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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770046/blastomycosis-hospitalizations-in-northwestern-ontario-2006-2015
#1
S Litvinjenko, D Lunny
Background: Blastomycosis, caused by the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis, is an invasive fungal disease found in Central Canada and Central and Midwestern United States. Objective: To describe trends in and epidemiology of hospitalized cases of blastomycosis cases reported among northwestern Ontario residents between 2006 and 2015. Methods: Blastomycosis hospitalization data were extracted from the Discharge Abstract Database (DAD), accessed through IntelliHEALTH Ontario...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769083/racial-ethnic-disparities-among-asian-americans-in-inpatient-acute-myocardial-infarction-mortality-in-the-united-states
#2
Eun Ji Kim, Nancy R Kressin, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Lenny Lopez, Jennifer E Rosen, Mengyun Lin, Amresh D Hanchate
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common high-risk disease with inpatient mortality of 5% nationally. But little is known about this outcome among Asian Americans (Asians), a fast growing racial/ethnic minority in the country. The objectives of the study are to obtain near-national estimates of differences in AMI inpatient mortality between minorities (including Asians) and non-Hispanic Whites and identify comorbidities and sociodemographic characteristics associated with these differences...
May 16, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746339/comorbidities-in-childhood-celiac-disease-a-phenome-wide-association-study-using-the-electronic-health-record
#3
Ariana Prinzbach, Soheil Moosavinasab, Steve Rust, Brendan Boyle, John A Barnard, Yungui Huang, Simon Lin
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease (CD) is associated with a variety of extraintestinal autoimmune and inflammatory findings that manifest clinically as symptoms and comorbidities. Understanding these comorbidities may improve identification of the disease and prevent sequelae. In this study, we use an unbiased electronic health record (EHR)-based Phenome Wide Association Study (PheWAS) method to confirm known comorbidities, discover novel associations and enhance characterization of the clinical presentation of CD in children...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739348/cancer-incidence-in-yemen-from-1997-to-2011-a-report-from-the-aden-cancer-registry
#4
Amen Ahmed Bawazir
BACKGROUND: This study aims to report on the trend and incidence of cancers in Yemen (Aden) using data from Aden Cancer Registry (ACR), as a population-based cancer registry in Yemen over a period of 15 years (1997-2011). Such comprehensive, valid and detailed information on cancer trend is badly needed for planning a cancer control program in the country. METHODS: All cancer cases were abstracted from patients' medical records - based on clinical, histopathology, and radiological diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733774/the-use-of-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-spine-trauma-a-nationwide-study-using-the-national-trauma-data-bank
#5
Samir Sabharwal, Adam D Fox, Michael J Vives
Objective To determine the prevalence and variation of inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) use in the spine trauma population and evaluate patient and facility level factors associated with their use. Study Design Retrospective cohort. Participants/Outcome Measures Patients with spinal injuries were identified by ICD-9 codes from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), the best validated national trauma database. Patients whose spine injuries were operatively treated and those who received IVCF were identified from procedure description fields...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728170/pediatric-lateral-neck-infections-computed-tomography-vs-ultrasound-on-initial-evaluation
#6
Nicholas A Quinn, Jared A Olson, Jeremy D Meier, Hank Baskin, Jeff E Schunk, Emily A Thorell, Laura N Hodo
OBJECTIVE: Review the evaluation of children with a deep lateral neck infection and define the impact of initial imaging modality on outcomes and costs. METHOD: Case series, pediatric patients <18 years of age admitted to a tertiary care hospital with lateral neck infection between 01/01/14-05/31/16 as identified by ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 289.3 (lymphadenitis, unspecified), 682.1 (cellulitis and abscess of neck), 683 (acute lymphadenitis), I88.9 (nonspecific lymphadenitis, unspecified), L02...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724175/risk-and-impact-of-herpes-zoster-among-copd-patients-a-population-based-study-2009-2014
#7
Cintia Muñoz-Quiles, Mónica López-Lacort, Javier Díez-Domingo
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of Herpes Zoster (HZ) among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the impact of HZ on the underlying COPD. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of all subjects older than 49 years was followed up between 2009 and 2014 using population and health databases of Valencia Region (Spain). HZ and COPD were identified using ICD-9 codes, differentiating COPD patients with inhaled corticosteroids prescriptions (COPD-ICS)...
