keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ablation or modulation of the dorsal root ganglion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935216/modulation-of-diet-induced-mechanical-allodynia-by-metabolic-parameters-and-inflammation
#1
Michael A Cooper, Janelle M Ryals, Pau Yen Wu, Kellen D Wright, Katherine R Walter, Douglas E Wright
Dietary-associated diseases have increased tremendously in our current population, yet key molecular changes associated with high-fat diets that cause clinical prediabetes, obesity, hyperglycemia, and peripheral neuropathy remain unclear. This study examines molecular and metabolic aspects altered by voluntary exercise and a high-fat diet in the mouse dorsal root ganglion. Mice were examined for changes in mRNA and proteins encoding anti-inflammatory mediators, metabolic-associated molecules, and pain associated ion channels...
December 9, 2016: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913310/targeted-disruption-of-the-orphan-receptor-gpr151-does-not-alter-pain-related-behaviour-despite-a-strong-induction-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-expression-in-a-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#2
Fiona E Holmes, Niall Kerr, Ying-Ju Chen, Penny Vanderplank, Craig A McArdle, David Wynick
BACKGROUND: Gpr151 is an orphan GPCR whose function is unknown. The restricted pattern of neuronal expression in the habenula, dorsal horn of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion plus homology with the galanin family of receptors imply a role in nociception. RESULTS: Real-time quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated a 49.9±2.9 fold highly significant (P<0.001) increase in Gpr151 mRNA expression in the dorsal root ganglion 7days after the spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain...
November 29, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898492/growth-hormone-regulates-the-sensitization-of-developing-peripheral-nociceptors-during-cutaneous-inflammation
#3
Xiaohua Liu, Kathryn J Green, Zachary K Ford, Luis F Queme, Peilin Lu, Jessica L Ross, Frank B Lee, Aaron T Shank, Renita C Hudgins, Michael P Jankowski
Cutaneous inflammation alters the function of primary afferents and gene expression in the affected dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). However specific mechanisms of injury-induced peripheral afferent sensitization and behavioral hypersensitivity during development are not fully understood. Recent studies in children suggest a potential role for growth hormone (GH) in pain modulation. GH modulates homeostasis and tissue repair after injury, but how GH effects nociception in neonates is not known. To determine if GH played a role in modulating sensory neuron function and hyper-responsiveness during skin inflammation in young mice, we examined behavioral hypersensitivity and the response properties of cutaneous afferents using an ex vivo hairy skin-saphenous nerve-dorsal root ganglion (DRG)-spinal cord preparation...
November 18, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864646/low-level-laser-irradiation-modulates-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-mrna-transcription-through-calcium-dependent-activation-of-the-erk-creb-pathway
#4
Xiaodong Yan, Juanfang Liu, Zhengping Zhang, Wenhao Li, Siguo Sun, Jian Zhao, Xin Dong, Jixian Qian, Honghui Sun
Low-level laser (LLL) irradiation has been reported to promote neuronal differentiation, but the mechanism remains unclear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been confirmed to be one of the most important neurotrophic factors because it is critical for the differentiation and survival of neurons during development. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the effects of LLL irradiation on Bdnf messenger RNA (mRNA) transcription and the molecular pathway involved in LLL-induced Bdnf mRNA transcription in cultured dorsal root ganglion neurons (DRGNs) using Ca(2+) imaging, pharmacological detections, RNA interference, immunocytochemistry assay, Western blot, and qPCR analysis...
