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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746627/higher-dietary-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-values-increase-the-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-reus-trial
#1
Jesús Francisco García-Gavilán, Mònica Bulló, Lucia Camacho-Barcia, Nuria Rosique-Esteban, Pablo Hernández-Alonso, Josep Basora, Miguel Angel Martínez-González, Ramón Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Background: High glucose and insulin concentrations seem to have a negative impact on bone health. However, the relation between the dietary glycemic index (DGI) and the dietary glycemic load (DGL), which has proved to be effective at modulating blood glucose concentrations after carbohydrate consumption, has yet to be explored in relation to bone health. Objective: The aim of the study was to examine the associations between the DGI or DGL and the risk of osteoporotic-related fractures in an elderly Mediterranean population...
May 9, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696401/multiple-approaches-to-associations-of-physical-activity-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-with-all-cause-mortality-in-older-adults-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-study
#2
Gabriela Cárdenas-Fuentes, Isaac Subirana, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fíto, Carlos Muñoz-Bravo, Miguel Fiol, José Lapetra, Fernando Aros, Luis Serra-Majem, Josep A Tur, Xavier Pinto, Emilio Ros, Oscar Coltell, Andres Díaz-López, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Helmut Schröder
PURPOSE: Although evidence indicates that both physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, a little is known about optimal intensities of physical activity and their combined effect with MedDiet in older adults. We assessed the separate and combined associations of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and MedDiet adherence with all-cause mortality. METHODS: We prospectively studied 7356 older adults (67 ± 6...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684901/an%C3%A3-lisis-de-costo-de-la-enfermedad-del-tratamiento-las-complicaciones-e-intervenciones-de-la-hipercolesterolemia-en-m%C3%A3-xico-en-2016
#3
German Baeza-Cruz, Gustavo Peniche-Otero, Mónica E Alva-Esqueda, Mariana Naranjo-Muedano, Noé Soria-Suárez, Héctor J Morales-Flores
OBJETIVOS: Describir los costos y el impacto económico de la atención de pacientes diagnosticados con hipercolesterolemia en México en el año 2016. METODOLOGíA: Se desarrolla una evaluación económica del tipo análisis de costo de la enfermedad donde se cuantifican los recursos médicos utilizados para el tratamiento de la hipercolesterolemia así como para sus complicaciones. Los costos de los recursos médicos utilizados son obtenidos de los costos unitarios por nivel de atención del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) así como de las licitaciones publicadas en el portal de compras del IMSS...
April 20, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663376/dairy-product-consumption-and-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-an-older-mediterranean-population-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#4
Laura Barrubés, Nancy Babio, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Estefania Toledo, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Fitó, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, José Vicente Sorlí, Josep Basora, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Prospective studies have reported an inverse association between the consumption of total dairy products and milk and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Nonetheless, there is little and inconsistent evidence regarding subtypes of dairy product and CRC risk. We assessed the associations between the consumption of total dairy products, their different subtypes and CRC risk in older Mediterranean individuals at high cardiovascular risk. We analyzed data from 7,216 men and women (55-80 years) without CRC at baseline from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663011/plasma-branched-chain-aromatic-amino-acids-enriched-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-case-cohort-study-within-the-predimed-trial
#5
Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Estefanía Toledo, Clary B Clish, Cristina Razquin, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Álvaro Hernáez, Edward Yu, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Yan Zheng, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Courtney Dennis, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra, Lluis Serra-Majem, Christopher Papandreou, Olga Portoles, Montserrat Fitó, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and aromatic amino acids (AAAs) are associated with type 2 diabetes. However, repeated measurements of BCAA/AAA and their interactions with dietary interventions have not been evaluated. We investigated the associations between baseline and changes at 1 year in BCAA/AAA with type 2 diabetes in the context of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) trial. METHODS: We included 251 participants with incident type 2 diabetes and a random sample of 694 participants (641 participants without type 2 diabetes and 53 overlapping cases) in a case-cohort study nested within the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) trial...
