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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458191/a-novel-neuropilin-1-binding-sequence-in-the-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-type-1-envelope-glycoprotein
#1
Hideki Kusunoki, Toshiyuki Tanaka, Toshiyuki Kohno, Kazuhiko Matsuhashi, Kazuo Hosoda, Kaori Wakamatsu, Isao Hamaguchi
Entry of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) into host cells is mainly mediated by interactions between the viral envelope glycoprotein surface unit (SU) and three host receptors: glucose transporter type 1, heparin/heparan sulfate proteoglycan, and neuropilin-1 (Nrp1). Here, we analyzed the interaction between HTLV-1 SU and Nrp1 using nuclear magnetic resonance and isothermal titration calorimetry. We found that two SU peptides, residues 85-94 and residues 304-312, bound directly to the Nrp1 b1 domain with affinities of 7...
February 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458156/how-to-isolate-identify-and-determine-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-anaerobic-bacteria-in-routine-laboratories
#2
REVIEW
Elisabeth Nagy, Lyudmila Boyanova, Ulrik S Justesen
BACKGROUND: There has been an increased interest in the study of anaerobic bacteria, which cause human infection during the past decade. Many new genera and species have been described by to use 16S rRNA gene sequencing of clinical isolates obtained from different infection sites with commercially available special culture media to support the growth of anaerobes. Several systems, such as anaerobic pouches, boxes, jars and chambers provide suitable anaerobic culture conditions to isolate even strict anaerobic bacteria successfully from clinical specimens...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458129/honeysuckle-encoded-microrna2911-inhibits-enterovirus-71-replication-via-targeting-vp1-gene
#3
Xihan Li, Ying Huang, Menghuai Sun, Hong Ji, Hui Dou, Jia Hu, Yanfeng Yan, Xu Wang, Leiyao Chen
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the primary pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD) in children and virus infections are associated with severe neurological dysfunctions and even death. MIR2911 is a honeysuckle-encoded atypical microRNA with extremely stability. Here, we report that MIR2911 directly inhibits EV71 replication by targeting the VP1 gene. Bioinformatics prediction and luciferase reporter assay showed that MIR2911 could target the VP1 gene of EV71. Transfection experiments using synthetic MIR2911 and extracted RNA from HS decoction shown that each of these preparations was capable of inhibiting EV71 VP1 protein expression; however, these preparations did not impact EV71 mutants in which the MIR2911-binding sites were mutated...
February 16, 2018: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457819/expedient-cobalt-ii-catalyzed-site-selective-c7-arylation-of-indolines-with-arylboronic-acids
#4
Pinaki Bhusan De, Sourav Pradhan, Sonbidya Banerjee, Tharmalingam Punniyamurthy
Cobalt(ii)-catalyzed pyrimidyl directing group-assisted C7 arylation of indolines with arylboronic acids has been developed using Mn(OAc)2 ·4H2 O as an oxidant. The use of cobalt(ii)-PCy3 as a catalyst and broad substrate scope are the important practical features.
February 19, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457687/substrate-binding-drives-active-site-closing-of-human-blood-group-b-galactosyltransferase-as-revealed-by-hot-spot-labeling-and-nmr-experiments
#5
Thomas Peters, Sophie Weissbach, Friedemann Flügge
Crystallography has shown that human blood group A (GTA) and B (GTB) glycosyltransferases undergo transitions between "open", "semi-closed", and "closed" conformations upon substrate binding. However, the time scales of corresponding conformational reorientations are unknown. Crystal structures show that Trp and Met residues are located at "conformational hot spots" of the enzymes. Therefore, we have utilized 15N-side chain labeling of Trp residues, and 13C-methyl labeling of Met residues to study substrate induced conformational transitions of GTB...