November 19, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858292/cisplatin-toxicity-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-is-relieved-by-meclizine-via-diminution-of-mitochondrial-compromise-and-improved-clearance-of-dna-damage
#5
Murat F Gorgun, Ming Zhuo, Ella W Englander
Chemotherapy-induced neurotoxicity of peripheral nervous system (PNS) hinders efficacy of cancer treatments. Mechanisms initiating PNS injury by anticancer drugs are incompletely understood delaying development of effective management strategies. To understand events triggered in PNS by cancer drugs, we exposed dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons to cisplatin, a drug from platinum-based class of chemotherapeutics frequently implicated in peripheral neuropathies. While cisplatin enters cancer cells and forms cisplatin/DNA crosslinks that block cell proliferation, circulating cisplatin can also reach the PNS and produce crosslinks that impede critical DNA transactions in postmitotic neurons...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832523/ovariectomy-induced-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-calcium-ion-influx-through-trpa1-trpm2-and-trpv1-are-prevented-by-17%C3%AE-estradiol-tamoxifen-and-raloxifene-in-the-hippocampus-and-dorsal-root-ganglion-of-rats
#6
Yener Yazğan, Mustafa Nazıroğlu
Relative 17β-estradiol (E2) deprivation and excessive production of mitochondrial oxygen free radicals (OFRs) with a high amount of Ca(2+) influx TRPA1, TRPM2, and TRPV1 activity is one of the main causes of neurodegenerative disease in postmenopausal women. In addition to the roles of tamoxifen (TMX) and raloxifene (RLX) in cancer and bone loss treatments, regulator roles in Ca(2+) influx and mitochondrial oxidative stress in neurons have not been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether TMX and RLX interactions with TRPA1, TRPM2, and TRPV1 in primary hippocampal (HPC) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron cultures of ovariectomized (OVX) rats...
November 10, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827430/lactate-is-a-potent-inhibitor-of-the-capsaicin-receptor-trpv1
#7
Jeanne de la Roche, Isabella Walther, Waleria Leonow, Axel Hage, Mirjam Eberhardt, Martin Fischer, Peter W Reeh, Susanne Sauer, Andreas Leffler
Tissue ischemia results in an accumulation of lactate and local or systemic lactic acidosis. In nociceptive sensory neurons, lactate was reported to sensitize or activate the transient receptor potential ion channel TRPA1 and acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). However, it is unclear how lactate modulates the TRPV1 regarded as the main sensor for acidosis in sensory neurons. In this study we investigated the effects of lactate (LA) on recombinant and native TRPV1 channels and on TRPV1-mediated release of neuropeptides from mouse nerves...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803687/emerging-putative-associations-between-non-coding-rnas-and-protein-coding-genes-in-neuropathic-pain-added-value-from-reusing-microarray-data
#8
Hemalatha B Raju, Nicholas F Tsinoremas, Enrico Capobianco
Regeneration of injured nerves is likely occurring in the peripheral nervous system, but not in the central nervous system. Although protein-coding gene expression has been assessed during nerve regeneration, little is currently known about the role of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). This leaves open questions about the potential effects of ncRNAs at transcriptome level. Due to the limited availability of human neuropathic pain (NP) data, we have identified the most comprehensive time-course gene expression profile referred to sciatic nerve (SN) injury and studied in a rat model using two neuronal tissues, namely dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and SN...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802438/bradykinin-contributes-to-sympathetic-and-pressor-responses-evoked-by-activation-of-skeletal-muscle-afferents-p2x-in-heart-failure
#9
Jihong Xing, Jianhua Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Published data suggest that purinergic P2X receptors of muscle afferent nerves contribute to the enhanced sympathetic nervous activity (SNA) and blood pressure (BP) responses during static exercise in heart failure (HF). In this study, we examined engagement of bradykinin (BK) in regulating responses of SNA and BP evoked by P2X stimulation in rats with HF. We further examined cellular mechanisms responsible for BK. We hypothesized that BK potentiates P2X currents of muscle dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, and this effect is greater in HF due to upregulation of BK kinin B2 and P2X3 receptor...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777138/effects-of-4-phenyl-butyric-acid-on-high-glucose-induced-alterations-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons
#10
Dilip Sharma, Jitendra Narain Singh, Shyam S Sharma
Mechanisms and pathways involving in diabetic neuropathy are still not fully understood but can be unified by the process of overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, downstream intracellular signaling pathways and their modulation. Susceptibility of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) to internal/external hyperglycemic environment stress contributes to the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic neuropathy. ER stress leads to abnormal ion channel function, gene expression, transcriptional regulation, metabolism and protein folding...
