an intelligent transportation system (ITS) to monitor, track, and manage vehicle traffic on the roads as well as adaptive cruise control (ACC) and automatic emergency braking (AEB) for driving assistance of vehicles. However, when radar is installed on roads or in tunnels, the detection performance is significantly dependent on the deployment conditions and environment around the radar. In particular, in the case of tunnels, the detection accuracy for a moving vehicle drops sharply owing to the diffuse reflection of radio frequency (RF) signals...
March 11, 2018: Sensors
Yutong Cai, Susan Hodgson, Marta Blangiardo, John Gulliver, David Morley, Daniela Fecht, Danielle Vienneau, Kees de Hoogh, Tim Key, Kristian Hveem, Paul Elliott, Anna L Hansell
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noise and air pollution on incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in three large cohorts: HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank. METHODS: In pooled complete-case sample of the three cohorts from Norway and the United Kingdom (N = 355,732), 21,081 incident all CVD cases including 5259 ischemic heart disease (IHD) and 2871 cerebrovascular cases were ascertained between baseline (1993-2010) and end of follow-up (2008-2013) through medical record linkage...
May 2018: Environment International
L U Ding, T Ben-Fu, D Qi-Hua, C Lin, Z Bo
Objective To study the effect of schistosomiasis transmission interruption model based on intensive agriculture in hilly endemic areas, so as to provide the reference for the similar endemic areas. Methods Based on the development of intensive agriculture in Guanghan City, a comprehensive demonstration area of schistosomiasis control with measures such as new rural construction, hardening ditches, the adjustment of industrial structure and water remediation measures was constructed. Jinhua, Shiguan and Hongyan villages were chosen as the evaluation sites to comparatively analyze the indexes of intensive agriculture and schistosomiasis control effects...
August 9, 2017: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
A Ηatzioannou, M Karanikola, E Papathanasoglou, Aik Kaikoushi, M Nystazaki, G Alevizopoulos
Bipolar disorder (BD) encompasses neuro-cognitive disturbances leading to psychological and social consequences affecting the quality of life of those suffering from it. However, the number of studies on the lived experience of people with BD about the treatment provided is relatively scant. The aim of this study is to investigate the lived experience of people with BD, focused on their perceptions and meanings about the treatment provided for their disorder. A qualitative, phenomenological design was applied...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
André L Teixeira, Milena Samora, Jeann L Sabino-Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Marie Hasselberg, Marie Kirsebom, Josefin Bäckström, Hans-Yngve Berg, Ritva Rissanen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, injuries represent one of the leading causes of mortality, and nearly one-quarter of all injuries are road traffic related. In many high-income countries, the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) has shifted from premature death to injury and disability with long-term consequences; therefore, it is important to assess the full burden of an RTI on individual lives. OBJECTIVE: To describe how men and women with minor and moderate injuries reported the consequences of an RTI on their health and lives...
February 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
María Pilar Sánchez González, Francisco Escribano Sotos, Ángel Tejada Ponce
This study has two aims. The first is to determine how various factors impact on the number of fatalities, serious injuries and slight injuries adjusted for the level of traffic on interurban roads in Spain. The second is to establish the number of victims per million vehicle-kilometres (veh-km) travelled on interurban roads in each province resulting from the effect of its specific characteristics. To this end, we developed six fixed effect panel data models with panel corrected standard errors for the 1999-2015 period...
February 21, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Jonathan B Kruskal, Amy K Patel, Deborah Levine, Cheri L Canon, Katarzyna J Macura, Brenda J Allen, Carolyn Meltzer
The 39th radiology Intersociety Committee reviewed the current state of diversity among trainees and in our workplaces and addressed future strategies for fostering diversity through inclusion. The assembled participants addressed the imperatives and drivers for diversity and developed a road map to foster diversity. Themes included the need to be proactive in increasing awareness of our own biases and their potential impact on workplace decisions, overcoming blind spots, and being culturally sensitive. The need to identify and eliminate barriers to diversity was discussed at both the organizational and practice level and included efforts to break down structural and clinical barriers, such as training in multicultural awareness...
May 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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