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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441452/systematic-review-finds-that-study-data-not-published-in-full-text-articles-have-unclear-impact-on-meta-analyses-results-in-medical-research
#1
Christine M Schmucker, Anette Blümle, Lisa K Schell, Guido Schwarzer, Patrick Oeller, Laura Cabrera, Erik von Elm, Matthias Briel, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis as part of a systematic review aims to provide a thorough, comprehensive and unbiased statistical summary of data from the literature. However, relevant study results could be missing from a meta-analysis because of selective publication and inadequate dissemination. If missing outcome data differ systematically from published ones, a meta-analysis will be biased with an inaccurate assessment of the intervention effect. As part of the EU-funded OPEN project (www...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441085/noun-and-verb-knowledge-in-monolingual-preschool-children-across-17-languages-data-from-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-litmus-clt
#2
Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Shula Chiat, Jovana Bjekić, Agnė Blažienė, Katarzyna Chyl, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Pascale Engel de Abreu, Natalia Gagarina, Anna Gavarró, Gisela Håkansson, Efrat Harel, Elisabeth Holm, Svetlana Kapalková, Sari Kunnari, Chiara Levorato, Josefin Lindgren, Karolina Mieszkowska, Laia Montes Salarich, Anneke Potgieter, Ingeborg Ribu, Natalia Ringblom, Tanja Rinker, Maja Roch, Daniela Slančová, Frenette Southwood, Roberta Tedeschi, Aylin Müge Tuncer, Özlem Ünal-Logacev, Jasmina Vuksanović, Sharon Armon-Lotem
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441074/assessing-lebanese-bilingual-children-the-use-of-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-in-lebanese-arabic
#3
Christel Khoury Aouad Saliby, Christophe Dos Santos, Edith Kouba Hreich, Camille Messarra
Since norms for vocabulary acquisition in Lebanese bilingual children (L1: Lebanese, L2: French and/or English) do not yet exist, clinical assessment based on normative data and using appropriate tools remains difficult for speech and language therapists. The current study focuses on exploring and comparing lexical performances of typically developing Lebanese bilingual children (32 Bi-TD, aged 5;7 to 6;9) and those with specific language impairment (10 Bi-SLI, aged 5;9 to 7;10), using cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT, COST Action IS0804, 2011) in Lebanese Arabic language (CLT-LB), specific to the Lebanese context...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441063/validating-the-psycholinguistic-aspects-of-litmus-clt-evidence-from-polish-and-norwegian
#4
Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
The novel assessment tool Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) aims for comparable cross-linguistic assessment of multilingual children's lexical skills by basing each language version on two language-specific variables: age of acquisition (AoA) and complexity index (CI), a novel measure related to phonology, morphology, exposure and etymology. This article investigates the validity of this methodology, asking whether the underlying properties are robust predictors of children's performance. The Polish and Norwegian CLTs were used to assess 32 bilingual Polish-Norwegian, 34 monolingual Norwegian and 36 monolingual Polish children...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440577/variable-developmental-delays-and-characteristic-facial-features-a-novel-7p22-3p22-2-microdeletion-syndrome
#5
Andrea C Yu, Regina M Zambrano, Ingrid Cristian, Sue Price, Birgitta Bernhard, Marc Zucker, Sunita Venkateswaran, Jean McGowan-Jordan, Christine M Armour
Isolated 7p22.3p22.2 deletions are rarely described with only two reports in the literature. Most other reported cases either involve a much larger region of the 7p arm or have an additional copy number variation. Here, we report five patients with overlapping microdeletions at 7p22.3p22.2. The patients presented with variable developmental delays, exhibiting relative weaknesses in expressive language skills and relative strengths in gross, and fine motor skills. The most consistent facial features seen in these patients included a broad nasal root, a prominent forehead a prominent glabella and arched eyebrows...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439896/topical-corticosteroid-phobia-in-atopic-dermatitis-international-feasibility-study-of-the-topicop-score
#6
Jean-Francois Stalder, Hélène Aubert, Emmanuelle Anthoine, Leila Moret, Sebastien Barbarot, Masaki Futamura, Danielle Marcoux, Marie-Anne Morren, Magdalena Trzeciak, Zsuzsanna Szalai, Klára Veres, Mette Deleuran, Christian Vestergaard, Franck Boralevi, Chua-Yu Chu, Linda De Raeve, Åke Svensson, Regina Fölster-Holst, Matthias Buchner, Roberto Takaoka, Valeria Aoki, Pavel Chernyshov, Luidmyla Chernyshova, Dedee F Murrell, Cathy Zhao, Carola Duran Mckinster, Laura Von Kobyletzky, Laurence Eichenfield, Christine Totri, Peter Lio, Julien Seneschal
BACKGROUND: Adherence to topical corticosteroids (TCS) is essential for the effective treatment of atopic dermatitis but can be limited by concerns about their use. This study examined the feasibility of applying the validated TOPICOP score for assessing TCS phobia across different countries. METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter feasibility study conducted in 21 hospitals in 17 countries. Patients >3 months of age with atopic dermatitis or their parents or legal representatives completed a validated translation of the TOPICOP questionnaire in the country's native language...