February 19, 2018: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457661/analysis-of-13-c-and-14-c-labeling-in-pyruvate-and-lactate-in-tumor-and-blood-of-lymphoma-bearing-mice-injected-with-13-c-and-14-c-labeled-pyruvate
#6
E M Serrao, M I Kettunen, T B Rodrigues, D Y Lewis, F A Gallagher, D E Hu, K M Brindle
Measurements of hyperpolarized13 C label exchange between injected [1-13 C]pyruvate and the endogenous tumor lactate pool can give an apparent first-order rate constant for the exchange. The determination of the isotope flux, however, requires an estimate of the labeled pyruvate concentration in the tumor. This was achieved here by measurement of the tumor uptake of [1-14 C]pyruvate, which showed that <2% of the injected pyruvate reached the tumor site. Multiplication of this estimated labeled pyruvate concentration in the tumor with the apparent first-order rate constant for hyperpolarized13 C label exchange gave an isotope flux that showed good agreement with a flux determined directly by the injection of non-polarized [3-13 C]pyruvate, rapid excision of the tumor after 30 s and measurement of13 C-labeled lactate concentrations in tumor extracts...
February 19, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457462/determination-of-site-specific-phosphorylation-ratios-in-proteins-with-targeted-mass-spectrometry
#7
Lennard J M Dekker, Lona Zeneyedpour, Sandor Snoeijers, Jos Joore, Sieger Leenstra, Theo M Luider
We show that parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) can be used for exact quantification of phosphorylation ratios of proteins using stable isotope labelled peptides. We have compared two different PRM approaches on a digest of a U87 cell culture, namely direct-PRM (tryptic digest measured by PRM without any further sample preparation) and TiO2-PRM (tryptic digest enriched with TiO2 cartridges, followed by PRM measurement); these approaches are compared for the following phosphorylation sites: Neuroblast differentiation-associated protein (AHNAK S5480-p), Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II subunit delta (CAMK2D T337-p) and Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR S1166-p)...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457458/amphiphilic-functionalized-acupuncture-needle-as-sers-sensor-for-in-situ-multiphase-detection
#8
Binbin Zhou, Mei Mao, Xiaomin Cao, Meihong Ge, Xianghu Tang, Shaofei Li, Dongyue Lin, LiangBao Yang, Jinhuai Liu
Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a powerful spectroscopic technique with unique vibrational fingerprints, making it an ideal candidate for in situ multiphase detection. However, it is a great challenges that how to guide the SERS sensor to targets molecule of interest in multiphase heterogeneous samples with minimally disturbance. Here, we present a portable ultrasensitive and highly repeatable SERS sensor for in situ multiphase detection. The sensor is composed of com-mercial Ag acupuncture needle and PVP-Au nanoparticles (Au NPs)...
February 19, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457435/-repair-soft-tissue-defect-in-forefoot-with-reversed-lateral-soleus-muscle-flap
#9
Gong-Lin Zhang, Ping Zhen, Ke-Ming Chen, Lai-Xu Zhao, Jun-Lin Yang, Jan-Hua Zhou, Qin-Yi Xue
OBJECTIVE: To summarize clinical application results of repair soft tissue defect in forefoot with a reversed lateral soleus muscle flap on peroneal artery pedicle. METHODS: From January 2005 to January 2013, 8 patients with soft-tissue defect on forefoot were underwent reconstruction with a reversed lateral soleus muscle flap on peroneal artery pedicle. There were 6 males and 2 female, aged from 16 to 48 years with an average of 26.8 years old. The reversed lateral soleus muscle flap was transposed to the forefoot defect area, then immediate coverage of the muscle flaps were performed by a meshed split-thickness free skin graft...
