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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333852/synthesis-of-mip-nanoparticles-for-%C3%AE-casein-detection-using-spr-as-a-milk-allergen-sensor
#1
Jon Ashley, Yunus Shukor, Roberta D'Aurelio, Linda Trinh, Thomas Lawrence Rodgers, Jeff Temblay, Mike Pleasants, Ibtisam E Tothill
Food recalls due to undeclared allergens or contamination are costly to the food manufacturing industry worldwide. As the industry strives for better manufacturing efficiencies over a diverse range of food products, there is a need for the development of new analytical techniques to improve monitoring the presence of unintended food allergens during the food manufacturing process. In particular, the monitoring of wash samples from cleaning in place systems (CIP), used in the cleaning of food processing equipment, would allow for the effective removal of allergen containing ingredients in between food batches...
January 15, 2018: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#2
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333503/the-effect-of-a-vegan-versus-aha-diet-in-coronary-artery-disease-evade-cad-trial-study-design-and-rationale
#3
Binita Shah, Lisa Ganguzza, James Slater, Jonathan D Newman, Nicole Allen, Edward Fisher, John Larigakis, Francisco Ujueta, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Kathleen Woolf
Background: Multiple studies demonstrate the benefit of a vegan diet on cardiovascular risk factors when compared to no intervention or usual dietary patterns. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of a vegan diet versus the American Heart Association (AHA)-recommended diet on inflammatory and glucometabolic profiles in patients with angiographically defined coronary artery disease (CAD). Study Design: This study is a randomized, open label, blinded end-point trial of 100 patients with CAD as defined by ≥50% diameter stenosis in a coronary artery ≥2 mm in diameter on invasive angiography...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332632/retrospective-memory-for-symptoms-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#4
Marta Walentynowicz, Katleen Bogaerts, Linda Stans, Ilse Van Diest, Filip Raes, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Clinical assessment and diagnostic processes heavily rely on memory-based symptom reports. The current study investigated memory for symptoms and the peak-end effect for dyspnea in patients with medically unexplained symptoms and healthy participants. METHODS: Female patients with medically unexplained dyspnea (MUD) (n=22) and matched healthy controls (n=22) participated in two dyspnea induction trials (short, long). Dyspnea ratings were collected: (1) continuously during symptom induction (concurrent with respiratory measures), (2) immediately after the experiment, and (3) after 2weeks...
February 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332539/whole-body-oxygen-16o-ion-exposure-induced-impairments-in-social-odor-recognition-memory-in-rats-are-dose-and-time-dependent
#5
Ami Mange, Yuqing Cao, SiYuan Zhang, Robert D Hienz, Catherine M Davis
Future long-duration space missions will involve travel outside of the Earth's magnetosphere, which will result in increased radiation exposure for astronauts. Exposure could permanently damage multiple tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS), and result in deleterious effects on cognition and behavior during and beyond the mission. Here, we assessed the effects of whole-body oxygen ion (16O; 1,000 MeV/n) exposure (5 or 25 cGy) on social odor recognition memory in male Long-Evans rats at one and six months after exposure...
January 13, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332038/sex-influences-the-accuracy-of-subjective-memory-complaint-reporting-in-older-adults
#6
Erin E Sundermann, Emily C Edmonds, Lisa Delano-Wood, Douglas R Galasko, David P Salmon, Leah H Rubin, Mark W Bondi
Subjective memory complaints (SMC) are required when diagnosing amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), although their relationship with objective memory performance and Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology remains unclear. We investigated whether the sex of the patient/participant moderates these associations. Participants were 940 normal control (NC) and aMCI participants from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. SMC were assessed via the memory scale of the Everyday Cognition questionnaire. Discrepancy scores were calculated between self- and informant-reports and categorized into "overestimates," "comparable estimates", and "underestimates" of SMC...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332005/impact-of-a-negative-emotional-antitobacco-mass-media-campaign-on-french-smokers-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Romain Guignard, Karine Gallopel-Morvan, Ute Mons, Karin Hummel, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns to encourage smoking cessation have been shown to be effective in a context of comprehensive tobacco control programme. The effectiveness of antismoking ads that evoke negative emotions remains unclear, in particular in countries with high smoking prevalence and among smokers with low perceived susceptibility, low self-efficacy or who are not users of smoking cessation services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short-term and long-term effects of a 1-month French national highly emotional media campaign, with a focus on these specific targets...