May 3, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715314/the-burden-of-acute-respiratory-infections-in-ecuador-2011-2015
#8
Wilson Chicaiza-Ayala, Aquiles R Henríquez-Trujillo, Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Richard W Douce, Marco Coral-Almeida
BACKGROUND: Burden of disease studies intend to improve public health decision-making and to measure social and economic impact in population. The objective of this study was to describe the burden of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in Ecuador between 2011 and 2015. METHODS: Five-year period morbidity and mortality data available from national agencies of statistics was analyzed to estimate the burden of disease attributable to acute respiratory infections. Cases and deaths registered were grouped according to their ICD-10 code into three diagnostic groups: Acute upper respiratory infections (J00-J06), Influenza and pneumonia (J09-J18), and Bronchitis and other acute lower respiratory infections (J20-J22, J85, J86)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705932/neonatal-thrombocytopenia-causes-and-outcomes-following-platelet-transfusions
#9
Elisabeth Resch, Olesia Hinkas, Berndt Urlesberger, Bernhard Resch
We evaluated the causes for neonatal thrombocytopenia (NT), the duration of NT, and the indications of platelet transfusions (PT) by means of a retrospective cohort study over a 23-year period. Neonates with NT were identified via ICD-10 code D69.6. Of 371 neonates (1.8/1000 live births) with NT, the majority (312; 84.1%) had early onset thrombocytopenia, and 282 (76%) were preterm born. The most frequent causes for NT were early and late onset sepsis and asphyxia. The mean duration of thrombocytopenia was 10...
April 28, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699929/is-there-an-influence-of-surgeon-s-experience-on-the-clinical-course-in-patients-with-a-proximal-femoral-fracture
#10
Claudio Canal, Alexander Kaserer, Bernhard Ciritsis, Hans-Peter Simmen, Valentin Neuhaus, Hans-Christoph Pape
OBJECTIVES: Teaching of surgical procedures is of paramount importance. However, it can affect patients outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate if teaching of hip fracture surgery is an independent predictor for negative in-hospital outcome. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospectively, we analyzed all hip fracture patients between 2008 and 2013 recorded in a national quality measurement database (AQC). Inclusion criteria were proximal femoral fracture (ICD-10 diagnostic codes S72...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690788/reconciling-hospital-acquired-complications-and-chadx-in-victorian-coded-hospital-data
#11
Jennie Shepheard, Elsa Lapiz, Carla Read, Terri J Jackson
BACKGROUND: The Council of Australian Governments has focused the attention of health service managers and state health departments on a list of hospital-acquired complications (HACs) proposed as the basis of funding adjustments for poor quality of hospital inpatient care. These were devised for the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care as a subset of their earlier classification of hospital-acquired complications (CHADx) and designed to be used by health services to monitor safety performance for their admitted patients...
January 1, 2018: Health Information Management: Journal of the Health Information Management Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675888/electronic-health-record-reviews-to-measure-diagnostic-uncertainty-in-primary-care
#12
Viraj Bhise, Suja S Rajan, Dean F Sittig, Viralkumar Vaghani, Robert O Morgan, Arushi Khanna, Hardeep Singh
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Diagnostic uncertainty is common in primary care. Because it is challenging to measure, there is inadequate scientific understanding of diagnostic decision-making during uncertainty. Our objective was to understand how diagnostic uncertainty was documented in the electronic health record (EHR) and explore a strategy to retrospectively identify it using clinician documentation. METHODS: We reviewed the literature to identify documentation language that could identify both direct expression and indirect inference of diagnostic uncertainty and designed an instrument to facilitate record review...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674600/incidence-and-comorbidity-of-reactive-attachment-disorder-based-on-national-health-insurance-claims-data-2010-2012-in-korea
#13
Minha Hong, Duk Soo Moon, Hyejung Chang, Seung Yup Lee, Seong Woo Cho, Kyung-Sook Lee, Jin-Ah Park, Sang Min Lee, Geon Ho Bahn
Objective: We aimed to investigate the current diagnostic incidence and medical and psychiatric comorbidities of reactive attachment disorder (RAD) using the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) claims data. Methods: To examine the diagnostic incidence, we selected patients who were under 10-year-old and had at least one medical claim containing a 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) code for RAD (F94...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673880/french-hospital-discharge-database-pmsi-and-bacterial-resistance-is-coding-adapted-to-hospital-epidemiology
#14
L de Léotoing, F Barbier, A Dinh, D Breilh, G Chaize, A Vainchtock, L Levy-Bachelot, C Bensoussan, S Dramard, J Fernandes
OBJECTIVE: A preliminary analysis of data consistency on different types of bacterial resistance by infection site and causative agents was conducted using the French hospital discharge database (French acronym PMSI) to assess the use of the database in a national cartography tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital stays in medical, surgical, and obstetrical units were extracted from the 2014 PMSI database using the ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Bacterial infections, causative agents, and resistance corresponding to these stays were also identified...
