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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156638/development-of-evidence-based-disease-education-literature-for-pakistani-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#1
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Muhammad Tariq Aftab, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Fatima Zehra, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Rheumatoid arthritis affects 0.5% to 1% of the population globally and is one of the most common causes of disability. Patient education plays a key role in improving treatment outcomes. The purpose of this study was to discuss the process involved in designing an evidence-based disease education literature for rheumatoid arthritis patients of Pakistan in Urdu language with culturally relevant illustrations. A study was conducted to develop disease education literature using Delphi consensus, content validity, and patient feedback...
November 20, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156335/thyroid-disruption-and-reduced-mental-development-in-children-from-an-informal-e-waste-recycling-area-a-mediation-analysis
#2
Lian Liu, Bo Zhang, Kun Lin, Yuling Zhang, Xijin Xu, Xia Huo
This paper aims to evaluate the effects of thyroid disruption on the mental development of children. A total of 258 three-year-old children in Guiyu (e-waste-exposed group) and Nanao (reference group), China were examined. FT3, FT4, TSH, lead (BPb) and cadmium (BCd) in blood were determined, and cognitive and language scores of children were assessed based on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III. Stepwise multiple regression was used to estimate the relationship between heavy metals and cognitive and language scores; mediation analysis was performed to determine whether thyroid disruption was mechanistically involved...
November 13, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#3
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155288/investigation-of-the-practices-legislation-supply-chain-and-regulation-of-opioids-for-clinical-pain-management-in-southern-africa-a-multi-sectoral-cross-national-mixed-methods-study
#4
Eve Namisango, Matthew J Allsop, Richard A Powell, Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, Emmanuel Bk Luyirika, Fatia Kiyange, Edward Mukooza, Chris Ntege, Eunice Garanganga, Mavis Ntombifuthi Ginindza-Mdluli, Faith Mwangi-Powell, Lidia Justino Mondlane, Richard Harding
CONTEXT: Sub-Saharan Africa faces an increasing incidence and prevalence of life-limiting and life-threatening conditions. These conditions are associated with a significant burden of pain linked to high morbidity and disability that is poorly assessed and undertreated. Barriers to effective pain management partly relate to lack of access to opioid analgesia and challenges in their administration. OBJECTIVES: To identify country-specific and broader regional barriers to access, as well as the administration of opioids, and generate recommendations for advancing pain management in Southern Africa...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154858/visuospatial-function-predicts-one-week-motor-skill-retention-in-cognitively-intact-older-adults
#5
Jennapher Lingo VanGilder, Caitlin Rose Hengge, Kevin Duff, Sydney Yoshie Schaefer
Motor learning declines with aging, such that older adults retain less motor skill after practice compared to younger adults. However, it remains unclear if these motor learning declines are related to normal cognitive changes associated with aging. The purpose of this study was to examine which cognitive domains would best predict the amount of retention on a motor task one week after training in cognitively intact older adults. Twenty-one adults ages 65 to 84 years old were assessed with Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status, which assesses five cognitive domains (immediate and delayed memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, and attention)...
November 14, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154815/vitamin-d-and-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Wei-Ling Huang, Jun Yang, Jian Yang, Hui-Bo Wang, Chao-Jun Yang, Ying Yang
OBJECTIVES: To research vitamin D levels in the prevention of new-onset atrial fibrillation(AF), we conducting a systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: The MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched for English-language RCTs published before September 2016.We focus on the vitamin D levels in the prevention of new-onset AF. The outcomes assessed were vitamin D levels, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and Left atrium diameter...
November 14, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154651/reducing-the-language-content-in-tom-tests-a-developmental-scale
#7
Morgane Burnel, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Anne Reboul, Monica Baciu, Stephanie Durrleman
The goal of the current study was to statistically evaluate the reliable scalability of a set of tasks designed to assess Theory of Mind (ToM) without language as a confounding variable. This tool might be useful to study ToM in populations where language is impaired or to study links between language and ToM. Low verbal versions of the ToM tasks proposed by Wellman and Liu (2004) for their scale were tested in 234 children (2.5 years to 11.9 years). Results showed that 5 of the tasks formed a scale according to both Guttman and Rasch models whereas all 6 tasks could form a scale according to the Rasch model only...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154481/bayesian-word-learning-in-multiple-language-environments
#8
Benjamin D Zinszer, Sebi V Rolotti, Fan Li, Ping Li
Infant language learners are faced with the difficult inductive problem of determining how new words map to novel or known objects in their environment. Bayesian inference models have been successful at using the sparse information available in natural child-directed speech to build candidate lexicons and infer speakers' referential intentions. We begin by asking how a Bayesian model optimized for monolingual input (the Intentional Model; Frank et al., 2009) generalizes to new monolingual or bilingual corpora and find that, especially in the case of the bilingual input, the model shows a significant decrease in performance...
