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Clinical audit tool

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157229/computer-model-for-the-cardiovascular-system-development-of-an-e-learning-tool-for-teaching-of-medical-students
#1
David Roy Warriner, Martin Bayley, Yubing Shi, Patricia Victoria Lawford, Andrew Narracott, John Fenner
BACKGROUND: This study combined themes in cardiovascular modelling, clinical cardiology and e-learning to create an on-line environment that would assist undergraduate medical students in understanding key physiological and pathophysiological processes in the cardiovascular system. METHODS: An interactive on-line environment was developed incorporating a lumped-parameter mathematical model of the human cardiovascular system. The model outputs were used to characterise the progression of key disease processes and allowed students to classify disease severity with the aim of improving their understanding of abnormal physiology in a clinical context...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135754/implementation-of-a-pediatric-behavioral-staffing-algorithm-in-an-acute-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#2
Tamara O'Connor
BACKGROUND: A progressive decline in acute psychiatric facility beds has led to a steadily increasing number of pediatric psychiatric patients hospitalized on acute care medical-surgical units. Clinical nurses in this environment feel ill-equipped to provide quality behavioral health care. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve continuity of care as well as staff and patient safety in pediatric acute and transitional care units. The specific objectives related to implementation of a resource allocation algorithm for staffing behavioral health admissions and consistent use of an interdisciplinary psychiatric huddle...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135753/prevention-of-neonatal-unplanned-extubations-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#3
Xiaojing Hu, Yuxia Zhang, Yun Cao, Guoying Huang, Yan Hu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Adverse events of mechanically ventilated neonates such as unplanned extubations may be associated with serious negative outcomes. Unplanned extubation rates have been monitored by many neonatal intensive care units as a quality of care metric. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to implement evidence-based best practice and assess the effects of these strategies on minimizing unplanned extubation in the neonatal intensive care unit in a large tertiary children's hospital...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125328/automated-retrieval-of-radiotherapy-data-for-clinical-trials-audit-and-research
#4
Marina Romanchikova, Karl Harrison, Neil G Burnet, Andrew Fc Hoole, Michael Pf Sutcliffe, Michael Andrew Parker, Rajesh Jena, Simon J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To enable fast and customisable automated collection of radiotherapy data from tomotherapy storage. METHODS: Human-readable data maps (TagMaps) were created to generate DICOM-RT data from tomotherapy archives, and provided access to "hidden" information comprising delivery sinograms, positional corrections and adaptive-RT doses. RESULTS: 797 datasets totalling 25,000 scans were batch-exported in 31.5 hours. All archived information was restored, including the data not available via commercial software...
November 10, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117959/barriers-and-facilitators-to-provide-quality-tia-care-in-the-veterans-healthcare-administration
#5
Teresa M Damush, Edward J Miech, Jason J Sico, Michael S Phipps, Greg Arling, Jared Ferguson, Charles Austin, Laura Myers, Fitsum Baye, Cherie Luckhurst, Ava B Keating, Eileen Moran, Dawn M Bravata
OBJECTIVE: To identify key barriers and facilitators to the delivery of guideline-based care of patients with TIA in the national Veterans Health Administration (VHA). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study of 70 audiotaped interviews of multidisciplinary clinical staff involved in TIA care at 14 VHA hospitals. We de-identified and analyzed all transcribed interviews. We identified emergent themes and patterns of barriers to providing TIA care and of facilitators applied to overcome these barriers...
November 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110667/a-complex-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-world-health-organization-guidelines-for-diagnosis-of-severe-illness-in-low-income-settings-a-quasi-experimental-study-from-uganda
#6
Matthew J Cummings, Elijah Goldberg, Savio Mwaka, Olive Kabajaasi, Eric Vittinghoff, Adithya Cattamanchi, Achilles Katamba, Nathan Kenya-Mugisha, Shevin T Jacob, J Lucian Davis
BACKGROUND: To improve management of severely ill hospitalized patients in low-income settings, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a triage tool called "Quick Check" to provide clinicians with a rapid, standardized approach to identify patients with severe illness based on recognition of abnormal vital signs. Despite the availability of these guidelines, recognition of severe illness remains challenged in low-income settings, largely as a result of infrequent vital sign monitoring...
November 6, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110186/patient-safety-ward-round-checklist-via-an-electronic-app-implications-for-harm-prevention
#7
C Keller, S Arsenault, M Lamothe, S R Bostan, R O'Donnell, J Harbison, C P Doherty
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety is a value at the core of modern healthcare. Though awareness in the medical community is growing, implementing systematic approaches similar to those used in other high reliability industries is proving difficult. The aim of this research was twofold, to establish a baseline for patient safety practices on routine ward rounds and to test the feasibility of implementing an electronic patient safety checklist application. METHODS: Two research teams were formed; one auditing a medical team to establish a procedural baseline of "usual care" practice and an intervention team concurrently was enforcing the implementation of the checklist...
