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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421807/los-antioxidantes-en-el-proceso-de-patolog%C3%A3-as-oculares
#1
Ana Fernández-Araque, Andrea Giaquinta Aranda, Consuelo Laudo Pardo, Abel Rojo Aragüés
Introducción: la influencia de los antioxidantes en los procesos oculares ha tomado en los últimos años una relevancia importante por sus efectos en la salud visual. El estrés oxidativo es un factor implicado en el desarrollo de las principales patologías tales como cataratas, glaucoma y degeneración macular asociada a la edad (DMAE).Objetivo: establecer la evidencia científica que existe sobre los distintos tipos de antioxidantes y sus efectos en procesos patológicos oculares mediante una revisión sistemática...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421803/factores-de-riesgo-relacionados-con-los-h%C3%A3-bitos-de-vida-en-pacientes-con-patolog%C3%A3-a-osteomuscular
#2
María Teresa Nestares, Macarena Salinas, Carlos De Teresa, Javier Díaz-Castro, Jorge Moreno-Fernández, Magdalena López-Frías
Introducción: las enfermedades osteomusculares (EOM) engloban una serie de patologías discapacitantes con alta incidencia y prevalencia, representando un alto costo económico y social. Es fundamental su prevención, por lo que es de gran interés determinar factores de riesgo modificables, como son los relacionados con los hábitos de vida.Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo y trasversal en 91 pacientes seleccionados mediante muestreo aleatorio sistemático y que fueron distribuidos en tres grupos experimentales según la causa y evolución de su EOM (cervicalgia, gonalgia y lumbalgia)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421802/capital-psicol%C3%A3-gico-y-su-relaci%C3%A3-n-con-el-estilo-de-vida-de-universitarios-mexicanos
#3
Joel Omar González-Cantero, Roberto Oropeza Tena, Ferran Padrós Blázquez, Cecilia Colunga Rodríguez, Roberto Montes Delgado, Víctor Hugo González-Becerra
Introducción: en algunos estudios se ha reportado que los universitarios no tienen un estilo de vida saludable (EVS) por lo que es necesario identificar no solo las variables psicosociales negativas, sino también las variables de Psicología Positiva que pueden favorecerlo.Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre el capital psicológico (CapPsi) y el estilo de vida (EV) de estudiantes universitarios mexicanos.Método: se realizó un estudio transversal y correlacional con 320 estudiantes de una universidad pública...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410973/the-influence-of-relationship-power-and-partner-communication-on-the-syndemic-factor-among-hispanic-women
#4
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Brian E McCabe, Esther Mathurin, Summer D DeBastiani, Nilda Peragallo Montano
BACKGROUND: This study expands research on the substance abuse, intimate partner violence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and depression syndemic theory for Hispanic women. We hypothesized relationship power and partner communication would be related to the syndemic. METHODS: Data were used from the baseline assessment of an effectiveness trial of SEPA (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Prevención/Prevention, and Autocuidado/Self-care), an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk reduction program for Hispanic women...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395917/-compliance-with-recommendations-in-secondary-prevention-of-stroke-in-primary-care
#5
Carmen Tamayo-Ojeda, Neus Parellada-Esquius, Betlem Salvador-González, Pilar Ángeles Oriol-Torón, M Dolores Rodríguez-Garrido, Dolores Muñoz-Segura
OBJECTIVE: Knowing compliance with secondary prevention recommendations of stroke in primary care and to identify factors associated with compliance. DESIGN: Multi-centre cross-sectional. SETTING: Health primary care centres in a metropolitan area (944,280 inhabitants). PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged 18years and over with ischemic brain disease diagnosis prior to 6months before the study. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Clinical history records of demographic variables, risk factors and cardiovascular comorbidity, drugs, blood pressure values (BP), LDL-cholesterol and medical visits by doctor and nurses after the event...
