keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prevencion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218645/mediterranean-diet-and-phase-angle-in-a-sample-of-adult-population-results-of-a-pilot-study
#1
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Carolina Di Somma, Andrea Falco, Maria Cristina Savanelli, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
The Mediterranean diet is a healthy dietary pattern known to actively modulate the cell membrane properties. Phase angle (PhA) is a direct measure by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) used as marker of cell membrane integrity. Both food behaviour and PhA are influenced by age, sex and body weight. The aim of this study was to cross-sectionally evaluate the association between the adherence to Mediterranean diet and PhA in 1013 healthy adult patients stratified according to sex, age, and body mass index (BMI)...
February 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202478/total-and-subtypes-of-dietary-fat-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#2
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Dolores Corella, Helmut Schröder, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Josep Basora, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Olga Portoles, Montserrat Fitó, Frank B Hu, Lluís Forga, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Background: The associations between dietary fat and cardiovascular disease have been evaluated in several studies, but less is known about their influence on the risk of diabetes.Objective: We examined the associations between total fat, subtypes of dietary fat, and food sources rich in saturated fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D).Design: A prospective cohort analysis of 3349 individuals who were free of diabetes at baseline but were at high cardiovascular risk from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study was conducted...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193797/mediterranean-diet-improves-high-density-lipoprotein-function-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Álvaro Hernáez, Olga Castañer, Roberto Elosua, Xavier Pintó, Ramón Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Fernando Arós, Lluis Serra-Majem, Miquel Fiol, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Rafael de la Torre, M Carmen López-Sabater, Montserrat Fitó
BACKGROUND: The biological functions of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) contribute to explaining the cardioprotective role of the lipoprotein beyond quantitative HDL cholesterol levels. A few small-scale interventions with a single antioxidant have improved some HDL functions. However, to date, no long-term, large-scale, randomized controlled trial has been conducted to assess the effects of an antioxidant-rich dietary pattern (such as a traditional Mediterranean diet [TMD]) on HDL function in humans...
February 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181167/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-methylation-changes-in-inflammation-related-genes-in-peripheral-blood-cells
#4
A Arpón, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, C Razquin, M A Martínez-González, D Corella, R Estruch, R Casas, M Fitó, E Ros, J Salas-Salvadó, J A Martínez
Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, might be modulated by environmental factors such as the diet, which in turn have been associated with the onset of several diseases such as obesity or cardiovascular events. Meanwhile, Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has demonstrated favourable effects on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure, inflammation and other complications related to excessive adiposity. Some of these effects could be mediated by epigenetic modifications. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the adherence to MedDiet is associated with changes in the methylation status from peripheral blood cells...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179491/increases-in-plasma-tryptophan-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#5
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Yan Zheng, Estefania Toledo, Clary B Clish, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluis Serra-Majem, Jose V Sorlí, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
Background: During development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), interferon-γ-mediated inflammation accelerates degradation of tryptophan into downstream metabolites. A Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consisting of a high intake of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), nuts, fruits, vegetables, and cereals has been demonstrated to lower the risk of CVD. The longitudinal relation between tryptophan and its downstream metabolites and CVD in the context of a MedDiet is unstudied.Objective: We sought to investigate the relation between metabolites in the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway and CVD in the context of a MedDiet pattern...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177055/telephone-interventions-for-adherence-to-colpocytological-examination
#6
Thais Marques Lima, Ana Izabel Oliveira Nicolau, Francisco Herlânio Costa Carvalho, Camila Teixeira Moreira Vasconcelos, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
Objective: to test the effects of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone on adherence of women with inappropriate periodicity to colpocytological examination. Method: quasi-experimental study with a sample of 524 women, selected with the following inclusion criteria: be aged between 25 and 64 years, have initiated sexual activity, have inappropriate periodicity of examination and have mobile or landline phone. The women were divided into two groups for application of behavioral and educational intervention by telephone...
