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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944717/an-overview-of-assessment-methodology-for-obesity-related-variables-in-infants-at-risk
#1
Danae Dinkel, Corrine Hanson, Karsten Koehler, Ann Anderson Berry, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Matthew Bice, Jill Wallen, Danstan Bagenda, Laura Jana, Jana Pressler
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of a child's life are a particularly critical time period for obesity prevention. AIM: An increasing amount of research across the world is aimed at understanding factors that impact early childhood obesity and developing interventions that target these factors effectively. With this growing interest, new and interdisciplinary research teams are developing to meet this research need. Due to rapid growth velocity during this phase of the lifespan, typical assessments used in older populations may not be valid or applicable in infants, and investigators need to be aware of the pros and cons of specific methodological strategies...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944596/diet-quality-in-patients-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-undergoing-dialysis
#2
Lauren A Roach, Kelly Lambert, Jane L Holt, Barbara J Meyer
BACKGROUND: People on haemodialysis (HD) are at risk of consuming a poor quality diet. This includes inadequate intake of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA). OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate diet quality, with a particular focus on n-3 LCPUFA intake, in a population of incentre HD patients. DESIGN: Dietary intake was measured using three 24 hour recalls; the Polyunsaturated food frequency questionnaire (PUFA FFQ) and the Total Diet Score (TDS)...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944360/immediate-loading-of-fixed-prostheses-in-fully-edentulous-jaws-1-year-follow-up-from-a-single-cohort-retrospective-study
#3
Francesco Giordano, Marco Esposito
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of four to five implants immediately restored with metal-resin screw-retained cross-arch fixed prostheses in edentulous jaws 1 year after loading. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 104 consecutive patients received four 11 × 4.5 mm implants with a torque superior to 35 Ncm. If one implant did not reach a torque superior to 35 Ncm a fifth implant was added. If two implants did not reach a torque superior to 35 Ncm, loading was postponed after 3 months...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943858/effects-of-sleep-on-word-pair-memory-in-children-separating-item-and-source-memory-aspects
#4
Jing-Yi Wang, Frederik D Weber, Katharina Zinke, Hannes Noack, Jan Born
Word paired-associate learning is a well-established task to demonstrate sleep-dependent memory consolidation in adults as well as children. Sleep has also been proposed to benefit episodic features of memory, i.e., a memory for an event (item) bound into the spatiotemporal context it has been experienced in (source). We aimed to explore if sleep enhances word pair memory in children by strengthening the episodic features of the memory, in particular. Sixty-one children (8-12 years) studied two lists of word pairs with 1 h in between...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943814/helping-children-cope-with-medical-tests-and-interventions
#5
Elvira V Lang, Jacqueline Viegas, Chris Bleeker, Jörgen Bruhn, Geffen Geert-Jan van
Medical procedures and tests become a challenge when anxiety and pain make it difficult for the patient to cooperate or remain still when needed. Fortunately a short intervention with hypnoidal language at the onset of a procedure induces a positive and sustained change in the way pain and anxiety are processed. While anesthesia may appear to be a simple solution to eliminate pain, the adverse effects of pre-anesthesia anxiety on postoperative behavior and recovery are often not fully appreciated. This paper discusses options for self-hypnotic relaxation that are applicable to interactions with children...
March 2017: Journal of Radiology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943058/part-list-cuing-effects-in-children-a-developmental-dissociation-between-the-detrimental-and-beneficial-effect
#6
Thomas John, Alp Aslan
Providing a subset of previously studied items as a retrieval cue can both impair and improve recall of the remaining items. Here, we investigated the development of these two opposing effects of such part-list cuing in children. Using listwise directed forgetting to manipulate study context access, three child age groups (7-8, 9-11, and 13-14years) and young adults studied a list of items and, after study, were asked to either forget or continue remembering the list. After presentation of a second list, participants were tested on predefined target items from the original list in either the presence or absence of the list's remaining (nontarget) items serving as retrieval cues...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943053/our-experience-with-500-patients-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-reexploring-aetiology-and-reevaluating-mri-investigation
#7
Fei Tan, Constantin Bartels, Rory McConn Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To explore the aetiology of and to evaluate the importance of MRI investigation on the posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in an Irish population. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 500 patients with posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, diagnosed and treated by the senior author over a 10-year period. Most patients underwent an MRI brain and inner ear, following the same scan protocol...
