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Neuropsychologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752678/the-number-weight-illusion
#1
Wolf Schwarz, Dennis Reike
When objects are manually lifted to compare their weight, then smaller objects are judged to be heavier than larger objects of the same physical weights: the classical size-weight illusion (Gregory, 2004). It is also well established that increasing numerical magnitude is strongly associated with increasing physical size: the number-size congruency effect e.g., (Besner & Coltheart Neuropsychologia, 17, 467-472 1979); Henik & Tzelgov Memory & Cognition, 10, 389-395 1982). The present study investigates the question suggested by combining these two classical effects: if smaller numbers are associated with smaller size, and objects of smaller size appear heavier, then are numbered objects (balls) of equal weight and size also judged as heavier when they carry smaller numbers? We present two experiments testing this hypothesis for weight comparisons of numbered (1 to 9) balls of equal size and weight, and report results which largely conform to an interpretation in terms of a new "number-weight illusion"...
May 11, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681081/what-makes-a-word-so-attractive-disclosing-the-urge-to-read-while-bisecting
#2
Luisa Girelli, Paola Previtali, Lisa S Arduino
Expert readers have been repeatedly reported to misperceive the centre of visual stimuli, shifting systematically to the left the bisection of any lines (pseudoneglect) while showing a cross-over effect while bisecting different types of orthographic strings (Arduino et al., 2010, Neuropsychologia, 48, 2140). This difference has been attributed to asymmetrical allocation of attention that visuo-verbal material receives when lexical access occurs (e.g., Fischer, 2004, Cognitive Brain Research, 4, 163). The aim of this study was to further examine which visual features guide recognition of potentially orthographic materials...
April 22, 2018: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665975/corrigendum-to-social-value-orientation-modulates-context-based-social-comparison-preference-in-the-outcome-evaluation-an-erp-study-neuropsychologia-112-2018-135-144
#3
Yanyan Qi, Syeda Raiha, Haiyan Wu, Xun Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544696/corrigendum-to-spontaneous-narrative-production-in-focal-neurodegenerative-disease-neuropsychologia-97-2015-158-171
#4
Kelly A Gola, Avril Thorne, Lisa D Veldhuisen, Cordula M Felix, Sarah Hankinson, Julie Pham, Tal Shany-Ur, Guido F Schauer, Christine M Stanley, Shenly Glenn, Bruce L Miller, Katherine P Rankin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330596/cognitive-functioning-is-it-all-or-none
#5
Isabel M Introzzi, María M Richard S, Ana Comesaña, Ana García Coni
Under various circumstances, the cognitive system operates in a global manner that is not very precise and barely discriminatory. This form of operating has been described via a general principal that Diamond (Developmental Psychology 45:130-138, 2009) has denominated the All or None Hypothesis. This author has described a set of corollaries derived from this hypothesis that make it possible to verify it in each one of these domains. Although there is evidence of the global and non-discriminate way in which the cognitive system operates in populations of children, to date, there are no studies that have examined whether this mode of operation is also present in populations of adults...
January 12, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314772/the-contribution-of-executive-control-to-semantic-cognition-convergent-evidence-from-semantic-aphasia-and-executive-dysfunction
#6
Hannah E Thompson, Azizah Almaghyuli, Krist A Noonan, Ohr Barak, Matthew A Lambon Ralph, Elizabeth Jefferies
Semantic cognition, as described by the controlled semantic cognition (CSC) framework (Rogers et al., , Neuropsychologia, 76, 220), involves two key components: activation of coherent, generalizable concepts within a heteromodal 'hub' in combination with modality-specific features (spokes), and a constraining mechanism that manipulates and gates this knowledge to generate time- and task-appropriate behaviour. Executive-semantic goal representations, largely supported by executive regions such as frontal and parietal cortex, are thought to allow the generation of non-dominant aspects of knowledge when these are appropriate for the task or context...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992942/erratum-to-a-watershed-model-of-individual-differences-in-fluid-intelligence-neuropsychologia-91-2016-186-198
#7
Rogier A Kievit, Simon W Davis, John Griffiths, Marta M Correia, Cam-Can, Richard N Henson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807328/corrigendum-to-neural-networks-underlying-language-and-social-cognition-during-self-other-processing-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-neuropsychologia-102-2017-116-123
#8
Rajesh K Kana, Emma B Sartin, Carl Stevens, Hrishikesh D Deshpande, Christopher Klein, Mark R Klinger, Laura Grofer Klinger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721517/vision-for-action-and-perception-elicit-dissociable-adherence-to-weber-s-law-across-a-range-of-graspable-target-objects
#9
Matthew Heath, Joseph Manzone, Michaela Khan, Shirin Davarpanah Jazi
A number of studies have reported that grasps and manual estimations of differently sized target objects (e.g., 20 through 70 mm) violate and adhere to Weber's law, respectively (e.g., Ganel et al. 2008a, Curr Biol 18:R599-R601)-a result interpreted as evidence that separate visual codes support actions (i.e., absolute) and perceptions (i.e., relative). More recent work employing a broader range of target objects (i.e., 5 through 120 mm) has laid question to this claim and proposed that grasps for 'larger' target objects (i...
