Read by QxMD icon Read

Ablation or modulation of the dorsal root ganglion

Petra Mrozkova, Diana Spicarova, Jiri Palecek
Protease-activated receptors 2 (PAR2) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors in the peripheral nerve endings are implicated in the development of increased sensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimuli, especially during inflammatory states. Both PAR2 and TRPV1 receptors are co-expressed in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons on their peripheral endings and also on presynaptic endings in the spinal cord dorsal horn. However, the modulation of nociceptive synaptic transmission in the superficial dorsal horn after activation of PAR2 and their functional coupling with TRPV1 is not clear...
2016: PloS One
Hannes Schmidt, Stefanie Peters, Katharina Frank, Lai Wen, Robert Feil, Fritz G Rathjen
A cGMP signaling pathway, comprising C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), its guanylate cyclase receptor Npr2, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI), is critical for the bifurcation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and cranial sensory ganglion axons when entering the mouse spinal cord and the hindbrain, respectively. However, the identity and functional relevance of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) that degrade cGMP in DRG neurons are not completely understood. Here we asked whether regulation of the intracellular cGMP concentration by PDEs modulates the branching of sensory axons...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Zheng-Wei Li, Bin Wu, Pin Ye, Zhi-Yong Tan, Yong-Hua Ji
BACKGROUND: A previous study found that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) inhibited inflammatory pain via activating its receptor natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA) in nociceptive sensory neurons. A recent study found that functional NPRA is expressed in almost all the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons at membrane level suggesting a potentially important role for BNP in migraine pathophysiology. METHODS: An inflammatory pain model was produced by subcutaneous injection of BmK I, a sodium channel-specific modulator from venom of Chinese scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Galo L Mejia, Marina N Asiedu, Yasumichi Hitoshi, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J Price
There is a great need for new therapeutics for the treatment of pain. A possible avenue to development of such therapeutics is to interfere with signaling pathways engaged in peripheral nociceptors that cause these neurons to become hyperexcitable. There is strong evidence that mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways are key modulators of nociceptor excitability in vitro and in vivo. Activation of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) can inhibit signaling in both of these pathways and AMPK activators have been shown to inhibit nociceptor excitability and pain hypersensitivity in rodents...
July 2016: Pain Rep
Hai-Li Pan, Ben-Long Liu, Wei Lin, Yu-Qiu Zhang
Given that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and the tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel Nav1.8 are both involved in bone cancer pain, the present study was designed to investigate whether crosstalk between the LPA receptor LPA1 (also known as EDG2) and Nav1.8 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contributes to the induction of bone cancer pain. We showed that the EDG2 antagonist Ki16198 blocked the mechanical allodynia induced by intrathecal LPA in naïve rats and attenuated mechanical allodynia in a rat model of bone cancer...
October 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
Iulia I Nita, Yaki Caspi, Sagi Gudes, Dimitri Fishman, Shaya Lev, Michal Hersfinkel, Israel Sekler, Alexander M Binshtok
The nociceptive noxious heat-activated receptor - TRPV1, conducts calcium and sodium, thus producing a depolarizing receptor potential, leading to activation of nociceptive neurons. TRPV1-mediated calcium and sodium influx is negatively modulated by calcium, via calcium-dependent desensitization of TRPV1 channels. A mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter - MCU, controls mitochondrial Ca(2+) entry while a sodium/calcium transporter - NCLX shapes calcium and sodium transients by mediating sodium entry into and removing calcium from the mitochondria...
September 11, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
H Z Hu, N Granger, N D Jeffery
Management of persistent lower urinary tract dysfunction resulting from severe thoracolumbar spinal cord injury can be challenging. Severe suprasacral spinal cord injury releases the spinal cord segmental micturition reflex from supraspinal modulation and increases nerve growth factor concentration in the bladder wall, lumbosacral spinal cord, and dorsal root ganglion, which subsequently activates hypermechanosensitive C-fiber bladder wall afferents. Hyperexcitability of bladder afferents and detrusor overactivity can cause urine leaking during the storage phase...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Ann Kobiela Ketz, Kimberly R Byrnes, Neil E Grunberg, Christine E Kasper, Lisa Osborne, Brian Pryor, Nicholas L Tosini, Xingjia Wu, Juanita J Anders
OBJECTIVE: Neuropathic pain is common and debilitating with limited effective treatments. Macrophage/microglial activation along ascending somatosensory pathways following peripheral nerve injury facilitates neuropathic pain. However, polarization of macrophages/microglia in neuropathic pain is not well understood. Photobiomodulation treatment has been used to decrease neuropathic pain, has anti-inflammatory effects in spinal injury and wound healing models, and modulates microglial polarization in vitro...
