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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#1
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202196/vulvar-postoperative-care-gestalt-or-evidence-based-medicine-a-comprehensive-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Alon D Altman, Christine Robinson
OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews all current literature for vulvar postoperative care, and forms a summary of evidence based practice. DATA SOURCES: Scopus, Cochrane Library, CINHAL, Web of Science Core Collection, PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, clinicaltrials.gov and Medline databases were searched. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Various combinations of key-terms were used to identify relevant articles. All identified primary research articles and review articles were then examined with their references in order to identify further relevant studies...
February 12, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197794/therapeutic-options-in-refractory-diabetic-macular-oedema
#3
Sanket U Shah, Raj K Maturi
Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) results from alterations of several biochemical pathways in diabetic eyes. Centre-involving DMO is an important cause of visual loss in diabetes. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents are now the mainstay of centre-involving DMO treatment. Oedema that does not achieve optimal response to these agents occurs in a sizeable proportion of eyes and is called refractory or persistent DMO. Management of refractory DMO is challenging. In this paper, the pathophysiology of DMO, and the definitions used in various studies are summarised...
February 15, 2017: Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193221/the-publication-gender-gap-in-us-academic-surgery
#4
Claudia Mueller, Robert Wright, Sabine Girod
BACKGROUND: Terms such as "glass ceiling" and "sticky floor" are still commonly used to describe women's role in academic surgery. Despite continued efforts to address disparities between men and women in the field, gender inequalities persist. METHODS: In this investigation we highlight gender differences in published surgical literature by both quantity and impact. Websites for departments of surgery of three academic centers were reviewed to assess the bibliometrics of publications by gender over a two-week period...
February 14, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187889/gift-cloud-a-data-sharing-and-collaboration-platform-for-medical-imaging-research
#5
Tom Doel, Dzhoshkun I Shakir, Rosalind Pratt, Michael Aertsen, James Moggridge, Erwin Bellon, Anna L David, Jan Deprest, Tom Vercauteren, Sébastien Ourselin
OBJECTIVES: Clinical imaging data are essential for developing research software for computer-aided diagnosis, treatment planning and image-guided surgery, yet existing systems are poorly suited for data sharing between healthcare and academia: research systems rarely provide an integrated approach for data exchange with clinicians; hospital systems are focused towards clinical patient care with limited access for external researchers; and safe haven environments are not well suited to algorithm development...
February 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175966/literature-review-to-optimize-the-autologous-fat-transplantation-procedure-and-recent-technologies-to-improve-graft-viability-and-overall-outcome-a-systematic-and-retrospective-analytic-approach
#6
REVIEW
Yoong Hoon Shim, Ru Hong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Investigation and evaluation of the current methods and steps of autologous fat transplantation to optimize the viability of fat grafts and procedure outcome in quest of a more standardized protocol. METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed across the CNKI, Wan Fang, PubMed, Ovid and EMBASE databases from the year 1970 to December 2014, collecting and classifying all of the autologous fat transplantation-related reports and articles, and after screening, a critical retrospective analysis was performed on the included data...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174061/the-effect-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-the-temporomandibular-joint-and-oral-function-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
E C Te Veldhuis, A H Te Veldhuis, W M Bramer, E B Wolvius, M J Koudstaal
The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effect of orthognathic surgery (OS) on the temporomandibular joint and oral function. Electronic databases were systematically searched for studies published until October 2015. Articles were assessed against predefined inclusion criteria. The included papers were divided into four groups based on the type of OS performed. The following items were recorded: quality of evidence using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based medicine (CEBM) criteria, number of patients, presence/absence of controls, mean age at treatment, follow-up time, clinical examination findings, bite force, use of the Helkimo Index and Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders, imaging findings, and patient questionnaire results...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167617/the-medical-reshaping-of-disabled-bodies-as-a-response-to-stigma-and-a-route-to-normality
#8
Janice McLaughlin
Disabled people are said to experience stigma because their embodied presence in the world does not fit with how others interact and use their bodies to be social participants. In response they can turn to medical procedures, such as surgery or physiotherapy, in order to reshape their bodies to more closely approximate norms of social interaction and embodiment. This paper explores how medicine plays a role in attempts to be recognised by others as normal and acceptable by minimising disability. It will do so via a focus on disabled young people, in order to explore how their emerging identities and aspirations for the future influence how they think about their bodies, what normality means and their participation in multiple activities that work on their bodies...