April 25, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439728/is-color-an-integral-part-of-a-rich-mental-simulation
#7
Lara N Hoeben Mannaert, Katinka Dijkstra, Rolf A Zwaan
Research suggests that language comprehenders simulate visual features such as shape during language comprehension. In sentence-picture verification tasks, whenever pictures match the shape or orientation implied by the previous sentence, responses are faster than when the pictures mismatch implied visual aspects. However, mixed results have been demonstrated when the sentence-picture paradigm was applied to color (Connell, Cognition, 102(3), 476-485, 2007; Zwaan & Pecher, PLOS ONE, 7(12), e51382, 2012). One of the aims of the current investigation was to resolve this issue...
April 24, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439573/systematic-review-of-cyclosporin-a-induced-%C3%A2-gingival-overgrowth-and-genetic-predisposition
#8
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Vasiliki P Koidou, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to investigate the influence of gene polymorphisms on the development of gingival overgrowth in renal transplant patients treated with cyclosporin A. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Electronic and hand literature searches were conducted by two independent reviewers in MEDLINE-Pubmed, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and SCOPUS Elsevier for prospective (case-control studies, cohort studies), cross-sectional, and retrospective studies published up to June 2016 (first week) in any language...
April 24, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438724/toward-a-more-usable-home-based-video-telemedicine-system-a-heuristic-evaluation-of-the-clinician-user-interfaces-of-home-based-video-telemedicine-systems
#9
Sruthy Agnisarman, Shraddhaa Narasimha, Kapil Chalil Madathil, Brandon Welch, Fnu Brinda, Aparna Ashok, James McElligott
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine is the use of technology to provide and support health care when distance separates the clinical service and the patient. Home-based telemedicine systems involve the use of such technology for medical support and care connecting the patient from the comfort of their homes with the clinician. In order for such a system to be used extensively, it is necessary to understand not only the issues faced by the patients in using them but also the clinician. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to conduct a heuristic evaluation of 4 telemedicine software platforms-Doxy...
April 24, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438437/schizophrenia-patients-have-higher-order-language-and-extralinguistic-impairments
#10
Agnieszka Pawełczyk, Magdalena Kotlicka-Antczak, Emila Łojek, Anna Ruszpel, Tomasz Pawełczyk
INTRODUCTION: The extralinguistic and paralinguistic aspects of the language refer to higher-order language functions such as lexical-semantic processes, prosody, indirect speech acts or discourse comprehension and production. Studies suggest that these processes are mediated by the Right Hemisphere (RH) and there is also some evidence of RH dysfunctions in schizophrenia. The aim of the paper is to investigate the extralinguistic and paralinguistic processing mediated by Right Hemisphere in schizophrenia patients using a validated and standardized battery of tests...
April 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438296/discussing-hpv-with-oropharyngeal-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-attitudes-in-health-professionals
#11
Rachael H Dodd, Alice S Forster, Jo Waller, Laura A V Marlow
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is now known to cause a significant proportion of head and neck cancers (HNC). Qualitative research has shown that some health professionals find it difficult to discuss HPV with patients due to its sexually transmitted nature, and have concerns about their own knowledge of the virus. We used a survey to quantify attitudes towards discussing HPV among HNC health professionals. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional survey of HNC health professionals (n=260) in the UK and Ireland, assessing participants' knowledge of HPV, their experiences of and attitudes towards discussing HPV with patients, and their willingness to discuss HPV with their patients in the future...
