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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131374/social-capital-s-role-in-recovery-evidence-from-communities-affected-by-the-2010-pakistan-floods
#1
Muhammad Siddique Akbar, Daniel P Aldrich
Pakistan suffered large-scale flooding in summer 2010 that caused damage amounting to approximately USD 43 billion, claimed the lives of at least 1,700 people, and negatively affected some 20 million others. Observers have debated the degree to which social capital plays a role in recovery after a catastrophe of this magnitude. Using new survey data on 450 residents impacted by the disaster, this study found that, controlling for various confounding factors, the social capital levels of victims serve as robust correlates of life recovery...
November 13, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#2
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125952/getting-to-the-core-of-medicine-developing-undergraduate-forensic-medicine-and-pathology-teaching
#3
Richard Martin Jones
Teaching and learning of forensic medicine and pathology in the undergraduate medical curriculum has been in decline for decades in the UK, and yet graduates are expected to be able to recognise, and protect, those who are most vulnerable in society - i.e. at risk of abuse or neglect - a matter highly relevant to the role of the forensic medical practitioner. When Cardiff University School of Medicine created a new 'learner-centred' undergraduate curriculum, championing case-based discussion in small groups, and earlier clinical contact, residual teaching on 'the pathology of trauma' disappeared...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123837/effectiveness-of-cadaver-based-educational-seminar-for-trauma-surgery-skills-retention-after-half-year-follow-up
#4
Hiroshi Homma, Jun Oda, Tetsuo Yukioka, Shogo Hayashi, Tomoya Suzuki, Kentaro Kawai, Katsuhiro Nagata, Hidefumi Sano, Hiroshi Takyu, Norio Sato, Hirokazu Taguchi, Kazuki Mashiko, Takeo Azuhata, Masayuki Ito, Tomomi Fukuhara, Yo Kurashima, Shinichi Kawata, Masahiro Itoh
Aim: In Japan, trauma surgery training remains insufficient, and on-the-job training has become increasingly difficult because of the decreasing number of severe trauma patients and the development of non-operative management. Therefore, we assessed whether a 1-day cadaver-based seminar is effective for trauma surgery training. Methods: Data were collected from 11 seminars carried out from January 2013 to March 2014, including a 10-point self-assessment of confidence levels (SACL) for 21 surgical skills and an evaluation of the contents before, just after, and a half-year after the seminar...
January 2017: Acute Medicine & Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#5
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114633/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#6
P Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
Purpose  A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112905/determinants-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
N A Gray, A Dhana, L Van Der Vyver, J Van Wyk, N P Khumalo, D J Stein
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known contribute to hair cortisol concentration (HCC) in adults. However, there is less research on determinants of HCC in children and adolescents. HCC is a valuable tool for medical research pertaining to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This review aims to assess the extent to which established determinants of HCC in adults have been consistently reported in children (birth - 18 years) and to identify determinants of HCC specific to this age group...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103789/an-in-situ-simulation-based-educational-outreach-project-for-pediatric-trauma-care-in-a-rural-trauma-system
#8
Lilly Bayouth, Sarah Ashley, Jackie Brady, Bryan Lake, Morgan Keeter, David Schiller, Walter C Robey, Stephen Charles, Kari M Beasley, Eric A Toschlog, Shannon W Longshore
BACKGROUND: Outcome disparities between urban and rural pediatric trauma patients persist, despite regionalization of trauma systems. Rural patients are initially transported to the nearest emergency department (ED), where pediatric care is infrequent. We aim to identify educational intervention targets and increase provider experience via pediatric trauma simulation. METHODS: Prospective study of simulation-based pediatric trauma resuscitation was performed at three community EDs...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102835/the-differential-association-between-history-of-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-body-mass-index-in-early-and-late-stages-of-bipolar-disorder
#9
Emilie Leclerc, Rodrigo B Mansur, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira, Quirino Cordeiro, Flavio Kapczinski, Roger S McIntyre, Elisa Brietzke
BACKGROUND: History of distal stressors such as childhood trauma is a well-established, non-specific vulnerability factor for multiple mental illnesses. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible association between history of childhood trauma and body mass index (BMI) in individuals in early and late stages of bipolar disorder (BD) and to verify is there was any difference in the association of sexual abuse history and obesity in early versus late stages of BD. METHODS: Seventy-one euthymic BD-type I patients and eighty-one healthy controls were evaluated using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and body mass index (BMI)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100919/identifying-nontechnical-skill-deficits-in-trainees-through-interdisciplinary-trauma-simulation
#10
Sarah Sullivan, Krystle Campbell, Joshua C Ross, Ryan Thompson, Alyson Underwood, Anne LeGare, Ingie Osman, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate nontechnical skills in a simulated trauma setting both before and after a debriefing session in order to better understand areas to target for the development of educational interventions. DESIGN: Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare scores on the 5 domains of the T-NOTECHS pre- and postdebriefings. A qualitative analysis using the PEARLS debriefing framework was performed to provide a rich description of the strategies used by the debriefing facilitators...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100897/multiple-deprivation-vision-loss-and-ophthalmic-disease-in-adults-global-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
M Lane, V Lane, J Abbott, T Braithwaite, P Shah, A K Denniston
The association between socio-economic position and morbidity and mortality has long been recognised. We evaluate the evidence for an association between multiple aspects of deprivation and ocular health in a global context. This is a systematic review of studies that evaluated deprivation in the adult population in the context of the major acquired causes of visual loss such as cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and ocular trauma. The search strategy identified relevant studies reported between 1946 to August 2016, with randomized control trials, case control, cohort and cross-sectional study designs being selected for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099889/information-on-orthopedic-trauma-fellowships-online-accessibility-and-content
#12
Richard M Hinds, John T Capo, Kenneth A Egol
The internet is a popular resource for orthopedic fellowship applicants. We conducted a study to assess the accessibility of orthopedic trauma fellowship (OTF) program websites and to evaluate the content on the sites. We queried the online database of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA) and the online Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database (FREIDA) to assess available OTF program links. We used Google to assess how accessible the sites are from outside the databases. We then analyzed accessible sites for content pertinent to OTF applicants...