September 21, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942673/concussion-nondisclosure-during-professional-career-among-a-cohort-of-former-national-football-league-athletes
#8
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Melissa C Kay, J D DeFreese, Stephen W Marshall, Kevin M Guskiewicz
BACKGROUND: Despite a focus on the incidence and effects of concussion, nondisclosure of sports-related concussions among retired players from the National Football League (NFL) has yet to be examined. PURPOSE: Examine the prevalence of and factors associated with nondisclosure of sports-related concussions in former NFL athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A sample of 829 former NFL players completed a general health survey...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941757/contrast-enhanced-spectral-mammography-as-work-up-tool-in-patients-recalled-from-breast-cancer-screening-has-low-risks-and-might-hold-clinical-benefits
#9
I P L Houben, P Van de Voorde, C R L P N Jeukens, J E Wildberger, L F Kooreman, M L Smidt, M B I Lobbes
OBJECTIVE: Contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) is a reliable problem solving tool in the work-up of women recalled from breast cancer screening. We evaluated additional findings caused by CESM alone and outweighed them against the disadvantages of this technique. METHODS: From December 2012 to December 2015, all women recalled from screening who underwent CESM were considered for this study. Radiation exposure and number of adverse contrast reactions were analysed...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941754/breast-screening-what-can-the-interval-cancer-review-teach-us-are-we-perhaps-being-a-bit-too-hard-on-ourselves
#10
Katerina Lekanidi, Phil Dilks, Tamara Suaris, Steffan Kennett, Hema Purushothaman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the features that make interval cancers apparent on the preceding screening mammogram and determine whether changes in the ways of performing the interval cancer review will affect the true interval cancer rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the clinical governance committee. Mammograms of women diagnosed with an interval cancer were included in the study if they had been allocated to either the "suspicious signs" group or "subtle signs" group, during the historic interval cancer review...
September 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941380/using-virtual-environments-to-investigate-wayfinding-in-8-to-12-year-olds-and-adults
#11
Jamie Lingwood, Mark Blades, Emily K Farran, Yannick Courbois, Danielle Matthews
Wayfinding is the ability to learn and recall a route through an environment. Theories of wayfinding suggest that for children to learn a route successfully, they must have repeated experience of it, but in this experiment we investigated whether children could learn a route after only a single experience of the route. A total of 80 participants from the United Kingdom in four groups of 20 8-year-olds, 10-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults were shown a route through a 12-turn maze in a virtual environment...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940960/the-meaning-of-patient-nurse-interaction-for-older-women-in-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#12
Darcy Mize
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of patient-nurse interaction for older women receiving care in healthcare settings. BACKGROUND: Older women are often overlooked or misunderstood by the nurses caring for them. Some research exists on nurses' perception of their interaction with patients, yet few studies have described the meaning of such interaction from the patients' perspective. METHODS: This was a pilot study using qualitative description as a methodology...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940931/measuring-recall-of-medical-information-in-non-english-speaking-people-with-cancer-a-methodology
#13
Ruby Lipson-Smith, Amelia Hyatt, Alexandra Murray, Phyllis Butow, Thomas F Hack, Michael Jefford, Uldis Ozolins, Sandra Hale, Penelope Schofield
BACKGROUND: Many patients who require an interpreter have difficulty remembering information from their medical consultations. Memory aids such as consultation audio-recordings may be of benefit to these patients. However, there is no established means of measuring patients' memory of medical information. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop a method for eliciting and coding recall of medical information in non-English-speaking patients. DESIGN: This method, called Patient-Interpreter-Clinician coding (PICcode), was developed in the context of a phase II trial conducted in two outpatient oncology clinics in Melbourne, Australia, and was refined iteratively through consultation with an expert panel and piloting...
September 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940709/a-comparative-study-of-encode-protocol-versus-conventional-protocol-for-restoring-single-implants-one-year-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Jaafar Abduo, Lakshmi Gade, Harjot Gill, Roy Judge, Ivan Darby
BACKGROUND: The Encode protocol (Biomet 3i, Palm Beach Gardens, Fla) has been proposed as a simplified implant restoration protocol. PURPOSE: To compare the 1-year clinical outcome of the Encode and conventional protocols for restoring single implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven implants were inserted in 44 patients. After randomizing the implants, 24 implants were allocated to the Encode protocol and 23 implants were allocated to the conventional protocol...
