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Dermatology skin diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547523/cutaneous-manifestations-of-medium-and-large-vessel-vasculitis
#1
REVIEW
Francois Chasset, Camille Francès
Dermatologic manifestations are observed in almost all systemic vasculitides, even in large-and medium-vessel vasculitides, although such vessels are not found in the skin. Cutaneous manifestations may be related to a direct skin localization of the systemic vasculitis or a non-specific process associated with the vasculitis. According to the 2012 International Chapel Hill consensus, the two major variants of large-vessel vasculitides are Takayasu arteritis and giant-cell arteritis. In Europe and North America, acute inflammatory nodules or erythema nodosum-like lesions are the most commonly observed skin lesions with Takayasu arteritis...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546822/commercial-essential-oils-as-potential-antimicrobials-to-treat-skin-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Ané Orchard, Sandy van Vuuren
Essential oils are one of the most notorious natural products used for medical purposes. Combined with their popular use in dermatology, their availability, and the development of antimicrobial resistance, commercial essential oils are often an option for therapy. At least 90 essential oils can be identified as being recommended for dermatological use, with at least 1500 combinations. This review explores the fundamental knowledge available on the antimicrobial properties against pathogens responsible for dermatological infections and compares the scientific evidence to what is recommended for use in common layman's literature...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543922/molluscum-contagiosum-of-the-gluteal-cleft-observations-and-implications-for-management-in-five-children
#3
Joshua R Bakke, Sarah L Stein
Molluscum contagiosum (MC) is a common, self-limited skin infection caused by a double-stranded DNA virus of the family Poxviridae. Although the morphology of the disease is well described, MC presenting at unusual sites can exhibit atypical morphology, resulting in misdiagnosis. This observational, retrospective case series discusses the novel morphology of MC presenting in the intergluteal cleft of five children seen in the outpatient dermatology clinic of an academic medical center. We present this case series to highlight this novel presentation of MC in children and to emphasize a conservative approach to management given the sensitive location and the self-limited nature of the infection...
May 25, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541881/paget-disease-of-the-male-breast
#4
S Lopes, J Vide, E Moreira, J Pinheiro, F Azevedo
Paget disease of the breast is an uncommon tumor of the nipple-areola complex that usually presents as an erythematous and erosive lesion. We report the case of a 61-year-old man that presented with a three-year history of an erythematous lesion of the right areola, first treated with topical corticosteroids without benefit. He was then referred to our dermatology department and the clinical suspicion of Paget disease was considered. The diagnosis was later confirmed by biopsy. This case report highlights the importance of clinical recognition of this entity along with other diseases that mimic these skin changes in order to allow earlier diagnosis and proper follow-up...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541870/palmoplantar-pustulosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-in-germany
#5
Dagmar Wilsmann-Theis, Arnd Jacobi, Yvonne Frambach, Sandra Philipp, Ansgar Weyergraf, Tillmann Schill, Kirsten Steinz, Sascha Gerdes, Rotraut Mössner
BACKGROUND: Palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a recalcitrant chronic inflammatory skin disease. Data relevant for the medical care of patients with PPP are scarce. Thus, the aim of this work was to investigate the disease burden, clinical characteristics, and comorbidity of PPP patients in Germany. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PPP patients were examined in a crosssectional study at seven specialized psoriasis centers in Germany. RESULTS: Of the 172 included patients with PPP, 79...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540905/tuberous-sclerosis-complex-bourneville-pringle-disease-in-a-25-year-old-female-with-bilateral-renal-angiomyolipoma-and-secondary-hypertension
#6
Sahar El Aoud, Faten Frikha, Mouna Snoussi, Raida Ben Salah, Zouhir Bahloul
Tuberous sclerosis or tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurocutaneous disorder that variably affects the brain, skin, kidneys, heart, and other organs. It is characterized by skin and renal lesions in addition to central and peripheral nervous system tumors, with neurological and psychiatric findings. We report such a rare case of tuberous sclerosis in a 25-year-old female who presented with abdominal pain and hypertension. Physical examination showed dermatological signs that included hypopigmented maculae, shagreen plaque, angiofibromas on the centrofacial areas, periungual fibromas on toes, and molluscum pendulum around the neck...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540752/herpes-zoster-typical-and-atypical-presentations
#7
Roy Rafael Dayan, Roni Peleg
Varicella- zoster virus infection is an intriguing medical entity that involves many medical specialties including infectious diseases, immunology, dermatology, and neurology. It can affect patients from early childhood to old age. Its treatment requires expertise in pain management and psychological support. While varicella is caused by acute viremia, herpes zoster occurs after the dormant viral infection, involving the cranial nerve or sensory root ganglia, is re-activated and spreads orthodromically from the ganglion, via the sensory nerve root, to the innervated target tissue (skin, cornea, auditory canal, etc...