November 20, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154283/longitudinal-neuroimaging-analysis-in%C3%A2-mild-moderate-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-treated-with-plasma-exchange-with%C3%A2-5-human-albumin
#9
Gemma Cuberas-Borrós, Isabel Roca, Mercè Boada, Lluís Tárraga, Isabel Hernández, Mar Buendia, Lourdes Rubio, Gustavo Torres, Ángel Bittini, Juan A Guzmán-de-Villoria, Francesc Pujadas, Mireia Torres, Laura Núñez, Joan Castell, Antonio Páez
BACKGROUND: Recently, modifications of Aβ1-42 levels in CSF and plasma associated with improvement in memory and language functions have been observed in patients with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD) treated with plasma exchange (PE) with albumin replacement. OBJECTIVE: To detect structural and functional brain changes in PE-treated AD patients as part of a Phase II clinical trial. METHODS: Patients received between 3 and 18 PE with albumin (Albutein® 5%, Grifols) or sham-PE (controls) for 21 weeks (divided in one intensive and two maintenance periods) followed by 6-month follow-up...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154058/herbal-medicines-for-treating-acute-otitis-media-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Mi Ju Son, Young-Eun Kim, Young Il Song, Yun Hee Kim
INTRODUCTION: This systematic review aimed to assess the clinical evidence for the widespread use of herbal medicines in treating acute otitis media. METHODS: Eleven electronic databases, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the CENTRAL were searched, without language limitations. All randomised controlled trials involving the use of herbal medicines, alone or in combination with conventional therapies, for acute otitis media were included. RESULTS: We identified 4956 studies, of which seven randomised clinical trials met the inclusion criteria...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153766/ethnicity-and-maternal-and-child-health-outcomes-and-service-coverage-in-western-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Yuan Huang, David Shallcross, Li Pi, Fan Tian, Jay Pan, Carine Ronsmans
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of accurate information about health outcomes and health service coverage among ethnic minorities in China. We assessed maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes and service coverage among ethnic minorities compared with Han populations in western China. METHODS: We did a systematic review searching English (Embase, MEDLINE, Web of Science) and Chinese (China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], VIP, Wanfang) databases for population-based studies comparing MCH indicators between ethnic minorities between Jan 1, 1990, and Nov 9, 2016, in any language...
November 16, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153592/missing-the-mark-for-patient-engagement-mhealth-literacy-strategies-and-behavior-change-processes-in-smoking-cessation-apps
#12
Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, Michael L Stellefson, Janice L Krieger
OBJECTIVE: To examine how Transtheoretical Model (TTM)'s processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies are employed in mobile smoking cessation apps. METHODS: A purposive sample of 100 iTunes apps were coded to assess descriptive (price, type, developer, user-rating) and engagement metrics, including processes of change and mHealth literacy strategies (plain language, usability, interactivity). One-way ANOVAs and independent samples t-tests examined associations between descriptive and engagement metrics...
November 12, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153591/informing-physician-strategies-to-overcome-language-barriers-in-encounters-with-pediatric-patients
#13
Natalie Guerrero, Alissa L Small, Rebecca J Schwei, Elizabeth A Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: To describe physician perceptions of differences in limited English proficient (LEP) pediatric encounters and the behavioral adaptations they make to provide quality care to LEP pediatric patients. METHODS: We conducted 30min, semi-structured interviews with 6 family physicians and 5 pediatricians in one health system. Audiotapes from each interview were transcribed verbatim then coded using content analysis. RESULTS: Multiple aspects of the LEP pediatric encounter were perceived by physicians as different from other encounters: trust and relationship between physician and LEP child/child's family, continuity of care, encounter's structure and flow, patient assessment, and communication barriers...
November 15, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153448/evidence-of-disturbances-of-deep-levels-of-semantic-cohesion-within-personal-narratives-in-schizophrenia
#14
Jon A Willits, Timothy Rubin, Michael N Jones, Kyle S Minor, Paul H Lysaker
Since initial conceptualizations, schizophrenia has been thought to involve core disturbances in the ability to form complex, integrated ideas. Although this has been studied in terms of formal thought disorder, the level of involvement of altered latent semantic structure is less clear. To explore this question, we compared the personal narratives of adults with schizophrenia (n=200) to those produced by an HIV+ sample (n=55) using selected indices from Coh-Metrix. Coh-Metrix is a software system designed to compute various language usage statistics from transcribed written and spoken language documents...
