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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944591/the-impact-of-muc5b-gene-on-dental-caries
#1
Tayla Cavallari, Heloísa Salomão, Simone Tetu Moysés, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Renata Iani Werneck
OBJECTIVE: To identify the impact of MUC5B polymorphisms on dental caries. METHODS: A case-control study was performed with patients recruited at Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná. This individuals were aged 12 years old or more. Dental caries was diagnosed using the International Caries Detection and Assessment System and the effects of socioeconomic, dietary, and hygiene factors on dental caries were investigated. Furthermore, buccal cells were collected, and their DNA was extracted and amplified using PCR...
September 25, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944321/effect-of-evacuation-and-displacement-on-the-association-between-flooding-and-mental-health-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-uk-survey-data
#2
Alice Munro, R Sari Kovats, G James Rubin, Thomas David Waite, Angie Bone, Ben Armstrong
BACKGROUND: Extensive flooding occurred during the winter of 2013-14 in England. Previous studies have shown that flooding affects mental health. Using data from the 2013-14 Public Health England National Study of Flooding and Health, we compared the prevalence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder between participants displaced by flooding and those flooded, but not displaced, 1 year after flooding. METHODS: In this multivariable ordinal regression analysis, we collected data from a cross-sectional survey collected 1 year after the flooding event from flood-affected postcodes in five counties in England...
July 2017: The Lancet. Planetary health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944126/oral-hygiene-practices-and-teeth-cleaning-techniques-among-medical-students
#3
Sajida Naseem, Syeda H Fatima, Haider Ghazanfar, Sana Haq, Najeeb A Khan, Moeez Mehmood, Ali Ghazanfar
Objectives Oral health is essential for general health and quality of life. It is a state of being free from mouth and facial pain, oral and throat cancer, oral infections and sores, periodontal disease, tooth decay, tooth loss, and other diseases and disorders that limit an individual's capacity to bite, chew, smile, and speak; it affects psychosocial well-being too. The objective of our study was to assess teeth cleaning techniques and oral hygiene practices among medical students. Methods The data of the study were collected in two stages...
July 18, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944074/an-educational-tool-for-the-prophylaxis-of-hepatic-encephalopathy
#4
Maria Garrido, Matteo Turco, Chiara Formentin, Michela Corrias, Michele De Rui, Sara Montagnese, Piero Amodio
BACKGROUND: Providing structured information for the understanding of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) might be relevant to the prevention and management of the syndrome. The aim of our study was to design a brief, structured educational intervention and evaluate its usefulness in preventing HE-related hospitalisation over time. METHODS: Thirty-nine cirrhotic outpatients with a history of HE were enrolled and randomly assigned to an intervention (group A; n=20) or control group (group B; n=19)...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944053/implementation-of-who-multimodal-strategy-for-improvement-of-hand-hygiene-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-hospital-in-xi-an-china
#5
Li Shen, Xiaoqing Wang, Junming An, Jialu An, Ning Zhou, Lu Sun, Hong Chen, Lin Feng, Jing Han, Xiaorong Liu
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene (HH) is an essential component for preventing and controlling of healthcare-associated infection (HAI), whereas compliance with HH among health care workers (HCWs) is frequently poor. This study aimed to assess compliance and correctness with HH before and after the implementation of a multimodal HH improvement strategy launched by the World Health Organization (WHO). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study design including questionnaire survey generalizing possible factors affecting HH behaviors of HCWs and direct observation method was used to evaluate the effectiveness of WHO multimodal HH strategy in a hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942621/current-status-and-strategies-for-the-control-of-viral-hepatitis-a-in-korea
#6
REVIEW
Eileen L Yoon, Dong Hyun Sinn, Hyun Woong Lee, Ji Hoon Kim
Hepatitis A virus is one of the most frequent causes of foodborne infection, which is closely associated with sanitary conditions and hygienic practices. The clinical spectrum of acute hepatitis A is wide, ranging from mild case without any noticeable symptoms to severe case with acute liver failure leading to mortality. The severity and outcome are highly correlated with age at infection. In developing countries, most people are infected in early childhood without significant symptom. Ironically, in area where sanitary condition has improved rapidly, adults who do not have immunity for viral hepatitis A (VH-A) in early childhood is accumulating...
