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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515982/current-concepts-on-the-genetic-factors-in-rotator-cuff-pathology-and-future-implications-for-sports-physical-therapists
#1
Travis Orth, Jessica Paré, John E Froehlich
CONTEXT: Recent advances within the field of genetics are currently changing many of the methodologies in which medicine is practiced. These advances are also beginning to influence the manner in which physical therapy services are rendered. Rotator cuff pathology is one of the most common diagnoses treated by the sports physical therapist. The purpose of this commentary is to educate sports physical therapists on the recent advances regarding how genetics influences rotator cuff pathology, including rotator cuff tears, and provide a perspective on how this information will likely influence post-operative shoulder rehabilitation in the near future...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512550/analysis-of-scientific-production-in-spanish-implantology
#2
Beatriz Tarazona, Antonio Vidal-Infer, Pablo Tarazona-Alvarez, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to quantify the scientific productivity of researchers, organizations, and regions in Spain that publish articles on implantology in dental journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search was conducted among the core collection of Thomson Reuters' Web of Science database, on the basis of its broad thematic and geographic coverage of health sciences. The search identified original articles - the main vehicle for the dissemination of research results...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494039/top-cited-articles-in-implant-dentistry
#3
Anastasia Fardi, Konstantinos Kodonas, Theodoros Lillis, Alexander Veis
PURPOSE: Citation analysis is the field of bibliometrics that uses citation data to evaluate the scientific recognition and the influential performance of a research article in the scientific community. The aim of this study was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the top-cited articles pertaining to implant dentistry, to analyze the main characteristics, and to display the most interesting topics and evolutionary trends. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 100 top-cited articles published in "Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and Medicine" journals were identified using the Science Citation Index Database...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492441/residual-enoxaparin-activity-anti-xa-levels-and-concerns-about-the-american-society-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-anticoagulation-guidelines
#4
Daryl S Henshaw, James D Turner, Daniel J Forest, Garrett R Thompson, Robert S Weller
Currently, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) anticoagulation guidelines recommend that before the performance of a neuraxial procedure a minimum of 24 hours should elapse following a treatment dose of enoxaparin (1 mg/kg twice daily or 1.5 mg/kg once daily). The guidelines have since their inception also consistently recommended against the routine use of anti-Xa level monitoring for patients receiving enoxaparin. However, we noted in our clinical practice that anti-Xa levels were frequently still elevated despite patients meeting the time-based recommendation for treatment dose enoxaparin...
May 10, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491135/highlights-from-the-15th-st-gallen-international-breast-cancer-conference-15-18-march-2017-vienna-tailored-treatments-for-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#5
Consuelo Morigi
The 15th St Gallen International Breast Cancer Conference was held in Vienna for the second time, from 15th-18th March 2017. 4000 people from 105 countries all over the world were invited to take part in the event. The real highlight of the conference was the last day with the International Consensus Session which was chaired by around 50 experts on breast cancer worldwide. With reference to data from scientific research, the consensus panel tried to offer guidelines for the management of breast cancer with the aim of providing patients with optimal treatment...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488256/the-rate-of-publication-of-free-papers-at-the-2008-and-2010-european-society-of-sports-traumatology-knee-surgery-and-arthroscopy-congresses
#6
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Joelle Rogozinsky, Darren de Sa, Nicole Simunovic, Romain Seil, Jon Karlsson, Olufemi Rolland Ayeni
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency with which free papers presented at the 2008 and 2010 European Society of Sports Traumatology Knee Surgery and Arthroscopy (ESSKA) congress were ultimately published in peer-reviewed journals. Moreover, this study evaluated whether any correlations exist between the level of evidence of the free papers and their frequency of publication or the impact factor of the journals in which they are published. METHODS: Free papers presented at the 2008 and 2010 ESSKA congresses were included for assessment...