May 25, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538883/refining-the-ideas-of-ethnic-skin
#8
Vicente Torres, Maria Isabel Herane, Adilson Costa, Jaime Piquero Martin, Patricia Troielli
Skin disease occur worldwide, affecting people of all nationalities and all skin types. These diseases may have a genetic component and may manifest differently in specific population groups; however, there has been little study on this aspect. If population-based differences exist, it is reasonable to assume that understanding these differences may optimize treatment. While there is a relative paucity of information about similarities and differences in skin diseases around the world, the knowledge-base is expanding...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538747/a-retrospective-review-of-light-and-laser-based-management-of-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#9
Melissa A Levoska, Cynthia L Nicholson, Iltefat H Hamzavi
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease that is difficult to manage and often refractory to medical management. Light and laser therapies have been utilized in the field of dermatology to treat a variety of skin conditions, but more recently were studied in the management of HS. Usually performed as outpatient procedures with a low risk of complications, they offer several advantages to traditional cold knife surgical procedures. We reviewed the various light- and laser-based treatments studied in HS and compared their efficacy...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538745/topical-management-and-wound-care-approaches-for-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#10
Camila Antia, Afsaneh Alavi, Ali Alikhan
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the follicular unit in apocrine glandbearing skin, resulting in deep-seated nodules, sinus tracts, abscesses, and ultimately scarring. HS is a highly distressing condition, and has one of the highest impacts on quality of life compared to other dermatologic diseases. Various topical therapies have been described that may be used alone or in conjunction with systemic or physical modalities for HS. Additionally, proper wound care is essential to the successful management of HS, particularly given the suppurative nature of the disease...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537860/global-skin-diseases-on-instagram-hashtags
#11
Taylor Braunberger, Jessica Mounessa, Kyle Rudningen, Cory A Dunnick, Robert P Dellavalle
Recently named one of the most influential phone applications, Instagram continues to grow in popularity [1]. Instagram consists of images and video posts, making it ideal for education and communication within the visual field of dermatology. In this study, we seek to determine the presence of dermatology-related content with regard to the most common cutaneous diseases of the world. We searched the account types and hashtags associated with the eight most common skin diseases globally as identified by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study by Hollenstein et al...
May 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536733/minimally-invasive-sampling-of-interleukin-1-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-from-the-skin-a-systematic-review-of-in-vivo-studies-in-humans
#12
Denise Falcone, Pieter Spee, Peter C M van de Kerkhof, Piet E J van Erp
Interleukin-1α (IL-1α) and its receptor antagonist IL-1RA play a pivotal role in skin homeostasis and disease. Although the use of biopsies to sample these cytokines from human skin is widely employed in dermatological practice, knowledge about less invasive, in vivo sampling methods is scarce. The aim of this study was to provide an overview of such methods by systematically reviewing studies in Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library using combinations of the terms "IL-1α", IL-1RA", "skin", "human", including all possible synonyms...
May 24, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533848/dermatology-in-ghana-a-retrospective-review-of-skin-disease-at-the-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-dermatology-clinic
#13
Brooke E Rosenbaum, Rebecca Klein, Paa Gyasi Hagan, Mark-Young Seadey, Naa Larteley Quarcoo, Rachel Hoffmann, Maria Robinson, Margaret Lartey, Marie C Leger
INTRODUCTION: Ghana is currently developing its provision of dermatology services. Epidemiologic studies of the skin diseases seen by Ghanaian dermatologists are needed to guide these efforts. We aimed to describe the skin conditions seen by and management practices of Ghanaian dermatologists in a specialized clinic. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of new patients presenting to the Korle Bu Teaching Hospital dermatology clinic during 2014. RESULTS: Among the 529 patients studied, 700 discrete diagnoses were made...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532589/erosive-pustular-dermatosis-of-the-leg-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-of-36-cases
#14
P Nicol, G Perceau, C Barbe, P Bernard
BACKGROUND: Erosive pustular dermatosis of the leg (EPDL) is a poorly understood entity first described by Lanigan and Cotteril in 1987. Its clinical diagnosis is based on exclusion since the physiopathology is unknown. The primary objective of this investigation was to specify the clinical aspects and outcomes in a prospective study. The secondary objectives were to describe associated diseases, the circumstances of occurrence, and the laboratory tests used. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study that included 45 patients selected by members of the Angiology-Dermatology Group of the SFD (French Dermatology Society) at 13 centres between 01/09/2013 and 31/10/2014...