February 6, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154775/three-dimensional-printing-review-of-application-in-medicine-and-hepatic-surgery
#9
Rui Yao, Gang Xu, Shuang-Shuang Mao, Hua-Yu Yang, Xin-Ting Sang, Wei Sun, Yi-Lei Mao
Three-dimensional (3D) printing (3DP) is a rapid prototyping technology that has gained increasing recognition in many different fields. Inherent accuracy and low-cost property enable applicability of 3DP in many areas, such as manufacturing, aerospace, medical, and industrial design. Recently, 3DP has gained considerable attention in the medical field. The image data can be quickly turned into physical objects by using 3DP technology. These objects are being used across a variety of surgical specialties. The shortage of cadaver specimens is a major problem in medical education...
December 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152777/understanding-the-patient-experience-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
Randall Winnette, Steven Nicol, Datchen Fritz Tai, Kati Copley-Merriman
: 61 Background: Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) are a heterogenous group of rare tumors that involve the connective tissue in the body. As with many rare tumors, little is known about the impact of STS on patient well-being. The objective of this review was to understand patient experience and quality of life (QOL) following diagnosis of STS. METHODS: This was a systematic review of English language articles published between 2005-2015 in PubMed/Medline, Embase, PsychINFO, and Evidence-Based Medicine...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146414/timing-of-lower-extremity-injuries-in-competition-and-practice-in-high-school-sports
#11
Kyle Nagle, Bernadette Johnson, Lina Brou, Tyler Landman, Ada Sochanska, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Laboratory-based experiments demonstrate that fatigue may contribute to lower extremity injury (LEI). Few studies have examined the timing of LEIs during competition and practice, specifically in high school athletes across multiple sports, to consider the possible relationship between fatigue and LEIs during sport events. HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe the timing of LEIs in high school athletes within games and practices across multiple sports, with a hypothesis that more and severe injuries occur later in games and practices...
February 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146046/brazilian-specialists-perspectives-on-the-patient-referral-process
#12
Carmen Juliani, Maura MacPhee, Wilza Spiri
Since 1988, healthcare has been considered a citizen's right in Brazil. The Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), has undergone development and expansion to ensure universal health coverage for the Brazilian public, the world's fifth largest population. The coordination of effective communications between primary care physicians, specialists and patients is a significant challenge, particularly the referral process. Our study objective was to understand the facilitators and barriers associated with referral process communications between primary care physicians and regional university hospital specialists in the State of Sao Paulo...
January 29, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#13
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144097/cognizance-and-utilization-about-breast-cancer-screening-among-the-health-professional-female-students-and-staffs-of-university-kuala-lumpur-royal-college-of-medicine-perak-malaysia
#14
A T M Emdadul Haque, Muhammad Afif Bin Mohd Hisham, Noor Azwa Laili Binti Ahmad Adzman, Nur Atiqah Binti Azudin, Nursakinah Binti Shafri, Mainul Haque
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is a major life-threatening problem and a global concern including Malaysia. BC is an equal threat for both developing and developed countries. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between sociodemographic factors with knowledge, attitude, and perception on BC screening among the females of University Kuala Lumpur, Royal College of Medicine Perak (UniKL RCMP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2016...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134003/development-of-a-patient-specific-3d-printed-liver-model-for-preoperative-planning
#15
Marta J Madurska, Matthieu Poyade, David Eason, Paul Rea, Angus J M Watson
INTRODUCTION: Liver surgery is widely used as a treatment modality for various liver pathologies. Despite significant improvement in clinical care, operative strategies, and technology over the past few decades, liver surgery is still risky, and optimal preoperative planning and anatomical assessment are necessary to minimize risks of serious complications. 3D printing technology is rapidly expanding, and whilst appliactions in medicine are growing, but its applications in liver surgery are still limited...
