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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530506/racial-differences-in-20-year-cardiovascular-mortality-risk-among-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#1
Amy M Berkman, Abenaa M Brewster, Lee W Jones, Jun Yu, J Jack Lee, S Andrew Peng, Abigail Crocker, Joann L Ater, Susan C Gilchrist
PURPOSE: Whether cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk differs according to race and cancer type among survivors of childhood or young adulthood cancers is unknown. METHODS: Data from the years 1973-2011 were analyzed using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registries. Cases were categorized by ICD-0-3/WHO 2008 Adolescent and Young Adult classification. CVD death was determined by ICD-10 codes for diseases of the heart, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular diseases, or other diseases of the arteries...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528131/no-increase-in-the-incidence-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-a-population-based-annual-temporal-trends-epidemiology-study
#2
Kianoush Kashani, Min Shao, Guangxi Li, Amy W Williams, Andrew D Rule, Walter K Kremers, Michael Malinchoc, Ognjen Gajic, John C Lieske
Recent literature suggests an increase in the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated population-based trends of AKI over the course of nine years, using a validated electronic health record tool to detect AKI. All adult residents (18 years of age and older) of Olmsted County, Minnesota (MN), admitted to the Mayo Clinic Hospital between 2006 and 2014 were included. The incidence rate of AKI was calculated and temporal trends in the annual AKI incident rates assessed. During the nine-year study period, 10,283, and 41,847 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit or general ward, with 1,740 and 2,811 developing AKI, respectively...
May 18, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522320/risks-and-consequences-of-puerperal-uterine-inversion-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#3
Sarah L Coad, Leanne S Dahlgren, Jennifer A Hutcheon
BACKGROUND: Puerperal uterine inversion is a rare, potentially life-threatening obstetrical emergency. The current literature consists of small case series and a single nationwide study from Europe with only 15 cases. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define the incidence, temporal trends and outcomes in women with uterine inversion using a nationally representative United States (US) cohort. STUDY DESIGN: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, a 20% sample of US hospital admissions, to identify all deliveries from 2004 to 2013...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521790/unintentional-drowning-role-of-medicinal-drugs-and-alcohol
#4
Tuulia Pajunen, Erkki Vuori, Frank F Vincenzi, Pirjo Lillsunde, Gordon Smith, Philippe Lunetta
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a well-known risk factor in unintentional drownings. Whereas psychotropic drugs, like alcohol, may cause psychomotor impairment and affect cognition, no detailed studies have focused on their association with drowning. Finland provides extensive post-mortem toxicological data for studies on drowning because of its high medico-legal autopsy rates. METHODS: Drowning cases, 2000 through 2009, for which post-mortem toxicological analysis was performed, came from the database of the Toxicological Laboratory, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, using the ICD-10 nature-of-injury code T75...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520981/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-children-with-human-granulocytic-anaplasmosis
#5
Anna M Schotthoefer, Matthew C Hall, Satya Vittala, Raza Bajwa, Holly M Frost
Background.: Adults with the tick-borne disease human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) have a spectrum of acute febrile illnesses that, if untreated, might be severe. Clinical presentation and outcomes of children with HGA have been poorly described. Methods.: A retrospective analysis was conducted to determine the frequency, presentation, and outcomes of pediatric patients with HGA between 1994 and 2015 in a region of Wisconsin in which HGA is highly endemic. Patients with related International Classification of Diseases Ninth and Tenth Revision (ICD-9 and ICD-10, respectively) codes or positive HGA laboratory test results were evaluated and classified as having had confirmed, probable, or suspected HGA on the basis of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) case definition...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516332/prevalence-and-mortality-of-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-in-france-in-2012-a-study-based-on-french-health-insurance-data
#6
Stéphanie Foulon, Géric Maura, Marie Dalichampt, François Alla, Marc Debouverie, Thibault Moreau, Alain Weill
Data on the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in France are scarce. National and regional updated estimates are needed to better plan health policies. In this nationwide study, we provided estimates of the prevalence of MS in France in 2012 and mortality rate in 2013. MS cases were identified in the French national health insurance database (SNIIRAM-PMSI) using reimbursement data for disease-modifying treatment, long-term disease status for MS, disability pension for MS, and hospitalisation for MS (MS ICD-10 code: G35)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500224/evaluating-the-safety-of-%C3%AE-interferons-in-ms-a-series-of-nested-case-control-studies
#7
Hilda J I de Jong, Elaine Kingwell, Afsaneh Shirani, Jan Willem Cohen Tervaert, Raymond Hupperts, Yinshan Zhao, Feng Zhu, Charity Evans, Mia L van der Kop, Anthony Traboulsee, Paul Gustafson, John Petkau, Ruth Ann Marrie, Helen Tremlett
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between interferon-β (IFN-β) and potential adverse events using population-based health administrative data in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: Patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) who were registered at a British Columbia Multiple Sclerosis Clinic (1995-2004) were eligible for inclusion and were followed up until death, absence from British Columbia, exposure to a non-IFN-β disease-modifying drug, or December 31, 2008...
