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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324903/instrumental-assessment-of-pediatric-dysphagia
#1
Joan C Arvedson, Maureen A Lefton-Greif
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have fulfilled primary roles in the evaluation and management of children with feeding/swallowing disorders for more than five decades. The increased incidence and prevalence of newborns, infants, and children with feeding and swallowing disorders has resulted in increased use of instrumental swallowing evaluations. The videofluoroscopic swallow study and fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing are the two most commonly used swallowing assessments by SLPs, with ultrasound used less frequently...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324897/neonatal-feeding-behavior-as-a-complex-dynamical-system
#2
Eugene C Goldfield, Jennifer Perez, Katherine Engstler
The requirements of evidence-based practice in 2017 are motivating new theoretical foundations and methodological tools for characterizing neonatal feeding behavior. Toward that end, this article offers a complex dynamical systems perspective. A set of critical concepts from this perspective frames challenges faced by speech-language pathologists and allied professionals: when to initiate oral feeds, how to determine the robustness of neonatal breathing during feeding and appropriate levels of respiratory support, what instrumental assessments of swallow function to use with preterm neonates, and whether or not to introduce thickened liquids...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324696/online-neural-monitoring-of-statistical-learning
#3
Laura J Batterink, Ken A Paller
The extraction of patterns in the environment plays a critical role in many types of human learning, from motor skills to language acquisition. This process is known as statistical learning. Here we propose that statistical learning has two dissociable components: (1) perceptual binding of individual stimulus units into integrated composites and (2) storing those integrated representations for later use. Statistical learning is typically assessed using post-learning tasks, such that the two components are conflated...
February 24, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#4
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319996/oral-direct-acting-agent-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-a-systematic-review
#6
Oluwaseun Falade-Nwulia, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, David R Nelson, Michael W Fried, Jodi B Segal, Mark S Sulkowski
Background: Rapid improvements in hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapy have led to the approval of multiple oral direct-acting antiviral (DAA) regimens by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of chronic HCV infection. Purpose: To summarize published literature on the efficacy and safety of oral DAAs for treatment of persons with chronic HCV infection. Data Sources: MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception through 1 November 2016. Study Selection: 42 English-language studies from controlled and single-group registered clinical trials of adults with HCV infection that evaluated at least 8 weeks of an FDA-approved interferon-free HCV regimen that included at least 2 DAAs...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319269/withdrawn-trimetazidine-for-stable-angina
#7
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Rudolf Pizarro, Jeff Harrison
BACKGROUND: Patients with stable angina not controlled by monotherapy with nitrates, beta blockers, or calcium channel blockers are often treated with combinations of these drugs. There may be adverse effects from, or contraindications to, the use of combinations. In low risk groups, medical treatment appears to be as good an option as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in terms of averting myocardial infarction, death, or subsequent revascularization. Revascularization procedures are too costly or inaccessible for many patients in developing countries therefore effective and safe medical treatment is needed...
March 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319161/intranasal-ketamine-for-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-in-children-a-systematic-review
#8
Naveen Poonai, Kyle Canton, Samina Ali, Shawn Hendrikx, Amit Shah, Michael Miller, Gary Joubert, Michael Rieder, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is commonly used for procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in children. Evidence suggests it can be administered intranasally (IN). We sought to review the evidence for IN ketamine for PSA in children. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized trials of IN ketamine in PSA that reported any sedation-related outcome in children 0 to 19 years. Trials were identified through electronic searches of MEDLINE (1946-2016), EMBASE (1947-2016), Google Scholar (2016), CINAHL (1981-2016), The Cochrane Library (2016), Web of Science (2016), Scopus (2016), clinical trial registries, and conference proceedings (2000-2016) without language restrictions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317276/important-considerations-in-lesion-symptom-mapping-illustrations-from-studies-of-word-comprehension
#9
Hinna Shahid, Rajani Sebastian, Tatiana T Schnur, Taylor Hanayik, Amy Wright, Donna C Tippett, Julius Fridriksson, Chris Rorden, Argye E Hillis
Lesion-symptom mapping is an important method of identifying networks of brain regions critical for functions. However, results might be influenced substantially by the imaging modality and timing of assessment. We tested the hypothesis that brain regions found to be associated with acute language deficits depend on (1) timing of behavioral measurement, (2) imaging sequences utilized to define the "lesion" (structural abnormality only or structural plus perfusion abnormality), and (3) power of the study. We studied 191 individuals with acute left hemisphere stroke with MRI and language testing to identify areas critical for spoken word comprehension...
