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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328635/a-systematic-review-of-the-use-of-telemedicine-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-and-dermatology
#1
Krishna S Vyas, H Rhodes Hambrick, Afaaf Shakir, Shane D Morrison, Duy C Tran, Keon Pearson, Henry C Vasconez, Samir Mardini, Amanda A Gosman, Marek Dobke, Mark S Granick
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine, the use of information technology and telecommunication to provide healthcare at a distance, is a burgeoning field with applications throughout medicine. Given the visual nature of plastic surgery and dermatology, telemedicine has a myriad of potential applications within the field. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of articles published on telemedicine since January 2010 was performed. Articles were selected for their relevance to plastic and reconstructive surgery and dermatology, and then reviewed for their discussion of the applications, benefits, and limitations of telemedicine in practice...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328239/normal-modern-reconstructive-surgery-in-a-mexican-public-hospital
#2
Samuel Taylor-Alexander
A growing corpus of anthropological scholarship demonstrates how science and medicine in Mexico are imbued by national concerns with modernization. Drawing on ethnographic research in a public hospital located in the south of Mexico City, I unpack one manifestation of this dynamic, which is the conjugation of the normal and the modern in Mexican reconstructive surgery. The aspiration toward normality underlies everyday clinic practices and relationships in this field, including why parents want surgery for their children and how doctors see their patients and their responsibilities toward them...
March 22, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316989/quality-of-spine-surgery-research-from-the-arab-countries-a-systematic-review-and-bibliometric-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Saleh S Baeesa, Yazid Maghrabi, Abdul Karim Msaddi, Richard Assaker
Purpose. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the level of evidence (LOE) of spine surgery publications in the Arab countries and compare it with standard international literature in spine surgery and to determine the stand of the Arab nations academic production with that of the global one. Methods. An online search using "PubMed" and "Google Scholar" was carried out, using search terms related to spine surgery such as "Spine surgery," "Scoliosis," "Herniated disc." Each article was reviewed and graded by two reviewers using Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (OCEBM) Levels of Evidence scale...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research-funding
#4
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the NIH to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of ob/gyn physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988-2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280722/tissue-engineered-solutions-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-principles-and-practice
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Al-Himdani, Zita M Jessop, Ayesha Al-Sabah, Emman Combellack, Amel Ibrahim, Shareen H Doak, Andrew M Hart, Charles W Archer, Catherine A Thornton, Iain S Whitaker
Recent advances in microsurgery, imaging, and transplantation have led to significant refinements in autologous reconstructive options; however, the morbidity of donor sites remains. This would be eliminated by successful clinical translation of tissue-engineered solutions into surgical practice. Plastic surgeons are uniquely placed to be intrinsically involved in the research and development of laboratory engineered tissues and their subsequent use. In this article, we present an overview of the field of tissue engineering, with the practicing plastic surgeon in mind...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273299/association-between-ratio-of-fresh-frozen-plasma-to-red-blood-cells-during-massive-transfusion-and-survival-among-patients-without-traumatic-injury
#6
Tomaz Mesar, Andreas Larentzakis, Walter Dzik, Yuchiao Chang, George Velmahos, Daniel Dante Yeh
Importance: Hemostatic resuscitation has been shown to be beneficial for patients with trauma, but there is little evidence that it is equally beneficial for bleeding patients without trauma. The practice of a high transfusion ratio of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) to red blood cells (RBCs) has spread to other surgical and medical fields. Objective: To identify whether ratio-based resuscitation in patients without trauma is associated with improved survival. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study is a retrospective review of all massive transfusions provided in an urban academic hospital from January 1, 2009, through December 31, 2012...
