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Masoud Homayouni-Tabrizi, Ahmad Asoodeh, Mozhgan Soltani
Peptides from natural sources such as milk are shown to have a wide spectrum of biological activities. In this study, three peptides with antioxidant capacity were identified from camel milk protein hydrolysate. Pepsin and pancreatin were used for hydrolysis of milk proteins. Ultrafiltration and reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography were used for the concentration and purification of the hydrolysate, respectively. Sequences of the three peptides, which were determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight spectrophotometry, were LEEQQQTEDEQQDQL [molecular weight (MW): 1860...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Cyndia A González-Arias, Sonia Marín, Aurora E García-Rojas, Vicente Sanchis, Antonio J Ramos
Ochatoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins based on its toxicity. The oral route is the main gateway of entry of OTA into the human body, and specialized epithelial cells constitute the first barrier. The present study investigated the in vitro cytotoxic effect of OTA (5, 15 and 45 μM) and production of OTA metabolities in Caco-2 and HepG2 cells using a co-culture Transwell System to mimic the passage through the intestinal epithelium and hepatic metabolism. The results derived from MTS cell viability assays and transepithelial electrical resistance measurements showed that OTA was slightly cytotoxic at the lowest concentration at 3 h, but significant toxicity was observed at all concentrations at 24 h...
September 6, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Jiaqian Pan, Shuangmei Tong, Jing Tang
A pyrazolopyridine HBSC11 was previously identified as a novel inhibitor of human La protein with anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of HBV inhibition by HBSC11 remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the regulation of microRNA (miRNA) by HBSC11 in HBV-transformed human hepatoma HepG2.2.15 cells using microarray and quantitative real-time PCR. Target genes of the differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted and subjected to bioinformatics analysis. Results showed that HBSC11 significantly upregulated the expression of miR-3912-5p, miR-6793-5p, and miR-7159-5p in HepG2...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Xiuhan Guo, Liu Wang, Shisheng Wang, Yueqing Li, Lei Cao, Rui Cai, Weijie Zhao
In order to increase the photodynamic effect of Chlorin e6, four Chlorin e6-artesunate conjugates were designed and synthesized. Among them, three conjugates (3, 6, 9) contained single artesunate side chain at 15(2), 17(3) and 13(1) of Chlorin e6, respectively, and one conjugate (11) contained three artesunate side chains. In the in vitro evaluation of photodynamic effect, the four conjugates showed more potent phototoxicity against HepG2 cells than Chlorin e6. The introduction of artesunate side chain significantly increased the intracellular ROS production, although the production of singlet oxygen was not improved...
August 30, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Bingchen Ouyang, Fang Zhou, Le Zhen, Ying Peng, Jianguo Sun, Qianying Chen, Xiaoliang Jin, Guangji Wang, Jingwei Zhang
Tenofovir (TFV), a first-line anti-viral agent, has been prepared as various forms of prodrugs for better bioavailability, lower systemic exposure and higher target cells loading of TFV to enhance efficacy and reduce toxicity. TFV undergoes intracellular phosphorylation to form TFV diphosphate (TFV-DP) in target cell to inhibit viral DNA replication. Hence, TFV-DP is the key active metabolite that exhibits anti-virus activity, its intracellular exposure and half-life determine the final activity. Therefore, simultaneous monitoring prodrug, TFV and TFV-DP in target cells will comprehensively evaluate TFV prodrugs, both considering the stability of ester prodrug, and the intracellular exposure of TFV-DP...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Nguyen Huu Tung, Takuhiro Uto, Nguyen Thanh Hai, Gang Li, Yukihiro Shoyama
BACKGROUND: The roots of Eurycoma longifolia Jack have traditionally been used as an aphrodisiac tonic besides the other remedies for boils, fever, bleeding gums, and wound ulcer. Recently, the antiproliferative activity of E. longifolia has been reported and remained attractive to natural chemists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to study on antiproliferative compounds from the root of E. longifolia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Column chromatography was used to separate individual compounds, spectroscopic data including nuclear magnetic resonances and mass spectrometry were analyzed to determine the chemical structure of the isolates and for biological testing, antiproliferative activity of compounds was tested on seven human cancer cell lines (KATO III, HCT-15, Colo205, HepG2, PC-3, Jurkat, HL-60) by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
Yan Chong, Jin Chang, Wenwen Zhao, Yong He, Yuqiao Li, Huabei Zhang, Chuanmin Qi
Four novel F-18 labeled quinazoline derivatives with low lipophilicity, [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazoline ([(18) F]I), [(18) F]4-(3-((4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)oxy)propyl)morpholine ([(18) F]II), [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-7-methoxy-6-(2-methoxyethoxy)quinazoline ([(18) F]III) and [(18) F]4-(2-fluoroethoxy)-6,7-bis(2-methoxyethoxy)quinazoline ([(18) F]IV), were synthesized via a two-step radiosynthesis procedure with an overall radiochemical yield of 10-38% (without decay correction) and radiochemical purities of > 98%...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals
Shiyong Hao, Yan Wang, Guosheng Gao, Zhishan Li
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection induces immune-mediated inflammatory responses. The C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory marker that is synthesized by the liver. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of HBV infection on the expression of CRP and its clinical significance. A reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis was employed to examine the expression of CRP mRNA in the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines HepG2 and HepG2.2.15. A fully automatic biochemical analyzer was used to examine the serum levels of CRP in patients with chronic HBV infections and in healthy controls...