January 13, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332000/how-good-are-doctors-at-introducing-themselves-hellomynameis
#8
Peter Gillen, Sue Faye Sharifuddin, Muireann O'Sullivan, Alison Gordon, Eva M Doherty
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was triggered by the '#hellomynameis' campaign initiated by Dr Kate Granger in the UK. Our objectives were twofold: first, to measure rates of introduction in an Irish hospital setting by both consultant and non-consultant hospital doctors. Second to establish whether such practices were associated with patient perceptions of the doctor/patient interaction. METHOD: A patient 'exit' survey was undertaken following doctor-patient consultations in both acute (surgical and medical assessment units) and elective settings (outpatient clinics)...
January 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331792/candesartan-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blocker-is-able-to-relieve-age-related-cognitive-impairment
#9
Emil Trofimiuk, Przemysław Wielgat, Jan J Braszko
BACKGROUND: Candesartan is one of the standard antihypertensive drug belonging to AT1R angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) group. Beneficial effects of this drug in the treatment of hypertension are well recognized. In this study we tested a hypothesis that candesartan could alleviate age-related memory decline. METHODS: Aged and young rats have been treated with candesartan (0.1 mg kg-1) for 21 days and then underwent a battery of behavioral tests: for assessment of long-term memory (Passive avoidance test - PA), recognition memory (Object recognition test - OR), locomotor functions (Open field - OF) and anxiety behavior (Elevated plus maze - EPM)...
July 21, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331692/memory-performance-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-for-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-exploratory-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Thilo Deckersbach, Amy T Peters, Conor Shea, Aishwarya Gosai, Jonathan P Stange, Andrew D Peckham, Kristen K Ellard, Michael W Otto, Scott L Rauch, Darin D Dougherty, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial compared Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Psychotherapy (SP) for the treatment of depression in bipolar I disorder. We also examined whether exploratory verbal memory, executive functioning, and neural correlates of verbal memory during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) predicted change in depression severity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (ages 18-65) with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder meeting current criteria for a major depressive episode were randomized to 18 weeks of CBT or SP...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331690/effect-of-depressive-symptoms-on-the-evolution-of-neuropsychological-functions-over-the-course-of-adolescence
#11
Mohammad H Afzali, Maeve Oleary-Barrett, Jean R Séguin, Patricia Conrod
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive understanding of the association between depression and neuropsychological functioning over the course of adolescence requires developmentally sensitive assessment through longitudinal data. The aim of current study is to examine the concurrent and subsequent effects of depressive symptoms on the initial level and evolution of four neuropsychological functioning domains (i.e., spatial working memory, delayed recall memory, perceptual reasoning, and inhibitory control)...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#12
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330974/nucleic-acid-amplification-test-for-detection-of-west-nile-virus-infection-in-pakistani-blood-donors
#13
Saifullah Khan Niazi, Maqbool Alam, Muhammad Sajid Yazdani, Eijaz Ghani, Muhammad Ali Rathore
BACKGROUND: The study was planned to determine the presence of West Nile Virus (WNV) infection in Pakistani blood donors, using Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAT). METHODS: The blood donors for study were selected on the basis of the standard questionnaire and routine screening results. Six donors were pooled using an automated pipettor and NAT for WNV was performed on Roche Cobas s 201 NAT system. The reactive pools were resolved in Individual Donation-NAT (ID-NAT) format and a sample from FFP bags of reactive donations was retrieved...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#14
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330327/signal-complexity-of-human-intracranial-eeg-tracks-successful-associative-memory-formation-across-individuals
#15
Timothy C Sheehan, Vishnu Sreekumar, Sara K Inati, Kareem A Zaghloul
Memory performance is highly variable between individuals. Most studies examining human memory, however, have largely focused on the neural correlates of successful memory formation within individuals, rather than the differences between them. As such, what gives rise to this variability is poorly understood. Here, we examined intracranial EEG (iEEG) recordings captured from 43 participants (23 male) implanted with subdural electrodes for seizure monitoring as they performed a paired-associates verbal memory task...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329685/association-of-provider-recommendation-and-offer-and-influenza-vaccination-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-18%C3%A2-years-united-states
#16
Peng-Jun Lu, Anup Srivastav, Ashley Amaya, Jill A Dever, Jessica Roycroft, Marshica Stanley Kurtz, Alissa O'Halloran, Walter W Williams
BACKGROUND: Influenza vaccination has been recommended for all persons aged ≥6 months since 2010. METHODS: Data from the 2016 National Internet Flu Survey were analyzed to assess provider vaccination recommendations and early influenza vaccination during the 2016-17 season among adults aged ≥18 years. Predictive marginals from a multivariable logistic regression model were used to identify factors independently associated with early vaccine uptake by provider vaccination recommendation status...