March 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273097/characterization-of-the-human-aqueous-humour-proteome-a-comparison-of-the-genders
#7
Natarajan Perumal, Caroline Manicam, Matthias Steinicke, Sebastian Funke, Norbert Pfeiffer, Franz H Grus
Aqueous humour (AH) is an important biologic fluid that maintains normal intraocular pressure and contains proteins that regulate the homeostasis of ocular tissues. Any alterations in the protein compositions are correlated to the pathogenesis of various ocular disorders. In recent years, gender-based medicine has emerged as an important research focus considering the prevalence of certain diseases, which are higher in a particular sex. Nevertheless, the inter-gender variations in the AH proteome are unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272347/predictive-and-prognostic-molecular-biomarkers-for-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-in-rectal-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Delphine Dayde, Ichidai Tanaka, Rekha Jain, Mei Chee Tai, Ayumu Taguchi
The standard of care in locally advanced rectal cancer is neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT) followed by radical surgery. Response to nCRT varies among patients and pathological complete response is associated with better outcome. However, there is a lack of effective methods to select rectal cancer patients who would or would not have a benefit from nCRT. The utility of clinicopathological and radiological features are limited due to lack of adequate sensitivity and specificity. Molecular biomarkers have the potential to predict response to nCRT at an early time point, but none have currently reached the clinic...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265176/development-of-education-program-for-physical-therapy-assistant-in-quang-tri-province-of-vietnam
#9
Jin Won Noh, Sang Hyun Cho, Min Hee Kim, Eun Joo Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to develop an education program for physical therapy assistants in order to provide high quality physical therapy for the province of Quang Tri in Vietnam. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects consisted of 9 professors in Quang Tri medical college and 1 physical therapist in Quang Tri General hospital. The survey research to lecturer for education of physical therapy assistant in Quang Tri medical college was conducted as pre-analysis of demand for the physical therapy assistant curriculum development...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261774/evaluation-of-anatomical-and-functional-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-repair-of-traumatic-canalicular-laceration
#10
Hasan Aytoğan, Şeyda Karadeniz Uğurlu
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to evaluate functional and anatomical success of traumatic canalicular laceration repair. METHODS: Consecutive patients who presented at Atatürk Training and Research Hospital Eye Clinic, İzmir Katip Çelebi University Faculty of Medicine and had canalicular laceration repair performed by the same surgeon between January 2009 and December 2014 were included in the study. Demographic data, length of time between injury and surgery, and cause of the trauma, surgical method employed, and duration of follow-up were recorded...
January 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252311/-sheep-as-an-experimental-model-in-the-reaserch-of%C3%A2-effects-of-pregnancy-delivery-and-surgical-procedures-on-the-pelvic-floor
#11
I Urbánková, L Hympánová, L Krofta
OBJECTIVE: A short literature review of ewe as an experimental model in research of effects of pregnancy, delivery and urogynecological surgical procedures on the pelvic floor. DESIGN: Literature overview. SETTING: Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Third Faculty of Medicine, Prague. METHODS: This is an overview of recent literature on experiments using ewes as a model for biomechanical and morphological changes of the vagina induced by pregnancy, delivery and transvaginal graft implantation...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249260/standing-posture-at-work-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-varicose-vein-in-health-care-providers-in-taiwan
#12
Hsin-Kai Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Shih-Bin Su, Jhi-Joung Wang, How-Ran Guo, Chien-Chin Hsu, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the risk of varicose vein (VV) among physicians, non-physician health care providers (HCPs), and general population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database was used to identify 28,844 physicians, 26,099 non-physician HCPs, and age- and sex-matched identical number of patients from the general population. Using logistic regression analyses, the VV risk between physicians and general population, non-physician HCPs and general population, physicians and non-physician HCPs, and among physician specialists was compared by tracing their medical history between 2007 and 2011...
