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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533046/-are-language-disorders-in-alzheimer-s-disease-simply-aphasia
#1
REVIEW
Cyril Hazif-Thomas, Philippe Thomas
Alzheimer's disease is accompanied by gradual aphasia, becoming more severe when the cognitive disorders are more marked. However, the quality of care provided to the patient can modulate the evolution of these language difficulties. Aphasia is linked to a human communication deficiency and can be limited by taking into account the phatic function of language to keep the channels of communication open.
May 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533045/-evaluation-of-the-animal-assisted-therapy-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#2
Clémence Quibel, Marie Bonin, Magalie Bonnet, Maryse Gaimard, France Mourey, Isabelle Moesch, Pierre Ancet
Animal-assisted therapy sessions have been set up in a protected unit for patients with a dementia-related syndrome. The aim is to measure the effects of animal-assisted therapy on behavioural disorders in daily life and care. The results obtained provided some interesting areas to explore and recommendations with a view to optimising the implementation of such a system.
May 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533041/-alzheimer-s-disease-and-training-for-carers-in-a-rural-region
#3
Marie-Laure Lecat, Frank Pizon, Cédric Kempf
Alzheimer's disease or related diseases constitute a major public health issue at the heart of the 2014-2019 plan for neurodegenerative diseases. Family carers, seeing to the day-to-day care of their loved ones, require support, particularly in rural regions. A study carried out of these carers sought to understand their perception of Alzheimer's disease, their role, and in what ways their training can help to reduce their physical and mental exhaustion in order to improve their quality of life.
May 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532510/gender-differences-in-psychiatric-diagnoses-in-older-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-register-study
#4
Anna Axmon, Magnus Sandberg, Gerd Ahlström
BACKGROUND: Gender differences regarding psychiatric ill-health are well known in the general population. However, not much research is done on people with intellectual disability, and especially not among older people with intellectual disability. METHODS: People with intellectual disability aged 55+ years in 2012 in Sweden were identified through a register containing information on those receiving support and service for this type of disability. The cohort comprised 3609 women and 4327 men with mean age 65 and 64 years, respectively...
May 22, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532225/pneumonia-in-nursing-home-patients-with-advanced-dementia-decisions-intravenous-rehydration-therapy-and-discomfort
#5
Jenny T van der Steen, Paola Di Giulio, Fabrizio Giunco, Massimo Monti, Simona Gentile, Daniele Villani, Silvia Finetti, Francesca Pettenati, Lorena Charrier, Franco Toscani
BACKGROUND: Comfort may be an appropriate goal in advanced dementia. Longitudinal studies on physician decision-making and discomfort assessed by direct observation are rare, and intravenous rehydration therapy is controversial. METHODS: To assess treatment decisions and discomfort in patients with advanced dementia and pneumonia and to compare by intravenous rehydration therapy, we used data from the observational multicenter Italian End of Life Observatory-Prospective Study On DEmentia patients Care...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531237/burden-of-neurological-diseases-in-the-us-revealed-by-web-searches
#6
Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Puneet Mohan Sangal, Pablo Villoslada
BACKGROUND: Analyzing the disease-related web searches of Internet users provides insight into the interests of the general population as well as the healthcare industry, which can be used to shape health care policies. METHODS: We analyzed the searches related to neurological diseases and drugs used in neurology using the most popular search engines in the US, Google and Bing/Yahoo. RESULTS: We found that the most frequently searched diseases were common diseases such as dementia or Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), as well as medium frequency diseases with high social impact such as Parkinson's disease, MS and ALS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#7
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503675/costs-of-a-staff-communication-intervention-to-reduce-dementia-behaviors-in-nursing-home-care
#8
Kristine N Williams, Padmaja Ayyagari, Yelena Perkhounkova, Marjorie J Bott, Ruth Herman, Ann Bossen
CONTEXT: Persons with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias experience behavioral symptoms that frequently result in nursing home (NH) placement. Managing behavioral symptoms in the NH increases staff time required to complete care, and adds to staff stress and turnover, with estimated cost increases of 30%. The Changing Talk to Reduce Resistivenes to Dementia Care (CHAT) study found that an intervention that improved staff communication by reducing elderspeak led to reduced behavioral symptoms of dementia or resistiveness to care (RTC)...
