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Language assessment

Tijana Simic, Carol Leonard, Laura Laird, Jennifer Cupit, Fiona Höbler, Elizabeth Rochon
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the usability of delivering the Phonological Components Analysis treatment for anomia (Leonard, Rochon, & Laird, 2008) remotely via the Internet to individuals with chronic poststroke aphasia. A secondary aim was to probe the experiences and satisfaction of clinicians in administering treatment at a distance. Method: Six individuals with mild-moderate aphasia and 2 trained clinicians participated in this usability study. Participants and clinicians underwent approximately 6 hr of treatment under observation by an independent observer...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Stephanie DeAnda, Laura Bosch, Diane Poulin-Dubois, Pascal Zesiger, Margaret Friend
Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop the Language Exposure Assessment Tool (LEAT) and to examine its cross-linguistic validity, reliability, and utility. The LEAT is a computerized interview-style assessment that requests parents to estimate language exposure. The LEAT yields an automatic calculation of relative language exposure and captures qualitative aspects of early language experience. Method: Relative language exposure as reported on the LEAT and vocabulary size at 17 months of age were measured in a group of bilingual language learners with varying levels of exposure to French and English or Spanish and English...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Antoine Lanot, Thierry Lobbedez, Clémence Bechade, Christian Verger, Emmanuel Fabre, Max Dratwa, Isabelle Vernier
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend the use of a prophylactic antibiotic before the peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter can be inserted. The main objective of this study was to assess whether this practice is associated with a lower risk of early peritonitis and to estimate the magnitude of the centre effect. METHODS: A retrospective, multi-centric study was conducted, in which data from the French Language Peritoneal Dialysis Registry was analysed. Patients were separated into 2 groups based on whether or not prophylactic antibiotics were used prior to catheter placement...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
BACKGROUND, AIMS: The Smoking Abstinence Expectancies Questionnaire (SAEQ) is a quick and reliable scale assessing the expected consequences of short-term nicotine abstinence. The present study sought to translate the SAEQ to Italian and assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 366 daily smokers (59.3% female; mean (± SD) age = 34.0 ± 11.2 years; mean (± SD) cigarettes smoked per day = 13.2 ± 7.5; mean (± SD) years of smoking = 11.3 ± 9.2 years) completed the SAEQ and a series of rating scales measuring nicotine dependence, alcohol use, anxiety and depressive symptoms at baseline and after 3 months (retest)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Gonçalo S Duarte, Mafalda Castelão, Filipe B Rodrigues, Raquel E Marques, Joaquim Ferreira, Cristina Sampaio, Austen P Moore, João Costa
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2003. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a disabling disorder characterised by painful involuntary head posturing. There are two available formulations of botulinum toxin, with botulinum toxin type A (BtA) usually considered the first line therapy for this condition. Botulinum toxin type B (BtB) is an alternative option, with no compelling theoretical reason why it might not be as- or even more effective - than BtA...
October 26, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Shri Ram
BACKGROUND: This study is a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the global research trends on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) (popularly known as Ice Bucket Challenge), through related literatures retrieved from SCOPUS multidisciplinary database for the period 1974-2013. PURPOSE: This study is aimed at analyzing the literature on ALS in terms of document type, language, annual growth, productive country, journal, authors, subject, and most cited articles...
October 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Frank C Detterbeck, Daniel J Boffa, Anthony W Kim, Lynn T Tanoue
Stage classification provides a nomenclature about the anatomic extent of a cancer; a consistent language provides the ability to communicate about a specific patient and about cohorts of patients in clinical studies. This paper summarizes the 8(th) edition of lung cancer stage classification, which is the worldwide standard as of January 1, 2017. This revision is based on a large global database, a sophisticated analysis, extensive internal validation as well as multiple assessments confirming generalizability...
October 22, 2016: Chest
Ryan Mattie, Joseph Wong, Zachary McCormick, Sloane Yu, Mikhail Saltychev, Katri Laimi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the literature to determine whether controlled studies on percutaneous tenotomy have been published, and if so, to systematically assess the efficacy of percutaneous tenotomy for the treatment of tendinosis at the lateral epicondyle of the elbow. DESIGN: Systematic review of the available literature. METHODS: Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Web of Science databases were searched in November 2015, unrestricted by date...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Lauri H Nelson, Lindsey Herde, Karen Munoz, Karl R White, Michael D Page
OBJECTIVE: To explore parent perceptions of communication and academic experiences of cochlear implant (CI) recipients under the age of 18. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. Two surveys (K-12, birth-5) queried parent perceptions of the impact of CI on communication, listening in various environments and academic achievement. Surveys contained 16-23 multiple choice and/or Likert ratings, plus four open-ended questions to assess reasons for obtaining a CI, satisfaction with CI and suggestions for professionals...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
Andrew B Schenkel, Ivy Peltz, Analia Veitz-Keenan
BACKGROUND: Resin-based composite (RBC) is currently accepted as a viable material for the restoration of caries for posterior permanent teeth requiring surgical treatment. Despite the fact that the thermal conductivity of the RBC restorative material closely approximates that of natural tooth structure, postoperative hypersensitivity is sometimes still an issue. Dental cavity liners have historically been used to protect the pulp from the toxic effects of some dental restorative materials and to prevent the pain of thermal conductivity by placing an insulating layer between restorative material and the remaining tooth structure...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Germán Valero, Paula Cárdenas
