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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786704/peri-implant-tissue-score-pits-as-a-measure-of-success-applied-to-869-dental-implants-from-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#1
Zbyněk Mazur, Ladislav Korábek, Daniel Mazur
OBJECTIVE: This article presents a methodology of a comprehensive score for assessment and monitoring of dental implant success from the peri-implant tissue perspective. It involves only standard and minimally invasive techniques accessible to general dental practices, without the need for special equipment. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The proposed score methodology combines existing consensual global knowledge regarding aspects of dental implant success with the standard examination tools accepted for regular recall assessment...
May 17, 2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786160/aberrant-learning-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-neurocomputational-study-on-bradykinesia
#2
Mauro Ursino, Chiara Baston
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a progressive decline in motor functions, such as bradykinesia, caused by the pathological denervation of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons within the basal ganglia (BG). It is acknowledged that dopamine (DA) directly affects the modulatory role of BG towards the cortex. However, a growing body of literature is suggesting that DA induced aberrant synaptic plasticity could play a role in the core symptoms of PD, thus recalling for a "reconceptualization" of the pathophysiology...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786097/spot-urine-and-24-h-diet-recall-estimates-of-dietary-sodium-intake-from-the-2008-09-new-zealand-adult-nutrition-survey-a-comparison
#3
Rachael M McLean, Sheila M Williams, Lisa A Te Morenga, Jim I Mann
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test the difference between estimates of dietary sodium intake using 24-h diet recall and spot urine collection in a large sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: We analysed spot urine results, 24-h diet recall, dietary habits questionnaire and anthropometry from a representative sample of 3312 adults aged 15 years and older who participated in the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Estimates of adult population sodium intake were derived from 24-h diet recall and spot urine sodium using a formula derived from analysis of INTERSALT data...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786066/repeated-social-defeat-induced-neuroinflammation-anxiety-like-behavior-and-resistance-to-fear-extinction-were-attenuated-by-the-cannabinoid-receptor-agonist-win55-212-2
#4
Sabrina Francesca Lisboa, Anzela Niraula, Leonardo Barbosa Resstel, Francisco Silveira Guimaraes, Jonathan P Godbout, John F Sheridan
Psychosocial stress contributes to the development of psychiatric disorders. Repeated social defeat (RSD) is a murine stressor that causes a release of inflammatory monocytes into circulation. Moreover, RSD-induced anxiety-like behavior is dependent on the recruitment of these monocytes to the brain. Activation of the endocannabinoid (ECB) system may modulate both neuroendocrine and inflammatory responses mediated by stress. Therefore, we hypothesized that a cannabinoid receptor agonist would attenuate RSD-induced inflammation, anxiety, and stress sensitization...
April 17, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784596/tenodesis-renders-better-results-than-tenotomy-in-repairs-of-isolated-supraspinatus-tears-with-pathologic-biceps
#5
Arnaud Godenèche, Jean-François Kempf, Laurent Nové-Josserand, Aude Michelet, Mo Saffarini, Gerjon Hannink, Philippe Collin
BACKGROUND: Many authors recommend systematic biceps tenotomy or tenodesis when repairing rotator cuff tears, regardless of whether the biceps is normal or pathologic. The purpose of this study was to determine whether 10-year outcomes of repairs of isolated supraspinatus tears are influenced by adjuvant biceps tenodesis or tenotomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent repair of isolated supraspinatus tears were recalled for evaluation at a minimum follow-up of 10 years...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783926/neural-networks-for-link-prediction-in-realistic-biomedical-graphs-a-multi-dimensional-evaluation-of-graph-embedding-based-approaches
#6
Gamal Crichton, Yufan Guo, Sampo Pyysalo, Anna Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Link prediction in biomedical graphs has several important applications including predicting Drug-Target Interactions (DTI), Protein-Protein Interaction (PPI) prediction and Literature-Based Discovery (LBD). It can be done using a classifier to output the probability of link formation between nodes. Recently several works have used neural networks to create node representations which allow rich inputs to neural classifiers. Preliminary works were done on this and report promising results...