February 6, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173956/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#7
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Cammafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
February 4, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143667/extra-virgin-olive-oil-consumption-reduces-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fractures-in-the-predimed-trial
#8
J F García-Gavilán, M Bulló, S Canudas, M A Martínez-González, R Estruch, S Giardina, M Fitó, D Corella, E Ros, J Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The incidence of osteoporotic fractures is lower in countries in the Mediterranean basin. Virgin olive oil, a key component of the Mediterranean Diet (MDiet), with recognised beneficial effects on metabolism and cardiovascular health, may decrease the risk of osteoporotic fractures. The aim to this study was to explore the effect of chronic consumption of total olive oil and its varieties on the risk of osteoporosis-related fractures in a middle-aged and elderly Mediterranean population...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133855/mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-heart-failure-results-from-the-predimed-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Angeliki Papadaki, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Angel Alonso-Gómez, Javier Rekondo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Emilio Ros, Montse Fitó, Ramon Estruch, José Lapetra, Antonio García-Rodriguez, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Monica Bulló, Mercè Serra-Mir, Jose V Sorlí, Fernando Arós
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on the incidence of heart failure (HF), a pre-specified secondary outcome in the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) primary nutrition-intervention prevention trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants at high risk of cardiovascular disease were randomly assigned to one of three diets: MedDiet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), MedDiet supplemented with nuts, or a low-fat control diet...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078804/a-low-protein-diet-induces-body-weight-loss-and-browning-of-subcutaneous-white-adipose-tissue-through-enhanced-expression-of-hepatic-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-fgf21
#10
Albert Pérez-Martí, Maite Garcia-Guasch, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Alexandra Carrilho-Do-Rosário, Ramon Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Rosa Lamuela-Raventós, Pedro F Marrero, Diego Haro, Joana Relat
SCOPE: Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is considered a promising therapeutic candidate for the treatment of obesity. Since FGF21 production is regulated by various nutritional factors, we analyze the impact of low protein intake on circulating levels of this growth hormone in mice and in a sub cohort of the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) trial. We also describe the role of hepatic FGF21 in metabolic adaptation to a low-protein diet (LPD). METHODS AND RESULTS: We fed control and liver-specific Fgf21 knockout (LFgf21KO) mice a LPD...
January 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041856/associations-between-both-lignan-and-yogurt%C3%A2-consumption-and-cardiovascular-risk%C3%A2-parameters-in-an-elderly-population-observations-from-a-cross-sectional-approach%C3%A2-in-the-predimed-study
#11
Anna Creus-Cuadros, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Paola Quifer-Rada, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Montse Fitó, Ramon Estruch, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, Emili Ros, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Juan José Moreno, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jose Vicente Sorli, Josep Basora, Helmut Schröder, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós
BACKGROUND: The study of dietary patterns is gaining interest. Although the health benefits of yogurt and lignans have been investigated separately, to our knowledge there are no studies on their associative effects. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate a possible association between yogurt and lignans using biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk in an elderly population. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the association between baseline dietary information and cardiovascular risk parameters using food frequency questionnaires...
December 29, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032876/evaluaci%C3%A3-n-de-las-evidencias-y-calidad-de-las-gu%C3%A3-as-de-pr%C3%A3-ctica-cl%C3%A3-nica-sobre-deterioro-de-la-integridad-cut%C3%A3-nea-%C3%A3%C2%BAlceras-y-heridas-cr%C3%A3-nicas
#12
J M Rumbo Prieto, M Romero Martín, D Bellido Guerrero, L Arantón Areosa, C D Raña Lama, F Palomar Llatas
Fundamento. La situación epidemiológica, sociosanitaria y económica que rodea al deterioro de la integridad cutánea supone un gran problema para el sistema sanitario. Su prevención y tratamiento crea incertidumbre y variabilidad profesional siendo prioritario contar con buenas Guías de Práctica Clínica (GPC). El objetivo fue conocer la calidad de las GPC sobre prevención y tratamiento de úlceras por presión (UPP), úlceras venosas de la pierna (UVP) y úlceras de pie diabético (UPD). Metodología...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032870/factores-perinatales-y-su-influencia-en-la-obesidad-infantil-estudio-de-casos-y-controles
#13
S Solano Nortes, T Lacruz Gascón, M Blanco Hurtado, T Moreno Ortega, B Real, M Graell Berna, A R Sepúlveda García
Fundamento. La etiología de la obesidad infantil es compleja y se encuentra implicada la interacción de factores genéticos y ambientales. Las complicaciones obstétricas se han asociado al desarrollo de trastornos mentales y médicos, incluida la obesidad. El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar la asociación entre las complicaciones durante el embarazo y el parto y el desarrollo de obesidad infantil.Participantes y método. Se presentan los datos de un estudio de casos y controles compuesto por 60 madres de niños con obesidad comparado con 92 madres de niños controles con normopeso y con edades comprendidas entre los 8 y 12 años...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017552/-spanish-adaptation-of-the-2016-european-guidelines-on-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-in-clinical-practice
#14
M Á Royo-Bordonada, P Armario, J M Lobos Bejarano, J Pedro-Botet, F Villar Alvarez, R Elosua, C Brotons Cuixart, O Cortés, B Serrano, M Cammafort Babkowski, A Gil Núñez, A Pérez, A Maiques, A de Santiago Nocito, A Castro, E Alegría, C Baeza, M Herranz, S Sans, P Campos
The VI European Guidelines for Cardiovascular Prevention recommend combining population and high-risk strategies with lifestyle changes as a cornerstone of prevention, and propose the SCORE function to quantify cardiovascular risk. The guidelines highlight disease specific interventions, and conditions as women, young people and ethnic minorities. Screening for subclinical atherosclerosis with noninvasive imaging techniques is not recommended. The guidelines distinguish four risk levels (very high, high, moderate and low) with therapeutic objectives for lipid control according to risk...