December 2, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755539/hypersensitivity-induced-by-activation-of-spinal-cord-par2-receptors-is-partially-mediated-by-trpv1-receptors
#11
Petra Mrozkova, Diana Spicarova, Jiri Palecek
Protease-activated receptors 2 (PAR2) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors in the peripheral nerve endings are implicated in the development of increased sensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimuli, especially during inflammatory states. Both PAR2 and TRPV1 receptors are co-expressed in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons on their peripheral endings and also on presynaptic endings in the spinal cord dorsal horn. However, the modulation of nociceptive synaptic transmission in the superficial dorsal horn after activation of PAR2 and their functional coupling with TRPV1 is not clear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740716/drg-axon-bifurcation-tolerates-increased-cgmp-levels-the-role-of-phosphodiesterase-2a-and-scavenger-receptor-npr3
#12
Hannes Schmidt, Stefanie Peters, Katharina Frank, Lai Wen, Robert Feil, Fritz G Rathjen
A cGMP signaling pathway, comprising C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), its guanylate cyclase receptor Npr2, and cGMP-dependent protein kinase I (cGKI), is critical for the bifurcation of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and cranial sensory ganglion axons when entering the mouse spinal cord and the hindbrain, respectively. However, the identity and functional relevance of phosphodiesterases (PDEs) that degrade cGMP in DRG neurons are not completely understood. Here we asked whether regulation of the intracellular cGMP concentration by PDEs modulates the branching of sensory axons...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687165/brain-natriuretic-peptide-suppresses-pain-induced-by-bmk-i-a-sodium-channel-specific-modulator-in-rats
#13
Zheng-Wei Li, Bin Wu, Pin Ye, Zhi-Yong Tan, Yong-Hua Ji
BACKGROUND: A previous study found that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) inhibited inflammatory pain via activating its receptor natriuretic peptide receptor A (NPRA) in nociceptive sensory neurons. A recent study found that functional NPRA is expressed in almost all the trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons at membrane level suggesting a potentially important role for BNP in migraine pathophysiology. METHODS: An inflammatory pain model was produced by subcutaneous injection of BmK I, a sodium channel-specific modulator from venom of Chinese scorpion Buthus martensi Karsch...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672681/the-potent-indirect-adenosine-monophosphate-activated-protein-kinase-activator-r419-attenuates-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-inhibits-nociceptor-excitability-and-reduces-pain-hypersensitivity-in-mice
#14
Galo L Mejia, Marina N Asiedu, Yasumichi Hitoshi, Gregory Dussor, Theodore J Price
There is a great need for new therapeutics for the treatment of pain. A possible avenue to development of such therapeutics is to interfere with signaling pathways engaged in peripheral nociceptors that cause these neurons to become hyperexcitable. There is strong evidence that mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) / mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways are key modulators of nociceptor excitability in vitro and in vivo. Activation of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) can inhibit signaling in both of these pathways and AMPK activators have been shown to inhibit nociceptor excitability and pain hypersensitivity in rodents...
July 2016: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631681/modulation-of-nav1-8-by-lysophosphatidic-acid-in-the-induction-of-bone-cancer-pain
#15
Hai-Li Pan, Ben-Long Liu, Wei Lin, Yu-Qiu Zhang
Given that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and the tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel Nav1.8 are both involved in bone cancer pain, the present study was designed to investigate whether crosstalk between the LPA receptor LPA1 (also known as EDG2) and Nav1.8 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contributes to the induction of bone cancer pain. We showed that the EDG2 antagonist Ki16198 blocked the mechanical allodynia induced by intrathecal LPA in naïve rats and attenuated mechanical allodynia in a rat model of bone cancer...