May 21, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783276/somnophilia-and-sexual-abuse-through-the-administration-of-ghb-and-gbl
#7
Mark Pettigrew
Somnophilia, the desire to have sex with an unconscious, sleeping, or comatose person who is unable to respond, is a sexual paraphilia that is seldom reported. The underlying desire is often overshadowed by the act of sexual violation and when using GHB or GBL to induce unconsciousness, as in the case presented here, the victim might not even be able to recall, for certain, that they have been sexually violated. A case study is offered of a somnophile who adulterated drinks to render young men unconscious, so he could rape them in that state, before progressing to administering drugs anally on the pretext of applying lubrication to the anus to facilitate sexual intercourse...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783041/combining-the-randomized-response-technique-and-the-network-scale-up-method-to-estimate-the-female-sex-worker-population-size-an-exploratory-study
#8
L Jing, Q Lu, Y Cui, H Yu, T Wang
OBJECTIVES: Recall bias, barrier effects, transmission error, and response bias affecting the network scale-up method (NSUM) led the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World Health Organization to designate NSUM as a developing method for estimating the size of high-risk populations in 2010. The method has subsequently been adjusted for three of these biases. The present study, therefore, aimed to explore the combination of the randomized response technique (RRT) and NSUM to adjust the last remaining bias...
May 18, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782824/apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-associates-with-hippocampal-volume-learning-and-memory-across-the-spectrum-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies
#9
Usman Saeed, Saira S Mirza, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nathan Herrmann, Julia Keith, Joel Ramirez, Sean M Nestor, Qinggang Yu, Jo Knight, Walter Swardfager, Steven G Potkin, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Peter St George-Hyslop, Sandra E Black, Mario Masellis
INTRODUCTION: Although the apolipoprotein E ε4-allele (APOE-ε4) is a susceptibility factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), its relationship with imaging and cognitive measures across the AD/DLB spectrum remains unexplored. METHODS: We studied 298 patients (AD = 250, DLB = 48; 38 autopsy confirmed; NCT01800214) using neuropsychological testing, volumetric magnetic resonance imaging, and APOE genotyping to investigate the association of APOE-ε4 with hippocampal volume and learning/memory phenotypes, irrespective of diagnosis...
May 18, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782222/clinical-effectiveness-of-a-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-and-a-mild-one-step-self-etch-adhesive-applied-actively-and-passively-in-noncarious-cervical-lesions-an-18-month-clinical-trial
#10
M Jassal, S Mittal, S Tewari
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of two methods of application of a mild one-step self-etch adhesive and composite resin as compared with a resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) control restoration in noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). METHODS: A total of 294 restorations were placed in 56 patients, 98 in each one of the following groups: 1) G-Bond active application combined with Solare-X composite resin (A-1SEA), 2) G-Bond passive application combined with Solare-X composite resin (P-1SEA), and 3) GC II LC RMGIC...
May 21, 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782221/effect-of-surface-sealant-reapplication-on-clinical-performance-of-hema-containing-and-hema-free-self-etch-adhesives-two-year-results
#11
N Tekçe, M Demirci, S Tuncer, S A Göktürk
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical performance of one-step self-etch adhesives over two years with and without the application of a surface sealant. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In total, 160 restorations in 40 patients were performed for occlusal caries. Each patient received four Class I restorations, which included a 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA)-containing (Clearfil S3 Bond) and HEMA-free (G-aenial Bond) one-step self-etch adhesive system with and without surface sealant...
May 21, 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781768/guided-bone-regeneration-and-implant-placement-in-association-with-a-coronally-positioned-palatal-sliding-flap-a-17-year-follow-up-case-report
#12
Carlo Maiorana, Pier Paolo Poli, Mario Beretta
The aim of the present case report was to show the 17-year hard and soft tissues stability of guided bone regeneration procedure associated with dental implants insertion. A 52-year-old male patient presented with a partial edentulism in the upper right maxilla. A graft consisting of deproteinized bovine bone mineral and autogenous bone stabilized by a non-resorbable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene membrane was used to reconstruct the missing bone applying the biological principles of guided bone regeneration...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781628/early-life-stress-impairs-contextual-threat-expression-in-female-but-not-male-mice
#13
Gabriela Manzano-Nieves, Mizan Gaillard, Meghan Gallo, Kevin G Bath
Early life stress (ELS) is associated with altered processing of threat signals, and increased lifetime risk of anxiety and affective pathology, disorders that disproportionately affect females. We tested the impact of a limited bedding paradigm of ELS (from P4-11) on contextual threat learning, context memory, footshock sensitivity, and anxietylike behavior, in adult male and female mice. To examine contextual threat learning, mice conditioned by context/footshock association were tested 24 hr later for the context memory...