January 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000470/%C3%A2-se-relaciona-el-trastorno-por-atrac%C3%A3-n-con-la-adherencia-a-la-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-en-estudiantes-universitarios
#15
Ana Zaragoza-Martí, Miriam Sánchez-SanSegundo, Rosario Ferrer-Cascales
Introducción: el trastorno por atracón o "Binge Eating Disorders" (BED) se caracteriza por el consumo de grandes cantidades de comida en un breve periodo de tiempo acompañado de una sensación de falta de control sobre la ingesta. El BED se relaciona con una alimentación poco equilibrada, contribuyendo a la aparición de diversas patologías. La alimentación y los estilos de vida desempeñan un factor clave en la prevención de estas patologías, siendo la dieta mediterránea (DM) uno de los estándares de la alimentación saludable...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000469/tablas-de-referencia-para-aspectos-antropom%C3%A3-tricos-y-de-condici%C3%A3-n-f%C3%A3-sica-en-estudiantes-varones-chilenos-de-10-a-14-a%C3%A3-os
#16
Claudio Hernández Mosqueira, Dagoberto Hernández Vasquez, Alexis Caniuqueo Vargas, Humberto Castillo Quezada, Sandro Fernandes Da Silva, Gustavo Pavez-Adasme, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Jaime Cárcamo-Oyarzún, José Fernandes Filho
Introducción: Chile en las últimas décadas ha experimentado un cambio en su perfil epidemiológico nutricional, pasando de una situación caracterizada por una elevada prevalencia de desnutrición y enfermedades infecciosas/parasitarias a otro completamente distinto, en donde las enfermedades crónicas y degenerativas presentan una elevada prevalencia.Objetivo: el objetivo del estudio es elaborar tablas de referencia de aspectos antropométricos y de condición física en estudiantes varones de 10 a 14 años de la ciudad de Chillán...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000462/asociaci%C3%A3-n-entre-cronotipo-y-obesidad-en-j%C3%A3-venes
#17
Macarena Valladares, Brianda Campos, Camila Zapata, Samuel Durán Agüero, Ana María Obregón
Introducción: existen características respecto a los ritmos circadianos (ciclo sueño-vigilia), lo que genera un rasgo denominado cronotipo (madrugador o trasnochador). Se ha asociado el cronotipo vespertino a menos horas de sueño y hábitos alimentarios poco saludables. El cronotipo vespertino se asocia con un mayor riesgo de desarrollar obesidad.Objetivo: determinar la asociación del cronotipo con variables antropométricas en jóvenes de 18 a 25 años.Métodos: jóvenes (n = 65) (18 a 25 años), se les determinó el cronotipo (cuestionario de Horne-Ostberg) y mediciones antropométricas (peso, talla, porcentaje de grasa y perímetro de cintura)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982361/canada-united-states-mexico-trilateral-cooperation-on-childhood-obesity-initiative
#18
Cristina Rabadán-Diehl, Margarita Safdie, Rachel Rodin
Childhood obesity is an important public health problem that affects countries in the Americas. In 2014, Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) Member States agreed on a Plan of Action for the Prevention of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in an effort to address the impact of this disorder in the Americas region. The interventions laid out in this regional plan are multi-faceted and require multi-sectoral partnerships. Building on a strong history of successful trilateral collaboration, Canada, Mexico, and the United States formed a partnership to address the growing epidemic of childhood obesity in the North American region...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982312/repercussions-of-imprisonment-for-conjugal-violence-discourses-of-men
#19
Anderson Reis de Sousa, Álvaro Pereira, Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Nadirlene Gomes Pereira, Luana Moura Campos, Telmara Menezes Couto
Objective: to know the consequences that men experience related to incarceration by conjugal violence. Methods: qualitative study on 20 men in jail and indicted in criminal processes related to conjugal violence in a Court specialized in Family and Domestic Violence against women. The interviews were classified based on Collective Subject Discourse method, using NVIVO(r) software. Results: the collective discourse shows that the experience of preventive imprisonment starts a process of family dismantling, social stigma, financial hardship and psycho-emotional symptoms such as phobia, depression, hypertension, and headaches...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905651/-current-evidence-on-health-benefits-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#20
Catalina Dussaillant, Guadalupe Echeverría, Inés Urquiaga, Nicolás Velasco, Attilio Rigotti
The Mediterranean diet is currently considered a functional diet with an increasing amount of scientific evidence that supports its beneficial effects in human health. Several observational cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies show an association between this diet and a lower prevalence and incidence of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases as well as a reduced overall mortality. Additionally, clinical interventional studies, particularly the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) initiative, have shown, with high quality scientific evidence, that a Mediterranean diet -supplemented either with olive oil or nuts- can lower by 30% the incidence of cardiovascular disease, reverse the metabolic syndrome, and prevent the development of diabetes and aging-related cognitive decline...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
keyword
keyword
105459
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"