October 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678886/gaze-centered-coding-of-proprioceptive-reach-targets-after-effector-movement-testing-the-impact-of-online-information-time-of-movement-and-target-distance
#10
Stefanie Mueller, Katja Fiehler
In previous research, we demonstrated that spatial coding of proprioceptive reach targets depends on the presence of an effector movement (Mueller & Fiehler, Neuropsychologia, 2014, 2016). In these studies, participants were asked to reach in darkness with their right hand to a proprioceptive target (tactile stimulation on the finger tip) while their gaze was varied. They either moved their left, stimulated hand towards a target location or kept it stationary at this location where they received a touch on the fingertip to which they reached with their right hand...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651812/erratum-to-age-related-differences-in-sleep-based-memory-consolidation-a-meta-analysis-neuropsychologia-97-2017-46-55
#11
Wen-Jun Gui, Hui-Jie Li, Yu-Hua Guo, Peng Peng, Xu Lei, Jing Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502226/stronger-interference-from-distractors-in-the-right-hemifield-during-visual-search
#12
Christophe Carlei, Dirk Kerzel
The orientation-bias hypothesis states that there is a bias to attend to the right visual hemifield (RVF) when there is spatial competition between stimuli in the left and right hemifield [Pollmann, S. (1996). A pop-out induced extinction-like phenomenon in neurologically intact subjects. Neuropsychologia, 34(5), 413-425. doi: 10.1016/0028-3932(95)00125-5 ]. In support of this hypothesis, stronger interference was reported for RVF distractors with contralateral targets. In contrast, previous studies using rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) found stronger interference from distractors in the left visual hemifield (LVF)...
March 2018: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358660/individual-differences-in-face-identity-processing-with-fast-periodic-visual-stimulation
#13
Buyun Xu, Joan Liu-Shuang, Bruno Rossion, James Tanaka
A growing body of literature suggests that human individuals differ in their ability to process face identity. These findings mainly stem from explicit behavioral tasks, such as the Cambridge Face Memory Test (CFMT). However, it remains an open question whether such individual differences can be found in the absence of an explicit face identity task and when faces have to be individualized at a single glance. In the current study, we tested 49 participants with a recently developed fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS) paradigm [Liu-Shuang, J...
August 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299409/nothing-magical-pantomimed-grasping-is-controlled-by-the-ventral-system
#14
Thijs Rinsma, John van der Kamp, Matt Dicks, Rouwen Cañal-Bruland
In a recent amendment to the two-visual-system model, it has been proposed that actions must result in tactile contact with the goal object for the dorsal system to become engaged (Whitwell et al., Neuropsychologia 55:41-50, 2014). The present study tested this addition by assessing the use of allocentric information in normal and pantomime actions. To this end, magicians, and participants who were inexperienced in performing pantomime actions made normal and pantomime grasps toward objects embedded in the Müller-Lyer illusion...
June 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280878/manual-estimations-of-functionally-graspable-target-objects-adhere-to-weber-s-law
#15
Matthew Heath, Joseph Manzone
The manual estimation task requires that participants separate the distance between their thumb and forefinger until they perceive it to match the size of a target object. Ganel and colleagues (Curr Biol 18:R599-R601, 2008a) demonstrated that manual estimations yield just-noticeable-difference (JND) scores that linearly increased with increasing target object size; that is, responses adhered to Weber's law and thus evince response mediation via relative and perception-based visual information. In turn, more recent work has reported that the size of a target object influences whether JNDs provide a reliable metric for evaluating the nature of the visual information supporting manual estimations...
June 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215450/corrigendum-to-overlapping-and-distinct-brain-regions-involved-in-estimating-the-spatial-position-of-numerical-and-non-numerical-magnitudes-an-fmri-study-neuropsychologia-51-5-2013-979-989
#16
Stephan E Vogel, Roland H Grabner, Michael Schneider, Robert S Siegler, Daniel Ansari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130715/exploring-the-origin-of-the-number-size-congruency-effect-sensitivity-or-response-bias
#17
Dennis Reike, Wolf Schwarz
Physical size modulates the efficiency of digit comparison, depending on whether the relation of numerical magnitude and physical size is congruent or incongruent (Besner & Coltheart, Neuropsychologia, 17, 467-472, 1979), the number-size congruency effect (NSCE). In addition, Henik and Tzelgov (Memory & Cognition, 10, 389-395, 1982) first reported an NSCE for the reverse task of comparing the physical size of digits such that the numerical magnitude of digits modulated the time required to compare their physical sizes...
February 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991181/the-pivotal-role-of-the-right-parietal-lobe-in-temporal-attention
#18
Sara Agosta, Denise Magnago, Sarah Tyler, Emily Grossman, Emanuela Galante, Francesco Ferraro, Nunzia Mazzini, Gabriele Miceli, Lorella Battelli
The visual system is extremely efficient at detecting events across time even at very fast presentation rates; however, discriminating the identity of those events is much slower and requires attention over time, a mechanism with a much coarser resolution [Cavanagh, P., Battelli, L., & Holcombe, A. O. Dynamic attention. In A. C. Nobre & S. Kastner (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of attention (pp. 652-675). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013]. Patients affected by right parietal lesion, including the TPJ, are severely impaired in discriminating events across time in both visual fields [Battelli, L...
May 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860305/forgetting-of-the-recollection-and-familiarity-components-of-recognition-in-patients-with-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment
#19
Maria Giovanna Lombardi, Roberta Perri, Lucia Fadda, Carlo Caltagirone, Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
INTRODUCTION: Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) are deficient in storing memory traces relative to recollective forms of declarative memory. Controversial data have, instead, been reported concerning the storage of new memory traces relative to familiarity, with some studies reporting impairment and others sparing of the storage of this form of memory. No data have been reported concerning the consolidation of recollection and familiarity memory traces subsequent to their storage...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553473/corrigendum-to-overlapping-and-distinct-brain-regions-involved-in-estimating-the-spatial-position-of-numerical-and-non-numerical-magnitudes-an-fmri-study-neuropsychologia-51-2013-979-989
#20
Stephan E Vogel, Roland H Grabner, Michael Schneider, Robert S Siegler, Daniel Ansari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
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