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Clinical audit tool

Andrea Bowyer, Colin F Royse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recovery after surgery is a complex interplay of the patient, the surgery, and the perioperative anaesthesia management. Assessment of recovery should address the needs of multiple stakeholders, including the institutions and healthcare providers, but primarily should be focused on the patients and their perception of quality of recovery and return to normalcy. This review will summarize the development of assessment of recovery to a multidimensional dichotomous construct that requires a real-time assessment tool validated for repeat measures and containing cognitive assessment...
October 18, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Harshal Ingale, Samiul Muquit, Othman Al-Helli, Barrie White, Surajit Basu
BACKGROUND: Consultant Outcomes Publication (COP) is an NHS England initiative for promoting improvements in quality of care. However, at present outcomes are commonly expressed as mortality rates which do not necessarily reflect the performance of surgeons. We developed the Nottingham Expectation and Complication score following Surgery (NECS) to determine the success of surgical treatment from both the clinical perspective and the practical expectations agreed between surgeons and patients during the consent process...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Lei Cheng, Yuxia Zhang, Ying Gu, Chunmei Lu, Qing Liu, Hao Yuan
BACKGROUND: Supporting and involving the families of pre-term infants' in the discharge process provides them with confidence in caring for their infants at home. In an effort to facilitate families' readiness for discharge, the neonatal unit (NU) of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University has implemented a best practice project. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to integrate the best available evidence on facilitating families' readiness for discharge into the nursing practice of the Children's Hospital of Fudan University...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Fei Hu, Jiayan Zhang, Shupeng Shi, Zhang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Febrile illness in young children usually indicates an underlying infection and is a cause of concern for parents and carers. It is very important that healthcare professionals know how to recognize fever, assess children with fever, treat children with fever and role of nurses and parents. This paper outlines a best practice implementation project on the management of fever in children in an emergency department. OBJECTIVES: To audit current practice of fever management for children in an emergency department and to implement strategies to standardize pediatric fever management based on evidence-based practice guidelines...
September 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Sarah Pinnington, Brigid Atterton, Sarah Ingleby
Severe sepsis is a clinical emergency. Despite the nationwide recognition of the sepsis six treatment bundle as the first line emergency treatment for this presentation, compliance in sepsis six provision remains inadequately low. The project goals were to improve compliance with the implementation of the Sepsis Six in patients with severe sepsis and/or septic shock. In improving timely care delivery it was anticipated improvements would be made in relation to patient safety and experience, and reductions in length of stay (LoS) and mortality...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
B Krishnan, G Arun Prasad, B Madhan
AIM: Proper and adequate documentation in operation notes is a basic tool of clinical practice with medical and legal implications. An audit was done to ascertain if oral and maxillofacial surgery operative notes in an Indian public sector hospital adhered to the guidelines published by the Royal College of Surgeons England. METHODS: Fifty randomly selected operative notes were evaluated against the guidelines by RCS England with regards to the essential generic components of an operation note...
September 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Angel Paternina-Caicedo, Jezid Miranda, Ghada Bourjeily, Andrew Levinson, Carmelo Dueñas, Camilo Bello Muñoz, José A Rojas-Suarez
BACKGROUND: Every day, about 830 women die worldwide from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Obstetric early-warning scores have been proposed as a potential tool to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, based upon the identification of predetermined abnormal values in the vital signs or laboratory parameters, to generate a rapid and effective medical response. Several early-warning scores have been developed for obstetrical patients, but the majority are the result of a clinical consensus rather than statistical analyses of clinical outcome measures (i...
October 14, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ricardo Fonseca, Faraz Pathan, Thomas H Marwick
OBJECTIVE: We sought whether simple clinical markers could be used in a questionnaire for recognition of inappropriate (or rarely appropriate, RA) tests at point-of-service. Most applications of appropriateness criteria (AC) for transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) have been at the point of order, but a simple means of identifying RA tests in an audit process would be of value. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was performed in 2 major hospitals in Tasmania...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
Aqil M Daher, Syed Hassan A AlMashoor, Than Winn
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is notorious for its metabolic effect, acute and chronic complications and impact on Quality of Life (QoL). Successful intervention to improve QoL necessitates a valid and reliable measurement tool to identify areas of concern to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To (1) assess the factor structure of the Malay Audit of Diabetes Dependent Quality of Life-18 (ADDQoL-18) questionnaire; (2) determine the impact of DM on QoL; and (3) identify areas of concern to patients with type 2 DM from three major ethnic groups in Malaysia...