September 21, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940691/long-term-follow-up-on-patients-treated-for-abdominal-fat-using-a-selective-contactless-radiofrequency-device
#15
Klaus Fritz, Carmen Salavastru
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate how abdominal circumferential reduction achieved after using a noninvasive radiofrequency device (BTL Vanquish, BTL Industries Inc., Boston, MA) evolves over a 4-year period. METHODS: This is a follow-up on patients who were treated in our practice for abdominal fat in an earlier published multicenter prospective study. Patients were recalled for biometric data collection 4 years (±60 days) after the last treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940632/parental-age-and-risk-of-infant-leukaemia-a-pooled-analysis
#16
Erin L Marcotte, Todd E Druley, Kimberly J Johnson, Michaela Richardson, Julie von Behren, Beth A Mueller, Susan Carozza, Colleen McLaughlin, Eric J Chow, Peggy Reynolds, Logan G Spector
BACKGROUND: Infant leukaemia (IL) is extremely rare with fewer than 150 cases occurring each year in the United States. Little is known about its causes. However, recent evidence supports a role of de novo mutations in IL aetiology. Parental age has been associated with several adverse outcomes in offspring, including childhood cancers. Given the role of older parental age in de novo mutations in offspring, we carried out an analysis of parental age and IL. METHODS: We evaluated the relationship between parental age and IL in a case-control study using registry data from New York, Minnesota, California, Texas, and Washington...
September 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940428/maternal-alcohol-use-and-nutrition-during-pregnancy-diet-and-anthropometry
#17
R Colin Carter, Marjanne Senekal, Neil C Dodge, Lori Bechard, Ernesta M Meintjes, Christopher D Molteno, Christopher Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson, Sandra W Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Despite known risks of prenatal nutritional deficiencies and studies documenting increased prevalence of poor dietary intake among non-pregnant alcohol abusers, the nutritional status of heavy drinking pregnant women remains largely unstudied. Animal models have found interactions between prenatal ethanol exposure and micronutrients, such as choline, folate, B12, and iron, and human studies have reported that lower maternal weight and body mass confer increased fetal alcohol-related risk...
September 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940127/diagnostic-accuracy-of-memory-measures-in-alzheimer-s-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Gali H Weissberger, Jessica V Strong, Kayla B Stefanidis, Mathew J Summers, Mark W Bondi, Nikki H Stricker
With an increasing focus on biomarkers in dementia research, illustrating the role of neuropsychological assessment in detecting mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is important. This systematic review and meta-analysis, conducted in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) standards, summarizes the sensitivity and specificity of memory measures in individuals with MCI and AD. Both meta-analytic and qualitative examination of AD versus healthy control (HC) studies (n = 47) revealed generally high sensitivity and specificity (≥ 80% for AD comparisons) for measures of immediate (sensitivity = 87%, specificity = 88%) and delayed memory (sensitivity = 89%, specificity = 89%), especially those involving word-list recall...
September 22, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939668/neurogranin-a-synaptic-protein-is-associated-with-memory-independent-of-alzheimer-biomarkers
#19
Kaitlin B Casaletto, Fanny M Elahi, Brianne M Bettcher, John Neuhaus, Barbara B Bendlin, Sanjay Asthana, Sterling C Johnson, Kristine Yaffe, Cynthia Carlsson, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Joel H Kramer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between synaptic functioning as measured via neurogranin in CSF and cognition relative to established Alzheimer disease (AD) biomarkers in neurologically healthy older adults. METHODS: We analyzed CSF concentrations of neurogranin, β-amyloid (Aβ42), phosphorylated tau (p-tau), and total tau (t-tau) among 132 neurologically normal older adults (mean 64.5, range 55-85), along with bilateral hippocampal volumes and a measure of episodic memory (Auditory Verbal Learning Test, delayed recall)...
September 22, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939399/the-impact-of-teach-back-method-on-retention-of-key-domains-of-emergency-department-discharge-instructions
#20
Becky Ann Slater, Yinjiang Huang, Preeti Dalawari
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that patient understanding and recall of their emergency department (ED) discharge instructions is limited. The teach-back method involves patients repeating back what they understand, in their own words, so that discharge providers can confirm comprehension and correct misunderstandings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if the teach-back method would increase retention of post ED discharge instructions. METHODS: A before-and-after study design (pre and post teach-back method) was used at an academic Midwestern institution...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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