March 20, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317166/the-relationship-of-specific-items-on-the-neuropsychiatric-inventory-to-caregiver-burden-in-dementia-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Toril Marie Terum, John Roger Andersen, Arvid Rongve, Dag Aarsland, Ellen J Svendsboe, Ingelin Testad
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPSs) are common in dementia, and they have been identified as important care-recipient variables in terms of their impact on caregiver burden. The aim of this review was to describe how individual NPSs in dementia, assessed using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory, are associated with caregiver burden. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of English language, peer-reviewed articles retrieved from MEDLINE, PSYCINFO, and EMBASE...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316907/sleep-apps-and-behavioral-constructs-a-content-analysis
#11
Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Jong Cheol Shin, Dayanna M Reeves, Ariana Beattie, Evan Auguste, Girardin Jean-Louis
Although sleep apps are among the most popular commercially available health apps, little is known about how well these apps are grounded in behavioral theory. Three-hundred and sixty-nine apps were initially identified using the term "sleep" from the Google play store and Apple iTunes in September 2015. The final sample consisted of 35 apps that met the following inclusion criteria: 1) Stand-alone functionality; 2) Sleep tracker or monitor apps ranked by 100 + users; 3) Sleep Alarm apps ranked by 1000 + users; and 4) English language...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316892/from-big-data-to-diagnosis-and-prognosis-gene-expression-signatures-in-liver-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Hong Yang, Xin Zhang, Xiao-Yong Cai, Dong-Yue Wen, Zhi-Hua Ye, Liang Liang, Lu Zhang, Han-Lin Wang, Gang Chen, Zhen-Bo Feng
BACKGROUND: Liver hepatocellular carcinoma accounts for the overwhelming majority of primary liver cancers and its belated diagnosis and poor prognosis call for novel biomarkers to be discovered, which, in the era of big data, innovative bioinformatics and computational techniques can prove to be highly helpful in. METHODS: Big data aggregated from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Natural Language Processing were integrated to generate differentially expressed genes...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#13
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315802/upper-thoracic-versus-lower-thoracic-as-site-of-upper-instrumented-vertebrae-for-long-fusion-surgery-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-meta-analysis-of-proximal-junctional-kyphosis
#14
Ming Luo, Pu Wang, Wengang Wang, Mingkui Shen, Genzhong Xu, Lei Xia
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was performed to compare incidence rates of radiographic and surgical proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) between upper thoracic (UT) versus lower thoracic (LT) as site of upper-instrumented vertebrae (UIV) endpoints for long fusion surgery in adult spinal deformity (ASD). METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched for English-language articles that addressed the UT versus LT fixation strategies. The division of the UT and LT groups was based on UIV...
March 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306725/maternal-vitamin-d-insufficiency-and-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-and-birth-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#15
A Kofi Amegah, Moses K Klevor, Carol L Wagner
BACKGROUND: Three previous reviews on the association of vitamin D insufficiency in pregnancy with preterm birth (PTB) and stillbirth were limited in scope and deemed inconclusive. With important new evidence accumulating, there is the need to update the previous estimates and assess evidence on other clinically important outcomes such as spontaneous abortion and Apgar score. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the quality and strength of the available evidence on the relations between vitamin D nutritional status, and pregnancy and birth outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304415/vaginal-obliterative-procedures-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-a-systematic-review
#16
Gunhilde M Buchsbaum, Toy Gee Lee
Importance: Pelvic organ prolapse is a common condition, the prevalence of which is likely to increase with the aging of our population. Also changing are parameters by which outcomes are assessed, shifting toward patient-centered care. Objective: To review vaginal obliterative procedures for surgical treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse historically and to discuss evidence on indications for colpocleisis, outcomes, and complications, as well as review pros and cons for concomitant vaginal hysterectomy and anti-incontinence procedures...
March 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303552/european-radiographers-challenges-from-mammography-education-and-clinical-practice-an-integrative-review
#17
Eija Metsälä, Nicole Richli Meystre, José Pires Jorge, Anja Henner, Tiina Kukkes, Cláudia Sá Dos Reis
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify European radiographers' challenges in clinical performance in mammography and the main areas of mammography that require more and better training. METHODS: An extensive search was performed to identify relevant studies focused on clinical practice, education and training in mammography published between January 2010 and December 2015 in the English language. The data were analysed by using deductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: A total of 27 full text articles were read, evaluating their quality...
March 16, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303358/the-effect-of-balneotherapy-on-pain-relief-stiffness-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-meta-analysis
#18
Hiromi Matsumoto, Hiroshi Hagino, Kunihiko Hayashi, Yuki Ideno, Takashi Wada, Toru Ogata, Masami Akai, Atsushi Seichi, Tsutomu Iwaya
This meta-analysis was performed to determine the effect of balneotherapy on relieving pain and stiffness and improving physical function, compared to controls, among patients with knee osteoarthritis. We searched electronic databases for eligible studies published from 2004 to December 31, 2016, with language restrictions of English or Japanese. We screened publications in Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society Database using two approaches, MeSH terms and free words. Studies that examined the effect of balneotherapy for treating knee osteoarthritis of a ≥2-week duration were included...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303273/practice-patterns-of-speech-language-pathologists-in-pediatric-vocal-health
#19
Naomi A Hartley, Maia Braden, Susan L Thibeault
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current practices of speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in the management of pediatric vocal health, with specific analysis of the influence of clinical specialty and workplace setting on management approaches. Method: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association-certified clinicians providing services within the United States (1%-100% voice caseload) completed an anonymous online survey detailing clinician demographics; employment location and service delivery models; approaches to continuing professional development; and specifics of case management, including assessment, treatment, and discharge procedures...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303211/real-time-three-dimensional-echocardiography-characterization-of-cardiac-anatomy-and-function-current-clinical-applications-and-literature-review-update
#20
REVIEW
Omar Velasco, Morgan Q Beckett, Aaron W James, Megan N Loehr, Taylor G Lewis, Tahmin Hassan, Rajesh Janardhanan
Our review of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) discusses the diagnostic utility of RT3DE and provides a comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in clinical cardiology. A Pubmed literature search on RT3DE was performed using the following key words: transthoracic, two-dimensional, three-dimensional, real-time, and left ventricular (LV) function. Articles included perspective clinical studies and meta-analyses in the English language, and focused on the role of RT3DE in human subjects...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
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