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Lucía Amelia Cid Gómez, Nereida Fernández Fernández, Vicent Hernández Ramírez
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. In an attempt to raise awareness on this situation, and to implement preventive measures, March 31st has been established as international colorectal cancer awareness day. Our country, with the Spanish "Alianza para la Prevención del Cáncer de Colon", pioneered in 2008 an institution that brought together scientific and civil societies to pursue this goal. A stabilization, even a decrease in the incidence and mortality of this condition has been reported in western countries for the last few years, which may be attributed to a number of highly relevant factors...
February 21, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Arturo Gálvez-Rosas, Aurelio Tirzo Serrano-Miranda, Carlos Ridaura-Valencia, Eva Elizabeth Mundo-Fernández, Everardo Barojas-Weber
Objetivo: Determinar la asociación de las enfermedades sistémicas, así como la ingesta de alcohol y tabaquismo, con- glaucoma primario de ángulo abierto (GPAA) en adultos mayores de 40 años. Método: Se revisaron los expedientes de pacientes mayores de 40 años de primera vez con diagnóstico de glaucoma que asistieron al servicio de oftalmología del Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación. La información se consiguió mediante el sistema automatizado de información hospitalaria, que incluyó variables sociodemográficas y clínicas...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
Angeliki Papadaki, Laura Johnson, Zoi Toumpakari, Clare England, Manmita Rai, Stu Toms, Chris Penfold, Itziar Zazpe, Miguel A Martínez-González, Gene Feder
The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the English version of the PREvencion con DIetaMEDiterranea (PREDIMED) 14-item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS), a brief questionnaire assessing adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), which was used in the PREDIMED trial for assessment and immediate feedback. This instrument (MEDAS) was administered to 96 adults with a high cardiovascular risk (66% women, mean age 68.3 ± 6.0 years), recruited from general practices in Bristol, UK. Participants then completed a 3-day estimated food record, and the MEDAS was administered again one month later...
January 28, 2018: Nutrients
Christopher Papandreou, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Mònica Bulló, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Helmut Schroder, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Miquel Fiol, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jose V Sorli, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited prospective studies have examined the association between legumes consumption and mortality, whereas scarce, if at all, previous studies have evaluated such associations taking into consideration specific grain legumes. We aimed to investigate the association between total legumes consumption and grain legumes species (dry beans, chickpeas, lentils, and fresh peas) with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and other-cause mortality among elderly Mediterranean individuals at high CVD risk...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Dolores Corella, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Oscar Coltell, Carolina Ortega-Azorín, Ramón Estruch, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, José V Sorlí, Olga Castañer, Fernando Arós, Franscisco J Garcia-Corte, Lluís Serra-Majem, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Xavier Pintó, Guillermo T Saez, Estefanía Toledo, Josep Basora, Montserrat Fitó, Montserrat Cofán, Emilio Ros, Jose M Ordovas
BACKGROUND: Oxidatively induced DNA damage, an important factor in cancer etiology, is repaired by oxyguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1). The lower repair capacity genotype (homozygote Cys326Cys) in the OGG1-rs1052133 (Ser326Cys) polymorphism has been associated with cancer risk. However, no information is available in relation to cancer mortality, other causes of death, and modulation by diet. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association of the OGG1-rs1052133 with total, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and to analyze its modulation by the Mediterranean diet, focusing especially on total vegetable intake as one of the main characteristics of this diet...
January 2, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Ana Arpón, Fermín I Milagro, Cristina Razquin, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Amelia Marti, Miguel A Martínez-González, Emilio Ros, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, José-Ignacio Riezu-Boj, J Alfredo Martínez
DNA methylation could be reversible and mouldable by environmental factors, such as dietary exposures. The objective was to analyse whether an intervention with two Mediterranean diets, one rich in extra-virgin olive oil (MedDiet + EVOO) and the other one in nuts (MedDiet + nuts), was influencing the methylation status of peripheral white blood cells (PWBCs) genes. A subset of 36 representative individuals were selected within the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED-Navarra) trial, with three intervention groups in high cardiovascular risk volunteers: MedDiet + EVOO, MedDiet + nuts, and a low-fat control group...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, Josefina Medina-Lezama, Julio A Chirinos-Pacheco, Paola V Muñoz-Retamozo, Liam Smeeth, William Checkley, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) represents a great burden for the patient and the health system, particularly if diagnosed at late stages. Consequently, tools to identify patients at high risk of having CKD are needed, particularly in limited-resources settings where laboratory facilities are scarce. This study aimed to develop a risk score for prevalent undiagnosed CKD using data from four settings in Peru: a complete risk score including all associated risk factors and another excluding laboratory-based variables...
November 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Emily A Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Emilio Ros, Montse Fitó, Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, Ramon Estruch, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Lapetra, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Cristina Razquin, Mònica Bulló, José V Sorlí, Helmut Schröder, Casey M Rebholz, Estefania Toledo
Background: Potatoes have a high glycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means ± SDs) of 42...
