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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149651/anthropometric-measurements-in-iranian-men
#1
Jaber Gharehdaghi, Maryam Baazm, Masoud Ghadipasha, Sadra Solhi, Farhoud Toutounchian
There is inevitable need for data regarding anthropometric measurements of each community's population. These anthropometric data have various applications, including health assessment, industrial designing, plastic & orthopedic surgery, nutritional studies, anatomical studies and forensic medicine investigations. Anthropometric parameters vary from race to race throughout the world, hence providing an anthropometric profile model of residents of different geographic regions seems to be necessary. To our knowledge, there is no report of bone parameters of the Iranian population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135752/experiences-and-shared-meaning-of-teamwork-and-interprofessional-collaboration-among-health-care-professionals-in-primary-health-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#2
Carine Sangaleti, Mariana Cabral Schveitzer, Marina Peduzzi, Elma Lourdes Campos Pavone Zoboli, Cassia Baldini Soares
BACKGROUND: During the last decade, teamwork has been addressed under the rationale of interprofessional practice or collaboration, highlighted by the attributes of this practice such as: interdependence of professional actions, focus on user needs, negotiation between professionals, shared decision making, mutual respect and trust among professionals, and acknowledgment of the role and work of the different professional groups. Teamwork and interprofessional collaboration have been pointed out as astrategy for effective organization of health care services as the complexity of healthcare requires integration of knowledge and practices from differente professional groups...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#3
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132430/hospital-choice-in-germany-from-the-patient-s-perspective-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Werner de Cruppé, Max Geraedts
BACKGROUND: In many countries health policy encourages patients to choose their hospital, preferably by considering information of performance reports. Previous studies on hospital choice mainly have focused on patients undergoing elective surgery. This study examined a representative sample of hospital inpatients across disciplines and treatment interventions in Germany. Its research questions were: How many patients decide where to go for hospital treatment? How much time do patients have before admission? Which sources of information do they use, and which criteria are relevant to their decision? METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study covering 1925 inpatients of 46 departments at 17 hospitals in 2012...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123661/the-psychology-of-chronic-post-surgical-pain-new-frontiers-in-risk-factor-identification-prevention-and-management
#5
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123659/-why-me-the-problem-of-chronic-pain-after-surgery
#6
Patricia Lavand'homme
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has become a health priority and is scheduled to be included in the upcoming version of the International Classification of Diseases, 11th Revision (ICD-11). Recent studies on CPSP show unchanged prevalence despite progress made in fundamental research about underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Nevertheless, clinical research has allowed better understanding of some CPSP aspects such as the development of neuropathic CPSP. Actually, some improvements are ongoing such as a refined definition and the assessment of CPSP in vulnerable populations, for example, paediatric patients...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114561/awareness-about-rational-use-of-medicines-among-fresh-bachelor-of-medicine-and-bachelor-of-surgery-graduates
#7
Vijaya Laxman Chaudhari, Smita N Mali, Amruta V Dawari, Tushar B Nishandar
CONTEXT: Fresh Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery graduates (FMGs) are responsible for the majority of prescription errors and irrational use of medicines. Little research has explored their knowledge on rational prescribing practices. AIMS: The present study aimed to evaluate the awareness of rational use of medicines (RUMs) among the FMGs. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A multicentric, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study was conducted among 308 FMGs during the internship orientation program...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103796/transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-patients-in-the-emergency-department-what-physicians-know-think-and-do
#8
Makini Chisolm-Straker, Cathleen Willging, Adrian D Daul, Shannon McNamara, S Cham Sante, Daniel G Shattuck, Cameron S Crandall
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We explore self-reported knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of emergency physicians in regard to the care of transgender and gender-nonconforming patients to identify opportunities to improve care of this population. METHODS: From July to August 2016, we electronically surveyed the American College of Emergency Physicians' Emergency Medicine Practice-Based Research Network of 654 active emergency physician participants. We performed frequency tabulations to analyze the closed-ended response items...