May 12, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495862/the-diagnosis-wide-landscape-of-hospital-acquired-aki
#8
Anne-Sophie Jannot, Anita Burgun, Eric Thervet, Nicolas Pallet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The exploration of electronic hospital records offers a unique opportunity to describe in-depth the prevalence of conditions associated with diagnoses at an unprecedented level of comprehensiveness. We used a diagnosis-wide approach, adapted from phenome-wide association studies (PheWAS), to perform an exhaustive analysis of all diagnoses associated with hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI) in a French urban tertiary academic hospital over a period of 10 years. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We retrospectively extracted all diagnoses from an i2b2 (Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside) clinical data warehouse for patients who stayed in this hospital between 2006 and 2015 and had at least two plasma creatinine measurements performed during the first week of their stay...
May 11, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495342/a-method-for-cohort-selection-of-cardiovascular-disease-records-from-an-electronic-health-record-system
#9
Maria Tereza Fernandes Abrahão, Moacyr Roberto Cuce Nobre, Marco Antonio Gutierrez
INTRODUCTION: An electronic healthcare record (EHR) system, when used by healthcare providers, improves the quality of care for patients and helps to lower costs. Information collected from manual or electronic health records can also be used for purposes not directly related to patient care delivery, in which case it is termed secondary use. EHR systems facilitate the collection of this secondary use data, which can be used for research purposes like observational studies, taking advantage of improvement in the structuring and retrieval of patient information...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488262/estimating-the-incidence-of-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries-in-switzerland-using-administrative-data-to-identify-potential-coverage-error-in-a-cohort-study
#10
Jonviea D Chamberlain, Elias Ronca, Martin Wg Brinkhof
INTRODUCTION: Inferences from population-based cohort studies may be inaccurate as a result of biased coverage of the target population. We investigated the presence of absolute coverage error and selection bias in the Swiss Spinal Cord Injury (SwiSCI) cohort study, using a secondary, nationally representative data source. The proposed methodology is applicable to future Swiss cohort studies aiming to assess their cover-age error. METHODS: ICD-10 codes relating to traumatic spinal cord injuries (TSI) (S14...
May 10, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482866/development-and-validation-of-an-administrative-data-algorithm-to-identify-adults-who-have-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#11
Kristian I Macdonald, Shaun J Kilty, Carl van Walraven
BACKGROUND: This was a diagnostic accuracy study to develop an algorithm based on administrative database codes that identifies patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) who have endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). METHODS: From January 1(st), 2011 to December 31(st), 2012, a chart review was performed for all hospital-identified ESS surgical encounters. The reference standard was developed as follows: cases were assigned to encounters in which ESS was performed for Otolaryngologist-diagnosed CRS; all other chart review encounters, and all other hospital surgical encounters during the timeframe were controls...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474053/diagnosis-based-and-external-cause-based-criteria-to-identify-adverse-drug-reactions-in-hospital-icd-coded-data-application-to-an-australia-population-based-study
#12
Wei Du, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Nicholas A Buckley, Cathy Day, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVES: External cause International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes are commonly used to ascertain adverse drug reactions (ADRs) related to hospitalisation. We quantified ascertainment of ADR-related hospitalisation using external cause codes and additional ICD-based hospital diagnosis codes. METHODS: We reviewed the scientific literature to identify different ICD-based criteria for ADR-related hospitalisations, developed algorithms to capture ADRs based on candidate hospital ICD-10 diagnoses and external cause codes (Y40-Y59), and incorporated previously published causality ratings estimating the probability that a specific diagnosis was ADR related...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465870/is-legionellosis-present-and-important-in-colombia-an-analyses-of-cases-from-2009-to-2013
#13
Andrés Mauricio Patiño-Barbosa, Andrés Felipe Gil-Restrepo, Valentina Restrepo-Montoya, Wilmer E Villamil-Gomez, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales
Infection due to Legionella pneumophila has been not studied in Colombia, although it is present. The observational, retrospective study in which the incidence of legionellosis in Colombia, 2009-2013, was estimated based on data extracted from the personal health records system (Registro Individual de Prestación de Servicios, RIPS) using the ICD-10 codes A48.1 (Legionnaires' disease) and A48.2 (Pontiac Fever). Using official population estimates of the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE), crude and adjusted incidence rates were estimated (cases / 100,000 pop)...