April 7, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392547/chromium-exposure-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-subjects%C3%A3-nested-case-control-study-in-the-prevention-with-mediterranean-diet-predimed-study
#6
Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Carlos Muñoz-Bravo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Alberto Mariscal, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Ramón Estruch, Dolores Corella, Fernando Arós, Monserrat Fito, José Lapetra, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Ángel Alonso-Gómez, Olga Portoles, Miquel Fiol, Mónica Bulló, Olga Castañer, Emilio Ros, Enrique Gómez-Gracia
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on chromium (Cr) exposure and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are still limited. Toenail Cr level (TCL) provides a time-integrated measure reflecting long-term Cr exposure. We measured TCL to assess the hypothesis that long-term Cr exposure was inversely associated with incident CVD in a population at high risk for CVD.Methods and Results:The associations between TCL and CVD were evaluated in a case-control study nested within the "PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea" (PREDIMED) trial...
April 8, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392166/legume-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-incidence-in-adults-a-prospective-assessment-from-the-predimed-study
#7
Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Andrés Díaz-López, Núria Rosique-Esteban, Emilio Ros, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Javier Díez-Espino, Olga Portoles, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and low glycemic index food, have shown beneficial effects on glycemic control and adiposity. As such, legumes are widely recommended in diabetic diets, even though there is little evidence that their consumption protects against type 2 diabetes. Therefore the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between consumption of total legumes and specific subtypes, and type 2 diabetes risk. We also investigated the effect of theoretically substituting legumes for other protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334298/distribution-and-persistence-of-sterile-screwworms-diptera-calliphoridae-released-at-the-panama-colombia-border
#8
Steven R Skoda, Pamela L Phillips, Agustin Sagel, Muhammad F Chaudhury
The sterile insect technique is used by the Comisión Panamá - Estados Unidos para la Erradicación y Prevención del Gusano Barrenador del Ganado (COPEG) to maintain a barrier at the border of Panama and Colombia to prevent screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), from South America reinfesting North America. Before studying the distribution and persistence of sterilized, mass-produced screwworms released in the barrier zone, the utility of applying fluorescent dust (∼1.0 mg/fly) to pupae and to newly emerged adults was evaluated to determine the potential effect on fly survival...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323949/plasma-arginine-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-ratio-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-events-a-case-cohort-study
#9
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Frank B Hu, Clary B Clish, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Adela Hruby, Montserrat Fitó, Liming Liang, Estefania Toledo, Emilio Ros, Ramón Estruch, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Jose Lapetra, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluís Serra-Majem, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Dong D Wang, Miguel A Martínez-González
CONTEXT: Arginine, its methylated metabolites and other metabolites related to the urea cycle have been independently associated with cardiovascular risk, but the potential causal meaning of these associations (positive for some metabolites and negative for others) remains elusive due to a lack of studies measuring metabolite changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between baseline and 1-year concentrations of urea cycle metabolites and cardiovascular disease in a case-cohort setting...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292529/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#10
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Camafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
March 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288977/prediction-of-cardiovascular-disease-by-the-framingham-regicor-equation-in-the-high-risk-predimed-cohort-impact-of-the-mediterranean-diet-across-different-risk-strata
#11
Antonio J Amor, Mercè Serra-Mir, Miguel A Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Montserrat Fitó, Ramón Estruch, Lluis Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Nancy Babio, Emilio Ros, Emilio Ortega
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of cardiovascular disease (CVD) predictive equations in different populations is debatable. We assessed the efficacy of the Framingham-REGICOR scale, validated for the Spanish population, to identify future CVD in participants, who were predefined as being at high-risk in the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study-a nutrition-intervention primary prevention trial-and the impact of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on CVD across risk categories...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284909/discordance-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-abdominal-obesity-prevalence-according-to-different-criteria-in-andean-highlanders-a-community-based-study
#12
Karela Herrera-Enriquez, Offdan Narvaez-Guerra
AIMS: There is no consensus as to which Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) definition to use for South-American populations. The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of MetS and abdominal obesity using different criteria in Andean adults aged 40 and older living permanently at high altitude. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Chivay (Andean highlands). 237 participants were included. Anthropometric measurements, glucose and lipid assessments were done in all subjects...