September 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942528/fast-monitoring-of-tooth-erosion-caused-by-medicaments-used-in-the-treatment-of-respiratory-diseases-by-atr-ftir-and-%C3%AE-edxrf-analysis
#7
Raimundo Nonato Silva Gomes, Tanmoy T Bhattacharjee, Luis Felipe C S Carvalho, Luís Eduardo Silva Soares
The present study aimed to evaluate the erosive potential of four most commonly prescribed syrup medicaments for respiratory diseases. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate statistical analysis and micro-energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (μ-EDXRF) mapping was performed. Fifty-five root dentin fragments obtained from the buccal surface of 30 bovine teeth were prepared and divided into five experimental groups (n = 10): control-artificial saliva (S), acebrofilin hydrochloride (AC), ambroxol hydrochloride (AM), bromhexine hydrochloride (BR), and salbutamol sulfate (SS)...
September 23, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942410/when-all-else-fails-supervised-treatment-in-outpatient-for-schizophrenia-stops
#8
Huey Jing Renee Tan
This was about a case of a patient requiring admission to psychiatry ward twice a year for relapse schizophrenia due to medication non-compliance. Medication adherence was previously monitored by her husband. However, following the death of her husband, she stopped treatment. The lack of insight and poor family support further contributed to her relapse. She presented with positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia during her relapse, neglecting her hygiene and oral intake. She was also found to have anaemia as a result of poor diet when she was in relapse...
September 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940681/long-term-success-of-oral-health-intervention-among-care-dependent-institutionalized-seniors-findings-from-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Franz Sebastian Schwindling, Johannes Krisam, Alexander J Hassel, Peter Rammelsberg, Andreas Zenthöfer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work was to investigate the long-term effectiveness of oral health education of caregivers in nursing homes with care-dependent and cognitively impaired residents. METHODS: Fourteen nursing homes with a total of 269 residents were allocated to a control group, with continued normal care, or to an intervention group. Allocation was performed at nursing home level. In the intervention group, caregivers were given oral health education, and ultrasonic cleaning devices were provided to clean removable prostheses...
September 20, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939582/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-delivered-by-app-instant-messaging-to-increase-the-acceptability-of-effective-contraception-among-young-people-in-tajikistan-study-protocol
#10
Ona McCarthy, Baptiste Leurent, Phil Edwards, Ravshan Tokhirov, Caroline Free
INTRODUCTION: Women in lower income countries experience unintended pregnancies at a higher rate compared with women in higher income countries. Unintended pregnancy is associated with numerous poorer health outcomes for both women and their children. In Tajikistan, an estimated 26% of married individuals aged 15-24 years have an unmet need for contraception. The strong cultural value placed on childbearing and oppositional attitudes towards contraception are major barriers to contraceptive uptake in the country...
September 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939409/over-the-counter-mouthwash-use-and-risk-of-pre-diabetes-diabetes
#11
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Evangelia Morou-Bermudez, Rakesh P Patel
AIMS: Over-the-counter mouthwash (most of which are antibacterial) comprises part of routine oral care for many; however, potential adverse effects of the long-term daily use have not been evaluated. Antibacterial mouthwash could destroy oral microbes critical for nitric oxide formation, and in turn predispose to metabolic disorders including diabetes. Our aim was to evaluate longitudinally the association between baseline over-the-counter mouthwash use and development of pre-diabetes/diabetes over a 3-year follow-up...