September 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096591/comparison-between-flipped-classroom-and-lecture-based-classroom-in-ophthalmology-clerkship
#13
Fen Tang, Chuan Chen, Yi Zhu, Chengguo Zuo, Yimin Zhong, Nan Wang, Lijun Zhou, Yuxian Zou, Dan Liang
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the flipped classroom method of teaching has received much attention in health sciences education. However, the application of flipped classrooms in ophthalmology education has not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and acceptability of the flipped classroom approach to teaching ophthalmology at the clerkship level. DESIGN: Ninety-five fourth year medical students in an ophthalmology clerkship were randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096418/correlates-of-post-traumatic-growth-following-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jasmin K Turner, Amanda Hutchinson, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic growth is defined as positive change resulting from the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances or trauma [1]. A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care...
November 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095744/quality-improvement-foley-project-to-reduce-catheter-related-trauma-in-a-large-community-hospital
#15
Chirag Dave, Kassem Faraj, Paras Vakharia, Judy Boura, Jay Hollander
Indwelling catheter placement is a modifiable risk factor for urethral trauma. We implemented a multidisciplinary Foley Project protocol in June 2015, which consisted of a system-wide catheter education program, difficult urinary catheterization (DUC) algorithm, and skilled catheter nursing team to improve patient outcomes. A retrospective review of male DUC consults between June 2014 and September 2015 was performed. The preprotocol group includes consults received from June 2014 to May 2015. The postprotocol group includes consults received from June 2015 to September 2015...
October 26, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093828/exposure-to-violence-and-mental-health-of-adolescents-south-african-health-and-well-being-study
#16
Stephen A Stansfeld, Catherine Rothon, Jayati Das-Munshi, Cathy Mathews, Arlene Adams, Charlotte Clark, Crick Lund
Background: Material and social environmental stressors affect mental health in adolescence. Protective factors such as social support from family and friends may help to buffer the effects of adversity. Aims: The association of violence exposure and emotional disorders was examined in Cape Town adolescents. Method: A total of 1034 Grade 8 high school students participated from seven government co-educational schools in Cape Town, South Africa...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090361/long-term-disabilities-after-traumatic-head-injury-thi-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-large-level-i-trauma-center-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Suliman Alghnam, Alaa AlSayyari, Ibrahim Albabtain, Bader Aldebasi, Mohamed Alkelya
BACKGROUND: Traumatic head injuries (THI) are a critical public health problem worldwide, with more than 10 million individuals affected every year. In Saudi Arabia (SA), the burden of THI is unknown even though injury is the leading cause of death and a major cause of disability. Therefore, we aim to estimate the prevalence of long-term of disabilities among survivors of THI treated at a large level-I trauma center in Riyadh. METHODS: The study included 258 patients, who were hospitalized due to a non-fatal THI between years 2005-2014...
November 1, 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089738/spectrum-of-eye-disorders-seen-in-a-pediatric-eye-clinic-south-east-nigeria
#18
Eberechukwu O Achigbu, Ngozi C Oguego, Kingsley Achigbu
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine the prevalence, pattern, and time of presentation for the ocular disorders seen among children attending a pediatric eye clinic in Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all first-time patients at a pediatric eye clinic, within 2005-2007 was carried out. Data on cohort demographics, duration of illness before the presentation, and types of ocular disorders were collected and analyzed. Statistical significance was indicated by P < 0...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082055/quadriceps-tendon-rupture-in-an-adolescent-athlete
#19
William A Zuke, Beatrice Go, Alexander E Weber, Brian Forsythe
Quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that usually occurs in middle-aged and elderly men with a history of chronic illnesses. We report the case of a 17-year-old healthy adolescent male baseball player who sustained this injury as a result of sudden deceleration in his left knee. He initially reported to the emergency department and then presented to our practice, where he was diagnosed with a quadriceps tendon tear. Preoperatively, he was unable to perform a single straight-leg raise. During surgical repair, the free edge of the quadriceps tendon was mobilized and anchored into the superior pole of the patella, followed by sutures to ensure reinforcement of the quadriceps footprint...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082026/prevalence-of-anxiety-depression-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-kashmir-valley
#20
Tambri Housen, Annick Lenglet, Cono Ariti, Showkat Shah, Helal Shah, Shabnum Ara, Kerri Viney, Simon Janes, Giovanni Pintaldi
BACKGROUND: Following the partition of India in 1947, the Kashmir Valley has been subject to continual political insecurity and ongoing conflict, the region remains highly militarised. We conducted a representative cross-sectional population-based survey of adults to estimate the prevalence and predictors of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the 10 districts of the Kashmir Valley. METHODS: Between October and December 2015, we interviewed 5519 out of 5600 invited participants, ≥18 years of age, randomly sampled using a probability proportional to size cluster sampling design...
2017: BMJ Global Health
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