August 6, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Ming Zhuo, Murat F Gorgun, Ella W Englander
To meet energy demands, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons harbor high mitochondrial content, which renders them acutely vulnerable to disruptions of energy homeostasis. While neurons typically rely on mitochondrial energy production and have not been associated with metabolic plasticity, new studies reveal that meclizine, a drug, recently linked to modulations of energy metabolism, protects neurons from insults that disrupt energy homeostasis. We show that meclizine rapidly enhances glycolysis in DRG neurons and that glycolytic metabolism is indispensable for meclizine-exerted protection of DRG neurons from hypoxic stress...
July 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Friederike Schlüter, Andreas Leffler
Voltage-gated Na(+) channels regulate neuronal excitability by generating the upstroke of action potentials. The α-subunits Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 are required for normal function of sensory neurons and thus for peripheral pain processing, but also for an increased excitability leading to an increased pain sensitivity under several conditions associated with oxidative stress. While little is known about the direct effects of oxidants on Nav1.7 and Nav1.8, a recent study on mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons suggested that oxidant-induced alterations of nociceptor excitability are primarily driven by Nav1...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
Arif Demirdaş, Mustafa Nazıroğlu, İshak Suat Övey
Overload of Ca(2+) entry and excessive oxidative stress in neurons are the two main causes of depression. Activation of transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) and TRP melastatin 2 (TRPM2) during oxidative stress has been linked to neuronal survival. Duloxetine (DULOX) in neurons reduced the effects of Ca(2+) entry and reactive oxygen species (ROS) through glutamate receptors, and this reduction of effects may also occur through TRPM2 and TRPV1 channels. In order to better characterize the actions of DULOX in peripheral pain and hippocampal oxidative injury through modulation of TRPM2 and TRPV1, we tested the effects of DULOX on apoptosis and oxidative stress in the hippocampal and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of rats...
July 21, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Chien-Yi Chiang, Shih-An Liu, Meei-Ling Sheu, Fu-Chou Chen, Chun-Jung Chen, Hong-Lin Su, Hung-Chuan Pan
PURPOSE: The neurobehavior of neuropathic pain by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of sciatic nerve is very similar to that in humans, and it is accompanied by a profound local inflammation response. In this study, we assess the potentiality of human amniotic fluid derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAFMSCs) for alleviating the neuropathic pain in a chronic constriction nerve injury model. METHODS AND METHODS: This neuropathic pain animal model was conducted by four 3-0 chromic gut ligatures loosely ligated around the left sciatic nerve in Sprague-Dawley rats...
2016: PloS One
Anna M Cabaj, Henryk Majczyński, Erika Couto, Phillip F Gardiner, Katinka Stecina, Urszula Sławińska, Larry M Jordan
Serotonergic (5-HT) pathways to the spinal cord are implicated in the control of locomotion based on studies using 5-HT7 receptor agonists and antagonists and 5-HT7 receptor knockout mice. Blockade of these receptors is thought to interfere with the activity of coordinating interneurons, a conclusion derived primarily from in vitro studies on isolated spinal cord of neonatal rats and mice. Developmental changes in the effects of 5-HT on spinal neurons have recently been described, and there is increasing data on control of sensory input by 5-HT7 receptors on dorsal root ganglion cells and/or dorsal horn neurons, leading us to determine the effects of 5-HT7 receptor blockade on voluntary overground locomotion and on locomotion without afferent input from the moving limb (fictive locomotion) in adult animals...