May 21, 2018: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781375/the-effects-of-bilingual-language-proficiency-on-recall-accuracy-and-semantic-clustering-in-free-recall-output-evidence-for-shared-semantic-associations-across-languages
#14
Wendy S Francis, Randolph S Taylor, Marisela Gutiérrez, Mary K Liaño, Diana G Manzanera, Renee M Penalver
Two experiments investigated how well bilinguals utilise long-standing semantic associations to encode and retrieve semantic clusters in verbal episodic memory. In Experiment 1, Spanish-English bilinguals (N = 128) studied and recalled word and picture sets. Word recall was equivalent in L1 and L2, picture recall was better in L1 than in L2, and the picture superiority effect was stronger in L1 than in L2. Semantic clustering in word and picture recall was equivalent in L1 and L2. In Experiment 2, Spanish-English bilinguals (N = 128) and English-speaking monolinguals (N = 128) studied and recalled word sequences that contained semantically related pairs...
May 19, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780972/a-general-method-for-predicting-amino-acid-residues-experiencing-hydrogen-exchange
#15
Boshen Wang, Alan Perez-Rathke, Renhao Li, Jie Liang
Information on protein hydrogen exchange can help delineate key regions involved in protein-protein interactions and provides important insight towards determining functional roles of genetic variants and their possible mechanisms in disease processes. Previous studies have shown that the degree of hydrogen exchange is affected by hydrogen bond formations, solvent accessibility, proximity to other residues, and experimental conditions. However, a general predictive method for identifying residues capable of hydrogen exchange transferable to a broad set of proteins is lacking...
March 2018: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780861/the-relationship-between-recall-of-recently-versus-remotely-encoded-famous-faces-and-amyloidosis-in-clinically-normal-older-adults
#16
Irina Orlovsky, Willem Huijbers, Bernard J Hanseeuw, Elizabeth C Mormino, Trey Hedden, Rachel F Buckley, Molly LaPoint, Jennifer S Rabin, Dorene M Rentz, Keith A Johnson, Reisa A Sperling, Kathryn V Papp
Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients exhibit temporally graded memory loss with remote memories remaining more intact than recent memories. It is unclear whether this temporal pattern is observable in clinically normal adults with amyloid pathology (i.e. preclinical AD). Methods: Participants were asked to recall the names of famous figures most prominent recently (famous after 1990) and remotely (famous from 1960-1980) and were provided with a phonemic cue to ensure that memory failure was not purely due to verbal retrieval weaknesses...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780858/can-visuospatial-measures-improve-the-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Shirin Salimi, Muireann Irish, David Foxe, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, James R Burrell
Introduction: Overlapping and evolving symptoms lead to ambiguity in the diagnosis of dementia. Visuospatial function relies on parietal lobe function, which may be affected in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This review evaluates visuospatial dysfunction in patients with AD, frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and vascular dementia to determine the diagnostic and prognostic potential of visuospatial tasks in AD. Methods: A systematic search of studies (1960-2016) investigating visuospatial dysfunction in dementia was conducted...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780188/science-map-metaphors-a-comparison-of-network-versus-hexmap-based-visualizations
#18
Katy Börner, Adam H Simpson, Andreas Bueckle, Robert L Goldstone
Most maps of science use a network layout; few use a landscape metaphor. Human users are trained in reading geospatial maps, yet most have a hard time reading even simple networks. Prior work using general networks has shown that map-based visualizations increase recall accuracy of data. This paper reports the result of a comparison of two comparable renderings of the UCSD map of science that are: the original network layout and a novel hexmap that uses a landscape metaphor to layout the 554 subdisciplines grouped into 13 color-coded disciplines of science...
February 2018: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779819/barriers-for-nutritional-care-in-the-transition-from-hospital-to-the-community-among-older-patients
#19
Yulia Ginzburg, Inbar Shmilovitz, Nechama Monastyrsky, Ronit Endevelt, Danit R Shahar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Data on the continuity of nutritional care in the transition from the hospital to the community is scarce although its impact on medical complications is highly significant. The aim of the current study is to determine level of adherence to dietary recommendations after hospitalization and identify barriers for adherence. METHODS: A prospective study among patients age ≥65 who were treated with oral nutritional supplements (ONS) during their hospitalization and discharged with dietary recommendations...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779744/exploring-collective-experience-in-watching-dance-through-intersubject-correlation-and-functional-connectivity-of-fmri-brain-activity
#20
Frank E Pollick, Staci Vicary, Katie Noble, Naree Kim, Seonhee Jang, Catherine J Stevens
How the brain contends with naturalistic viewing conditions when it must cope with concurrent streams of diverse sensory inputs and internally generated thoughts is still largely an open question. In this study, we used fMRI to record brain activity while a group of 18 participants watched an edited dance duet accompanied by a soundtrack. After scanning, participants performed a short behavioral task to identify neural correlates of dance segments that could later be recalled. Intersubject correlation (ISC) analysis was used to identify the brain regions correlated among observers, and the results of this ISC map were used to define a set of regions for subsequent analysis of functional connectivity...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
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