December 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456642/anti-semaphorin-7a-single-chain-antibody-demonstrates-beneficial-effects-on-pulmonary-inflammation-during-acute-lung-injury
#10
Xiao Chen, Hailing Wang, Kui Jia, Hao Wang, Tao Ren
Pulmonary inflammation is a primary characteristic of lung injury initiated by the accession of immune cells into the alveolar space. Neutrophil migration serves an important role in pulmonary inflammation mediated by the migration of neutrophils into hypoxic tissue sites. The elimination of pulmonary inflammation is directly associated with rehabilitation in patients with lung injury. Anti-inflammatory treatment is essential following lung injury and ultimately determines patient outcomes. Semaphorin-7A (SEMA-7A) is a member of the Semaphorin family that influences the migration of neutrophils into hypoxic tissue sites, thus promoting inflammation...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456452/factors-associated-with-no-2-and-no-x-concentration-gradients-near-a-highway
#11
J Richmond-Bryant, M G Snyder, R C Owen, S Kimbrough
The objective of this research is to learn how the near-road gradient, in which NO2 and NOX (NO + NO2 ) concentrations are elevated, varies with changes in meteorological and traffic variables. Measurements of NO2 and NOX were obtained east of I-15 in Las Vegas and fit to functions whose slopes (dCNO2 /dx and dCNOX /dx, respectively) characterize the size of the near-road zone where NO2 and NOX concentrations from mobile sources on the highway are elevated. These metrics were used to learn about the near-road gradient by modeling dCNO2 /dx and dCNOX /dx as functions of meteorological variables (e...
November 21, 2017: Atmospheric Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455620/bacterial-mediated-biodegradation-of-pentachlorophenol-via-electron-shuttling
#12
Heba A El-Bialy, Ola A A Khalil, Ola M Gomaa
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a common persistent pesticide in soil, its persistence generates toxicity in the environment. PCP degradation by soil indigenous bacteria represents a practical and cost-effective solution. In the present study, bacteria isolated from paddy soil was investigated and the role of electron shuttling in the PCP degradation process was assessed. Two strains demonstrated the highest PCP degradation of 93.5% and 94.88% in the presence of citrate, and were identified using 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis as Pseudomonas chengduensis and Pseudomonas plecoglossicida, respectively...
February 19, 2018: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455472/double-digest-rad-sequencing-outperforms-microsatellite-loci-at-assigning-paternity-and-estimating-relatedness-a-proof-of-concept-in-a-highly-promiscuous-bird
#13
Derrick J Thrasher, Bronwyn G Butcher, Leonardo Campagna, Michael S Webster, Irby J Lovette
Information on genetic relationships among individuals is essential to many studies of the behavior and ecology of wild organisms. Parentage and relatedness assays based on large numbers of SNP loci hold substantial advantages over the microsatellite markers traditionally used for these purposes. We present a double-digest restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (ddRAD-seq) analysis pipeline that, as such, simultaneously achieves the SNP discovery and genotyping steps and which is optimized to return a statistically powerful set of SNP markers (typically 150-600 after stringent filtering) from large numbers of individuals (up to 240 per run)...
February 17, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455066/aav8-virions-hijack-serum-proteins-to-increase-hepatocyte-binding-for-transduction-enhancement
#14
Xiaolei Pei, Ting He, Nikita E Hall, David Gerber, R Jude Samulski, Chengwen Li
It has been demonstrated that human serum albumin (HSA) directly interacts with AAV virions and enhances AAV transduction. Several other proteins have also been identified a potential for enhancing AAV8 liver transduction. In our study, LDL or transferrin could enhance transduction in vitro and in vivo. We also found that any combination of two or three of these proteins (HSA, LDL, and transferrin) increased AAV8 transduction in Huh7 cells and in mice liver, which was similar to albumin alone. Pre-incubation of HSA with AAV8 virions prevented AAV8 virions from binding to other proteins...
February 15, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455063/an-alanine-residue-in-human-parainfluenza-virus-type-3-phosphoprotein-is-critical-for-restricting-excessive-n-0-p-interaction-and-maintaining-n-solubility
#15
Shengwei Zhang, Qi Cheng, Chenxi Luo, Lei Yin, Yali Qin, Mingzhou Chen
The phosphoprotein (P) of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3) plays a pivotal role in viral RNA synthesis, which interacts with the nucleoprotein (N) to form a soluble N0 -P complex (N0 , free of RNAs) to prevent the nonspecific RNA binding and illegitimate aggregation of N. Functional regions within P have been studied intensively. However, the precise site (s) within P directly involved in N0 -P interaction still remains unclear. In this study, using a series of deleted and truncated mutants of P of HPIV3, we demonstrate that amino-terminal 40 amino acids (aa) of P restrict and regulate N0 -P interaction...