October 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627464/privileged-crosstalk-between-trpv1-channels-and-mitochondrial-calcium-shuttling-machinery-controls-nociception
#16
Iulia I Nita, Yaki Caspi, Sagi Gudes, Dimitri Fishman, Shaya Lev, Michal Hersfinkel, Israel Sekler, Alexander M Binshtok
The nociceptive noxious heat-activated receptor - TRPV1, conducts calcium and sodium, thus producing a depolarizing receptor potential, leading to activation of nociceptive neurons. TRPV1-mediated calcium and sodium influx is negatively modulated by calcium, via calcium-dependent desensitization of TRPV1 channels. A mitochondrial Ca(2+) uniporter - MCU, controls mitochondrial Ca(2+) entry while a sodium/calcium transporter - NCLX shapes calcium and sodium transients by mediating sodium entry into and removing calcium from the mitochondria...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527382/pathophysiology-clinical-importance-and-management-of-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-caused-by-suprasacral-spinal-cord-injury
#17
H Z Hu, N Granger, N D Jeffery
Management of persistent lower urinary tract dysfunction resulting from severe thoracolumbar spinal cord injury can be challenging. Severe suprasacral spinal cord injury releases the spinal cord segmental micturition reflex from supraspinal modulation and increases nerve growth factor concentration in the bladder wall, lumbosacral spinal cord, and dorsal root ganglion, which subsequently activates hypermechanosensitive C-fiber bladder wall afferents. Hyperexcitability of bladder afferents and detrusor overactivity can cause urine leaking during the storage phase...
September 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497321/characterization-of-macrophage-microglial-activation-and-effect-of-photobiomodulation-in-the-spared-nerve-injury-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#18
Ann Kobiela Ketz, Kimberly R Byrnes, Neil E Grunberg, Christine E Kasper, Lisa Osborne, Brian Pryor, Nicholas L Tosini, Xingjia Wu, Juanita J Anders
OBJECTIVE: Neuropathic pain is common and debilitating with limited effective treatments. Macrophage/microglial activation along ascending somatosensory pathways following peripheral nerve injury facilitates neuropathic pain. However, polarization of macrophages/microglia in neuropathic pain is not well understood. Photobiomodulation treatment has been used to decrease neuropathic pain, has anti-inflammatory effects in spinal injury and wound healing models, and modulates microglial polarization in vitro...
August 6, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458119/augmentation-of-glycolytic-metabolism-by-meclizine-is-indispensable-for-protection-of-dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-from-hypoxia-induced-mitochondrial-compromise
#19
Ming Zhuo, Murat F Gorgun, Ella W Englander
To meet energy demands, dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons harbor high mitochondrial content, which renders them acutely vulnerable to disruptions of energy homeostasis. While neurons typically rely on mitochondrial energy production and have not been associated with metabolic plasticity, new studies reveal that meclizine, a drug, recently linked to modulations of energy metabolism, protects neurons from insults that disrupt energy homeostasis. We show that meclizine rapidly enhances glycolysis in DRG neurons and that glycolytic metabolism is indispensable for meclizine-exerted protection of DRG neurons from hypoxic stress...
July 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450927/oxidation-differentially-modulates-the-recombinant-voltage-gated-na-channel-%C3%AE-subunits-nav1-7-and-nav1-8
#20
Friederike Schlüter, Andreas Leffler
Voltage-gated Na(+) channels regulate neuronal excitability by generating the upstroke of action potentials. The α-subunits Nav1.7 and Nav1.8 are required for normal function of sensory neurons and thus for peripheral pain processing, but also for an increased excitability leading to an increased pain sensitivity under several conditions associated with oxidative stress. While little is known about the direct effects of oxidants on Nav1.7 and Nav1.8, a recent study on mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons suggested that oxidant-induced alterations of nociceptor excitability are primarily driven by Nav1...
October 1, 2016: Brain Research
keyword
keyword
105431
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"