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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27172519/genetic-diversity-of-artybash-virus-in-the-laxmann-s-shrew-sorex-caecutiens
#1
Satoru Arai, Hae Ji Kang, Se Hun Gu, Satoshi D Ohdachi, Joseph A Cook, Liudmila N Yashina, Keiko Tanaka-Taya, Sergey A Abramov, Shigeru Morikawa, Nobuhiko Okabe, Kazunori Oishi, Richard Yanagihara
Although based on very limited M and L segment sequences, Artybash virus (ARTV) was proposed previously as a unique hantavirus harbored by the Laxmann's shrew (Sorex caecutiens). To verify this conjecture, lung tissues from 68 Laxmann's shrews, captured during 2006 to 2014 in eastern Siberia, Russia, and Hokkaido, Japan, were analyzed for ARTV RNA using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). ARTV RNA was detected in six Laxmann's shrews. Pairwise alignment and comparison of partial- and full-length S, M, and L segment sequences from these Laxmann's shrews, as well as phylogenetic analyses, using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods indicated that ARTV was distinct from other soricine shrew-borne hantaviruses and representative hantaviruses harbored by rodents, moles, and bats...
July 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976903/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-chicken-astrovirus-associated-with-chicks-that-have-an-unusual-condition-known-as-white-chicks-in-brazil
#2
L F N Nuñez, S H Santander Parra, C Carranza, C S Astolfi-Ferreira, M R Buim, A J Piantino Ferreira
Chicken astrovirus (CAstV) is one of many viruses related to enteric diseases in poultry that are associated with Runting-Stunting Syndrome (RSS), which affects young chickens. CAstV was also recently associated with an unusual condition in chicks called "white chicks." Some hatcheries in certain states of Brazil have reported several incubation problems, mortality, and the presence of chicks with white plumages over the past several months. These chicks were termed locally as "white chicks." The present work investigated 30 chicks with this unusual condition using a multidisciplinary approach...
June 1, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26908891/molecular-detection-of-chicken-parvovirus-in-broilers-with-enteric-disorders-presenting-curving-of-duodenal-loop-pancreatic-atrophy-and-mesenteritis
#3
L F N Nuñez, L R M Sá, S H S Parra, C S Astolfi-Ferreira, C Carranza, A J P Ferreira
Enteric disorders are an important cause of economic losses in broiler chickens worldwide. Several agents have been associated with enteric problems, such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites. In this study, broiler chickens showing signs of enteric disorders were subjected to molecular diagnosis for several viral agents and also for pathological examination for elucidating this problem. Thus, the chickens were screened for avian nephritis virus (ANV), chicken astrovirus (CAstV), avian rotavirus (ArtV), avian reovirus (AReoV), infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), fowl adenovirus group I (FAdV-1), and chicken parvovirus (ChPV)...
April 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25585506/optimizing-human-semen-cryopreservation-by-reducing-test-vial-volume-and-repetitive-test-vial-sampling
#4
Christian F S Jensen, Dana A Ohl, Walter R Parker, Andre M da Rocha, Laura M Keller, Timothy G Schuster, Jens Sonksen, Gary D Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate optimal test vial (TV) volume, utility and reliability of TVs, intermediate temperature exposure (-88°C to -93°C) before cryostorage, cryostorage in nitrogen vapor (VN2) and liquid nitrogen (LN2), and long-term stability of VN2 cryostorage of human semen. DESIGN: Prospective clinical laboratory study. SETTING: University assisted reproductive technology (ART) laboratory. PATIENT(S): A total of 594 patients undergoing semen analysis and cryopreservation...
March 2015: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25397544/use-of-maraviroc-in-patients-with-undetectable-viral-load-efficacy-tolerance-and-predictors-of-viral-response-in-maraviroc-cohort-study
#5
María Jesús Pérez Elías, David Arroyo, Alberto Diaz, Cristina Herrero, Loreto Martinez-Dueñas, Ana Moreno, Jose Hernández-Quero, Daniel Podzamcer, Cristina Gomez-Ayerbe, Jose Luis Casado, Javier Zamora, Antonio Rivero, Santiago Moreno, Josep María Llibre
INTRODUCTION: No controlled clinical trials had studied the role of maraviroc (MRV) in fully suppressed patients (1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRV-cohort is an observational, retrospective, multicentric (27 sites) large cohort study of patients starting MRV in clinical practice under different circumstances, with at least 48 weeks of follow-up. For the present analysis we selected all those patients starting with an HIV-RNA<50 copies/mL. Demographics, baseline CD4 cell count, past history of antiretroviral treatment (ART), tropism, reasons for MRV use, MRV based therapy and change/end of MRV use were assessed...
2014: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21381345/-raltegravir-is-the-first-hiv-integrase-inhibitor-as-part-of-antiretroviral-treatment-regimens
#6
REVIEW
A V Kravchenko
The paper gives the results of the largest international studies demonstrating the efficacy and safety of Raltegravir as part of antiretroviral treatment (ARVT) regimens in both patients starting therapy (STARTMRK study) and those pretreated with antiretroviral drugs (BENCHMRK study). The advantage of Raltegravir over Efavirens is the lower incidence of adverse central nervous system reactions. Based on the results of published investigations, specialists from the USA and European Union have incorporated the first HIV integrase inhibitor Raltegravir into a first-line ARTV regimen...
2010: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9413104/liposomally-encapsulated-ricin-toxoid-vaccine-delivered-intratracheally-elicits-a-good-immune-response-and-protects-against-a-lethal-pulmonary-dose-of-ricin-toxin
#7
G D Griffiths, S C Bailey, J L Hambrook, M Keyte, P Jayasekera, J Miles, E Williamson
A small study was performed to examine whether the instillation of ricin toxoid vaccine into the lungs of Porton rats offered protection from lethal effects of subsequent intratracheal challenge with ricin toxin. Further the immune response to liposomally-encapsulated vaccine and the protection offered was compared with vaccine either adsorbed to Alhydrogel adjuvant or as a simple aqueous solution. The formaldehyde-treated ricin toxin vaccine (RTV) was administered at two dose levels, 500 and 100 micrograms kg-1 body weight to groups of rats, on two occasions by intratracheal instillation...
December 1997: Vaccine
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