April 16, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643004/association-between-mediterranean-diet-and-hand-grip-strength-in-older-adult-women
#6
Luigi Barrea, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanni Tramontano, Vincenzo De Luca, Maddalena Illario, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean Diet (MD) is an eating pattern associated with multiple healthy benefits, including the conservation of skeletal muscle. Frailty is a major geriatric syndrome characterized by low muscle strength. The Hand Grip Strength (HGS) is the most frequently used indicator of muscle functional capacity for clinical purposes. The association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in elderly has not yet fully investigated. The goal of this study was to examine the association between the adherence to the MD and HGS in a not hospitalized elderly who participated in the project PERsonalised ict Supported Services for Independent Living and Active Ageing (PERSSILAA)...
April 3, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589119/dairy-products-intake-and-the-risk-of-incident-cataracts-surgery-in-an-elderly-mediterranean-population-results-from-the-predimed-study
#7
Lucía Camacho-Barcia, Mònica Bulló, Jesús F García-Gavilán, Miguel A Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José M Santos-Lozano, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Josep Basora, Estefanía Toledo, Miguel A Muñoz, Vicente Zanon-Moreno, Alfredo García-Layana, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
PROPOSAL: The aim of this study was to examine the association between the consumption of total and specific types of dairy products and the risk of incident cataracts in an elderly Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 5860 subjects from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) Study. The time to cataract surgery was calculated as the time between recruitment and the date of the surgery, last visit of the follow-up, date of death, or until the end of the study...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566197/effect-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-cognition-and-brain-morphology-and-function-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Sue Radd-Vagenas, Shantel L Duffy, Sharon L Naismith, Bruce J Brew, Victoria M Flood, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
Background: Observational studies of the Mediterranean diet suggest cognitive benefits, potentially reducing dementia risk. Objective: We performed the first published review to our knowledge of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating Mediterranean diet effects on cognition or brain morphology and function, with an additional focus on intervention diet quality and its relation to "traditional" Mediterranean dietary patterns. Design: We searched 9 databases from inception (final update December 2017) for RCTs testing a Mediterranean compared with alternate diet for cognitive or brain morphology and function outcomes...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554269/association-of-physical-activity-with-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-incidence-of-obesity-in-older-adults
#9
Gabriela Cárdenas Fuentes, Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Miguel Ángel Martínez González, Dolores Corella, Isaac Subirana Cachinero, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Ramón Estruch, Lluis Serra-Majem, Emilio Ros, José Lapetra Peralta, Miguel Fiol, Javier Rekondo, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Josep Antoni Tur Marí, Xavier Pinto Sala, Nancy Babio, Carolina Ortega, José Alfredo Martínez, Helmut Schröder
Background: There is limited, and inconsistent, data on the prospective association between physical activity and surrogate markers of adiposity in older adults. We aim to determine the prospective association of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and the incidence of obesity. Methods: This prospective analysis included 7144 individuals with a mean age of 67 ± 6.2 years, from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study...
March 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465249/the-right-colon-challenge
#10
COMMENT
Lucía Amelia Cid Gómez, Nereida Fernández Fernández, Vicent Hernández Ramírez
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the fourth cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. In an attempt to raise awareness on this situation, and to implement preventive measures, March 31st has been established as international colorectal cancer awareness day. Our country, with the Spanish "Alianza para la Prevención del Cáncer de Colon", pioneered in 2008 an institution that brought together scientific and civil societies to pursue this goal. A stabilization, even a decrease in the incidence and mortality of this condition has been reported in western countries for the last few years, which may be attributed to a number of highly relevant factors...
