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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25970665/no-effects-of-a-short-term-gluten-free-diet-on-performance-in-nonceliac-athletes
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dana Lis, Trent Stellingwerff, Cecilia M Kitic, Kiran D K Ahuja, James Fell
PURPOSE: Implementation of gluten-free diets among nonceliac athletes has rapidly increased in recent years because of perceived ergogenic and health benefits. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a gluten-free diet (GFD) on exercise performance, gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, perceived well-being, intestinal injury, and inflammatory responses in nonceliac athletes. METHODS: Thirteen competitive endurance cyclists (8 males, 5 females) with no positive clinical screening for celiac disease or history of irritable bowel syndrome (mean ± SD; age, 32 ± 7 yr; weight, 71...
December 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24791919/gastrointestinal-complaints-during-exercise-prevalence-etiology-and-nutritional-recommendations
#2
REVIEW
Erick Prado de Oliveira, Roberto Carlos Burini, Asker Jeukendrup
Gastrointestinal problems are common, especially in endurance athletes, and often impair performance or subsequent recovery. Generally, studies suggest that 30-50% of athletes experience such complaints. Most gastrointestinal symptoms during exercise are mild and of no risk to health, but hemorrhagic gastritis, hematochezia, and ischemic bowel can present serious medical challenges. Three main causes of gastrointestinal symptoms have been identified, and these are either physiological, mechanical, or nutritional in nature...
May 2014: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24150614/the-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-the-inflammatory-response-to-eccentric-strength-exercise
#3
Kelly B Jouris, Jennifer L McDaniel, Edward P Weiss
Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3) have anti-inflammatory properties. However, it is not known if omega-3 supplementation attenuates exercise-induced inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that omega-3 supplementation reduces inflammation that is induced by eccentric arm curl exercise. Healthy adult men and women (n=11; 35 ± 10 y) performed eccentric biceps curls on two occasions, once after 14d of dietary omega-3 restriction (control trial) and again after 7d of 3,000 mg/d omega-3 supplementation (omega-3 trial)...
2011: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22908405/inflammatory-bowel-disease-concerns-for-the-athlete
#4
Alan A Zakaria, Sami F Rifat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2008: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22370187/letter-from-the-guest-editor-pediatric-body-imaging-part-ii
#5
EDITORIAL
Edward Y Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2012: Seminars in Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22089363/physical-activity-benefits-and-risks-on-the-gastrointestinal-system
#6
REVIEW
Donald Martin
This review evaluates the current understanding of the benefits and risks of physical activity and exercise on the gastrointestinal system. A significant portion of endurance athletes are affected by gastrointestinal symptoms, but most symptoms are transient and do not have long-term consequences. Conversely, physical activity may have a protective effect on the gastrointestinal system. There is convincing evidence that physical activity reduces the risk of colon cancer. The evidence is less convincing for gastric and pancreatic cancers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cholelithiasis, diverticular disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and constipation...
December 2011: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21266931/current-analysis-of-women-athletes-with-pelvic-pain
#7
William C Meyers, David M Kahan, Tina Joseph, Anna Butrymowicz, Alexander E Poor, Sarah Schoch, Adam C Zoga
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Accurate diagnosis and effective management of pelvic pain in women have become more challenging now that the number of women athletes and the number of diagnostic possibilities are increasing. We conducted a prospective study of women athletes with pelvic pain seen during a 2-yr period within a large well-defined clinical practice to clarify some of the current causes and treatment possibilities. RESULTS: One hundred fourteen females, 14% of the total male/female cohort, were referred for treatment of suspected musculoskeletal injury...
August 2011: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20086875/don-t-miss-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-athletes
#8
M Putukian
Gastrointestinal symptoms in physically active persons can be caused by gut ischemia, dehydration, the use of tobacco and alcohol, medications, and certain foods and fluids. Exercise may also unmask underlying medical problems, the more serious being inflammatory bowel disease, ulcers, and malignancy. Athletes often ignore or are reluctant to talk about symptoms, so physicians must ask specific questions. Diagnosis requires checking orthostatic blood pressure to detect dehydration and conducting a thorough physical examination...