January 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130561/breast-durometer-mammometer-a-novel-device-for-measuring-soft-tissue-firmness-and-its-application-in-cosmetic-breast-surgery
#16
Tim Brown, Stephen Brown, Tracey Murphy
The measurement of soft-tissue firmness has many potential applications in medical practice. This study reports a user-friendly, novel device that is capable of measuring changes in soft-tissue firmness in a reproducible manner. The study reports the development of the equipment and how it has been applied to breast implant surgery. The device was tested for both intra- and inter-observer variability on an in vitro model, using a breast implant. Once reproducibility was confirmed, breast firmness was measured on a series of patients who underwent sub-fascial breast augmentation (n = 50) to examine how it varied post-operatively...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130032/publication-rates-of-podium-presentation-abstracts-at-the-arthroscopy-association-of-north-america-annual-meetings-2004-2012
#17
Jason D Lehman, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Richard Ferraro, Brian J Rebolledo, Eric C Makhni, Nikhil N Verma, Lawrence V Gulotta
PURPOSE: To determine the publication rates of podium presentation abstracts at the Arthroscopy Association of North America (AANA) annual scientific meetings from 2004 to 2012. METHODS: A database of podium presentation abstracts at the annual meetings of the AANA was compiled. Abstract presentations that reached manuscript publication were determined by a PubMed search of the MEDLINE database and Google Scholar. The journal and publication date were then recorded for all identified published abstracts...
January 24, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127103/clinical-inquiry-in-women-who-have-undergone-breast-cancer-surgery-including-lymph-node-removal-do-blood-pressure-measurements-taken-in-the-ipsilateral-arm-increase-the-risk-of-lymphedema
#18
Justin R Bryant, Raymond T Hajjar, Christopher Lumley, Kongkrit Chaiyasate
Throughout the healthcare industry fears of taking blood pressure in the arm of patients who have undergone breast cancer surgery have been propagated for decades and continue to be recommended by multiple medical societies and healthcare organizations. However, these precautions are not well based on evidence-based medicine and may have a more historical and traditional basis. The purpose of this study was to review current evidence-based research as well as current guidelines regarding ipsilateral arm blood pressure measurements in women who have undergone breast surgery for cancer including lymph node removal...
November 2016: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125523/machine-learning-based-classification-of-38-years-of-spine-related-literature-into-100-research-topics
#19
David C Sing, Lionel N Metz, Stefan Dudli
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: To identify the top 100 spine research topics. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent advances in "machine learning," or computers learning without explicit instructions, have yielded broad technological advances. Topic modeling algorithms can be applied to large volumes of text to discover quantifiable themes and trends. METHODS: Abstracts were extracted from the National Library of Medicine PubMed database from five prominent peer-reviewed spine journals (European Spine Journal [ESJ], The Spine Journal [SpineJ], Spine, Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques [JSDT], Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine [JNS])...
January 25, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123313/developing-expertise-in-gynecologic-surgery-reflective-perspectives-of-international-experts-on-learning-environments-and-processes
#20
Patricia L Hardré, Mikio Nihira, Edgar L LeClaire
Research in medical education does not provide a clear understanding of how professional expertise develops among surgeons and what experiential factors contribute to that development. To address this gap, the researchers interviewed 16 international experts in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery to assess their reflective perceptions of what specific opportunities and experiences initiated and supported their development toward expertise in their field. Characteristics and influences explaining the speed and quality of expertise development were sorted into the following themes: the dynamic process of expertise development, internal and personal characteristics, general aptitudes and preparatory skills, role modeling and interpersonal influences, opportunities to learn and practice, and roles and reference points...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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