September 19, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939316/controlling-a-possible-outbreak-of-candida-auris-infection-lessons-learnt-from-multiple-interventions
#12
Manisha Biswal, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Neha Jain, A S Shamanth, Dipti Sharma, Kajal Jain, L N Yaddanapudi, A Chakrabarti
BACKGROUND: Multi-drug-resistant Candida auris infection has been reported from five continents in recent years. The prevalence of C. auris invasive infection has been estimated at 5.3% for intensive care acquired candidaemia, in India. The transmission of the organism between the patients and from environment to patients is rapid. AIM: To understand the intra-hospital dynamics of C. auris transmission and determine the possible interventions to prevent its spread...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939184/longitudinal-assessment-of-occupational-determinants-of-chlorpyrifos-exposure-in-adolescent-pesticide-workers-in-egypt
#13
Catherine L Callahan, Lamya A Hamad, James R Olson, Ahmed A Ismail, Gaafar Abdel-Rasoul, Olfat Hendy, Diane S Rohlman, Matthew R Bonner
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is an organophosphourus insecticide applied to cotton fields by adolescents employed by the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture. Urinary 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPy) is a biomarker of CPF exposure that has substantial variability among these applicators. In order to identify predictors of CPF exposure, we conducted a longitudinal study of 43 adolescent pesticide applicators in Egypt from April 2010 to January 2011 in Egypt. Urinary TCPy was quantified at 25 time-points, prior to, during, and following application...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939012/barriers-and-facilitators-to-clostridium-difficile-infection-prevention-a-nursing-perspective
#14
Caitlyn Ngam, Ann Schoofs Hundt, Nicholas Haun, Pascale Carayon, Linda Stevens, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a critical patient safety issue. Consistent and regular performance of appropriate practices is effective in preventing CDI. Variation in adherence to these practices can impede their effective implementation and weaken CDI prevention. METHODS: Using the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) framework we convened a focus group of 10 nurses to identify barriers and facilitators to compliance with a CDI prevention bundle that includes (1) prompt diagnostic testing, (2) empirical isolation for patients with suspected CDI, (3) consistent and appropriate contact isolation, (4) hand hygiene, and (5) disinfection of the patient room and objects in the room...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937973/oral-and-dental-health-issues-in-people-with-mental-disorders
#15
Julio Torales, Iván Barrios, Israel González
Patients with mental disorders are subject to a greater number of risk factors for oral and dental disease than the general population. This is mostly caused by the side effects of the medications that they receive, lack of self-care, difficulty to access health services, a negative attitude towards healthcare providers, and patients’ lack of cooperation in dental treatments. The most common psychiatric disorders in our population are depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dementia...
September 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937934/an-evaluation-of-new-york-city-s-2015-birth-certificate-gender-marker-regulation
#16
Erica J Lee, Danielle Gurr, Gretchen Van Wye
PURPOSE: In 1971, the New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene amended Section 207.05 of the NYC Health Code to allow individuals who had undergone "convertive surgery" (interpreted by the code to mean genital surgery) to amend the gender on their birth certificates. This surgery requirement was removed in 2015. In a survey evaluating the regulation change, we sought to characterize the transgender population newly eligible to obtain a gender-congruent NYC birth certificate by comparing respondents with and without genital surgery...
September 22, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937904/periodontal-pathogen-colonization-in-young-children-by-pcr-quantification-a-longitudinal-survey
#17
Karine Takahashi, Robson Frederico Cunha, Elerson Gaetti Jardim Junior
INTRODUCTION: Periodontal diseases are among the leading causes of premature tooth loss in adults, but the microbiota associated with this problem is established over time in childhood. AIM: This longitudinal study aimed to verify the occurrence of periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of children aged six, twelve, eighteen and twenty-four months through PCR quantification, correlating them with the oral microbiota of their mothers. STUDY DESIGN: Saliva and oral biofilm samples were collected from mothers and children by using sterilized paper points...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937069/oral-health-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#18
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936375/hand-hygiene-practices-among-indian-medical-undergraduates-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#19
Pranav D Modi, Pooja Kumar, Rajavi Solanki, Janhavi Modi, Srinath Chandramani, Niharika Gill
Background and objectives To prevent the spread of infections in all healthcare settings, hand hygiene must be routinely practiced. Appropriate hand hygiene techniques can go a long way in reducing nosocomial infections, cross-transmission of microorganisms and the risk of occupational exposure to infectious diseases. World Health Organisation (WHO) has taken an incredible approach called "My Five Moments for Hand Hygiene" which defines the key moments when health-care workers should perform hand hygiene. We thus carried out a survey to assess knowledge of hand hygiene practices among undergraduate medical students...
July 12, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935338/soft-tissue-surgery-for-adults-with-nonfunctional-spastic-hands-following-central-nervous-system-lesions-a-retrospective-study
#20
Laure Gatin, Alexis Schnitzler, Fabien Calé, Guillaume Genêt, Philippe Denormandie, François Genêt
PURPOSE: Soft tissue surgery for upper extremity contractures can improve hygiene, pain, and appearance in adults with central nervous system lesions. The goal of such interventions is highly individual; thus, goal attainment scaling (GAS; a method of scoring the extent to which patient's individual goals are achieved [5 levels] in the course of intervention and using T score values) is pertinent to evaluate outcome. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of soft tissue surgery for upper extremity muscle contractures in patients with central nervous system lesions using GAS...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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