November 3, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101774/dextrose-prolotherapy-for-chronic-shoulder-pain-a-case-report
#9
Casey Seenauth, Vance Inouye, Jeffrey O Langland
Context • Shoulder pain is one of the most common pain complaints reported by patients. Consensus is lacking on its ideal treatment, and many different treatments are available and used. Prolotherapy is an injection-based therapy that has shown significant results in treating many common musculoskeletal pain conditions, including osteoarthritis, lateral epicondylosis, and low-back pain. Objective • The study intended to evaluate the use of dextrose prolotherapy in the treatment of shoulder pain. Design • The research team performed a case study...
November 4, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091874/aqueous-extract-of-codium-fragile-alleviates-osteoarthritis-through-the-mapk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-il-1%C3%AE-induced-rat-primary-chondrocytes-and-a-rat-osteoarthritis-model
#10
Sung-Min Moon, Seul Ah Lee, Seul Hee Han, Bo-Ram Park, Mi Suk Choi, Jae-Sung Kim, Su-Gwan Kim, Heung-Joong Kim, Hong Sung Chun, Do Kyung Kim, Chun Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot has been used as a potential remedy in traditional medicine because of its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects. Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive joint disease, characterized by complex mechanisms related to inflammation and degeneration of articular cartilage. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the cartilage protective effect of an aqueous extract of Codium fragile (AECF) using rat primary chondrocytes and the osteoarthritis animal model induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)...
October 26, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081997/implementation-of-effective-practices-in-health-facilities-a-systematic-review-of-cluster-randomised-trials
#11
Emma R Allanson, Özge Tunçalp, Joshua P Vogel, Dina N Khan, Olufemi T Oladapo, Qian Long, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: The capacity for health systems to support the translation of research in to clinical practice may be limited. The cluster randomised controlled trial (cluster RCT) design is often employed in evaluating the effectiveness of implementation of evidence-based practices. We aimed to systematically review available evidence to identify and evaluate the components in the implementation process at the facility level using cluster RCT designs. METHODS: All cluster RCTs where the healthcare facility was the unit of randomisation, published or written from 1990 to 2014, were assessed...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081816/integrative-medicine-for-postoperative-patients-a-survey-of-korean-medicine-doctors
#12
Sun-Young Moon, Kyung-Min Shin, Jae-Young Shin, O-Jin Kwon, Jun-Hwan Lee
The purpose of this survey was to document the experience of Korean Medicine doctors (KMD) who provided postoperative care to patients through integrative medicine and to understand their opinions about integrative medicine utilization. Three researchers (two with a KMD license) of the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine conducted the survey. The questionnaire was distributed via e-mail to the 17,041 members of the Association of Korean Medicine in 2015. In total, 487 KMD answered the questionnaires. The majority of respondents worked in a Korean Medicine (KM) clinic, KM hospital, or long-term care hospitals (94...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078875/validity-of-the-braden-scale-in-grading-pressure-ulcers-in-trauma-and-burn-patients
#13
Lauren H Griswold, Russell L Griffin, Thomas Swain, Jeffrey D Kerby
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers are a costly hospital-acquired condition in terms of clinical outcome and expense. The Braden Scale was developed in 1987 as a risk scoring method for pressure ulcers and uses six different risk factors: sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, nutrition, and friction and shear. A score of ≤18 is considered high risk. To date, research on the utility of the Braden Scale has focused on general medicine and nontrauma/burn surgery patients. We hypothesize that the Braden Scale does not accurately discriminate who will get a pressure ulcer among trauma and burn patients...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077292/-scientific-publication-output-of-spanish-emergency-physicians-from-2005-to-2014-a-comparative-study
#14
Inés María Fernández-Guerrero, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez, Guillermo Burillo-Putze, Òscar Miró Rafat Sellarés
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the research output of Spanish emergency physicians between 2005 and 2014 and to compare it to their output in the previous 10-year period (1995-2004) as well as to that of emergency physicians in other countries and Spanish physicians in other specialties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Original articles indexed in the Science Citation Index Expanded of the Web of Science were included. Documents from Spanish emergency physicians were identified by combining the word Spain and any other search term identifying an emergency service or unit in Spain...