March 28, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464965/risk-of-transition-to-schizophrenia-following-first-admission-with-substance-induced-psychotic-disorder-a-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-study
#14
H L Alderson, D M Semple, C Blayney, F Queirazza, V Chekuri, S M Lawrie
BACKGROUND: The potential for drugs of abuse to induce acute psychotic symptoms is well recognised. However, the likelihood of transition from initial substance-induced psychotic disorder (SIPD) to chronic psychosis is much less well understood. This study investigated the rate of SIPD transition to schizophrenia (F20), the time to conversion and other possible related factors. METHODS: Using data from the Scottish Morbidity Record, we examined all patients (n = 3486) since their first admission to psychiatric hospital with a diagnosis of SIPD [International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes F10-F19, with third digit five] from January 1997 to July 2012...
May 3, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456095/a-survey-of-medical-examiner-death-certification-of-vignettes-on-death-in-epilepsy-gaps-in-identifying-sudep
#15
Daniel S Atherton, Gregory G Davis, Cyndi Wright, Orrin Devinsky, Dale Hesdorffer
OBJECTIVE: Lack of standardized terminology on death certificates (DCs) of SUDEP type cases may obscure the presence of epilepsy in these deaths. Most DCs for individuals dying unexpectedly with epilepsy are certified by medical examiners (MEs). The purpose of this study was to gauge death certification practices of MEs when interpreting SUDEP cases and assess implications for valid surveillance of SUDEP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey consisting of clinical vignettes describing deaths in individuals with epilepsy was sent to medical examiners...
April 22, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452064/mortality-of-necrotising-fasciitis-relative-influence-of-individual-and-hospital-level-factors-a-nationwide-multi-level-study-france-2007-2012
#16
E Audureau, C Hua, N de Prost Nicolas, F Hemery, J W Decousser, R Bosc, R Lepeule, O Chosidow, E Sbidian
BACKGROUND: Necrotising soft-tissue infections (NSTI) are rare, life-threatening conditions. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess whether admitting hospital characteristics were associated with NSTI mortality. METHODS: We studied the French nationwide hospital discharge database (retrospective national cohort). All patients admitted in 2007-2012 with an ICD-10 code of necrotising fasciitis were eligible. We extracted data on the patients (age, sex, ICU admission, co-morbidities) and hospitals (public vs private proprietary; for public hospitals, teaching, yes/no; and number of NSTI admissions, ≥3 NSTI cases/year, yes/no)...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441317/traumatic-spinal-injuries-in-northern-finland
#17
Ville Niemi-Nikkola, Nelli Saijets, Henriikka Ylipoussu, Pietari Kinnunen, Juha Pesälä, Pirkka Mäkelä, Markku Alen, Mauri Kallinen, Aki Vainionpää
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective epidemiological study. OBJECTIVE: To reveal incidence and epidemiological features of traumatic spinal injuries (TSI) in Northern Finland. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In Finland the annual incidence of traumatic spine fractures requiring inpatient care has been found to be 27/100 000, while international incidences have varied across the range of 16-64/100 000. More specific epidemiological data from Finland is not available...
April 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427708/increased-incidence-and-prevalence-of-psoriasis-in-multiple-sclerosis
#18
Ruth Ann Marrie, Scott B Patten, Helen Tremlett, Christina Wolfson, Stella Leung, John D Fisk
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis and multiple sclerosis (MS) share some risk factors, and fumarates are effective disease-modifying therapies for both psoriasis and MS, suggesting a common pathogenesis. However, findings regarding the occurrence of psoriasis in the MS population are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the incidence and prevalence of psoriasis in the MS population versus a matched cohort from the general population. METHODS: We used population-based administrative data from the Canadian province of Manitoba to identify 4911 persons with MS and 23,274 age-, sex- and geographically-matched controls aged 20 years and older...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423836/piloting-a-collaborative-web-based-system-for-testing-icd-11
#19
Marc Donada, Nenad Kostanjsek, Vincenzo Della Mea, Can Celik, Robert Jakob
BACKGROUND: The 11<sup>th</sup> revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11), for the first time in ICD history, deployed web-based collaboration of experts and ICT tools. To ensure that ICD-11 is working well, it needs to be systematically field tested in different settings, across the world. This will be done by means of a number of experiments. In order to support its implementation, a web-based system (ICDfit) has been designed and developed. The present paper illustrates the current prototype of the system and its technical testing...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419350/epidemiology-of-meningitis-and-encephalitis-in-the-united-states-from-2011-2014
#20
Rodrigo Hasbun, Ning Rosenthal, J M Balada-Llasat, Jessica Chung, Steve Duff, Samuel Bozzette, Louise Zimmer, Christine C Ginocchio
Background: Large epidemiological studies evaluating the etiologies, management decisions and outcomes of adults with meningitis and encephalitis in the United States (US) are lacking. Methods: Adult patients (≥18 years) with meningitis or encephalitis by ICD-9 codes available in the Premier Healthcare Database during 2011-2014 were analyzed. Results: A total of 26,429 patients with meningitis or encephalitis were identified. The median age was 43 years; 53% were female...
April 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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