November 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153386/new-normative-data-from-the-spanish-language-version-of-the-repeatable-battery-for-the-assessment-of-neuropsychological-status-rbans-form-a
#15
S Muntal, E Doval, D Badenes, L Casas-Hernanz, N Cerulla, N Calzado, M Aguilar
INTRODUCTION: The Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) is frequently used in clinical practice to evaluate cognitive function. It is quick to administer (20-30minutes) and is not influenced by a learning effect. The RBANS includes 4 parallel versions and has a high discriminative ability. Our study provides normative data from the RBANS-E (Spanish-language version of RBANS form A) for a Spanish population aged 20 to 89 years. METHODS: The study included 609 subjects aged 20 to 89 years...
November 15, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153191/atresiaplasty-in-congenital-aural-atresia-what-the-facial-plastic-surgeon-needs-to-know
#16
REVIEW
Douglas S Ruhl, Bradley W Kesser
Patients with microtia and congenital aural atresia should have a comprehensive hearing assessment early in life. Options for hearing habilitation should be presented, and children with bilateral aural atresia should be fitted with a bone conducting hearing device to support normal speech and language development. If atresia surgery is pursued, the microtia surgeon must be aware of certain principles. This article presents recommendations on options for potentially improving hearing in children with congenital aural atresia: assessing surgical candidacy; chronology and timing of surgeries; functional importance of certain ear structures; and understanding the possible locations of an aberrant facial nerve to avoid injury in these patients...
February 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152787/an-oral-hygiene-protocol-improves-oral-health-for-patients-in-inpatient-stroke-rehabilitation
#17
Joanne Murray, Ingrid Scholten
THE OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a simple oral hygiene protocol improves the oral health of inpatients in stroke rehabilitation. THE BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Poor oral health can lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia. The comorbidities associated with stroke, such as dysphagia, hemiparesis and cognitive impairment, can further impede independent oral care. International stroke guidelines recommend routine oral care but stop short of detailing specific regimes...
November 20, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152315/a-pilot-survey-of-farm-animal-welfare-in-serbia-a-country-preparing-for-eu-accession
#18
Clare J Phythian, Siobhan Mullan, Andrew Butterworth, Sarah Lambton, Jelena Ilić, Jelena Burazerović, Elvir Burazerović, Katharine A Leach
The selection and field application of animal-based welfare measures for pigs, sheep, dairy cows and broilers was the first step towards the future development of welfare improvement schemes for Serbia - a country that is applying for EU accession. The aim of this pilot study was to: (1) test the feasibility of a protocol for monitoring farm animal welfare in Serbia, (2) ascertain preliminary data on animal-based outcomes of farm welfare and (3) gain insight into Serbian farmers' understanding of animal welfare as part of a wider project working towards inclusion of animal-based assessments in a 'higher welfare' voluntary assurance scheme...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151111/readability-assessment-of-patient-education-material-published-by-german-speaking-associations-of-urology
#19
Patrick Betschart, Valentin Zumstein, Omar Hasan Ali, Hans-Peter Schmid, Dominik Abt
OBJECTIVE: To assess the readability and comprehensibility of web-based German-language patient education material (PEM) issued by urological associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: German PEM available in June 2017 was obtained from the European Association of Urology (EAU), German (DGU), Swiss (SGU) and Austrian (ÖGU) Association of Urology websites. Each educational text was analyzed separately using 4 well-established readability assessment tools: the Amstad Test (AT), G-SMOG (SMOG), Wiener Sachtextformel (WS) and the Lesbarkeitsindex (LIX)...
November 18, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150522/addressing-decisional-conflict-about-fertility-preservation-helping-young-female-cancer-survivors-family-planning-decisions
#20
Madleina Müller, Corinne Urech, Jacky Boivin, Verena Ehrbar, Rebecca Moffat, Rosanna Zanetti Daellenbach, Christoph Rochlitz, Sibil Tschudin
BACKGROUND: Health professionals are challenged by a growing number of young long-term cancer survivors with their specific needs with regard to family planning. This study aimed at assessing decisional conflict (DC) in young female cancer patients regarding fertility preservation, identifying demographic, fertility and fertility preservation related factors, which may affect DC, and assessing the helpfulness of various decision-supports. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional, web-based survey via an online questionnaire available in three languages with specific items concerning cancer, fertility, fertility preservation and the validated Decisional Conflict Scale targeted at current or former female cancer patients aged 18-45 years, with cancer types or treatment potentially affecting reproductive function...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
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