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hcl poisoning

Stephen F Butler, Emily C McNaughton, Ryan A Black, Theresa A Cassidy
OBJECTIVE: Formulating prescription opioids to limit abuse remains a priority. OROS® extended-release (ER) hydromorphone HCl (EXALGO®) may have low abuse potential. Three post-marketing studies of the relative abuse liability of OROS hydromorphone ER were conducted. METHODS: Estimates of abuse, unadjusted and adjusted for prescription volume, were generated for OROS hydromorphone ER and comparators from Q2 2010 through Q2 2014 for a high-risk, substance abuse treatment population and the general population using poison control center data...
January 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Davide Papurello, Andrea Lanzini
Biogas from biological treatments and from the waste degradation in landfills generally contains a wide range of trace impurities (e.g., sulphur compounds, siloxanes, halogens, tar compounds, etc.). This paper describes an experimental analysis performed with SOFC single cells fed by a synthetic gas polluted by H2S, HCl, D4 and a mixture of H2S + C2Cl4. The aim is to detect the threshold tolerance limit on different cell performance parameters. Results show how: hydrogen sulphide has a strong impact on the polarization losses due to the nickel sulphide formation on the electrode that causes a mass transfer resistance...
November 17, 2017: Waste Management
Jingkun Li, Qingying Jia, Shraboni Ghoshal, Wentao Liang, Sanjeev Mukerjee
Anion immunity toward the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) has tremendous implications in electrocatalysis with applications for fuel cells, metal-air batteries, and oxygen depolarized cathodes (ODCs) in the anodic evolution of chlorine. The necessity of exploring ORR catalysts with immunity to anion adsorption is particularly significant considering that platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts are costly and highly vulnerable to impurities such as halides. Herein, we report a metal organic framework (MOF)-derived Fe-N-C catalyst that exhibits a dramatically improved half-wave potential of 240 mV compared to the state-of-the-art RhxSy/C catalyst in a rotating disk electrode in the presence of Cl(-)...
May 2, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Peitao Zhao, Tian Li, Weijie Yan, Longji Yuan
Some chemicals were usually utilized in the hydrothermal dechlorination (HTD) of chlorine-containing wastes without revealing their roles. This work intends to investigate the role of chemical additives in the HTD of PVC (polyvinyl chloride). Several chemicals, including Na2CO3, KOH, NaOH, NH3·H2O, CaO and NaHCO3, were added into the PVC HTD process, which was conducted in subcritical Ni(2+)-containing water at 220°C for 30 min. The results show the alkalinity of additives had notable effects on the dechlorination efficiency (DE) of PVC due to the neutralization between HCl and additives...
April 27, 2017: Environmental Technology
L Z Zhou, S Fu, S Q Gao
Objective: To establish a method for determination trace bismuth in blood by atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS) . Methods: 4.0 ml nitric acid and 1.0 ml perchloric acid was added into 1.0 ml blood sample then through automation graphite digestion instrument digested, after that 1.0 ml thiocarbamide-vitamin (10%) was injected, 8% HCl constant volume to 10.0 ml, the bismuth was detected by atomic fluorescence spectrometry with 5.0 ml digestive sample. Results: The method showed a linear relationship within the range of 0...
December 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Mingxiu Zhan, Tong Chen, Xiaoqing Lin, Jianying Fu, Xiaodong Li, Jianhua Yan, Alfons Buekens
Thiourea was selected as representative of combined S- and N-inhibitors and injected after the post-combustion zone of two full-scale municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWIs) using a dedicated feeder. Firstly, the operating conditions were scrutinised by monitoring the concentrations of SO2, NH3 and HCl in the clean flue gas. The suppression experiment showed that in MSWI A thiourea could reduce the total I-TEQ value in flue gas by 73.4% from 1.41ng I-TEQ/Nm(3) to 0.37I-TEQ/Nm(3), those in fly ash by 87.1% from 14...