May 19, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530054/-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-treatment-of-atopic-dermatitis
#15
Orit Schachter, David Perla, Shoshana Greenberger, Aviv Barzilai, Sharon Baum
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease, affecting up to 15-30% of children in industrialized countries. As there is no definitive cure for atopic dermatitis, patients often seek other complementary therapeutic options, such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). TCM comprises numerous treatment modalities for the management of atopic dermatitis including acupuncture and herbal medicine. We report a case of a two and a half year old child with atopic dermatitis exacerbation treated successfully with TCM...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528616/secondary-skin-plasmacytomas
#16
Pedro Mendes-Bastos, Susana Brás, Cristina Amaro, Jorge Cardoso
A 78-year old man was diagnosed in 2006 with IgAκ multiple myeloma (MM) (stage III-A). The patient was referred to our dermatology department in 2012 for evaluation of erythematous skin nodules on the anterior right aspect of the thorax; the skin lesions were noted during hospitalization for multiple bone fractures. He was on fourth-line chemotherapy (with vincristine/adriamycin/dexamethasone) because of constant disease progression. The patient was unaware of the skin lesions' evolution over time and did not recall when they had first appeared...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524065/microrna-in-skin-diseases
#17
Tatiana G Ruksha, Anna V Komina, Nadezhda V Palkina
MicroRNAs are essential regulators of various cellular processes such as cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and the immune response, acting as factors for translational repression and/or degradation of target messenger RNA. Currently, microRNAs are considered as promising biomarkers and therapeutic targets for different pathological conditions. Skin may serve as a convenient model for microRNA modulation studies due to the comparatively easy access to targets cells. Cutaneous diseases are characterized by multiple intercellular communication pathways, triggered by diverse stimuli and mediated by heterogenous regulators, including microRNAs...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521835/adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-presenting-initially-with-acquired-acrodermatitis-enteropathica-a-case-report
#18
Erina Lie, Sarah Sung, Steven Hoseong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency most commonly seen as an inherited disease in infants. In the last decade, increased number of reports have been published on the acquired form that presents in adulthood. Unlike its inherited counterpart, acquired AE (AAE) is often secondary to underlying pathologic or iatrogenic etiologies that interfere with nutritional absorption, such as inflammatory bowel disease or alcoholism. Various gastrointestinal pathologies have been associated with AAE, but there is currently no report on its association with adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE), a rare gastrointestinal disorder commonly seen in infants, with limited cases reported in adults...
May 18, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516493/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-dermatophytosis-in-dogs-and-cats-clinical-consensus-guidelines-of-the-world-association-for-veterinary-dermatology
#19
REVIEW
Karen A Moriello, Kimberly Coyner, Susan Paterson, Bernard Mignon
BACKGROUND: Dermatophytosis is a superficial fungal skin disease of cats and dogs. The most common pathogens of small animals belong to the genera Microsporum and Trichophyton. It is an important skin disease because it is contagious, infectious and can be transmitted to people. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this document is to review the existing literature and provide consensus recommendations for veterinary clinicians and lay people on the diagnosis and treatment of dermatophytosis in cats and dogs...
June 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516492/telemedicine-in-dermatology-findings-and-experiences-worldwide-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
L Eissing, A Trettel, M Augustin
Telemedicine has become an important element of health care in many countries and profited from the technological progress of the last two decades. Due to the visual character of the dermatological specialty, teledermatology in particular participated in that development and is becoming a major tool in dermatological consultation. The objective of this article was to identify the use of teledermatology across the world based on published original articles. A systematic literature search of the Medline and Embase databases for eligible publications (predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria) and a cross-validation search were conducted...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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