March 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420522/asociaci%C3%A3-n-de-los-factores-de-riesgo-con-glaucoma-primario-de-%C3%A3-ngulo-abierto-en-mayores-de-40-a%C3%A3-os
#11
Arturo Gálvez-Rosas, Aurelio Tirzo Serrano-Miranda, Carlos Ridaura-Valencia, Eva Elizabeth Mundo-Fernández, Everardo Barojas-Weber
Objetivo: Determinar la asociación de las enfermedades sistémicas, así como la ingesta de alcohol y tabaquismo, con - glaucoma primario de ángulo abierto (GPAA) en adultos mayores de 40 años. Método: Se revisaron los expedientes de pacientes mayores de 40 años de primera vez con diagnóstico de glaucoma que asistieron al servicio de oftalmología del Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación. La información se consiguió mediante el sistema automatizado de información hospitalaria, que incluyó variables sociodemográficas y clínicas...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382082/validation-of-the-english-version-of-the-14-item-mediterranean-diet-adherence-screener-of-the-predimed-study-in-people-at-high-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-uk
#12
Angeliki Papadaki, Laura Johnson, Zoi Toumpakari, Clare England, Manmita Rai, Stu Toms, Chris Penfold, Itziar Zazpe, Miguel A Martínez-González, Gene Feder
The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the English version of the PREvencion con DIetaMEDiterranea (PREDIMED) 14-item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS), a brief questionnaire assessing adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), which was used in the PREDIMED trial for assessment and immediate feedback. This instrument (MEDAS) was administered to 96 adults with a high cardiovascular risk (66% women, mean age 68.3 ± 6.0 years), recruited from general practices in Bristol, UK. Participants then completed a 3-day estimated food record, and the MEDAS was administered again one month later...
January 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352655/legume-consumption-and-risk-of-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-in-the-predimed-study
#13
Christopher Papandreou, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Mònica Bulló, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Helmut Schroder, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Miquel Fiol, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Jose V Sorli, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited prospective studies have examined the association between legumes consumption and mortality, whereas scarce, if at all, previous studies have evaluated such associations taking into consideration specific grain legumes. We aimed to investigate the association between total legumes consumption and grain legumes species (dry beans, chickpeas, lentils, and fresh peas) with all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer and other-cause mortality among elderly Mediterranean individuals at high CVD risk...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305130/effects-of-the-ser326cys-polymorphism-in-the-dna-repair-ogg1-gene-on-cancer-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-predimed-study-modulation-by-diet
#14
Dolores Corella, Judith B Ramírez-Sabio, Oscar Coltell, Carolina Ortega-Azorín, Ramón Estruch, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, José V Sorlí, Olga Castañer, Fernando Arós, Franscisco J Garcia-Corte, Lluís Serra-Majem, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Xavier Pintó, Guillermo T Saez, Estefanía Toledo, Josep Basora, Montserrat Fitó, Montserrat Cofán, Emilio Ros, Jose M Ordovas
BACKGROUND: Oxidatively induced DNA damage, an important factor in cancer etiology, is repaired by oxyguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1). The lower repair capacity genotype (homozygote Cys326Cys) in the OGG1-rs1052133 (Ser326Cys) polymorphism has been associated with cancer risk. However, no information is available in relation to cancer mortality, other causes of death, and modulation by diet. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association of the OGG1-rs1052133 with total, cancer, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and to analyze its modulation by the Mediterranean diet, focusing especially on total vegetable intake as one of the main characteristics of this diet...
April 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295516/impact-of-consuming-extra-virgin-olive-oil-or-nuts-within-a-mediterranean-diet-on-dna-methylation-in-peripheral-white-blood-cells-within-the-predimed-navarra-randomized-controlled-trial-a-role-for-dietary-lipids
#15
Ana Arpón, Fermín I Milagro, Cristina Razquin, Dolores Corella, Ramón Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Amelia Marti, Miguel A Martínez-González, Emilio Ros, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, José-Ignacio Riezu-Boj, J Alfredo Martínez
DNA methylation could be reversible and mouldable by environmental factors, such as dietary exposures. The objective was to analyse whether an intervention with two Mediterranean diets, one rich in extra-virgin olive oil (MedDiet + EVOO) and the other one in nuts (MedDiet + nuts), was influencing the methylation status of peripheral white blood cells (PWBCs) genes. A subset of 36 representative individuals were selected within the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED-Navarra) trial, with three intervention groups in high cardiovascular risk volunteers: MedDiet + EVOO, MedDiet + nuts, and a low-fat control group...