July 9, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Ricardo Vallejo, Dana M Tilley, David L Cedeño, Courtney A Kelley, Margaret DeMaegd, Ramsin Benyamin
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated single-gene changes modulated by spinal cord stimulation (SCS), providing a narrow understanding of molecular changes. Genomics allows for a robust analysis of holistic gene changes in response to stimulation. METHODS: Rats were randomized into six groups to determine the effect of continuous SCS in uninjured and spared-nerve injury (SNI) animals. After behavioral assessment, tissues from the dorsal quadrant of the spinal cord (SC) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) underwent full-genome microarray analyses...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Gonzalo Rosso, Ivan Liashkovich, Peter Young, Dominik Röhr, Victor Shahin
Biochemical interactions between Schwann cells (SCs) and their substrate are crucial for the peripheral nervous systems (PNS). They are among the major parameters used in the design of nerve grafts for nerve injuries treatment, yet with unsatisfactory success despite pressing need worldwide. Mounting evidence demonstrates the fundamental physiological importance of mechanical cell-substrate-interactions. Substrate stiffness modulates cell differentiation, development, maintenance and regeneration. Mechanosensitivity may therefore be a key parameter to advancing nerve graft research...
July 4, 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Salla M Kangas, Steffen Ohlmeier, Raija Sormunen, Eeva-Mari Jouhilahti, Sirkku Peltonen, Juha Peltonen, Anthony M Heape
Peripheral nerve myelination is a complex event resulting from spatially and temporally regulated reciprocal interactions between the neuron and myelin-forming Schwann cells. The dynamic process and the protein functional modules and networks that operate throughout the myelination process are poorly understood because of a lack of methodologies suitable for observing specific changes in the Schwann cell/neuron-unit. The identification of the precise roles for the proteins participating in the functional modules and networks that participate in the myelination process is hindered by the cellular and molecular complexity of the nervous tissue itself...
September 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Timur A Mavlyutov, Tyler Duellman, Hung Tae Kim, Miles L Epstein, Charlotte Leese, Bazbek A Davletov, Jay Yang
Sigma-1 receptor (S1R) is a unique pluripotent modulator of living systems and has been reported to be associated with a number of neurological diseases including pathological pain. Intrathecal administration of S1R antagonists attenuates the pain behavior of rodents in both inflammatory and neuropathic pain models. However, the S1R localization in the spinal cord shows a selective ventral horn motor neuron distribution, suggesting the high likelihood of S1R in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) mediating the pain relief by intrathecally administered drugs...
September 7, 2016: Neuroscience
Gyu-Sang Hong, Byeongjun Lee, Jungwon Wee, Hyeyeon Chun, Hyungsup Kim, Jooyoung Jung, Joo Young Cha, Tae-Ryong Riew, Gyu Hyun Kim, In-Beom Kim, Uhtaek Oh
Touch sensation or proprioception requires the transduction of mechanical stimuli into electrical signals by mechanoreceptors in the periphery. These mechanoreceptors are equipped with various transducer channels. Although Piezo1 and 2 are mechanically activated (MA) channels with rapid inactivation, MA molecules with other inactivation kinetics have not been identified. Here we report that heterologously expressed Tentonin3 (TTN3)/TMEM150C is activated by mechanical stimuli with distinctly slow inactivation kinetics...
July 6, 2016: Neuron
Liong Liem, Eric van Dongen, Frank J Huygen, Peter Staats, Jeff Kramer
Chronic neuropathic pain is a widespread problem with negative personal and societal consequences. Despite considerable clinical neuroscience research, the goal of developing effective, reliable, and durable treatments has remained elusive. The critical role played by the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain has been largely overlooked in these efforts, however. It may be that, by targeting this site, robust new options for pain management will be revealed. This review summarizes recent advances in the knowledge base for DRG-targeted treatments for neuropathic pain:• Pharmacological options including the chemical targeting of voltage-dependent calcium channels, transient receptor potential channels, neurotrophin production, potentiation of opioid transduction pathways, and excitatory glutamate receptors...
July 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Hiroki Akiyama, Tetsuko Fukuda, Takuro Tojima, Viacheslav O Nikolaev, Hiroyuki Kamiguchi
UNLABELLED: Graded distribution of intracellular second messengers, such as Ca(2+) and cyclic nucleotides, mediates directional cell migration, including axon navigational responses to extracellular guidance cues, in the developing nervous system. Elevated concentrations of cAMP or cGMP on one side of the neuronal growth cone induce its attractive or repulsive turning, respectively. Although effector processes downstream of Ca(2+) have been extensively studied, very little is known about the mechanisms that enable cyclic nucleotides to steer migrating cells...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"