December 2017: Journal of Nutrition
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
other: There is evidence that support the clinical usage of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in the prevention of chronic disease. Objective: To determine the GI and GL of the Opuntia ficus-indica fruit. Methodology: An analytic, transversal study was made involving 25 healthy volunteers accepted by an informed consent with a normal body mass index, glucose, glycoside hemoglobin, cholesterol and serum triglycerides. The homogeneity of the population was evaluated with anthropometrical and biochemical data using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
Núria Bargalló, Rosa Gilabert, Edwin-Saúl Romero-Mamani, Montserrat Cofán, Philip C Calder, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
Supplemental marine omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has an anti-atherosclerotic effect. Clinical research on EPA supplied by the regular diet and atherosclerosis is scarce. In the framework of the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) trial, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 161 older individuals at high vascular risk grouped into different stages of carotid atherosclerosis severity, including those without ultrasound-detected atheroma plaque (n = 38), with plaques <2.0 mm thick (n = 65), and with plaques ≥2...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
Lili M Sardiñas, Viviana Padilla, Mari Aponte, Ana Morales Boscio, Coralee Pérez Pedrogo, Betzaida Santiago, Ángela Pérez Morales, Paloma Torres Dávila, Marizaida Sánchez Cesáreo
There are more people in the world in the youth stage of development than in any other stage of development. The youth in Puerto Rico faces many situations that affect their development and readiness for adulthood. Therefore, it's imperative to identify evidence-based positive youth development interventions to develop practices that help young people prevent adverse situations, promote positive experiences and encourage children and young people to be involved and committed. One hundred and forty seven interventions were identified through a traditional scientific literature review...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
Estefanía Toledo, Dong D Wang, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Clary B Clish, Cristina Razquin, Yan Zheng, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Adela Hruby, Dolores Corella, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra, Montserrat Fito, Fernando Aros, Luis Serra-Majem, Liming Liang, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González
Background: Lipid metabolites may partially explain the inverse association between the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: We evaluated the associations between 1 ) lipid species and the risk of CVD (myocardial infarction, stroke, or cardiovascular death); 2 ) a MedDiet intervention [supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) or nuts] and 1-y changes in these molecules; and 3 ) 1-y changes in lipid species and subsequent CVD. Design: With the use of a case-cohort design, we profiled 202 lipid species at baseline and after 1 y of intervention in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial in 983 participants [230 cases and a random subcohort of 790 participants (37 overlapping cases)]...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Aline de Oliveira Meireles Pires, Maria Beatriz Guimarães Ferreira, Kleiton Gonçalves do Nascimento, Márcia Marques Dos Santos Felix, Patrícia da Silva Pires, Maria Helena Barbosa
Objective: to elaborate and validate a checklist to identify compliance with the recommendations for the structure of medication prescriptions, based on the Protocol of the Ministry of Health and the Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency. Method: methodological research, conducted through the validation and reliability analysis process, using a sample of 27 electronic prescriptions. Results: the analyses confirmed the content validity and reliability of the tool...
August 3, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Irene Cantero, Itziar Abete, Nancy Babio, Fernando Arós, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montse Fitó, James R Hebert, M Ángel Martínez-González, Xavier Pintó, M Puy Portillo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Nitin Shivappa, Julia Wärnberg, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, J Antoni Tur, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, M Angeles Zulet, J Alfredo Martínez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To assess the possible association between a validated Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and specific dietary components with suitable non-invasive markers of liver status in overweight and obese subjects within the PREDIMED study. METHODS: A cross-sectional study encompassing 794 randomized overweight and obese participants (mean ± SD age: 67.0 ± 5.0 y, 55% females) from the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) trial was conducted...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Luigi Barrea, Giovanni Tarantino, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Andrea Falco, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
PURPOSE: This study was aimed at evaluating sirtuin 4 (Sirt4) levels in obese individuals, in relation to their adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), a healthy dietary pattern characterized by high antioxidant capacity, and markers of visceral fat storage. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Forty-three obese patients (44% males; BMI: 36.7-58.8 kg/m(2)) were consecutively included. PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) and the 7-day food records were used to assess the adherence to MD and dietary pattern, respectively...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Enrique Almanza-Aguilera, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Rafael Llorach, Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Francesc Carmona, Alex Sanchez, Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Ramon Estruch, Dolores Corella, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
The study of biomarkers of dietary patterns including the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is scarce and could improve the assessment of these patterns. Moreover, it could provide a better understanding of health benefits of dietary patterns in nutritional epidemiology. We aimed to determine a robust and accurate biomarker associated with a high adherence to a MedDiet pattern that included dietary assessment and its biological effect. In this cross-sectional study, we included 56 and 63 individuals with high (H-MDA) and low (L-MDA) MedDiet adherence categories, respectively, all from the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea trial...
October 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Pragna Patel, Pedro Ordunez, Donald DiPette, María Cristina Escobar, Trevor Hassell, Fernando Wyss, Anselm Hennis, Samira Asma, Sonia Angell
Hypertension is the leading remediable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, affecting more than 1 billion people worldwide, and is responsible for more than 10 million preventable deaths globally each year. While hypertension can be successfully diagnosed and treated, only one in seven persons with hypertension have controlled blood pressure. To meet the challenge of improving the control of hypertension, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, the authors developed the Standardized Hypertension Treatment and Prevention Project, which involves a health systems-strengthening approach that advocates for standardized hypertension management using evidence-based interventions...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Andressa Magalhães Teixeira, Rosangela Tsukamoto, Camila Takáo Lopes, Rita de Cassia Gengo E Silva
Objective: to identify evidence in the literature on the possible risk factors for the risk of unstable blood glucose diagnosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to compare them with the risk factors described by NANDA International. Method: an integrative literature review guided by the question: what are the risk factors for unstable blood glucose level in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Primary studies were included whose outcomes were variations in glycemic levels, published in English, Portuguese or Spanish, in PubMed or CINAHL between 2010 and 2015...
June 5, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Beatriz Torres Torres, Olatz Izaola Jáuregu, Daniel A De Luis Román
La prevención y el tratamiento de la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en pacientes con diabetes ha sido un tema de gran interés a lo largo de los años. Para conseguir un adecuado control glucémico, una función renal estable y una reducción del riesgo cardiovascular, es fundamental un correcto aporte de hidratos de carbono, lípidos y proteínas. Las medidas dietéticas realizadas se irán modificando a lo largo de la evolución de la ERC. La malnutrición energético-proteica es muy frecuente en pacientes con ERC y diabetes y es un importante predictor de morbimortalidad...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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