January 9, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329640/capturing-real-life-forgetting-in-transient-epileptic-amnesia-via-an-incidental-memory-test
#17
Serge Hoefeijzers, Adam Zeman, Sergio Della Sala, Michaela Dewar
Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is an epileptic syndrome characterized by recurrent, brief episodes of amnesia. Patients with TEA often complain of interictal (between attacks) retention deficits, characterised by an 'evaporation' of memories for recent events over days to weeks. Clinical tests of anterograde memory often fail to corroborate these complaints as TEA patients commonly perform within the normal range after the standard 10-30-min delay period. Modified laboratory tests that include a 1-3 week delay period frequently reveal clear evidence of 'accelerated long-term forgetting' (ALF)...
December 13, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329359/effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-a-systematic-review
#18
Ben Young, Sarah Lewis, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Linda Bauld, Martine Stead, Kathryn Angus, Mhairi Campbell, Shona Hilton, James Thomas, Kate Hinds, Adela Ashie, Tessa Langley
Aims: To assess the effectiveness of mass media messages to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms using a systematic literature review. Methods: Eight databases were searched along with reference lists of eligible studies. Studies of any design in any country were included, provided that they evaluated a mass media intervention targeting alcohol consumption or related behavioural, social cognitive or clinical outcomes. Drink driving interventions and college campus campaigns were ineligible...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329266/relative-validity-of-a-24-h-recall-in-assessing-intake-of-key-nutrients-in-a-cohort-of-australian-toddlers
#19
Elizabeth Beaton, Janine Wright, Gemma Devenish, Loc Do, Jane Scott
There is limited information concerning the dietary intake of toddlers in Australia. Consequently, there is a need for studies investigating toddler intake that use dietary assessment measures that are valid and place a low participant burden on caregivers. The aim of this study was to determine the relative validity of a single 24-h dietary recall (24HR) in measuring the intake of five nutrients in a cohort of Australian toddlers compared to a combined 24HR and 2-day estimated food record (2DFR). A single 24HR and a 2DFR were collected from a cohort of Australian toddlers (n = 699) at approximately 12 months of age as part of the Study of Mothers' and Infants' Life Events affecting oral health (SMILE) project...
January 12, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329113/therapeutic-hiv-1-vaccine-time-for-immunomodulation-and-combinatorial-strategies
#20
Nabila Seddiki, Yves Lévy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose is to recall some of the key immunological elements that are at the crossroad and need to be combined for developing a potent therapeutic HIV-1 vaccine. RECENT FINDINGS: Therapeutic vaccines and cytokines have been commonly used to enhance and/or recall preexisting HIV-1 specific cell-mediated immune responses aiming to suppress virus replication. While the vaccine is important to stimulate HIV-1 specific T-cell responses, the cytokine may support the expansion of the stimulated virus-specific T cells...
January 10, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
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