December 23, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187155/risk-score-for-first-screening-of-prevalent-undiagnosed-chronic-kidney-disease-in-peru-the-cronicas-ckd-risk-score
#16
Rodrigo M Carrillo-Larco, J Jaime Miranda, Robert H Gilman, Josefina Medina-Lezama, Julio A Chirinos-Pacheco, Paola V Muñoz-Retamozo, Liam Smeeth, William Checkley, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz
BACKGROUND: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) represents a great burden for the patient and the health system, particularly if diagnosed at late stages. Consequently, tools to identify patients at high risk of having CKD are needed, particularly in limited-resources settings where laboratory facilities are scarce. This study aimed to develop a risk score for prevalent undiagnosed CKD using data from four settings in Peru: a complete risk score including all associated risk factors and another excluding laboratory-based variables...
November 29, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046405/potato-consumption-does-not-increase-blood-pressure-or-incident-hypertension-in-2-cohorts-of-spanish-adults
#17
Emily A Hu, Miguel A Martínez-González, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Emilio Ros, Montse Fitó, Antonio Garcia-Rodriguez, Ramon Estruch, Fernando Arós, Miquel Fiol, José Lapetra, Lluís Serra-Majem, Xavier Pintó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Cristina Razquin, Mònica Bulló, José V Sorlí, Helmut Schröder, Casey M Rebholz, Estefania Toledo
Background: Potatoes have a high glycemic load but also antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals. It is unclear what mechanisms are involved in relation to their effect on blood pressure (BP) and hypertension. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the association between potato consumption, BP changes, and the risk of hypertension in 2 Spanish populations. Methods: Separate analyses were performed in PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea), a multicenter nutrition intervention trial of adults aged 55-80 y, and the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) project, a prospective cohort made up of university graduates and educated adults with ages (means ± SDs) of 42...
December 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991272/glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-in-the-opuntia-ficus-indica-fruit
#18
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
There is evidence that support the clinical usage of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) in the prevention of chronic disease. Objective: To determine the GI and GL of the Opuntia ficus-indica fruit. Methodology: An analytic, transversal study was made involving 25 healthy volunteers accepted by an informed consent with a normal body mass index, glucose, glycoside hemoglobin, cholesterol and serum triglycerides. The homogeneity of the population was evaluated with anthropometrical and biochemical data using principal component analysis (PCA)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930197/red-blood-cell-eicosapentaenoic-acid-inversely-relates-to-mri-assessed-carotid-plaque-lipid-core-burden-in-elders-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#19
Núria Bargalló, Rosa Gilabert, Edwin-Saúl Romero-Mamani, Montserrat Cofán, Philip C Calder, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
Supplemental marine omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has an anti-atherosclerotic effect. Clinical research on EPA supplied by the regular diet and atherosclerosis is scarce. In the framework of the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) trial, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 161 older individuals at high vascular risk grouped into different stages of carotid atherosclerosis severity, including those without ultrasound-detected atheroma plaque (n = 38), with plaques <2.0 mm thick (n = 65), and with plaques ≥2...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919943/-identification-of-positive-youth-development-interventions
#20
Lili M Sardiñas, Viviana Padilla, Mari Aponte, Ana Morales Boscio, Coralee Pérez Pedrogo, Betzaida Santiago, Ángela Pérez Morales, Paloma Torres Dávila, Marizaida Sánchez Cesáreo
There are more people in the world in the youth stage of development than in any other stage of development. The youth in Puerto Rico faces many situations that affect their development and readiness for adulthood. Therefore, it's imperative to identify evidence-based positive youth development interventions to develop practices that help young people prevent adverse situations, promote positive experiences and encourage children and young people to be involved and committed. One hundred and forty seven interventions were identified through a traditional scientific literature review...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
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