2017: Journal of Nursing Home Research Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501754/expectant-futures-and-an-early-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-knowing-and-its-consequences
#9
Julia Swallow
Efforts to diagnose Alzheimer's disease (AD) at earlier stages as a means to managing the risks of an ageing population, dominate scientific research and healthcare policy in the UK. It is anticipated that early diagnosis will maximise treatment options and enable patients to 'prepare for their future' in terms of care. Drawing on qualitative data gathered across an out-patient memory service and in-patient hospital in the UK, the purpose of this paper is to examine the ways in which the hopeful promissory claims of early diagnosis as it maintains the dominant biomedical model for managing AD, are negotiated by healthcare practitioners...
May 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499566/effects-of-spiritual-group-therapy-on-caregiver-strain-in-home-caregivers-of-the-elderly-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Behrouz Mahdavi, Masoud Fallahi-Khoshknab, Farahnaz Mohammadi, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Marjan Haghi
INTRODUCTION: Care of patients with Alzheimer's disease is one of the most difficult types of care that exposes the caregiver to a high level of care strain. The present research aimed at determining the effect of spiritual care on caregiver strain of the elderly with Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: An experimental study was carried out on 100 caregivers who were selected by convenience sampling and randomly divided into intervention, control one and control two groups...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499316/-diagnostic-and-prescription-behavior-of-general-practitioners-and-specialist-physicians-in-patients-with-dementia-in-2005-and-2015-in-germany
#11
Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
Research Question Did the diagnostic and treatment behavior of general practitioners and specialists in patients with dementia (PWD) change in Germany over a period of 11 years (2005 vs. 2015)? Methods We performed a retrospective, database-based evaluation of diagnostic and prescription data from more than 398 general practices (GP) and 50 specialist practices (SP). Results Compared to 2005, in 2015, the number of PWD had increased by 40.7 % in GP and by 52.4 % in SP. The proportion of patients with DAT (Alzheimer's Disease) had increased from 45...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493090/-impaired-recognition-of-environmental-sounds-in-patients-with-dementia-i%C3%A2-can-hear-but-i%C3%A2-do-not-understand
#12
Birgit Dietz, Sarah Kohl, Johannes Mayer, Christoph Metzger, Hans Förstl, Janine Diehl-Schmid
BACKGROUND: Impairment of central auditory processing is a well-known symptom of neurodegenerative dementia; however, whilst numerous studies have examined verbal processing impairment, to date few have attempted to describe impairments of non-verbal, environmental sound recognition in patients with dementia. As these impairments may have direct implications on patient support and care, such studies are urgently necessary. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to determine whether the recognition of meaningful environmental sounds is impaired in patients with mild or early stage neurodegenerative dementia...