May 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438274/the-effectiveness-of-acupuncture-acupressure-and-chiropractic-interventions-on-treatment-of-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mohsen Yeganeh, Hamid Reza Baradaran, Mostafa Qorbani, Yousef Moradi, Saeed Dastgiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common health problems in adults. The impact of LBP on the individual can cause loss of health status and function related to pain in the back. To reduce the impact of LBP on adults, drug therapy is the most frequently recommended intervention. But over the last decade, a substantial number of randomized clinical trials of non-pharmacological intervention for LBP have been published. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture, acupressure and chiropractic (non-pharmacological) interventions on the treatment of chronic nonspecific low back pain in Iran...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438036/enhancing-periconceptional-health-by-targeting-postpartum-mothers-at-rural-wic-clinics
#13
Jini E Puma, Darcy Thompson, Katherine Baer, Matthew A Haemer, Kevin Gilbert, Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs
The overall goal of this pilot quality improvement (QI) intervention was to (1) assess the feasibility of making a WIC (Women, Infants, and Children) systems-level change that added measurement of maternal weight and discussion of maternal health habits into each postpartum maternal and offspring visit in rural clinics in Colorado and (2) assess the impacts of the intervention on maternal diet, physical activity, and weight status. A mixed-method evaluation approach was used involving the collection of quantitative data (HeartSmartMoms usage reports, manual WIC chart reviews [to calculate screening rates], pre-/postsurveys, and weight status [body mass index]) and qualitative data (focus groups and project team meeting minutes)...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437134/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-iranian-version-of-revised-prenatal-coping-inventory-nu-pci-in-healthy-pregnant-women-a-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#14
Fatemah Shobeiri, Azam Maleki, Farshid Shamsaei, Farzaneh Soltani, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
The Revised Prenatal Coping Inventory (Nu PCI) is a self-report instrument that focuses on the coping styles of pregnant women during the prenatal period. The present study aimed to translate the scale and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Nu PCI in healthy pregnant women. Beaton's recommendations have been used for the translation and cultural adaptation of this scale. Reliability, content, and face validity were performed to assess the psychometric properties of the scale...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436336/cardiovascular-screening-of-young-athletes-a-review-of-economic-evaluations
#15
Sophie Gerkens, Hans Van Brabandt, Anja Desomer, Christian Leonard, Mattias Neyt
OBJECTIVES: Some experts have promoted preparticipative cardiovascular screening programs for young athletes and have claimed that such programs were cost-effective without performing a critical analysis of studies supporting this statement. In this systematic review, a critical assessment of economic evaluations on these programs is performed to determine if they really provide value for money. METHODS: A systematic review of economic evaluations was performed on December 24, 2014...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436261/a-qrt-pcr-and-gene-functional-enrichment-study-focused-on-downregulation-of-mir-141-3p-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-its-clinicopathological-significance
#16
Cui-Zhen Liu, Zhi-Hua Ye, Jie Ma, Rong-Quan He, Hai-Wei Liang, Zhi-Gang Peng, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of miR-141-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma has not been verified. Therefore, we conducted this study to examine miR-141-3p expression and its clinical significance in hepatocellular carcinoma and to investigate the functions of its potential targets. METHODS: The Cancer Genome Atlas database and the Gene Expression Omnibus database were used to explore the aberrant expression of miR-141-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma. Furthermore, we assessed the miR-141-3p levels in 95 hepatocellular carcinoma tissues with 95 matched adjacent tissues using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
January 1, 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436177/limited-evidence-of-abnormal-intra-colonic-pressure-profiles-in-diverticular-disease-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
R Jaung, J Robertson, G O'Grady, T Milne, D Rowbotham, I P Bissett
AIM: Abnormal colonic pressure profiles and high intraluminal pressures are postulated to contribute to the formation of sigmoid colon diverticulosis and the pathophysiology of diverticular disease (DD). This study aimed to review evidence for abnormal colonic pressure profiles in diverticulosis. METHOD: All published studies investigating colonic pressure in patients with diverticulosis were searched in three databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS). No language restrictions were applied...
April 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436153/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-language-version-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-iciq-mluts
#18
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Behnaz Ghanei, Farshid Alizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Assessment instruments are essential for research, allowing diagnosis and evaluating treatment outcomes in subjects with lower urinary tract disorders of both genders. The purpose of this study was to translate the Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (MLUTS) Questionnaire and determine its psychometric properties in Persian subjects. METHODS: After getting permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire (ICIQ) web site, the forward and backward translation of the MLUTS questionnaire were carried out by researcher team...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434687/vaccine-hesitancy-among-parents-in-a-multi-ethnic-country-malaysia
#19
Fatin Shaheera Mohd Azizi, Yueting Kew, Foong Ming Moy
BACKGROUND: Vaccine hesitancy is a threat in combating vaccine-preventable diseases. It has been studied extensively in the Western countries but not so among Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the test-retest reliability of the Parent Attitudes about Childhood Vaccines (PACV) questionnaire in Malay language; to determine the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy among parents and its associations with parents' socio-demographic characteristics. METHODS: Forward and backward translation of PACV in Malay language was carried out...
April 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434153/machine-learning-xgboost-analysis-of-language-networks-to-classify-patients-with-epilepsy
#20
L Torlay, M Perrone-Bertolotti, E Thomas, M Baciu
Our goal was to apply a statistical approach to allow the identification of atypical language patterns and to differentiate patients with epilepsy from healthy subjects, based on their cerebral activity, as assessed by functional MRI (fMRI). Patients with focal epilepsy show reorganization or plasticity of brain networks involved in cognitive functions, inducing 'atypical' (compared to 'typical' in healthy people) brain profiles. Moreover, some of these patients suffer from drug-resistant epilepsy, and they undergo surgery to stop seizures...
April 22, 2017: Brain Informatics
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