August 2016: Waste Management
Huazhen Chang, Qingru Wu, Tao Zhang, Mingguan Li, Xiaoxu Sun, Junhua Li, Lei Duan, Jiming Hao
A series of CeMoOx catalysts with different surface Ce/Mo ratios was synthesized by a coprecipitation method via changing precipitation pH value. The surface basicity on selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts (CeMoOx and VMo/Ti) was characterized and correlated to the durability and activity of catalyst for simultaneous elimination of NOx and Hg(0). The pH value in the preparation process affected the surface concentrations of Ce and Mo, the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area, and the acid-base properties over the CeMoOx catalysts...
October 20, 2015: Environmental Science & Technology
Huazhen Chang, Junhua Li, Wenkang Su, Yuankai Shao, Jiming Hao
A novel mechanism is proposed for the poisoning effect of acid gases and N2O formation on SCR catalysts involving base-acid properties correlated with redox ability of M-O or M-OH (M = Ce or V) of metal oxides and the strength of their basicity responsible for resistance to HCl and SO2 at medium and low temperatures.
September 11, 2014: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Shigeru Sato, Yoshinobu Takata, Sunaho Kondo, Akiko Kotoda, Naoto Hongo, Masaaki Kodama
A new ELISA kit to quantitate the level of paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins in crude shellfish extracts was developed. A conjugate for preparing antigen and a novel antibody used in the ELISA was prepared based on the unique reactions between C11-O-sulfate toxins such as gonyautoxins 2 and 3 (GTX2,3) and various thiol compounds, followed by coupling to keyhole limpet hemocyanin. The compounds necessary for competitive ELISA, labeled toxin and an artificial standard toxin to replace saxitoxin in the analysis, were also produced by the same techniques...
March 2014: Journal of AOAC International
Qihua Zhang, Guipeng Yang
The highly toxic methyl-, ethyl- and phenylmercury species that may exist in the three main anatomical parts - the adductor muscle, the mantle and the visceral mass - of bay scallops (Argopecten irradias) were quantitatively released by cupric chloride, zinc acetate, sodium chloride and hydrochloric acid (HCl) under ultrasonic extraction. After centrifugation, the mercury species in the supernatant were concentrated by thio (SH)-bearing chelating resins, eluted with HClO4 and HCl and extracted with toluene...
2014: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
Pengying Wang, Sheng Su, Jun Xiang, Huawei You, Fan Cao, Lushi Sun, Song Hu, Yun Zhang
MnOx-CeO2/γ-Al2O3 (MnCe) selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts prepared by sol-gel method were employed for low-temperature Hg(0) oxidation on a fixed-bed experimental setup. BET, XRD and XPS were used to characterize the catalysts. MnCe catalysts exhibited high Hg(0) oxidation activity at low temperatures (100-250 °C) under the simulated flue gas (O2, CO2, NO, SO2, HCl, H2O and balanced with N2). Only a small decrease in mercury oxidation was observed in the presence of 1200 ppm SO2, which proved that the addition of Ce helped resist SO2 poisoning...
April 2014: Chemosphere
Livio Racané, Sandra Kraljević Pavelić, Raja Nhili, Sabine Depauw, Charles Paul-Constant, Ivana Ratkaj, Marie-Hélène David-Cordonnier, Krešimir Pavelić, Vesna Tralić-Kulenović, Grace Karminski-Zamola
Novel amidino-derivatives of phenylene-bisbenzothiazoles were synthesized and tested for their antiproliferative activity against several human cancer cell lines, as well as DNA-binding properties. The synthetic approach used for preparation of isomeric amidino substituted-phenylene-bis-benzothyazoles 3a-3f was achieved by condensation reaction of isophthaloyl dichloride 1a and terephthaloyl dichloride 1b or with phthalic acid 1c with 5-amidinium-2-aminobenzothiolate 2a and 5-(imidazolinium-2-yl)-2-aminobenzothiolate 2b in good yields...
May 2013: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Ping Ding, Ping Zhuang, Zhi-An Li, Han-Ping Xia, Yi-Ping Tai, Huan-Ping Lu
Taking two kinds of vegetables (Brassica rapa and Amaranthus mangostanus) and one insect species (Prodenia litura) as test materials, a greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to study the transfer characteristics of cadmium (Cd) in soil-vegetable-insect food chain and the distribution patters of different Cd chemical forms in the organs of the two vegetables. With the increasing concentration of applied Cd in soil, the biomass of the two vegetables decreased significantly, while the Cd concentration in the vegetables had a significant increase...