December 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488163/historical-review-of-arthroscopic-surgery-of-the-hip
#7
REVIEW
Abigail C L Magrill, Naoki Nakano, Vikas Khanduja
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Increasing our appreciation of the historical foundations of hip arthroscopy offers greater insight and understanding of the field's current and future applications. This article offers a broad history of the progress of hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Hip arthroscopy's development from the early technologies of endoscopy to the present day is described through a review of the available literature. RESULTS: Endoscopic science begins with the Lichtleiter, developed by Phillip Bozzini (1779-1809) in 1806, but endoscopes were not applied to joints until 1912, as presented by Severin Nordentoft (1866-1922)...
May 9, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475698/the-growing-need-for-validated-biomarkers-and-endpoints-for-dry-eye-clinical-research
#8
Neeta S Roy, Yi Wei, Eric Kuklinski, Penny A Asbell
Purpose: Biomarkers with minimally invasive and reproducible objective metrics provide the key to future paradigm shifts in understanding of the underlying causes of dry eye disease (DED) and approaches to treatment of DED. We review biomarkers and their validity in providing objective metrics for DED clinical research and patient care. Methods: The English-language literature in PubMed primarily over the last decade was surveyed for studies related to identification of biomarkers of DED: (1) inflammation, (2) point-of-care, (3) ocular imaging, and (4) genetics...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465710/do-children-with-neurological-disabilities-use-more-inpatient-resources-an-observational-study
#9
Jin-Xi Yuan, Marian McGowan, Irene Hadjikoumi, Buddhi Pant
BACKGROUND: Advances in healthcare have improved the survival of children with neurological disabilities (ND). Studies in the US have shown that children with ND use a substantial proportion of resources in children's hospitals, however, little research has been conducted in the UK. We aimed to test the hypothesis that children with neurological disabilities use more inpatient resources than children without neurological disabilities, and to quantify any significant differences in resource use...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464774/personalizing-psychological-treatment-along-the-ibd-journey-from-diagnosis-to-surgery
#10
Julia Menichetti, Gionata Fiorino, Elena Vegni
Personalized medicine is becoming a widespread effort to provide the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. However, it lacks of consideration for nonmedical factors, such as patient preferences and psychosocial factors, that should not be avoided. The present study summarizes the psychosocial difficulties experienced by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during different phases of the disease in order to identify methods to assess psychosocial risk factors and personalize treatment strategies...
May 2, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461919/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-principles-of-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Nikolaos K Paschos, Stephen M Howell
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is one of the most common procedures in sports medicine. Several areas of controversy exist in ACL tear management which have engaged surgeons and researchers in debates towards identifying an ideal approach for these patients.This instructional review discusses the principles of ACL reconstruction in an attempt to provide guidelines and initiate a critical thinking approach on the most common areas of controversy regarding ACL reconstruction.Using high-level evidence from the literature, as presented in randomised controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, operative versus conservative treatment, timing of surgery, and rehabilitation are discussed...
November 2016: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461793/nina-braunwald-a-female-pioneer-in-cardiac-surgery
#12
Nikhil Sabharwal, Harmanjit Dev, Hassiba Smail, David C McGiffin, Pankaj Saxena
Nina Starr Braunwald, the first female cardiac surgeon, made headlines during a time when almost all specialty surgeons were men. Women have typically been deterred from entering surgical specialties, in part because of their traditional dual burden of managing their households and careers. Instead, female medical students and junior doctors have tended to be more attracted to medical specialties. This was the reality during Dr. Braunwald's venture into medicine in 1949. However, she never allowed negative ideas to keep her from joining a surgical training program...
April 2017: Texas Heart Institute Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455277/evidence-of-benefit-of-telerehabitation-after-orthopedic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
Jose Manuel Pastora-Bernal, Rocio Martín-Valero, Francisco Javier Barón-López, María José Estebanez-Pérez
BACKGROUND: In addition to traditional physiotherapy, studies based on telerehabilitation programs have published the results of effectiveness, validity, noninferiority, and important advantages in some neurological, cognitive, and musculoskeletal disorders, providing an opportunity to define new social policies and interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of telerehabilitation after surgical procedures on orthopedic conditions as well as to describe how interventions are designed and to determine whether telerehabilitation is comparable with conventional methods of delivery...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452628/informed-consent-to-research-with-cognitively-impaired-adults-transdisciplinary-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Beth Prusaczyk, Steven M Cherney, Christopher R Carpenter, James M DuBois
Due to issues related to informed research consent, older adults with cognitive impairments are often excluded from high-quality studies that are not directly related to cognitive impairment, which has led to a dearth of evidence for this population. The challenges to including cognitively impaired older adults in research and the implications of their exclusion are a transdisciplinary issue. The ethical challenges and logistical barriers to conducting research with cognitively impaired older adults are addressed from the perspectives of three different fields-social work, emergency medicine, and orthopaedic surgery...