April 17, 2018: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668647/case-mix-for-performance-management-cpm-a-risk-algorithm-based-on-icd-10-cm
#15
Jian Gao, Eileen Moran, Peter L Almenoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate risk adjustment is the key to a reliable comparison of cost and quality performance among providers and hospitals. However, the existing case-mix algorithms based on age, sex, and diagnoses can only explain up to 50 percent of the cost variation. More accurate risk adjustment is desired for provider performance assessment and improvement. OBJECTIVE: To develop a case-mix algorithm that hospitals and payers can use to measure and compare cost and quality performance of their providers...
April 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665342/age-at-time-of-craniosynostosis-repair-predicts-increased-complication-rate
#16
William J Bruce, Victor Chang, Cara J Joyce, Adrienne N Cobb, Uma I Maduekwe, Parit A Patel
OBJECTIVE: This study uses administrative data to assess the optimal timing for surgical repair of craniosynostosis and to identify factors associated with risk of perioperative complications. DESIGN: Statistical analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (2006, 2009, 2012). SETTING: KID-participating hospitals in 44 states. PATIENTS: Children 0 to 3 years of age with ICD-9 codes for surgical correction of craniosynostosis (756 and 0124, 0125, 0201, 0203, 0204, or 0206)...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663964/the-challenge-of-estimating-tuberculosis-mortality-accurately-in-england-and-wales
#17
M K Lalor, T Mohiyuddin, T Uddin, H L Thomas, M Lipman, C N J Campbell
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimates of tuberculosis (TB) mortality are required to monitor progress towards the World Health Organization End TB goal of reducing TB deaths by 95% by 2035. We compared TB death data for England and Wales from the national surveillance system (Enhanced Tuberculosis Surveillance System [ETS]) and the vital registration system from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). METHODS: TB cases notified in ETS were matched to deaths in ONS (dONS) with International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes indicating that TB caused/contributed to the death (A15-A19)...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663344/circumstances-of-sudep-a-nationwide-population-based-case-series
#18
Olafur Sveinsson, Tomas Andersson, Sofia Carlsson, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: Given the increasing attention being paid to potential strategies for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) prevention, we analyzed the circumstances of SUDEP and its incidence in relation to time of year, week, and day. METHODS: Prospective case-series based on persons with an International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) code for epilepsy in the Swedish Patient Registry 1998-2005, who were alive on June 30, 2006 (n = 60 952). Linkage to the National Cause-of-Death Registry identified all deaths from July 2006 through December 2011, with epilepsy mentioned on death certificate, together with all deaths during 2008 (n = 3166)...
May 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649196/diagnosis-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-in-christchurch-new-zealand-a-case-series
#19
James Bevin, Simon Dalton, Chris Wakeman, Will Perry
AIM: Abdominal tuberculosis presents with non-specific symptoms, including generalised abdominal pain. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical to improving outcomes and avoiding complications. We conducted a retrospective review of cases of abdominal tuberculosis presenting to Christchurch Hospital to explore the epidemiology, clinical features and diagnostic modalities used. METHOD: Cases were identified by searching for relevant ICD discharge codes from January 1996 to January 2016...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629480/open-access-programs-for-injury-categorization-using-icd-9-or-icd-10
#20
David E Clark, Adam W Black, David H Skavdahl, Lee D Hallagan
BACKGROUND: The article introduces Programs for Injury Categorization, using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and R statistical software (ICDPIC-R). Starting with ICD-8, methods have been described to map injury diagnosis codes to severity scores, especially the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS). ICDPIC was originally developed for this purpose using Stata, and ICDPIC-R is an open-access update that accepts both ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), Admission Year 2015...
April 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
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