November 2012: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Robert G Hatfield, Andrew D Turner
The bioaccumulation of paralytic shellfish toxins in mussels, oysters, cockles, hard clams, razors, and king scallops is monitored in England, Scotland, and Wales by AOAC Official Method 2005.06 LC-with fluorescence detection (FLD). One of the commonly perceived disadvantages of using this method is the long turnaround time and low throughput in a busy laboratory environment. The chromatographic analysis of each sample typically utilizes a 15 min cycle time to achieve toxin oxidation product separation and column equilibration prior to subsequent analysis...
July 2012: Journal of AOAC International
Vidya Brata Ghosh, Urmila Jhamb, Ritika Singhal, Rajeshwari Krishnan
Clinical profile of children presenting with poisoning to the Pediatric emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi from 8.1.2009 to 8.10.09 was studied prospectively. Fifty two cases of accidental poisoning were reported during this period which formed 1.05 % of all pediatric admissions (5094 admissions). No case of homicidal poisoning was reported. There were 80.7 % children between 1-5 y of age with male preponderance. PICA was observed in 57.7 % children. Overall mortality was 7.7 % and 11...
June 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Andon Chibishev, Zenina Pareska, Vesna Chibisheva, Natasa Simonovska
BACKGROUND: the ingestion of chemical agents, of caustic nature, represents a serious problem for clinical toxicology. If the ingestion doesn't cause death during the acute period, it will most often cause severe side effects in the upper gastrointestinal tract during the chronic phase. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to show the clinical, epidemiological and socio-economical characteristics seen in acute corrosive poisonings such as ingested caustic agents, causes for abuse and most consequential complications...
2012: Medical Archives
Hezhong Tian, Jiajia Gao, Long Lu, Dan Zhao, Ke Cheng, Peipei Qiu
A multiple-year emission inventory of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), including particulate matter (PM), SO(2), NO(x), CO, HCl, As, Cd, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), discharged from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration in China has been established for the period 2003-2010 by using the best available emission factors and annual activity data. Our results show that the total emissions have rapidly amounted to 28,471.1 t of NO(x), 12,062...
September 18, 2012: Environmental Science & Technology
Davood Zare, Kharidah Muhammad, Mohd Hair Bin Bejo, Hasanah Mohd Ghazali
Urocanic acid (UCA) has been reported to be a mast cell degranulator and has also been suggested as a complementary agent in implicated scombroid fish poisoning. In this research, a new method is described to extract, clean up and perform simultaneous ion-pair chromatographic analysis of trans- and cis-urocanic acid (UCA) in fish samples. UCA was extracted using 0.05 M HCl and protein was removed from the extract by precipitation with 10% trisodium citrate and 10% citric acid. The HPLC method that is developed showed a rapid, precise and sensitive method with short retention time for simultaneous separation of UCA isomers in fish samples...
September 21, 2012: Journal of Chromatography. A
Frances M Van Dolah, Spencer E Fire, Tod A Leighfield, Christina M Mikulski, Gregory J Doucette
A collaborative study was conducted on a microplate format receptor binding assay (RBA) for paralytic e shellfish toxins (PST). The assay quantifies the composite PST toxicity in shellfish samples based on the ability of sample extracts to compete with (3)H saxitoxin (STX) diHCl for binding to voltage-gated sodium channels in a rat brain membrane preparation. Quantification of binding can be carried out using either a microplate or traditional scintillation counter; both end points were included in this study...
May 2012: Journal of AOAC International
B Ben-Gigirey, M L Rodríguez-Velasco, A Otero, J M Vieites, A G Cabado
Commission Regulation (EC) N° 2074/2005 recognises the biological method as the reference method for Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning (PSP) toxins detection in molluscs. It was amended by Commission Regulation (EC) N° 1664/2006 that accepted the so-called Lawrence method as an alternative to the reference method. The goal of this study was to compare AOAC Official Methods of Analysis 959.08 (Biological method) and 2005.06 (Prechromatographic Oxidation and Liquid Chromatography with fluorescence detection) in samples with different toxin profiles...
October 2012: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
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