November 6, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107565/rubber-stamp-templates-for-improving-clinical-documentation-a-paper-based-m-health-approach-for-quality-improvement-in-low-resource-settings
#8
Bernadette Kleczka, Anita Musiega, Grace Rabut, Phoebe Wekesa, Paul Mwaniki, Michael Marx, Pratap Kumar
BACKGROUND: The United Nations' Sustainable Development Goal #3.8 targets 'access to quality essential healthcare services'. Clinical practice guidelines are an important tool for ensuring quality of clinical care, but many challenges prevent their use in low-resource settings. Monitoring the use of guidelines relies on cumbersome clinical audits of paper records, and electronic systems face financial and other limitations. Here we describe a unique approach to generating digital data from paper using guideline-based templates, rubber stamps and mobile phones...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098431/an-app-for-patient-education-and-self-audit-within-an-enhanced-recovery-program-for-bowel-surgery-a-pilot-study-assessing-validity-and-usability
#9
Nicolò Pecorelli, Julio F Fiore, Pepa Kaneva, Abarna Somasundram, Patrick Charlebois, A Sender Liberman, Barry L Stein, Franco Carli, Liane S Feldman
INTRODUCTION: While patient engagement and clinical audit are key components of successful enhanced recovery programs (ERPs), they require substantial resource allocation. The objective of this study was to assess the validity and usability of a novel mobile device application for education and self-reporting of adherence for patients undergoing bowel surgery within an established ERP. METHODS: Prospectively recruited patients undergoing bowel surgery within an ERP used a novel app specifically designed to provide daily recovery milestones and record adherence to 15 different ERP processes and six patient-reported outcomes (PROs)...
November 2, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083436/the-mealtime-audit-tool-mat-inter-rater-reliability-testing-of-a-novel-tool-for-the-monitoring-and-assessment-of-food-intake-barriers-in-acute-care-hospital-patients
#10
J McCullough, H Marcus, H Keller
OBJECTIVES: Barriers to food intake (FI) exist in hospital that could exacerbate insufficient FI and malnutrition. The Mealtime Audit Tool (MAT) is a staff-administered clinical assessment tool to identify FI barriers for individual patients. Two studies were completed. The objectives of the first study were to test a draft version of the tool and characterize barriers to food intake in older adults in four diverse hospitals, while the second study aimed to demonstrate the inter-rater reliability of the revised MAT...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074728/compliance-with-nutrition-screening-in-a-children-s-hospital
#11
Luise V Marino, Robert Mark Beattie
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increased emphasis on the nutritional care of children in hospital with the recognition that those admitted to hospital, particularly with chronic conditions, are at significant nutrition risk. However, although nutrition risk screening tools (NRST) are widely used in acute hospital settings compliance with their use is poorly reported. METHODS: One-day cross-sectional audit of anthropometry/NRST records, Southampton Children's Hospital...
October 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069424/development-of-a-national-audit-tool-for-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-bspar-project-funded-by-the-health-care-quality-improvement-partnership
#12
Flora McErlane, Helen E Foster, Gillian Armitt, Kathryn Bailey, Joanna Cobb, Joyce E Davidson, Sharon Douglas, Andrew Fell, Mark Friswell, Clarissa Pilkington, Helen Strike, Nicola Smith, Wendy Thomson, Gavin Cleary
Objective: Timely access to holistic multidisciplinary care is the core principle underpinning management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Data collected in national clinical audit programmes fundamentally aim to improve health outcomes of disease, ensuring clinical care is equitable, safe and patient-centred. The aim of this study was to develop a tool for national audit of JIA in the UK. Methods: A staged and consultative methodology was used across a broad group of relevant stakeholders to develop a national audit tool, with reference to pre-existing standards of care for JIA...
October 23, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035967/pediatric-clinical-handover-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#13
Zhuowen Yu, Yuxia Zhang, Ying Gu, Xiaofeng Xu, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Communication of information between and among healthcare providers is an essential element of patient care. Poor clinical handover has been associated with inaccurate clinical assessment and diagnosis, delays in diagnosis, medication errors and decreased patient satisfaction. Effective and efficient transition of patient care information requires an evidence-based handover approach. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to make a contribution to promote evidence-based practice in clinical handover in a pediatric setting and thereby enhance patient safety and service delivery...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969766/comprehensive-auditing-in-nuclear-medicine-through-the-international-atomic-energy-agency-quality-management-audits-in-nuclear-medicine-quanum-program-part-1-the-quanum-program-and-methodology
#14
REVIEW
Maurizio Dondi, Leonel Torres, Mario Marengo, Teresa Massardo, Eyal Mishani, Annare Van Zyl Ellmann, Kishor Solanki, Angelika Bischof Delaloye, Enrique Estrada Lobato, Rodolfo Nunez Miller, Diana Paez, Thomas Pascual
An effective management system that integrates quality management is essential for a modern nuclear medicine practice. The Nuclear Medicine and Diagnostic Imaging Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has the mission of supporting nuclear medicine practice in low- and middle-income countries and of helping them introduce it in their health-care system, when not yet present. The experience gathered over several years has shown diversified levels of development and varying degrees of quality of practice, among others because of limited professional networking and limited or no opportunities for exchange of experiences...