February 28, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243400/the-influence-of-oral-ginger-before-operation-on-nausea-and-vomiting-after-cataract-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Jamal Seidi, Shahrokh Ebnerasooli, Sirous Shahsawari, Simin Nzarian
BACKGROUND: According to Iranian traditional medicine, using safe ginger may contribute to taking less chemical medicines and result in fewer side effects. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of using ginger before operation on nausea and vomiting, after cataract surgery under general anesthesia. METHODS: This study was a double-blind placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial conducted at Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241301/battle-of-the-bulge-aortic-aneurysm-management-from-early-modernity-to-the-present
#14
Justin Barr
For centuries, physicians have recognized aortic aneurysms as an acute threat to life. Therapeutic approaches to the disease began in the 18th century when leading physicians, such as René Laennec and Antonio Valsalva, applied research on circulation and blood coagulation to devise whole-body fasting and bleeding regimens to prevent rupture. After John Hunter's success in ligating arteries to treat peripheral aneurysms, surgeons attempted analogous operations on the aorta, but even the renowned Sir Astley Cooper and William Halsted met with disastrous results...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236079/the-2017-abjs-nicolas-andry-award-advancing-personalized-medicine-for-clubfoot-through-translational-research
#15
Matthew B Dobbs, Christina A Gurnett
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is one of the most common pediatric orthopaedic disorders. While the Ponseti method has revolutionized clubfoot treatment, it is not effective for all patients. When the Ponseti method does not correct the foot, patients are at risk for lifelong disability and may require more-extensive surgery. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What genetic and morphologic abnormalities contribute to the development of clubfoot? (2) How can this information be used to devise personalized treatment paradigms for patients with clubfoot? METHODS: Human gene sequencing, molecular genetic engineering of mouse models of clubfoot, MRI of clubfoot, and development of new treatment methods all have been used by our group to understand the biological basis and improve therapy for this group of disorders...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224208/-prevention-of-postoperative-infections-evidence-based-principles
#16
F Pianka, A L Mihaljevic
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most frequent postoperative complications worldwide and preventive measures are still an important research topic. High infection rates are not uncommon, especially in visceral surgery. At the same time, frequently not all evidence-based measures are carried out in a standardized manner. The aim of this article is to summarize the relevant literature on evidence-based measures for prevention of SSI. Although evidence-based medicine has already become well-established in surgery, the opinion of experts often still prevails...
February 21, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220946/light-and-energy-based-therapeutics-for-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause-consensus-and-controversies
#17
Yona Tadir, Adrian Gaspar, Ahinoam Lev-Sagie, Macrene Alexiades, Red Alinsod, Alex Bader, Alberto Calligaro, Jorge A Elias, Marco Gambaciani, Jorge E Graviria, Cheryl B Iglesia, Ksenija Selih-Martinec, Patricia L Mwesigwa, Urska B Ogrinc, Stefano Salvatore, Paolo Scollo, Nicola Zerbinati, John Stuart Nelson
Gynecologist and plastic surgeons pioneered the application of lasers in medicine and surgery almost 5 decades ago, initially used to treat cervical and vaginal pathologies. Ever since, energy-based devices have been deployed to treat pelvic pathologies and improve fertility. Recent technological developments triggered an unprecedented wave of publications, assessing the efficacy of fractional laser, and radiofrequency on the vaginal wall in reversing natural aging processes. Studies have shown that a certain degree of thermal energy deposited on the vaginal wall stimulates proliferation of the glycogen-enriched epithelium, neovascularization, and collagen formation in the lamina propria, and improves natural lubrication and control of urination...
February 21, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220199/-novel-pharmaceutical-treatment-approaches-for-gastric-cancer
#18
F Lordick
This review article delineates novel approaches for the pharmaceutical treatment of gastric cancer. A newly developed molecular classification of gastric cancer based on histology, genetic, epigenetic and proteomic characteristics has evolved. It provides a road map for development of new drugs and combinations as well as for patient stratification in clinical research and it is expected to be introduced into clinical practice in the near future. Anti-HER2 targeted treatment is a validated strategy for treatment of metastatic gastric cancer and is now also being studied in the perioperative setting to increase response rates and ultimately survival in patients undergoing curative surgery; however, the resistance mechanisms of HER2-targeted treatment are poorly understood and optimal patient selection remains challenging...
February 20, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#19
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202196/vulvar-postoperative-care-gestalt-or-evidence-based-medicine-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alon D Altman, Christine Robinson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews all current literature for vulvar postoperative care, and forms a summary of evidence based practice. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINHAL, Web of Science Core Collection, PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, clinicaltrials.gov and Medline databases were searched. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Various combinations of key-terms were used to identify relevant articles. All identified primary research articles and review articles were then examined with their references in order to identify further relevant studies...
February 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
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