January 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449529/do-hospitals-need-oncological-critical-care-units
#15
EDITORIAL
Abby Koch, William Checkley
Since the inception of critical care as a formal discipline in the late 1950s, we have seen rapid specialization to many types of intensive care units (ICUs) to accommodate evolving life support technologies and novel therapies in various disciplines of medicine. Indeed, the field has expanded such that specialized ICUs currently exist to address critical care problems in medicine, cardiology, neurology and neurosurgery, trauma, burns, organ transplant and cardiothoracic surgeries. Specialization does not only need new infrastructure, but also training and staffing of health care providers, ancillary staff, and development and implementation of processes of care...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441509/patient-safety-and-quality-improvement-in-otolaryngology-education-a-systematic-review
#16
John D Gettelfinger, P Barrett Paulk, Cecelia E Schmalbach
Objective The breadth and depth of patient safety/quality improvement (PS/QI) research dedicated to otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (OHNS) education remains unknown. This systematic review aims to define this scope and to identify knowledge gaps as well as potential areas of future study to improved PS/QI education and training in OHNS. Data Sources A computerized Ovid/Medline database search was conducted (January 1, 1965, to May 15, 2015). Similar computerized searches were conducted using Cochrane Database, PubMed, and Google Scholar...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#17
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424084/durable-complete-remission-with-aromatase-inhibitor-therapy-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-uterine-carcinosarcoma-with-poor-performance-status-and-coagulation-disorders-a-case-report
#18
P Martin-Romano, M Jurado, M A Idoate, L Arbea, J L Hernandez-Lizoain, D Cano, J A Paramo, S Martin-Algarra
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy is considered the most appropriate treatment for metastatic uterine sarcoma, despite its limited efficacy. No other treatment has been conclusively proved to be a real alternative, but some reports suggest that anti-hormonal therapy could be active in a small subset of patients. We report the case of a patient with metastatic uterine carcinosarcoma with positive hormonal receptors and a complete pathological response. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old white woman presented to our emergency room with hypovolemic shock and serious vaginal bleeding...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417852/nuclear-medicine-in-pediatric-nephro-urology-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Iosif Mendichovszky, Bernardita Troncoso Solar, Naima Smeulders, Marina Easty, Lorenzo Biassoni
In the context of ante-natally diagnosed hydronephrosis, the vast majority of children with a dilated renal pelvis do not need any surgical treatment, as the dilatation resolves spontaneously with time. Slow drainage demonstrated at Tc-99m-mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) renography does not necessarily mean obstruction. Obstruction is defined as resistance to urinary outflow with urinary stasis at the level of the pelvic-ureteric junction (PUJ) which, if left untreated, will damage the kidney. Unfortunately this definition is retrospective and not clinically helpful...
May 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413859/meniscus-articular-cartilage-and-nucleus-pulposus-a-comparative-review-of-cartilage-like-tissues-in-anatomy-development-and-function
#20
REVIEW
Song Chen, Peiliang Fu, Haishan Wu, Ming Pei
The degradation of cartilage in the human body is impacted by aging, disease, genetic predisposition and continued insults resulting from daily activity. The burden of cartilage defects (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, intervertebral disc damage, knee replacement surgeries, etc.) is daunting in light of substantial economic and social stresses. This review strives to broaden the scope of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering approaches used for cartilage repair by comparing and contrasting the anatomical and functional nature of the meniscus, articular cartilage (AC) and nucleus pulposus (NP)...
April 17, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
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