March 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244786/prevalencia-de-las-declaraciones-nutricionales-en-la-prevenci%C3%A3-n-de-la-obesidad-en-el-mercado-espa%C3%A3-ol
#13
Belinda Lopéz-Galán, Tiziana De Magistris
Introducción: a pesar de que estudios anteriores han proporcionado información relevante respecto al avance en la aplicación del Reglamento (CE) n.o 1924/2006 de la Unión Europea, hasta ahora no se ha determinado la prevalencia de las declaraciones nutricionales relevantes en la prevención de la obesidad en el mercado español.Objetivo: determinar la presencia de las declaraciones nutricionales relevantes en la prevención de la obesidad en el mercado español.Materiales y métodos: se realizó un registro de productos alimenticios comercializados en 3 cadenas de distribución alimentaria que concentran el 40% del mercado...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218645/mediterranean-diet-and-phase-angle-in-a-sample-of-adult-population-results-of-a-pilot-study
#14
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Carolina Di Somma, Andrea Falco, Maria Cristina Savanelli, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
The Mediterranean diet is a healthy dietary pattern known to actively modulate the cell membrane properties. Phase angle (PhA) is a direct measure by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) used as marker of cell membrane integrity. Both food behaviour and PhA are influenced by age, sex and body weight. The aim of this study was to cross-sectionally evaluate the association between the adherence to Mediterranean diet and PhA in 1013 healthy adult patients stratified according to sex, age, and body mass index (BMI)...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202478/total-and-subtypes-of-dietary-fat-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#15
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Dolores Corella, Helmut Schröder, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Josep Basora, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Olga Portoles, Montserrat Fitó, Frank B Hu, Lluís Forga, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Background: The associations between dietary fat and cardiovascular disease have been evaluated in several studies, but less is known about their influence on the risk of diabetes.Objective: We examined the associations between total fat, subtypes of dietary fat, and food sources rich in saturated fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D).Design: A prospective cohort analysis of 3349 individuals who were free of diabetes at baseline but were at high cardiovascular risk from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study was conducted...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193797/mediterranean-diet-improves-high-density-lipoprotein-function-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Álvaro Hernáez, Olga Castañer, Roberto Elosua, Xavier Pintó, Ramón Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Fernando Arós, Lluis Serra-Majem, Miquel Fiol, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Rafael de la Torre, M Carmen López-Sabater, Montserrat Fitó
BACKGROUND: The biological functions of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) contribute to explaining the cardioprotective role of the lipoprotein beyond quantitative HDL cholesterol levels. A few small-scale interventions with a single antioxidant have improved some HDL functions. However, to date, no long-term, large-scale, randomized controlled trial has been conducted to assess the effects of an antioxidant-rich dietary pattern (such as a traditional Mediterranean diet [TMD]) on HDL function in humans...
February 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181167/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-methylation-changes-in-inflammation-related-genes-in-peripheral-blood-cells
#17
A Arpón, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, C Razquin, M A Martínez-González, D Corella, R Estruch, R Casas, M Fitó, E Ros, J Salas-Salvadó, J A Martínez
Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, might be modulated by environmental factors such as the diet, which in turn have been associated with the onset of several diseases such as obesity or cardiovascular events. Meanwhile, Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has demonstrated favourable effects on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure, inflammation and other complications related to excessive adiposity. Some of these effects could be mediated by epigenetic modifications. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the adherence to MedDiet is associated with changes in the methylation status from peripheral blood cells...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179491/increases-in-plasma-tryptophan-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#18
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Yan Zheng, Estefania Toledo, Clary B Clish, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluis Serra-Majem, Jose V Sorlí, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
Background: During development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), interferon-γ-mediated inflammation accelerates degradation of tryptophan into downstream metabolites. A Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consisting of a high intake of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), nuts, fruits, vegetables, and cereals has been demonstrated to lower the risk of CVD. The longitudinal relation between tryptophan and its downstream metabolites and CVD in the context of a MedDiet is unstudied.Objective: We sought to investigate the relation between metabolites in the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway and CVD in the context of a MedDiet pattern...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177055/telephone-interventions-for-adherence-to-colpocytological-examination
#19
Thais Marques Lima, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
Objective: to test the effects of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone on adherence of women with inappropriate periodicity to colpocytological examination. Method: quasi-experimental study with a sample of 524 women, selected with the following inclusion criteria: be aged between 25 and 64 years, have initiated sexual activity, have inappropriate periodicity of examination and have mobile or landline phone. The women were divided into two groups for application of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone...
February 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173956/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#20
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Cammafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
February 4, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
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