August 2017: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Guoyun Li, Wei Zhang, Li Gong, Xiaoping Huang
MicroRNAs, a class of endogenous non-coding RNAs, regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level, thus taking part in multiple biological processed. Increasing miRNAs are found to be dysregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and are involved in liver tumorigenesis. In this study, miR-125a-5p was found to obviously downregulate much more in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related HCC. To investigate the effects of miR-125a-5p, miR-125a-5p was overexpressed in HepG2.2.15 and HepG3X cells, respectively. The findings have indicated that overexpression of miR-125a-5p dramatically inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis...
August 11, 2017: Oncology Research
F F Liu, G H Lou, Y N Liu, H H Zhu, Z Chen
Objective: To establish a screening system for anti-metastatic small-molecule compounds based on perinucleolar compartment (PNC) prevalence in liver cancer cells and to investigate its validity. Methods: Polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) monoclonal antibody was used to measure the PNC prevalence in HepG2, HepG2M, and Huh7 cells, and wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to analyze the migration and invasion abilities of hepatoma cells. HepG2M cells were used as the model for the screening of anti-metastatic small-molecule compounds, and after the treatment with the compounds A1, A4, and E696, qPCR was used to measure the expression of metastasis-related miRNAs (miR-141 and miR-200c)...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Jun Yasumoto, Hirotake Kasai, Kentaro Yoshimura, Teruhime Otoguro, Koichi Watashi, Takaji Wakita, Atsuya Yamashita, Tomohisa Tanaka, Sen Takeda, Kohji Moriishi
The relationship between hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and lipid accumulation remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of HBV propagation on lipid droplet growth in HBV-infected cells and HBV-producing cell lines, HepG2.2.15 and HBV-inducible Hep38.7-Tet. The amount of intracellular triglycerides was significantly reduced in HBV-infected and HBV-producing cells compared with HBV-lacking control cells. Electron and immunofluorescent microscopic analyses showed that the average size of a single lipid droplet (LD) was significantly less in the HBV-infected and HBV-producing cells than in the HBV-lacking control cells...
July 2017: Journal of General Virology
Michael J Haas, Luisa Onstead-Haas, William Kurban, Harshit Shah, Monica Plazarte, Ayham Chamseddin, Arshag D Mooradian
Apolipoprotein A-I (apo A-I) is the primary antiatherogenic protein in high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Despite the controversy as to the clinical effectiveness of raising HDL, the search is ongoing for safe and effective drugs that increase HDL and apo A-I levels. To identify novel compounds that can increase hepatic apo A-I production, two drug libraries were screened. The NIH clinical collection (NCC) and the NIH clinical collection 2 (NCC2) were purchased from Evotec (San Francisco, CA). The NCC library contains 446 compounds and the NCC2 library contains 281 compounds, all dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide at a concentration of 10 mM...