February 15, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455018/acute-massive-pulmonary-thromboembolism-treated-by-selective-catheter-directed-thrombolysis
#16
Feng Hai, Chen Xueming, Zhang Zhiwen, Li Chenyu, Fang Jie, Zhang Zhe, Lian Lishan, Zhu Renming, Yu Hongzhi, Liu Bin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of selective catheter-directed thrombolysis in treating acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism (AMPTE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six AMPTE patients were enrolled between March 2010 and March 2013. A Uni*Fuse infusion system was inserted into the main pulmonary artery thrombus. The thrombolytic regimen included an intraoperative bolus injection of 250,000 IU urokinase, followed by continuous thrombolytic infusion of 5,000IU/kg...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454953/non-active-site-mutation-q123a-in-new-delhi-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-ndm-1-enhanced-its-enzyme-activity
#17
Abid Ali, Mohd W Azam, Asad U Khan
New Delhi metallo β-lactamase-1 is one of the carbapenemases, causing hydrolysis of almost all β-lactamase antibiotics. Seventeen different NDM variants have been reported so far, they varied in their sequences either by single or multiple amino acid substitutions. Hence, it is important to understand its structural and functional relation. In the earlier studies role of active site residues has been studied but non-active site residues has not studied in detail. Therefore, we have initiated to further comprehend its structure and function relation by mutating some of its non-active site residues...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454948/penaeus-vannamei-protease-activating-mechanism-of-sulfhydryl-reducing-compounds
#18
Morteza Bahrami, Ahmad Homaei
Papain has a relatively small active site consisting of three residues: Cys-25, His-159, and Asn-175. The sulfhydryl group on Cys-25 often forms covalent bonds with substrates. His-159 supports Cys-25, and while Asn-175 does not directly participate in the catalytic mechanism, it keeps histidine-159 in its stabilized imidazole form. It is noticeable that sulfur atom of the catalytic Cys-25 is activated by cysteine through a SN 2-type reaction, but the mechanisms by which cysteine enhances papain activity remains unclear...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454916/mitochondria-targeting-indolizino-3-2-c-quinolines-as-novel-class-of-photosensitizers-for-photodynamic-anticancer-activity
#19
Soonbum Kwon, Yeongcheol Lee, Youngeun Jung, Ju Hee Kim, Byungyeob Baek, Bumhee Lim, Jungeun Lee, Ikyon Kim, Jeeyeon Lee
To achieve efficient photodynamic activity, substantial effort has been dedicated to precise control of the intracellular localization of current photosensitizers (PSs). Given the extremely small radius of action of singlet oxygen, the direct targeting of PSs to the mitochondria is expected to greatly enhance the photodynamic therapy (PDT) activity. Here, we report mitochondria-targeting 6-(furan-2-yl)- and 6-(thiophen-2-yl) indolizino[3,2-c]quinolines (IQs) as novel PSs. IQ derivatives containing 5-membered heterocyclic aromatic rings were synthesized, and their photophysical properties as PSs were characterized...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454247/tolerance-and-growth-kinetics-of-bacteria-isolated-from-gold-and-gemstone-mining-sites-in-response-to-heavy-metal-concentrations
#20
Oluwatosin Gbemisola Oladipo, Obinna Tobechukwu Ezeokoli, Mark Steve Maboeta, Jacobus Johannes Bezuidenhout, Louwrens R Tiedt, Anine Jordaan, Cornelius Carlos Bezuidenhout
Response and growth kinetics of microbes in contaminated medium are useful indices for the screening and selection of tolerant species for eco-friendly bio-augmentative remediation of polluted environments. In this study, the heavy metal (HM) tolerance, bioaccumulation and growth kinetics of seven bacterial strains isolated from mining sites to 10 HMs (Cd, Hg, Ni, Al, Cr, Pb, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn) at varied concentrations (25-600 mgL -1 ) were investigated. The isolates were phylogenetically (16S rRNA gene) related to Lysinibacillus macroides, Achromobacter spanius, Bacillus kochii, B...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
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