November 1997: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20086340/competing-with-crohn-s-disease-management-issues-in-active-patients
#9
Victor K Ng, Wanda M Millard
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disorder that has genetic and environmental risk factors. Although moderate physical activity seems to reduce the risk of developing Crohn's disease, some high-performance athletes live with the disease. Uncontrolled Crohn's disease predisposes patients to numerous nutrient deficiencies and associated health issues such as anemia and osteoporosis. Low-intensity exercise has been shown to decrease flare-ups in sedentary patients; however, high-intensity exercise may lead to increased symptoms...
November 2005: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15763048/inflammatory-bowel-disease-arthropathy
#10
REVIEW
James L Moeller
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common medical problem in the United States. There may be a genetic predisposition for the development of IBD. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of IBD are often accompanied by symptoms in other body systems. Joint complaints are commonly noted in IBD patients, and may be the primary presenting complaint in some. The sports medicine physician must keep a high index of suspicion for IBD arthropathy in athletes who present with axial arthropathy or peripheral arthropathy that is not related to injury or overuse...
April 2005: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15703634/nutritional-supplements-and-alternative-medicine
#11
Kristine J Krueger, Craig J McClain, Stephen A McClave, Gerald W Dryden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A major health care trend in the last decade has been the increased use of complementary and alternative medicine and nutritional supplements. Indeed, we now have Physician's Desk References for both herbal therapies and dietary supplements. A large amount of out-of-pocket dollars are spent on complementary and alternative medicine each year in the United States, and complementary and alternative medicine users believe strongly in the efficacy of their treatments. RECENT FINDINGS: In the area of inflammatory bowel disease, probiotics appear to be a highly promising form of therapy...
March 2004: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15653098/fatty-acid-binding-proteins-as-plasma-markers-of-tissue-injury
#12
REVIEW
Maurice M A L Pelsers, Wim T Hermens, Jan F C Glatz
BACKGROUND: One of the novel and promising plasma markers for detection of tissue injury is the family of 15 kDa cytoplasmic fatty acid-binding proteins of which various tissue-specific types occur. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present status of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for acute and chronic cardiac injury, as well as the preliminary diagnostic use of other types of FABP for detecting injury in other organs, is reviewed...
February 2005: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15339135/-osteoporosis
#13
F F Al-Khawajah
It is well known that people, especially white people, are getting osteoporosis more often than previously thought. Until now, no direct causative factor has been determined, but genetic factors are very likely to be involved. Usually, affected individuals are initially asymptomatic while the disease process is going on, and they come to the attention of the medical profession only late when their bones are fractured as a result of a simple trauma. Also it is vital to let people know that heavy sports, at times, can be harmful...
March 2002: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15017652/exercise-and-gastrointestinal-function-and-disease-an-evidence-based-review-of-risks-and-benefits
#14
REVIEW
Luke Bi, George Triadafilopoulos
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to health because it reduces the risk of cardiovascular and endocrine diseases, improves bone and muscle conditioning, and lessens anxiety and depression. However, the impact of exercise on the gastrointestinal system has been conflicting. This systematic literature review evaluates the effect of the different modes and intensity levels of exercise on gastrointestinal function and disease using an evidence-based approach. Although more applicable to trained athletes and individuals who are highly active and, as such, at risk to experience the side-effects of exercise, an effort was made to state the level or degree of exercise or the lack of such evidence...
September 2003: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12737712/mechanisms-by-which-nutritional-disorders-cause-reduced-bone-mass-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Karen K Miller
Nutritional disorders that cause bone loss in adults include disordered eating behaviors (female athlete triad and anorexia nervosa), gastrointestinal diseases (celiac sprue, inflammatory bowel disease, and other malabsorption syndromes), alcoholism, and hypervitaminosis A. These disorders exert their effects on bone through a number of mechanisms, including estrogen deficiency. Deficiencies of anabolic hormones may also be important, including insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), a nutritionally regulated bone trophic factor...
March 2003: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11171839/potential-benefits-and-hazards-of-physical-activity-and-exercise-on-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#16
REVIEW
H P Peters, W R De Vries, G P Vanberge-Henegouwen, L M Akkermans
This review describes the current state of knowledge on the hazards of exercise and the potential benefits of physical activity on the gastrointestinal tract. In particular, acute strenuous exercise may provoke gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn or diarrhoea. A substantial part (20-50%) of endurance athletes are hampered by these symptoms which may deter them from participation in training and competitive events. Nevertheless, these acute symptoms are transient and do not hamper the athlete's health in the long term...
March 2001: Gut
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