May 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491285/midlife-interventions-are-critical-in-prevention-delay-or-improvement-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#13
Sam Gandy, Tamas Bartfai, Graham V Lees, Mary Sano
The basic strategy for focusing exclusively on genetically identified targets for intervening in late life dementias was formulated 30 years ago.  Three decades and billions of dollars later, all efforts at disease-modifying interventions have failed.  Over that same period, evidence has accrued pointing to dementias as late-life clinical phenotypes that begin as midlife pathologies.  Effective prevention therefore may need to begin in midlife, in order to succeed. No current interventions are sufficiently safe to justify their use in midlife dementia prevention trials...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489317/pharmacogenomics-of-angiotensin-receptor-neprilysin-inhibitor-and-its-long-term-side-effects
#14
REVIEW
Chayakrit Krittanawong, Takeshi Kitai
The development of the promising agent sacubitril/valsartan, known as an angiotensin receptor blocker-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI), to improve heart failure (HF) management, may benefit morbidity, mortality, and readmission rates in patients with HF. The PARADIGM-HF trial demonstrated that the ARNI can reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), while ongoing PARAMOUNT and PARAGON-HF trials determined whether the ARNI has morbidity and mortality benefits in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
May 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486815/incident-use-of-a-potentially-inappropriate-medication-and-hip-fracture-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Virva Hyttinen, Heidi Taipale, Anna-Maija Tolppanen, Antti Tanskanen, Jari Tiihonen, Sirpa Hartikainen, Hannu Valtonen
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) increase the risk of adverse drug reactions and events and have been associated with greater health care service use, such as an increased risk of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between PIM use and hip fractures in a nationwide cohort of community-dwelling persons ≥65 years old with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: The study, which is based on the Finnish nationwide MEDALZ cohort, included all persons diagnosed with AD between 2005 and 2011 (n = 70 718)...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486240/dependence-stage-and-pharmacoeconomic-outcomes-in-patients-with-alzheimer-disease
#16
Tzeyu L Michaud, Robin High, Mary E Charlton, Daniel L Murman
The level of assistance patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) require in their care may be an important predictor of resource use, costs of care, and quality of life. The Dependence Scale (DS), a measure of care-assistance required, was used to estimate costs of care and quality of life of patients with AD categorized into 6 dependence stages based upon the summated item scores of the DS. Data were derived from a 3-year, noninterventional study of 132 patients with probable AD (ages, 50 to 85 y) and caregiver dyads...
May 8, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483100/caregiver-burden-in-alzheimer-type-dementia-and-psychosis-a-comparative-study-from-india
#17
P Sinha, N G Desai, O Prakash, S Kushwaha, C B Tripathi
BACKGROUND: Caregiver burden in dementia is an important area of research. Providing care for a relative can be a potent source of chronic stress and can have deleterious consequences for both the physical and emotional health of caregivers. This study aims to evaluate the burden of care in caregivers of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and compare it with elderly psychosis; and to also study the factors that influence burden of care in Alzheimer's dementia. METHODS: Thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of Alzheimer-type dementia were compared with thirty-two caregiver-patient dyads of psychosis...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474413/alzheimer-s-disease-individuals-dyads-communities-and-costs
#18
Christopher M Callahan
Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) affect over 5 million Americans. Over a typical disease course of 5-10 years, family caregivers provide the majority of the day-to-day hands-on on care for persons with dementia. Most caregivers enter this complex role with little training and inadequate household resources and they are tasked to navigate a fragmented health care system as well as a patchwork of community services. Our nation can and should do more to help family caregivers provide care in the home to their loved ones who suffer from dementia...
May 5, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471760/magnesium-supplementation-in-vitamin-d-deficiency
#19
Pramod Reddy, Linda R Edwards
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D and magnesium (Mg) are some of the most studied topics in medicine with enormous implications for human health and disease. Majority of the adults are deficient in both vitamin D and magnesium but continue to go unrecognized by many health care professionals. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Mg and vitamin D are used by all the organs in the body, and their deficiency states may lead to several chronic medical conditions. Studies described in the literature regarding these disease associations are contradictory, and reversal of any of these conditions may not occur for several years after adequate replacement...
May 3, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461128/cognitive-emotional-and-neural-benefits-of-musical-leisure-activities-in-aging-and-neurological-rehabilitation-a-critical-review
#20
REVIEW
Teppo Särkämö
Music has the capacity to engage auditory, cognitive, motor, and emotional functions across cortical and subcortical brain regions and is relatively preserved in aging and dementia. Thus, music is a promising tool in the rehabilitation of aging-related neurological illnesses, such as stroke and Alzheimer disease. As the population ages and the incidence and prevalence of these illnesses rapidly increases, music-based interventions that are enjoyable and effective in the everyday care of the patients are needed...
April 28, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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