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) uses the Moodle learning management system for formative and summative computer assessment. The authors of this article-the teacher primarily responsible for Moodle implementation and a researcher who is a recent Moodle adopter-describe and discuss the students' and teachers' attitudes to summative and formative computer assessment in Moodle. Item analysis of quiz results helped us to identify and fix poorly performing questions, which greatly reduced student complaints and improved objective assessment...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ursula Christmann, Anne-Louise Göhring
According to the metaphorical framing model, the use of metaphors in discussing an issue influences recipients' understanding and assessment of that issue. In a recent study, participants read a text referring to a city's crime problem either as a beast or a virus and then proposed counter-measures for that problem. Participants' suggestions differed depending on the metaphor they had read. This replication matched the original procedure regarding the content of the rhetorical figures (beast vs virus), the topic under focus (crime) and the measurement of the dependent variable (open-end format to collect participants' proposals)...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Data
Declan T Millett, Anne-Marie Glenny, Rye Cr Mattick, Joy Hickman, Nicky A Mandall
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic treatment involves using fixed or removable appliances (dental braces) to correct the positions of teeth. It has been shown that the quality of treatment result obtained with fixed appliances is much better than with removable appliances. Fixed appliances are, therefore, favoured by most orthodontists for treatment. The success of a fixed orthodontic appliance depends on the metal attachments (brackets and bands) being attached securely to the teeth so that they do not become loose during treatment...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fang Hua, Huixu Xie, Helen V Worthington, Susan Furness, Qi Zhang, Chunjie Li
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is defined as pneumonia developing in people who have received mechanical ventilation for at least 48 hours. VAP is a potentially serious complication in these patients who are already critically ill. Oral hygiene care (OHC), using either a mouthrinse, gel, toothbrush, or combination, together with aspiration of secretions, may reduce the risk of VAP in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of oral hygiene care on incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation in hospital intensive care units (ICUs)...
October 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Meredith A Heberer, Ian K Komenaka, Jesse N Nodora, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Sonal G Gandhi, Lauren E Welch, Marcia E Bouton, Paula Aristizabal, Barry D Weiss, Maria Elena Martinez
AIM: To identify factors associated with Papanicolaou-smear (Pap-smear) cervical cancer screening rates in a safety net population. METHODS: From January 2012 to May 2013, the use of Pap-smear was determined for all patients seen at the breast clinic in a safety net hospital. Health literacy assessment was performed using the validated Newest Vital Sign. The records of patients were reviewed to determine if they had undergone Pap-smears for cervical cancer screening...
October 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
Hossein Fakhrzadeh, Shirin Djalalinia, Mojdeh Mirarefin, Tahereh Arefirad, Hamid Asayesh, Saeid Safiri, Elham Samami, Morteza Mansourian, Morteza Shamsizadeh, Mostafa Qorbani
Introduction: Physical inactivity is one of the most important risk factors for chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and stroke. We aim to conduct a systematic review of the prevalence of physical inactivity in Iran. Methods: We searched international databases; ISI, PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and national databases Irandoc, Barakat knowledge network system, and Scientific Information Database (SID). We collected data for outcome measures of prevalence of physical inactivity by sex, age, province, and year...
2016: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
Lindsay Steele, Emma Orefuwa, Petra Dickmann
BACKGROUND: Early detection of infectious disease outbreaks can reduce the ultimate size of the outbreak with lower overall morbidity and mortality due to the disease. Numerous approaches exist with the aim of detecting outbreaks earlier, and methods have been developed to measure progress on timeliness. Understanding why these surveillance approaches work and don't work will elucidate key drivers of early detection, and can guide interventions to achieve earlier detection. Without clarity about necessary conditions for earlier detection and their influencing factors, attempts to improve surveillance will be ad-hoc and unsystematic...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Joshua B Knolhoff, Brano Djenic, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Marcia E Bouton, Ian K Komenaka
BACKGROUND: Missed appointments are problematic because they occupy an appointment that could have been used by another patient and represent lost resources for the hospital system. The objective of this study was to determine patient-related factors associated with missed appointments. METHODS: Totally, 1,624 patients were seen from January 14, 2010 to January 16, 2012. Sociodemographic variables were collected including health literacy assessment, electronic medical record system-collected scheduled appointments and missed appointments for each patient...
October 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Victoria L Ewing, Rachel Tolhurst, Andrew Kapinda, Esther Richards, Dianne J Terlouw, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: This study used qualitative methods to investigate the relationship between geographic access and gendered intra-household hierarchies and how these influence treatment-seeking decision-making for childhood fever within the Chikwawa district of Malawi. Previous cross-sectional survey findings in the district indicated that distance from facility and associated costs are important determinants of health facility attendance in the district. This paper uses qualitative data to add depth of understanding to these findings by exploring the relationship between distance from services, anticipated costs and cultural norms of intra-household decision-making, and to identify potential intervention opportunities to reduce challenges experienced by those in remote locations...
October 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
Heinz Lohrer, Tanja Nauck, Vasileios Korakakis, Nikos Malliaropoulos
BACKGROUND: The FASH (Functional Assessment Scale for Acute Hamstring Injuries) questionnaire has been recently developed as a disease-specific self-administered questionnaire for use in Greek, English, and German languages. Its psychometric qualities (validity and reliability) were tested only in Greek-speaking patients mainly representing track and field athletes. As hamstring injuries represent the most common football injury, we tested the validity and reliability of the FASH-G (G = German version) questionnaire in German-speaking footballers suffering from acute hamstring injuries...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
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