2016: PloS One
Emily S Spivak, Sara E Cosgrove, Arjun Srinivasan
Indiscriminate antimicrobial use has plagued medicine since antibiotics were first introduced into clinical practice more than seventy years ago. Infectious diseases physicians and public health officials have advocated for preservation of these life-saving drugs for many years. With rising burden of antimicrobial resistant organisms and Clostridium difficile infections, halting unnecessary antimicrobial use has become one of the largest public health concerns of our time. Inappropriate antimicrobial use has been quantified in various settings using numerous definitions; however, no established reference standard exists...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Adina Hayek, Rohina Joshi, Tim Usherwood, Ruth Webster, Baldeep Kaur, Bandana Saini, Carol Armour, Ines Krass, Tracey-Lea Laba, Christopher Reid, Louise Shiel, Charlotte Hespe, Fred Hersch, Stephen Jan, Serigne Lo, David Peiris, Anthony Rodgers, Anushka Patel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for significant morbidity, premature mortality, and economic burden. Despite established evidence that supports the use of preventive medications among patients at high CVD risk, treatment gaps remain. Building on prior evidence and a theoretical framework, a complex intervention has been designed to address these gaps among high-risk, under-treated patients in the Australian primary care setting. This intervention comprises a general practice quality improvement tool incorporating clinical decision support and audit/feedback capabilities; availability of a range of CVD polypills (fixed-dose combinations of two blood pressure lowering agents, a statin ± aspirin) for prescription when appropriate; and access to a pharmacy-based program to support long-term medication adherence and lifestyle modification...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
Jasperine Ka Yee Ho, Quinnie Lee, Jaden Chun Ho Lam, Kam Shing Tang
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Timely detection and management of acutely deteriorating patients can save lives. Tuen Mun Hospital (TMH), a 1800-bed acute tertiary hospital serving more than 1.06 million populations in Hong Kong, is exploring to quantitatively monitor serious clinical deterioration (SCD) and uses it to guide patient care improvement initiatives. METHODS: Literature review on definition and measurement of SCD was conducted. Monthly SCD rates of TMH were first calculated according to the published methodology and benchmarked against those of international centres...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Niki Munk, Sarah Shue, Emilee Freeland, Rick Ralston, Karen T Boulanger
INTRODUCTION: Case reports are a fundamental tool through which therapeutic massage and bodywork (TMB) practitioners can inform research and impact their field by detailing the presentation, treatment, and follow-up of a single individual encountered in practice. Inconsistencies in case reporting limit their impact as fundamental sources of clinical evidence. Using the TMB-adapted CAse REport (CARE) guidelines, the current study sought to provide a rich description regarding the reporting quality of TMB practitioner authored TMB case reports in the literature...
September 2016: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
Mithilesh Dronavalli, Manavi M Bhagwat, Sandy Hamilton, Marisa Gilles, Jacquie Garton-Smith, Sandra C Thompson
Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) require ongoing treatment and support from their primary care provider to modify cardiovascular risk factors (including diet, exercise and mood), to receive evidence-based pharmacotherapies and be properly monitored and to ensure their take-up and completion of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This study assesses adherence to National Heart Foundation guidelines for ACS in primary care in a regional centre in Western Australia. Patients discharged from hospital after a coronary event (unstable angina or myocardial infarction) or a coronary procedure (stent or coronary artery bypass graft) were identified through general practice electronic medical records...
September 20, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Shoumei Jia, Bihong Huang, Yuanqian Chu, Yuhua Lu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to fluid-intake restrictions is one of the most common problems for hemodialysis (HD) patients. A combined approach that involves patients, healthcare professionals and caregiver inputs based on best practice is important for enhancing adherence within a busy health system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to promote evidence-based practice in the management of fluid-intake restrictions among HD patients in a HD center. METHODS: Six evidence-based criteria developed by the Joanna Briggs Institute were used as a basis for audits undertaken in the Hemodialysis Center of Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, mainly focusing on nurse education, fluid-intake management by patients and the role of caregivers in assisting with fluid-intake management by patients...
August 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Chellappa Vijayakumar, Nanda Kishore Maroju, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, K Satyanarayana Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Quality improvement is recognized as a major factor that can transform healthcare management. This study is a clinical audit that aims at analysing treatment time as a quality indicator and explores the role of setting a target treatment time on reducing treatment delays. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All newly diagnosed patients with breast cancer between September 2011 and August 2013 were included in the study. Clinical care pathway for breast cancer patients was standardized and the timeliness of care at each step of the pathway was calculated...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
Michelle L Allen, Albertine M B Van der Does, Colette Gunst
BACKGROUND: Foot screening is an important part of diabetic care as it prevents significant morbidity, loss of function and mortality from diabetic foot complications. However, foot screening is often neglected. AIM: This project was aimed at educating health care workers (HCWs) in a primary health care clinic to increase diabetic foot screening practices. SETTING: A primary health care clinic in the Western Cape province of South AfricaMethods: A quality improvement project was conducted...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Elizabeth A Lynch, Dominique A Cadilhac, Julie A Luker, Susan L Hillier
BACKGROUND: In 2011, more than half of the patients with stroke in Australian hospitals were not assessed for the need for rehabilitation. Further, there were no recommended criteria to guide rehabilitation assessment decisions. Subsequently, a decision-making tool called the Assessment for Rehabilitation Tool (ART) was developed. The ART was designed to assist Australian hospital clinicians to identify the rehabilitation needs of patients with stroke using evidence-based criteria. The ART was released and made freely available for use in 2012...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
N Rose, G P S Kwong, D S J Pang
OBJECTIVES: Use of clinical audits to assess and improve perioperative hypothermia management in client-owned dogs. METHODS: Two clinical audits were performed. In Audit 1 data were collected to determine the incidence and duration of perioperative hypothermia (defined as rectal temperatures <37·0°C). The results from Audit 1 were used to reach consensus on changes to be implemented to improve temperature management, including re-defining hypothermia as rectal temperature <37·5°C...
September 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Stephanie Bjerrum, Frank Bonsu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Ernest Kenu, Isik Somuncu Johansen, Aase Bengaard Andersen, Lars Bjerrum, Dorte Jarbøl, Anders Munck
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis screening of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can contribute to early tuberculosis diagnosis and improved patient outcomes. Evidence-based guidelines for tuberculosis screening are available, but literature assessing their implementation and the quality of clinical practice is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess tuberculosis screening practices and the effectiveness of audit and performance feedback to improve quality of tuberculosis screening at HIV care clinics in Ghana...
2016: Global Health Action
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