July 25, 2017: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Hong-Jie Wu, Ya Zhuo, Yan-Cai Zhou, Xin-Wei Wang, Yan-Ping Wang, Chang-Yun Si, Xin-Hong Wang
AIM: To investigate the functional role and underlying molecular mechanism of miR-29a in hepatitis B virus (HBV) expression and replication. METHODS: The levels of miR-29a and SMARCE1 in HBV-infected HepG2.2.15 cells were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot analysis. HBV DNA replication was measured by quantitative PCR and Southern blot analysis. The relative levels of hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis B e antigen were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
July 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yajun Gong, Jie Zhang, Fei Gao, Jiewen Zhou, Zhinan Xiang, Chenggao Zhou, Luosheng Wan, Jiachun Chen
Structures and in vitro hypoglycemic activities of polysaccharides from different species of Maidong were studied. The primary structures of polysaccharides were elucidated on the basis of GC, GC-MS, infrared, NMR and periodate oxidation-Smith degradation. Liriope spicata polysaccharide (LSP), Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharide (OJP) and Liriope muscari polysaccharide (LMP) were composed of β-fructose and α-glucose. The average molecular weights of LSP, OJP and LMP were 4742, 4925 and 4138Da with polydispersity indexes of 1...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Beibei Ren, Chun Chen, Chao Li, Xiong Fu, Lijun You, Rui Hai Liu
In the present work, optimization of microwave-assisted extraction of polysaccharides from Sargassum thunbergii was investigated. The physicochemical properties, structural characteristics, and in vitro antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities were determined. The optimal extraction conditions with a yield of 2.84±0.09% for extraction of polysaccharides (STP-1) were extraction time 23min, microwave power 547W, extraction temperature 80°C, and the ratio of raw material to water 1:27g/mL. STP-1 contained 32...
October 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Haixue Kuang, Zhenqiu Tang, Chengyue Zhang, Zhibin Wang, Wenji Li, Chunjuan Yang, Qiuhong Wang, Bingyou Yang, Ah-Ng Kong
Nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a vital transcription factor that regulates the anti-oxidative defense system. Previous reports suggested that the expression of the Nrf2 gene can be regulated by epigenetic modifications. The potential epigenetic effect of taxifolin (TAX), a potent cancer chemopreventive agent, in skin cancer chemoprotection is unknown. In this study, we investigated how Nrf2 is epigenetically regulated by TAX in JB6 P+ cells. TAX was found to inhibit the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced colony formation of JB6 P+ cells...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Sujeong Yeom, Soo Shin Kim, Hyerin Jeong, Kyung Lib Jang
The seven in absentia homologue 1 (Siah-1) protein is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that induces ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation of HBx, the principal regulatory protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV); however, its role in HBV propagation remains unknown. Here, we found that HBx upregulates Siah-1 levels in HepG2 but not in Hep3B cells, in which p53 is absent. For this effect, HBx sequentially activated ataxia telangiectasia mutated kinase and checkpoint kinase 2 via phosphorylation at the Ser-1981 and Thr-68 residues, respectively, which led to the activation of p53 via phosphorylation at the Ser-15 and Ser-20 residues...
July 2017: Journal of General Virology
Jing Cai, Tiande Liu, Xiaoliu Jiang, Changkuo Guo, Anwen Liu, Xinlan Xiao
Ubiquitin-specific peptidase 18 (USP18) is closely related with hepatitis B virus (HBV), which has been involved in tumourigenesis. However, there has been little research into the role of USP18 on the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially in HBV-related HCC. In present study, we found that USP18 expression was aberrantly elevated in HCC tissues than adjacent non-tumour tissues. Importantly, USP18 expression was higher in HBV-related HCC cell lines (HepG2.2.15 and Hep3B) than HBV-unrelated HCC cell lines...
July 12, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
Rijuta G Saratale, Giovanni Benelli, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Dong Su Kim, Ganesh D Saratale
In recent years, the use of nanoparticle-based antimicrobials has been increased due to many advantages over conventional agrochemicals. This study investigates the utilization of common medicinal plant dandelion, Taraxacum officinale, for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (TOL-AgNPs). AgNPs were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against two important phytopathogens, Xanthomonas axonopodis and Pseudomonas syringae. The morphology, size, and structure of TOL-AgNPs were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Kaitao Zhao, Chunchen Wu, Yongxuan Yao, Liang Cao, Zhenhua Zhang, Yifei Yuan, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Jizheng Chen, Xue Hu, Yuan Zhou, Mengji Lu, Xinwen Chen
Ceruloplasmin (CP) is mainly synthesized by hepatocytes and plays an essential role in iron metabolism. Previous reports have shown that CP levels correlate negatively with disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B. However, the function of CP in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) life cycle and the mechanism underlying the above correlation remain unclear. Here, we report that CP can selectively inhibit the production of extracellular HBV virions without altering intracellular viral replication. HBV expression can also downregulate the expression of CP...
June 2017: Journal of General Virology
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