November 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953830/audit-prescribing-prn-medication
#15
Duku Adelaide, Fathima Rawther
BACKGROUND: PRN prescriptions enablehealthcare staff to respond quickly to the urgent clinical needs of the user without having to contact the responsible clinician (RC). One problem, established amongst most institutions by NICE regarding the use of PRN, is that most of these institutions struggle to keep an updated or full record on the PRN medications. Thus, the aim of this audit was to check the record keeping of PRN medications, of two adolescent wards in St Andrews Healthcare Hospital, against the established standards...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953822/audit-on-the-quality-of-handovers-of-a-psychiatric-liaison-team-in-the-uk-a-short-report
#16
Trupti Koli, Maria Filippidou
BACKGROUND: The importance of handovers has been recognised and proven in clinical practice. In liaison psychiatry, this is particularly important due to the high turnover of patients seen, the shift work pattern and the number of member staff engaging in this process. An Audit on the Quality of Handovers was carried out within a Psychiatric Liaison team of a General hospital in UK with an intention to review and improve this. METHOD: Handovers were evaluated against the gold standard of the SBAR tool (Situation/Background/Assessment/Recommendations) over a period of 4 weeks...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927439/barriers-and-facilitators-towards-implementing-the-sepsis-six-care-bundle-bliss-1-a-mixed-methods-investigation-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#17
Neil Roberts, Guy Hooper, Fabiana Lorencatto, Wendell Storr, Michael Spivey
BACKGROUND: The 'Sepsis 6', a care bundle of basic, but vital, measures (e.g. intravenous fluid, antibiotics) has been implemented to improve sepsis treatment. However, uptake has been variable. Tools from behavioral sciences, such as the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) may be used to understand and address such implementation issues. This study used a behavioral science approach to identify barriers and facilitators towards Sepsis Six implementation at a case study hospital. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews based on the TDF were conducted with a sample group of consultants, junior doctors and nurses from Emergency Department, Medical and Surgical Admissions, to explore barriers/facilitators to Sepsis Six performance...
September 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919809/adequacy-of-cancer-related-pain-management-and-predictors-of-undertreatment-at-referral-to-a-pain-clinic
#18
Paulo Reis-Pina, Peter G Lawlor, António Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Several guidelines have advocated the need for adequate cancer-related pain (CRP) management. The pain management index (PMI) has been proposed as an auditable measure of the appropriateness for analgesic therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine the adequacy of CRP management based on the PMI status and its patient-related predictors at the point of referral to a pain clinic (PC). METHODS: Consecutive patients referred to a PC had standardized initial assessments and status documentation on the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) ratings; pain mechanism, using a neuropathic pain diagnostic questionnaire (the Douleur Neuropathique 4 tool); episodic pain; oral morphine equivalent daily dose; the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and the Emotion Thermometer scores; and cancer diagnosis, metastases, treatment, and pain duration...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903730/routine-monitoring-and-assessment-of-adults-living-with-hiv-results-of-the-british-hiv-association-bhiva-national-audit-2015
#19
A Molloy, H Curtis, F Burns, A Freedman
BACKGROUND: The clinical care of people living with HIV changed fundamentally as a result of the development of effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). HIV infection is now a long-term treatable condition. We report a national audit to assess adherence to British HIV Association guidelines for the routine investigation and monitoring of adult HIV-1-infected individuals. METHODS: All UK sites known as providers of adult HIV outpatient services were invited to complete a case-note review and a brief survey of local clinic practices...
September 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902702/assessment-and-management-of-burn-pain-at-the-komfo-anokye-teaching-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#20
Jonathan Bayuo, Zachary Munn, Jared Campbell
BACKGROUND: Pain management is a significant issue in health facilities in Ghana. For burn patients, this is even more challenging as burn pain has varied facets. Despite the existence of pharmacological agents for pain management, complaints of pain still persist. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to identify pain management practices in the burns units of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, compare these approaches to best practice, and implement strategies to enhance compliance to standards...
September 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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