October 2017: Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076122/-the-humboldtian-model-in-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-a-student-survey-on-teaching-and-venia-legendi
#15
Seyed Arash Alawi, Lukas Fabian Busch, Anne Limbourg, Andreas Jokuszies, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt
Background The workload of university hospitals and hospitals with university association includes clinical patient care as well as teaching and research in particular. The current development with focus on financial issues leads to a reduction of teaching and research capacities. Economic focus in university medicine changes priorities of academic surgery. Methods An online survey questioned medical students with regard to subjective assessment of quality of the academic body of university hospitals and current teaching quality...
October 26, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075851/prehabilitation-in-gynecological-surgery-what-do-gynecologists-know-and-need-to-know
#16
Florian Ebner, Sebastian Viktor Waldemar Schulz, Amelie de Gregorio, Sophia Volz, Jürgen Michael Steinacker, Wolfgang Janni, Stephanie Otto
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The self-quantification of patients is extending beyond the daily routine. More and more patients ask about the 'optimal' physical condition for an elective surgery. As the hysterectomy is one of the most common surgeries, a literature review was conducted to answer the question for the optimal surgical self preparation (prehabilitation). METHODS: A literature review with the search terms 'physical activity' or 'physical exercise' or 'sport' or 'prehabilitation' and 'hysterectomy' was conducted in the National Library of Medicine database (PubMed) and Web of science...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064799/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-the-results-of-videolaparoscopic-fundoplication-at-five-years-after-surgery
#17
Andriy R Stasyshyn
INTRODUCTION: GERD reduces social activity and significantly affects the quality of life (QOL) of patients and the risk of complications (cancer of the esophagus, esophageal-gastric bleeding, strictures, perforation) is one of the most pressing problems of medicine of XXI century. The aim of the research is to evaluate the results of videolaparoscopic fundoplication at five years after surgery in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied results of videolaparoscopic antireflux surgery (VLAS) during 2009-2016 years in Department of Surgery and Endoscopy Faculty of postgraduate medical education Lviv National Medical University...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059659/-post-stroke-spasticity-management-including-a-chosen-physiotherapeutic-methods-and-improvements-in-motor-control-review-of-the-current-scientific-evidence
#18
Robert Dymarek, Kuba Ptaszkowski, Lucyna Słupska, Małgorzata Paprocka-Borowicz, Jakub Taradaj, Tomasz Halski, Joanna Rosińczuk
Cerebrovascular diseases based on stroke etiology concern millions of people worldwide, and annual rates of disease are still increasing. In the era of an aging society and suffering from a number of risk factors, in particular those modifiable, strokes and muscles' spastic paresis, subsequently resulting in damage of upper motor neuron structures will become a serious problem for the entire health care system. Effective management and physiotherapy treatment for post-stroke spasticity persisted, both in the acute and chronic, is still a significant medical problem in the interdisciplinary aspect...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059114/findings-associated-with-knee-pathology-on-mri-in-patients-without-osteoarthritis
#19
James D Wylie, Christopher A Makarewich, Zach M Working, Lance Jacobson, Robert L Schmidt, Julia R Crim, Robert T Burks
INTRODUCTION: We conducted a retrospective study in patients with minimal or no radiographically evident knee osteoarthritis to determine whether presenting signs and symptoms were predictive of knee pathology that was evident on MRI and could be treated with nonarthroplasty knee surgery or could alter nonsurgical treatment. METHODS: We reviewed records of patients for whom sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons had ordered an MRI of the knee. Univariate analysis identified factors that were associated with positive MRI findings (eg, surgically treatable lesion, meniscal tear) or a finding that could alter treatment...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053520/plastic-surgery-management-of-victims-of-terrorist-violence-in-ankara-turkey
#20
Murat İğde, Ahmet Kaplan
Terror attacks have been progressively increasing worldwide through the present era. The management of the consequences of terrorism events is under debate in almost every scientific area. The organization and advancement of health services constitute important components of the crisis management. Similar to other specialty areas in medicine, the medical management of terrorist attacks is becoming important in terms of plastic and reconstructive surgery.Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has been subject to 2 terrorist events in public places within a year...
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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